Philip Kimely Boit is a cross-country skier and the first Kenyan to participate in the Winter Olympics. His first name is sometimes spelled as "Phillip". Philip Boit and his compatriot Henry Bitok were trained in Finland in order to become competitive skiers. Both were former middle distance runners with no previous skiing experience, their project was sponsored by sportswear giant Nike. Their winter training began in February 1996. Kenya had only one slot for the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, taken by Philip Boit, while Henry Bitok finished his skiing career soon afterwards. Boit's participation in the games gained worldwide media coverage, he finished last in the 10-kilometer classic race. The awards for the race were delayed while the winner Bjørn Dæhlie waited for Boit to reach the finish line in order to hug him; the experience was so moving for Boit. Boit participated in the 1999 Nordic skiing World Championships in Ramsau and again finished last in the 10 km classic event. After the event Nike dropped their sponsorship, hence he had to settle for "dry training" in Kenya for over two years.
In the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City Boit finished 64th in the sprint race, beating three competitors. After the Salt Lake City Olympics Boit left competitive skiing again, but came back to participate in the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin where he finished 92nd in the 15 km Classic, ahead of five fellow competitors. Boit said in a 2006 interview that he was planning to retire after 2010 Winter Olympics to be held in Vancouver. In 2007, he competed in the World Ski Championships held in Sapporo, the same country where he started his Olympic career. Boit had planned to retire after the 2010 Winter Olympics. However, he did not meet the requirements needed to start in the Games as he missed the limit by two FIS points, his attempts to qualify for the Olympics had been hampered by illness. After missing the Olympics, Boit decided to continue his career by a year and retire after the 2011 World Championships to be held in Oslo, Norway. Boit finished 42nd during qualification, therefore was unable to compete in the 15 kilometre classical.
After graduating from Samwayi Secondary School, he was recruited to General Service Unit in 1992, where was able to enhance his athletics career. As an athlete, he was a bit behind the top Kenyan runners, his 800 meter personal best is 1:46.06. Philip's uncle Mike Boit won the bronze medal in the 800 meters at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. Lamine Guèye Eddie "The Eagle" Edwards Eric Moussambani Paula Barila Bolopa Michael Wilbon. "Just Do It? Just Let Them Be". Washington Post. "Boit back in action today at Olympics". Daily Nation. February 19, 2002. Archived from the original on 2002-10-23. Philip Boit at the International Ski Federation Philip Boit at IAAF Kenya: It's Not Just for Runners Anymore Igrzyska jednak nie dla Boita. Krowy też nie Maddy Savage. "Philip Boit and Bjorn Daehlie: Cross-country friends". BBC News. Retrieved 24 January 2014
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, the most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. New Jersey lies within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U. S. state by median household income as of 2017. New Jersey was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes founded the first European settlements in the state; the English seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey after the largest of the Channel Islands and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton.
New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century. In the 19th century, factories in cities, Paterson, Trenton, Jersey City, Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. In the first decades of the 21st century, this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile-oriented suburbs since 2008. Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa; the pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains.
Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers and gorges. New Jersey was settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time of contact. Scheyichbi is the Lenape name for the land, now New Jersey; the Lenape were several autonomous groups that practiced maize agriculture in order to supplement their hunting and gathering in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans; these clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade; the Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern Middle Atlantic states. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch West India Company policy required its colonists to purchase the land that they settled.
The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship called Pavonia in 1630 along the North River which became the Bergen. Peter Minuit's purchase of lands along the Delaware River established the colony of New Sweden; the entire region became a territory of England on June 24, 1664, after an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is now New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam, annexing the entire province. During the English Civil War, the Channel Island of Jersey remained loyal to the British Crown and gave sanctuary to the King, it was from the Royal Square in Saint Helier that Charles II of England was proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I. The North American lands were divided by Charles II, who gave his brother, the Duke of York, the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony. James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton.
