Military Academy Karlberg

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Military Academy Karlberg
Militärhögskolan Karlberg
Militärhögskolan Karlberg vapen.svg
Motto
Ihärdighet - Segervisshet[1]
Motto in English
"Persistence - Sobriety"
March"Narvamarsch" (von Düben)[note 1]
TypeMilitary academy
Established1792 (1792)
Officer in charge
Captain Anna-Karin Broth
Administrative staff
120
Undergraduates300
Location, ,
Sweden
CampusKarlberg Palace
Websitewww.forsvarsmakten.se/en/

Military Academy Karlberg (Swedish: Militärhögskolan Karlberg, MHS K) is a Swedish military academy, since its inauguration in 1792 in operation in the Karlberg Palace in Solna, just north of central Stockholm. It is thus the oldest military academy in the world to remain in its original location.

Swedish cadets join the academy as part of their three-year training as do officers aspiring to become navy lieutenants or army and air force captains.[3]

As of 2007, the academy employs approximately 150 people and train some 300 officers annually.[4] Notwithstanding Karlberg being a military institution, the palace and its park, classified as a historical monument of national interest, is accessible to the general public.[5]

History[edit]

Karlberg Palace

King Gustav III's ambitions to establish an academy for cadets at Ulriksdal Palace were cancelled following his death in 1792 as his wife Queen Sophia Magdalena wished to have that palace as a private residence; the Kungliga Krigsacademien ("Royal War Academy") was subsequently relocated to Karlberg Palace, the former royal summer residence, where the first generation of cadets began their education in November the same year.[4]

Shortly after the death of the king, during the regency of Gustav IV Adolf, an enlargement was found necessary to accommodate the officers and construction work on the elongated pavilions of the palace commenced the following year to be accomplished to the design of Carl Christoffer Gjörwell three years later.[4]

Until 1867 both navy and army cadets were educated at Karlberg, after which the two military educations were separated for 132 years before being unified again in 1999, since 2003 accompanied by air force officers.[3]

Heraldry and traditions[edit]

Colours, standards and guidons[edit]

The colour of the Military Academy Karlberg was presented to the former Military Academy (Krigsskolan Karlberg, KS) at the Karlberg Palace in Solna by His Majesty the King Carl XVI Gustaf at the 200-years school anniversary on 23 May 1992,[6] it is drawn by Ingrid Lamby and embroidered by machine in insertion technique by the company Libraria. Blazon: "On blue cloth in the centre, an erect white rapier of Gustaf II Adolf pattern surmounted an open yellow chaplet of laurels and in the second and fourth corners the year 1792 divided with two yellow figures in each corner."[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of the arms of the Military Academy Karlberg (KS) 1977–1983, the Swedish Army Staff College (Arméns krigshögskola, AKHS) 1983–1994, the Military Academy Karlberg (KS) 1994–1999 and the Military Academy Karlberg (MHS K) from 1999. Blazon: "Azure, an erect rapier argent inside an open chaplet of laurels or. In field III and IV the year 1792 with two figures each field of the last colour".[7]

Medals[edit]

In 2003, the Militärhögskolan Karlbergs (MHS K) förtjänstmedalj ("Military Academy Karlberg (MHS K) Medal of Merit") in gold, silver and bronze (MHSKGM/SM/BM) of the 8th size was established; the medal ribbon is of blue moiré with a yellow and a red stripe on each side. A wreath of laurel in gold/silver is attached to the ribbon.[8]

Heads[edit]

