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Mid Wales

Mid Wales is the central region of Wales. The Mid Wales Regional Committee of the National Assembly for Wales covered the unitary authority areas of Ceredigion and Powys and the area of Gwynedd, the district of Meirionnydd. A similar definition is used by the BBC; the Wales Spatial Plan defines a region known as "Central Wales" which covers Powys. If Mid Wales is classed as Ceredigion and Powys, the area would be 6,962 square kilometres. Mid Wales is dominated including the Green Desert of Wales; the region is sparsely populated on farming and small businesses. The density of the unitary authority areas of Ceredigion and Powys combined is only 30 inhabitants per square kilometre. Heart of Wales Line Cambrian Line Welsh Marches Line Talyllyn Railway Welshpool and Llanfair Light Railway Vale of Rheidol Railway Cambrian Heritage Railways Brecon Mountain Railway Fairbourne Railway Corris Railway Breconshire Geography of Wales Mid Wales Football League Montgomery, Powys Montgomeryshire North Wales Radnorshire South Wales West Wales The BBC's Mid Wales page Overview of Mid Wales by the Welsh Development Agency Mid Wales Region on

Giovanni Bellini

Giovanni Bellini was an Italian Renaissance painter the best known of the Bellini family of Venetian painters. His father was Jacopo Bellini, his brother was Gentile Bellini, his brother-in-law was Andrea Mantegna, he was considered to have revolutionized Venetian painting, moving it towards a more sensuous and colouristic style. Through the use of clear, slow-drying oil paints, Giovanni created deep, rich tints and detailed shadings, his sumptuous coloring and fluent, atmospheric landscapes had a great effect on the Venetian painting school on his pupils Giorgione and Titian. Giovanni Bellini was born in Venice, he was brought up in his father's house, always lived and worked in the closest fraternal relation with his brother Gentile. Up until the age of nearly thirty we find in his work a depth of religious feeling and human pathos, his own, his paintings from the early period are all executed in the old tempera method: the scene is softened by a new and beautiful effect of romantic sunrise color.

In a changed and more personal manner, he drew. With less harshness of contour, a broader treatment of forms and draperies and less force of religious feeling. Giovanni's early works have been linked both compositionally and stylistically to those of his brother-in-law, Andrea Mantegna. In 1470 Giovanni received his first appointment to work along with his brother and other artists in the Scuola di San Marco, where among other subjects he was commissioned to paint a Deluge with Noah's Ark. None of the master's works of this kind, whether painted for the various schools or confraternities or for the ducal palace, has survived. To the decade following 1470 must be assigned the Transfiguration now in the Capodimonte Museum of Naples, repeating with ripened powers and in a much serener spirit the subject of his early effort at Venice; the great altar-piece of the Coronation of the Virgin at Pesaro, which would seem to be his earliest effort in a form of art almost monopolized in Venice by the rival school of the Vivarini.

As is the case with a number of his brother, Gentile's public works of the period, many of Giovanni's great public works are now lost. The still more famous altar-piece painted in tempera for a chapel in the church of S. Giovanni e Paolo, where it perished along with Titian's Peter Martyr and Tintoretto's Crucifixion in the disastrous fire of 1867. After 1479–1480 much of Giovanni's time and energy must have been taken up by his duties as conservator of the paintings in the great hall of the Doge's Palace; the importance of this commission can be measured by the payment Giovanni received: he was awarded, first the reversion of a broker's place in the Fondaco dei Tedeschi, afterwards, as a substitute, a fixed annual pension of eighty ducats. Besides repairing and renewing the works of his predecessors he was commissioned to paint a number of new subjects, six or seven in all, in further illustration of the part played by Venice in the wars of Frederick Barbarossa and the pope; these works, executed with much interruption and delay, were the object of universal admiration while they lasted, but not a trace of them survived the fire of 1577.

