Black is the darkest color, the result of the absence or complete absorption of visible light. It is an achromatic color a color without hue, like white and gray, it is used symbolically or figuratively to represent darkness, while white represents light. Black and white have been used to describe opposites. Since the Middle Ages, black has been the symbolic color of solemnity and authority, for this reason is still worn by judges and magistrates. Black was one of the first colors used by artists in neolithic cave paintings. In the 14th century, it was worn by royalty, clergy and government officials in much of Europe, it became the color worn by English romantic poets and statesmen in the 19th century, a high fashion color in the 20th century. In the Roman Empire, it became the color of mourning, over the centuries it was associated with death, evil and magic. According to surveys in Europe and North America, it is the color most associated with mourning, the end, magic, violence and elegance.
Black ink is the most common color used for printing books and documents, as it provides the highest contrast with white paper and thus the easiest color to read. Black text on a white screen is the most common format used on computer screens; the word black comes from Old English blæc, from Proto-Germanic *blakkaz, from Proto-Indo-European *bhleg-, from base *bhel-, related to Old Saxon blak, Old High German blach, Old Norse blakkr, Dutch blaken, Swedish bläck. More distant cognates include Latin flagrare, Ancient Greek phlegein; the Ancient Greeks sometimes used the same word to name different colors, if they had the same intensity. Kuanos' could mean both dark black; the Ancient Romans had two words for black: ater was a flat, dull black, while niger was a brilliant, saturated black. Ater has vanished from the vocabulary, but niger was the source of the country name Nigeria the English word Negro and the word for "black" in most modern Romance languages. Old High German had two words for black: swartz for dull black and blach for a luminous black.
These are parallelled in Middle English by the terms swart for dull black and blaek for luminous black. Swart still survives as the word swarthy. In heraldry, the word used for the black color is sable, named for the black fur of the sable, an animal. Black was one of the first colors used in art; the Lascaux Cave in France contains drawings of bulls and other animals drawn by paleolithic artists between 18,000 and 17,000 years ago. They began by using charcoal, made more vivid black pigments by burning bones or grinding a powder of manganese oxide. For the ancient Egyptians, black had positive associations, it was the color of Anubis, the god of the underworld, who took the form of a black jackal, offered protection against evil to the dead. For the ancient Greeks, black was the color of the underworld, separated from the world of the living by the river Acheron, whose water was black; those who had committed the worst sins were sent to the deepest and darkest level. In the center was the palace of Hades, the king of the underworld, where he was seated upon a black ebony throne.
Black was one of the most important colors used by ancient Greek artists. In the 6th century BC, they began making black-figure pottery and red figure pottery, using a original technique. In black-figure pottery, the artist would paint figures with a glossy clay slip on a red clay pot; when the pot was fired, the figures painted with the slip would turn black, against a red background. They reversed the process, painting the spaces between the figures with slip; this created magnificent red figures against a glossy black background. In the social hierarchy of ancient Rome, purple was the color reserved for the Emperor; the black they wore was not rich. In Latin, the word for black, ater and to darken, were associated with cruelty and evil, they were the root of the English words "atrocious" and "atrocity". Black was the Roman color of death and mourning. In the 2nd century BC Roman magistrates began to wear a dark toga, called a toga pulla, to funeral ceremonies. Under the Empire, the family of the deceased wore dark colors for a long period.
In Roman poetry, death was called the black hour. The German and Scandinavian peoples worshipped their own goddess of the night, Nótt, who crossed the sky in a chariot drawn by a black horse, they feared Hel, the goddess of the kingdom of the dead, whose skin was black on one side and red on the other. They held sacred the raven, they believed that Odin, the king of the Nordic pantheon, had two black ravens and Muninn, who served as his agents, traveling the world for him and listening. In the early Middle Ages, black was associated with darkness and evil. In Medieval paintings, the devil was depicted as havin
Little Britain Merchants
The Little Britain Merchants are a junior C ice hockey team based in Little Britain, Canada. They played in the Central Ontario Junior C Hockey League of the Ontario Hockey Association until the 2016–17 season when the league became the Orr Division of the Provincial Junior Hockey League; the Little Britain Merchants were founded in 1978 as members of the Southern Counties Junior D Hockey League. In 1984, the Merchants move to the Central Lakeshore Junior C Hockey League. Two year the league merged with the Quinte-St. Lawrence Junior C Hockey League and formed the Central Ontario Junior C Hockey League; the expansion of the Merchants was to fill the void left by the folding of the Stouffville Clippers. The Merchants advanced to the Central Lakeshore Final that season where they would be swept by the Bowmanville Eagles who went on to the Clarence Schmalz Cup semifinals. In the 1997–98 season, the Merchants finished first overall in the Central Ontario league regular season with 27 wins in 40 games.
