The Mikado pheasant is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. Sometimes considered an unofficial national bird of Taiwan, a pair of Mikado pheasants and Yushan National Park, one of the areas it is known to inhabit, is depicted in the 1000 dollar bill of the Taiwanese dollar; the Mikado pheasant is endemic to mountainous regions of Taiwan. The species occupies dense shrubs, bamboo growth and grassy terrain with conifer overstory in central and southern Taiwan, from 2000 to 3200 meters above sea level. With the tail included, male of this species get to be up to 70 cm in body length, while the smaller females measure up to 47 cm; the male is dark with plumage that refracts with blue or violet iridescence, with white stripes on its wings and tail. The female is specked with brown and white quills; the long and striped tail feathers of the male were used by the Taiwanese aborigines as a head-dress decoration. The type specimen of the pheasant comprises two such tail feathers obtained in 1906 by collector Walter Goodfellow from the head-dress of one of his porters.
It was named in honour of the Emperor of Japan. Its Chinese name, 帝雉 translates to "Emperor's Pheasant." The pheasants will come out into the open either in light rain or after heavy rain, where the mist conceals them. They tend to be solitary or found in pairs quiet, yet alert, they can tolerate the presence of humans and it is possible to observe them up close in areas where they have become habituated to humans feeding them. When disturbed, they will and cautiously seek out shelter within surrounding vegetation, rather than fluttering away in panic. If desperate, they will fly short distances; the males are territorial, with a range of 200–400 metres in radius. Both sexes make soft clucking sounds when feeding, the males make ke, ke, ke calls when fighting for their mate or territory. Both sexes may perform a wing-whirring display, during the breeding season the male performs a lateral running display with his body expanded and tail fanned; the pheasants will walk and forage for food at the same time, in a manner similar to chickens, on the forest floor and mountain trails on rainy and foggy days.
The breeding season of Mikado pheasants lasts from March to June. Mikado pheasants build their nests with dead branches, fallen leaves, dry grass and feathers in tree holes or depressions under rocks. Females lay three to eight creamy-coloured eggs at one time and it is they who are responsible for the incubation of the eggs and the nurture of fledglings, once they are born; the young are independent by six months the latest. There are some Mikado pheasants bred in captivity, but there are only about 10,000 individuals in the wild in the Yushan National Park. Heavy hunting pressure is not a serious threat today; the Mikado pheasant is evaluated as near threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix I of CITES. List of endangered and protected species of China Beebe, William. A monograph of the pheasants. Volume 3. Courier Dover Publications. Pp. 197–204. ISBN 978-0-486-26580-3. Bridgman, C. L. Alexander, P. & Chen, L. S.. Mikado’s pheasant home range in secondary growth habitats of Yushan national park, Taiwan."Proceedings of the first international symposium on Galliformes", Kuala Lumpur.
Severinghaus, S. R.."A study of the Swinhoe’s and Mikado Pheasant in Taiwan with recommendations for their conservation." PhD thesis. Cornell University, Ithaca. BirdLife Species Factsheet gbwf.org - Mikado Pheasant
Jacob's is a brand name for several lines of biscuits and crackers in Ireland and the United Kingdom. The brand name is owned by the Jacob Fruitfield Food Group, part of Valeo Foods, which produces snacks for the Irish market. In the UK, the brand name is used under license by part of Pladis; the originator of the Jacob's brand name was the small biscuit bakery, W & R Jacob, founded in 1851 in Bridge Street, Ireland by William Beale Jacob and his brother Robert. It moved to Bishop Street in Dublin, with a factory in Peter's Row. A factory in Aintree, Liverpool was opened in 1914. Jacob's Bishop Street premises was one of several prominent Dublin buildings occupied by rebels during the Easter Rising of 1916 In 1922 a separate English company was formed, W & R Jacob Ltd; the two branches separated, with the Dublin branch retaining the W & R Jacob name while the Liverpool branch was renamed Jacob's Bakery Ltd. In the 1970s, W & R Jacob in Dublin merged with Boland's Biscuits to form Irish Biscuits Ltd. and moved to Tallaght, Ireland.
