Donlavey Racing was a stock car racing team that competed from 1950 until 2002 in the NASCAR Winston Cup Series. It was owned by Junie Donlavey and ran a total of 863 races in NASCAR. Donlavey Racing used a number of makes and numbers, but for years was best known for the No. 90 Ford. Though the team only had one points win and two pole positions in its long history, three of Donlavey's drivers won Rookie of the Year honors and a number of former and future NASCAR race winners drove for the team. Sixty-seven different drivers ran at least one race for Donlavey. Donlavey made his debut as an owner in 1950 at Martinsville Speedway, where Runt Harris drove Donlavey's Oldsmobile to a nineteenth-place finish after suffering mechanical failures. Donlavey's next race as an owner came in 1952 Southern 500, fielding the No. 53 Hudson Hornet for Joe Weatherly. He finished 16th, he did not field a car again until 1957, when Emanuel Zervakis drove Donlavey's No. 90 Ford at Raleigh Speedway, finishing 24th.
Zervakis ran two more races for Donlavey that year, at Langhorne Speedway and Martinsville, finishing 26th and 22nd respectively. Harris ran another race for Donlavey as well, finishing 39th at the Southern 500. Zervakis did not a finish a race all season. Donlavey only ran one race in 1959, at the Capital City 200. Harris had a fifth-place finish in that race. Harris ran three more races for Donlavey the following season, but struggled with mechanical problems, could only manage a best finish of 30th. Speedy Thompson took over for three races, his best finish being a 12th at the Dixie 300. Tiny Lund drove for Donlavey at the Atlanta 500, but finished 36th after suffering engine failure early in the race. Johnny Roberts drove one race for Donlavey in 1961, finishing 21st at Richmond after suffering a blown head gasket. Donlavey did not field a car until 1965. Making ten starts, he had a fifth-place run at Moyock, a tenth at Martinsville. After going 1966 without a top-ten, Hutchins came back in 1967, had two top ten finishes.
He finished 34th in points. He made four starts in 1968, he made eight starts in 1969, had two second-place finishes, at Dover and Richmond, respectively. Hutchins returned in 1970, had a fifth-place at Richmond, but was soon removed from the ride. LeeRoy Yarbrough drove for Donlavey in one race at Trenton Speedway, but his engine expired several laps into the race. Bill Dennis finished the year with Donlavey. Dennis would run with Donlavey in his first full season the next year, he had ten top-tens, one pole position, finished eighteenth in points. Dennis resigned after that race. Max Berrier, Butch Hartman, Bobby Isaac, David Pearson, Johnny Rutherford and Fred Lorenzen were among those who shared the ride for the rest of the year. Donlavey fielded a second car for the first time in his career, when he fielded the No. 98 at Martinsville for Isaac, who finished 35th as a teammate to Jimmy Hensley, again two races at the National 500 for Richard D. Brown, who finished 41st. In 1973, Donlavey secured his first full-time sponsor.
Dick Brooks began the year with Donlavey, ran part of his season with him. Other drivers included Harry Gant, Charlie Glotzbach, Ray Hendrick, a one-off with Yvon Duhamel, he fielded the 98 for Brooks and Richie Panch. Next season, Dennis returned for three races, before being replaced by multiple drivers. Glotzbach ran eleven races with the most by any driver that year. In 1975, Donlavey decided to run full-time, hired Brooks as driver. Brooks had six top-fives and finished 10th in points. Donlavey fielded a second car, the No. 93, for Kenny Brightbill, Dick May, Earl Ross, Jody Ridley. In 1976, Brooks finished tenth in points again; the No. 93 ran in two races for Buck Baker and Gene Felton, with Donlavey fielding the No. 99 for Dick Trickle at Charlotte Motor Speedway. The next season, Brooks finished sixth in points, with Donlavey fielding the No. 93 for Belgian racer Christine Beckers. She finished 37th. Brooks began 1978 by finishing fifth in two out of the first three races of the season, but despite an eighth-place points finish, Brooks departed the team.
