Captain lieutenant or captain-lieutenant is a military rank, used in a number of navies worldwide and in the British Army. It is equivalent to the Commonwealth or US naval rank of lieutenant, has the NATO rank code of OF-2, though this can vary; the same rank is used in the navies of Finland and Norway. The latest revision of the relevant NATO STANAG standardization agreement makes the longstanding courtesy practice of translating the rank into English as "lieutenant commander" for all German and Norwegian officers of that rank official; the Norwegian Navy goes a step further in ranking the kapteinløytnant as OF-3 when serving afloat, disregarding the Norwegian national tri-service ranking. In the Estonian Navy the sounding rank of kaptenleitnant is an officer rank classified as NATO OF-4, i.e. equal to commander in the Royal Navy and United States Navy. As the commander of the Estonian Navy is a captain, this is the de facto second highest rank in the Estonian Navy; the French Army of the Ancien Régime used a rank of capitaine-lieutenant similar to the British one.
It was encountered in the Royal Guard, where the king was captain of most of the guard companies, but the effective command was in the hands of a captain-lieutenant. D'Artagnan is the most famous captain-lieutenant in French history, as commander of the first mousquetaire company. Kapitänleutnant is an OF2 rank equivalent to the Hauptmann in the German Army and the German Air Force. See In the Royal Netherlands Navy, a kapitein-luitenant ter zee is equivalent to a US Navy or Royal Navy commander. In the Portuguese Navy, a capitão-tenente is the equivalent naval rank to a British or American lieutenant commander; the Brazilian Navy uses the rank of capitão-tenente, in the same manner as the Navy of Portugal, but in contrast to those of other South American countries. It is equivalent to the RN lieutenant. Kapitan-leytenant is a rank in the Russian Navy the Red Fleet/Soviet Navy and Imperial Russian Navy, it is the rank above a senior lieutenant. In Soviet times, it may be achieved as early as an officer's 5th year of service.
In Russian and other East-European navies it is the most senior junior officer rank. The Russian Navy assigns this rank the two-and-a-half stripe insignia used in Britain and the US for lieutenant commanders. On the other hand, the US Navy considers this rank equivalent to lieutenant. In terms of responsibilities, officers of this rank may serve as department heads on larger warships, but may serve as commanding officers of 3rd and 4th rank warships. Unlike the equivalent OF2-rank Kapitänleutnant in the German Navy, submarines are at least nominally not on the list of eligible positions. In the past, when the boats were smaller, captain-lieutenants were eligible for the submarine command. However, in current Soviet/Russian ship ranking no modern submarine is given 3rd rank; this reflects the high status of submarines, as all nuclear submarines are considered 1st rank and large and medium diesels 2nd rank, while smaller 3rd rank submarines aren't built. Rank insignia IRA, Soviet Navy, RF Navy The rank is used by the navies of several ex-Soviet republics and former Eastern bloc countries.
It is used in the navies of Latvia. These are equivalent to lieutenant. Captain-Lieutenant is a rank in the Ukrainian Navy; these are equivalent to lieutenant. The armed forces of Ukraine, formed during the collapse of the USSR, adopted the Soviet model of military ranks, as well as the Soviet marks of distinction. For the distinguishing marks, the captain-lieutenant had three tapes on the sleeve, chains of one lumen on which four small five-pointed stars were placed. On July 5, 2016, the President of Ukraine approves the "Uniform Design and Signs of the Distinction of the Armed Forces of Ukraine"; the draft includes, among other things, military ranks and distinguishing marks for military personnel. The marks of the distinction of servicemen are changing, departing from the Soviet standard. November 20, 2017 issued by the order of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine No. 606, which specifies the rules for wearing and using uniform weapons by military personnel. The distinguishing marks of the captain-lieutenant become three tapes.