The Merchants won their first league championship that season and advanced to the Clarence Schmalz Cup semifinals where they were defeated by the eventual Schmalz Cup Champions Glanbrook Rangers of the Niagara District League. The Merchants finished the 2005–06 regular season in second place overall. In the league semi-final, the Merchants drew the third seeded Uxbridge Bruins where the series went the full seven games with the Bruins taking the series 4-games-to-3; the 2006–07 regular season ended with the Merchants finishing in third place overall. Their semi-final opponent was the second seeded Port Perry Mojacks, which again went to a game seven before the Merchants were elimated. Little Britain won their second league championship in 2009–10 when they upset the defending champion Uxbridge Bruins; the Merchants advanced to the Clarence Schmalz Cup quarterfinals against the Empire B champion Napanee Raiders. The series featured each team winning at home with the Raiders advancing in seven games.
Midland is a town located on Georgian Bay in Simcoe County, Canada. It is part of the Huronia/Wendat region of Central Ontario. Situated at the southern end of Georgian Bay's 30,000 Islands, Midland is the economic centre of the region, with a 125-bed hospital and a local airport, it is the main town of the southern Georgian Bay area. In the summer months, the area's population grows to over 100,000 with seasonal visitors to more than 8,000 cottages, resort hotels and national parks in the surrounding municipalities of Penetanguishene and Tay; the town of Midland was founded when, in 1871, the Midland Railway of Canada selected the sparsely populated community of Mundy's Bay as the new terminus of the Midland railway. At that time the Midland railway ran from Port Hope to Beaverton; the town site was surveyed in 1872–3 and the line to the town was completed by 1879. Settlers, attracted by the convenience of rail service, soon began to move into the area; the company sold off lots in town to help finance the settlement.
The village thrived based on the lumber and grain trade. Incorporated into a town in 1890, a number of light industrial companies have established themselves in the area and tourism in the southern Georgian Bay area contributes to the economy. On June 23, 2010, Midland was struck by an F2 tornado; the most significant damage was reported at Smith's Camp, a trailer park at the south end of the town, where several mobile homes were destroyed. At one point for the first time in 25 years, Emergency Management Ontario upgraded Environment Canada's Tornado warning to an extreme severe weather warning called "Red Alert", issued for most of Southern Ontario's cottage country due to the approaching severe weather and the possibility of violent tornadoes, informing residents in the area that they should seek shelter. In addition, a State of emergency was declared in Midland. While electrical service was knocked out for a time, there were no fatalities caused by the storm. Midland is located at the south end of the Georgian Bay and is the northern anchor of the Simcoe County.
Midland has a humid continental climate under the Köppen climate classification and has four distinct seasons. The climate has balmy summers and chilly winters. Thunderstorms, snowstorm, lake effect snow, freezing rain are commonplace for this city. In and around the centre of Midland there are a number of murals most of which were painted by now deceased artist Fred Lenz; the largest, depicting a meeting between a local native and Jesuit Missionary Jean de Brebeuf is on the silos overlooking the main harbour. This work was completed by Lenz's sons following his death in 2001. Notable sites in or near Midland include the Jesuit mission of Sainte-Marie among the Hurons, now a living museum depicting missionary life in the 17th century; the Martyrs' Shrine is a Roman Catholic church commemorating the Canadian Martyrs, eight missionaries from Sainte-Marie who were martyred during the Huron-Iroquois wars. Pope John Paul II held a pastoral meeting at this site in September 1984; the Wye Marsh Wildlife Centre is nearby.
