James Lloyd Spencer was a Major League Baseball first baseman. Born in Hanover, the left-handed Spencer was recognized for his excellent fielding ability, but served in years as a designated hitter. Spencer was drafted by the California Angels in the first round of the 1965 Major League Baseball Draft upon graduation from Andover High School in Linthicum, Maryland. After batting.292 with 28 home runs and 96 runs batted in for the El Paso Sun Kings in 1968, Spencer earned a September call-up to the Angels. In nineteen games, he batted.191 with five RBIs. Spencer began the 1969 season assigned to the Hawaii Islanders, but with former All-Star Dick Stuart not panning out at first base, he was back with the Angels by May. In just his second start of the season, he went four-for-five against the Baltimore Orioles. For the season, he batted.254 with 31 RBIs. While Spencer's offensive numbers improved in 1970, his fielding improved more-so, as he led the American League with 1212 put-outs at first and a.995 fielding percentage to win the Gold Glove award.
Injuries limited Spencer to 82 games in 1972. A month into the 1973 season, Spencer was traded to the Texas Rangers with Lloyd Allen for Mike Epstein, Rich Hand and Rick Stelmaszek. Spencer was batting.300 for the Rangers. He had one at-bat in the game, flew out to left field. Despite the fact that Spencer committed just one error in 1973 and one in 1974, he began seeing more time at DH with Mike Hargrove assuming most of the first base duties, he regained the first base job in 1975 with Hargrove shifting to left field, but after the season, he was dealt back to the Angels for Bill Singer in order to allow Hargrove to shift back to his natural position. A day after acquiring him, the Angels traded Spencer and Morris Nettles to the Chicago White Sox for Steve Dunning and Bill Melton. In 1976, Spencer had career highs in RBIs and stolen bases, he played 143 games, only had 2 errors throughout the season, turning 116 double plays, good for a.998 fielding percentage. On May 14, 1977, Spencer enjoyed eight RBI game against the Cleveland Indians.
He followed that up with a second two home run, eight RBI game on July 2 against the Minnesota Twins. For the season, he batted.247 with eighteen home runs and 69 RBIs, won his second career Gold Glove. Following the season, he was traded with minor leaguers Bob Polinsky and Tommy Cruz to the New York Yankees for Stan Thomas and minor leaguer Ed Ricks. While backing up Chris Chambliss at first base, Spencer saw most of his playing time at DH in New York, he reached the post-season for the first time in his career in 1978. He did not appear in the 1978 American League Championship Series against the Kansas City Royals, however, he appeared in four of the six games of the World Series, had two hits in twelve at-bats. Spencer's career high in home runs came in 1979 with the Yankees, in a year that he only got 295 at-bats, he only had 85 hits on the season, 41 of which were for extra bases, giving him a.593 slugging percentage. His most memorable at-bat of the season occurred on July 13 against Nolan Ryan.
Ryan had a no-hitter going. Centerfielder Rick Miller could not handle it; the official scorer ruled it an error. Reggie Jackson ended Ryan's no-hit bid in the ninth. During Spring training 1981, Spencer was dealt to the Pittsburgh Pirates for Jason Thompson, however the trade was nixed by Commissioner Bowie Kuhn. On May 20, he and pitcher Tom Underwood were dealt to the Oakland Athletics for Mike Patterson, Dave Revering and minor leaguer Chuck Dougherty. Spencer batted only.191 while in Oakland, was released early in the 1982 season. In 1973, Spencer had a.999 fielding percentage with only one error in the 125 games he played at first base. The next year, he had only 1 error in 60 games at a. 998 fielding percentage. On February 10, 2002, Spencer died of a heart attack in Fort Lauderdale, Florida at the age of 54; the night before his death, Spencer played first base in a charity baseball game benefiting the Joe DiMaggio Children's Hospital in Hollywood, Florida. He was buried at the Mount Pleasant United Methodist Church Cemetery in Maryland.
Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube Baseball Gauge Retrosheet Venezuelan Professional Baseball League
Jeffrey Hoke Brantley, is an American former professional baseball relief pitcher, who played in Major League Baseball for 14 seasons, from 1988 to 2001. Brantley is a broadcaster for the Cincinnati Reds. Brantley lettered in three sports at W. A. Berry High School. Brantley was the quarterback on Berry state championship football team. Brantley played college baseball at Mississippi State University, where he was a teammate of Will Clark, Rafael Palmeiro and Bobby Thigpen on a Bulldogs team that participated in the 1985 College World Series, he is the co-holder of the SEC record for career wins by a pitcher with 45, along with University of South Carolina and Pittsburgh Pirates pitcher Kip Bouknight. Brantley played for the San Francisco Giants, Cincinnati Reds, St. Louis Cardinals and Philadelphia Phillies, all of the National League, the Texas Rangers of the American League, he was a member of the 1989 Giants that defeated the Chicago Cubs to win the National League pennant and lost to the Oakland A's in the World Series.
In the World Series, he pitched in three games with an ERA of 4.15. Brantley was an All-Star in 1990, finishing the season with a 5-3 record and a 1.56 ERA. He led the National League in 1996 with 44 saves. In 2010, he was inducted into the Mississippi Sports Hall of Fame. Brantley was a color commentator for ESPN broadcasts of Major League Baseball games and an in-studio contributor for Baseball Tonight from 2002 through 2006. In 2007, he joined the radio broadcast team of the Cincinnati Reds on the Cincinnati Reds Radio Network, joining Marty Brennaman and Thom Brennaman and the FSN Ohio television broadcast team with Chris Welsh and George Grande, he and his wife, are the parents of a daughter, a son, Mason. Brantley has two children from his first marriage and Murphy. List of Major League Baseball annual saves leaders List of Major League Baseball all-time saves leaders Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet Jeff Brantley at Baseball Almanac
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play with 15 teams in each league; the NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000; the organization oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament. Baseball's first all-professional team was founded in Cincinnati in 1869; the first few decades of professional baseball were characterized by rivalries between leagues and by players who jumped from one team or league to another. The period before 1920 in baseball was known as the dead-ball era. Baseball survived a conspiracy to fix the 1919 World Series, which came to be known as the Black Sox Scandal.
The sport rose in popularity in the 1920s, survived potential downturns during the Great Depression and World War II. Shortly after the war, Jackie Robinson broke baseball's color barrier; the 1950s and 1960s were a time of expansion for the AL and NL new stadiums and artificial turf surfaces began to change the game in the 1970s and 1980s. Home runs dominated the game during the 1990s, media reports began to discuss the use of anabolic steroids among Major League players in the mid-2000s. In 2006, an investigation produced the Mitchell Report, which implicated many players in the use of performance-enhancing substances, including at least one player from each team. Today, MLB is composed of 1 in Canada. Teams play 162 games each season and five teams in each league advance to a four-round postseason tournament that culminates in the World Series, a best-of-seven championship series between the two league champions that dates to 1903. Baseball broadcasts are aired on television and the Internet throughout North America and in several other countries throughout the world.
MLB has the highest season attendance of any sports league in the world with more than 73 million spectators in 2015. MLB is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution; this document has undergone several incarnations since its creation in 1876. Under the direction of the Commissioner of Baseball, MLB hires and maintains the sport's umpiring crews, negotiates marketing and television contracts. MLB maintains a unique, controlling relationship over the sport, including most aspects of Minor League Baseball; this is due in large part to the 1922 U. S. Supreme Court ruling in Federal Baseball Club v. National League, which held that baseball is not interstate commerce and therefore not subject to federal antitrust law; this ruling has been weakened only in subsequent years. The weakened ruling granted more stability to the owners of teams and has resulted in values increasing at double-digit rates. There were several challenges to MLB's primacy in the sport between the 1870s and the Federal League in 1916.
The chief executive of MLB is the commissioner Rob Manfred. The chief operating officer is Tony Petitti. There are five other executives: president, chief communications officer, chief legal officer, chief financial officer, chief baseball officer; the multimedia branch of MLB, based in Manhattan, is MLB Advanced Media. This branch oversees each of the 30 teams' websites, its charter states that MLB Advanced Media holds editorial independence from the league, but it is under the same ownership group and revenue-sharing plan. MLB Productions is a structured wing of the league, focusing on video and traditional broadcast media. MLB owns 67 percent of MLB Network, with the other 33 percent split between several cable operators and satellite provider DirecTV, it operates out of studios in Secaucus, New Jersey, has editorial independence from the league. In 1920, the weak National Commission, created to manage relationships between the two leagues, was replaced with the much more powerful Commissioner of Baseball, who had the power to make decisions for all of professional baseball unilaterally.
