Menko known as Bettan or Patchin, is a Japanese card game played by two or more players. It is the name of the type of cards used to play this game; each player uses Menko cards made from thick paper or cardboard, printed on one or both sides with images from anime and other works. A player's card is placed on the hardwood or concrete floor and the other player throws down his card, trying to flip the other player's card with a gust of wind or by striking his card against the other card. If he succeeds, he takes both cards; the player who takes all the cards, or the one with the most cards at the game's end, wins the game. Menko has been popular since the Edo period, they were known as men'uchi and were made with putting clay in molds which were baked. Its quick and simple rules have made it popular among children of all age groups; because technique is just as important as power in this game, smaller children can compete with older players. The pictures on these cards reflect the popular culture of their time, Menko cards from the past reflect important information about their era.
In the Edo and early Meiji period, images like ninja and samurai were popular. Before World War II, the most popular images were of the military, like fighter planes and battleships. After the war, characters from anime and manga were popular, as well as baseball players. Collectors of Japanese baseball cards collect baseball menko. In the late 1980s to early 1990s, Menko cards were decorated with sparkles. Milk caps The Menko: From Youthful Battles to Diamond Glory
The island of Maui is the second-largest of the Hawaiian Islands at 727.2 square miles and is the 17th largest island in the United States. Maui is part of the State of Hawaii and is the largest of Maui County's four islands, which include Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, unpopulated Kahoʻolawe. In 2010, Maui had a population of 144,444, third-highest of the Hawaiian Islands, behind that of Oʻahu and Hawaiʻi Island. Kahului is the largest census-designated place on the island with a population of 26,337 as of 2010 and is the commercial and financial hub of the island. Wailuku is the seat of Maui County and is the third-largest CDP as of 2010. Other significant places include Kīhei, Makawao, Pukalani, Pāʻia, Kula, Haʻikū, Hāna. Native Hawaiian tradition gives the origin of the island's name in the legend of Hawaiʻiloa, the navigator credited with discovery of the Hawaiian Islands. According to it, Hawaiʻiloa named the island after his son, who in turn was named for the demigod Māui; the earlier name of Maui was ʻIhikapalaumaewa.
The Island of Maui is called the "Valley Isle" for the large isthmus separating its northwestern and southeastern volcanic masses. Maui's diverse landscapes are the result of a unique combination of geology and climate; each volcanic cone in the chain of the Hawaiian Islands is built of dark, iron-rich/quartz-poor rocks, which poured out of thousands of vents as fluid lava over a period of millions of years. Several of the volcanoes were close enough to each other that lava flows on their flanks overlapped one another, merging into a single island. Maui is such a "volcanic doublet," formed from two shield volcanoes that overlapped one another to form an isthmus between them; the older, western volcano has been eroded and is cut by numerous drainages, forming the peaks of the West Maui Mountains. Puʻu Kukui is the highest of the peaks at 5,788 feet; the larger, younger volcano to the east, Haleakalā, rises to more than 10,000 feet above sea level, measures 5 miles from seafloor to summit. The eastern flanks of both volcanoes are cut by incised valleys and steep-sided ravines that run downslope to the rocky, windswept shoreline.
The valley-like Isthmus of Maui that separates the two volcanic masses was formed by sandy erosional deposits. Maui's last eruption occurred around 1790. Although considered to be dormant by volcanologists, Haleakalā is capable of further eruptions. Maui is part of a much larger unit, Maui Nui, that includes the islands of Lānaʻi, Kahoʻolawe, Molokaʻi, the now submerged Penguin Bank. During periods of reduced sea level, including as as 20,000 years ago, they are joined together as a single island due to the shallowness of the channels between them; the climate of the Hawaiian Islands is characterized by a two-season year and uniform temperatures everywhere, marked geographic differences in rainfall, high relative humidity, extensive cloud formations, dominant trade-wind flow. Maui itself has a wide range of climatic conditions and weather patterns that are influenced by several different factors in the physical environment: Half of Maui is situated within 5 miles of the island's coastline. This, the extreme insularity of the Hawaiian Islands account for the strong marine influence on Maui's climate.