The area was named the Province of New Jersey. Since the state's inception, New Jersey has been characterized by religious diversity. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Scots Presbyterians and Dutch Reformed migrants. While the majority of residents lived in towns with individual landholdings of 100 acres, a few rich proprietors owned vast estates. English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, commercial farming developed sporadically; some townships, such as Burlington on the Delaware River and Perth Amboy, emerged as important ports for shipping to New York City and Philadelphia. The colony's fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, New Jersey's population had increased to 120,000 by 1775. Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule took place along Hackensack River and Arthur Kill –
1980 Summer Olympics
The 1980 Summer Olympics known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Moscow, Soviet Union, in present-day Russia. The 1980 Games were the first Olympic Games to be staged in Eastern Europe, remain the only Summer Olympics held there, as well as the first Olympic Games to be held in a Slavic language-speaking country, they were the first Olympic Games to be held in a socialist country, the only Summer Games to be held in such a country until 2008 in Beijing, China. These were the final Olympic Games under the IOC Presidency of 3rd Baron Killanin. Eighty nations were represented at the Moscow Games – the smallest number since 1956. Led by the United States, 66 countries boycotted the games because of the Soviet–Afghan War; some athletes from some of the boycotting countries participated in the games under the Olympic Flag. The Soviet Union would boycott the 1984 Summer Olympics; the only two cities to bid for the 1980 Summer Olympics were Los Angeles. The choice between them was made on 23 October 1974 in the 75th IOC Session in Austria.
Los Angeles would host the 1984 Summer Olympics. Eighty nations were represented at the Moscow Games – the smallest number since 1956. Of the eighty participating nations, eight nations made their first appearance at this Games – Angola, Cyprus, Mozambique and Seychelles. None of these nations won a medal. Although half of the 24 countries that boycotted the 1976 Summer Olympics participated in the Moscow Games, the 1980 Summer Olympics were disrupted by another larger, boycott led by the United States in protest at the 1979 Soviet–Afghan War; the Soviet invasion spurred Jimmy Carter to issue an ultimatum on 20 January 1980, that the US would boycott the Moscow Olympics if Soviet troops did not withdraw from Afghanistan within one month. 65 countries and regions invited did not take part in the 1980 Olympics. Many of these followed the United States' boycott initiative, while others cited economic reasons for not coming. Iran, under Ayatollah Khomeini hostile to both superpowers, boycotted when the Islamic Conference condemned the invasion.
Many of the boycotting nations participated instead in the Liberty Bell Classic known as the "Olympic Boycott Games", in Philadelphia. However, the nations that did compete had won 71 percent of all medals, 71 percent of the gold medals, at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal; this was in part because of state-run doping programs, developed in the Eastern Bloc countries. As a form of protest against the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan, fifteen countries marched in the Opening Ceremony with the Olympic Flag instead of their national flags, the Olympic Flag and Olympic Hymn were used at medal ceremonies when athletes from these countries won medals. Competitors from three countries – New Zealand and Spain – competed under the flags of their respective National Olympic Committees; some of these teams that marched under flags other than their national flags were depleted by boycotts by individual athletes, while some athletes did not participate in the march. The impact of the boycott was mixed.
Some events, such as swimming and field, basketball, field hockey and equestrian sports, were hard hit. Whilst competitors from 36 countries became Olympic medalists, the great majority of the medals were taken by the host country and East Germany in what was the most skewed medal tally since 1904. There were 203 events – more than at any previous Olympics. 36 World records, 39 European records and 74 Olympic records were set at the games. In total, this was more records. New Olympic records were set 241 times over the course of the competitions and world records were beaten 97 times. A 1989 report by a committee of the Australian Senate claimed that "there is hardly a medal winner at the Moscow Games not a gold medal winner...who is not on one sort of drug or another: several kinds. The Moscow Games might well have been called the Chemists' Games". A member of the IOC Medical Commission, Manfred Donike ran additional tests with a new technique for identifying abnormal levels of testosterone by measuring its ratio to epitestosterone in urine.