From 1901 to 1960, the American and National Leagues fielded eight teams apiece. In the 1960s, MLB expansion added eight teams, including the first non-U. S. Team. Two teams were added in the 1970s. From 1969 through 1993, each league consisted of an West Division. A third division, the Central Division, was formed in each league in 1994; until 1996, the two leagues met on the field only during the All-Star Game. Regular-season interleague play was introduced in 1997. In March 1995 two new franchises, the Arizona Diamondbacks and Tampa Bay Devil Rays, were awarded by MLB, to begin play in 1998; this addition brought the total number of franchises to 30. In early 1997, MLB decided to assign one new team to each league: Tampa Bay joined the AL and Arizona joined the NL; the original plan was to have an odd number of teams in each league, but in order for every team to be able to play daily, this would have required interleague play to be scheduled throughout the entire season. However, it
Peter Joseph Incaviglia is an American former professional baseball left fielder, who played in Major League Baseball for 12 seasons (1986–1998, for six different big league teams spending one year in Nippon Professional Baseball. Incaviglia was drafted in the first round by the Montreal Expos in the 1985 Major League Baseball draft out of Oklahoma State University, but was traded the same year to the Texas Rangers, he debuted in the major leagues on April 8, 1986, without having spent any time in the minor leagues. His last game was on September 27, 1998. Incaviglia was noted for his power hitting ability, but for his tendency to strike out. During his MLB career, he struck out 1,277 times, while leading the league twice, 1986 and 1988. Incaviglia owns the several single-season National Collegiate Athletic Association records, including home runs and runs batted in, respectively. At Oklahoma State, Incaviglia became one of the greatest power hitters in College Baseball history. In three seasons he amassed 100 home runs and had a career slugging percentage of.915.
In his junior season, he hit 48 home runs and finished the year with an NCAA record 1.140 slugging percentage. He led Oklahoma State to the College World Series in each of his three seasons, he is still the NCAA Division I baseball all-time leader in home runs in a career and home runs in a season. He was elected to the College Baseball Hall of Fame in 2007. Incaviglia's rookie season came in 1986. Drafted by the Montreal Expos, he refused to play a day in the minor leagues, he was traded to the Texas Rangers in exchange for Jim Anderson. The Rangers would grant the request and make him the 15th player in Major League history to debut in the majors without playing minor league ball since the amateur draft began in 1965, he had the tenth most home runs in the league and set a Rangers club record, but struck out the most times in 1986, holds eighth place on the single-season strikeout record. His rookie season set a standard. In 1987, his home run output decreased by three, but his batting average climbed 21 points, he had a better slugging percentage, he cut down his strikeouts by 17.
Incaviglia hit at least 20 home runs in all with Texas. His playing time and production dropped thereafter in single seasons with Detroit and Houston, but his career received a boost when he was signed by the Philadelphia Phillies before the 1993 season, he and fellow outfielder Jim Eisenreich were key acquisitions for the team that would go on to win the division and reach the World Series. In just 368 at-bats, Incaviglia hit 24 home drove in a career-best 89 runs, he posted career highs in OPS and WAR. As a result of the Expos trading Incaviglia after signing him, Major League Baseball instituted a rule whereby a team cannot trade a drafted player until he has been under contract to the club for at least one year; this was known as the Pete Incaviglia Rule. The rule was changed during the 2015 season, allowing teams to trade drafted players the day after the World Series concludes. Incaviglia was the hitting coach for the Erie Seawolves, the Detroit Tigers Class AA affiliate in the Eastern League, for the three seasons, but was dismissed at the end of the 2006 season.