In 1979, Donlavey signed Ricky Rudd to drive the No. 90. Competing in 28 races, Rudd finished 9th in points. Donlavey fielded the No. 77 Sunny King Mercury for Jody Ridley, who had two top-tens in three races. After Rudd left at the end of the season, Ridley signed to drive the 90 for the full season, he had eighteen top-ten finishes, finished seventh in points, was named Rookie of the Year. The next season, he finished fifth in points and won the Mason-Dixon 500, the only points win Donlavey would have during his career. After losing the Truxmore sponsorship, J. D. Stacy sponsored the car in 1982. Brooks returned to the team, where he posted two top-fives and finished 14th in points with sponsorship from Chameleon Sunglasses. After just one top-five in 1984, Brooks departed the team for the final time; the next season, Donlavey signed rookie driver Ken Schrader to pilot the No. 90, with new sponsorship from Ultra Seal. Schrader finished sixteenth in points. In 1986, Red Baron Frozen Pizza, signed as primary sponsor, in 1987, Schrader won one of two qualifying races for the Daytona 500, as well as picking up a pole at Darlington Raceway, finishing tenth in championship points.
At the end of the season, Schrader left, was replaced by Benny Parso
Jordan Anderson (racing driver)
Jordan Anderson is an American professional stock car racing driver and team owner. He competes full-time in the NASCAR Gander Outdoors Truck Series, driving the No. 3 Chevrolet Silverado for Jordan Anderson Racing. Anderson began racing in karts as an eight-year-old, he raced in Legends and Late model cars. Anderson made one start in the NASCAR K&N Pro Series East in 2013 along with two starts in the CARS X-1R Pro Cup Series and various Late Model races, he made an April 2014 start in the K&N Pro Series East at Richmond with the intention of running the full season, but his car owner began writing bad checks and the team was forced to close down. Anderson sold one of his own personally-owned Super Late Models to pay off the debt of his former car owner to keep his name clear of any debts; as a rookie in the Camping World Truck Series, he drove the No. 50 Living Integrity Chevrolet Silverado for MAKE Motorsports in the second last race of 2014 at Phoenix, also competed for Mike Harmon Racing in the final race of 2014 season at Homestead-Miami.
Anderson used his savings account to buy a truck to drive and qualify the Daytona race but failed to qualify. Anderson would continue driving for Harmon throughout the entire 2015 season finishing 19th in final driver points with a best finish of 13th at Michigan. During 2015, Anderson made his Xfinity Series debut for Harmon. In 2016, Anderson joined Bolen Motorsports for the full Truck schedule, driving the No. 66 Silverado with sponsorship from Columbia, SC – Famously Hot. After securing the last qualifying spot to race at Daytona in February, the team went on to log 8 Top 20 finishes throughout the season. Anderson's truck garnered national attention in September as it was funded thanks in part to a "Fueled by Fans" campaign with over 120 fans sponsoring the truck to pay for a new motor for the team. Anderson would go on to finish in the Top 20 in the championship standings by only a mere point in the series for a second straight year, he ran five Xfinity races in 2016, four for Obaika Racing and the season finale for Precision Performance Motorsports.
Anderson started off 2017 by failing to qualify at Daytona with Mike Harmon Racing. After his No. 12 truck crashed at Atlanta, Anderson was left with no truck to drive for the season and made a website – SponsorJordan.com – for the fans to fund him a truck. While raising funds, Anderson parked RSS Racing's second car. Due to the large time gaps between races, Anderson was back two races at Kansas Speedway, he ran one race in the NASCAR Xfinity Series for B. J. McLeod Motorsports, at Dover International Speedway. Starting at Kansas, Anderson teamed up with TJL Motorsports to use TJL's owner points while bringing his own equipment to the track, he missed two races due to TJL having other drivers signed to drive, but otherwise ran the rest of the season and would go on to finish in the top 20 in the CWTS driver points for a third straight season. Besides his spring SponsorJordan.com initiative, Anderson received additional help throughout the season from former NASCAR driver Kenny Wallace after Gateway and ran another fan-funded campaign to close out the season.