Twenty percent of the specimens he tested, including those from sixteen gold medalists would have resulted in disciplinary proceedings had the tests been official. The results of Donike's unofficial tests convinced the IOC to add his new technique to their testing protocols; the first documented case of "blood doping" occurred at the 1980 Summer Olympics as a runner was transfused with two pints of blood before winning medals in the 5000 m and 10,000 m. Major broadcasters of the Games were USSR State TV and Radio and Intervision. TV Asahi with 68 cards provided coverage for Japan, while OTI representing Latin America received 59 cards and the Seven Network provided coverage for Australia. NBC, which had intended to be another major broadcaster, canceled its coverage in response to the U. S. boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics, became a minor broadcaster with 56 accreditation cards, although the network did air highlights and recaps of the games on a regular basis. (ABC aired scenes of the opening ceremony during its Nightline program, promised highlights each night, but the next night, the show announced that they could not air any
1976 Summer Olympics
The 1976 Summer Olympics called the Games of the XXI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event in Montreal, Quebec, in 1976, the first Olympic Games held in Canada. Montreal was awarded the rights to the 1976 Games on May 12, 1970, at the 69th IOC Session in Amsterdam, over the bids of Moscow and Los Angeles, it was the first and, so far, only Summer Olympic Games. Calgary and Vancouver hosted the Winter Olympic Games in 1988 and 2010, respectively. Twenty-nine countries African, boycotted the Montreal Games when the International Olympic Committee refused to ban New Zealand, after the New Zealand national rugby union team had toured South Africa earlier in 1976 in defiance of the United Nations' calls for a sporting embargo; the vote occurred on May 1970, at the 69th IOC Session in Amsterdam, Netherlands. While Los Angeles and Moscow were viewed as the favourites given that they represented the world's two main powers, many of the smaller countries supported Montreal as an underdog and as a neutral site for the games.
Los Angeles was eliminated after the first round and Montreal won in the second round. Moscow would go on to host Los Angeles the 1984 Summer Olympics. One blank vote was cast in the final round. Toronto had made its third attempt for the Olympics but failed to get the support of the Canadian Olympic Committee, which selected Montreal instead. Robert Bourassa the Premier of Quebec, first asked Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau to advise Canada's monarch, Elizabeth II, to attend the opening of the games. However, Bourassa became unsettled about how unpopular the move might be with sovereigntists in the province, annoying Trudeau, who had made arrangements; the leader of the Parti Québécois at the time, René Lévesque, sent his own letter to Buckingham Palace, asking the Queen to refuse her prime minister's request, though she did not oblige Lévesque as he was out of his jurisdiction in offering advice to the Sovereign. In 1976, succumbing to pressure from the Communist Chinese, issued an order barring Taiwan from participating as China in the 1976 Montreal Olympics, although technically it was a matter for the IOC.
His action strained relations with the United States – from President Ford, future President Carter and the press. The Oxford Olympics Study estimates the outturn cost of the Montreal 1976 Summer Olympics at USD 6.1 billion in 2015-dollars and cost overrun at 720% in real terms. This includes sports-related costs only, that is, operational costs incurred by the organizing committee for the purpose of staging the Games, e.g. expenditures for technology, workforce, security, catering and medical services, direct capital costs incurred by the host city and country or private investors to build, e.g. the competition venues, the Olympic village, international broadcast center, media and press center, which are required to host the Games. Indirect capital costs are not included, such as for road, rail, or airport infrastructure, or for hotel upgrades or other business investment incurred in preparation for the Games but not directly related to staging the Games; the cost overrun for Montreal 1976 is the highest cost overrun on record for any Olympics.