The Liverpool factory joined Associated Biscuits in 1960, purchased by Nabisco in 1982. In 1990, the two companies once again came under common ownership and became Jacob's Biscuit Group when they were acquired by the French company Groupe Danone. In July 2004, Groupe Danone and United Biscuits announced that they had made an agreement for the latter to acquire Jacob's Biscuit Group. With the acquisition of Groupe Danone's biscuit division by Kraft Foods, the production and sales of Jacob's biscuits in Malaysia are done through Kraft Foods Malaysia. However, days Groupe Danone, United Biscuits, Fruitfield Foods announced that Jacob's Biscuit Group would be split, with United Biscuits acquiring only the UK portion of the Group and Fruitfield Foods acquiring the Ireland portion. Fruitfield Foods was subsequently renamed the Jacob Fruitfield Food Group and is now part of the Valeo Food Group. Valeo Foods was established in September 2010 through the merger of Origin Foods. Since their acquisitions, United Biscuits and Jacob Fruitfield Food Group have sparred in court over the use of the Jacob's brand name.
In 2009, after 156 years of making biscuits in Ireland, Jacob Fruitfield shut its Tallaght plant. 220 jobs were lost. The well-known activist and trade union organizer Rosie Hackett worked for some years as a messenger for Jacob's. At that time the working conditions in the factory were poor. On 22 August 1911 Rosie helped organize the withdrawal of women's labor in Jacob's factory to support their male colleagues who were on strike. With the women's help, the men secured a pay rise. Two weeks at the age of eighteen, Rosie co-founded the Irish Women Worker's Union with Delia Larkin. During the 1913 Lockout Rosie helped mobilize the Jacob's workers to come out in solidarity with other workers, they in turn were locked out by their own employers. In 1914 her Jacob's employers sacked her over her role in the Lockout; the Aintree site, which opened in 1914, was Jacob's first English factory, remains the primary producer of Jacob's products in the UK, including Cream Crackers and Twiglets. The factory produces over 55,000 tonnes of products each year and, in 2015, received a £10,000,000 investment from United Biscuits to further boost output.
At the same time, United Biscuits claimed it had to suspend company sickpay because of "record levels of absenteeism" at the Aintree factory, where 800 workers are employed. Burton's Foods Fox's Biscuits Huntley & Palmers Peek Freans Tunnock's Jacob's Awards Jacob's Biscuits Ireland official website Jacob's brand on Valeo Food Group official web site Jacob's brand on United Biscuits official web site Jacob's Crackers official web site Groupe Danone official web site National Archives of Ireland article "Jacob's Biscuit Factory, 1916" "Rosie Hackett and the Union Women of Jacob's Biscuits" "Jacob's ends production after 156 years"
Michel Warschawski is an Israeli anti-Zionist activist. He led the Marxist Revolutionary Communist League until its demise in the 1990s, founded the Alternative Information Center, a joint Palestinian-Israeli non-governmental organization, in 1984. Michel Warschawski was born 1949 in Strasbourg, where his father was the Rabbi. At the age of 16 Warschawski moved to Jerusalem, in order to study the Talmud—he is a graduate of Mercaz HaRav, he studied philosophy at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Despite having long since stopped being religious, fellow-activists on occasion turn to him to elucidate subtle points of the Jewish religion. In 1982, Warschawski was one of the co-founders of Yesh Gvul, a term that plays on three meanings: "there is a border": "there is a limit": and "enough's enough". In 1984, Warschawski established the Alternative Information Center, an organization uniting Israeli and Palestinian anti-Zionist activists. In 1987, Warschawski was arrested for "providing services for illegal organizations" and sentenced in 1989 to twenty months in prison, with a 10-month suspended sentence, for typesetting a booklet that the judges ruled had come from members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, which described torture and interrogation techniques employed by Israel's security apparatus, with advice on how to withstand them.
