World Baseball Classic
The World Baseball Classic is an international baseball tournament sanctioned from 2006 to 2013 by the International Baseball Federation and after 2013 by the World Baseball Softball Confederation. It was proposed to the IBAF by Major League Baseball, the Major League Baseball Players Association, other professional baseball leagues and their players associations around the world, it is the main baseball tournament sanctioned by the WBSC, which grants to the winner the title of "World Champion". It coexisted with Olympic Baseball and the Baseball World Cup as IBAF-sanctioned tournaments, but baseball has not been on the Olympic program since 2008, after it was voted out by the International Olympic Committee in 2005; the final men's Baseball World Cup was held in 2011, was discontinued to streamline the international calendar. The tournament is the first of its kind to have the national teams of IBAF's member federations feature professional players from the major leagues around the world, including Major League Baseball.
In addition to providing a format for the best baseball players in the world to compete against one another while representing their home countries, the World Baseball Classic was created in order to further promote the game around the globe. After a three-year gap between the first two installments of the tournament, plans were made for the World Baseball Classic to be repeated every four years following the 2009 event; the third installment of the Classic was held in 2013, the fourth was held in 2017. Modeled after the FIFA World Cup and organized in large part as a response to the International Olympic Committee's decision to remove baseball as an Olympic sport in 2005, the WBC has grown into a major sporting event worldwide, though to a lesser extent in the United States. In fact, the final series in 2006 and 2009 rank among the highest-rated sporting events in Japanese television history; the 16-team field for the inaugural 2006 tournament was pre-selected, featuring the countries judged to be the "best baseball-playing nations" in the world.
The tournament format featured round-robin group play in the first and second rounds, followed by single-elimination semifinals and finals. The first game in WBC history saw South Korea defeat Chinese Taipei 2-0 before a crowd of 5,193 at the Tokyo Dome on March 3, 2006. South Korea went on to advance to the semifinals with a 6–0 record but lost to Japan for a berth in the final game. Meanwhile, Cuba defeated the Dominican Republic in the other semifinal. Japan defeated Cuba 10–6 to be crowned the first champion of the World Baseball Classic; the 2009 tournament featured the same 16 teams as 2006, but the controversial round-robin format from 2006 was replaced by a modified double-elimination format for the first two rounds. The eight teams advancing from the first round were the same as in 2006, except for a "Cinderella" performance by the Netherlands, which twice defeated the Dominican Republic to reach the second round. In the semifinals, South Korea defeated Venezuela. Japan emerged victorious for the second straight Classic, winning the final game over South Korea 5–3 in 10 innings.
The buildup to the 2013 tournament included a qualifying round for the first time, with the four lowest finishers from 2009 having to re-qualify against 12 additional teams. This resulted in two new nations making their first appearances in the WBC, as Brazil and Spain replaced Panama and South Africa; the round-robin format was revived for the tournament's first-round, while the second-round remained double-elimination. Italy was the biggest surprise in the early stages of the tournament, making it to the second round with wins over Canada and Mexico; the tournament ended in an all-Caribbean championship game, with the Dominican Republic defeating Puerto Rico, which had upset two-time champion Japan in the semifinals. The Dominican Republic became the first team to go undefeated through the tournament; the 2017 tournament returned to the format used in 2006, where both the first and second rounds were round-robin, though with the addition of tiebreaker games if needed. Colombia and Israel qualified for the first time, with Israel, using a roster of Jewish American players, able to reach the second round in its WBC debut.
Defending champion Dominican Republic extended its WBC winning streak to 11 games, dating to the 2013 tournament, before being eliminated in the second round. The United States won its first WBC championship, defeating Japan and Puerto Rico in the semifinals and finals, respectively. Puerto Rico had been undefeated in the tournament before losing in the final, in game where its most important pitchers were not allowed to play due to WBC rules. In semifinals, Puerto Rico defeated Netherlands in a historic 4+ hour-game, while USA defeated Japan in an unusually short game; the first two iterations of the Classic featured the same 16 teams, chosen by invitation. A qualifying round was added leading into the 2013 tournament and takes place in the year before the WBC proper; the top 12 finishing teams from each WBC are automatically entered in the next edition, while the four lowest finishers are relegated to the qualifying round. Qualifying consists of four four-team modified double-elimination tournaments, with the winners earning the last four slots in the main tournament.