The cost and cost overrun for Montreal 1976 compares with costs of USD 4.6 billion and a cost overrun of 51% for Rio 2016 and USD 15 billion and 76% for London 2012. Average cost for the Summer Games from 1960 to 2016 is 5.2 billion 2015 US dollars, average cost overrun is 176%. Much of the cost overruns were caused by the Conseil des métiers de la construction union whose leader was André "Dede" Desjardins, who kept the construction site in "anarchic disorder" as part of a shakedown; the French architect Roger Taillibert who designed the Olympic stadium recounted in his 2000 book Notre Cher Stade Olympique that he and Montreal mayor Jean Drapeau tried hard to buy off Desjardins taking him to a lunch at the exclusive Ritz-Carlton hotel in a vain attempt to end the "delays". Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa made some sort of secret deal to buy off Desjardins, which allowed work to proceed. Taillibert wrote in Notre Cher Stade Olympique "If the Olympic Games took place, it was thanks to Dede Desjardins.
What irony!" The opening ceremony of the 1976 Summer Olympic Games was held on Saturday, July 17, 1976, at the Olympic Stadium in Montreal, Quebec in front of an audience of some 73,000 in the stadium, an estimated half billion watching on television. Following an air show by the Canadian Forces Air Command's Snowbirds aerobatic flight demonstration squadron in the sunny skies above the stadium, the ceremony began at 3:00 pm with a trumpet fanfare and the arrival of Elizabeth II, as Queen of Canada; the Queen was accompanied by Michael Morris, Lord Killanin, President of the International Olympic Committee, was greeted to an orchestral rendition of'O Canada', an arrangement that for many years would be used in schools across the country as well as in the daily sign off of TV broadcasts in the country. The queen entered the Royal Box with her consort, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, her son, Prince Andrew, she joined a number of Canadian and Olympic dignitaries, including: Jules Léger, Governor General of Canada, his wife, Gabrielle.
The parade o
The 800 metres, or 800 meters, is a common track running event. It is the shortest common middle-distance running event; the 800 metres is run over two laps of the track and has been an Olympic event since the first games in 1896. During indoor track season the event is run on a 200-metre track, therefore requiring four laps; the event was derived from the imperial measurement of a half a mile, a traditional English racing distance. Imperial racing distances were common in the United States. American high schools were the last to convert to metric distances in 1980, following the NCAA's conversion in 1976. Countries associated to the English system converted to metric distances after the 1966 Commonwealth Games. 800 m is 4.67 m less than half a mile. The event combines aerobic endurance with anaerobic sprint speed. Both the aerobic and anaerobic systems are being taxed to a high extent, thus the 800 metre athlete is required to combine training between both systems. Runners in this event are fast enough to compete in the 400 metres or the 4 × 400 metres relay but only Alberto Juantorena and Jarmila Kratochvílová have won major international titles at 400 m and 800 m.
If they are so inclined, 400 m runners are encouraged to run the 200 metres while 800 m runners are encouraged to run the 1500 metres or long distance events. 800m runners have training plans that include both speed and endurance work, in order to improve both the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems, as both of these are used in the race. All 800m athletes’ training will be on the track during the outdoor season, will consist of repetitions of distances between 200m and 1000m. Coaches have varying opinions on training during Winter. 800 metre runners tend to include at least one longer run per week in their training schedule, but this may be more depending on their standard. For junior athletes these may be 2-4 miles, however for senior athletes these may be 5-7 miles. Sebastian Coe ran around 60-70 miles per week at his peak, it is worth noting that the training of these two athletes was aimed at the 1500m and mile as well as the 800m. The higher an athlete’s standard, the more they are to do “strength and conditioning” training, which may include weight training, circuit training, or plyometrics.
