Military Intelligence Corps (United States Army)

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Military Intelligence Corps
Military Intelligence Regimental Insignia.png
Country United States
Branch U.S. Army
Type Military intelligence
Garrison/HQ INSCOMFort Belvoir, VA
Motto(s) Always Out Front
March "Freedom on Parade"
Engagements American Civil War
World War I
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Commanders
U.S. Army Deputy Chief of Staff (G2 - Intelligence) LTG Scott D. Berrier
Commander (INSCOM) MG Christopher S. Ballard
Insignia
Branch insignia
MI Corps Insignia.svg
Branch plaque
US Army MI Branch Plaque.png
Regimental coat of arms
US Army MI Regimental Coat of Arms.jpg

The Military Intelligence Corps (sometimes referred to as MI) is the intelligence branch of the United States Army. The primary mission of military intelligence in the United States Army is to provide timely, relevant, accurate, and synchronized intelligence and electronic warfare support to tactical, operational and strategic-level commanders, the Army’s intelligence components produce intelligence both for Army use and for sharing across the national intelligence community.[1]

History[edit]

Intelligence personnel were a part of the Continental Army from its founding in 1775.

In January 1863, Major General Joseph Hooker established the Bureau of Military Information for the Union Army during the Civil War, headed by George H. Sharpe. Allan Pinkerton and Lafayette C. Baker handled similar operations for their respective regional commanders. All of those operations were shut down at the end of the Civil War in 1865.[2]

In 1885, the Army established the Military Intelligence Division (MID); in 1903, the MID was placed under the new general staff in an elevated position.[3]

In March 1942, the Military Intelligence Division was reorganized as the Military Intelligence Service (MIS). Originally consisting of just 26 people, 16 of them officers, it was quickly expanded to include 342 officers and 1,000 enlisted personnel and civilians, it was tasked with collecting, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence. Initially it included:

  • an Administrative Group
  • an Intelligence Group
  • a Counter-intelligence Group
  • an Operations Group

In May 1942, Alfred McCormack established the Special Branch of MIS, which specialized in COMINT.

On January 1, 1942, the U.S. Army Corps of Intelligence Police (CIP), founded in World War I, was re-designated as the US Army Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC). In 1945, the Special Branch became the Army Security Agency.

On 1 July 1962, the Army Intelligence and Security Branch was established as a basic Army branch to meet the increased need for national and tactical intelligence.[4]

It was in July 1967, that a number of intelligence and security organizations were combined to form the military intelligence branch.[5][6][7] In 1977 they eventually recombined with the Army Intelligence Agency and Army Security Agency to become the US Army Intelligence and Security Command.

In 1971, the United States Army Intelligence Center was established at Fort Huachuca, Arizona as the home of the military intelligence branch. On 1 July 1987 the Military Intelligence Corps was activated as a regiment under the U.S. Army Regimental System.[8] All United States Army Military Intelligence personnel are members of the Military Intelligence Corps.

Structure[edit]

Approximately 28,000 military personnel and 3,800 civilian personnel are assigned to intelligence duties, comprising the Military Intelligence Corps, some of the key components include:

Name Insignia Function Garrison
Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence (G-2) United States Army Intelligence Seal.gif As the Army's Chief Intelligence Officer, the responsibilities of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence include policy formulation, planning, programming, budgeting, management, staff supervision, evaluation, and oversight for intelligence activities, as well as overall coordination of the major intelligence disciplines. Ft Belvoir
U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) INSCOM.svg INSCOM is the U.S. Army's major intelligence command. Ft Belvoir
U.S. Army Military Intelligence Readiness Command (MIRC) MIReadinessCmdSSI.jpg MIRC is the U.S. Army Reserve's intelligence command. Ft Belvoir
U.S. Army Intelligence Center of Excellence (USAICoE) United States Army Intelligence Center CSIB.gif USAICoE is the U.S. Army's school for professional training of military intelligence personnel. Fort Huachuca

Major Military Intelligence Units[edit]

