Military ranks of Portugal

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The military ranks of Portugal form the system of hierarchical relationships in the Portuguese Armed Forces.

There are two basic systems of ranks. The first one is used in the Portuguese Army (Exército) and in the Portuguese Air Force (Força Aérea), consisting of traditional land military ranks. This system is also used in the National Republican Guard (GNR, Guarda Nacional Republicana), a gendarmerie force that can be put under the command of the Armed Forces in case of war. The second system is used by the Portuguese Navy (Marinha), consisting of traditional naval ranks.

In the Armed Forces of Portugal, the hierarchy of ranks divides them in three large categories: Officers (oficiais), Sergeants (sargentos) and Enlisted (praças). The officers category is, in turn, subdivided into three subcategories: General officers (oficiais generais), Senior officers (oficiais superiores) and Junior officers (oficiais subalternos).

The insignia of rank used in all branches of the Armed Forces is generally similar, despite some particular details existing in each branch.[1][2]

Navy[edit]

Officers[edit]

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Portugal
(Edit)
POR-Navy-OF10.svg POR-Navy-OF9.svg POR-Navy-OF8.svg POR-Navy-OF7.svg POR-Navy-OF6.svg POR-Navy-OF5.svg POR-Navy-OF4.svg POR-Navy-OF3.svg POR-Navy-OF2.svg POR-Navy-OF1b.svg POR-Navy-OF1a.svg POR-Navy-Aspirante-EN.png POR-Navy-OFD.svg None.svg
Almirante da Armada[note 1] Almirante Vice-almirante Contra-almirante Comodoro Capitão de Mar e Guerra Capitão de Fragata Capitão-tenente Primeiro-tenente Segundo-tenente Guarda-marinha and
Subtenente
Aspirante (Naval School) Aspirante (others) Cadete
Equivalent in English Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice Admiral Counter Admiral Commodore Captain of Sea and War Commander Lieutenant Commander First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Ensign Aspirant Officer Naval Cadet

Non-commissioned officers and enlisted ratings[edit]

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Portugal Portugal
(Edit)
POR-Navy-OR9.svg POR-Navy-OR8.svg POR-Navy-OR7.svg 8 - Primeiro-sargento (Marinha).svg 7 - Segundo-sargento (Marinha).svg 6 - Primerio-subsargento.svg 5 - Segundo-subsargento.svg 4 - Cabo.svg 3 - Primeiro-marinheiro.svg 2 - Segundo-marinheiro.svg No insignia
Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Primerio-subsargento Segundo-subsargento Cabo Primeiro-marinheiro Segundo-marinheiro Grumete
Ratings in English Warrant Officer Class 1 Warrant Officer Class 2 Master Chief Petty Officer Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty Officer 1st class Petty Officer 2nd class Master Seaman Able Seaman Seaman Seaman Apprentice

Army[edit]

Both the Portuguese Army and the National Republican Guard use the same rank system but the NRG has different ranks for enlisted personnel, NCOs and general officers.

Officers[edit]

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Portugal
(Edit)
Army-POR-OF-10.svg Army-POR-OF-09.svg Army-POR-OF-08.svg Army-POR-OF-07.svg Army-POR-OF-06.svg Army-POR-OF-05a.svg Army-POR-OF-05b.svg Army-POR-OF-04.svg Army-POR-OF-03.svg Army-POR-OF-02.svg Army-POR-OF-01a.svg Army-POR-OF-01b.svg Army-POR-OF-00a.svg Army-POR-OF-00b.svg
Marechal
Marshal
[3]
General
General
Tenente-general
Lieutenant-general
Major-general
Major-general
Brigadeiro-general
Brigadier-general
Coronel-tirocinado
Probationer colonel
Coronel
Colonel
Tenente-coronel
Lieutenant-colonel
Major
Major
Capitão
Captain
Tenente
Lieutenant
Alferes
Ensign
Aspirante-a-oficial
Officer candidate
Cadete
Officer cadet

Non-commissioned officers and enlisted[edit]

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Portugal Portugal
(Edit)
Army-POR-OR-09.svg Army-POR-OR-08.svg Army-POR-OR-07.svg Army-POR-OR-06.svg Army-POR-OR-05a.svg Army-POR-OR-05b.svg Army-POR-OR-05c.svg Army-POR-OR-04b.svg Army-POR-OR-03.svg Army-POR-OR-02.svg Army-POR-OR-01.svg
Sargento-mor
Sergeant-major
Sargento-chefe
Chief sergeant
Sargento-ajudante
Adjudant sergeant
Primeiro-sargento
First sergeant
Segundo-sargento
Second sergeant
Furriel
Lance sergeant
Segundo-furriel
Second lance sergeant
Cabo-adjunto
Master corporal
Primeiro-cabo
First corporal
Segundo-cabo
Second corporal
Soldado
Soldier

Air Force[edit]

Officers[edit]

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Portugal Portugal
(Edit)
Portugal-AirForce-OF-10.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-9.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-8.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-7.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-6.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-5.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-4.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-3.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-2.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-1a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-(D).svg Various
Marechal1 General Tenente General Major General Brigadeiro General Coronel Tenente Coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante-a-Oficial Cadete Aluno
Ranks in English Marshal of the Air Force General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Aspirant Officer cadet

Non-commissioned officers and enlisted[edit]

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Portugal Portugal
(Edit)
Smor tt.TIF Schefe t.PNG Saju t.PNG Portugal-AirForce-OR-6b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-6a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-5b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-5a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-4.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-3b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-3a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-2.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-1.svg
Sargento-Mor Sargento-Chefe Sargento-Ajudante Primeiro-Sargento Segundo-Sargento Furriel Segundo-Furriel Cabo-Adjunto Primeiro-Cabo Segundo-Cabo Soldado Soldado-Recruta
Ranks in English Command Chief Master Sergeant Chief Master Sergeant Senior Master Sergeant Master Sergeant Technical Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Senior Airman Airman First Class Airman Airman Basic

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Title; Honorary or posthumous rank; war time rank; ceremonial rank.

References[edit]