The 800 m event is known for its tactical racing techniques. Because the 800 m event is the shortest middle distance event that has all the runners converge on lane one, positioning on the cut-in and the position of the pack is critical to the outcome of the race, it is believed that getting the first or second position early in the race is advantageous as these positions are not caught up in the pack. Olympic champions Dave Wottle, Yuriy Borzakovskiy and others have defied that logic by running a more evenly paced race, lagging behind the pack and kicking past the slowing early leaders; the winner of 800 m races at high levels are not determined by the strongest runner but instead by the athlete with the best positioning near the end of the race. This can lead to the most exciting aspect of the 800 m, its high probability of an upset. Competitive races tend to put the athletes in different lanes. Sometimes they start the race with the runners all bunch in the starting line making it difficult to have a good start.
This is unlikely anywhere else. Two common tactics for the 800 metres are running a positive split between laps; the positive split is considered to be the more effective strategy, but on occasion experienced runners have been known to use a negative split to their advantage. A positive split is achieved by running the first lap faster than the second lap, a negative split is achieved by the opposite, running the second lap faster than the first could help; the current world record holder, David Rudisha, runs using a positive split strategy. In his 2012 Olympic race, he ran his first lap in his second lap in 51.63 seconds. Theoretically, an split is the most effective strategy, but it is nearly impossible to achieve due to the race's length; as of August 2018 Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 1:42.32: David Rudisha ran 1:41.01, 1:41.09, 1:41.33, 1:41.51, 1:41.54, 1:41.74, 1:42.01, 1:42.04, 1:42.12A, 1:42.15. Wilson Kipketer ran 1:41.24, 1:41.73, 1:41.83, 1:42.17, 1:42.20, 1:42.27, 1:42.32.
Nijel Amos ran 1:42.14. Correct as of July 2018. Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 1:55.28: Caster Semenya ran 1:54.60, 1:55.16, 1:55.27, 1:55.28. Jarmila Kratochvílová ran 1:54.68, 1:55.04. Ana Fidelia Quirot ran 1:54.82. Nadezhda Olizarenko ran 1:54.85. Pamela Jelimo ran 1:54.87, 1:54.97, 1:54.99, 1:55.16. Olga Mineyeva ran hand-timed 1:55.1. Yelena Soboleva of Russia's time of 1:54.85 set in Kazan on 18 July 2007 was annulled due to doping offense. Mariya Savinova of Russia's time of 1:55.87 set in Tula on 5 July 2008 was annulled due to doping offence. World junior records are held by Pamela Jelimo. Both marks coincidentally rank them as the third fastest ever. A Known as the World Indoor
David Lekuta Rudisha, MBS is a Kenyan middle-distance runner. He is the 2012 and 2016 Olympic champion, 2-time World Champion, world record holder in the 800 metres. Rudisha is the first and only person to run under 1:41 for the event, he holds the three fastest, six of the eight fastest, half of the twenty fastest times run in this event, he holds the world's best time in the 500m, with a time of 57.69, the African record for the 600m, with a time of 1:13.10. Rudisha has won a record 3 consecutive Track & Field Athlete of the Year awards, won the IAAF World Athlete of the Year award in 2010. Born on 17 December 1988 in Kilgoris, Narok County, Rudisha went to Kimuron Secondary School in Iten, Keiyo District, known for nurturing several top runners including Wilson Kipketer, the previous 800 m world record holder, who had held the record for several years before Rudisha joined the school. In April 2005 Japheth Kimutai recommended Rudisha to James Templeton, Rudisha joined the group of runners managed by Templeton, which has at various time included Kimutai, Bernard Lagat and Augustine Choge.
He was a 400 metres runner, but his coach, Irishman Colm O'Connell, prompted him to try 800 m. In 2006 he became the world junior champion over that distance. Rudisha competed at the 2009 World Athletics Championships. In September 2009, Rudisha won the IAAF Grand Prix meeting in Rieti, posting a new African record of 1:42.01, beating the 25-year-old record of 1:42.28 set by compatriot Sammy Koskei. That effort put him in fourth place on the all-time list. In the 2010 IAAF Diamond League, he took on Abubaker Kaki at the Bislett Games in June, he defeated Sebastian Coe's 31-year-old meet record with a run of 1:42.04, giving him another place in the top-ten fastest 800 m and leaving Kaki the consolation of the fastest non-winning time. On 10 July 2010, Rudisha ran the 800 m in 1:41.51 at the KBC Night of Athletics in Belgium. On 22 August 2010 Rudisha broke Wilson Kipketer's 800 m World Record two days before the anniversary of that record with a time of 1:41.09 while racing in the ISATF meeting in Berlin.
