Kontinental Hockey League
The Kontinental Hockey League is an international professional ice hockey league founded in 2008. It comprises 25 member clubs based in Belarus, Finland, Kazakhstan and Slovakia and it is planned to expand to more countries, it is considered to be the premier professional ice hockey league in Europe and Asia, second in the world behind the National Hockey League. KHL has the third highest average attendance in Europe with 6,121 spectators per game in the regular season, the highest total attendance in Europe with 5.32 million spectators in the regular season. The Gagarin Cup is awarded annually to the league playoff champion at the end of each season; the title of Champion of Russia is given to the highest ranked Russian team. The league formed from the Russian Superleague and the champion of the 2007–08 season of the second division, with 24 teams: 21 from Russia and one each from Belarus and Kazakhstan; the teams were divided based on the performance in previous seasons. The start of the fourth season was overshadowed by the Yaroslavl air disaster on 7 September 2011 in which all members of the team Lokomotiv Yaroslavl lost their lives shortly after take-off for their flight to their season opening game in Minsk.
The Opening Cup game in Ufa, under way when news of the disaster arrived, was suspended. In memory of the disaster, 7 September remains a day of mourning on which no KHL regular season games are held. In the 2009–10 season, Avtomobilist Yekaterinburg joined the KHL and Khimik Voskresensk was transferred to a lower league. Next season, Yugra Khanty-Mansiysk joined the league. After several attempts by teams from Central Europe and Scandinavia to join the KHL, expansion beyond the borders of the former Soviet Union was realized in 2011. Lev Poprad, a newly founded team based in Poprad, Slovakia was admitted to the league, but after only one season, Lev was replaced by a team of the same name, Lev Praha, from Prague, Czech Republic, while Slovan Bratislava from Bratislava and Ukraine's Donbass from Donetsk joined the KHL as expansion teams for the 2012–13 season. Lev and Slovan qualified for the playoffs in their first KHL season. In 2013, Medveščak from Zagreb, Croatia playing in the Austrian Hockey League, Russian expansion team Admiral Vladivostok joined the league, thus expanding the league further.
The league comprised 28 teams during the 2013–14 season, of which 21 were based in Russia and 7 located in the other countries. In 2014, Finnish team Jokerit from Helsinki, Lada Togliatti, newly created team HC Sochi joined the league. However, HC Donbass did not play in the league for the 2014–15 season, due to the political instability in Ukraine, but had intended to rejoin later. Two other teams, Lev Praha and Spartak Moscow withdrew from the 2014–15 season due to financial problems. Prior to the 2015–16 season, Atlant Moscow Oblast withdrew from the KHL due to financial issues, while Spartak Moscow returned after a one-year hiatus; the newly created Chinese club HC Kunlun Red Star from Beijing was admitted for the 2016–17 season. Prior to the 2017–18 season, Medveščak Zagreb withdrew from the league to rejoin the Austrian league and Metallurg Novokuznetsk was sent down to the VHL. Since 2009, the league has been divided into West conferences. In the current season, the Western Conference includes 14 teams divided into two divisions, 7 teams per division.
The Eastern Conference has 15 teams, divided into divisions of 8 respectively. In this season, each team played every other team once at home and once on the road, giving a total of 56 games, plus 4 additional games played by each team against rival clubs from its own conference. Thus, each team played a total of 60 games in the regular season; the eight top-ranked teams in each conference receive playoff berths. Within each conference quarterfinals and finals are played before the conference winners play against each other for the Gagarin Cup; the division winners are seeded first and second in their conference, based on their regular season record. All playoff rounds are played as best-of-seven series. In each round, the top seeded remaining team is paired with the lowest seeded team etc. In the 2012–13 season, the Nadezhda Cup was introduced, a consolation tournament for the teams who did not qualify for the playoffs; the winning team in the tournament wins the first overall pick in the KHL Junior Draft.