Name Insignia Supports Garrison
1st Information Operations Command (Land)
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment
  • 1st Battalion
  • 2nd Battalion
  • Army Reserve Element (ARE)
US Army 1st Information Operations Command SSI.png United States Army Cyber Command (ARCYBER) Fort Belvoir
58th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 1st Squadron, 158th Cavalry Regiment
  • 629th Network Support Signal Company
  • 729th Brigade Support Company
58th Infantry Brigade SSI.svg Maryland Army National Guard Maryland
66th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 2nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 24th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 709th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 323rd Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
66MIBdeSSI.png United States Army Europe Lucius D. Clay Kaserne (Wiesbaden, Germany)
71st Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 3rd Squadron, 124th Cavalry Regiment
  • 636th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 236th Network Support Signal Company
  • 112th Brigade Support Company
71st BfSB SSI.jpg Texas Army National Guard Texas
111th Military Intelligence Brigade 111th MI BDE Patch.svg United States Army Intelligence Center of Excellence Fort Huachuca
116th Military Intelligence Brigade (Aerial Intelligence)
  • US Army 116th MI Bde DUI.png Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • DCGS-Army Operations and Exploitation Unit
  • 138th Military Intelligence Company (JSTARS-Army element) (Robins AFB)
  • 3 MI Bn DUI.png 3rd Military Intelligence Battalion (Aerial Exploitation) (Camp Humphreys)
  • 15 MI Bn DUI.jpg 15th Military Intelligence Battalion (Aerial Exploitation) (Fort Hood)
  • 204th MI BN.jpg 204th Military Intelligence Battalion (Aerial Exploitation) (Fort Bliss)
  • US Army 224th MI Bn-DUI.png 224th Military Intelligence Battalion (Aerial Exploitation) (Hunter Army Airfield)
US Army 116th Military Intelligence Brigade SSI.png INSCOM Fort Gordon
201st Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 109th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 502nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 63rd Network Support Signal Company
  • 602nd Brigade Support Company
201BfSBSSI.jpg I Corps Fort Lewis
207th Military Intelligence Brigade (Theater)
  • US Army 307 MI Bn DUI.png 307th Military Intelligence Battalion (collections)
  • US Army 522 MI Bn DUI.png 522nd Military Intelligence Battalion (operations)
  • US Army 337th MI Bn DUI.png 337th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
207MIBdeSSI.png United States Army Africa Vicenza, Italy
259th Military Intelligence Brigade (Expeditionary) (Army Reserve) US Army 259th MI Bde SSI.png MIRC Joint Base Lewis–McChord
300th Military Intelligence Brigade (Linguist) (Army National Guard) 300MIBdeSSI.gif INSCOM Draper, Utah
336th Military Intelligence Brigade (Expeditionary) (Army Reserve) U.S. Army 336 MI Bde SSI.png MIRC New Jersey
470th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 201st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 312th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 717th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 377th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
470 MI BDE SSI.jpg United States Army South Fort Sam Houston
500th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 205th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 441st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 715th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 301st Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
500MIBdeSSI.jpg United States Army Pacific Schofield Barracks
501st Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 524th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 532nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 719th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 368th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
501 MI BDE SSI.png Eighth United States Army Yongsan Garrison, (South Korea)
504th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 163rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 303rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 509th Brigade Support Company
504thMIBrigade.svg III Corps Fort Hood
505th Military Intelligence Brigade (Army Reserve)[9]
  • US Army 383 MI Bn DUI.png 383rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • US Army 549 MI Bn DUI.png 549th Military Intelligence Battalion
US Army 505th MIB SSI.png United States Army North San Antonio, Texas
513th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 202nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 297th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 345th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
513 mi bde patch.svg United States Army Central Fort Gordon
525th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade 525 BfSB.png XVIII Corps Fort Bragg
650th Military Intelligence Group[10][11] 650th MI Group.png Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe Mons, Belgium
704th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 741st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 742nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 743rd Military Intelligence Battalion
704MIBdeSSI.jpg National Security Agency Fort George G. Meade
706th Military Intelligence Group
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 707th Military Intelligence Battalion
706 MI Group SSI.png Central Security Service Fort Gordon
780th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 781st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 782nd Military Intelligence Battalion
US Army 780th MIB SSI.png ARCYBER Fort George G. Meade
902d Military Intelligence Group
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment
  • 308th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 310th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 752nd Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
  • Army Counterintelligence Center
  • Army Operations Security Detachment
902 MI Group SSI.jpg INSCOM Fort George G. Meade
National Ground Intelligence Center Inscom.png INSCOM Charlottesville, Virginia
National Intelligence Support Group (Army Reserve) MIReadinessCmdSSI.jpg MIRC

Creed of the Military Intelligence Corps[edit]

I am a Soldier first, but an intelligence professional second to none.
With pride in my heritage, but focused on the future,
Performing the first task of an Army:
To find, know, and never lose the enemy.
With a sense of urgency and of tenacity, professional and physical fitness,
and above all, INTEGRITY, for in truth lies victory.
Always at silent war, while ready for a shooting war,
The silent warrior of the ARMY team.[12]

Military Intelligence Corps March

Onward to victory!
Our silent warriors to the fight.
Onward to victory!
Trained and ready day or night.
Peace through intelligence!
Here's to your health and to our corps.
Strength through intelligence!
Toujours Avant forever more.

Museum[edit]

The United States Army Intelligence Museum is located at Fort Huachuca, Arizona, it features the history of American military intelligence from the Revolutionary War to present. In the Army Military Intelligence Museum there is a painting of “The MI Blue Rose.” The back of this painting indicates Sgt. Ralph R Abel, Jr. did this art.The painting was photographed and distributed worldwide. Sgt Abel also painted a replica of the Corps flag.

Military Intelligence Hall of Fame[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Intelligence Community Official Website Archived 21 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 December 2013. Retrieved 2014-07-24. 
  3. ^ The FBI: A Comprehensive Reference Guide. Google Books. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "Army Birthdays". U.S. Army Center of Military History. Department of the Army. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Publications 101" (PDF). usapa.army.mil. 
  6. ^ "index2". Hrc.army.mil. 28 October 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  7. ^ John Patrick Finnegan, Center of Military History, United States Army, Washington, D. C. (1998). "Military Intelligence". Archived from the original on 22 January 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2008. 
  8. ^ Welcome To the Intelligence Center Online Network Archived 17 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ MIRC Family Programs Newsletter; Volume 1, Issue 4 Archived 18 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine. dated October 2014, last accessed 18 April 2015
  10. ^ AR 381–10, U.S. Army Intelligence Activities, Department of the Army, dated 3 May 2007, last accessed 7 July 2012
  11. ^ FM 34-37; Strategic, Departmental, and Operational IEW Operations; Chapter 9, 650TH Military Intelligence Group, last accessed 7 July 2012
  12. ^ "G-2 Intelligence". U.S. Army Europe. Retrieved 25 November 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]