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Microsoft Store (digital)

Microsoft Store is a digital distribution platform owned by Microsoft. It started as an app store for Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 as the primary means of distributing Universal Windows Platform apps. With Windows 10, Microsoft merged its other distribution platforms into Microsoft Store, making it a unified distribution point for apps, console games, digital music, digital videos. E-books were included until 2019; some content is available free of charge from the store. In 2015, over 669,000 apps were available on the store. Categories containing the largest number of apps are "Books and Reference", "Education", "Entertainment", "Games"; the majority of the app developers have one app. As with other similar platforms, such as the Google Play and Mac App Store, Microsoft Store is curated, apps must be certified for compatibility and content. In addition to the user-facing Microsoft Store client, the store has a developer portal with which developers can interact. Microsoft takes 30% of the sale price for apps.

Prior to January 1, 2015, this cut was reduced to 20% after the developer's profits reached $25,000. Microsoft maintained a similar digital distribution system for software known as Windows Marketplace, which allowed customers to purchase software online; the marketplace tracked product keys and licenses, allowing users to retrieve their purchases when switching computers. Windows Marketplace was discontinued in November 2008. At this point, Microsoft opened a Web-based storefront called "Microsoft Store". Microsoft first announced Windows Store, a digital distribution service for Windows at its presentation during the Build developer conference on September 13, 2011. Further details announced during the conference revealed that the store would be able to hold listings for both certified traditional Windows apps, as well as what were called "Metro-style apps" at the time: tightly-sandboxed software based on Microsoft design guidelines that are monitored for quality and compliance. For consumers, Windows Store is intended to be the only way to obtain Metro-style apps.

While announced alongside the "Developer Preview" release of Windows 8, Windows Store itself did not become available until the "Consumer Preview", released in February 2012. Updates to apps published on the Store after July 1, 2019 will not be available to Windows 8 RTM users. Per Microsoft lifecycle policies, Windows 8 had been unsupported since 2016. An updated version of Windows Store was introduced in Windows 8.1. Its home page was remodeled to display apps in focused categories with expanded details, while the ability for apps to automatically update was added. Windows 8.1 Update introduced other notable presentation changes, including increasing the top app lists to return 1000 apps instead of 100 apps, a'picks for you' section, changing the default sorting for reviews to be by'most popular'. Updates to apps published on the Store after July 1, 2023 will not be available to Windows 8.1. Windows 10 was released with an updated version of the Windows Store which merged Microsoft's other distribution platforms into a unified store front for Windows 10 on all platforms, offering apps, music, film, TV series and ebooks.

In September 2017, Microsoft began to re-brand Windows Store as Microsoft Store, with a new icon carrying the Microsoft logo. Xbox Store was merged into this new version of the platform. Web apps and traditional desktop software can be packaged for distribution on Windows Store. Desktop software distributed through Windows Store are packaged using the App-V system to allow sandboxing. In February 2018, Microsoft announced that Progressive Web Apps would begin to be available in the Microsoft Store, Microsoft would automatically add selected quality progressive web apps through the Bing crawler or allow developers to submit Progressive Web Apps to the Microsoft Store. Windows Store is not installed by default, it is unavailable in Windows Server 2016. However, UWP apps can be acquired from Microsoft Store for Business and installed through sideloading. Microsoft Store is the primary means of distributing Windows Store apps to users. Although sideloading apps from outside the store is supported, out-of-box sideloading support on Windows 8 is only available on the Enterprise edition of Windows 8 running on computers that have joined a Windows domain.

Sideloading on Windows RT and Windows 8 Pro, on Windows 8 Enterprise computers without a domain affiliation, requires purchase of additional licenses through volume licensing. Windows 10 removes this requirement, allowing users to enable or disable sideloading. Microsoft took a 30% cut of app sales until it reached US$25,000 in revenue, after which the cut dropped to 20%. On January 1, 2015, the reduction in cut at $25,000 was removed, Microsoft takes a 30% cut of all app purchases, regardless of overall sales. Third-party transactions are allowed, of which Microsoft does not take a cut. In early 2019, Microsoft lets app developers get 95% of app revenues, while Microsoft will only take 5% but only if user will download the app through a direct URL. Individual developers are able to register for US$19 and companies for US$99. In 2015 over 669,000 apps were available on the store, including apps for Windows NT, Windows Phone, UWP apps, which work on both platforms. Categories containing the largest number of apps are "Games", "Entertainment", "Books and Reference", and