Of the other, the religious class of his work, including both altar-pieces with many figures and simple Madonnas, a considerable number have been preserved. They show him throwing off the last restraints of the Quattrocento manner; the old intensity of pathetic and devout feeling fades away and gives place to a noble, if more worldly and charm. The enthroned Virgin and Child become tranquil and commanding in their sweetness; the full splendour of Venetian color invests alike the figures, their architectural framework, the landscape and the sky. An interval of some years, no doubt chiefly occupied with work in the Hall of the Great Council, seems to separate the San Giobbe Altarpiece, that of the church of San Zaccaria at Venice. Formally, the works are similar, so a comparison between serves to illustrate the shift in Bellini's work over the last decade of the 15th century. Both pictures are of the Holy Conversation type. Both show the Madonna seated between classicizing columns. Both place the holy figures beneath a golden mosaicked half dome that recalls the Byzantine architecture in the basilica of St. Mark.

In the work Bellini depicts the Virgin surrounded by: St. Peter holding his keys and the Book of Wisdom. Stylistically, the lighting in the San Zaccaria piece has b


Taekkyon is a traditional Korean martial art. It is characterized by fluid, dynamic foot movement Stepping-on-Triangles. Taekkyon is concerned with applying both the hands and feet at the same time to unbalance, trip, or throw the opponent. Hands and feet are always used together. Taekkyon has many leg and whole-body techniques with integrated armwork. Although Taekkyon utilizes kicking and arm strikes thrown from a mobile stance and does not provide a framework for groundfighting, it does incorporate a variety of different throws and grappling techniques to complement its striking focus. In the twentieth century, Taekkyon has come to be seen as a living link to Korea's past; as such, it has provided historical references for modern Korean martial arts and is considered as the oldest martial discipline of Korea. Taekkyon is the first martial art recognised as a National treasure of South Korea and a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage. Historical records regarding Taekkyon are ambiguous; the term is described as a Martial art -probably descended from earlier dynasties' Subak- or as a folk game.

The earliest written source of the term appears during the Joseon Dynasty, in the book Jaemulbo, written by Lee Sung-Ji during the reign of King Jeongjo: "Byeon and Subak are Byeon, Gangnyeok is Mu and all these are called Tak-gyeon". The word is written in Hangul, which denotes its connection with the common people while the other terms are written in hanja. Song Deok-gi, the main preserver of Taekkyon during the XXth century, writes in the preface of his only book: "It cannot be said for sure when and how Taekkyon came into existence, but until the end of the Korean kingdom, certain people did Taekkyon together." Taekkyon is documented for the first time in the West as a living martial art by renowned anthropologist Stewart Culin in his book "Korean Games". In the book "Haedong Jukji" by Choe Yeong-nyeon from 1921, Taekkyon is lyrically called "flying leg technique". Taekkyon was practised during the Joseon period. Two versions existed at the time: one for combat application, the other as a game popular among plebs alongside Ssireum.

Both combat sports were done together at festivals, attended by all social classes. For example, during the Dano-Festival, a tournament called. Players who beat five opponents consecutively could take a rest and re-enter the tournament again later. Nonetheless, Taekkyon's popularity suffered a lot as Neo-Confucianism became widespread among the elite and underwent a long period of decline. At the dawn of the XXth century, it was only practised around the capital city of Hanyang, in the district of Jongro; the subsequent Japanese occupation prohibited indigenous fighting techniques which nearly made the art extinct. The onslaught of the subsequent Korean War left only one surviving Master: Song Deok-gi. Being part of the last generation who received a traditional education, he had maintained his practice in secret throughout the Japanese occupation and subsequently laid the seeds for the art's regeneration; the style he practiced was called Widae after his village of Jongro district. Song was critical in the preservation of Taekkyon, since most of our actual knowledge comes from him.

Revealed to the public on 26 March 1958 after a Martial arts demonstration given for president Syngman Rhee's birthday, Song became known as "the Last Taekkyon Master of the Joseon Dynasty". He taught a handful of students. On June 1, 1983, Taekkyon was given the classification as Important Intangible Cultural Asset No. 76" by the Korean government. It is only one of two Korean martial arts. Song Deok-gi was subsequently given living national treasure status by the South Korean government. Since Taekkyon has been enjoying a renaissance with the establishment of university clubs, the opening of new schools and active promotional efforts from the government and associations alike. On June 30, 1985, the first Taekkyon tournament since 70 years was held in Busan. Song Deok-Gi died on 23 July 1987, at the age of 94. In November 2011, Taekkyon was recognized by UNESCO and placed on its Intangible Cultural Heritage List, being honored as the first martial art on UNESCO's list, the other being Ssireum.

