12 is an independent feature film written, directed and produced over the course of 10 years by filmmaker Lawrence Bridges. Considered the longest continuous production in film's history, 12 is the first film to use the aging of its actors as a practical effect; the film received acclaim from such notable publications as Variety and The Los Angeles Times, while playing at over 15 festivals worldwide. The film is a postmodern spoof that tells the story of Zeus' modern day illegitimate children and his half-sister Marie-Noel, who are forced to move from their Channel Island ranch because their neighbors have grown suspicious of the fact they haven't aged for decades. Meanwhile, the U. S. government wants to turn their land into a national park. When the twelve Greek Gods return to Los Angeles for relaxation Zeus expects them to identify the play fated and modeled around their current lives—Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest—and perform the work flawlessly, in its entirety, for the Gods' entertainment.
By such means, as the play's plot unfolds, the children are guaranteed credible lives. "Act or die," he commands. But if they fail to perform the play to its conclusion, or if they rebel, they will be killed by jealous Hera; the mere existence of these illegitimate children are an outrage to her, representing Zeus' countless infidelities. 12—whose title is mistakenly derived from the number of years it took to create the film —is described by Variety as "equal parts L. A. love story, The Importance of Being Earnest, spoof on Greek gods and personal diary of actual events from 1988 to 1998." The director used more than 500,000 feet of film. Shot over the course of a decade, Bridges filmed 12 whenever the actors were available and "never imposed a deadline" on the project. Throughout the course of shooting, Bridges captured footage of natural disasters and major political events, including the 1994 Northridge earthquake, the Malibu fires, four lunar eclipses and two eclipses of the sun and the Rodney King riots, which were all included in the film.
Bridges explained, "My camera was always loaded and the batteries charged and it traveled with me in my car to and from work. When there was a disaster, I was always ready to document it."In a rare twist of fate, nearly all of the original actors cast participated in the entire shoot, despite some road blocks along the way. While on a separate commercial shoot in Minneapolis, Allen Lulu suffered a heart attack caused by Phen-Phen. Additionally, Golde Starger' was diagnosed with cancer in the middle of the shoot, thankfully, recovered. "There were divorces and there were babies born. I guess when you look at all the things that could have gone wrong and didn't, I'm a lucky man," Bridges told Indie Slate. Additionally, Bridges adopted a flexible mentality in regards to continuity; as the actors aged and evolved, the one factor that remained semi-constant was wardrobe. For example, who played Filmore, wore the same suite for 10 years. Dramatic hair and weight change was accounted for in the storyline.
The film was shot on 35 mm Kodak short ends using Arri Zeiss Superspeed prime lenses. The short ends were stock test samples from 1989-1999; the production used minimal on-set lighting opting for available light. The camera dolly used throughout the production of the film was a homemade dolly that Bridges converted from a baby stroller. 12 explores a variety of themes and attitudes that relate to a postmodern perspective on Greek mythology set within modern day Los Angeles. The idea of juxtaposition—Oscar Wilde / Greek mythology, mortals/immortals, grand scenery/run down Los Angeles streets is evidenced throughout; as Bridges himself states, "12 is a diary of L. A. a cinematic record of the natural and political convulsions gripping our town during the late-1980s and into the millennium."Bridges explained his rationale in making 12 to Shoot saying,"Being the filmmaker, I am defining myself as a radical independent. That's. It's anti-everything in Hollywood. Not because of Hollywood--this is what I would do under any circumstance.
I'm in love with the aesthetic and literary potential of film, that's what I wanted to express." More than its plot and themes, 12 is recognized for its unique—and before seen—style. Drawing inspiration from French New Wave films and improvisation techniques, Bridges' film is inconsistent in tone, which some believe occurred because of the large span of time in which it was produced. One journalist described 12 as "shifting capriciously between the near-profound and the pointlessly silly." The first half of the film has been considered nonlinear in regards to its narrative structure. None of the music in 12 was original score, yet the film incorporated over 100 different cues of music. More than 60 of those cues were classical in nature, incorporating Mozart, Beethoven and the like. Of note is the fact that 12 is the first film for which the composer John Adams has allowed his music to be used. Just as the film blurs the boundaries of life and art, so does its distribution. 12 is shown via guerrilla drive-ins, a movement the filmmaker created, which entails projecting the piece on walls of buildings throughout Los Angeles and instructing viewers to tune their car radios to a specified station.
Locations have included a Staples store on Sunset Boulevard, a parking lot behind the Los Angeles Police Department's Hollywood offices and a parking lot near a Sportmart in West Los Angeles, to name a few. Bridges said he created the guerrilla drive-in in an effort to "paint the artwork back on the subject of its inception -- projecting what you filmed back on to the wall at night."
