Concord, New Hampshire
Concord is the capital city of the U. S. state of New Hampshire and the county seat of Merrimack County. As of the 2010 census, its population was 42,695. Concord includes the villages of Penacook, East Concord, West Concord; the city is home to the University of New Hampshire School of New Hampshire's only law school. It is the resting place of Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States; the area that would become Concord was settled thousands of years ago by Abenaki Native Americans called the Pennacook. The tribe fished for migrating salmon and alewives with nets strung across the rapids of the Merrimack River; the stream was the transportation route for their birch bark canoes, which could travel from Lake Winnipesaukee to the Atlantic Ocean. The broad sweep of the Merrimack River valley floodplain provided good soil for farming beans, pumpkins and maize. On January 17, 1725, the Province of Massachusetts Bay, which claimed territories west of the Merrimack River, granted the Concord area as the Plantation of Penacook.
It was settled between 1725 and 1727 by Captain Ebenezer Eastman and others from Haverhill, Massachusetts. On February 9, 1734, the town was incorporated as Rumford, from which Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford would take his title, it was renamed Concord in 1765 by Governor Benning Wentworth following a bitter boundary dispute between Rumford and the town of Bow. Citizens displaced by the resulting border adjustment were given land elsewhere as compensation. In 1779, New Pennacook Plantation was granted to Timothy Walker, Jr. and his associates at what would be incorporated in 1800 as Rumford, the site of Pennacook Falls. Concord grew in prominence throughout the 18th century, some of its earliest houses survive at the northern end of Main Street. In the years following the Revolution, Concord's central geographical location made it a logical choice for the state capital after Samuel Blodget in 1807 opened a canal and lock system to allow vessels passage around the Amoskeag Falls downriver, connecting Concord with Boston by way of the Middlesex Canal.
In 1808, Concord was named the official seat of state government. The 1819 State House is the oldest capitol in the nation in which the state's legislative branches meet in their original chambers; the city would become noted for granite quarrying. In 1828, Lewis Downing joined J. Stephens Abbot to form Downing, their most famous product was their Concord stagecoach used in the development of the American West. In the 19th century, Concord became a hub for the railroad industry, with Penacook a textile manufacturing center using water power from the Contoocook River. Today, the city is a center for health care and several insurance companies. Concord is located at 43°12′24″N 71°32′17″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 67.5 square miles. 64.2 square miles of it is land and 3.2 square miles of it is water, comprising 4.79% of the city. Concord is drained by the Merrimack River. Penacook Lake is in the west; the highest point in Concord is 860 feet above sea level on Oak Hill, just west of the hill's 970-foot summit in neighboring Loudon.
Concord lies within the Merrimack River watershed, is centered on the river, which runs from northwest to southeast through the city. Downtown is located on a low terrace to the west of the river, with residential neighborhoods climbing hills to the west and extending southwards towards the town of Bow. To the east of the Merrimack, atop a 100-foot bluff, is a flat, sandy plain known as Concord Heights, which has seen most of the city's commercial development since 1960; the eastern boundary of Concord is formed by a tributary of the Merrimack. The Turkey River winds through the southwestern quarter of the city, passing through the campus of St. Paul's School before entering the Merrimack River in Bow. In the northern part of the city, the Contoocook River enters the Merrimack at the village of Penacook. Other village centers in the city include East Concord; the city's neighboring communities are Bow to the south, Pembroke to the southeast, Loudon to the northeast, Canterbury and Webster to the north, Hopkinton to the west.
It is 16 miles north of Manchester, New Hampshire's largest city, 66 miles north of Boston. Concord, as with much of New England, is within the humid continental climate zone, with long, snowy winters warm summers, brief autumns and springs. In winter, successive storms deliver light to moderate snowfall amounts, contributing to the reliable snow cover. In addition, lows reach at least 0 °F on an average 15 nights per year, the city straddles the border between USDA Hardiness Zone 5b and 6a. However, thaws are frequent, with one to three days per month with 50 °F + highs from December to February. Summer can bring stretches of humid conditions as well as thunderstorms, there is an average of 12 days of 90 °F + highs annually; the window for freezing temperatures on average begins on September 27 and expires on May 14. The monthly daily average temperature range from 20.6 °F in January to 70.0 °F in July. Temperature extremes have ranged from −37 °F (−
Steven Brill (journalist)
Steven Brill is an American lawyer and journalist-entrepreneur who founded monthly magazine The American Lawyer and the cable channel Court TV, is the author of the best-selling Tailspin: The People and Forces Behind America’s Fifty-Year Fall – and Those Fighting to Reverse It. Brill was born to a Jewish family in New York, he is a graduate of Deerfield Academy, Yale College, Yale Law School. In October 1978, Brill published his first book The Teamsters. In 1979, Brill launched The American Lawyer, a monthly magazine covering the business of law firms and lawyers across the U. S. and around the world. Among its early contributors were Jim Cramer; the magazine is well known for its surveys including the Am Law 100, an annual ranking of the top 100 U. S. law firms which it launched in 1986. The magazine covered the meteoric rise and precipitous collapse of the law firm of Finley, Wagner, Manley, Myerson & Casey in its September 1987 cover story. "Bye, Finley, Kumble", written by Brill. In 1989, Brill founded Court TV and the network launched on July 1, 1991.