The addition of qualifying has so far allowed four nations from outside the original 16 to compete in the WBC. After
Dylan Lee Floro is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball. He played for the Tampa Bay Rays, Chicago Cubs and Cincinnati Reds. Floro attended Buhach Colony High School in California. During his high school career he had a 33–5 win-loss record, he was drafted by the Tampa Bay Rays in the 20th round of the 2009 Major League Baseball draft but did not sign and attended California State University Fullerton to play college baseball. He played for the Titans from 2010 to 2012. During his career he went 21 -- 8 with a 3.29 earned 178 strikeouts. Floro was again drafted by this time in the 13th round of the 2012 MLB draft; this time he signed with the Rays and made his professional debut that season with the Hudson Valley Renegades. Pitching for the Bowling Green Hot Rods and Charlotte Stone Crabs in 2013, Floro went 11–2 with a 1.77 ERA and was named the Rays Minor League Pitcher of the Year. In 2014, he pitched for the Double-A Montgomery Biscuits.
In 2015, he pitched for the Triple-A Durham Bulls and was 9-12 with a 5.02 ERA. Floro was called up to the Major Leagues on July 6, 2016, he made his major league debut on July 7 against the Angels. In 2016 with the Rays he was 0-1 with a 4.20 ERA. Floro was waived by the Rays and claimed by the Chicago Cubs on January 17, 2017, was designated for assignment on February 1, he cleared waivers and was assigned to the Triple-A Iowa Cubs on February 4. The Cubs promoted Floro to the major leagues on May 8. In 2017 with the Cubs he was 0-0 with a 6.52 ERA. Floro was claimed off waivers by the Los Angeles Dodgers on August 4, 2017, pitched 8 games for their AAA team and was 0-1 with a 5.56 ERA, was designated for assignment on August 18, 2017. On January 3, 2018, Floro signed a minor league contract with the Cincinnati Reds, he had his contract purchased on April 13, 2018. In 25 appearances, he was 3-2 in 36 1⁄3 innings. Floro was traded back to the Dodgers on July 4 in exchange for Aneurys Zabala. After being acquired, Floro posted strong numbers for the remainder of the season, posting an ERA of 1.63 in 29 games.
He was the losing pitcher in Game 4 of the 2018 World Series. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference Cal State Fullerton Titans bio
2006 World Baseball Classic
The 2006 World Baseball Classic was the inaugural tournament between national baseball teams that included players from Major League Baseball. It was held from March 3 to 20 in stadiums that are around Tokyo, Japan; the first two rounds had a round-robin format, which led to two teams being eliminated on run difference tiebreakers: in the first round, Canada was eliminated despite its 2–1 record, due to a blowout loss to Mexico as well as failing to run up the score on South Africa. The higher-seeded teams advanced to the second round, including Puerto Rico and Venezuela, as well as the teams mentioned elsewhere in this summary. Although South Korea defeated Japan twice in the earlier rounds, they were matched against each other again in the semifinals as the two teams emerging from the same second round pool, Japan won that game to advance to the final against Cuba. Japan defeated Cuba 10–6 to be crowned the first champion of the World Baseball Classic. Daisuke Matsuzaka, a NPB veteran, little-known outside Japan at the time, was crowned the Most Valuable Player of the tournament.
The following year he made his debut with the Boston Red Sox. The first World Baseball Classic featured 16 teams in a round-robin; each team played the other three teams in their pool once. Teams were ranked by winning percentage in the first round, with the top two teams in each pool advancing to the second round, where the teams from Pools A and B and the teams from Pools C and D competed against each other in another round-robin. Teams were ranked by winning percentage in the second round, without regard to the results of the first round, with the top two teams from each pool entered a four-team single-elimination bracket, with the pool winners and runners-up from each pool facing each other in the semifinals; the winners of the semifinals met to determine the World Baseball Classic Champions. In the final, the team with the higher winning percentage of games in the tournament were to be the home team. If the teams competing in the final had identical winning percentages in the tournament World Baseball Classic, Inc. would conduct a coin flip or draw to determine the home team.