The marsh provides habitat for black terns and least bitterns. The trumpeter swan is considered a symbol of Midland and a large statue of one has been erected by the harbour. An annual Butter tart festival is held in early June, it was inaugurated in 2013. In 2016, the fourth annual Butter tart festival sold more 100,000 butter tarts. Many tourists flock to Midland during the festival. There are two divisions: commercial; the day after the Butter tart festival is the Butter Tart Trot, a 5-km fun run for older people and a 2.5-km run for children under 5 years old. Little Lake Park is a tourist destination in the summer months; the park has a refreshment stand and a number of sports facilities including volleyball courts, a baseball field, skateboard park, disc golf course. Midland is the home of The Midland Flyers Ice Hockey Club of the Provincial Junior Hockey League in the Carruthers division in the Ontario Hockey Association, it is home of the Midland Minor Hockey Association. Midland North Simcoe Sports & Recreation Centre is the home rink to these teams.
The NSSRC is the location of the Midland Sports Hall of Fame. Boating, both power and sail, is popular with a number of marinas and a sailing club based in the town; the town has easy access to the sheltered waters of south eastern Georgian Bay. Among the marinas nearby are Bay Port Yachting Centre on the northwest side of the bay, Wye Heritage Marina along the southeast shore. There is good fishing. Midland has an ever-growing and active cycling base; the Midland Tri Club has increased the number of road riders in the area. Many of these riders participate in the popular weekly Time Trial series and group rides that run throughout the summer months. Mountain view Ski Center has encouraged the growth of mountain bikers, with an extensive trail system in town; the Center hosts a variety of races, including a summer long weekly series, as well as a night race, high school event, 9 hour relay. An MTB club has been borne of the Center, is expanding its breadth into competition and other pursuits; the provincial cyclo-cross championships are to be hosted in Midland on November 13, 2016 as part of the Silver Goose CX Race.
In the winter and ice fishing are popular activities. Mountain-view Ski Center has 25 kilometres of cross country ski trails. John W. Bald, photographer Born Ruffians, indie rock band Mark Bourrie, author
Provincial Junior Hockey League
The Provincial Junior Hockey League is a Canadian junior ice hockey league spanning parts of Southern Ontario. The PJHL is the third tier of the Ontario Hockey Association and is sanctioned by the Ontario Hockey Federation and Hockey Canada; the league was formed in 2016 with the merging of eight Junior C leagues. PJHL teams compete for the Clarence Schmalz Cup. In the works since 2014, it was announced in the spring of 2016 that the eight Junior C leagues of the Ontario Hockey Association would merge for the 2016-17 season to create the Provincial Junior Hockey League; the union was in an effort to streamline rules across the classification and to promote growth and development. The leagues that make up the PJHL are the former Central, Empire B, Georgian Mid-Ontario, Great Lakes, Niagara & District and Western. Leagues that are now the eight divisions split into four conferences; the first game in PJHL history was played on September 9, 2016 as the Walkerton Hawks hosted the Hanover Barons in Pollock Division action.