The tournament is intended to extend the season and help maintain interest in hockey in the cities of these teams, help players of national teams prepare for upcoming World Championships. Kontinental Hockey League on Google MapsAn asterisk denotes a franchise relocation. See the respective team articles for more information. Though now not as restrictive in maintaining an Russian composition of players and teams, Russian teams are still not allowed to sign more than five foreign players, while non-Russian teams must have at least five players from their respective country. Foreign goaltenders on Russian teams have a limit regarding total seasonal ice time. Prior to the inaugural season, several KHL teams signed several players from the NHL. A dispute between the two leagues over some of these signings was supposed to have been resolved by an agreement signed on July 10, 2008, whereby each league would honor the contracts of the other, but the signing of Alexander Radulov was made public one day after the agreement, leading to an investigation by the International Ice
The Washington Capitals are a professional ice hockey team based in Washington, D. C, they are members of the Metropolitan Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League. The Capitals are owned by Monumental Entertainment, headed by Ted Leonsis. From 1974 to 1997 the Capitals played their home games in Landover, Maryland. In 1997 the team moved to the arena now called Capital One Arena, their present home arena in Washington, D. C; the Capitals were founded in 1974 alongside the Kansas City Scouts. Since purchasing the team in 1999, Leonsis revitalized the franchise by drafting star players such as Alexander Ovechkin, Nicklas Backstrom, Mike Green and Braden Holtby; the 2009–10 Capitals won the franchise's first Presidents' Trophy for being the team with the most points at the end of the regular season. They won it a second time in 2015–16, did so for a third time the following season in 2016–17. In addition to eleven division titles and three Presidents' Trophies, the Capitals have reached the Stanley Cup Finals in 1998 and 2018, winning in the latter.
The Capitals have retired the use of four numbers in honor of four players. In addition, the team holds an association with a number of individuals inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame; the Capitals are presently affiliated with two minor league teams, the Hershey Bears of the American Hockey League, the South Carolina Stingrays of the ECHL. Along with the Kansas City Scouts, the Capitals joined the NHL as an expansion team for the 1974–75 season; the team was owned by Abe Pollin. Pollin had built the Capital Centre in suburban Landover, Maryland to house both the Bullets and the Capitals, his first act as owner was to hire Hall of Famer Milt Schmidt as general manager. With a combined 30 teams between the NHL and the World Hockey Association, the available talent was stretched thin; the Capitals had few players with professional experience and were at a disadvantage against the long-standing teams that were stocked with veteran players. Like the other three teams who joined the league during the WHA era—the Scouts, Atlanta Flames, New York Islanders—the Capitals did not factor the survival of the rival league into their plans.
The Capitals' inaugural season was dreadful by expansion standards. They finished with far and away the worst record in the league at 8–67–5; the eight wins are the fewest for an NHL team playing at least 70 games, the.131 winning percentage is still the worst in NHL history. They set records for most road losses, most consecutive road losses, most consecutive losses. Head coach Jim Anderson said, "I'd rather find out my wife was cheating on me than keep losing like this. At least I could tell my wife to cut it out." Schmidt himself had to take over the coaching reins late in the season. In 1975–76, Washington went 25 straight games without a win and allowed 394 goals en route to another horrendous record: 11–59–10. In the middle of the season, Schmidt was replaced as general manager by Max McNab and as head coach by Tom McVie. For the rest of the 1970s and early 1980s, the Capitals alternated between dreadful seasons and finishing only a few points out of the Stanley Cup playoffs; the one bright spot during these years of futility was that many of McNab's draft picks would impact the team for years to come, either as important members of the roster or as crucial pieces in major trades.
Pollin stuck it out through the Capitals' first decade though they were barely competitive. This stood in contrast to the Scouts. By the summer of 1982, there was serious talk of the team moving out of the U. S. capital, a "Save the Caps" campaign was underway. Two significant events took place to revive the franchise. First, the team hired David Poile as general manager. Second, as his first move, Poile pulled off one of the largest trades in franchise history on September 9, 1982, when he dealt longtime regulars Ryan Walter and Rick Green to the Montreal Canadiens in exchange for Rod Langway, Brian Engblom, Doug Jarvis and Craig Laughlin; this move turned the franchise around, as Langway's solid defense helped the team to reduce its goals-against, the explosive goal-scoring of Dennis Maruk, Mike Gartner and Bobby Carpenter fueled the offensive attack. Another significant move was the drafting of defenseman Scott Stevens during the 1982 NHL Entry Draft; the result was a 29-point jump, a third-place finish in the powerful Patrick Division, the team's first playoff appearance in 1983.
Although they were eliminated by the three-time-defending Stanley Cup champion New York Islanders, the Caps' dramatic turnaround ended any talk of the club leaving Washington. The Capitals would make the playoffs for each of the next 14 years in a row, becoming known for starting slow before catching fire in January and February. However, regular-season
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points. The sport is known to be fast-paced and physical, with teams consisting of six players each: one goaltender, five players who skate up and down the ice trying to take the puck and score a goal against the opposing team. Ice hockey is most popular in Canada and eastern Europe, the Nordic countries and the United States. Ice hockey is the official national winter sport of Canada. In addition, ice hockey is the most popular winter sport in Belarus, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Slovakia and Switzerland. North America's National Hockey League is the highest level for men's ice hockey and the strongest professional ice hockey league in the world; the Kontinental Hockey League is much of Eastern Europe. The International Ice Hockey Federation is the formal governing body for international ice hockey, with the IIHF managing international tournaments and maintaining the IIHF World Ranking.
Worldwide, there are ice hockey federations in 76 countries. In Canada, the United States, Nordic countries, some other European countries the sport is known as hockey. Ice hockey is believed to have evolved from simple stick and ball games played in the 18th and 19th century United Kingdom and elsewhere; these games were brought to North America and several similar winter games using informal rules as they were developed, such as "shinny" and "ice polo". The contemporary sport of ice hockey was developed in Canada, most notably in Montreal, where the first indoor hockey game was played on March 3, 1875; some characteristics of that game, such as the length of the ice rink and the use of a puck, have been retained to this day. Amateur ice hockey leagues began in the 1880s, professional ice hockey originated around 1900; the Stanley Cup, emblematic of ice hockey club supremacy, was first awarded in 1893 to recognize the Canadian amateur champion and became the championship trophy of the NHL. In the early 1900s, the Canadian rules were adopted by the Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace, the precursor of the IIHF and the sport was played for the first time at the Olympics during the 1920 Summer Olympics.
In international competitions, the national teams of six countries predominate: Canada, Czech Republic, Russia and the United States. Of the 69 medals awarded all-time in men's competition at the Olympics, only seven medals were not awarded to one of those countries. In the annual Ice Hockey World Championships, 177 of 201 medals have been awarded to the six nations. Teams outside the "Big Six" have won only five medals in either competition since 1953; the World Cup of Hockey is organized by the National Hockey League and the National Hockey League Players' Association, unlike the annual World Championships and quadrennial Olympic tournament, both run by the International Ice Hockey Federation. World Cup games are played under NHL rules and not those of the IIHF, the tournament occurs prior to the NHL pre-season, allowing for all NHL players to be available, unlike the World Championships, which overlaps with the NHL's Stanley Cup playoffs. Furthermore, all 12 Women's Olympic and 36 IIHF World Women's Championships medals were awarded to one of these six countries.
The Canadian national team or the United States national team have between them won every gold medal of either series. In England, field hockey has been called "hockey" and what was referenced by first appearances in print; the first known mention spelled as "hockey" occurred in the 1773 book Juvenile Sports and Pastimes, to Which Are Prefixed, Memoirs of the Author: Including a New Mode of Infant Education, by Richard Johnson, whose chapter XI was titled "New Improvements on the Game of Hockey". The 1573 Statute of Galway banned a sport called "'hokie'—the hurling of a little ball with sticks or staves". A form of this word was thus being used in the 16th century, though much removed from its current usage; the belief that hockey was mentioned in a 1363 proclamation by King Edward III of England is based on modern translations of the proclamation, in Latin and explicitly forbade the games "Pilam Manualem, Pedivam, & Bacularem: & ad Canibucam & Gallorum Pugnam". The English historian and biographer John Strype did not use the word "hockey" when he translated the proclamation in 1720, instead translating "Canibucam" as "Cambuck".
According to the Austin Hockey Association, the word "puck" derives from the Scottish Gaelic puc or the Irish poc. "... The blow given by a hurler to the ball with his camán or hurley is always called a puck." Stick-and-ball games date back to pre-Christian times. In Europe, these games included the Irish game of hurling, the related Scottish game of shinty and versions of field hockey. IJscolf, a game resembling colf on an ice-covered surface, was popular in the Low Countries between the Middle Ages and the Dutch Golden Age, it was played with a wooden curved bat, a wooden or leather ball and two poles, with t
Dinamo Riga is a professional ice hockey team based in Riga, Latvia. It is a member of the Kontinental Hockey League. Dinamo Riga is one of the six KHL teams; the club has an affiliated club HK Rīga, which plays in the MHL. The club was re-founded on 7 April 2008 as a successor of a former hockey team, founded in 1946, but ceased to exist in 1995. Since being re-established, Dinamo Riga plays their home games at the Arēna Rīga, which can accommodate attendance of 10,300 spectators; the club was re-founded on 7 April 2008 and among the founders of the club were Guntis Ulmanis, Kirovs Lipmans, Aigars Kalvītis, Juris Savickis, Viesturs Koziols and others. However, on 27 May, Latvian Ice Hockey Federation president Kirovs Lipmans stepped out of the project because of a possible clash of interests. After the first season, Viesturs Koziols left the project. Július Šupler became the first head coach of the club. For the first two seasons, he was assisted by Miroslav Miklošovič and Artis Ābols, but in 2010, Viktors Ignatjevs replaced Miklošovič.
On 27 April 2011, Pekka Rautakallio, was announced. In the first season of the franchise, the team was led by players like Masaļskis, Westcott, Ņiživijs and others. After 2008-09, forward Aigars Cipruss decided to retire and became the manager of Dinamo Riga's farm club, Dinamo-Juniors Riga; the team finished the regular season in tenth position, higher than anyone would have predicted before the start of the season. However, in the first round of the league playoffs, Dinamo lost to Dynamo Moscow 0–3, which advanced to the Gagarin Cup semifinals. Following the first season, Dinamo managed to sign legendary Sandis Ozoliņš, as well as Jānis Sprukts, Mārtiņš Karsums and others; the team finished the regular season in eighth place of the Western Conference, which qualified them for the playoffs. In the first round of the playoffs, Dinamo faced SKA Saint Petersburg with players like Sergei Zubov, Petr Čajánek, Maxim Sushinsky and Alexei Yashin on the roster. Still, Dinamo managed to beat SKA 3 -- advance to the Western Conference semifinals.
In the semifinals, Dinamo was defeated by Gagarin Cup finalist HC MVD, 1–4. After his league-leading performance, Marcel Hossa signed a two-year contract with the then-current KHL champions Ak Bars Kazan. Martin Kariya signed a two-year contract with Swiss NLA's HC Ambrì-Piotta. New players signed during the off-season include Tomáš Surový, Brock Trotter, Mikael Tellqvist and the returning Mark Hartigan. Július Šupler resumed his post as the head coach; the team finished the season in seventh place in the Western Conference and thirteenth in the league, as the team qualified to the playoffs. In the first round, their opponents were Dynamo Moscow. Dinamo won the series 4 -- 2, facing Lokomotiv Yaroslavl. Dinamo lost the series 1–4; as of the end of the third season, head coach Július Šupler left the team to be the coach of CSKA Moscow. On April 27, 2011, Dinamo signed Pekka Rautakallio for the head coach position. All the foreign players with no active contracts left the team to play somewhere else.