The court determined that Warschawsky was unaware of the booklet's origins, but guilty of closing his eyes to the evidence. Warschawski is a writer and journalist, whose articles appear in International Viewpoint, Le Monde diplomatique, ZNet, Monthly Review, Siné Hebdo and other publications, he has been interviewed for the Real News Network. In the 2006 elections to the Knesset, he was a candidate on the list of an Arab Israeli party ballot, he was a candidate for the Joint List in the 2015 election. Warschawski is married to attorney and human rights activist Leah Tsemel, is the father of two sons and a daughter. Toward an Open Tomb: The Crisis of Israeli Society ISBN 978-1-58367-109-2 On the Border ISBN 978-0-7453-2325-1 The 33 Day War: Israel's War on Hezbollah in Lebanon and Its Consequences ISBN 978-0-86356-646-2
Pocky is a Japanese snack food produced by Ezaki Glico. Pocky was first sold in 1966, were invented by Yoshiaki Koma, they consist of chocolate-coated biscuit sticks. It was named after the Japanese onomatopoetic word pokkin; the original was followed by almond coatings in 1971, strawberry coatings in 1977. Today, the product line includes variations as milk, green tea, banana and cream, coconut flavored coatings, themed products such as "Decorer Pocky", with colorful decorative stripes in the coating, "Men's Pocky", a dark chocolate and "mature" version. Pocky is a popular treat in Japan among teenagers. In bars, it is sometimes served with a glass of ice water or milk It has a significant presence in other Asian countries, such as China, South Korea, Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Hong Kong, India, Burma and Vietnam. In Malaysia, Pocky was sold under the name "Rocky" for four decades. In 2014 it was rebranded under the name "Pocky" with slogan. Commercials featuring Malaysian singer Yuna began to air in 2015 in order to give brand recognition and a sales boost.
In Europe Pocky is produced under license by Mondelēz International and sold under the name "Mikado" in Austria, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Greece. "Mikado" can be found at many international food stores. In the United States and Canada Pocky can be found in Asian supermarkets and the international section of most large supermarkets, such as World Market, H-E-B, Kroger, Jungle Jim's International Market, Walmart, some Target stores, some Walgreens, Meijer and anime convention dealers' rooms. In the United States, Pocky is marketed both by LU, by Ezaki Glico's American division, Ezaki Glico USA Corporation. In Australia and New Zealand, it is sold in Asian convenience markets, along with other Asian foods and products. Like the United States and Canada there are widely available in the international sections on the Asian food aisles of most large supermarket chains. Specialty importers exist in Australia and New Zealand. Pocky can be found in dozens of varieties such as chocolate and almond.
Some of the more unusual flavors include the seasonal flavors of kiwifruit mango. The bittersweet version of chocolate Pocky is known as Men's Pocky. Regional flavors of Pocky include grape, yūbari melon, giant mikan, powdered tea azuki bean, Kobe wine, five-fusion berry. Flavors such as banana, coffee, marble royal milk tea, Daim bar, milk and milk, cream cheese, sweet potato, crush, corn on the cob, pumpkin, kinako, Brazilian pudding, tomato, mikan, apple yogurt, mixed berry and green tea are available; the latest flavours are special editions, 2 two-tone flavors in a larger box than chocolate or strawberry Pocky provides. The 2 newest flavors are cream and banana chocolate. Both have brown biscuit sticks The cookies and cream consists of blended chocolate biscuit cookies with a slight chocolaty flavor of the biscuit. Special variations of Pocky include Mousse Pocky. Unlike other Pocky variations, Mousse Pocky packages contains only nine per pack, fewer pieces than regular Pocky. Dessert Pocky features.