Gross weather patterns are determined by elevation and orientation towards the Trade winds. Maui's rugged, irregular topography produces marked variations in conditions. Air swept inland on the Trade winds is shunted one way or another by the mountains and vast open slopes; this complex three-dimensional flow of air results in striking variations in wind speed, cloud formation, rainfall. Maui displays a unique and diverse set of climatic conditions, each of, specific to a loosely defined sub-region of the island; these sub-regions are defined by major physiographic features and by location on the windward or leeward side of the island. Windward lowlands – Below 2,000 feet on north-to-northeast sides of an island. Perpendicular to direction of prevailing trade winds. Moderately rainy. Skies are cloudy to cloudy. Air temperatures are more uniform than those of other regions. Leeward lowlands – Daytime temperatures are a little higher and nighttime temperatures are lower than in windward locations. Dry weather is prevalent, with the exception of sporadic showers that drift over the mountains to windward and during short-duration storms.
Interior lowlands – Intermediate conditions sharing characteristics of other lowland sub-regions. Experience intense local afternoon showers from well-developed clouds that formed due to local daytime heating. Leeward side high-altitude mountain slopes with high rainfall – Extensive cloud cover and rainfall all year long. Mild temperatures are prevalent. Leeward side lower mountain slopes – Rainfall is higher than on the adjacent leeward lowlands, but much less than at similar altitudes on the windward side.
The Deseret News is a newspaper published in Salt Lake City, United States. It is Utah's oldest continuously published daily newspaper and has the largest Sunday circulation in the state and the second largest daily circulation behind The Salt Lake Tribune; the News is owned by Deseret News Publishing Company, a subsidiary of Deseret Management Corporation, a holding company owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The paper's name is derived from the word for "honeybee" in the Book of Mormon; the newspaper is printed by the Newspaper Agency Corporation, which it co-owns with The Salt Lake Tribune under a joint operating agreement. In 2006, combined circulation of the two papers was 151,422; the Deseret News publishes a weekly compact-sized insert, the Church News, the Mormon Times insert, both of which are included in the newspaper. The Church News includes news of the LDS Church and has been published since 1931, while the Mormon Times is about "the people and culture associated with the church".
Since 1974 the Deseret News has published the Church Almanac, an annual edition carrying LDS Church facts and statistics edited by Church News staff. The editorial tone of the Deseret News is described as moderate to conservative, is assumed to reflect the values of its owner, the LDS Church. For example, the newspaper does not accept advertising. On March 31, 1847, while at Winter Quarters, the LDS Church's Quorum of the Twelve Apostles authorized William W. Phelps to "go east and procure a printing press" to be taken to the future Mormon settlement in the Great Basin. Phelps left Winter Quarters sometime in May, went to Boston by way of the former Mormon settlement of Nauvoo, Illinois. In Boston, with the help of William I. Appleby, the president of the Church's Eastern States Mission, Church member Alexander Badlam, Phelps was able to procure a wrought iron Ramage hand-press and other required equipment, he returned to Winter Quarters on November 1847, with the press. Due to its size and weight, the press and equipment would not be taken to Salt Lake City until 1849.
By that time many of the Mormon pioneers had left Winter Quarters and the press was moved across the Missouri River to another temporary Mormon settlement, Iowa. In April 1849 the press and other church property was loaded onto ox drawn wagons, traveled with the Howard Egan Company along the Mormon Trail; the wagon company, with the press, arrived in the Salt Lake Valley August 7, 1849. The press was moved into a small adobe building that served as a coin mint for the settlers; the press was at first used to print the necessary documents used in setting up the provisional State of Deseret. The first issue of the Deseret News was published June 15, 1850, was 8 pages long; this first issue included the paper's prospectus, written by the editor Willard Richards, along with news from the United States Congress, a report on the San Francisco 1849 Christmas Eve fire. Because it was meant to be the voice of the State of Deseret, it was called the Deseret News, its motto was "Truth and Liberty." It was at first a weekly Saturday publication, published in "pamphlet form" in hopes that readers would have the papers bound into volumes.
