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Middle-distance running

Middle-distance running events are track races longer than sprints, up to 3000 metres. The standard middle distances are the 800 metres, 1500 metres and mile run, although the 3000 metres may be classified as a middle-distance event; the 1500 m came about as a result of running ​3 3⁄4 laps of a 400 m outdoor track or ​7 1⁄2 laps of a 200 m indoor track, which were commonplace in continental Europe in the 20th century. A uncommon middle-distance event, sometimes run by sprinters for muscle stamina training; this was a popular distance indoors, when imperial distances were common. In the days of wood, 11 laps to a mile tracks common prior to metrication, this was one lap longer than a quarter mile. In 1882, American Lon Myers set what was a world record at 600 yards, running it in 1:11.4. The event was a common event for most American students because it was one of the standardized test events as part of the President's Award on Physical Fitness. In the early 1970s, Martin McGrady was unsuccessful at longer or shorter races, but made his reputation, set world records and drew many fans to arenas to watch him race elite Olympians at this odd distance.

This middle distance length is rather uncommon, is run by sprinters wishing to test their endurances at a longer distance. Like other middle distance races, it evolved from the 600 yard race; the 600 m is used as an early season stepping stone by 800 m runners before they have reached full race fitness. Johnny Gray holds the record for men: 1:12.81, Santa Monica, 24 May 1986. Ana Fidelia Quirot holds the women's record: 1:22.63, Guadalajara, 25 July 1997. The 800 m consists of two laps around a standard 400 m track, has always been an Olympic event, it was included in the first women's track programme in 1928, but suspended until 1960 because of shock and the exhaustion it caused the competitors. Without the benefits of modern training, men of the era were, in contrast, expected to run themselves to complete exhaustion during competitions. David Rudisha is the current recordholder: 1:40.91, London, 9 August 2012. Jarmila Kratochvílová set the current women's record: 1:53.28, Munich, 26 July 1983.

The 880-yard run, or half mile, was the forebear to the 800 m distance and has its roots in competitions in the United Kingdom in the 1830s. This distance is not raced, though it is more common than the 500 m event is for sprinters; this is raced as an indoor men's heptathlon event, or as an indoor high school event. In 1881, Lon Myers set what was a world record at 1000 yards, running it in 2:13.0. The men's record is held by Noah Ngeny. See 1000 metres world record progression. Three laps. A distance raced on its own, but raced as part of the distance medley relay. There is no recorded world records or world bests. However, Hicham El Guerrouj is believed to be the fastest man at this distance: 2:44.75, Rieti, 2002. Known as the metric mile, this is a premier middle-distance race, covering three and three-quarter laps around a standard Olympic-sized track. In recent years, races over this distance have become more of a prolonged sprint, with each lap averaging 55 seconds for the world record performance by Hicham El Guerrouj of Morocco: 3:26.00 on 14 July 1998 at Rome.

Thus, speed is necessary, it seems that the more aerobic conditioning, the better. Genzebe Dibaba from Ethiopia holds the women's world record: 3:50.07 set in Monaco on 17 July 2015. This is a difficult distance at which to compete mentally, in addition to being one of the more tactical middle-distance track events; the distance is witness to some of the most tactical, physical races in the sport, as many championship races are won in the final few metres. At four laps of a normal 400 m track, this distance is raced as a near replacement for the mile; the 1600 meters is the official distance for this range of races in US high schools. While this race is run outside high school and collegiate invitational competition, it has been held at the international level; the 1500 m, however, is the most common distance run at international levels. The final leg of a distance medley relay is 1600 metres. An accurate way to run an actual mile on a metric track is to run the additional 9.344 meters before starting the first marked 400 meter lap.

Many tracks high-level tracks, will have a waterfall starting line drawn 9.344 meters back for this purpose. Otherwise, on a metric track, there will be a relay zone 10 meters before the common start/finish line marked by a triangle pointed toward the finish. In many configurations, that triangle is about half a meter wide, making its point close to the mile start line, which would be less than two feet from the marked relay zone; this length of middle-distance race, 1,760 yards, is common in countries that do not use the metric system, is still referred to as the "Blue Riband" of the track. When the International Amateur Athletic Federation decided in 1976 to recognize only world records for metric distances, it made an exception for the mile and records are kept to this day; the mile took the place that the 1500 m has today. It is still raced on the world class level, but only at select occasions, like the famous Wanamaker Mile, held annually at the Millrose Games. Running a m

2011 D.C. United Women season

The 2011 D. C. United Women season was the team's inaugural season. For the 2011 season, D. C. United Women played in the W-League, the second tier of women's professional soccer in the United States and Canada in the Northeast Division of the Eastern Conference. United began the season on May 25 and concluded the regular season on July 10, they won their first match against the New York Magic 3–0 with goals by Christine Nairn and Bri Hovington. The team finished the regular season with a 5-3-2 record, tied on points for second place in the division with the New Jersey Wildcats. However, they lost the tiebreaker on head-to-head competition and therefore fell short of making the W-League playoffs; the D. C. United Women played their inaugural match against New Jersey fielding a lineup which featured two former USWNT players. Division1New Jersey were deducted one point for roster violations As of June 6, 2011Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Updated to match played July 12, 2011Source

List of state leaders in 1544

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, other rulers in the year 1544. Kingdom of Baguirmi – Lubatko Ethiopian EmpireGelawdewos Kingdom of KongoPeter I, Manikongo Sennar Sultanate – Nayil Songhai EmpireAskia Ishaq I, Askia of the Songhai Empire Aceh Sultanate, Alauddin al-Kahar Ahom KingdomSuklenmung Ayutthaya KingdomChairachathirat China - Jiajing Emperor Jaffna KingdomCankili I Japan Monarch – Emperor Go-Nara Ashikaga shogunate - Ashikaga Yoshiharu Joseon - Jungjong Injong Mughal EmpireSher Shah Suri Ryukyu KingdomShō Sei Safavid EmpireTahmasp I, Shah of Iran Sultanate of Sulu – Muizzul-Mutawadi-in Vijayanagara EmpireAliya Rama Raya Crimean KhanateSahib I Giray Kingdom of Denmark and NorwayChristian III Duchy of Schleswig – Adolphus, Christian III, John II in condominial rule Kingdom of EnglandHenry VIII Kingdom of FranceFrancis I Holy Roman EmpireCharles V Republic of Genoa – Andrea Centurione Pietrasanta, Doge of Genoa Duchy of Holstein – Adolphus, Christian III, John II in condominial rule Hungary - Royal HungaryFerdinand I Eastern Hungarian KingdomJohn II Sigismund Zápolya MoldaviaPetru Rareş, Voivode of Moldavia Kingdom of NavarreHenry II d'Albret Ottoman EmpireSuleiman the Magnificent Papal StatesPope Paul III Kingdom of PolandSigismund I the Old Kingdom of Portugal and the AlgarvesJohn III Grand Duchy of MoscowIvan IV, the Terrible, Grand Prince of Moscow Duchy of SavoyCharles III Kingdom of ScotlandMary, Queen of Scots Kingdom of SpainCharles I Kingdom of SwedenGustav I Vasa Republic of VenicePietro Lando, Doge of Venice