The distinguishing marks are placed on the coats. Rank insignia UA Navy Captain-lieutenant was a rank in the British Army. A regiment's field officers - its colonel, lieutenant colonel, major - commanded their own companies, as well as carrying out their regimental command duties. However, from the 17th century onwards, the colonel became a patron and ceremonial head instead of an actual tactical commander, with command in the field devolving to the lieutenant colonel; this left the colonel's company without a captain. The lieutenant of this company thus became its acting captain; this state of affairs was formally recognised with the creation of the rank of captain-lieutenant, with its own entry in the table of prices for the purchase of commissions. In 1772 captain-lieutenants were granted rank in the Army; the rank was abolished sometime in the ea
Uzbekistan also the Republic of Uzbekistan, is a landlocked country in Central Asia. The sovereign state is a secular, unitary constitutional republic, comprising 12 provinces, one autonomous republic, a capital city. Uzbekistan is bordered by five landlocked countries: Kazakhstan to the north. Along with Liechtenstein, it is one of the world's only two doubly landlocked countries. What is now Uzbekistan was in ancient times part of the Iranian-speaking region of Transoxiana and Turan; the first recorded settlers were Eastern Iranian nomads, known as Scythians, who founded kingdoms in Khwarezm, Sogdia and Margiana. The area was incorporated into the Persian Empire and, after a period of Macedonian Greek rule, was ruled by the Persian Parthian Empire and by the Sasanian Empire, until the Muslim conquest of Persia in the 7th century; the Muslim conquest in the 7th century converted the majority of the population, including the local ruling classes, into adherents of Islam. During this period, cities such as Samarkand and Bukhara began to grow rich from the Silk Road.
The local Khwarezmian dynasty, Central Asia as a whole, were decimated by the Mongol invasion in the 13th century. After the Mongol Conquests, the area became dominated by Turkic peoples; the city of Shahrisabz was the birthplace of the Turco-Mongol warlord Timur known as one of Genghis Khan's grandchildren, who in the 14th century established the Timurid Empire and was proclaimed the Supreme Emir of Turan with his capital in Samarkand. The area was conquered by Uzbek Shaybanids in the 16th century, moving the centre of power from Samarkand to Bukhara; the region was split into three states: Khanate of Khiva, Khanate of Kokand, Emirate of Bukhara. It was incorporated into the Russian Empire during the 19th century, with Tashkent becoming the political center of Russian Turkestan. In 1924, after national delimitation, the constituent republic of the Soviet Union known as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic was created. Following the breakup of the Soviet Union, it declared independence as the Republic of Uzbekistan on 31 August 1991.
Uzbekistan has a diverse cultural heritage due to strategic location. Its first major official language is Uzbek, a Turkic language written in the Latin alphabet and spoken natively by 85% of the population. Russian has widespread use as a governmental language. Uzbeks constitute 81% of the population, followed by Russians, Tajiks and others. Muslims constitute 79% of the population while 5% of the population follow Russian Orthodox Christianity, 16% of the population follow other religions or are non-religious. A majority of Uzbeks are non-denominational Muslims. Uzbekistan is a member of the CIS, OSCE, UN, the SCO. While a democratic republic, by 2008 non-governmental human rights organizations defined Uzbekistan as "an authoritarian state with limited civil rights". Following the death of Islam Karimov in 2016, the second president, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, started a new course, described as a A Quiet Revolution and Revolution from Above, he stated he intended to abolish cotton slavery, systematic use of child labour, exit visas, to introduce a tax reform, create four new free economic zones, as well as amnestied some political prisoners.
The relations with neighboring countries of Tajikistan and Afghanistan drastically improved. However, the Amnesty International report on human rights in the country for 2017/2018 described continued repressive measures, including forced labour in cotton harvesting, restrictions on movements of'freed' prisoners; the Uzbek economy is in a gradual transition to the market economy, with foreign trade policy being based on import substitution. In September 2017, the country's currency became convertible in the market rates. Uzbekistan is a major exporter of cotton; the country operates the largest open-pit gold mine in the world. With the gigantic power-generation facilities of the Soviet era and an ample supply of natural gas, Uzbekistan has become the largest electricity producer in Central Asia. Renewable energy constitutes more than 23% of the country's energy sector, with hydroelectricity and solar energy having 21.4% and 2% respectively. Uzbekistan has an area of 447,400 square kilometres, it is the 56th largest country in the 42nd by population.
