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Middle of the road (music)

Middle of the road is a commercial radio format and popular music genre. Music associated with this term is melodic and uses techniques of vocal harmony and light orchestral arrangements; the format was rebranded as soft adult contemporary. According to music academic Norman Abjorensen, "middle of the road" has referred to a commercial radio format more than a music genre, although "it has been used to describe a broad type of music" of numerous styles characterized by vocal harmony techniques, prominent melodies, subtle orchestral arrangements. MOR is somewhat used as a derogatory term for this type of music. Radio stations that played beautiful music during the 1960s and 1970s were marketed as "MOR radio" in order to differentiate them from related soft adult contemporary and smooth jazz stations. According to Robert Christgau "sophistication is the cultural imperialism" of MOR. Soft rock groups like the Association, the 5th Dimension, Simon & Garfunkel infiltrated the MOR market in the late 1960s.

Writing in Christgau's Record Guide: The'80s, Robert Christgau said MOR "applied to radio formats that shun or put stringent tempo and volume restrictions on rock, although'lite' and'adult contemporary' are now the preferred evasions." The middle of the road music category has traditionally included these genres: Easy listening Traditional pop music of the pre-rock & roll era. The 50,000-watt AM radio stations WLW in Ohio. Though it was not a 50,000-watt station, WMAL in Washington DC achieved some of the highest ratings and revenue of all radio stations in the country by programming MOR music, News and popular announcers. In time, as the listener demographic groups aged and popular music migrated to FM radio, MOR stations found themselves competing with adult contemporary FM stations and AM stations broadcasting the Music of Your Life and adult standards formats. In response, most transmitted only news and talk programs. MOR were still available as late as 2013. Many of the styles and genres of music that had traditionally been heard on MOR formatted stations are heard on adult standards formatted stations.

In recent years, the term "middle of the road" has been used pejoratively by genre-specific music aficionados to describe musicians who avoid "edgy" material, who calibrate their musical appeal to commercial, popular musical taste. Artists such as Westlife, Kenny Rogers and Train are considered middle-of-the-road musicians. Moreover, MOR has been used to pejoratively describe a musical band's creative and commercial progress from the innovative path to the tried-and-true-pop-catalogue path. For example, Pitchfork Media's review of Duran Duran's Rio states: "The band peppered the 80s with a number of hot singles before departing for MOR country." Full service radio Traditional pop music Album-oriented rock Adult contemporary MOR Music TV, a defunct music video channel with a home shopping element that carried MOR artists Engstrom, Erika. "Middle of the Road Format". In Sterling, Christopher H.. Encyclopedia of Radio. Routledge. ISBN 1135456496

Harper County, Oklahoma

Harper County is a county located in the U. S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,685, making it the fourth-least populous county in Oklahoma; the county seat is Buffalo. It was created in 1907 from the northwestern part of Woodward County, named for Oscar Green Harper, clerk of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention. During the late 19th Century, the area now known as Harper County was part of the Cherokee Outlet, reserved for use by the Cherokee Nation by treaties in 1828 and 1835, The U. S. government opened the outlet for settlement by non-Indians in 1893. The area was divided into counties after the formation of. Harper County was created in 1907, it was named for Oscar Green Harper, a local resident, school teacher, served as clerk of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention. The present county lay on several trails. One of the most significant was the Fort Dodge to Camp Supply Military Trail, it was used followed in 1868 by the U. S. Army's Seventh Cavalry, to move supplies to build Camp Supply.

The Great Western Trail was first used between South Texas and Fort Robinson, Nebraska, in 1874. The Cimarron Valley Turnpike Company built a bridge over the Cimarron River in 1908 to facilitate travel between Englewood and Oklahoma. A 1908 election was held to determine whether Doby Springs would become the county seat. Buffalo won the election. Doby Springs ceased to be a town and is now a park in Buffalo. Other ghost towns in the county are Paruna, Avis, Cross, Alto and Stockholm. Railroads first came to Harper County in 1912, when the Wichita Falls and Northwestern Railway, a subsidiary of the Missouri and Texas Railway, built a line through Dunlap, May and Rosston; the locally owned Buffalo and Northwestern Railroad, connected Buffalo with Waynoka in 1919-20. The Atchison and Santa Fe Railway acquired the B&NW in 1920; the MK&T line was abandoned in 1970. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,041 square miles, of which 1,039 square miles is land and 2.0 square miles is water.

