Uncut magazine, trademarked as UNCUT, is a monthly publication based in London. It is available across the English-speaking world, focuses on music, but includes film and books sections. A DVD magazine under the Uncut brand was published quarterly from 2005 to 2006. Uncut was launched in May 1997 as "a monthly magazine aimed at 25- to 45-year-old men that focuses on music and movies", edited by Allan Jones. Jones has stated that "he idea for Uncut came from my own disenchantment about what I was doing with Melody Maker. There was a publishing initiative to make the audience younger. According to IPC Media, 86% of the magazine's readers are male and their average age is 37 years. Uncut's contents include lengthy features on old albums, interviews with film directors and film news, reviews of all major new album, film and DVD releases, its music features tend to focus on genres such as Americana and alternative country. Each month the magazine includes a free CD. Special Issues have covered U2, Bob Dylan, Bruce Springsteen, The Byrds, David Bowie, Demon Records, Eric Clapton, John Lennon, Pink Floyd, Martin Scorsese, Motown Records, George Harrison, Jimmy Page, Led Zeppelin, The Beach Boys, Paul McCartney, Neil Young, The Beatles, Elvis Costello, The Kinks, Fleetwood Mac and more.
Uncut underwent a radical redesign in May 2006, as a result of which the magazine no longer catered for books and reduced its film content. Allan Jones writes a regular monthly column, recounting stories from his long career in music journalism. Uncut's monthly circulation has dropped from over 90,000 in 2007 to 47,890 in the second half of 2015. Uncut produces themed spin-off titles celebrating the career of one artist; this series has been known as Uncut Legends. Artists who have so far had magazines devoted to them include Radiohead, Kurt Cobain, U2, Bruce Springsteen, Tom Waits and John Lennon; the Lennon magazine was produced to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the death of the former Beatle. The majority of these titles have been produced by magazine editor Chris Hunt; the series started in 2003 with an inaugural issue devoted to Bob Dylan, edited by Nigel Williamson. In 2008 Uncut launched their inaugural Uncut Music Award, described as "a quest to find the most inspiring and rewarding musical experience of the past 12 months."
A list of 25 nominees is selected by a panel of 10 judges, who are all musicians or music industry professionals, they come together to decide a winner. Past winners have included Fleet Foxes, Paul Weller and P. J. Harvey. In late 2005, Allan Jones and publishing director Andrew Sumner launched a spin-off of the main movies and music magazine, that focused its attention on DVD releases of classic movies. Billed as "the only great movie magazine," Uncut DVD was designed to compete with such established titles as Ultimate DVD, DVD Review and DVD Monthly. Despite strong reviews in the UK trade press, Uncut DVD folded after three quarterly issues
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity. The group reports a worldwide membership of 8.58 million adherents involved in evangelism and an annual Memorial attendance of over 20 million. Jehovah's Witnesses are directed by the Governing Body of Jehovah's Witnesses, a group of elders in Warwick, New York, which establishes all doctrines based on its interpretations of the Bible, they believe that the destruction of the present world system at Armageddon is imminent, that the establishment of God's kingdom over the earth is the only solution for all problems faced by humanity. The group emerged from the Bible Student movement founded in the late 1870s by Charles Taze Russell, who co-founded Zion's Watch Tower Tract Society in 1881 to organize and print the movement's publications. A leadership dispute after Russell's death resulted in several groups breaking away, with Joseph Franklin Rutherford retaining control of the Watch Tower Society and its properties.
Rutherford made significant organizational and doctrinal changes, including adoption of the name Jehovah's witnesses in 1931 to distinguish them from other Bible Student groups and symbolize a break with the legacy of Russell's traditions. Jehovah's Witnesses are best known for their door-to-door preaching, distributing literature such as The Watchtower and Awake!, refusing military service and blood transfusions. They consider the use of God's name vital for proper worship, they reject Trinitarianism, inherent immortality of the soul, hellfire, which they consider to be unscriptural doctrines. They do not observe Christmas, birthdays or other holidays and customs they consider to have pagan origins incompatible with Christianity, they prefer to use their own Bible translation, the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, although their literature quotes and cites other Bible translations. Adherents refer to their body of beliefs as "The Truth" and consider themselves to be "in the Truth".
They consider secular society to be morally corrupt and under the influence of Satan, most limit their social interaction with non-Witnesses. Congregational disciplinary actions include disfellowshipping, their term for formal expulsion and shunning. Baptized individuals who formally leave are considered disassociated and are shunned. Disfellowshipped and disassociated individuals may be reinstated if deemed repentant; the group's position regarding conscientious objection to military service and refusal to salute national flags has brought it into conflict with some governments. Some Jehovah's Witnesses have been persecuted and their activities are banned or restricted in some countries. Persistent legal challenges by Jehovah's Witnesses have influenced legislation related to civil rights in several countries; the organization has received criticism regarding biblical translation and alleged coercion of its members. The Watch Tower Society has made various unfulfilled predictions about major biblical events such as Christ's Second Coming, the advent of God's Kingdom, Armageddon.
Their policies for handling cases of child sexual abuse have been the subject of various formal inquiries. In 1870, Charles Taze Russell and others formed a group in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to study the Bible. During the course of his ministry, Russell disputed many beliefs of mainstream Christianity including immortality of the soul, predestination, the fleshly return of Jesus Christ, the Trinity, the burning up of the world. In 1876, Russell met Nelson H. Barbour; the book taught that God's dealings with humanity were divided dispensationally, each ending with a "harvest," that Christ had returned as an invisible spirit being in 1874 inaugurating the "harvest of the Gospel age," and that 1914 would mark the end of a 2520-year period called "the Gentile Times," at which time world society would be replaced by the full establishment of God's kingdom on earth. Beginning in 1878 Russell and Barbour jointly edited Herald of the Morning. In June 1879 the two split over doctrinal differences, in July, Russell began publishing the magazine Zion's Watch Tower and Herald of Christ's Presence, stating that its purpose was to demonstrate that the world was in "the last days," and that a new age of earthly and human restitution under the reign of Christ was imminent.
From 1879, Watch Tower supporters gathered as autonomous congregations to study the Bible topically. Thirty congregations were founded, during 1879 and 1880, Russell visited each to provide the format he recommended for conducting meetings. In 1881, Zion's Watch Tower Tract Society was presided over by William Henry Conley, in 1884, Russell incorporated the society as a non-profit business to distribute tracts and Bibles. By about 1900, Russell had organized thousands of part- and full-time colporteurs, was appointing foreign missionaries and establishing branch offices. By the 1910s, Russell's organization maintained nearly a hundred traveling preachers. Russell engaged in significant global publishing efforts during his ministry, by 1912, he was the most distributed Christian author in the United States. Russell moved the Watch Tower Society's headquarters to Brooklyn, New York, in 1909, combining printing and corporate offices with a house of worship, he identified the religious movement as "Bible Students," and more formally as the International Bible Students Association.
By 1910, about 50,000 people worldwide were associated with the movement and congregations r
Alternative Press (magazine)
Alternative Press is an American music magazine based in Cleveland, Ohio. It provides readers with band interviews, information on upcoming releases, music charts, it was founded in 1985 by Mike Shea, the president. Joe Scarpelli is the general manager. Jason Pettigrew is editor in chief; the first issue of Alternative Press was a photocopied punk rock fanzine, distributed at concerts in Cleveland, Ohio beginning in June 1985 by AP's founder, Mike Shea. He disliked the music, being broadcast on radio stations and believed that bands playing underground music should be given more media coverage "all in the same spot", he said; the name for the magazine, Alternative Press, was not a reference to the alternative rock genre, but referred to the fanzine being an alternative to the local press that wasn't covering the music that Shea felt deserved to be heard. He said, "It has always been about covering music for the misfits". Shea began working on his first issue in his mother's house in Ohio. Shea and a friend, Jimmy Kosicki, targeted the Cleveland neighborhood of Coventry.