In the first two rounds, ties were to be broken in the following order of priority: The winner of head-to-head games between the tied teams. Each participating national federation submitted a 45-man provisional roster. Final rosters of 28 players, which must include a minimum of 13 pitchers and two catchers, were submitted. If a player on the submitted roster was unable to play due to injury, he could be substituted at any time before the start of the tournament. Seven stadiums were used during the tournament: The teams selected for the inaugural World Baseball Classic were chosen because they were judged to be the "best baseball-playing nations in the world and provide global representation for the event." There was no official qualifying competition. NOTE: Tiebreaker notes: HTH − Head-to-head. RA − Runs against. IPD − Innings. RA/9 − The index of /IPD. NOTE: Tiebreaker notes: HTH − Head-to-head. RA − Runs against. IPD − Innings. RA/9 − The index of /IPD. NOTE: Tiebreaker notes: HTH − Head-to-head.
RA − Runs against. IPD − Innings. RA/9 − The index of /IPD. NOTE: Tiebreaker notes: HTH − Head-to-head. RA − Runs against. IPD − Innings. RA/9 − The index of /IPD. NOTE: Tiebreaker notes: HTH − Head-to-head. RA − Runs against. IPD − Innings. RA/9 − The index of /IPD. NOTE: Tiebreaker notes: HTH − Head-to-head. RA − Runs against. IPD − Innings. RA/9 − The index of /IPD. Organizer WBCI did not compute. So, it was calculated by IBAF. In the final standings, ties were to be broken in the following order of priority: The team allowing the fewest runs per nine innings in all games. There were several rule changes from normal major league play. Pitchers were held to a pitch count of 65 pitches in the first round, 80 pitches in the second round, 95 in the championship round. (Netherlands pitcher Shairon Martis used 65 pitches to throw the only no-hitter of the tournament, a 10–0 win over Panama, stopped by the mercy rule [se
Colorado Springs Sky Sox
The Colorado Springs Sky Sox were a Minor League Baseball team in Colorado Springs, Colorado. The team played in the Pacific Coast League and was the Triple-A affiliate of the major league Milwaukee Brewers, Colorado Rockies, Cleveland Indians; the Sky Sox won the PCL title in 1992 and 1995. From 1950 to 1958, the Colorado Springs Sky Sox were a Class A affiliate of the Chicago White Sox in the Western League; the Sky Sox's nickname originated with their affiliation with the White Sox. The Pikes Peak region was without professional baseball for 30 years until 1988, when the Hawaii Islanders of the PCL relocated to Colorado Springs and became the second incarnation of the Sky Sox. From 1988 to 1992 the Sky Sox were the Triple-A affiliate of the Cleveland Indians; when Denver was awarded a major league franchise for the 1993 season, the new Colorado Rockies arranged for the Sky Sox to become their top farm team. During their first season, the Sky Sox moved from Spurgeon Stadium to the brand new Sky Sox Stadium, now known as Security Service Field.
The ballpark, on the eastern edge of Colorado Springs, cost US$3.4 million to build and held 8,500 spectators. In years, the Sky Sox invested over $8 million in ballpark renovations which included a new video scoreboard, redesigned entrance plaza, new picnic facility and banquet hall, it has the highest elevation of any professional ballpark in the United States: its natural grass field sits at 6,531 feet above sea level. On June 21, 2017, team owner David G. Elmore announced the relocation of the Sky Sox Triple-A franchise to San Antonio, Texas, in 2019, with the team continuing to compete in the Pacific Coast League as the San Antonio Missions, who were members of the Double-A Texas League. Concurrent with this move, the Rookie Helena Brewers of the Pioneer League relocated to Colorado Springs, operating as the Rocky Mountain Vibes. Sandy Alomar, Jr. Nolan Arenado Garrett Atkins Brad Ausmus Albert Belle Vinny Castilla Craig Counsell Joe Girardi Jimmy Gobble Carlos González Brad Hawpe Todd Helton Matt Holliday Doug Jones Gabe Kapler Juan Pierre Scott Podsednik Jim Thome Mike Hargrove Charlie Manuel Colorado Springs Sky Sox official website
Frank Menechino is an American former professional baseball infielder. He played in Major League Baseball for the Oakland Athletics and Toronto Blue Jays from 1999 through 2005. Menechino played baseball at Susan E. Wagner High School in New York, he played college baseball at Gulf Coast Community College in Panama City, before transferring to the University of Alabama. He played for Toronto Blue Jays of the American League, he played second base, third base, designated hitter, made two pitching appearances. When he pitched for the A's in 2000, it was the last time the A's had a position player pitch until first baseman Ike Davis in 2015. Hitting 12 home runs and driving in 60 runs, his best year came in 2001 with the Oakland Athletics, In early 2006, Menechino signed a minor league contract with the Cincinnati Reds, but did not make the Major League team out of spring training. On August 17, 2006, Menechino signed a minor league contract with the New York Yankees and was sent to the Triple-A Columbus Clippers where he was a utility man.