Taekkyon utilizes a wide variety of techniques including kicks, fist and elbow strikes, pressure point attacks, joint locks, head butt and grapples. The whole body is used in each movement. Modern Taekkyon schools teach a great variety of kicks, low and high, as well as jumps. Sweeps with straight forward low kicks using the ball of the foot and the heel and flowing crescent-like high kicks. There are many kicks that move the leg outward from the middle, called gyeot chagi, inward from the outside using the side of the heels and the side of the feet; the art uses tricks like inward trips, wall-jumping, fake-outs and slide-stepping. The basic steps are geometric and at the core of all advanced movement. All movements are natural to the human body; the movements of Taekkyon are fluid with the practitioners moving. One of its most striking characteristics is the motion called gumsil or ogeum jil: It is a constant bending and stretching of one's knees, giving the art a dance-like appearance; this motion is used in the Korea mask dance talchum, so both arts look similar in a way: the art is like a dance in which the fighter changes stance from left to righ

Trelawney Stud

Trelawney Stud is New Zealand’s oldest commercial Thoroughbred horse stud farm. It was established in 1930 by Seton Otway near New Zealand, it has a number of top quality stallions including Carnegie. Seton Otway’s stud foundation was commenced when he purchased several mares with impeccable female families. Unable to purchase well-performed mares he bought half-sisters to top performers but not outstanding horses themselves, his early acquisitions included Persis and Lady Marie, who established families of major stakes-winners in New Zealand and Australia. The site of the present stud farm was established when Seton Otway purchased a run-down, 300-acre, dairy farm on the banks of the Waikato River, on the North Island of New Zealand; this was to become the famous Trelawney Stud and the future home of some of Australasia’s top thoroughbreds and racehorses. In 1935, Seton Otway purchased and imported the sire Foxbridge, a good racehorse in England, for £2,625, he became one of New Zealand's most successful stallions and brood-mare sires for eleven consecutive seasons.

Another successful Trelawney Stud stallion was Alcimedes, a winner over distances from seven furlongs to 10½ f. Alcimedes' first crop included the Melbourne Cup winner Galilee, his progeny raced in Australia, including Divide and Rule and Silver Knight a Melbourne Cup winner and in turn the sire of 1984 Melbourne Cup winner, Black Knight. Alcimedes sired the winners of 20 races in South Africa; the Trelawney brand has been carried by seven Melbourne Cup winners: Foxzami, Galilee, Hi Jinx, Silver Knight, Polo Prince the champion racehorse Tulloch, who all spent the early part of their lives at Trelawney Stud. Trelawney Stud was owned by Australian businessman, Robert Holmes à Court and his Heytesbury Stud. During the early 1990s Trelawney Stud was purchased from Robert Holmes à Court by the Taylor family. In 2006, Trelawney stood Van Nistelrooy, a US$6.4 million yearling. Trelawney Stud’s first million dollar yearling, a son of Redoute’s Choice out of the stakes winning-mare National Treasure, sold for A$1.5 million at the 2009 Inglis Yearling Sale in Sydney.

Thoroughbred racing in New Zealand Trelawney Stud Leonard Seton Otway

Wrattonbully, South Australia

Wrattonbully is a locality located within the Naracoorte Lucindale Council in the Limestone Coast in the south east of South Australia about 327 kilometres south east of the Adelaide city centre. Wrattonbully gives its name to the Wrattonbully wine region. Wrattonbully was established following World War II in 1946 as a soldier settlement scheme. Seventeen farms were allocated to returned soldiers; the community hall was established in 1958. Wrattonbully shares a single CFS brigade with the neighbouring locality of Joanna. Wrattonbully is located within the federal Division of Barker, the state electoral district of MacKillop, the local government area of the Naracoorte Lucindale Council. Notes Citations Media related to Wrattonbully, South Australia at Wikimedia Commons