Incaviglia was announced as the first manager of the Grand Prairie AirHogs on October 24, 2007. The AirHogs began play in May 2008 in the American Association of Independent Professional Baseball and reached the Southern Division playoffs in his first season as their manager. After five seasons as manager of the Laredo Lemurs—even winning the 2015 American Association championship—he returned to the AirHogs as hitting coach after the Lemurs shut down operations prior to the 2017 season. On November 6, 2017, Incaviglia was announced as the second manager of the Sugar Land Skeeters of the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball, a position vacated by Gary Gaetti. On December 20, 2007 Incaviglia was named in Jason Grimsley's unsealed affidavit as an alleged user of amphetamines. List of baseball players who went directly to Major League Baseball List of Major League Baseball career home run leaders Career statistics and player information from MLB, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet Pete Incaviglia at Baseball Gauge Pete Incaviglia at Astros Daily
The Minnesota Twins are an American professional baseball team based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The team competes in the Central division of the American League, is named after the Twin Cities area comprising Minneapolis and St. Paul; the franchise won the World Series in 1924 as the Washington Senators, in 1987 and 1991 as the Twins. The franchise moved from Washington, D. C. to Minnesota at the start of the 1961 season. The Twins played in Metropolitan Stadium from 1961 to 1981 and the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome from 1982 to 2009; the team played its inaugural game at Target Field on April 12, 2010. Through the 2017 season, the team has fielded 18 American League batting champions; the team has hosted five All-Star Games: 1937 and 1956 in Washington, D. C, 1965, 1985 and 2014 in Minneapolis-St. Paul; the team was founded in Washington, D. C. in 1901 as one of the eight original teams of the American League, named the Washington Senators or Washington Nationals. The team endured long bouts of mediocrity immortalized in the 1955 Broadway musical Damn Yankees.
The Washington Senators spent the first decade of their existence finishing near the bottom of the American League standings. Their fortunes began to improve with the arrival of 19-year-old pitcher, Walter Johnson, in 1907. Johnson blossomed in 1911 with 25 victories, although the Senators still finished the season in seventh place. In 1912, the Senators improved as their pitching staff led the league in team earned run average and in strikeouts. Johnson won 33 games while teammate Bob Groom added another 24 wins to help the Senators finish the season in second place. Manager Clark Griffith joined the team in 1912 and became the team's owner in 1920; the Senators continued to perform respectably in 1913 with Johnson posting a career-high 35 victories, as the team once again finished in second place. The Senators fell into another period of decline for the next decade; the team had a period of prolonged success in the 1920s and 1930s, led by Walter Johnson, as well as additional Hall-of-Famer Bucky Harris, Goose Goslin, Sam Rice, Heinie Manush, Joe Cronin.
In particular, a rejuvenated Johnson rebounded in 1924 to win 23 games with the help of his catcher, Muddy Ruel, as the Senators won the American League pennant for the first time in the history of the franchise. The Senators faced John McGraw's favored New York Giants in the 1924 World Series; the two teams traded wins forth with three games of the first six being decided by one run. In the deciding 7th game, the Senators were trailing the Giants 3 to 1 in the 8th inning when Bucky Harris hit a routine ground ball to third which hit a pebble and took a bad hop over Giants third baseman Freddie Lindstrom. Two runners scored on the play. An aging Walter Johnson came in to pitch the ninth inning, held the Giants scoreless into extra innings. In the bottom of the twelfth inning with Ruel at bat, he hit a high, foul ball directly over home plate; the Giants' catcher, Hank Gowdy, dropped his protective mask to field the ball but, failing to toss the mask aside, stumbled over it and dropped the ball, thus giving Ruel another chance to bat.
On the next pitch, Ruel hit a double and proceeded to score the winning run when Earl McNeely hit a ground ball that took another bad hop over Lindstrom's head. This would mark the only World Series triumph for the franchise during their 60-year tenure in Washington; the following season they repeated as American League champions but lost the 1925 World Series to the Pittsburgh Pirates. After Walter Johnson's retirement in 1927, he was hired as manager of the Senators. After enduring a few losing seasons, the team returned to contention in 1930. In 1933, Senators owner Clark Griffith returned to the formula that worked for him nine years prior: 26-year-old shortstop Joe Cronin became player-manager; the Senators posted a 99–53 record and cruised to the pennant seven games ahead of the New York Yankees, but in the 1933 World Series the Giants exacted their revenge winning in five games. Following the loss, the Senators sank all the way to seventh place in 1934 and attendance began to fall. Despite the return of Harris as manager from 1935–42 and again from 1950–54, Washington was a losing ball club for the next 25 years contending for the pennant only during World War II.
Washington came to be known as "first in war, first in peace, last in the American League", with their hard luck being crucial to the plot of the musical and film Damn Yankees. Cecil Travis, Buddy Myer, Roy Sievers, Mickey Vernon, Eddie Yost were notable Senators players whose careers were spent in obscurity due to the team's lack of success. In 1954, the Senators signed future Hall of Fame member Harmon Killebrew. By 1959 he was the Senators’ regular third baseman and led the league with 42 home runs earning him a starting spot on the American League All-Star team. After Griffith's death in 1955, his nephew and adopted son Calvin took over the team presidency. Calvin sold Griffith Stadium to the city of Washington and leased it back leading to speculation that the team was planning to move as the Boston Braves, St. Louis Browns and Philadelphia Athletics had all done in the early 1950s. By 1957, after an early flirtation with San Francisco, Griffith began courting Minneapolis–St. Paul, a prolonged process that resulted in his rejecting the Twin Cities' first offer before agreeing to relocate.