Walkerton won the game 6-2. Bolded is overall PJHL season champion based on win percentage. Listed are Division playoff champions. Bolded are Conference playoff champions. Bolded is winner of Clarence Schmalz Cup as OHA champion. Individual Season Goals: JD Falconer - 56 Assists: Ryan Casselman - 69 Points: Ryan Casselman - 117 Penalty Minutes: Mitchell Robinson - 211 Wins in Net: Riley Maskell - 27 & Brett Brochu - 27 Minutes in Net: Mathew Boere - 2187:56 Goals Against Average: Anthony Nardi - 1.40 Saves: Mathew Boere - 1396 Save Percentage: Brock MacDonald - 0.956 Shutouts: Brock MacDonald & Riley Maskell - 7 Single Game Most Goals in Game: Drake Board - 8 Most Assists in Game: Jordan Taylor - 8 & Ryan Young - 8 Most Points in Game: Matt Walilko - 10 & Drake Board - 10 Team Best Record: 2016-17 Dorchester Dolphins Worst Record: 2016-17 Campbellford Rebels Highest Goals For: 2016-17 Ayr Centennials & 2017-18 Napanee Raiders Lowest Goals For: 2016-17 Campbellford Rebels Highest Goals Against: 2017-18 Campbellford Rebels Lowest Goals Against: 2017-18 Napanee Raiders Longest Game: 115:01 -- Paris Mounties 3 - Wellesley Applejacks 2 3OT Largest Margin of Victory: Port Hope Panthers 18 - Campbellford Rebels 1 Amherstview Jets 18 - Campbellford Rebels 1 New Hamburg Firebirds 17 - Delhi Travellers 0 Highest Scoring Shutout: New Hamburg Firebirds 17 - Delhi Travellers 0 Most Goals in Game: Port Hope Panthers 18 Amherstview Jets 18 PJHL website OHA website
Great Lakes Junior C Hockey League
The Great Lakes Junior C Hockey League was a Junior "C" ice hockey league in Ontario, sanctioned by the Ontario Hockey Association. The champion of the Great Lakes competed for the All-Ontario Championship and the Clarence Schmalz Cup, it is now a division in the Provincial Junior Hockey League. The league got its start as the Border Cities Junior Hockey League in 1968, it became a Junior B and C league under the Great Lakes name in 1970 before Junior C in 1974. Out of the ashes of the old Bluewater Hockey League, a local league that sometimes operated at Junior D and Juvenile levels, came the Border Cities Junior Hockey League in 1968. In 1968-69, the league operated on both sides of the Canada-United States border; the Leamington Flyers joined the league after a lackluster year in the Western Jr. B League, with the Blenheim Golden Blades, Petrolia Jets, Dresden Jr. Kings on the Canadian side; the American teams did not participate in the OHA playoffs. Blenheim would win the Border Cities Jr. B crown with a 4-games-to-2 series win over Petrolia, while Dresden would beat Leamington 3-games-to-2 with 2 ties for the Junior C crown.
In 1969-70, the league operated as two different, but interlocked, identities - the Border Cities League and the Michigan Junior Hockey League. The Canadian teams added a fifth member - the Tilbury Bluebirds. Petrolia was named Junior B champions at the end of the year and went on to the Sutherland Cup playdowns, while Leamington beat Dresden for the Junior C championship, Blenheim beat Tilbury for a Junior D title. During the summer, the league opted to separate from its Michigan brethren, who went on to form their own league; the league received an offer from the Windsor Royals. In the Fall of 1970, the league renamed itself the Great Lakes Junior Hockey League; the 1970-71 season, the first as the Great Lakes Junior Hockey League, saw the league operating with six teams. Four of the teams in the league had opted for a Junior B designation for the playoffs: Blenheim, Petrolia and Windsor. Petrolia would take the league Junior B crown with a dominant series victory over the upstart Royals, while the Dresden Jr.
Kings shocked the Leamington Flyers. Dresden would go on to defeat the Central Ontario Junior C Hockey League's Champion, Bowmanville Red Eagles to win the league's first Provincial Championship. In the Summer of 1971, the league expanded again with the Mooretown Flags jumping in at the Junior C level. Petrolia would defeat Windsor again at Jr. B, while Leamington gained revenge over Dresden in the Jr. C final. Leamington would manage to duplicate the deeds of the Kings in 1971, winning the 1972 OHA Junior C Championship over the Central Ontario League's Cobourg Cougars. Before the 1972-73 season, the Petrolia Jets applied to leave the league for the Western Ontario Junior B Hockey League, they were replaced by the Sandwich West Thunderbirds of Ontario at the Jr.. B level and the Wallaceburg Lakers in Jr. C. Windsor would win the B loop, while Leamington would again take Jr. C; the Summer of 1973 brought more expansion. The Royals, disgruntled former affiliates of the Southern Ontario Junior A Hockey League's Windsor Spitfires were having a battle over which team deserved ascension to Major Junior A level.