Social Register

The Social Register is a semi-annual publication in the United States that indexes the members of American high society. First published in the 1880s by newspaper columnist Louis Keller, it was acquired by Malcolm Forbes. Since 2014, it has been owned by Christopher Wolf. Long a directory of well-connected, patrician families from the northeast United States, it has, in recent years, diversified both in the geography and ethnicity of those it lists. At the same time, its importance as an arbiter of class has waned. In antebellum New York City, the social elite was still a small enough group that no formal method of tracking individuals was necessary. With the advent of the Gilded Age, fashionable ladies began the practice of leaving calling cards at the homes of other notable women whom they visited. In 1887, Louis Keller, a newspaper society columnist and golf promoter, compiled the names of those on the visiting lists of the most prominent New York women into a published volume titled the Social Register.

Inclusion in the registry was done under the supervision of an anonymous advisory committee composed of some of those listed. This first edition of the Social Register listed more than 5,000 people, most of whom were descended from early American settler families. Joseph Pulitzer was the only Jew to be listed, people from new money were not included; the register, it has been noted, was much a product of Gilded Age excess. By World War I, the Social Register had expanded into a multi-volume annual which included listings of Society members in 26 U. S. cities. Following Keller's death in 1924, the Social Register passed to several of his heirs. In 1926, a single city edition cost $6.00 and the full set of American editions cost $50.00. A 1973 column in The New York Times about that year's Social Register observed that – unlike males listed – the volume did not list the universities attended by females, unless they were students: "The fact that Mazie Cox is a 1967 graduate of Smith is not mentioned, although pains are taken to indicate that she is a member of the Colony Club, the Daughters of the Cincinnati and the Colonial Dames of America."

It noted that married women who chose to retain their maiden names would be listed under the surname of their husband regardless. In 1976, ownership of the Social Register was acquired by Malcolm Forbes and, the following year, he re-consolidated the various city books back into a single volume for the whole of the United States. A study of the 1988 Social Register found that 10 percent of those listed resided in Manhattan with the Upper East Side zip code of 10021 hosting the greatest concentration of listed persons; the Forbes family retained ownership of the Social Register until 2014, when it was sold to Christopher Wolf, a "longtime, listed member". Inclusion in the Social Register has been limited to members of polite society, members of the American upper class and The Establishment, and/or those of "old money" or White Anglo-Saxon Protestant families, within the Social Register cities. According to McNamee and Miller: "the acronym WASP... is exemplified by the Social Register, a list of prominent upper-class families first compiled in 1887...

There is great continuity across generations among the names included in these volumes." The cities are Rhode Island. C.. In European countries, similar directories for the perceived upper class, such as Burke's Peerage and Landed Gentry in the United Kingdom, have been published for centuries. According to the Robb Report, inclusion in the Social Register "bespeaks old money, Ivy League, trust funds, privileges of birth, fox hunting, debutante balls, polo, distinguished forebears, family compounds in the Adirondacks, a pedigree studded with 19th-century robber barons". However, while inclusion in the Social Register was once so important for members of Society that, according to Brooke Astor, "if someone wasn't listed, you just didn't know them", by the late 1990s its influence had waned. In 2002, novelist Tom Wolfe said that he no longer heard regular reference to the Social Register and opined that the "world of social luster has been so overshadowed by celebrities that it doesn’t have any kick anymore".

Printed editions of The Social Register have long been bound in black with pumpkin lettering. Each edition includes, in epigram, a quote by Thomas Jefferson: A person's listing in the Register includes contact information, schools attended, the social and country clubs to which he or she belongs. Many institutions and organizations are cited necessitating an extensive system of abbreviations; as of 1917: Subsequent years offered guides for Connecticut. Traditionally, wealth or fame have been insufficient for inclusion in the Social Register. A 1985 article reported that "enrollees need plenty of green and lily white". Listing in the Social Register has been through birth: Children born to a person listed in the Social Register are, in turn, added. Persons have been permitted to apply for inclusion in the Social Register; such applications require letters of sponsorship from five persons listed, followed by vetting from