Tunde King was a Nigerian musician credited as the founder of Jùjú music. He had a great influence on Nigerian popular music. Lagos in the 1920s and 1930s was peopled by a mixture of local Yoruba people and returnees from the New World. Together they created a form of music named "Palm Wine" that combined Yoruba folk music with musical idioms from countries such as Brazil and Cuba. Banjos, guitars and hand drums supported lilting songs about daily life. Jùjú music was a form of Palm Wine music that originated in the Olowogbowo area of Lagos in the 1920s, in a motor mechanic workshop where "area boys" used to gather to drink and make music. Tunde King was the leader of this group. Abdulrafiu Babatunde King was born in the Saro-dominated Olowogbowo area of Lagos Island on 24 August 1910, he was the son of a member of the minority Muslim Saro community. His father was a chief Native Court clerk at Ilaro, had lived for some time in Fourah Bay, Sierra Leone. Tunde King attended the Eko Boys High School.
A schoolmate taught him to play guitar, he became a leading member of a local group of "area boys" who hung out at a mechanic's shop on West Balogun Street. The group drank beer and sang, accompanied by improvised instruments. By 1929, King had a clerical job and was working part-time as a singer and guitarist with a trio including guitar and maracas changing to tambourine, guitar-banjo. and sekere. By the mid-1930s he enjoyed considerable success, with several recordings and radio broadcasts, but he still relied on live performances to earn a living at private functions. For example, King played at the wake of the prominent doctor Oguntola Sapara in June 1935. With the outbreak of World War II in 1939, Tunde King joined the Merchant Marines, he returned to Lagos in 1941 disappeared for the next eleven years. He was rediscovered playing in Francophone ports such as Conakry and Dakar, returned to Lagos in 1954, he died in the 1980s. The guitar-centered Jùjú musical style blends African elements such as the Yoruba talking drum with Western and Afro-Cuban influences.
Tunde King says that the name "Jùjú" itself originated when he bought a tambourine from a Salvation Army store, which he gave to his Samba drummer. The drummer developed a flamboyant style that included throwing the tambourine into the air and catching it, which the audience called Jù-jú, duplicating the Yoruba word for "throw" with tonal accent, his trio expanded into a quartet, with King on six-string guitar-banjo and vocals, Ishola Caxton Martins on sekere, Ahmeed Lamidi George on tambourine and Sanya Johnson on tomtom and supporting vocals. The members of the band created an moderately-paced ensemble sound that backed up the guitar and vocals with simple harmonic progressions. In the 1930s Nigeria was a British colony. A Nigerian could go so far, but no further, in the government or in business, regardless of ability or qualifications. Tunde King expressed popular feelings in his songs. In "Oba Oyinbo", he celebrated the ascension of King George VI of Britain, saying with quiet irony "We Have a father...
King George is our father... White man Cameron is our father..." In songs that were not recorded, he went further. The song "Soja Idunmota" describes a monument of a white soldier with a native carrier, whose head is hanging down, saying "Cruelly, they forget the common descent of man". In the song "Eti Joluwe" he said, better for Yorubas to work for themselves than for the government; the first mass recordings of Jùjú music were made by Parlophone of the EMI group, starting in 1936, released on 78rpm shellac discs. Tundu King released a number of these recordings including "Eko Akete" and the classic "Oba Oyinbo", he was paid only a small amount to record each release, earned a small amount from royalties. However, the recordings were essential in establishing his reputation. Other recordings include "Sapara ti sajule orun", "Dunia" and "Ojuola lojo agan". In all, he made over 30 records. Two of his recordings, "Oba Oyinbo" and "Dunia" were included on an anthology CD Juju Roots: 1930s-1950s, released by Rounder Records in January 1985.
Tunde King's music influenced his contemporaries players such as Akanbi Ege, Ayinde Bakare, Tunde Nightingale and Ojoge Daniel in the 1940s, players in the 1960s such as King Sunny Adé and Chief Commander Ebenezer Obey, who introduced electric guitars, 1970s stars such as General Prince Adekunle and continued to have great influence into the 1980s when stars such as Sir Shina Peters and Segun Adewale were playing modern forms of Jùjú
"I Feel Like a Bullet" is a song on British pop singer Elton John's 1975 album Rock of the Westies. The song's lyrics compare the shooting of Jesse James by James' outlaw-partner Robert Ford to Taupin's failed marriage to his first wife Maxine Feibelman, of "Tiny Dancer" fame; the song reached #14 on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 in February 1976 and #21 Easy Listening, but failed to chart in the singer's native United Kingdom. A live version, recorded in England in May 1977 with just Elton on piano and Ray Cooper on percussion, was released by MCA Records on the To Be Continued... boxed set. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Joseph Schmidt Confections was a San Francisco-based chocolatier, which created gourmet confections with imported Belgian chocolate. The line of confections included truffles of various sizes and mosaics. Joseph Schmidt confections ceased operations in 2009. Joseph Schmidt Confections was started in San Francisco during 1983. Joseph Schmidt, a European-trained baker, opened the store with his partner Audrey Ryan, a European-trained confectioner, together, they sold baked goods and chocolates. Joseph Schmidt's signature egg-shaped truffle was the company's trademark. In 1985, Joseph and Audrey brought in two partners to grow the business: Jeff Smith, a successful restaurateur and veteran of Nestle, Duane Papierniak, an engineer, they continued to run the company until 2005, growing the business both nationally and internationally. At different times, Joseph Schmidt products have been available in such department stores as Harrod's and Selfridges in the UK, David Jones Limited in Australia, Takashimaya in Tokyo, a variety of locations in Canada.