On February 10, 2007, Menechino signed a minor league contract with the Colorado Rockies. The Rockies released him June 1, 2007, followed by his contract being picked up by the San Diego Padres and being assigned to the Triple-A Portland Beavers on June 9, 2007, he became a free agent at the end of the season. He played in Italy for Danesi Nettuno for two months in 2008, before retiring after hurting his back. In 2009, Menechino founded the Frank Menechino School for the Blind in order to offer blind children a broader array of opportunities scholastically as well as the baseball field; the School for the Blind's team and "Frank's All-Stars", have a charity baseball event every year on the second Thursday of October, blind awareness month. In recent times, Menechino has achieved a folkloric status among fantasy baseball groups across the country, with numerous leagues bearing his name or pop-culture related moniker such as Menechino Forever, The Legend of Frank Menechino, Frank Menechino's Revenge.
Some leagues have gone a step further by awarding game-worn jerseys autographed by Menechino himself as trophies, with the winning team and year stitched on the garment at the conclusion of each season. On December 22, 2008, Menechino was hired to become the new hitting coach for the New York Yankees' Double-A affiliate, the Trenton Thunder. Menechino coached for the Triple-A Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees in 2011. Menechino was hired by the Miami Marlins as their hitting coach on October 11, 2013; the Marlins fired him after the 2018 season. The Chicago White Sox hired Menechino to be the hitting coach of their Triple-A Affiliate, the Charlotte Knights, for the 2019 season. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference Where are they now? Frank Menechino
Toronto Blue Jays
The Toronto Blue Jays are a Canadian professional baseball team based in Toronto, Ontario. The Blue Jays compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League East division; the team plays its home games at the Rogers Centre. The "Blue Jays" name originates from the bird of the same name, blue is the traditional colour of two of Toronto's other professional sports teams: the Maple Leafs and the Argonauts. In addition, the team was owned by the Labatt Brewing Company, makers of the popular beer Labatt's Blue. Colloquially nicknamed the "Jays", the team's official colours are royal blue, navy blue and white. An expansion franchise, the club was founded in Toronto in 1977. Based at Exhibition Stadium, the team began playing its home games at the SkyDome upon its opening in 1989. Since 2000, the Blue Jays have been owned by Rogers Communications and in 2004, the SkyDome was purchased by that company, which renamed it Rogers Centre, they are the second MLB franchise to be based outside the United States, the only team based outside the U.
S. after the first Canadian franchise, the Montreal Expos, became the Washington Nationals in 2005. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the Blue Jays went through struggles typical of an expansion team finishing in last place in its division. In 1983, the team had its first winning season and two years they became division champions. From 1985 to 1993, they were an AL East powerhouse, winning five division championships in nine seasons, including three consecutive from 1991 to 1993. During that run, the team became back-to-back World Series champions in 1992 and 1993, led by a core group of award-winning All-Star players, including Hall of Famer Roberto Alomar, Joe Carter, John Olerud, Devon White; the Blue Jays became the first team outside the US to appear in and win a World Series, the fastest AL expansion team to do so, winning in its 16th year. After 1993, the Blue Jays failed to qualify for the playoffs for 21 consecutive seasons, until clinching a playoff berth and division championship in 2015.