The American League opposed the move at first, but in 1960 a deal was reached
Frank Daryl Tanana is a former Major League Baseball left-handed pitcher. He was the California Angels' first-round draft pick in 1971. From 1973 to 1993, he pitched for six teams: the Angels, Boston Red Sox, Texas Rangers, Detroit Tigers, New York Mets, New York Yankees. In his prime, Tanana was known for a 100+ MPH fastball, which he abruptly lost when he injured his arm. However, he was able to continue his career. Throughout his career, he accumulated 34 shutouts, 4000 innings pitched, nearly 2800 strikeouts, he is one of only 23 major league pitchers to have struck out at least 2700 batters in his career. Tanana attended Detroit Catholic Central High School and California State University, Fullerton before embarking on his baseball career. Tanana's father named Frank, had played professional baseball in the 1950s and was on the 1955 Eastern League championship team, the Reading Indians, before he left baseball and joined the Detroit Police Department. Along with Nolan Ryan, Tanana anchored the pitching staff of the California Angels from 1973 to 1979.
This led to the saying, "Tanana and Ryan and two days of cryin'", an indication of just how much the two meant to the rotation. On June 21, 1975, Tanana struck out 17 batters in one game; the Angels' offense did not always measure up to its top twosome. Tanana had had another 13-inning shutout no-decision in 1975 against the White Sox, is the only pitcher with two such outings. Tanana appeared in three consecutive All-Star Games from 1976 to 1978, led the league in strikeouts in 1975 as well as in earned run average and shutouts in 1977. Tanana missed two months of the 1979 season with a shoulder injury, but was able to pitch in September and during the post-season. On January 23, 1981, the Angels traded him to the Boston Red Sox along with Jim Dorsey and Joe Rudi for Steve Renko and Fred Lynn. Tanana pitched for the Red Sox for a single season, earning only 4 victories against 10 losses before being granted free agency on November 13, 1981. Tanana signed as a free agent with Texas Rangers on January 6, 1982.
In 1984, he was named the pitcher of the year for the team as he went 15-15 with a 3.25 earned run average. He was traded by the Rangers to the Detroit Tigers for minor-league pitcher Duane James on June 20, 1985. Tanana returned home to Detroit due to the trade signed free agent contracts with the team in 1988 and 1989 to stay with the team until 1992. On the final day of the 1987 season, Tanana pitched a 1-0 complete game shutout over the 2nd place Toronto Blue Jays to clinch the American League East title for the Tigers, he was referred to as "the great tantalizer" because of his wide array of slow offspeed pitches. These he managed to mix effectively, frustrating opposing batters and making an 88 mph fastball surprising and effective when slipped in after a steady diet of breaking balls, it was during this time that ESPN's Baseball Tonight would refer to him as "the guy who threw 90 in the 70s and 70 in the 90s." Tanana signed as a free agent with the Mets for the 1993 season, winning 7 games for the last place team before being traded to the New York Yankees for Kenny Greer in an attempt to capture the pennant with the 1993-09-17 trade.