On January 31, 2018, Anderson announced his intentions to run full-time in the 2018 NASCAR Camping World Truck Series season using the number 3 and running under his own Jordan Anderson Racing banner. Anderson chose the number 3 in connection with Junior Johnson. JAR acquired trucks from Niece Motorsports, who switched from Toyota to Chevrolet before 2018 and Brad Keselowski Racing, who ceased operations at the end of 2017; as for the first half of the 2018 season Anderson has an average finish of 19.7th and is 2 top 20 finishes away from tying his record of 8 top 20 finishes from the 2016 season. In early July at the Charlotte Motor Speedway during Roval testing it was announced that Ryan Newman would race for the team at Eldora. Anderson graduated from Belmont Abbey College in Belmont, NC with a degree in business and marketing, is said to be one of the hardest working drivers in the sport with his hands on grassroots approach to his career and sponsorship. * Season still in progress1 Ineligible for series points Jordan Anderson on Twitter NASCAR.com bio Jordan Anderson driver statistics at Racing-Reference
Dover International Speedway
Dover International Speedway is a race track in Dover, United States. Since opening in 1969, it has held at least two NASCAR races each year. In addition to NASCAR, the track hosted USAC and the Indy Racing League; the track features one layout, a 1 mile concrete oval, with 24° banking in the turns and 9° banking on the straights. The speedway is operated by Dover Motorsports; the track, nicknamed "The Monster Mile", was built in 1969 by Melvin Joseph of Melvin L. Joseph Construction Company, Inc. with an asphalt surface, but was replaced with concrete in 1995. Six years in 2001, the track's capacity moved to 135,000 seats, making the track have the largest capacity of sports venue in the mid-Atlantic. In 2002, the name changed to Dover International Speedway from Dover Downs International Speedway after Dover Downs Gaming and Entertainment split, making Dover Motorsports. From 2007 to 2009, the speedway worked on an improvement project called "The Monster Makeover", which expanded facilities at the track and beautified the track.
After the 2014 season, the track's capacity was reduced to 95,500 seats. In 1966, Melvin L. Joseph Construction Company, Inc. began construction on Dover Downs International Speedway, specialized for horse racing and auto racing. The race track was completed three years and would have its first race on July 6, 1969; the inaugural race, known as the Mason-Dixon 300, was won by Richard Petty. During the 1971 racing season, the speedway removed all the events not sanctioned by NASCAR to help keep focus on the two NASCAR Winston Cup Series races, which were 500 miles each. Eleven years Dover Downs International Speedway added a NASCAR Budweiser Late Model Sportsman Series event, the Sportsman 200. In 1986, the speedway added 3,200 seats to its 10,333 seat grandstand. Dover Downs International Speedway continued adding seats each year until 2001. A second Xfinity Series race was added to the speedway's schedule during the 1986 season. Eight years Delaware General Assembly passed legislation to allow slot machines at pari-mutuel horse racing venues.
In 1995 Dover Downs International Speedway replaced its asphalt surface with concrete, making it the second NASCAR Cup Series track after Bristol Motor Speedway to have a racing surface composed of concrete. During the same year, Dover Downs slots opened on December 29. Two years the speedway changed the race distances of its Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series races to 400 miles, beginning with the 1997 fall race. In 1998, Dover Downs International Speedway added an Indy Racing League event to the schedule, but after two seasons the race was removed after the 1999 season. During the 2000 racing season, Dover Downs International Speedway added a NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series event. Kurt Busch won the inaugural Truck Series race from the pole position. On September 23, 2001, the Cup Series returned to racing at Dover after the September 11 attacks for the MBNA Cal Ripken, Jr. 400, in which Dale Earnhardt, Jr. received the checkered and American flag at the same time. In the following year, the speedway's capacity was expanded to 135,000 seats, the largest of any mid-Atlantic sport's stadium.
