click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

History of the DC Universe

History of the DC Universe is a two–issue comic book limited series created by writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez, published by DC Comics following the end of Crisis on Infinite Earths. History of the DC Universe was an attempt to summarize the new history of the DC Universe to establish what was canonical after Crisis on Infinite Earths reformed the multiverse into a single universe. In the original planning of Crisis on Infinite Earths, the History would have formed the final two issues, following the destruction of the Multiverse at the beginning of time, but this was changed. History of the DC Universe had been one of the working titles for Crisis on Infinite Earths; the loose plotline of the series involves the character Harbinger chronicling the past and future of the post-Crisis DC Universe. The history is told through one- and two-page splash pages, accompanied by brief prose. At the end of the series, Harbinger launches it into space. In the subsequent series Millennium, this history is intercepted by the Manhunters and used against Earth's superheroes.

The Next Men characters made a prototypical appearance as "Freaks" in a lithography plate, published within the History of the DC Universe Portfolio in 1986. Writer/artist John Byrne had pitched the series to DC Comics but it never surfaced there. With some changes, Byrne changed the concept to fit in with his work on the graphic novel 2112, to become the John Byrne's Next Men series. Two characters from the "Freaks" artwork somewhat retained their physical looks and became the lead characters of the Next Men series: heroine Jasmine and villain Aldus Hilltop; the other plates in the portfolio included art by Stephen R. Bissette, Brian Bolland, José Luis García-López, Keith Giffen, Dick Giordano, Joe Kubert, Steve Lightle, Jerry Ordway, George Pérez, Curt Swan, John Totleben; the cover was painted by Bill Sienkiewicz. The series was reprinted in hardcover by Graphitti Designs in 1988 with a painted cover by Bill Sienkiewicz, it featured additional material not included in the original series including an introduction by Wolfman and the following: essay and Superman illustration by Neal Adams essay by Julius Schwartz essay by Jerry Siegel with Superman illustration by Joe Shuster essay by Bob Kane with Batman illustration by Dick Sprang essay and Sgt.

Rock illustration by Joe Kubert essay by Roy Thomas with Marvel Family illustration by Kurt Schaffenberger essay by Paul Levitz with Legion of Super-Heroes illustration by Steve Lightle essay by Len Wein with Swamp Thing illustration by Stephen R. Bissette and John Totleben essay by Jack Kirby with New Gods illustration by Kirby and Steve Rude essay and Aquaman illustration by Ramona Fradon essay by George Pérez with Wonder Woman illustration by Trina Robbins and Pérez an afterword by Frank Miller a gatefold poster featuring 53 characters drawn by Arthur Adams, Neal Adams, Murphy Anderson, Jim Aparo, Stephen R. Bissette, Bret Blevins, Brian Bolland, Pat Broderick, Howard Chaykin, Gene Colan, Ernie Colón, Denys Cowan, Jan Duursema, Ramona Fradon, Dave Gibbons, Keith Giffen, Michael T. Gilbert, Dick Giordano, Mike Grell, Irwin Hasen, Gilbert Hernandez, Jamie Hernandez, Carmine Infantino, Michael Kaluta, Bob Kane, Gil Kane, Jack Kirby, Andy Kubert, Joe Kubert, Steve Lightle, Frank McLaughlin, Jim Mooney, Gray Morrow, Martin Nodell, Paul Norris, Joe Orlando, George Pérez, Mike Royer, Steve Rude, P. Craig Russell, Kurt Schaffenberger, Bill Sienkiewicz, Walt Simonson, Dan Spiegle, Jim Starlin, Joe Staton, Jim Steranko, Dave Stevens, Curt Swan, Frank Thorne, John Totleben, Matt Wagner, Al Williamson, Mary WilshireThe series was reprinted as a trade paperback in 2002.

It had a new cover painting by Alex Ross but did not include the bonus material from the 1988 hardcover edition. In October 2015 the series was collected once again when it was included as an extra in the Crisis on Infinite Earths Deluxe Edition hardcover collection. After the events of Infinite Crisis, DC included a backup feature titled "History of the DCU" in 52, running in issues #2–11 and written by Dan Jurgens. In this version, Donna Troy, now in possession of Harbinger's orb, tells the story of the history of the DCU up to Infinite Crisis; the backup feature, History of the Multiverse, appears in issues #49–38 of Countdown, as told from the perspective of the Monitors. It was written by Dan Jurgens as well. History of the DC Universe at the Comic Book DB History of the DC Universe at Mike's Amazing World of Comics "History of the DC Universe Portfolio - 1986". Comicsbookstories. October 2011. Archived from the original on November 5, 2015