Camerinus Antistius Vetus

Camerinus Antistius Vetus was a Roman senator, active during the reign of Claudius. He was suffect consul in the for a few days in the month of March AD 46 as the colleague of Marcus Junius Silanus. Camerinus is known to have been urban praetor in the year 43, he is known from inscriptions. Because Camerinus reached the consulate within three years of becoming praetor, one can deduce he was one of the patricians, who enjoyed the privilege of becoming consul so quickly. Further, one can deduce that Camerinus was born 30 years before he became praetor, in the year 13, as, the usual age patricians held that traditional Roman magistracy, it is not uncontroversial that Camerinus was the son of Gaius Antistius Vetus, consul in 23. From his name Giuseppe Camodeca deduced that Camerinus' mother was the daughter of Quintus Sulpicius Camerinus, consul in AD 9, identifying her as Sulpicia. Camodeca identified two men as his brothers: Gaius Antistius Vetus, ordinary consul in 50. Camerinus presents a number of problems in the little.

First there is his praenomen Camerinus, not one of the 20-odd traditional examples known. However, a number of Camerinus' contemporaries present unusual praenomina: Paullus Fabius Persicus, but more problematic is the brevity of his tenure. Documents exist attesting him as consul for 15 and 23 March 46. However, the Fasti Teanenses, which reveals many details about the consuls of this period, omit all mention of Camerinus. A number of explanations have been proposed to explain Camerinus Antistius omission, but Nikolaus Pachowiak points out they are all unsatisfactory. Pachowiak proposes. Pachowiak remarks that it should not be a surprise that the literary tradition only knows him by his first three names, pointing to Galba and noting that Suetonius is the only literary source from which we learn the emperor had adopted the names Lucius Livius Ocella. While it would be the simplest solution -- this provides a preconsular career for Sulpicius Camerinus, a post-consular career for Antistius Vetus -- and there is no evidence against it, more evidence is needed before Pachowiak's identification is accepted as fact

Music of Djibouti

The music of Djibouti refers to the musical styles and sounds of Djibouti. Djibouti is a multiethnic country; the two largest ethnic groups are the Afar. There are a number of Arab and European residents. Traditional Afar music resembles the folk music of other parts of the Horn of Africa such as Ethiopia; the history of Djibouti is recorded in the poetry and songs of its nomadic people, goes back thousands of years to a time when the peoples of Djibouti traded hides and skins for the perfumes and spices of ancient Egypt and China. Afar oral literature is quite musical, it comes in many varieties, including songs for weddings, war and boasting. Somalis have a rich musical heritage centered on traditional Somali folklore. Most Somali songs are pentatonic. At first listen, Somali music might be mistaken for the sounds of nearby regions such as Ethiopia, Sudan or the Arabian Peninsula, but it is recognizable by its own unique tunes and styles. Modern Djiboutian popular music can be traced back to the late 1940s, Somali songs are the product of collaboration between lyricists and singers.

Balwo is a Somali musical style centered on love themes, popular in Djibouti. The national anthem of Djibouti is "Djibouti", adopted in 1977 with words by Aden Elmi and music by Abdi Robleh. "Miniature poetry", invented by a truck driver named Abdi Deeqsi, is well known in Djibouti. They perform music and dance from two of Djibouti's main ethnic groups, they feature on Djiboutian radio and television shows and perform as representatives of Djiboutian culture around the world; this festival draws performers from all over the country, live recordings of headliner acts have proved popular with international audiences. Among the best-known performers are the Aïdarous; the government sponsors several organizations dedicated to the preservation of traditional culture and dance. Djiboutian traditional instruments include bowl lyre and oud; the first radio station in Djibouti to air popular Djibouti music was Radio based in Djibouti. It started broadcasting in 1940 in French, Somali and Arabic. Djiboutian music is now broadcast on the state-run Radio Television of Djibouti.

Ahmed Mohamed Aman Ali Abazid, Fatouma Mansour, Deeqa Ahmed Waqal Music - Djibouti Music Audio clips: Traditional music of Djibouti. Musée d'ethnographie de Genève. Accessed November 25, 2010. Audio clips - traditional music of Djibouti. French National Library. Accessed November 25, 2010