After the gaming side of Dover Downs separated, Dover Motorsports, Inc. was created to operate the speedway, which caused the speedway to become Dover International Speedway in 2002. Two years the speedway announced the completion of the Monster Bridge, a glass-enclosed structure that has 56 seats over the third turn, its fall NASCAR Cup Series race became the second race in the newly formed, NASCAR Chase for the Championship. On May 26, 2006, Dover International Speedway announced a multi-year capital improvement project called "The Monster Makeover", which would begin after the speedway's June NASCAR Cup Series race. During the first stage of the improvement project in 2007, the speedway built a new 12-suite skybox complex and a new 2,100 square feet addition to the media center in the infield. Other improvements included widened walkways behind three grandstands, renovated restrooms, more paved handicapped parking areas, expanded bus parking, as well as a sound system with improved audio quality for the grandstands.
In 2008, the second stage of the "Monster Makeover" took place. During the stage, the Monster Monument, a 46-feet tall fiberglass structure, was built in the new Victory Plaza, the FanZone area was expanded, an emergency services building was built. One year the speedway continued the improvement project by replacing the front stretch pit wall to install a longer SAFER barrier wall that would make a wider and safer pit road, as well as an additional pit stall. On December 30, 2011, Dover International Speedway announced that they will replace the 18 inch wide seats in the grandstands with 22 inch wide ones, reducing the capacity from 140,000 to 113,000 over the next two years. Shortly after the 2014 AAA 400, Dover International Speedway began removing 17,500 seats in turns 2 and 3 as a result of declining attendance, reducing the track's capacity to 95,500; the removal of the seats was completed by Christmas 2014. After the 2014 AAA 400, the track began work on a $2.9 million project to install a new catchfence, ready for the 2015 season.
The new catchfence is 21 feet high, as opposed to the old catchfence, 15 feet high. In 2016, Dover International Speedway added 479 feet of SAFER barriers along the backstretch and turn three, reduced the number of pit stalls available by increasing each stall by two feet. Since 2011, the track is the headquarters for the Monster Mash Marathon, an event that starts at the start-finish line of the speedway, where runner
Bristol Motor Speedway
Bristol Motor Speedway known as Bristol International Raceway and Bristol Raceway, is a NASCAR short track venue located in Bristol, Tennessee. Constructed in 1960, it held its first NASCAR race on July 30, 1961. Despite its short length, Bristol is among the most popular tracks on the NASCAR schedule because of its distinct features, which include extraordinarily steep banking, an all concrete surface, two pit roads, stadium-like seating, it has been named one of the loudest NASCAR tracks. Bristol Motor Speedway is the third largest sports venue in America and the seventh largest in the world, housing up to 162,000 people; the track is so short that speeds here are far lower than is typical on most NASCAR oval tracks, but they are fast compared to other short tracks due to the high banking. These features make for a considerable amount of "paint swapping" at the NASCAR races where the initial starting grid of 40 vehicles each in the Monster Energy Cup Series & the Xfinity Series, 32 in the Truck Series, extends halfway around the track, meaning that slower qualifiers begin the race half a lap down.
The congestion inherent in this facility and the power of the cars and trucks has been likened to "flying fighter jets in a gymnasium". The track is one that tends to be either loved or hated by the drivers. Purists who grew up driving or attending races at older short tracks located at fairgrounds and similar places tend to love Bristol, while those raised on superspeedway racing tend to chafe at the lower speeds. Bristol races are the scene of the highest number of yellow-flag caution laps in the NASCAR season; until the Beneficiary Rule was instituted in 2004, the short lap length and the unpredictable nature of the racing meant that this was one of the few remaining NASCAR tracks at which it was feasible for a driver to come back to win a race from several laps down. The short lap length cuts the other way. Thus, the disadvantage of losing laps means the chances of earning a free pass under the Beneficiary Rule is harder, since a driver losing two laps under a green-flag pit stop would have to race their way past the leader before the caution waved to regain one of their laps back, unless there are no cars one lap behind.