Subscription rate was $2.50 for six months. A jobs press called the Deseret News Press, was set up so the News could print books, handbills, etc. for paying customers and other publishers. From the beginning paper shortages were a problem for the News staff. Starting with the October 19, 1850 issue—only four months after publication began—the paper had to be changed to a bi-weekly publication. So, many times in the 1850s there were several periods when the News could not be published for lack of paper. Thomas Howard, a Mormon immigrant from England, a paper-maker, approached Brigham Young about using some machinery—originally meant for producing sugar—to make their own paper; the publishers asked everyone to donate old cloth to the venture. In the summer of 1854 the first issues of the News were published on "homemade paper", thick, grayish in color.<Even with paper shortages a News extra would be published, if there were important news or a sermon that could not wait for the regular publication date.
During a turbulent time period known as the Utah War, the News presses and equipment were moved to the central and southern parts of the state. As armed forces of the United States camped just outside the state at Fort Bridger, George Q. Cannon was assigned to take some presses and equipment to Fillmore while Henry McEwan was to take the remainder to Parowan. On May 5, 1858 the first issue of the News with Fillmore City as the publication place appeared; that fall the presses were brought back to Salt Lake City and placed in the Council House, allowing the News to begin normal operations. The soldiers who had marched to Utah during the war would remain at the newly constructed Camp Floyd, their need for a newspaper, one not published by the LDS Church, was satisfied with Kirk Anderson's Valley Tan, the area's second newspaper. During the 1850s through 1860s, numer
Slammer Whammers were a brand of pogs made by the Los Angeles-based company Imperial Toy Corporation, in the 1990s. They were one of the leading brands of pogs during the milk cap craze that swept Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom in 1994–5; the standard Slammer Whammers product was a blister pack containing 2 slammers. Imperial Toy Corp. released various sets of milkcaps under the Slammer Whammers name, for example Biker Bugs, Wise Guys, Skull Squad and Wild Things. There were 288 slammer whammers; this 288 set comprised 12 individual sets of 24 caps to collect. There were sets of 24 caps that were not part of the 288 big set. In 2006, Funrise Toy Corporation relaunched their brand of pogs, so Imperial Toy Corp. decided to revive "Slammer Whammers". The motive behind this move was that if pogs became popular again like in 1994, Imperial Toy Corp. would be ready with their product in the marketplace. Imperial Toy Corporation Images of the 288 set of Slammer Whammers
Running Man (TV series)
Running Man is a South Korean variety show, forming part of SBS's Good Sunday lineup. It first aired on July 11, 2010. Running Man was classified as an "urban action variety"; the MCs and guests were to complete missions at a landmark to win the race. The show has since shifted to a more familiar reality-variety show concept focused on games, it has garnered attention as being the comeback program for Yoo Jae-suk, the main MC of the program, after leaving Good Sunday's Family Outing in February 2010. The show has become popular in other parts of Asia, has gained online popularity among Hallyu fans, having been fansubbed into various languages, such as English, Spanish, French, Thai, Chinese, Indonesian, Arabic and Turkish; the show has made it to the list of Business Insider's 20 TV Shows of 2016. Since April 2017, Running Man is airing as the first part of Good Sunday at 4:50 pm KST and competing against KBS2's The Return of Superman and MBC's King of Mask Singer. Running Man aired at 6:25 pm KST on Sundays, as the second part of Good Sunday, competing against KBS2's 1 Night 2 Days.