"I offset print. I'd walk into these flower shops and Hallmark shops, I'd say'We're going to put out an entertainment publication, it's going to be for kids and only $25.' And they'd look at my high school newspaper and say,'It's professional...' That's how we got enough money to make the first issue". Financial problems plagued AP in its early years. Of the fledgling magazine's struggles in 1986, Shea said: "After the last few punk concerts we promoted that year failed to make any money to help finance the magazine, I had to start begging my mom for money to keep AP going: $1,500 here, $2,500 there. My mom was super-supportive of the whole endeavor, she seemed to enjoy having a bunch of punkers over at all hours of the night putting together issues on her dining-room table and getting spray mount all over her nice tablecloths and on the carpeting, which resulted in our socks getting pulled off as we walked over it". However, by the end of 1986, publication had ceased due to its financial problems, not resuming until the spring of 1988.
With the growth of alternative rock in the early 1990s, circulation began to increase. AP's covers included bands such as Red Hot Chili Peppers and Soundgarden, prior to each band's mainstream success. By 1994, the magazine was doing cover stories on Henry Rollins and Love and Rockets. Norman Wonderly, now the publisher, was credited by Shea as having "made most of these happen and the more Norman got what he wanted, the more artists wanted their cover shoots to look the way Norman wanted, so on, it wasn’t always easy. Did we sometimes protest too much? Maybe, but we were up against a lot. Nobody takes you unless you take yourself and that's what Norman brings to his position to this day". By the early 2000s, after resisting attempts to purchase the magazine, Shea shifted the focus of Alternative Press to the newer punk music associated with the Warped Tour; when asked the magazine's audience, Shea said, "It went from heartfelt emo, to screamo, to post-hardcore, to metalcore… but, there will always be a suburban kid full of angst.
They will always want music". At the time of its 20th anniversary in 2005, AP had grown to an average size of 112 pages per issue averaging between 198 and 220-plus pages a month; the magazine's current monthly columns include "The AP Poll", "In the Studio", "AP&R", "Chalkboard Confessional", "Musician of the Month", "My Favorite Gear", "Next Exit", "Gig Bag", "1000 Words", "Beauty and the Band" and "10 Essential." AP sponsored a radio show aired on XM Radio, a podcast featuring in-depth discussions on various topics with people such as Fall Out Boy's Pete Wentz and Kevin Lyman, a compilation CD, has been a major sponsor of tours including Warped Tour, Taste of Chaos and its own "The AP Tour." Official website The AP Tour
Joseph Franklin Rutherford
Joseph Franklin Rutherford known as Judge Rutherford, was the second president of the incorporated Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania. He played a primary role in the organization and doctrinal development of Jehovah's Witnesses, which emerged from the Bible Student movement established by Charles Taze Russell. Rutherford began a career in law, working as trial lawyer and prosecutor, he became a special judge in the 14th Judicial District of Missouri at some time after 1895. He developed an interest in the doctrines of Watch Tower Society president Charles Taze Russell, which led to his joining the Bible Student movement, he was baptized in 1906, he was appointed the legal counsel for the Watch Tower Society in 1907, as well as a traveling representative prior to his election as president in 1917. His early presidency was marked by a dispute with the Society's board of directors, in which four of its seven members accused him of autocratic behavior and sought to reduce his powers.
The resulting leadership crisis divided the Bible Student community and contributed to the loss of one-seventh of adherents by 1919 and thousands more by 1931. Rutherford and seven other Watch Tower executives were imprisoned in 1918 after charges were laid over the publication of The Finished Mystery, a book deemed seditious for its opposition to World War I. Rutherford introduced many organizational and doctrinal changes that helped shape the current beliefs and practices of Jehovah's Witnesses, he imposed a centralized administrative structure on the worldwide Bible Student movement, which he called a theocracy, requiring all adherents to distribute literature via door to door preaching and to provide regular reports of their preaching activity. He instituted training programs for public speaking as part of their weekly meetings for worship, he established 1914 as the date of Christ's invisible return, asserted that Christ died on a tree rather than a cross, formulated the current Witness concept of Armageddon as God's war on the wicked, reinforced the belief that the start of Christ's millennial reign was imminent.