The drag strip at this facility has long been nicknamed Thunder Valley. Both current Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series races held at Bristol are for 500 laps; the late summer race has rotated among several sponsors. From 2001 to 2015, Newell Rubbermaid sponsored this race, first under its Sharpie brand and its Irwin Tools brand. Starting in 2016, Bass Pro Shops became primary sponsor of the summer race, with the National Rifle Association as a secondary sponsor. Bristol is a fertile ground for other levels and types of racing. In 2004, it was the first Busch Series race of the season televised on broadcast network television, the race, 150 laps in 1982, 200 laps in 1984, 250 laps since 1990, was a 300-lap race in 2006; the Craftsman Truck Series]] ran a stand-alone race in June from 1995 to 1999 with the NASCAR Autozone Elite Division, Southeast Series. Since 2003, the race has been a midweek night race as part of the August night race weekend. In 2009, the NASCAR Whelen Modified Tour and the NASCAR Whelen Southern Modified Tour ran a combined race prior to the truck race.
In 2017, the race was for the Whelen Modified Tour after NASCAR absorbed the Southern Modified Tour into the Modified Tour prior to the 2017 season. Many of the fans come from the East Tennessee area, but thousands more come from all parts of the country to experience Bristol's unique brand of racing. In the off-season, the complex attracts fans during the Christmas season by facilitating a miles-long holiday lights display that culminates with a lap on the actual speedway track itself; the track long advertised its banking as 36 degrees, which at one time made it the most steeply banked track used by NASCAR. However, BMS now lists its banking at 24 to 30 degrees, reflecting the results of the track's most recent resurfacing in 2007. Before the resurfacing, there was some dispute as to the accuracy of the measurement. In the 1980s, ESPN claimed the turns were banked at 35 degrees during television telecast of events at the track. In an interview with Stock Car Racing's Larry Cothren, driver Ryan Newman disputed the measurement of the banking of Bristol Motor Speedway's turns.
Newman's crew measured the banking during a test session to aid with setups, found that the turns were banked 26 degrees, rather than the advertised 36 degrees. A Camping World Truck Series open test noted the banking had dropped following resurfacing, to 22–27 degrees, in a variable banking configuration. Another anomaly
Jennifer Jo Cobb
Jennifer Jo Cobb is an American professional stock car racing driver and team owner. She competes full-time in the NASCAR Gander Outdoors Truck Series, driving the No. 10 Chevrolet Silverado for JJC Racing, part-time in the NASCAR Xfinity Series, driving the No. 55 Toyota Camry for JP Motorsports. She started racing in 1991 at Lakeside Speedway, her father, Joe Cobb, races at Lakeside Speedway in the modified division. Since 2002, she has made 9 starts in the ARCA Racing Series, including 3 top-10s in 3 starts in 2004 while driving for Keith Murt. In 2004, Cobb made her NASCAR debut in the Busch Series at Homestead-Miami Speedway, she drove the No. 50 Vassarette Chevrolet for Keith Coleman Racing and finished 43rd due to a crash on lap 2. In 2006, Cobb created. Proceeds from the sales of this line go towards her racing efforts, she has attempted to qualify for various Busch and ARCA races in 2007 with the Driver Boutique sponsorship. On July 19, 2008, she competed in the Camping World Truck Series event at the Built Ford Tough 225.
She started in 35th and finished 26 driving the No. 74 Dodge for The Annexus Group completing 144 laps. On April 27, 2009 she competed at the O'Reilly Auto Parts 250 driving the No. 73 Dodge for Derrike Cope Inc. She started 34th and completed 72 laps before experiencing engine trouble, finishing 26th out of 35 drivers winning a purse of $10,680. In 2010, Cobb announced that she would run full-time in the truck series, after purchasing the assets of the No. 10 truck team from Rick Crawford, whose Circle Bar Racing downsized from a two-truck operation to one — Crawford's own No. No. 14. In 2010, Cobb became the highest female points finisher in history in any of the three major NASCAR Series to that time, achieving 17th place. For 2011, Cobb continued racing her own No. 10 truck full-time in the Camping World Truck Series, drove the first 5 races in the Nationwide Series in the No. 79 for 2nd Chance Motorsports. Cobb announced that she would run the full season with 2nd Chance Motorsports; the No. run for Rookie of the Year.