As of episode 48, the members have taken part in a series of missions to become the winner at the end of the race. Missions form the basis of Running Man as members try to avoid punishment in earlier episodes or to win prizes. Multiple missions are presented in each episode, with the highlight of Running Man being race missions; the format of the show has veered away from the "race mission + others" to "one continuous race + missions". It's fun to see the members struggling to avoid penalties; the staff run the games showing up on cameras either by participating in the game or influencing the outcome of various missions. This includes the personal cameramen, production directors, floor directors, boom operators, etc. Chief producer, Nam Seung-yong, is responsible for the production of the program, with PD Jo Hyo-jin, Im Hyung-taek, Kim Joo-hyung responsible for the directing and production of the recordings of the program since inception. Other PDs have joined the program to assist as the program shifts from a single landmark to multiple locations for recording, notably Hwang Seon-man and Lee Hwan-jin.
FD Go Dong-wan assists in the recordings of the program and is known to be shown on camera many times, as well as delivering and assisting the members in missions. Producer Kim Joo-hyung has left the show as of episode 182; each member has their own personal cameramen who follow them around during recordings. Notable cameramen include Ryu Kwon-ryeol, Kim Yoo-seok, Choi Yoon-sang, Yoon Sung-yong, Sung Gyu, Jo Seong-Oh, Kim Ki-jin, Kim Si-yeon On November 19, 2014, the show's head director, Jo Hyo-jin, announced his departure from the show after working with the members for four years. On March 20, 2016, the show's main PD, Im Hyung-taek left the show as he became the producer of Hurry Up, resulting in new generation PDs to take over, notably PD Lee Hwan-jin, PD Jung Chul-min, PD Park Yong-woo. FD Go Dong-wan announced his leave via his Instagram. On July 3, 2016, SBS confirmed the return of producer Kim Joo-hyung to the show; that same month, it is confirmed. However, it didn't last long as PD Kim Joo-hyung announced that he is leaving the show shortly after.
Subsequently, PD Lee Hwan-jin has taken over as the main PD of Running Man until March 2017. As of April 2017, Running Man main PD is Jung Chul-min. In July 2018, PD Jung Chul-min took a break and PD Lee Hwan-jin would temporarily take over as main PD of the show. During its run, some of the guests were featured or invited to the show; these guests were notable for their constant appearances and were considered to be the "8th/9th/10th Running Man". The following list is the list of the guests who appeared the most as of 28 February 2019. Many guests have taken part in Running Man; the following is a compilation of the number of times they have been on the show. With regards to guest-turned-members or former members of the show, only the times they were a guest are counted; the guests were sorted according to their appearances and the number of episodes appeared. The first episode of the show received mixed reviews. According to Asiae the show concept was promising but the crew could not use the location to full potential and the pace was not fast and dynamic enough.
Despite a slow start, Running Man became popular in South Korea and throughout Asia. In its home country the show is watched by 2.1 million people on average. Due to the existence of fansubs, it is watched outside of Asia as well, being translated into English and Arabic, among others. According to The Straits Times, the popularity of the show is due to its unpredictability, the comedy involved, the celebrity guests and the chemistry between the regular cast members. Assistant professor Liew Kai Khiun at the Nanyang Technological University attributes the appeal of Running Man to the ability of using public space in a creative way: "Running Man is about taking audiences to the various corners of not only South Korea, but the region as well. In the rather fast-paced urban societies in Asia, the show helps to provide release from the daily tensions that such streets and buildings are associated with." Liew thinks tha
Oʻahu, known as "The Gathering Place", is the third-largest of the Hawaiian Islands. It is home to one million people—about two-thirds of the population of the U. S. state of Hawaiʻi. The state capital, Honolulu, is on Oʻahu's southeast coast. Including small associated islands such as Ford Island and the islands in Kāneʻohe Bay and off the eastern coast, its area is 596.7 square miles, making it the 20th-largest island in the United States. Oʻahu is 44 miles long and 30 miles across, its shoreline is 227 miles long. The island is composed of two separate shield volcanoes: the Waiʻanae and Koʻolau Ranges, with a broad "valley" or saddle between them; the highest point is Kaʻala in the Waiʻanae Range, rising to 4,003 feet above sea level. The island was home to 953,207 people in 2010. Oʻahu has for a long time been known as the "Gathering Place"; the term Oʻahu has no confirmed meaning in Hawaiian, other than that of the place itself. Ancient Hawaiian tradition attributes the name's origin in the legend of Hawaiʻiloa, the Polynesian navigator credited with discovery of the Hawaiian Islands.