These flavors include: Double Chocolate, Chocolate Banana, Marron White, Strawberry Shortcake, Orange. Dessert Pocky comes with five packets in a box with three in each sleeve. Another variation of Pocky is the My Calorie Pocky, which has one-fourth the calories of regular chocolate Pocky. Other variations include: Pocky G, Giant Pocky, Reverse Pocky, Fortune-Telling Pocky, Pocky Cake. A related product is Pretz, an unglazed version of Pocky, featuring flavors like tomato and salad, as well as sweet flavors such as cocoa and French toast. Following threats by the Monster with 21 Faces to poison Glico confections and the resulting mass withdrawal of Glico products from shelves, a man wearing a Yomiuri Giants baseball cap was caught placing Glico chocolate on a store shelf by a security camera; this man was believed to be the mastermind behind the Monster with 21 Faces. The security camera photo was made public after this incident. On September 30, 2008, Hong Kong authorities announced that melamine had been detected in Pocky Men's coffee cream-coated biscuit sticks made in China.
Ezaki Glico had no immediate comment on the repo
The Mikado. It opened on 14 March 1885, in London, where it ran at the Savoy Theatre for 672 performances, the second-longest run for any work of musical theatre and one of the longest runs of any theatre piece up to that time. Before the end of 1885, it was estimated that, in Europe and America, at least 150 companies were producing the opera; the Mikado remains the most performed Savoy Opera, it is popular with amateur and school productions. The work has been translated into numerous languages and is one of the most played musical theatre pieces in history. Setting the opera in Japan, an exotic locale far away from Britain, allowed Gilbert to satirise British politics and institutions more by disguising them as Japanese. Gilbert used foreign or fictional locales in several operas, including The Mikado, Princess Ida, The Gondoliers, Utopia and The Grand Duke, to soften the impact of his pointed satire of British institutions. Gilbert and Sullivan's opera preceding The Mikado was Princess Ida, which ran for nine months, a short duration by Savoy opera standards.
When ticket sales for Princess Ida showed early signs of flagging, the impresario Richard D'Oyly Carte realised that, for the first time since 1877, no new Gilbert and Sullivan work would be ready when the old one closed. On 22 March 1884, Carte gave Gilbert and Sullivan contractual notice that a new opera would be required within six months. Sullivan's close friend, the conductor Frederic Clay, had suffered a serious stroke in December 1883 that ended his career. Reflecting on this, on his own precarious health, on his desire to devote himself to more serious music, Sullivan replied to Carte that "it is impossible for me to do another piece of the character of those written by Gilbert and myself". Gilbert, who had started work on a new libretto in which people fall in love against their wills after taking a magic lozenge, was surprised to hear of Sullivan's hesitation, he wrote to Sullivan asking him to reconsider, but the composer replied on 2 April 1884 that he had "come to the end of my tether" with the operas:...
I have been continually keeping down the music in order that not one should be lost.... I should like to set a story of human interest & probability where the humorous words would come in a humorous situation, & where, if the situation were a tender or dramatic one the words would be of similar character." Gilbert was much hurt, but Sullivan insisted that he could not set the "lozenge plot." In addition to the "improbability" of it, it was too similar to the plot of their 1877 opera, The Sorcerer. Sullivan returned to London, and, as April wore on, Gilbert tried to rewrite his plot, but he could not satisfy Sullivan; the parties were at a stalemate, Gilbert wrote, "And so ends a musical & literary association of seven years' standing – an association of exceptional reputation – an association unequaled in its monetary results, hitherto undisturbed by a single jarring or discordant element." However, by 8 May 1884, Gilbert was ready to back down, writing: "am I to understand that if I construct another plot in which no supernatural element occurs, you will undertake to set it?... a consistent plot, free from anachronisms, constructed in perfect good faith & to the best of my ability."
The stalemate was broken, on 20 May, Gilbert sent Sullivan a sketch of the plot to The Mikado. It would take another ten months for The Mikado to reach the stage. A revised version of their 1877 work, The Sorcerer, coupled with their one-act piece Trial by Jury, played at the Savoy while Carte and their audiences awaited their next work. Gilbert found a place for his "lozenge plot" in The Mountebanks, written with Alfred Cellier in 1892. In 1914, Cellier and Bridgeman first recorded the familiar story of how Gilbert found his inspiration: Gilbert, having determined to leave his own country alone for a while, sought elsewhere for a subject suitable to his peculiar humour. A trifling accident inspired him with an idea. One day an old Japanese sword that, for years, had been hanging on the wall of his study, fell from its place; this incident directed his attention to Japan. Just at that time a company of Japanese had arrived in England and set up a little village of their own in Knightsbridge; the story is an appealing one, but it is fictional.
Gilbert was interviewed twice about his inspiration for The Mikado. In both interviews the sword was mentioned, in one of them he said it was the inspiration for the opera, although he never said that the sword had fallen. What puts the entire story in doubt, moreover, is Cellier and Bridgeman's error concerning the Japanese exhibition in Knightsbridge: It did not open until 10 January 1885 two months after Gilbert had completed Act I. Gilbert scholar Brian Jones, in his article "The Sword that Never Fell", notes that "the further removed in time the writer is from the incident, the more graphically it is recalled." Leslie Baily, for instance, told it this way in 1952: A day or so Gilbert was striding up and down his library in the new house at Harrington Gardens, fuming at the impasse, when a huge Japanese sword decorating the wall fell with a clatter to the floor. Gilbert picked it up, his perambulations stopped.'It suggested the broad idea,' as he said later. His journalistic mind, always quick to seize on topicalities, turned to a Japanese Exhibition, opened in the neighbourhood.
Gilbert had seen the little Japanese men and women from the Exhibition shuffling in their exotic robes through the streets of Kni
The Mikado (1939 film)
The Mikado is a 1939 British musical comedy film based on Gilbert and Sullivan's The Mikado. Shot in Technicolor, the film stars Martyn Green as Ko-Ko, Sydney Granville as Pooh-Bah, the American singer Kenny Baker as Nanki-Poo and Jean Colin as Yum-Yum. Many of the other leads and choristers had been members of the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company. Kenny Baker as Nanki-Poo Martyn Green as Ko-Ko Sydney Granville as Pooh-Bah John Barclay as the Mikado Gregory Stroud as Pish-Tush Jean Colin as Yum-Yum Constance Willis as Katisha Elizabeth Paynter as Pitti-Sing Kathleen Naylor as Peep-Bo Chorus of the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company The music was conducted by Geoffrey Toye, a former D'Oyly Carte music director, the producer and was credited with the adaptation, which involved a number of cuts, additions and re-ordered scenes. Victor Schertzinger directed, William V. Skall received an Academy Award nomination for Best Cinematography. Art direction and costume designs were by Marcel Vertès; the orchestra consisted of 40 members of the London Symphony Orchestra.
The Mikado premiered in London on 12 January 1939 before opening in the United States on 1 May. A decade on 23 July 1949, the film was re-released in New York City; the Mikado The Mikado on IMDb The Mikado at Rotten Tomatoes The Mikado: Celluloid Savoy, an essay by Geoffrey O’Brien at the Criterion Collection
Operation Mikado was the code name of a military plan by the United Kingdom to use Special Air Service troops to attack the home base of Argentina's five Etendard strike fighters at Río Grande, Tierra del Fuego during the 1982 Falklands War. The man in charge of the planning was Brigadier Peter de la Billière Director of the SAS; the aim of the operation was to destroy the three remaining Exocet missiles that Argentina had in its possession, the aircraft that carried them, to kill the pilots in their quarters. To achieve this, Brigadier Peter de la Billière proposed an operation similar to Operation Entebbe, which consisted of landing 55 SAS soldiers in two Lockheed C-130 Hercules aircraft directly on the runway at Rio Grande. According to the plan, the C-130 would be kept on the tarmac with the engines running while the 55 men of B Squadron SAS performed their mission. If the C-130s survived they would head for the Chilean air base at Punta Arenas. If not, the surviving members of the SAS Squadron and aircrew would travel to the Chilean border, about 50 miles away.