Cobb became the highest finishing female in Truck Series history by finishing 6th at the 2011 NextEra Energy Resources 250. She gave her truck's owners points to Chase Mattioli and his team while she started her own driver development program with Cody Cambensy planning to drive in the Truck Series in 2011, she left 2nd Chance Motorsports after a dispute with owner Rick Russell over whether to start and park after losing their second car at Las Vegas, where she confirmed she is not a start and park driver. Rick Ware Racing gave her a ride in the No. 41. In early 2011, Cobb for her own team called Jennifer Jo Cobb Racing and partnered with U. S. Army Family and MWR Command to launch Driven 2 Honor, a promotion honoring women in the U. S. Military. Jennifer hosted 2 female service members and their guests at the first 5 Nationwide races of the 2011 NASCAR season. In 2012 Cobb ran the entire Camping World Truck Series schedule in the No. 10, along with selected Nationwide Series races in the No. 13.
She returned to the Camping World Truck Series for 2013. For the 2014 season Cobb again ran in the Truck Series in her own No. 10 Chevrolet Silverado. The team began the season with a 21st-place finish in the NextEra Energy Resources 250. At the SFP 250 Cobb raced to 13th place which earned her highest finish of the season, she had another strong run at the North Carolina Education Lottery 200 finishing 16th. However, since that 16th-place finish, the team has seen a decline in performance as they have only managed to eclipse a best of 20th on three different occasions. Cobb ran one race in the No. 87 car for Rick Ware Racing at the Kansas Lottery 300 finishing 24th, her first Nationwide Series start of 2014. On May 29, 2015, Cobb angrily approached the race car driven by Tyler Reddick on foot after by being spun out by Reddick's truck at the Lucas Oil 200, it was expected that Cobb would be the first driver penalized under the new NASCAR rule instituted after Kevin Ward Jr. died in a similar incident.
She wound up receiving a $5,000 fine from the officials. During practice for the 2015 Chevrolet Silverado 250 at Canadian Tire Motorsport Park, Cobb crashed and was subsequently caught on camera removing a cell phone from her truck. Cobb was given a P3 penalty by NASCAR for having a non-engine electronic component in her truck; as a result, Cobb was fined $5,000, plus an additional $2,500 for an infraction occurring while still on probation for the incident with Tyler Reddick where she left her truck following a crash. Cobb was the first driver penalized by NASCAR under the no cell phone rule since it was implemented following the 2012 Daytona 500. In 2018, Cobb joined Racing Total for her NASCAR Whelen Euro Series debut at Circuit Ricardo Tormo in Valencia. In 2018 her mother, Connie Cobb passed away. On May 15, 2013, Mike Harmon was arrested and charged with stealing a hauler and racing equipment belonging to Cobb, in association with his sister and Cobb's former partner Dave Novak. On May 28, officials from the Rowan County Sheriff's Office seized five Camping World Truck Series trucks and two Nationwide Series cars, which were stated as belonging to Cobb, from Harmon's garage.
* Season still in progress1 Ineligible for series points Official website Jennifer Jo Cobb driver statistics at Racing-Reference Jennif
Chevrolet, colloquially referred to as Chevy and formally the Chevrolet Division of General Motors Company, is an American automobile division of the American manufacturer General Motors. Louis Chevrolet and ousted General Motors founder William C. Durant started the company on November 3, 1911 as the Chevrolet Motor Car Company. Durant used the Chevrolet Motor Car Company to acquire a controlling stake in General Motors with a reverse merger occurring on May 2, 1918 and propelled himself back to the GM presidency. After Durant's second ousting in 1919, Alfred Sloan, with his maxim "a car for every purse and purpose", would pick the Chevrolet brand to become the volume leader in the General Motors family, selling mainstream vehicles to compete with Henry Ford's Model T in 1919 and overtaking Ford as the best-selling car in the United States by 1929. Chevrolet-branded vehicles are sold in most automotive markets worldwide. In Oceania, Chevrolet is represented by GM subsidiary, having returned to the region in 2018 after a 50-year absence with the launching of the Camaro and Silverado pickup truck.