The county is drained by the North Canadian River. Comanche County, Kansas Woods County Woodward County Ellis County Beaver County Clark County, Kansas As of the census of 2000, there were 3,562 people, 1,509 households, 1,030 families residing in the county; the population density was 3 people per square mile. There were 1,863 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.87% White, 0.03% Black or African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.36% from other races, 0.70% from two or more races. 5.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,509 households out of which 28.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.70% were non-families. 29.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 23.40% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, 21.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $33,705, the median income for a family was $40,907. Males had a median income of $27,896 versus $20,784 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,011. About 7.10% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 4.00% of those age 65 or over. Buffalo Doby Springs Laverne May Rosston Selman National Register of Historic Places listings in Harper County, Oklahoma Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Harper County Harper County Oklahoma Tourism Website Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory

Nguyễn Văn Cốc

Nguyễn Văn Cốc is a former North Vietnamese MiG-21 fighter ace of the Vietnamese People's Air Force's 921st Fighter Regiment. Nguyễn Văn Cốc was born in the Việt Yên District of the province of Bắc Giang in French Indochina, north of Hanoi; when he was 5 years old, his father, Nguyen Van Bay and his uncle, were killed by the French. Fearing further trouble with the French, his mother moved the family. Nguyễn spent the rest of his childhood near Chu air base. Nguyễn Văn Cốc attended Ngô Sĩ Liên school in Bắc Giang and upon completion of his schooling, enlisted in the Quan Chung Khong Quan in 1961 and underwent his initial training at Cat Bi Airbase in Haiphong. Nguyễn subsequently spent four years undergoing pilot training in the Soviet Union at the Bataysk and Krasnodar Soviet Air Force bases. Of the 120 trainees dispatched in Nguyễn's draft to the Soviet Union, he was one of seven who graduated as a MiG-17 pilot. After a brief spell back in North Vietnam serving with the 921st Sao Do Fighter Regiment, he returned to the Soviet Union and underwent conversion training to the MiG-21 in a two-seat Mig-21U, before returning to the 921st Fighter Regiment in June 1965.

He began operational flying in December 1965. On 2 January 1967, he was among a group of pilots who fell into a trap set by the United States Air Force's 8th Tactical Fighter Wing. Nguyễn Văn Cốc and four other Vietnamese pilots were shot down. All ejected safely. Flying a MIG-21PF, Nguyễn Văn Cốc served as a wingman, he scored all his victories using the heat-seeking R-3S Atoll missile. In 1969, Nguyễn Văn Cốc was awarded a Huy Hiệu medal for each of his nine claimed kills; the end of Operation Rolling Thunder on 31 October 1968 removed him from the opportunity for further air combat. In that year, Nguyễn Văn Cốc was transferred from operational duties so that his valuable combat experience could be put to use in training new pilots. Among the pilots he trained was Nguyen Duc Soat. After the war, Nguyễn Văn Cốc remained with the Vietnamese People's Air Force, retiring with the rank of Chief Inspector in 2002 after declining health. Nine air-to-air combat kills of United States aircraft and two AQM-34 Firebee UAV kills were credited to him during the Vietnam War.

Of these, seven have been acknowledged by the United States Air Force. While sometimes U. S. forces may have attributed aircraft losses to surface-to-air missiles, since it was considered "less embarrassing", in fact there was doubt about cause of the loss. Coc claimed an F-4 Phantom and F-105 Thunderchief in November and 17 December 1967 but there are no corresponding American losses; the following kills, while flying the MiG-21, have been credited to Van Coc by the VPAF: 30 April 1967: USAF F-105D piloted by Robert A. Abbott of the USAF 355th TFW; this was his first air victory and occurred while he was acting as a wingman to Nguyen Ngoc Do, who downed an aircraft. 23 August 1967: USAF F-4D of Major Charles R. Tyler and Captain R. N. Sittner of the 555th Tactical Fighter Squadron. Tyler was captured and Sittner was killed. 9 October 1967: USAF F-105D piloted by Clements. 18 November 1967: USAF F-105F of Oscar Dardeau and Edward Leinhoff. 20 November 1967: USAF F-105D piloted by Butler. 3 February 1968: USAF F-102A piloted by 1st Lt. Wallace L. Wiggins of the 509th FIS/405th FIW. 23 February 1968: F-4D of Guttersen and Donald.