The team clinched a second consecutive playoff berth in 2016, after securing an AL wild card position. Both years, the Jays lost the AL Championship Series; the Blue Jays are one of two MLB teams under corporate ownership, with the other being the Atlanta Braves. The Blue Jays played their first game on April 7, 1977 against the Chicago White Sox before a home crowd of 44,649; the game is now best remembered for the minor snowstorm which began just before the game started. Toronto won the snowy affair 9–5, led by Doug Ault's two home runs; that win would be one of only 54 of the 1977 season, as the Blue Jays finished last in the AL East, with a record of 54–107. After the season, assistant general manager Pat Gillick succeeded Peter Bavasi as general manager of the team, a position he would hold until 1994. In 1978, the team improved their record by five games, but remained last, with a record of 59–102. In 1979, after a 53–109 last place finish, shortstop Alfredo Griffin was named American League co-Rookie of the Year.
In addition, the Blue Jays' first mascot, BJ Birdy, made its debut in 1979. In 1980, Bobby Mattick became manager, succeeding the Blue Jays' original manager. In Mattick's first season as manager, although they remained at the bottom, Toronto reached the 70-win mark, finishing with a record of 67–95, a 14-win improvement on 1979. Jim Clancy led with 13 wins and John Mayberry became the first Jay to hit 30 home runs in a season. In the strike-divided season of 1981, the Blue Jays finished in last place in the AL East in both halves of the season, they were a dismal 16–42 in the first half, but improved finishing the 48-game second half at 21–27, for a combined record of 37–69. Under new manager Bobby Cox, Toronto's first solid season came in 1982 as they finished 78–84, their pitching staff was led by starters Dave Stieb, Jim Clancy, Luis Leal, the outfield featured a young Lloyd Moseby and Jesse Barfield. 1982 was the Blue Jays' first season outside the bottom, as they finished sixth in the East out of seven teams.
In 1983, the Blue Jays compiled their first winning record, 89–73, finishing in fourth place, nine games behind the eventual World Series champions, the Baltimore Orioles. First baseman Willie Upshaw became the first Blue Jay to have at least 100 RBIs in a season; the Blue Jays' progress continued in 1984, finishing with the same 89–73 record, but this time in a distant second place behind another World Series champion, the Detroit Tigers. After 1984, Alfredo Griffin went to the Oakland Athletics, thus giving a permanent spot to young Dominican shortstop Tony Fernández, who would become a fan favourite for many years. In 1985, Toronto won its first championship of any sort: the first of their six American League East division titles; the Blue Jays featured a balanced offence. Tony Fernández excelled in his first full season, veteran pitcher Doyle Alexander led the team with 17 wins, including a division-clinching complete game win, their mid-season call up of relief pitcher Tom Henke proved to be important.
They finished two games in front of the New York Yankees. The Blue Jays faced the Kansas City Royals in the American League Championship Series, took a three games to one lead. However, Kansas City won three consecutive games to win the series 4–3, on the way to their first World Series championship. After the playoffs, AL Manager of the Year, Bobby Cox left the Blue Jays to become general manager of the Atlanta Braves, the team
Jack Anthony Santora is an Italian baseball player, now a coach in the farm system of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. Santora grew up in Monterey, CA. Father, Vic Santora, coached baseball. Brother, Phil Santora, coached softball at Monterey High School. Santora attended UCLA; the Arizona Diamondbacks drafted Santora in the 19th Round of the 1999 Major League Baseball draft. He played for the Missoula Osprey in 1999. In 2000, he played for the South Bend Silver Hawks. In 2001, he played for the El Paso Diablos, he split 2002 between the Tucson Sidewinders. Santora played with the Lake Elsinore Storm in 2003. Santora played with the Lakewood Blueclaws in 2003 and the Clearwater Threshers in 2004. Santora played with the Newark Bears from 2003–2006, he played for Telemarket Rimini in the Italian Baseball League from 2007-2013. As a member of Italy national baseball team he won two European Baseball Championships, in 2010 and in 2012. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference