Newington Green is an open space in north London that straddles the border between Islington and Hackney. It gives its name to the surrounding area bounded by Ball's Pond Road to the south, Petherton Road to the west, Green Lanes and Matthias Road to the north, Boleyn Road to the east; the Green itself is in N16 and the area is covered by the N16, N5 postcodes. The first record of the area is as'Neutone' in the Domesday Survey of 1086, when it still formed part of the demesne of St Paul’s Cathedral; the thirteenth century saw Newton become Newington, whilst the prefix'Stoke' was added in the area to the north, distinguishing it from Newington Barrow or Newington Berners in Islington. Newington Barrow became known as Highbury, after the manor house built on a hill. There was a medieval settlement, the prevailing activity was agriculture, growing hay and food for the inhabitants of nearby London. By the 15th century the area had become more prosperous and in 1445 there were a good number of Londoners living in the hamlet.
The name Newington Green was first mentioned in 1480. By the 1490s it was fringed by cottages and crofts on the three sides in Newington Barrow manor in Islington; the north side was divided between the manors of Stoke Brownswood in South Hornsey. In the 16th century the area was connected to the court of Henry VIII; the king himself used a house on the south side of the Green as a base for hunting the wild bulls and wild boars that roamed the surrounding forest. In 1523 a resident of the north side of the Green, the future 6th Earl of Northumberland, Henry Percy became engaged to Anne Boleyn. At the time he was page to Cardinal Wolsey. Lord Percy had not sought permission from either his father or the king, causing Wolsey to scold him and his father to refuse the marriage, he found himself a member of the jury that convicted Anne of adultery. His home, Brook House, stood at the northeast corner of the square, it was decorated with gilded and painted wainscotting. It was demolished, renamed Bishop's Place, divided into tenements for the poor.
In 1535 Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, took up residence at Canonbury Tower to the south of the area, from where he organised the Dissolution of the Monasteries and their transfer into royal ownership. Other Tower residents included, in the 16th century, John Dudley, Earl of Warwick and afterwards Duke of Northumberland, general and politician; the famous 17th century diarist Samuel Pepys was sent to the Newington Green and Kingsland area by his mother in order to benefit from the fresh air and open spaces of what was a rural area at that time. Newington Green's history is marked by several streets in the area taking their name from this period, such as King Henry’s Walk, Boleyn Road, Wolsey Road and Queen Elizabeth’s Walk. Many other thoroughfares are named after the Mildmay estate, including Mildmay Park, Mildmay Grove North and Mildmay Grove South. Sir Walter Mildmay was the Chancellor of the Exchequer under Elizabeth I, he was one of the special commissioners in the trial of Mary, Queen of Scots, founded Emmanuel College, Cambridge in 1584.
His grandson Sir Henry Mildmay served as MP and was Master of the Jewel House for Charles I. Henry was critical of the king's religious policies, supported Parliament during the civil wars and attended the king's trial. After the Restoration Henry was arrested for his part in the regicide, but granted leniency because he had refused to sign the king's death warrant. Instead of the death penalty he was sent to the Tower of London, stripped of his knighthood and his estates and sentenced to life imprisonment. Mildmay Mission Hospital was founded in the 1890s, inspired by the work of the Reverend William Pennefather during the cholera epidemic of 1866, it was absorbed into the National Health Service in 1948, in the 1980s began pioneering work into the treatment of patients with HIV/AIDS, which it continues. Mildmay Park, located on the street of the same name, was a station on the North London Railway. Opened in 1880, it closed in 1934; the station building was demolished in 1987, but remnants of the platforms can still be seen at track level.
The area became the home of English Dissenters during the 17th century. Following the religious upheavals after the Restoration, some Protestants chose to remain in England and maintain their faith but they had to live with the restrictions the state placed upon them, they moved to places tolerant of them. One such place was Newington Green still an agricultural village, but conveniently near London.) Oliver Cromwell's family had links there: his great-granddaughter Mary was born at the Green on 11 April 1691. A critical mass of "dissident intellectuals, pedagogues with reforming ideas and Dissenters" and "the well-to-do edge of radical Protestantism" clustered around Newington Green, other villages nearby such as Stoke Newington and Hackney. Not all of these free-thinkers were Unitarians: other notables include the Quaker physician John Coakley Lettsome and the Anglican pacifist Vicesimus Knox. One such academy was set up on north of the Green, run by Charles Morton. One of the academy's students was Daniel Defoe, the writer and spy famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe.