7 May 1968: On the afternoon of 7 May 1968, three flights of MiG-21 fighters from the VPAF 921st Regiment were flying towards Tho Xuan Air Base, as part of redeployment in response to the U. S. bombing halt above the 19th Parallel. The flights were led by Nguyen Van Minh and Nguyen Van Coc. Due to the lack of coordination between the different sections of the VPAF 921st Fighter Regiment and the ground-based air-defense forces, the MiG-21 flights were mistakenly identified as U. S. were fired upon by North Vietnamese anti-aircraft artillery. Moments Ngu mistook an escorting flight of MiG-21 fighters flown by Nguyen Dang Kinh and Nguyen Van Lung for U. S. fighters. He dropped his fuel tanks to prepare for an attack, promptly aborted when he realized they were North Vietnamese. Ngu and Coc arrived over the skies of Do Luong, north-east of Vinh, they made three circuits over the area when they were told that enemy aircraft were detected coming from the sea. S. fighters. The U. S. flight detected were a formation of five F-4B Phantom II from Fighter Squadron 92, USS Enterprise, led by Lieutenant Commander Ejnar S. Christensen.

Over North Vietnamese airspace, a U. S. Navy EKA-3A electronic warfare aircraft tried to jam North Vietnamese communications but failed, Nhu’s flight of MiG-21 fighters was guided towards their target by ground controllers. While trying to engage the VPAF MiGs, the F-4B formation became separated due to confusion in radar control. In the ensuing dogfight, two AIM-7 missiles were fired by the U. S. Navy missed. Ngu noticed two F-4B Phantoms about 5 kilometers to starboard, but could not get into a suitable firing position. Coc was right behind Ngu at the time, but he wanted to disengage from the fight as his aircraft was running low on fuel. However, Coc changed his mind after he spotted an F-4B ahead of him at an altitude of 2,500 meters. Coc gave chase to the F-4B, which were flying out to sea, scored a hit after he fired two R-3S Atoll missiles from an altitude of 1,500 meters; the F-4B Phantom II burst into flames and crash

Jocky Wilson

John Thomas "Jocky" Wilson was a Scottish professional darts player from Kirkcaldy, Scotland. After turning pro in 1979, he rose to the top of the game, winning the World Professional Darts Championship in 1982 again in 1989. Wilson competed in all major darts tournaments of the era and won the British Professional Championship a record four times between 1981 and 1988. A contemporary and rival of Eric Bristow, Bob Anderson and John Lowe, Wilson's ungainly appearance and rough-hewn lifestyle belied his prowess in the sport, he was dogged by health problems and retired from the game on 23 December 1995. He withdrew from public life, was seen in public or gave interviews before his death in March 2012; as a child, Wilson's parents were deemed unfit to raise him and Wilson spent much of his childhood in an orphanage. He began playing in a local pub in Kirkcaldy where the landlady supported his interest in darts by giving him a used board to practise on. Wilson served in the British Army from 1966 to 1968.

He worked as a coal delivery man, fish processor, a miner at Kirkcaldy's Seafield Colliery. However, it was a spell of unemployment, to prove the catalyst to Wilson achieving darting greatness. In 1979 during this period of unemployment, he entered a darts competition at Butlins, which he went on to win, claiming the top prize of £500, his success in this tournament convinced him. In 1981 he beat world number one Eric Bristow and Cliff Lazarenko of England in the BDO Nations Cup final, his Scotland teammates in the 5-4 win were Angus Ross. His greatest achievements came in the World Championships, first in 1982 where he beat Lowe 5-3 in the final, seven years when he beat his other great rival Bristow 6-4 in a classic match, where Bristow had recovered from 5-0 down to 5-4 and 2-2 in the tenth set; this was to be the Scot's last taste of success in a major event although the odd final appearance still came over the next few years. His record at the World Championship was one of great consistency.

From his debut in 1979 until 1991 he managed to reach at least the quarter-finals on every single occasion. He was quarter-finalist eight times and three-times a losing semi-finalist in addition to his two World titles. In 1992 and 1993 he suffered, he made several guest appearances on television including the popular darts themed quiz show'Bullseye' hosted by Jim Bowen, on 28 November 1982, produced by Central Television. In the television documentary, "Eric Bristow: Sports Life Stories", Bristow described various psychological ploys he used against his opponents to "scramble their heads", he added that in response the only two opponents who would look him in the eye at the handshake at the start of a game were Wilson and Lowe, saying that like himself they had "no fear". He referred to Wilson's unorthodox style such as a tendency to jerk his shoulder on throwing the third dart. Bristow commented though that despite this, it seemed to have no detrimental effect on the accuracy, describing Wilson as "a one off".