The Spitfires opted to not renew their agreement with the Royals and financially supported the new Belle River Bulldogs. They were joined by Michigan Yankees of Utica, Michigan. Sandwich West did not return for a second season. Windsor walked through Belle River with no problem to win their second straight Jr.. B title. Essex fell in the Jr.. C finals to the Leamington Flyers. In the Summer of 1974, the Royals were relocated to the Western Ontario Junior B Hockey League and the Michigan Yankees ceased operations. With half the teams gone from their fragile Jr. B loop, the league opted to operate at Junior C from on. After eliminating the Junior B level, the Great Lakes Junior C Hockey League had dropped down to eight teams for 1974-75: Belle River, Dresden, Leamington, Mooretown and Wallaceburg. Essex, in only their second year, would win not only the regular season title, the playoff championship by defeating Leamington in four-straight-games, but would march their way to their first OHA Junior C Championship by defeating the Central Ontario League's Lindsay Muskies 4-games-to-3.
In 1975, Belle River Bulldogs left the league after only two seasons. Essex would win the 1975-76 regular season title, their third straight, by beating Dresden in seven games, but would fall to the Niagara & District Junior C Hockey League's Dunnville Terriers 4-games-to-2 in the provincial final. In 1994, members of the Tilbury Hawks were charged with 135 various criminal violations by the Ontario Provincial Police stemming back to a rookie party in the Fall of 1993. Members of the Hawks organization, who won the league in 1992-93, had engaged in a rookie party at the team owner's house in which various hazing rituals were performed on rookies including forced drinking, group masturbation, shaving of pubic hair, various sexual acts. Team trainer Paul Everaert and captain Ed Fiala plead guilty to their charges and were fined a total of $6,000; the team was forced out of Tilbury by the end of the 1993-94 season, relocating to Walpole Island and folding in 1999. The team was a part of an subject matter of an episode of The Fifth Estate.
Winner moves on to the Clarence Schmalz Cup. Leamington awarded 1972-73 regular season title over Win
The Norwich Merchants are a junior hockey team based in Norwich, Canada. They are members of the Provincial Junior Hockey League of the Ontario Hockey Association. Founded in 1968, the Merchants won the Southern Counties Junior D Hockey League championship the next season went on to win the OHA Cup as provincial champions by defeating the Haliburton Huskies of the Central League. In 1980, the Merchants were promoted to Junior C and joined the Niagara & District Junior C Hockey League. In 1986, the Merchants were Niagara League champions, they went on to defeat the Bradford Blues of the Mid-Ontario Junior Hockey League to win the Clarence Schmalz Cup as OHA Junior C champions. In 1987, they were again Niagara League champions, they again made it to the provincial final, but this time lost to the Lakefield Chiefs of the Central Ontario Junior C Hockey League. In November 2011, the Merchants were sanctioned by the Ontario Hockey Association for the overpayment of a former player during his time with the team.
Although the team claimed the money was for education purposes, the OHA fined the team $25,000, suspended three board members for the rest of the season and three additional seasons, their 2011-12 roster was frozen for the rest of the season, they were barred from signing imports for three following seasons. The Merchants appealed the decision to the Ontario Hockey Federation; the OHF overturned the roster freeze and import restrictions saying that it was not within the OHA's constitution to wield those powers. Both sides appealed to Hockey Canada who sided with neither party, which left the fine and suspensions in place. After thirty-three years as members of the Niagara & District Junior C Hockey League, the Ontario Hockey Association realigned and the Merchants ended up in the new Midwestern Junior C Hockey League. Three years the eight Southern Ontario junior "C" hockey leagues amalgamated into one league, the Provincial Junior Hockey League; this means. Note: GP = Games Played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, OTL = Overtime Losses, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against 1986: Norwich Merchants defeated Bradford Blues 4-games-to-3 1987: Lakefield Chiefs defeated Norwich Merchants 4-games-to-2 Norwich Merchants
The Mitchell Hawks are a Junior ice hockey team based in Mitchell, Canada. They play in the Provincial Junior Hockey League of the Ontario Hockey Association; the Mitchell Hawks were found ed in 1966 in one of the many Ontario Hockey Association Junior C leagues. They finished low in the standings and were allowed to compete in the Junior D provincial championships. In the Junior D play downs, the Hawks found their niche and made it all the way to the OHA Cup final against a representative from Madoc, Ontario; the Hawks came up short and lost the series 4-games-to-1. The following season, the same scenario played out in the Western Junior C league and the Hawks were entered into the Junior D playoffs; the Hawks again made it to the final and defeated a representative from Bobcaygeon, Ontario 4-games-to-none with one tie to win their first provincial championship in only their second season. After the playoffs concluded, the Hawks dropped down to the Western Ontario Junior D Hockey League. In 1974, the Hawks won the Western Junior D championship and challenged deep into the OHA championships.