The story relates. Residents of Oʻahu refer to themselves as no matter their ancestry; the city of Honolulu—largest city, state capital, main deepwater marine port for the State of Hawaiʻi—is located here. As a jurisdictional unit, the entire island of Oʻahu is in the Honolulu County, although as a place name, Honolulu occupies only a portion of the southeast end of the island. Well-known features found on Oʻahu include Waikīkī, Pearl Harbor, Diamond Head, Hanauma Bay, Kāneʻohe Bay, Kailua Bay, North Shore. While the entire island is the City and County of Honolulu, locals identify settlements using town names (generally those of the Census Designated Places, consider the island to be divided into various areas, which may overlap; the most accepted areas are the "City", "Town" or "Town side", the urbanized area from Halawa to the area below Diamond Head, "West Oʻahu," which goes from Pearl Harbor to Kapolei, ʻEwa and may include the Mākaha and Waiʻanae areas. These terms are somewhat flexible, depending on the area in which the user lives, are used in a general way, but residents of each area identify with their part of the island those outside of widely-known towns.
For instance, if locals are asked where they live, they would reply "Windward Oʻahu" rather than "Lāʻie". Being diamond-shaped, surrounded by ocean and divided by mountain ranges, directions on Oʻahu are not described with the compass directions found throughout the world. Locals instead use directions using Honolulu as the central point. To go ʻewa means traveling toward the western tip of the island, "Diamond Head" is toward the eastern tip, mauka is inland and makai toward the sea; when these directions became common, Diamond Head was the eastern edge of the primary populated area. Today, with a much larger populace and extensive development, the mountain itself is not to the east when directions are given, is not to be used as a literal point of reference—to go "Diamond Head" is to go to the east from anywhere on the island. Oʻahu is known for having the longest rain shower in history, which lasted for 200 consecutive days. Kāneʻohe Ranch, Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi reported 247 straight days with rain from August 27, 1993 to April 30, 1994.
The island has many nicknames one of them being "rainbow state." This is. The average temperature in Oʻahu is around 70–85 °F and the island is the warmest in June through October; the weather during the winter is cooler, but still warm with an average temperature of 68–78 °F. The windward side is known for some of the most beautiful beaches in the world. Lanikai Beach on the windward coast of Oʻahu has been ranked among the best beaches in the world; the island has been inhabited since at least 3rd century A. D; the 304-year-old Kingdom of Oʻahu was once ruled by the most ancient aliʻi in all of the Hawaiian Islands. The first great king of Oʻahu was Maʻilikūkahi, the lawmaker, followed by many generation of monarchs. Kualiʻi was the first of the warlike kings. In 1773, the throne fell upon the son of Elani of Ewa. In 1783, Kahekili II, King of Maui, conquered Oʻahu and deposed the reigning family and made his son, Kalanikūpule, king of Oʻahu. Kamehameha the Great would conquer in the mountain Kalanikūpule's force in the Battle of Nuʻuanu.