He lost 2 of his three starts for the Yankees and they did not reach the post-season. In 1993, Tanana became one of only two pitchers in MLB history to give up a home run to both Hank Aaron and Barry Bonds, he converted to Protestantism midway through his career and became a leader in the Christian community within professional baseball. Tanana has been married to Cathy Mull since 1978, they have four sons-in-law and now reside in Farmington Hills, Michigan. Both serve on the Pro Athletes Outreach Board of Directors, are involved in the Home Plate and Career Impact ministries. In 1996, Tanana was inducted into the National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame, in 2006, Tanana was inducted into the Michigan Sports Hall of Fame. List of Major League Baseball career wins leaders List of Major League Baseball annual ERA leaders List of Major League Baseball annual strikeout leaders List of Major League Baseball career hit batsmen leaders Home runs allowed List of Major League Baseball career strikeout leaders Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference Information on Tanana at Baseball Library.com
The Baltimore Orioles are an American professional baseball team based in Baltimore, Maryland. As one of the American League's eight charter teams in 1901, this particular franchise spent its first year as a major league club in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, as the Milwaukee Brewers before moving to St. Louis, Missouri, to become the St. Louis Browns. After 52 often-beleaguered years in St. Louis, the franchise was purchased in November 1953 by a syndicate of Baltimore business and civic interests led by attorney/civic activist Clarence Miles and Mayor Thomas D'Alesandro Jr; the team's current majority owner is lawyer Peter Angelos. The Orioles adopted their team name in honor of the official state bird of Maryland. Nicknames for the team include the "O's" and the "Birds"; the Orioles experienced their greatest success from 1966 to 1983, when they made six World Series appearances, winning three of them. This era of the club featured several future Hall of Famers who would be inducted representing the Orioles, such as third baseman Brooks Robinson, outfielder Frank Robinson, starting pitcher Jim Palmer, first baseman Eddie Murray, shortstop Cal Ripken Jr. and manager Earl Weaver.
The Orioles have won a total of nine division championships, six pennants, three wild card berths. After suffering a stretch of 14 straight losing seasons from 1998 to 2011, the team qualified for the postseason three times under manager Buck Showalter and general manager Dan Duquette, including a division title and advancement to the American League Championship Series for the first time in 17 years in 2014. However, the 2018 team finished with a franchise-worst record of 47–115, prompting the team to move on from Showalter and Duquette following the season's conclusion; the Orioles' current manager is Brandon Hyde, while Mike Elias serves as general manager and executive vice president. The Orioles are well known for their influential ballpark, Oriole Park at Camden Yards, which opened in 1992 in downtown Baltimore; the modern Orioles franchise can trace its roots back to the original Milwaukee Brewers of the minor Western League, beginning in 1894, when the league reorganized. The Brewers were there when the WL renamed itself the American League in 1900.
At the end of the 1900 season, the American League removed itself from baseball's National Agreement. Two months the AL declared itself a competing major league; as a result of several franchise shifts, the Brewers were one of only two Western League teams that didn't fold, move or get kicked out of the league. In its first game in the American League, the team lost to the Detroit Tigers 14–13 after surrendering a nine-run lead in the 9th inning. To this day, it is a major league record for the biggest deficit overcome that late in the game. In the first American League season in 1901, they finished last with a record of 48–89, its lone Major League season, the team played at Lloyd Street Grounds, between 16th and 18th Streets in Milwaukee. After one year in Milwaukee the club relocated to St Louis, for a while enjoyed some success in the 1920s behind Hall of Fame first baseman George Sisler. However, the team's fortunes declined from on, as playing success and gate receipts instead went to the Browns' own tenants at Sportsman's Park, the National League Cardinals.
During this period the Browns only won one pennant, in the 1944 season stocked with wartime replacement players, lost to the Cardinals in the third and last World Series played in one ballpark. In 1953, with the Browns unable to afford stadium upkeep, owner Bill Veeck sold Sportsman's Park to the Cards and attempted to move the club back to Milwaukee, but this was vetoed by the other Major League owners. Instead, Veeck sold his franchise to a partnership of Baltimore businessmen; the Miles-Krieger -Hoffberger group renamed their new team the Baltimore Orioles soon after taking control of the franchise. The name has a rich history in Baltimore. In 1901, Baltimore and John McGraw were awarded an expansion franchise in the growing American League, naming the team the Orioles. After a battle with Ban Johnson, the Head of the American League in 1902, McGraw took many of the top players including Walter Scott "Steve" Brodie, Dan McGann, Roger Bresnahan, Joe McGinnity to the New York Giants; as an affront to Johnson, McGraw kept the black and orange colors of the New York Giants, which San Francisco wears to this day.
In 1903, the franchise—the remaining players and debts, the corporation—was transferred to New York where they were nicknamed the Highlanders until circa 1912, by which time Yanks or Yankees had taken over as their popular moniker. As a member of the high-minor league level International League, the Orioles competed at what is now known as the AAA level from 1903 to 1953; when Oriole Park burned down in 1944, the team moved to a temporary home, Municipal Stadium, where they won the Junior World Series. Their large postseason crowds caught the attention of the major leagues leading to a new MLB franchise in Baltimore. After starting the 1954 campaign with a two-game split agai