A preliminary reconnaissance mission on Río Grande, code-named Operation Plum Duff, was launched from HMS Invincible on the night of 17/18 May, as a prelude to the attack. The operation consisted of transporting a small SAS team to the Argentine side of Tierra del Fuego on a stripped down Royal Navy Westland Sea King HC.4. The team would march to the Rio Grande air base and proceed to set up an observation post to collect intelligence on the base's defences; the mission required that the Sea King helicopter travel a distance close to its operation range, so this would be a one-way mission. Therefore, the aircrew mission consisted of dropping the SAS team in Argentina, heading to Chile and disposing of the aircraft by sinking it in deep water; the aircraft, with a three-man crew and eight-man SAS team, took off from Invincible at 0015 hrs on 18 May. Due to an unexpected encounter with a drilling rig in an offshore gas field it was forced to detour, adding twenty minutes to the transit; as it approached the Argentinian coast after four hours, fog reduced flying visibility to less than a mile.
As they approached twelve miles from the planned SAS drop-off point, visibility was reduced to such an extent that the pilot was forced to land. The pilot and the commander of the SAS patrol disagreed on their exact position while the SAS commander was certain that they had been spotted by an Argentine patrol: he asked to be dropped on the Chile/Argentine border; the pilots were forced to fly on instruments through Instrument Meteorological Conditions into neutral Chile. The SAS team was dropped off on the south coast of Bahia Inútil where they were to attempt to move to their Observation Post on foot; the helicopter crew flew to a beach closer to Punta Arenas. One of the two pilots and the aircrewman disembarked on the beach, they cut holes in the helicopter to allow it to sink. The other pilot flew it out over the water but was unable to sink it, he flew back to the beach in order to cut more holes, but was blinded in his night vision goggles by a blinking "Low Fuel" light and crashed on the beach.
The crew detonated explosive charges before leaving the scene. They moved over the course of several nights to a point of observation near Punta Arenas, where they attempted to make contact with the British Embassy, they were discovered and picked up by the Chilean Military while moving through town, were turned over to British officials. According to Argentine sources, on the night of 17/18 May, the helicopter was tracked by the radar of the destroyer ARA Bouchard, which sent a message to her sister ship ARA Piedrabuena patrolling on the north, to the air base of Río Grande. Members of the Argentine 24th Regiment of Infantry claimed in 2007 that they hit the helicopter with small arms fire amid thick fog south of Rio Gallegos; the SAS reconnaissance mission was aborted. The lack of on-site intelligence meant that the British forces did not have a clear idea of how Rio Grande was defended, nor any guarantees that the Super Etendards or the Exocets would be there when the operation took place.
The British forces had no information on how the base was organized, did not know where the Exocets were stored or where the pilot's mess was. By this time, Operation Mikado, seen by experienced SAS members to be a suicide mission, was considered to be impossible to pull off, due to the loss of the element of surprise and due to British intelligence discovering that the Argentines enjoyed far better radar coverage than expected; as a consequence, the airborne assault plan attracted considerable hostility from some members of the SAS, which led to one sergeant submitting his resignation shortly before the team was due to fly out to Ascension and to the squadron's commander being relieved and replaced by the regiment's second-in-command. The British Government acknowledged that there was a strong likelihood that the operation would have failed. Contrary to rumours, no plan was devised to infiltrate the SAS into Argentina with the help of the Royal Navy submarine HMS Onyx; the Argentine Navy claims that the Bouchard had shelled a submarine and a number of inflatable boats while on patrol two miles off Rio Grande, at the position 53°43′38.04″S 67°42′0″W, on the evening of 16 May 1982.
The Rio Grande area was defended by four battalions of Marine Infantry from the Argentine Navy's Marine Corps, some of whose officers had been trained in the UK by the SBS years earlier. After the war, Argentine marine commanders admitted that they were expecting some kind of landing by SAS forces, but never expected a Hercules to land directly on their runways, although they