Among its original anchors were Fred Graham, still at the network twenty years Cynthia McFadden, Terry Moran, who joined ABC News. The network was born out of two competing projects to launch cable channels with live courtroom proceedings, the American Trial Network from Time Warner and American Lawyer Media and In Court from Cablevision and NBC. Both projects were combined and presented at the National Cable Television Association in June 1990. Liberty Media joined the venture in 1991. Court TV featured continuous live trial coverage, with analysis by anchors; the network came into its own during the Menendez brothers' first trial and the O. J. Simpson murder trial. In 1997, Brill resigned from the network. In June 1998, Brill launched Brill's Content, a media watchdog publication that ceased publication in fall 2001 (The Write News, Vol. 1, no. 1 -v. 4, no. 6. The magazine caused a stir in its first issue with Brill's article titled "Pressgate" charging that independent counsel Ken Starr and his office had been the source of much of the information for reporters regarding the grand jury proceedings about the Lewinsky scandal and that as a result Starr may have violated federal law or ethical and prosecutorial guidelines.
The publication became less associated with Brill after its founding. In July 2000, Brill launched Contentville. In 2001 Brill began teaching an advanced journalism course at Yale. In November 2001 Brill signed on as a contributing editor for Newsweek. In April 2003, After: How America Confronted the September 12 Era was published. In October 2003, the America Prepared Campaign was launched. In the fall of 2003, Brill founded a subsidiary of Verified Identity Pass, Inc.. It allowed travelers to get through airport security with an annual subscription to the program and pre-screening. Brill left the company in March 2009. In 2009, former Wall Street Journal executive Gordon Crovitz, ex-cable television industry mogul Leo Hindery founded Journalism Online to help newspapers and magazines charge for online access; the company was sold to RR Donnelley for a reported $45 million in March 2011. However, Donnelley's subsequent 10-K filing reported the price at closing was $19.6 million with the possibility of an additional payment to co-CEOs Brill and Crovitz of $15.3 million contingent upon meeting certain sales targets.
As of March 2013, more than 400 newspapers and online-only websites used JO's Press+ service to charge for digital content. In August 2011, Brill published Class Warfare: Inside the Fight to Fix America's Schools, it described the success of charter schools, using the Success Academy Charter Schools as an example, profiled teacher Jessica Reid as a model of what could be done without union restrictions. He claimed that unions the United Federation of Teachers and UFT president Randi Weingarten in New York City, protected incompetent teachers, were opposed to pay-for-performance, obstructed necessary reforms, a claim he had made in The New Yorker. By the time Brill came to the end of the book, Reid had quit; the long hours and stress of her job, with nightly calls to parents, constant prodding of students, were affecting her marriage. Brill went on to write that charters, which he continued to support, were not scalable to be a replacement for the current public education system, that broader improvements would require the efforts of current public school teachers and their unions.
He said that after two years of researching school reform, he had a better understanding of the complexities. He reversed his view of Weingarten, proposed that New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg appoint her chancellor of the school system. In February 2013, Brill wrote Bitter Pill: Why Medical Bills Are Killing Us as a Time magazine cover story; the investigation of billing practices revealed that hospitals and their executives are gaming the system to maximize revenue. Brill claims patients receive bills that have little relationship to the care provided and that the free market in American medicine is a myth, with or without Obamacare; the 24,000-plus word article took up the entire feature section of the magazine, the first time in the history of TIME. Time magazine's managing editor Rick Stengel wrote: If the piece has a villain, it's something you've never heard of: the chargemaster, the mysterious internal price list for products and services that every hospital in the U. S. keeps