He condemned the observance of traditional celebrations such as Christmas and birthdays, the saluting of national flags and the singing of national anthems. He introduced the name "Jehovah's witnesses" in 1931 and the term "Kingdom Hall" for houses of worship in 1935, he wrote twenty-one books and was credited by the Society in 1942 with the distribution of 400 million books and booklets. Despite significant decreases during the 1920s, overall membership increased more than sixfold by the end of Rutherford's 25 years as president. Rutherford was born on November 8, 1869 to James Calvin Rutherford and Leonora Strickland and raised in near-poverty in a Baptist farm family; some sources list his place of birth as Boonville, but according to his death certificate he was born in Versailles, Missouri. Rutherford developed an interest in law from the age of 16. Although his father discouraged this interest, he allowed Rutherford to go to college under the condition that he pay for a laborer to take his place on the family farm.
Rutherford took out a loan and helped to pay for his law studies by working as a door-to-door encyclopedia salesman and court stenographer. Rutherford spent two years as a judge's intern, became an official court reporter at age 20, was admitted to the Missouri bar in May 1892 at age 22, he became a trial lawyer for a law firm and served for four years in Boonville as a public prosecutor. He campaigned for Democratic presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan, he was appointed as a Special Judge in the Eighth Judicial Circuit Court of Missouri, sitting as a substitute judge at least once when a regular judge was unable to hold court. As a result of this appointment he became known by the sobriquet Judge Rutherford, he was admitted to the New York bar in 1909 and admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the United States the same year. In 1894 Rutherford purchased the first three volumes of Charles Taze Russell's Millennial Dawn series of Bible study textbooks from two colporteurs who visited his office.
Rutherford, who viewed all religions as insincere and hypocritical, was struck by Russell's sincerity and his sentiments towards religion, which mirrored his own view. Rutherford wrote to the Watch Tower Society to express appreciation for the books, he was baptized twelve years and he and his wife began holding Bible classes in their home. In 1907, he became legal counsel for the Watch Tower Society at its Pittsburgh headquarters, from around that time began to give public talks as a "pilgrim" representative of the Society; as Russell's health deteriorated, Rutherford represented him on trips to Europe and in April 1915 he was deputized to speak at a major debate with Baptist preacher J. H. Troy over four nights in Los Angeles before an audience of 12,000, debating various subjects, including the state of the dead and Christ's Second Coming. Rutherford wrote a pamphlet, A Great Battle in the Ecclesiastical Heavens, in defense of Russell and served as chairman of the Bible Students' Los Angeles convention in September 1916.
By 1916 Rutherford had become one of the seven directors of the Watch Tower Society. Ritchie and Secretary-Treasurer William E. Van Amburgh on a three-man executive committee that ran the Pennsylvania corporation until a new president was elected at the annual general meeting the following January, he joined a five-person editorial committee to run The Watch Tower from the December 15, 1916 issue. Russell's will, drawn up in 1907, had named the five people he wished to run the magazine after his
Douglas McCombs plays bass and guitar with the instrumental rock band Tortoise and leads the instrumental band Brokeback. He is the longtime bassist for the rock band Eleventh Dream Day. In 1997, he formed Pullman with Bundy K. Brown, Chris Brokaw, Curtis Harvey, with whom he released two albums. In May 2018, McCombs replaced Eric Claridge as the touring bassist with Chicago jazz-pop outfit The Sea and Cake. Brokeback is a project of McCombs, it has featured the following artists: Rob Mazurek Noel Kupersmith Mary Hansen James McNew Chad Taylor Tim Foljahn James Elkington R. Christopher Hansen Areif Sless-Kitain Pete Croke Another Routine Day Breaks, 7-inch EP, Hi-Ball Records - 1997 Returns to the Orange Grove, Thrill Jockey - 1997 Field Recordings from Cook County Water Table, Thrill Jockey - 1999 Morse Code In The Modern Age: Across The Americas, Thrill Jockey - 2001 Looks at the Bird, Thrill Jockey - 2003 Brokeback and the Black Rock, Thrill Jockey - 2013 Illinois River Valley Blues, Thrill Jockey - 2017
The Rolling Stone Album Guide
The Rolling Stone Album Guide known as The Rolling Stone Record Guide, is a book that contains professional music reviews written and edited by staff members from Rolling Stone magazine. Its first edition was published in 1979 and its last in 2004; the guide can be seen at Rate Your Music, while a list of albums given a five star rating by the guide can be seen at Rocklist.net. The Rolling Stone Record Guide was the first edition of what would become The Rolling Stone Album Guide, it was edited by Dave Marsh and John Swenson, included contributions from 34 other music critics. It is divided into sections by musical genre and lists artists alphabetically within their respective genres. Albums are listed alphabetically by artist although some of the artists have their careers divided into chronological periods. Dave Marsh, in his Introduction, cites as precedents Leonard Maltin's book TV Movies and Robert Christgau's review column in the Village Voice, he gives Tape Guide as raw sources of information.