Among the CIS countries, it is the 2nd largest by population. Uzbekistan lies between latitudes 37° and 46° N, longitudes 56° and 74° E, it stretches 1,425 kilometres from west to east and 930 kilometres from north to south. Bordering Kazakhstan and the Aralkum Desert to the north and northwest and Afghanistan to the southwest, Tajikistan to the southeast, Kyrgyzstan to the northeast, Uzbekistan is one of the largest Central Asian states and the only Central Asian state to border all the other four. Uzbekistan shares a short border with Afghanistan to the south. Uzbekistan is a landlocked country, it is one of two doubly landlocked countries in the world (that is, a country completel
Lieutenant (junior grade)
Lieutenant abbreviated as LTJG or Lt. is a junior commissioned officer rank of the United States Navy, the United States Coast Guard, the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps. LTJG has a US military pay grade of O-2, a NATO rank code of OF-1a; the rank is used in the United States Maritime Service. The NOAA Corps's predecessors, the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps and the Environmental Science Services Administration Corps or ESSA Corps used the rank. Lieutenant, junior grade, ranks above ensign and below lieutenant and is equivalent to a first lieutenant in the other uniformed services and sub-lieutenant in the Royal Navy and the navies of many Commonwealth countries. Promotion to LTJG is governed by Department of Defense policies derived from the Defense Officer Personnel Management Act of 1980. DOPMA guidelines suggest all "fully qualified" ensigns should be promoted to LTJG; the time for promotion to LTJG is a minimum of two years after commissioning in the Navy or 18 months in the Coast Guard.
Lieutenants, junior grade lead petty officers and non-rated personnel, unless assigned to small aircraft or on staff duty. A LTJG's usual shipboard billet is as a division officer. Lieutenant, junior grade is referred to colloquially as JG. Prior to March 3, 1883, this rank was known in the U. S. Navy as master. Neil Armstrong, Korean War Naval Aviator and as an astronaut, Commander of Apollo 11 Paul Brown, exceptional High School and Pro level American Football Coach George H. W. Bush, World War II Naval Aviator and 41st President of the United States Albert David, only Atlantic Fleet sailor awarded the Medal of Honor in World War II Kirk Douglas, American actor Henry Fonda, American film and stage actor L. Ron Hubbard, science fiction writer and founder of scientology John F. Kennedy, commanding officer of motor torpedo boat PT-109 and 35th President of the United States Bob Kerrey, Navy SEAL Medal of Honor recipient and U. S. Senator Harvey Milk, gay rights activist and member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors Thomas R. Norris, Navy SEAL and Medal of Honor recipient David Robinson, U.
S. Naval Academy and National Basketball Association Hall of Fame player Potter Stewart, served in World War II as a member of the U. S. Naval Reserve aboard oil tankers, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court Malcolm Wilson, New York politician Douglas A. "Doug" Roberts in the 1960s TV series Mister Roberts John Wayne as "Rusty" in the 1945 film They Were Expendable H. Paynter Jr. in The Caine Mutiny Radar intercept officers Nick "Goose" Bradshaw, Ron "Slider" Kerner, Marcus "Sundown" Williams in the 1986 film Top Gun Attorneys Daniel Alistair Kaffee and Sam Weinberg in the 1992 film A Few Good Men Bright Noa in Mobile Suit Gundam Tim O'Neill and Lonnie Henderson in seaQuest DSV Nick Holden in the 1959 film Operation Petticoat Cathy Connors and Danny Romano in the 1961 film Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea Meg Austin and Bud Roberts in the 1990s TV series JAG Felix Gaeta in Battlestar Galactica Joseph Tormolen in the episode The Naked Time of Star Trek. Solid Snake was disguised as this U.