In 2005, Chevrolet was relaunched in Europe selling vehicles built by GM Daewoo of South Korea with the tagline "Daewoo has grown up enough to become Chevrolet", a move rooted in General Motors' attempt to build a global brand around Chevrolet. With the reintroduction of Chevrolet to Europe, GM intended Chevrolet to be a mainstream value brand, while GM's traditional European standard-bearers, Opel of Germany, Vauxhall of United Kingdom would be moved upmarket. However, GM reversed this move in late 2013, announcing that the brand would be withdrawn from Europe, with the exception of the Camaro and Corvette in 2016. Chevrolet vehicles will continue to be marketed including Russia. After General Motors acquired GM Daewoo in 2011 to create GM Korea, the last usage of the Daewoo automotive brand was discontinued in its native South Korea and succeeded by Chevrolet. In North America, Chevrolet produces and sells a wide range of vehicles, from subcompact automobiles to medium-duty commercial trucks.
Due to the prominence and name recognition of Chevrolet as one of General Motors' global marques, Chevy or Chev is used at times as a synonym for General Motors or its products, one example being the GM LS1 engine known by the name or a variant thereof of its progenitor, the Chevrolet small-block engine. On November 3, 1911, Swiss race car driver and automotive engineer Louis Chevrolet co-founded the Chevrolet Motor Company in Detroit with William C. Durant and investment partners William Little, former Buick owner James H. Whiting, Dr. Edwin R. Campbell and in 1912 R. S. McLaughlin CEO of General Motors in Canada. Durant was cast out from the management of General Motors in 1910, a company which he had founded in 1908. In 1904 he had taken over the Flint Wagon Works and Buick Motor Company of Michigan, he incorporated the Mason and Little companies. As head of Buick, Durant had hired Louis Chevrolet to drive Buicks in promotional races. Durant planned to use Chevrolet's reputation as a racer as the foundation for his new automobile company.
The first factory location was in Flint, Michigan at the corner of Wilcox and Kearsley Street, now known as "Chevy Commons" at coordinates 43.00863°N 83.70991°W / 43.00863. Actual design work for the first Chevy, the costly Series C Classic Six, was drawn up by Etienne Planche, following instructions from Louis; the first C prototype was ready months before Chevrolet was incorporated. However the first actual production wasn't until the 1913 model. So in essence there were no 1911 or 1912 production models, only the 1 pre-production model was made and fine tuned throughout the early part of 1912. In the fall of that year the new 1913 model was introduced at the New York auto show. Chevrolet first used the "bowtie emblem" logo in 1914 on The L Series Model, it may have been designed from wallpaper. More recent research by historian Ken Kaufmann presents a case that the logo is based on a logo of the "Coalettes" coal company. An example of this logo as it appeared in an advertisement for Coalettes appeared in the Atlanta Constitution on November 12, 1911.
Others claim that the design was a stylized Swiss cross, in tribute to the homeland of Chevrolet's parents. Over time, Chevrolet would use several different iterations of the bowtie logo at the same time using blue for passenger cars, gold for trucks, an outline for cars that had performance packages. Chevrolet unified all vehicle models with the gold bowtie in 2004, for both brand cohesion as well as to differentiate itself from Ford and Dodge, its two primary domestic rivals. Louis Chevrolet had differences with Durant over design and in 1914 sold Durant his share in the company. By 1916, Chevrolet was profitable enough with successful sales of the cheaper Series 490 to allow Durant to repurchase a controlling interest in General Motors. After the deal was completed in 1917, Durant became president of General Motors, Chevrolet was merged into GM as a separate division. In 1919, Chevrolet's factories were located at Michigan. Y. Norwood, Ohio, St. Louis, Oakland, California, Ft. Worth and Oshawa, Ontario General Motors of Canada Limited.