The first edition included black and white photographs of many of the covers of albums which received five star reviews. These titles are listed together in the Five-Star Records section, coincidentally five pages in length; the edition included reviews for many comedy artists including Lenny Bruce, Lord Buckley, Bill Cosby, The Firesign Theatre, Spike Jones, Richard Pryor. Comedy artists were listed in the catch-all section "Rock, Soul and Pop", which included the genres of folk, bluegrass and reggae, as well as comedy. Traditional pop performers were not included, with the notable exceptions of Frank Sinatra and Nat King Cole. Included too were some difficult-to-classify artists. Big band jazz was handled selectively, with certain band leaders omitted, while others were included. Many other styles of jazz did appear in the Jazz section; the book was notable for the time in the provocative, "in your face" style of many of its reviews. For example, writing about Neil Young's song, "Down by the River", John Swenson described it both as an "FM radio classic", as a "wimp anthem".
His colleague, Dave Marsh, in reviewing the three albums of the jazz fusion group Chase, gave a one-word review: "Flee.". Introduction Rock, Soul and Pop Blues Jazz Gospel Anthologies and Original Casts Five-Star Records Glossary Selected Bibliography The guide employs a five star rating scale with the following descriptions of those ratings: Indispensable: a record that must be included in any comprehensive collection Excellent: a record of substantial merit, though flawed in some essential way. Good: a record of average worth, but one that might possess considerable appeal for fans of a particular style. Mediocre: a record, artistically insubstantial, though not wretched. Poor: a record where technical competence is at question or it was remarkably ill-conceived. Worthless: a record that need never have been created. Reserved for the most bathetic bathwater; the New Rolling Stone Record Guide was an update of 1979's The Rolling Stone Record Guide. Like the first edition, it was edited by Swenson.
It included contributions from 52 music critics and featured chronological album listings under the name of each artist. In many cases, updates from the first edition consist of short, one-sentence verdicts upon an artist's work. Instead of having separate sections such as Blues and Gospel, this edition compressed all of the genres it reviewed into one section except for Jazz titles which were removed for this edition and were expanded and published in 1985 Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. Besides adding reviews for many emerging punk and New Wave bands, this edition added or expanded a significant number of reviews of long-established reggae and ska artists. Since the goal of this guide was to review records that were in print at the time of publication, this edition featured a list of artists who were included in the first edition but were not included in the second edition because all of their material was out of print; this edition dispensed with the album cover photos found in the first edition.
Introduction to the Second Edition Introduction to the First Edition Ratings Reviewers Record Label Abbreviations Rock, Blues, Country and Pop Anthologies and Original Cast Index to Artists in the First Edition The second edition uses the same rating system as the first edition. The only difference is that in addition to a rating, the second edition employs the pilcrow mark to indicate a title, out of print at the time the guide was published; some artists had the ratings for their albums lowered as the book now offered a revisionist slant to rock's history. The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide was published in 1985 and incorporated the jazz listings omitted from The New Rolling S
Tortoise is an American experimental rock band formed in Chicago, Illinois in 1990. The band incorporates krautrock, minimal music and jazz into their music, a combination sometimes termed "post-rock". Since the release of their 1994 eponymous album, Tortoise has been credited for the rise of the post-rock movement in the 1990s; the group's origins lie in the late 1980s pairing of Doug McCombs and drummer John Herndon, who wanted to establish themselves as a freelance rhythm section. The idea did not come to fruition, but their interest in grooving rhythms, as well as their recording studio knowledge led to partnerships with drummer John McEntire and bassist Bundy K. Brown joining, followed by percussionist Dan Bitney. Though songs are credited to all the musicians, McEntire became perceived as the group's guiding force, as his contributions took the form of being the recording engineer and mixer, their first single was issued in 1993, their self-titled debut album followed a year later. Instrumental and mid-tempo, Tortoise garnered praise and attention, notably for its unusual instrumentation.