North America includes department stores such as Macy's, Saks Fifth Avenue, gourmet grocery stores such as Whole Foods, Trader Joe's and the Fresh Market, as well as other independent stores. The company had stores in San Jose. In November 2005, Joseph Schmidt Confections was purchased by Artisan Confections Company, a Hershey subsidiary, which had purchased Scharffen Berger Chocolate Maker, an artisanal chocolate manufacturer in nearby Berkeley, California. In November 2006 Artisan Confections purchased Dagoba, an Ashland, Oregon-based manufacturer of organic chocolate. Hershey's began to consolidate the production of Scharffen Berger products in an upgraded factory in Robinson, Illinois. In early 2009 Hershey's announced plans to eliminate the Joseph Schmidt brand. By July 2009 both the production facility and retail store on 16th Street in San Francisco closed, laying off 150 local employees. Joseph Schmidt Confections - website - 2007
Irish Life Assurance plc known as Irish Life, is an Irish life assurance and pensions company. Irish Life has been part of the Great-West Lifeco group of companies since 2013, when the Irish Government sold the business. Prior to 2012, Irish Life was part of Permanent TSB; the Irish Life assurance company was created in 1939 with state assistance and concentrated on life assurance and investment products. By 1936, as a result of the Great Depression, many life assurance companies were technically insolvent; the four which merged to form Irish Life were the City of Dublin Assurance. Some British companies shed their Irish operations and merged them into this new company; these were Prudential Assurance, Britannic Assurance, Liverpool Victoria, Pearl Assurance, Refuge Assurance Company. The 1939 company followed the procedures of its largest component; the intention was to form a new company and release its shares back on the market. However, other events in 1939 made shares in a life assurance company less attractive.
The shares were sold in July 1991. In 1965, Irish Life entered the UK market and competed against its former parent under its own name, it acquired The City of Westminster Assurance. Irish Life and The City of Westminster Assurance closed for new business in the UK in 1996. This'closed book' was sold to Chesnara for £47.5 million on 5 May 2005. The Prudential re-entered the Irish market under its own name sold their second Irish operation to the Insurance Corporation of Ireland. Allied Irish Banks took over Insurance Corporation of Ireland. Shortly afterwards, the general insurance company became insolvent; the Insurance Corporation of Ireland Life was the Life Assurance subsidiary of the Insurance Corporation of Ireland. The Government of Ireland wrote off the debts of Insurance Corporation of Ireland and sold the ICI Life arm as a profitable going concern to Prudential. Prudential Life operated in Ireland until its acquisition by Irish Permanent Building Society; the life office traded as Progressive Life.
In 1999, Irish Life Assurance plc and the Irish Permanent Building Society merged to form the Irish Life and Permanent Group, the operations of Progressive Life and Irish Life Assurance were merged. Though the government had to assist Allied Irish Banks following the debacle of Insurance Corporation of Ireland, they established another life assurance company, called'Ark Life'. Irish Life Assurance was never a state owned company. In 1939, the minister owned 18% of the shares in the company. In 1947, restructuring and purchase by Minister of Finance of shares held by British life assurance companies resulting in a government holding of 90.25%. In July 1991, these shares were released on the market. Irish Life Assurance was a founding member of Irish Permanent plc.. In March 2012, during the Irish financial crisis, the profitable Irish Life Group was purchased from Permanent TSB by the Irish State for 1.2 billion as part of the recapitalisation of Permanent TSB bank. This ended the association between Irish Life Assurance and PTSB.
In July 2013, Great-West Lifeco of Canada completed its purchase of Irish Life from the Irish State. In November 2016, Irish insurance and assurance businesses was acquired by Monument Re for an undisclosed sum. Alysh Doyle runs the Irish Life app. Subsidiaries of Irish Life include'Irish Progressive Services International Ltd', a solution provider working in the Life and Pensions industry. Founded in 1998, IPSI was part of the Irish Life and Permanent Group until the group was purchased by the Irish State in 2012, sold to Great-West Lifeco in 2013. IPSI are a Third Party Administrator and supported Software provider to European Life Assurance Companies. Irish Life Retail official website Irish Life Investment Managers official website Irish Life Corporate Business official website