Kamehameha founded the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi with the conquest of Oʻahu in 1795. Hawaiʻi would not be unified until the islands of Kauaʻi and Niʻihau surrendered under King Kaumualiʻi in 1810. Kamehameha III moved his capital from Lāhainā, Maui to Honolulu, Oʻahu in 1845. ʻIolani Palace, built by other members of the royal family, is still standing, is the only royal palace on American soil. Oʻahu was apparent
A staple is a type of two-pronged fastener metal, used for joining or binding materials together. Large staples might be used with a hammer or staple gun for masonry, corrugated boxes and other heavy-duty uses. Smaller staples are used with a stapler to attach pieces of paper together; the word "staple" originated in the late thirteenth Century, from Old English stapol, meaning "post, pillar". The word's first usage in the paper-fastening sense is attested from 1895. Most kinds of staples are easier to produce than screws; the crown of the staple can be used to bridge materials butted together. The crown can bridge a piece and fasten it without puncturing with a leg on either side, e.g. fastening electrical cables to wood framing. The crown provides greater surface area than other comparable fasteners; this is more helpful with thinner materials. Construction staples are larger, have a more varied use, are delivered by a staple gun or hammer tacker. Staple guns do not have backing anvils and are used for tacking.
They have staples made from thicker metal. Some staple guns use arched staples for fastening small cables, e.g. phone or cable TV, without damaging the cable. Devices known as hammer tackers or staple hammers operate without complex mechanics as a simple head loaded with a strip of staples drives them directly. Powered electric staplers or pneumatic staplers drive staples and accurately. Cordless electric staplers use a battery rechargeable and sometimes replaceable; the term "stapling" is used for both fastening sheets of paper together with bent legs or fastening sheets of paper to something solid with straight legs. Modern staples for paper staplers are made from zinc-plated steel wires glued together and bent to form a long strip of staples. Staple strips are available as "full strips" with 210 staples per strip. Both copper plated and more expensive stainless steel staples which do not rust are available, but uncommon; some staple sizes are used more than others, depending on the application required.
Some companies have unique staples just for their products. Staples from one manufacturer may or may not fit another manufacturers unit if they look similar and serve the same purpose. Staples are described as X/Y, where the first number X is the gauge of the wire, the second number Y is the length of the shank in millimeters; some exceptions to this rule include staple sizes like No. 10. Common sizes for the home and office include: 26/6, 24/6, 24/8, 13/6, 13/8 and No. 10 for mini staplers. Common sizes for heavy duty staplers include: 23/8, 23/12, 23/15, 23/20, 23/24, 13/10, 13/14. Stapleless staplers bend paper without using metal fasteners. There are few standards for staple size and thickness; this has led to many different incompatible staples and staplers systems, all serving the same purpose or applications. 24/6 staples are described by the German DIN 7405 standard. In the United States, the specifications for non-medical industrial staples are described in ASTM F1667-15, Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails and Staples.
A heavy duty office staple might be designated as F1667 STFCC-04: ST indicates staple, FC indicates flat top crown, C indicates cohered, 04 is the dash number for a staple with a length of 0.250 inch, a leg thickness of 0.020 inch, a leg width of 0.030 inch, a crown width of 0.500 inch. The most common staples are used with paper, they are exclusively applied with a mechanical stapler which clinches the legs after they pass through the paper. Staples of this type are used with a desktop stapling machine; when stapling with a stapler the papers to be fastened are placed between the main body and the anvil. The papers are pinched between the body and the anvil a drive blade pushes on the crown of the staple on the end of the staple strip; the staple breaks from the end of the strip and the legs of the staple are forced through the paper. As the legs hit the grooves in the anvil they are bent to hold the pages together. Many staplers have an anvil in the form of a "pinning" or "stapling" switch; this allows a choice between bending out.
The outward bent staples are easier to remove and are for temporary fastening or "pinning". Most staplers are capable of stapling without the anvil to drive straight leg staples for tacking. There are various types of staples for paper, including heavy-duty staples, designed for use on documents 20, 50, or over 100 pages thick. There are speedpoint staples, which have sharper teeth so they can go through paper more easily. Staples are considered to be a neat and efficient method of binding paperwork such as letters and documents in all areas of office business; this is predominantly because of the low cost and high availability of the staple, because its small size does not detract from the content of the document. The large staples found on corrugated cardboard boxes have folded legs, but they are applied from the outside and do not use an anvil. Saddle stitch staplers known as "booklet staplers," feature a longer reach from the pivot point than general-pu