Another pupil was the controversial poet Samuel W
Sir Walter Mildmay was an English statesman who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer of England under Queen Elizabeth I, was founder of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. Born at Moulsham, Mildmay was the fourth and the youngest son of Thomas Mildmay, Auditor of the Court of Augmentations for Henry VIII, by his wife, Agnes Read; as the Commissioner for receiving the surrender of the monasteries, his father Thomas had made a large fortune and in 1540 was granted the Manor of Moulsham, near Chelmsford, where he built a fine mansion. Mildmay was educated at Christ's College, but failed to take his degree, he became a student of law at Gray's Inn, there obtained some employment under his father in the Court of Augmentations. When the Court of Augmentation was reconstituted, about 1545, Mildmay was made one of its two surveyors-general. During Edward VI's reign, Mildmay extended his official connection. On 22 February 1546-7 he was knighted, on 14 September prepared, along with three others, an inventory of the late King's wardrobe.
Sixteen days he was appointed a Commissioner to report upon the Crown revenues. In 1548 he acted on commissions for the sale of lands and for the maintenance of such grammar schools as had belonged to the dissolved chantries. After the Duke of Somerset's arrest he was ordered by the Privy Council on 12 November 1549, to examine the royal palace at Westminster, in the Duke's custody, on 8 March 1550-1 to take charge of the Duke's property at Syon House. For his services he received many grants of land in Gloucestershire and Berkshire, some of which he exchanged for manors in Oxfordshire and Northamptonshire, he fixed his country residence at Apethorpe Hall, granted to him in 1552, was confirmed to him in 1556. When in London he lived in the parish of Great St. Bartholomew's. Mildmay soon proved himself a skilful financier. In 1550 he was directed, together with the Earl of Warwick and Sir William Herbert, to examine the accounts of the King's mints, in 1551 superintended the establishment of a new mint at York.
In December 1551 he was a Commissioner to inspect the Courts. On 2 January 1552 he was commissioned to levy the King's debts. Mildmay was elected MP for Lostwithiel in 1545, for Lewes in 1547 and Maldon on 1 March 1553, for Peterborough on 5 October 1553. Although he was a convinced Calvinist, Queen Mary's accession did not appreciably depress his fortunes, before her death he was employed on Government business. On 9 January 1558 he was appointed treasurer of the forces sent to the relief of Calais and was chosen as knight of the shire to represent Northamptonshire in the parliament meeting in January 1557. Under Queen Elizabeth, with whom he exchanged New-Year's gifts, his influence grew. On her accession he was at once made treasurer of her household, was appointed a member of a small committee of ways and means to supply the empty exchequer, he was soon busily employed in preparing a census of the farms of the royal revenues, in examining Queen Mary's grants of land, in compounding with those who refused knighthood, in directing the issue of a new coinage, in selling crown lands.
On 21 April 1566 Sir Richard Sackville, the then-chancellor of the exchequer and Mildmay was appointed as his replacement. Busily occupied in the duties of his offices until his death, he concerned himself little with general politics; as the brother-in-law of Francis Walsingham and the friend of Lord Burghley, he was, always heard with attention in the Privy Council, the Star Chamber, in Parliament. He used what influence he possessed to shield the Puritans from the attacks of the bishops, urged the Queen to intervene on behalf of the Protestants in the Low Countries In his speeches in Parliament he argued that a liberal grant of subsidies placed the government under an obligation to redress grievances, thus identified himself with the popular party in the commons. In 1572 he helped to prepare evidence against Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, who after his condemnation gave him some rich jewels; the affairs of Mary, Queen of Scots occasionally occupied his attention. When she arrived in England in 1567 he advised her detention.