A remix album followed, Rhythms and Clusters. Brown left and was replaced by David Pajo for 1996's Millions Now Living Will Never Die, which showed up on many year-end best of lists, the 20 minute Djed was described by critic John Bush as proof that "Tortoise made experimental rock do double duty as evocative, beautiful music." In 1996, the band contributed to the AIDS benefit album Offbeat: A Red Hot Soundtrip produced by the Red Hot Organization. They released a Japanese-only compilation featuring tracks from the eponymous debut, Rhythms and compilation appearances. Named A Digest Compendium of the Tortoise's World on November 21, 1996 In 1998, Tortoise released TNT, arguably their most jazz-inflected album. Jeff Parker had joined as a guitarist alongside Pajo, who left the band following the album's completion. 2001 led to Standards, where Tortoise incorporated more electronic sounds and post-production into its music than in previous works. In 2001, the band curated an edition of the British All Tomorrow's Parties festival.
They returned in 2004 to curate another day of the same event. It's All Around You was released in 2004. In 2006, Tortoise collaborated with Bonnie'Prince' Billy on an album of covers entitled The Brave and the Bold, released A Lazarus Taxon, a box set containing two CDs of single tracks and remixes, a third CD with an expanded Rhythms and Clusters and a DVD of videos and film of live performances. In 2001, the band recorded "Dideridoo" for the Red Hot Organization's compilation album Red Hot + Indigo, a tribute to Duke Ellington, which raised money for various charities devoted to AIDS related causes. Bitney and McEntire contributed to the Bright Eyes album Cassadaga; the group has worked with multi-instrumentalist Paul Duncan of the band Warm Ghost. Tortoise released their previous to last album Beacons of Ancestorship on June 23, 2009; the band toured the Midwestern US in September and October 2009, in Europe in November and December. The band performed at the ATP New York 2010 music festival, held in Monticello, New York.
In 2012, Tortoise wrote and recorded the soundtrack to Eduardo Sánchez's Lovely Molly, a psychological horror film inspired by traditional folk-songs. In July 2013, photos and short videos of the band recording new music were posted to Tortoise's official Instagram and Facebook pages. On April 20, 2014, the band wrote on their Facebook page: "Hello, Facebook. We are heading back into the studio next week – LP VII in progress. Tokyo, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, Beijing and Taiwan – see you soon."On October 6, 2015, it was announced that a new album, called The Catastrophist, would be released in early 2016 by Thrill Jockey. Additionally, a single from the new album, entitled Gesceap, was released and it is available on YouTube. Mail order pressings of the album are available through Thrill Jockey as of October 10, 2015; as Tortoise rose to prominence in their early career, their instrumental music has been noted for its ambiguous categorization. The members have roots in Chicago's fertile music scene, playing in various indie rock and punk rock groups.
Tortoise was among the first American indie rock bands to incorporate styles closer to krautrock, minimal music and various jazz styles, rather than the strong rock and roll roots that had dominated the genre. Tortoise has been cited as being one of the prime forces behind the development and popularity of the post-rock movement. CMJ writer Jim Allen highlighted the influence of progressive rock on Tortoise's post-rock style. Other groups related to Tortoise include The Sea and Cake, Slint, Isotope 217, Chicago Odense Ensemble, Tar Babies, the Chicago Underground Duo. Tortoise records on the Thrill Jockey label. Tortoise Millions Now Living Will Never Die TNT Standards It's All Around You Beacons of Ancestorship The Catastrophist In the Fishtank – EP, collaboration with The Ex "Gently cupping the chin of the ape" – two track tour CD with enhanced content The Brave and the Bold – covers album, collaboration with Bonnie'Prince' Billy A Lazarus Taxon – compilation box-set of rare material, 3 CDs and 1 DVD Why Waste Time?
– Japan-only tour EP, Enhanced CD Rhythms, Resolutions & Clusters – remix album A Digest Compendium of the Tortoise's World – Japan-only compilation featuring