Brock Trotter left using his chance to play in the NHL with the Montreal Canadiens. Dinamo signed numerous new players for the upcoming season, from Latvia: Mārtiņš Cipulis, Māris Jučers and for probationary period: Kristiāns Pelšs, Armands Bērziņš and foreign players: Jamie Lundmark, Niclas Lucenius, Björn Melin, Fredrik Warg. Soon, Melin was fired. During the season, the team added Jakub Šindel, Ville Nieminen, Marcel Hossa to its roster, but Jakub Šindel and Ville Nieminen got fired; this is a partial list of the last ten seasons completed by Dinamo Riga. For the full season-by-season history, see List of Dinamo Riga seasons. Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, OTW = Overtime/Shootout Wins, OTL = Overtime/Shootout Losses, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against Updated 29 December 2018 The team have retired one number in their history. Július Šupler, 22 May 2008 – 29 March 2011 Pekka Rautakallio, 27 April 2011 – 5 November 2012 Artis Ābols, 5 November 2012 – April 2015 Kari Heikkilä, July 2015 - 7 January 2016 Normunds Sējējs, 7 January 2016 - 29 May 2017 Sandis Ozoliņš, 29 May 2017 - 28 September 2017 Ģirts Ankipāns, 28 September 2017 – Official website
The Halifax Mooseheads are a Canadian major junior ice hockey club in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League based out of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. The team was founded in 1994 and began play in the Dilio Division of the QMJHL from the 1994–95 season, they have appeared in the President's Cup Finals three times, winning in 2013. The other two appearances were in 2003 and 2005, they hosted the Memorial Cup tournament in 2000, won the Memorial Cup in 2013. The team plays their home games in the Scotiabank Centre with a capacity of 10,595 seats; the team was first envisioned by Moosehead Brewery Vice President of Sales and Marketing Harold MacKay in 1993, who believed that Halifax could host a QMJHL team. The QMJHL had teams located in the Province of Quebec, so adding a team in the Maritimes would add to travel costs for the other teams. MacKay was confident that the Halifax franchise could be successful and received financial backing from Moosehead Breweries President and CEO Derek Oland. After careful negotiations by MacKay, the QMJHL expanded to the city of Halifax for the 1994–95 season.
In their first year, in 1994, the Mooseheads finished in sixth place and lost in the first round of the playoffs to the Beauport Harfangs, taking the first-placed team to seven games. The Mooseheads and MacKay are considered pioneers for the QMJHL; the QMJHL has franchises in Sydney, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, New Brunswick, Saint John, New Brunswick and Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. While the League has had success with most of its Atlantic franchises, only the St. John's Fog Devils moved to Verdun, after the 2007–08 season, only their third season in existence. In 2013, the Mooseheads won the President's Cup as champions of the QMJHL; the Mooseheads went on to compete in the Memorial Cup final in Saskatoon, where they faced and defeated the Portland Winterhawks on May 26, 2013 by a score of 6–4, with Nathan MacKinnon recording a hat-trick into an empty net with only 22 seconds left in the game. They made history at the 2016 QMJHL Draft by being the first team to have the 1st and 2nd overall picks where they selected touted prospects Benoit-Olivier Groulx and Truro's Jared McIsaac.
*interim 18 Alex Tanguay 25 Jody Shelley 47 Jean-Sébastien Giguère Pat Connolly Legend: OTL = Overtime loss, SL = Shootout loss Mooseheads official web site The Q Files Metro Halifax's Mooseheads Blog
American Hockey League
The American Hockey League is a professional ice hockey league based in the United States and Canada that serves as the primary developmental league for the National Hockey League. Since the 2010–11 season, every team in the league has an affiliation agreement with one NHL team; when NHL teams do not have an AHL affiliate, players are assigned to AHL teams affiliated with other NHL teams. Twenty-seven AHL teams are located in the United States and the remaining four are in Canada; the league offices are located in Springfield and its current president is David Andrews. In general, a player must be at least 18 years of age to play in the AHL or not be beholden to a junior ice hockey team; the league limits the number of experienced professional players on a team's active roster during any given game. The AHL allows for practice squad contracts; the annual playoff champion is awarded the Calder Cup, named for Frank Calder, the first President of the NHL. The reigning champions are the Toronto Marlies.