In October 1577 he and Cecil visited her at Chatsworth, after she had announced that she had important secrets to reveal to Elizabeth. In 1586 he went to Fotheringay Castle and informed her of her forthcoming trial, in which he took part as one of the special commissioners. In March 1587 he urged the condemnation of William Davison in the Star Chamber. Although four times nominated an ambassador to Scotland, in 1565, 1580, 1582, 1583, he was on each occasion detained at home, but when his name was suggested for the office in 1589, James VI expressed great readiness to receive him. Mildmay's illness, brought the suggestion to nothing. Mildmay died at Hackney on 31 May 1589, is buried beside his wife in the church of St Bartholomew the Great in London, where an elaborate monument still exists to his memory; the decorations are heraldic, but the Latin epitaph records names and dates. The tomb was r
Mildmay Park railway station
Mildmay Park railway station is a former railway station on the North London Line between Canonbury and Dalston Kingsland stations. The station was on Mildmay Park between Balls Pond Road; the North London Railway from Dalston Junction to Highbury & Islington was opened on 26 September 1850 although the station was not opened until 1 January 1880. It was closed by the London and Scottish Railway on 1 October 1934; the ticket office was on brick columns over the eastbound track and was demolished in 1987. Some remnants of the platforms remain. Disused stations - Mildmay Park
Mildmay Fane, 2nd Earl of Westmorland
Mildmay Fane, 2nd Earl of Westmorland, styled Lord le Despenser between 1624 and 1628, was an English nobleman and writer. One of seven sons of Francis Fane by his wife Mary Mildmay, granddaughter of Sir Walter Mildmay, Mildmay Fane was born in Kent and educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, he became MP for Peterborough in 1620 and for Kent in 1625. He succeeded his father as Earl of Westmorland and Lord le Despenser on 23 March 1629. A friend of Robert Herrick, he supported the Royalist party at the outbreak of the English Civil War. Following a brief period of imprisonment by Parliament, however, he retired to his estate at Apethorpe in Northamptonshire. One hundred and thirty seven poems by Fane appeared in his self-published collection Otia Sacra in 1648—the first time a peer of England published his own verse, it was only at the end of the twentieth century that a larger body of Fane's verse was identified: some 500 poems by Fane, composed between 1621 and 1665, were published in 2001.
The poems survived in manuscript collections preserved at Fulbeck Hall in Lincolnshire, Houghton Library at Harvard University, the Westmorland papers preserved at the Northamptonshire Record Office. Fane wrote masques and stage plays. For his 1641 masque Candia Restaurata, Fane designed sets and stage effects and composed some of the music used in the production. Virtue's Triumph features personifications of Ambition and Impudence and Deceits; the protagonist of De Pugna Animi is Lord Mens, assisted by figures like Sir Ratio Prudens in resisting a revolt of the five senses. Fane wrote his play The Change during his imprisonment in the Tower of London early in the Civil War. One of his plays, titled Ladrones, was known in manuscript in the 19th century and featured Sir Francis Drake, Thomas Cavendish, Ferdinand Magellan as characters. Fane's total extant literary output includes over 900 poems in English and Latin, eight plays or entertainments. Fane married twice: firstly, in 1620, to Grace Thornhurst, daughter of Sir William Thornhurst of Kent, with whom he had a son and five daughters.
She married secondly John Cecil, 4th Earl of Exeter, a widower, on 24 January 1670. Mildmay's first son Charles, his second son Vere, both succeeded to their father's title in turn. Mildmay Fane's younger brother Sir Francis Fane married Elizabeth West, daughter of William West of Firbeck Hall and widow of John, Lord Darcy of the North. Sir Francis Fane achieved some distinction as a writer, publishing poetry as well as three dramatic plays, he was made Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of Charles I, served as governor of Doncaster Castle during the English civil war. Rachael Fane, one of Mildmay Fane's seven sisters and a resident of Apethorpe wrote entertainments and a masque that were performed by the household, her works survive in manuscript. Another younger brother was MP Colonel the Hon. George Fane. Raguaillo d'Oceano Candia Restaurata Time's Trick Upon the Cards The Change Virtue's Triumph Don Phoebo's Triumph De Pugna Animi Ladrones, or the Robbers' Island Otia Sacra text Link to English Heritage web-site for Apethorpe
Sir Anthony Mildmay was a country gentleman from Northamptonshire, who served as Member of Parliament for Wiltshire from 1584 to 1586 and as English ambassador in Paris in 1597. Mildmay was the eldest son of Sir Walter Mildmay and Mary Walsingham, sister of Sir Francis Walsingham, he inherited the family estate of Apethorpe, Northamptonshire, in 1589. He went to Peterhouse and delivered an oration with much success when the Queen visited the college on 9 August 1564, he entered Gray's Inn in 1579. Mildmay was High Sheriff of Northamptonshire for 1580 and 1592, he was a Member of Parliament for Newton, Lancashire, in 1571, for Wiltshire from 1584 to 1586. and for Westminster in 1597. He was knighted in 1596. "I always knew him," wrote Chamberlain soon after Mildmay had settled in Paris, "to be paucorum hominum, yet he hath showed himself an honourable fast frend where he found vertue and desert". The French King complained of Mildmay's ungenial manner and of the coldness with which he listened to the praises of the Earl of Essex.