Just a week he broke the record again at the Rieti Diamond League Meeting, lowering it to 1:41.01 In November 2010, at the age of 21, he became the youngest athlete to win the IAAF World Athlete of the Year award. He won the Kenyan Sportsman of the Year award. With a time of 1:41.74, Rudisha set the United States all comers 800 m record at the 2012 adidas Grand Prix at Icahn Stadium in New York City. He guaranteed his selection for the Kenyan Olympic team for the first time with a win at the Kenyan trials, running a time of 1:42.12 minutes—the fastest recorded at altitude. Rudisha holds the world record of 1:40.91 for the 800 m, set at the London 2012 Olympics on 9 August 2012. He has six of the top eight fastest times in the 800m. On 9 August 2012 at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Rudisha led from start to finish to win gold in what was acclaimed "The Greatest 800 Meter Race Ever". In so doing, he became the first and, so far, only runner to break the 1:41 barrier for 800 m. From the start of the race, Rudisha led and pulled away from the rest of the field after 200 metres, completing the first lap in 49.28 seconds.
By 600 metres his lead had grown to several metres. He continued to pull away until the final straight, where second place Nigel Amos was able to gain some ground as Rudisha strained, but the gap was much too great to close, Rudisha crossed the line in a world-record time of 1:40.91. Rudisha's competitors all ran exceptional times. Sports Illustrated's David Epstein reported that the race "is best told in 16 letters: WR, NR, PB, PB, PB, NR, SB, PB." The silver medallist, had to be carried from the track on a stretcher after setting the world junior record and make him only the fifth man in history to run under 1:42, something Rudisha has now done seven times. "With Rudisha breaking 1:41, two men under 1:42, five under 1:43 and all eight under 1:44," noted the IAAF, "it was the greatest depth 800m race in history." Every competitor ran the fastest time in history for their placing. It was the first time in international 800m history where every competitor ran either a personal or season's best.
The time set by the eighth-placed Andrew Osagie, a personal best of 1:43.77, would have won gold at the three preceding Olympic games in Beijing and Sydney. As well as being the first man to go below 1:41, he broke his own world record, set in 2010. "The splits triggered amazement: 23.4 secs for the first 200 m, 25.88 secs for the second, a critical 25.02 for the third and 26.61 to bring it all home." Rudisha's record was considered notable for the absence of pacemakers, which are not permitted at the Olympics or other major championships. The previous person to win an Olympic 800 m final with a world record was Alberto Juantorena, back in 1976. Rudisha became the first reigning 800 m world champion to win Olympic gold at that distance. Sebastian Coe, of the London Olympics organising committee who himself held the 800m world record for 17 years, said: "It was the performance of the Games, not just of track and field but of the Games", he added: "Bolt was good, Rudisha was magnificent. That is quite a big call but it was the most extraordinary piece of running I have ever seen."
Rudisha had been in good shape coming into the race, having "clocked a staggering 1:42.12 minutes at high altitude in Nairobi during the Kenyan trials. After that he had said'the race was nice and easy'
Eastern New Mexico University
Eastern New Mexico University is a public university in Portales, New Mexico. ENMU is New Mexico's largest regional comprehensive university and is the most founded state university in New Mexico, it is a federally designated Hispanic-serving institution and a member of the Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities. The university consists of 5 colleges on three campuses. ENMU's main campus is located in Portales and there are two degree-granting branches, one at Ruidoso and one Roswell; the New Mexico legislature approved the construction and staffing of a normal school in eastern New Mexico in 1927, approved appropriation for construction in 1929, but the Stock Market Crash of 1929 and the Great Depression hindered the school's opening, delayed until 1934. From 1934 to 1940, the institution, first named Eastern New Mexico Junior College operated as a community college. In 1940, the third and fourth years of college were first offered, leading to a bachelor's degree, the institution was renamed Eastern New Mexico College.