Denis O'Rourke

Denis John O'Rourke is a New Zealand politician and former Member of Parliament representing New Zealand First. For many years, he was a senior councillor on Christchurch City Council. Born in Christchurch, O'Rourke was educated at Christchurch West High School, he studied at the University of Canterbury, graduating with a Bachelor of Laws, went on to practise law, specialising in legal drafting, statutory interpretation and commercial law, until 1992. His political interest arose from his opposition to the policies of former Prime Minister Robert Muldoon. O'Rourke perceived Muldoon's policies as divisive, with "incredibly oppressive regulations awful economic policies which just drove New Zealand economy into the ground."O'Rourke was a member of the Labour Party for 19 years until 2003, when he resigned over dissatisfaction with the direction of Helen Clark's government. In 1983 O'Rourke unsuccessfully sought the Labour Party nomination for the seat of Sydenham following the retirement of MP John Kirk, but lost to Labour Party President Jim Anderton.

On one occasion, he was the campaign manager when Ann Hercus contested Lyttelton. He joined New Zealand First in early 2010. From his local government days, O'Rourke has a reputation of a "no half-measures" politician, he is known to undertake exhaustive research on his portfolios. By his own claim, he has "read every word in every council report" put to him. O'Rourke describes his political style as "forceful", whilst some others describe it as "abrasive". One of his fellow councillors once publicly accused him of being a bully. O'Rourke describes debating as "recreational". O'Rourke first joined Christchurch City Council in 1989 as a representative of the Labour Party and served for 15 years until 2004. For many years, he chaired the Sustainable Transport and Utilities Committee, under his chairmanship, the Blenheim Road deviation and the four-laning of Fendalton Road were major council projects, he championed unpopular projects like the Kate Valley Landfill and set up the Recovered Materials Foundation, which represented the start of kerbside recycling in Christchurch.

Standing for Christchurch City Council in the 2004 local election, the year the size of Council was halved from 24 to 12, he came fifth in the two-member Hagley-Ferrymead ward. Standing for Environment Canterbury in the Christchurch North electorate in the 2007 local election, he came third in the two-member electorate. Standing for Christchurch City Council in the 2010 local election, he came second in the one-member Banks Peninsula ward. In the same election, he stood for the Canterbury District Health Board where seven board members are elected, coming 17th. O'Rourke first stood for Parliament as an independent candidate for the Ilam electorate at the 1999 election, he finished seventh behind the incumbent, Gerry Brownlee. In the 2011 election, O'Rourke contested the Port Hills electorate for New Zealand First, he came fourth and was not returned as an electorate MP, but was elected to Parliament as a list MP, having been ranked in seventh place on the New Zealand First party list. He is thus a member of the 50th Parliament.

In 2013, O'Rourke voted against the Marriage Amendment Bill, which aims to permit same sex marriage in New Zealand, with all of his fellow New Zealand First MPs. Since 2000, O'Rourke was one of the Christchurch City Council representatives on the Central Plains Water Enhancement Steering Committee under Doug Marsh as chairman; the steering committee, which formed a trust, was set up by Christchurch City Council and Selwyn District Council. O'Rourke remained a trustee. In December 2009, O'Rourke replaced Marsh as chairman. Since 2008, O'Rourke has been chairman of a recycling plant in Opawa owned by Becon Canterbury that handles demolition waste and other commercial refuse

57th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

The 57th Division was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call sign was the Inner Division, it was formed on 10 July 1940 at Hirosaki, Aomori with 51st, 52nd, 54th, 55th, 56th divisions, as a reserve and provisional unit. Its call-sign “Oku” was taken from the ancient name of the Tohoku region of northern Honshū, "Oshu"; the formation nucleus was the headquarters of the 8th Division. Its manpower came from the Aomori, Iwate and Akita prefectures; the 57th division was assigned to direct command of Emperor Hirohito, but was transferred to Northern District Army as soon as it formed 2 December 1940. To participate in the Special exercise of the Kwantung Army together with 51st division, the 57th Division was assigned to the Kwantung Army`s 3rd army on 1 August 1941; the preparations for the war with the Soviet Union were cancelled 9 August 1941 though, 57th division was reassigned to the 4th army. During 1941-1945 the division was used to defend a Manchukuo in coastal part of Heilongjiang.

In March 1945, the 57th division was replaced in Heilongjiang with the formed 125th division and sent to Fukuoka to join 36th army protecting Tokyo region. The division nearly completed sea leg of transfer by 18 April 1945. Due to bad developments of Battle of Okinawa, 10 May 1945 the further movement of the 57th division was cancelled and it was re-subordinated to the 16th Area Army to counter the anticipated Operation Downfall by the US forces; the division has meet the day of surrender of Japan 15 August 1945 at Fukuoka without seeing any combat. List of Japanese Infantry Divisions This article incorporates material from Japanese Wikipedia page 第57師団, accessed 9 June 2016 Madej, W. Victor. Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945 Allentown, PA: 1981