At an interview in March 1597 Henry threatened to strike him. He returned home in the year, declined an invitation to resume the post in 1598. Mildmay died on 11 September 1617, was buried at Apethorpe, Northamptonshire where an elaborate monument was erected to his memory. A portrait is at Cambridge. By his marriage in 1567 with Grace, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Henry Sharington of Lacock Abbey, in Wiltshire, he left an only child, Mary Mildmay, who married Francis Fane, 1st Earl of Westmorland, was mother of Mildmay Fane, 2nd Earl of Westmorland. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lee, Sidney. "Mildmay, Walter". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 37. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 388–390. Ford, L. L. "Mildmay, Sir Walter", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, retrieved 4 March 2011 MILDMAY, Anthony of Apethorpe, Northants
Francis Mildmay, 1st Baron Mildmay of Flete
Francis Bingham Mildmay, 1st Baron Mildmay of Flete, TD, DL was a Liberal and a Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 until 1922 when he was raised to the peerage. Mildmay was his wife, Georgiana Frances, he was educated at Cambridge. He became a partner in the firm of Baring Brothers. At the 1885 general election, Mildmay was elected Liberal Member of Parliament for the Totnes division of Devon, he was one of the Liberal Unionists who combined to oppose the Home Rule Bill in 1885, was returned in subsequent parliaments as a Liberal Unionist, from 1912 as a Conservative. He held the seat for 37 years until he retired from the Commons at the 1922 general election and was ennobled. Mildmay held a commission in the West Kent Yeomanry, a cavalry Yeomanry regiment, where he was first lieutenant, promoted to captain on 17 May 1893, to major on 20 March 1901, he saw active service in the Second Boer War when he volunteered for the Imperial Yeomanry, where he was appointed a lieutenant in the 11th battalion on 10 February 1900, leaving Liverpool for South Africa on the SS Cymric in March 1900.
After the war had ended, he returned to a commission in the West Kent Yeomanry in August 1902. He served in World War I between 1914 and 1918. At one stage he was divisional interpreter of General Sir Thomas D'Oyly Snow, who referred to him with affection and some wonderment at his tireless work and bravery in doing his duty at the Second Battle of Ypres. Mildmay was found to be carrying messages across the battlefield. Snow described him as a colourful and brave chap and recommended him for a decoration more than once though he never got one apart from the Territorial Decoration. Mildmay was created Baron Mildmay of Flete, of Totnes in the County of Devon, on the 20 November 1922 and was a member of the Committee for Review of Political Honours Commission between 1923 and 1924. Appointed a deputy lieutenant of Devon on 31 March 1913, he became Lord-Lieutenant of Devon in 1928, he lived at Flete House, a mansion near Plymouth built by his father which remodelled and extended the original house of the Elizabethan era.
He was an extensive breeder and exhibitor of South Devon Cattle and was President of the Royal Agricultural Society of England in 1932 and from 1941-43. He was a member and treasurer of the Medical Research Council and a director of the Great Western Railway, who named'Bulldog' class locomotive 3417 after him. Mildmay married Alice O. St. J. Grenfell, daughter of Charles Seymour Grenfell, in 1906, they had two children: a son, a daughter. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Francis Mildmay