S. Navy SEAL. Tom Paris in Star Trek: Voyager Ezri Dax was promoted from Ensign to LTJG by Captain Benjamin Sisko in Star Trek: Deep Space 9 Fred Boynton in the 1994 film Barcelona Deborah Solomon in Purple Hearts Julian Mintz in Legend of the Galactic Heroes Fred-104 in Halo 5: Guardians Malcolm Blanke MD in C. S. Forester's short story "Dr Blanke's First Command". In the US Navy Reserve. LeRoy Carpentor in McHales Navy, Comparative military ranks U. S. Navy officer rank insignia
Captain 1st rank
This article is about the OF-5 rank Kapitan 1st rank in Russia and some other post-Soviet states. For the equivalent rank in Anglophone naval forces see Captain, it should not be mixed up to the Commodore regarded as a one-star rank with a NATO code of OF-6. Kapitan 1st rank is in the Navy of the Russian Federation the designation to the most senior rank in the staff officer´s career group; the rank is equivalent to Polkovnik in Air Force. The rank might be comparable to Captain in Anglophone/NATO naval forces; the rank was introduced in Russia by Peter the Great in 1713. By decision of the so-called military navy commission in 1732 the sequence of Kapitan ranks was abolished. However, until 1752 the grade rank; the Kapitan ranks were reintroduced September 5, 1751. The Red Army introduced the Kapitan 1st rank rank in 1935, together with a number of other former Russian ranks, it has been used in many ex-USSR countries, including Russia, to the present day; the first OF-5 equivalent rank in the Soviet Navy was Ship komandir 1st rank Ship commander 1st rank.
This particular rank was introduced by disposal of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union and the Council of People's Commissars, from September 22, 1935. Pertaining to Engineer aboard of war ships the equivalent rank designation in the Soviet Navy was Kapitan 1st rank-engineer. Any other naval personnel of OF-5 on-shore assignments have been entitled Polkovnik. In the navy of the Russian Federation there are three ranks in the staff officer´s career group, which means: Kapitan 1st rank Kapitan 2nd rank Kapitan 3rd rank Ranks and rank insignia of the Russian armed forces until 1917 Ranks and rank insignia of the Red Army 1918–1935... 1935–1940 and... 1940–1943 Ranks and rank insignia of the Soviet Army 1943–1955 and Ranks and rank insignia of the Soviet Army 1955–1991, Ranks and rank insignia of the Russian Federation´s armed forces 1994–2010 Naval ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation
Captain (armed forces)
The army rank of captain is a commissioned officer rank corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers. The rank is used by some air forces and marine forces. Today, a captain is either the commander or second-in-command of a company or artillery battery. In the Chinese People's Liberation Army, a captain may command a company, or be the second-in-command of a battalion. In NATO countries, the rank of captain is described by the code OF-2 and is one rank above an OF-1 and one below an OF-3; the rank of captain is considered to be the highest rank a soldier can achieve while remaining in the field. In some militaries, such as United States Army and Air Force and the British Army, captain is the entry-level rank for officer candidates possessing a professional degree, most medical professionals and lawyers. In the U. S.. Army, lawyers who are not officers at captain rank or above enter as lieutenants during training, are promoted to the rank of captain after completion of their training if they are in the active component, or after a certain amount of time one year from their date of commission as a lieutenant, for the reserve components.
The rank of captain should not be confused with the naval rank of captain or with the UK-influenced air force rank of group captain, both of which are equivalent to the army rank of colonel. The term goes back to Late Latin capitaneus meaning "chief, prominent"; the military rank of captain was in use from the 1560s, referring to an officer who commands a company. The naval sense, an officer who commands a man-of-war, is somewhat earlier, from the 1550s extended in meaning to "master or commander of any kind of vessel". A captain in the period prior to the professionalization of the armed services of European nations subsequent to the French Revolution, during the early modern period, was a nobleman who purchased the right to head a company from the previous holder of that right, he would in turn receive money from another nobleman to serve as his lieutenant. The funding to provide for the troops came from his government. If he was not, or was otherwise court-martialed, he would be dismissed, the monarch would receive money from another nobleman to command the company.
Otherwise, the only pension for the captain was selling the right to another nobleman when he was ready to retire. Many air forces, such as the United States Air Force, use a rank structure and insignia similar to those of the army. However, the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force, many other Commonwealth air forces and a few non-Commonwealth air forces use an air force-specific rank structure in which flight lieutenant is OF-2. A group captain was derived from the naval rank of captain. In the unified system of the Canadian Forces, the air force rank titles are pearl grey and increase from OF-1 to OF-5 in half strip increments. A variety of images illustrative of different forces' insignia for captain are shown below: Captain Captain Senior captain Staff captain