McLaughlin's were given GM Corporation stock for the proprietorship of their Company article September 23, 1933 Financial Post page
Darlington Raceway is a race track built for NASCAR racing located near Darlington, South Carolina. It is nicknamed "The Lady in Black" and "The Track Too Tough to Tame" by many NASCAR fans and drivers and advertised as "A NASCAR Tradition." It is of a unique, somewhat egg-shaped design, an oval with the ends of different configurations, a condition which arose from the proximity of one end of the track to a minnow pond the owner refused to relocate. This situation makes it challenging for the crews to set up their cars' handling in a way that will be effective at both ends. Harold Brasington was a retired racer in 1948, who had gotten to know Bill France, Sr. while competing against France at the Daytona Beach Road Course and other dirt tracks in the Southeast and Midwestern United States. He began planning a new speedway after he noticed the huge crowds while attending the 1948 Indianapolis 500 and thought, "If Tony Hulman can do it here, I can do it back home." Brasington bought 70 acres from farmer Sherman Ramsey, started making a race track from a cotton and peanut field.
However, he was forced to create an egg-shaped oval with one corner tighter and more steeply banked because he promised Ramsey that the new track wouldn't disturb Ramsey's minnow pond at the west side of the property. Brasington was able to make the other turn at the east side of the property wide and flat as he wanted, it took a year to build the track. Brasington made a deal in the summer of 1950 with France to run a 500-mile race in Darlington on Labor Day that year; the first Southern 500 carried a record $25,000 purse, was co-sanctioned by NASCAR and its rival Central States Racing Association. More than 80 entrants showed up for the race. Brasington used a 2-week qualifying scheme similar to the one used at the Indianapolis 500. Brasington was inspired by Indianapolis when he had the 75-car field aligned in 25 rows of three cars; these practices have been curtailed over the years as NASCAR adopted a more uniform set of guidelines with regard to the number of cars which could qualify for a race.
The race was won by Johnny Mantz in a car owned by France. In recent years the track has been reconfigured. Seating has been increased to 65,000, although it has been limited by the proximity of a highway behind the back stretch and another pond. Darlington has something of a legendary quality among older fans; the track earned the moniker The Lady in Black because the night before the race the track maintenance crew would cover the entire track with fresh asphalt sealant, in the early years of the speedway, thus making the racing surface dark black. Darlington is known as "The Track Too Tough to Tame" because drivers can run lap after lap without a problem and bounce off of the wall the following lap. Racers will explain that they have to race the racetrack, not their competition. Drivers hitting the wall are considered to have received their "Darlington Stripe" thanks to the missing paint on the right side of the car. On January 28, 2019, it was revealed on ISC's 2018 annual report that the raceway's track seating was reduced from 58,000 to 47,000.
For many years, Darlington was the site of two annual Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series races. One, the Rebel 400, was held in the spring while the other, the Southern 500, was always held on Labor Day weekend. In 2003, the Labor Day race was given to California Speedway, the Southern 500 was moved to November 2004 and was run as part of the Chase for the Nextel Cup. In 2005, NASCAR eliminated the Southern 500 altogether as a result of the Ferko lawsuit, offending many fans who had followed the sport for generations; the race was merged into the 400-mile spring race, moved to Mother's Day weekend. A 500-mile race named after a Dodge vehicle was held for the next four years, before the race was given the Southern 500 moniker in 2009; the move was the result of several factors. Darlington suffered from poor ticket sales in the spring. Part of this is due to the track's location in the Textile Belt of South Carolina, where there has been an ongoing general economic decline for many years. Additionally, there is little of interest to the average fan from outside the Darlington area other than the events at the track itself.
Many newer NASCAR venues are near major cities to avoid this problem. A further factor in the move was an ongoing desire by NASCAR to spread its events out over more of the country. However, the novelty having now worn off of many of these newer races and venues, several of them are now suffering much worse attendance than Darlington has experienced. Darlington received a $10 million upgrade in the largest investment in the track's history; this followed a $6 million upgrade the previous year, which included an entire repaving of the oval for the first time since 1995. In 2014, Darlington was run in April. In 2015, the Southern 500 returned to its traditional Labor Day weekend date. Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series Qualifying: Aric Almirola, 26.705 s – 184.145 miles per hour, April 11, 2014 Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series Race: Matt Kenseth, 3 h 32 min 29 s – 141.383 miles per