ENMC was accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools as a four-year liberal arts college in 1946-47. Graduate work leading to the master's degree in some departments was added in 1949, on April 5, 1949, the Board of Regents approved the change of the institution's name to Eastern New Mexico University. ENMU's main campus, consisting of 344 acres, is located in Portales on the extreme eastern border of New Mexico, in the Eastern New Mexico/Llano Estacado region about halfway between the northern and southern boundaries of the state. ENMU owns KENW and KENW-FM, a public television and radio station that are housed and operated on the main campus; the ENMU Ruidoso Campus is a two-year college or community college and an official Branch of ENMU. Undergraduate and graduate course work completed at the ENMU-Ruidoso Branch campus is transferable for credit towards an undergraduate or graduate degree at ENMU-Portales, other undergraduate/graduate institutions in the United States.
In 1991, the Ruidoso location had been established as the ENMU Ruidoso Branch Community College and offered two-year college academic and vocational programs. ENMU-Ruidoso offers Certificates of Completion, Associate of Science, Associate of Arts, Associate of Applied Science degrees, as well as community education classes, customized training workshops, adult basic education courses, it operates a One-Stop Career Center which provides free employment services for employers and job seekers in Lincoln County. The Center offers both an vocational curriculum; the ENMU Roswell Campus a two-year branch, offers a wide variety of programs. The branch was established in the fall of 1958. In the spring of 1967, the institution moved to 12 buildings on 241 acres of the former Walker Air Force Base.. ENMU offers online degrees. ENMU's online degrees in the fields of business and education are the most affordable in the U. S. ENMU consists of four colleges and a graduate school: College of BusinessCollege of Education and TechnologyDepartment of Educational Studies Department of Curriculum and Instruction Department of Family and Consumer Sciences and Agriculture Department of Health and Physical EducationCollege of Fine ArtsDepartment of Art Department of Communication Department of Music Department of Theatre and Digital FilmmakingCollege of Liberal Arts and SciencesDepartment of Anthropology and Applied Archaeology Department of Biology Department of Health and Human Services Department of History, Social Sciences and Religion Department of Languages and Literature Department of Mathematical Sciences Department of Physical Sciences Department of Psychology and Political ScienceGraduate SchoolAnthropology Biology Business Administration Chemistry Analytical Chemistry Biochemistry Organic Chemistry Physical Chemistry Communication Communicative Disorders Counseling Education Alternative Licensure Elementary Education Secondary Education Special Education Bilingual Education Career and Technical Education Early Childhood Education Education Administration Educational Technology Gifted Education Pedagogy Pedagogy and Learning Reading/Literacy School Counseling Secondary Education Special Education Special Education Pedagogy Physical Education Coaching Sport Administration Nursing Among ENMU's other facilities are 5 museums, an art gallery, a library.
The Golden Library provides information, resources and technology to students and staff and houses a number of special collections. Jack Williamson Science Fiction LibraryThe Jack Williamson Science Fiction Library is part of the special collections at ENMU Golden Library and has one of the top science fiction collections in the world, it contains more than 30,000 volumes, including science fiction books, SF pulps dating back to the early 1900s, manuscripts and photographs. Runnels GalleryThe Runnels Gallery is an exhibit space open to the public that features art by ENMU students, ENMU faculty, guest artists. Runnels Gallery has hosted national juried exhibitions for artists working in various mediums including two-dimensional, three-dimensional and photograph