Chillin' It

"Chillin' It" is the debut single by American country music artist Cole Swindell. Swindell co-wrote the song with Shane Minor. Swindell released the song independently in March 2013 as a digital download. In July 2013, Swindell signed a record deal with Warner Bros. Records. Warner Bros. assumed promotion of the single and released it to country radio in August 2013. It is included on Swindell's self-titled debut album, released on February 18, 2014; the song was produced by Jody Stevens, the son of songwriter and producer Jeff Stevens, one-half of the duo Fast Ryde. According to The Tennessean, the recording was a demo made by Jody Stevens, with him playing all of the instruments; the song is in the key of A major with a moderate tempo in 4/4 time signature, a main chord pattern of D-A-E-F♯m7. Billy Dukes of Taste of Country gave the song three and a half stars out of five, writing that it "isn’t about the words or the musicianship. It’s about the vibe and the sweet groove this Georgia-raised singer lays down patiently."

Dukes wrote that "the verses are pleasantly effective in telling a vivid story of a guy, a girl and the open road" and described it a "decaf version" of Florida Georgia Line's "Cruise". The music video was directed by Michael Monaco and Shaun Silva and premiered in November 2013. "Chillin' It" debuted at number 42 on the U. S. Billboard Hot Country Songs chart for the week of June 15, 2013, it debuted at number 52 on the U. S. Billboard Country Airplay chart for the week of August 10, 2013, it debuted at number 98 on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 chart for the week of November 2, 2013; the song reach its 1 million sales mark in the US by March 2014. On March 24, 2014, the single was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for sales of over a million digital copies in the United States; as of April 2014, the song has sold 1,075,000 copies in the United States. The song debuted at number 100 on the Canadian Hot 100 chart for the week of January 11, 2014

Complement deficiency

Complement deficiency is an immunodeficiency of absent or suboptimal functioning of one of the complement system proteins. Because there are redundancies in the immune system, many complement disorders are never diagnosed, some studies estimated that less than 10% are identified. Hypocomplementemia may be used more to refer to decreased complement levels while secondary complement disorder means decreased complement levels that are not directly due to a genetic cause but secondary to another medical condition; the following symptoms are consistent with complement deficiency in general: Vaccinations for encapsulated organisms is crucial for preventing infections in complement deficiencies. Among the possible complications are the following: Deficiencies of the terminal complement components increases susceptibility to infections by Neisseria; the cause of complement deficiency is genetics. The majority of complement deficiencies are autosomal recessive, while properdin deficiency could be X-linked inheritance, MBL deficiency can be both.

Properdin deficiency is an X-linked disorder that causes susceptibility to Neisseria infections. C1-inhibitor deficiency or hereditary angioedema will have low C4 with normal C1 levels. Acquired hypocomplementemia may occur in the setting of bone infections, infection of the lining of the heart, cryoglobulinemia. Systemic lupus erythematosus is associated with low C3 and C4 Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis has low C3; the mechanism of complement deficiency consists of: C2: In regard to C2 deficiency, about 5 different mutations in the C2 gene are responsible. In turn, immune function decreases and infection opportunities increase. One of the most common mutations deletes 28 DNA nucleotides from the C2 gene. Therefore, no C2 protein which can help make; this delays/decreases immune response. C3: In terms of deficiency of C3, it has been found that 17 mutations in the C3 gene cause problems with C3; this rare condition mutates or prevents C3 protein from forming, lowering the immune system's ability to protect.

C4: C4 deficiency is associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. Aβ42, a protein involved in Alzheimer's disease, can cause activation of C4. At least one study indicates. Among the diagnostic tests that can be done in determining if an individual has complement deficiencies is: CH50 measurement Immunochemical methods/test C3 deficiency screening Mannose-binding lectin Plasma levels/regulatory proteins Disorders of the proteins that act to inhibit the complement system can lead to an overactive response, causing conditions such as hereditary angioedema Disorders of the proteins that act to activate the complement system can lead to an underactive response, causing greater susceptibility to infections. In terms of management for complement deficiency, immunosuppressive therapy should be used depending on the disease presented. A C1-INH concentrate can be used for angio-oedema. Pneumococcus and haemophilus infections prevention can be taken via immunization for those with complement deficiency.

Epsilon-aminocaproic acid could be used to treat hereditary C1-INH deficiency, though the possible side effect of intravascular thrombosis should be weighed. C2 deficiency has a prevalence of 1 in about 20,000 people in Western countries. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria Botto, Marina. "Links between complement deficiency and apoptosis". Arthritis Research & Therapy. 3: 207–210. Doi:10.1186/ar301. ISSN 1478-6362. PMC 128896. PMID 11438036. Aghamohammadi, Asghar. Clinical cases in primary immunodeficiency diseases a problem-solving approach. Berlin: Springer. ISBN 9783642317859. Retrieved 21 September 2016