  • 1792–1793: Governor Major General Peter Bernhard Piper
  • 1793–1824: Governor Major General Count Nils August Cronstedt
  • 1824–1839: Governor General Johan Lefrén
  • 1839–1850: Governor Colonel Adolf Ammilon
  • 1850–1861: Governor Lieutenant General Magnus Thulstrup
  • 1861–1865: Governor Colonel Carl Gustaf Lagercrantz
  • 1865–1875: Governor Colonel Lars Johan Malcolm Reenstierna
  • 1875–1882: Colonel Count Gustaf Snoilsky
  • 1882–1890: Colonel Henning Thulstrup
  • 1890–1897: General Gustaf Uggla
  • 1897–1901: Colonel Hans Alexander Gustaf Altvater Pantzerhielm
  • 1901–1906: Lieutenant Colonel Baron Adolf Fredrik Constantin Fock
  • 1906–1912: Lieutenant General Baron Vilhelm Rappe
  • 1912–1916: Colonel Gustaf Bouveng
  • 1916–1921: Colonel Erik Nordenskjöld
  • 1921–1926: Lieutenant Colonel Tage af Klercker
  • 1926–1930: Colonel Carl Uggla
  • 1930–1933: Colonel Ernst af Klercker
  • 1933–1937: Colonel Karl Gustaf Emanuel Brandel
  • 1937–1940: Major General Gustaf Petri
  • 1940–1944: Colonel Bertil Uggla
  • 1944–1947: Colonel Gilbert Nordqvist
  • 1947–1949: Major General Carl Fredrik Reinhold Lemmel
  • 1949–1953: Colonel Malcolm Murray
  • 1953–1958: Major General Bengt Carl Olof Hjelm
  • 1958–1964: Colonel Anders Grafström
  • 1964–1969: Colonel Nils-Ivar Carlborg
  • 1969–1973: Colonel 1st Class Gösta Gärdin
  • 1973–1974: Major General Bengt Liljestrand
  • 1974–1976: Colonel 1st Class Gunnar Olov Johannes Hallström
  • 1976–1980: Colonel 1st Class Rolf Frykhammar
  • 1980–1983: Lieutenant General Curt Sjöö
  • 1983–1988: Colonel 1st Class Matts Uno Liljegren
  • 1988–1992: Colonel Knut Anders Gustaf Anerud
  • 1992–1997: Colonel Lars Björkman
  • 1997–1998: Colonel Urban Staaff
  • 1999–2001: Colonel Jan-Axel Thomelius
  • 2002–2004: Colonel Bengt Nylander
  • 2005–2008: Colonel Urban Molin
  • 2008–2009: Lieutenant Colonel mst Mats Alnevik
  • 2009–2013: Colonel Mats Danielsson
  • 2013–2014: Lieutenant Colonel mst Mats Alnevik
  • 2014–2016: Colonel Rikard Askstedt
  • 2016–present Captain Anna-Karin Broth

Names, designations and locations[edit]

Name Translation From To
Kungliga Krigsakademien Royal War Academy 1792-??-?? 1863-??-??
Kungliga Krigsskolan[9] Royal Military Academy[9] 1863-??-?? 1974-12-31
Krigsskolan Military Academy Karlberg 1975-01-01 1998-12-31
Militärhögskolan Karlberg Military Academy Karlberg[10] 1999-01-01
Designation From To
KS 1863-??-?? 1998-12-31
MHS K 1999-01-01
Location From To
Karlberg Palace 1792-??-??

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The march was established on 17 March 1999.[2]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Handbok: parad 6: traditionsvård 2017, p. 60
  2. ^ Sandberg 2007, p. 26
  3. ^ a b Military Academy Karlberg
  4. ^ a b c Historiesajten
  5. ^ Fortifikationsverket
  6. ^ a b Braunstein 2004, p. 96
  7. ^ Braunstein 2006, pp. 41, 69
  8. ^ Braunstein 2007, p. 119
  9. ^ a b Gullberg 1977, p. 1443
  10. ^ Grafisk profil 2013, p. 64

Print[edit]

  • Braunstein, Christian (2004). Svenska försvarsmaktens fälttecken efter millennieskiftet [The flags and standards of the Swedish armed forces after the turn of the millennium] (PDF). Skrift / Statens försvarshistoriska museer, 1101-7023 ; 7 [dvs 8] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Statens försvarshistoriska museer. ISBN 91-971584-7-X. LIBRIS 9815350.
  • Braunstein, Christian (2006). Heraldiska vapen inom det svenska försvaret [Heraldry of the Swedish Armed Forces] (PDF). Skrift / Statens försvarshistoriska museer, 1101-7023 ; 9 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Statens försvarshistoriska museer. ISBN 91-971584-9-6. LIBRIS 10099224.
  • Braunstein, Christian (2007). Utmärkelsetecken på militära uniformer [Decorations on Swedish military uniforms] (PDF). Skrift / Statens försvarshistoriska museer, 1101-7023 ; 12 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Statens försvarshistoriska museer. ISBN 978-91-976220-2-8. LIBRIS 10423295.
  • Gullberg, Ingvar E. (1977). Svensk-engelsk fackordbok för näringsliv, förvaltning, undervisning och forskning [A Swedish-English dictionary of technical terms used in business, industry, administration, education and research] (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Stockholm: Norstedt. ISBN 91-1-775052-0. LIBRIS 8345587.
  • Sandberg, Bo (2007). Försvarets marscher och signaler förr och nu: marscher antagna av svenska militära förband, skolor och staber samt igenkännings-, tjänstgörings- och exercissignaler (in Swedish) (New ed.). Stockholm: Militärmusiksamfundet med Svenskt marscharkiv. ISBN 978-91-631-8699-8. LIBRIS 10413065.
  • Handbok: parad 6: traditionsvård : H PARAD 6 2016 (PDF) (in Swedish). Stockholm: Försvarsmakten. 2017. LIBRIS 22459606.

Web[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°20′26″N 18°01′11″E / 59.34056°N 18.01972°E / 59.34056; 18.01972