Bristow stated though that Wilson's sporting demise was due to the increasing volumes of alcoholic spirits Wilson would consume remarking,'At the end he was doing a 40 oz bottle'. Wilson joined the other top professionals who split away from the ruling British Darts Organisation in 1993 to form the WDC, he was not able to recapture the form that took him to two world championships however, only participated in two PDC World Championships, failing to win a single match. He lost both group games in 1994 and again in 1995. One of the highlights of Wilson's 3 years in the WDC was him reaching the final of the 1993 WDC Skol UK Matchplay in March 1993, broadcast on ITV and played on quadro dartboards. Wilson became one of the few players to have hit 240 on television during a visit to the dart board, by getting 3 darts in the quadruple 20, during his semi final victory over John Lowe. Wilson lost the final to Dennis Priestley. Wilson reached the quarter-finals of the 1994 World Matchplay, losing to eventual champion Larry Butler.

Wilson's final appearance in a televised tournament came in the 1995 World Matchplay. He lost to Nigel Justice in the second round. Wilson never appeared in a major televised event again. In 1982, Wilson was temporarily banned from competing in darts tournaments after he threw a punch at an official during a championship; this was taken as a reaction to Jocky's being under intense pressure at the time of the Falklands War, as he was married to an Argentine woman named Malvina. He was soon allowed back into professional competitions again. Jocky and Malvina had two sons and William, one daughter, Anne Marie. Wilson was a constant sweet-eater and refused to brush his teeth. Following his 1982 World title win, he never took to them, they made. Wilson never formally announced his retirement from darts, it is believed that he left after being diagnosed with diabetes, which stopped him drinking during games. For ten years during his darts career he had a house in Wallsend to cut down on travel expenses, but he left that to return to his home town of Kirkcaldy.

In 1996 he said, "

Dude, You're Screwed

Dude, You're Screwed is an American reality survival show which premiered on the Discovery Channel on December 8, 2013. The show is a competition between survival experts who take turns dropping each other in dangerous areas of the world. For each episode the goal is to find civilization within 100 hours, using only the survival kit provided and whatever they can sneak in with them; the series is hosted by survival experts who take turns being the contestant. The hosts are. Matt Graham - Primitive skills specialist. Master of the atlatl. John Hudson - Former helicopter pilot for the British Royal Air Force, John wrote the current SERE manual used by UK special forces. Tom Moore - Served 16 years as a pathfinder in the US Army. Survival instructor. Terry Schappert - United States Army National Guard Special Forces veteran. Chris Swanda - Backwoods survivalist, preparedness expert, survival consultant. Jake Zweig - Former US Navy Seal. Official website Dude, You're Screwed on IMDb

Mark Alexander Wynter-Blyth

Mark Alexander Wynter-Blyth was an English schoolteacher and amateur naturalist who wrote one of the first field guides to the butterflies of the Indian region. He was involved in censuses of the Asiatic lion at the Gir forest. Wynter-Blyth was born at Harrow-on-the-Hill, studied at Sedbergh School and Magdalene College, Cambridge, he took an interest in nature study while still a student and moved to India in 1936 to become a house master at Bishop Cotton School. He became headmaster of the preparatory school and here his meeting with A E Jones, an amateur lepidopterist, made him interested in butterflies. In 1941 he moved to the Nilgiris to take up a position as headmaster at St. George's School in Ketti. During the war, he was called to service but found unfit for active service and declined a staff appointment. In 1946 he moved to Saurashtra as a private tutor and from 1948 to 1963 until his death, he was the principal of the Rajkumar College, Rajkot, a school founded and run by the Princely Order of Kathiawar.

He died in Switzerland of coronary thrombosis on 16 April 1963. His book, Butterflies of the Indian Region published by the Bombay Natural History Society in 1957 was for a long time the only handy guide to butterflies in India. Rajkumar College Mark Alexander Wynter-Blyth August 16, 1906 - April 16, 1963: Principal of the Rajkumar College, Rajkot - 1948-1963 by Lavkumar Khachar When the Last Lion Roars: The Rise and Fall of the King of the Beasts Bibliographie générale sur les monts Nilgiri de l'Inde du sud 1603-1996 By Paul Hockings:WYNTER-BLYTH, Mark Alexander 4494. 1943 XVII.— Note on Curetis Species at Kallar. JBNHS, 43: 671-72. 4495. 19 4 4 The Butterflies of the Nilgiris. JBNHS An educationalist who loved butterflies THE ASIATIC LIONS OF SASAN-GIR: The first modern day count of lions was done by Mark Alexander Wynter-Blyth, the Principal of Rajkumar College, Rajkot sometime between 1948 to 1963 early in his tenure WYNTER-BLYTH,Eileen Mary died 12th June 1989: wife of Mr Wynter-Blyth Both sexes of the butterfly have tawny wings with veins marked with broad black.

S. Dharmakumarsinhji sometime between 1948 and 1963 early in his tenure