Upon reaching the OHA Cup final, they met the South-Central Junior D Hockey League champion Bradford Vasey Juniors. The Vasey Juniors defeated the Hawks 4-games-to-1 to win the provincial championship; the Hawks were forced to sit out the 1983-84 season. In 1988, all of Ontario's Junior D was consolidated into one "super league" and in 1991 the league was renamed the OHA Junior Development League. In 1993, the Hawks made it all the way to the league final. In the final, the Hawks challenged the Thamesford Trojans and defeated them by 4-games-to-1 to win their second OHA Cup; the next season, the Hawks finished second overall in league standings with 35 wins and only 3 losses. They met the first place Port Stanley Lakers in the finals; the Hawks defeated the Lakers 4-games-to-none to win their third OHA Cup and second straight OHAJDL championship. The Mitchell Hawks finished the 2005-06 season first in their conference and fourth overall in the OHAJDL with 23 wins and 9 losses, they entered the conference quarter-final against the eighth seeded West Lorne Lakers.
The Lakers created a massive upset and defeated the Hawks 4-games-to-2. The upset helped clear the way for the seventh seeded Lucan Irish to win the title. In 2006, the OHAJDL disbanded and the Southern Ontario Junior Hockey League was formed; the Hawks finished their first season in the SOJHL in fifth place overall with 26 wins and 12 losses. In the first round of the playoffs, the Hawks drew the Central Elgin Express; the Hawks defeated the Express 4-games-to-none. In the second round, the Hawks came up against the Lambeth Lancers who they promptly swept 4-games-to-none as well. In the conference final, the Hawks found themselves playing the Thamesford Trojans; the Hawks ended up defeating the Trojans 4-games-to-2 to earn a birth to the SOJHL final. Their opponents in the SOJHL final was the Delhi Travellers; the Hawks ended up defeating the Travellers 4-games-to-2 to win their fourth OHA Cup and the first SOJHL championship. On May 29, 2008, Mitchell was granted expansion into the Western Ontario Junior C Hockey League.
On September 19, the Hawks played their first modern Western Junior C game. They were defeated on the road by the Kincardine Bulldogs 8-2; the following night, the Hawks made their home debut and defeated the defending league champion Walkerton Hawks 3-1. During the summer of 2016 the eight junior "C" leagues in Southern Ontario came together as the Provincial Junior Hockey League; the former leagues assigned to one of four conferences. For the Hawks it means they will play in the Pollock Division. 1967 Lost OHA finalMadoc Juniors defeated Mitchell Hawks 4-games-to-1 in OHA final1968 Won OHA ChampionshipMitchell Hawks defeated Bobcaygeon Juniors 4-games-to-none with one tie in OHA final1974 Won League, Lost OHA finalBradford Vasey Juniors defeated Mitchell Hawks 4-games-to-1 in OHA final1993 Won LeagueMitchell Hawks defeated Thamesford Trojans 4-games-to-1 in final1994 Won LeagueMitchell Hawks defeated Port Stanley Lakers 4-games-to-none in final2006 Lost conference quarter-finalWest Lorne Lakers defeated Mitchell Hawks 4-games-to-2 in conf. quarter-final2007 Won LeagueMitchell Hawks defeated Central Elgin Express 4-games-to-none in conf. quarter-final Mitchell Hawks defeated Lambeth Lancers 4-games-to-none in conf. semi-final Mitchell Hawks defeated Thamesford Trojans 4-games-to-2 in conf.
Final Mitchell Hawks defeated Delhi Travellers 4-games-to-2 in final Mitchell Hawks' homepage