The AHL traces its origins directly to two predecessor professional leagues: the Canadian-American Hockey League, founded in 1926, the first International Hockey League, established in 1929. Although the Can-Am League never operated with more than six teams, the departure of the Boston Bruin Cubs after the 1935–36 season reduced it down to just four member clubs – the Springfield Indians, Philadelphia Ramblers, Providence Reds, New Haven Eagles – for the first time in its history. At the same time, the then-rival IHL lost half of its eight members after the 1935–36 season leaving it with just four member teams: the Buffalo Bisons, Syracuse Stars, Pittsburgh Hornets, Cleveland Falcons. With both leagues down to the bare minimum in membership, the governors of each recognized the need for action to assure their member clubs' long-term survival, their solution was to play an interlocking schedule. While the Can-Am League was based in the Northeast and the IHL in the Great Lakes, their footprints were close enough for this to be a viable option.
The two older leagues' eight surviving clubs began joint play in November 1936 as a new two-division "circuit of mutual convenience" known as the International-American Hockey League. The four Can-Am teams became the I-AHL East Division, with the IHL quartet playing as the West Division; the IHL contributed its former championship trophy, the F. G. "Teddy" Oke Trophy, which would go to the regular-season winners of the merged league's West Division until 1952. The Oke Trophy is now awarded to the regular-season winners of the AHL's Northeast Division. A little more than a month into that first season, the balance and symmetry of the new combined circuit suffered a setback when its membership unexpectedly fell to seven teams; the West's Buffalo Bisons were forced to cease operations on December 6, 1936, after playing just 11 games, because of what proved to be insurmountable financial problems and lack of access to a suitable arena. The makeshift new I-AHL played out the rest of its first season with just seven teams.
At the end of the 1936–37 season, a modified three-round playoff format was devised and a new championship trophy, the Calder Cup, was established. The Syracuse Stars defeated the Philadelphia Ramblers in the final, three-games-to-one, to win the first-ever Calder Cup championship; the Calder Cup continues on today as the AHL's playoff championship trophy. After two seasons of interlocking play, the governors of the two leagues' seven active teams met in New York City on June 28, 1938, agreed that it was time to formally consolidate. Maurice Podoloff of New Haven, the former head of the Can-Am League, was elected the I-AHL's first president; the former IHL president, John Chick of Windsor, became vice-president in charge of officials. The new I-AHL added an eighth franchise at the 1938 meeting to fill the void in its membership left by the loss of Buffalo two years earlier with the admission of the two-time defending Eastern Amateur Hockey League champion Hershey Bears; the Bears remain the only one of these eight original I-AHL/AHL franchises to have been represented in the league without interruption since the 1938–39 season.
The newly merged circuit increased its regular-season schedule for each team by six games from 48 to 54. After the 1939–40 season the I-AHL renamed itself the American Hockey League, it enjoyed both consistent success on the ice and relative financial stability over its first three decades of operation. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the cost of doing business in professional ice hockey began to rise with NHL expansion and relocation and the 1972 formation of the World Hockey Association, which forced the relocation and subsequent folding of the Cleveland Barons, Baltimore Clippers, Quebec Aces; the number of major-league teams competing for players rose from six to thirty in just seven years. Player salaries at all levels shot up with the increased demand and competition for their services; this did not seem to affect the AHL at first, as it expanded to 12 teams by 1970. However, to help compensate for the rise in player salaries, many NHL clubs cut back on the number of p
2001 NHL Entry Draft
The 2001 NHL Entry Draft was held on June 23–24, 2001, at the National Car Rental Center in Sunrise, Florida. Teams are in North America. 2001–02 NHL season List of NHL first overall draft choices List of NHL players Diamond, Dan, ed.. National Hockey League Official Guide and Record Book 2002. National Hockey League. Prosportstransactions.com: 2001 NHL Entry Draft Pick Transactions 2001 NHL Entry Draft player stats at The Internet Hockey Database