Clarke County, Virginia
Clarke County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,034, its county seat is Berryville. Clarke County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area; the first settlement of the Virginia Colony in the future Clarke County was in 1736 by Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron who built a home, Greenway Court, on part of his 5 million acres property, near what is now the village of White Post. White Post was named for the large signpost pointing the way to Lord Fairfax's home; as it lay just west of the Blue Ridge border demarcated under Governor Spotswood at Albany in 1722, the area was claimed along with the rest of the Shenandoah Valley by the Six Nations Iroquois, until the Treaty of Lancaster in 1744, when it was purchased from them by Governor Gooch. Many of the early settlers of what became Clarke County were children of Tidewater planters, who settled on large land grants from Lord Fairfax.
Two-thirds of the county was settled by the plantation group, the plantation lifestyle thrived until the Civil War. County status came in 1836. Clarke was known for its large crops of wheat. During the American Civil War, John S. Mosby, "the Gray Ghost" of the Confederacy, raided General Sheridan's supply train in the summer of 1864, in Berryville; the Battle of Cool Spring was fought in Clarke County on July 17 and 18th, 1864, the Battle of Berryville on September 3, 1864. In 1881 was founded the Bank of Clarke County, still functional regional bank headquartered in Berryville. Early in the 20th century, future Virginia politician Harry F. Byrd, Sr. and his wife established their first home near Berryville, where he undertook extensive agricultural activity growing peaches and apples. Byrd became a State senator in the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly, served a term as a Governor of Virginia, was a United States Senator for over 30 years, heading the powerful Byrd Organization which dominated state politics between the mid-1920s and 1960s.
In 1996, Forrest Pritchard revitalized Smithfield Farm by starting a grass-fed, sustainable livestock operation. Renamed'Smith Meadows', it is one of the oldest grass-finished farms in the United States, its story was chronicled in the New York Times bestseller Gaining Ground. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 178 square miles, of which 176 square miles is land and 2.2 square miles is water. It is the third-smallest county in Virginia by total area. Loudoun County, Virginia – East Warren County, Virginia – Southwest Fauquier County, Virginia – Southeast Frederick County, Virginia – West Jefferson County, West Virginia – North Berryville District: Mary Costello Daniel Buckmarsh District: David Weiss Millwood District: Terri Catlett Russell District: Barbara Byrd White Post District: Bev McKay Clerk of the Circuit Court: Helen Butts Commissioner of the Revenue: Donna Mathews Peake Commonwealth's Attorney: Anne M. Williams Sheriff: Anthony W. Roper Treasurer: Sharon E. Keeler Clarke County is represented by Republican Jill Holtzman Vogel in the Virginia Senate, Republican Dave LaRock and Democrat Wendy Gooditis in the Virginia House of Delegates, Democrat Jennifer Wexton in the U.
S. House of Representatives; as of the census of 2000, there were 12,652 people, 4,942 households, 3,513 families residing in the county. The population density was 72 people per square mile. There were 5,388 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 91.15% White, 6.73% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, 0.85% from two or more races. 1.46 % of the population was Latino of any race. By 2005 90.1% of Clarke County's population was non-Hispanic whites. 6.3% were African-American. 0.2% Native American. 0.6% Asian. 2.6% were Latino. There were 4,942 households out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.90% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $51,601, the median income for a family was $59,750. Males had a median income of $40,254 versus $30,165 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,844. About 4.20% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over. SR 7 US 17 US 50 US 340 SR 277 Handley Regional Library System Berryville Boyce Shenandoah Retreat National Register of Historic Places listings in Clarke County, Virginia Clarke County Official Government Website Clarke County Public Schools Clarke County Historical Association VAGenWeb Clarke County Clarke County Fair Clarke County at the Wayback Machine
Millwood Commercial Historic District
Millwood Commercial Historic District is a national historic district located at Millwood, Clarke County, Virginia. Millwood developed after the American Revolutionary War around the Burwell-Morgan Mill, along Spout Run and one of the largest in the area, it is near several roads important in the colonial era, including Route 17 and Route 340. Col. Nathaniel Burwell, who owned over 5,000 acres in the agriculturally productive area constructed it with General Daniel Morgan as his business partner; the mill had become derelict by the 1940s, when it was acquired by the Clarke County Historical Association, which restored it and operates it as a living history museum. This district includes 10 additional contributing buildings in the village of Millwood, they include a log building, part of a tannery along Spout Run and used a tollhouse. The remaining buildings are associated with the village's commercial core in the late 19th and early 20th centuries: a 1-story stone and frame outbuilding that may have once been used as a cooper's shop.
The commercial buildings are directly visible from the mill and the district was drawn to exclude residential and educational buildings. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006. In 2014, the Chapel Rural Historic District was added to the National Register, had been added to the Virginia Historic Register, encompassing nearly 11,500 acres and nearly 700 contributing properties, including residential and religious buildings excluded by this entry
Boyce is a town in Clarke County, United States. The population was 589 at the 2010 census, up from 426 at the 2000 census. Boyce is located in western Clarke County at 39°5′35″N 78°3′33″W, along U. S. Route 340, it is 6 miles southwest of the county seat and 16 miles northeast of Front Royal. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.35 square miles, all of it land. The town is situated at the crossing of the Norfolk & Western Railway and the Winchester and Berry's Ferry Turnpike about 2 miles northwest of Millwood, of which it is the shipping point, it is built upon a ridge, which drains on the east into Page Brook and to the west into Roseville Run. It is well underlaid with water; as of the census of 2000, there were 426 people, 159 households, 114 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,179.9 people per square mile. There were 168 housing units at an average density of 465.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 86.38% White, 11.74% African American, 1.17% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.47% from two or more races.
There were 159 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.19. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males. The median income for a household in the town was $48,333, the median income for a family was $52,000. Males had a median income of $35,179 versus $21,354 for females; the per capita income for the town was $17,041. About 6.5% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.
The town of Boyce was incorporated by the Circuit Court for the County of Clarke on the 28th day of November, 1910, with a recorded population of 312. The first election for mayor and four councilmen was held on the 20 December 1910, at which W. M. Gaunt was elected Mayor and George W. Garvin, M. O. Simpson, J. T. Sprint and Geo. B. Harrison were elected Councilmen. B. Harrison, Recorder; the Norfolk & Western Railway passes through the center of the business portion of the town, which at the time of the building of the railroad in 1881 was dense woods. The Norfolk & Western Railway erected a large station in the town in 1912; the Shenandoah Valley Railroad was constructed in Clarke County in 1879. It started in Hagerstown and went south to Roanoke, Virginia; the railroad opened from Hagerstown to Berryville on October 1, 1879. The town of Boyce, located 6 miles southwest of Berryville, began in 1881 with the arrival of the Shenandoah Valley Railroad. Located at the railroad crossing with the Millwood Turnpike, Boyce remains much as it was in the early 20th century.
The town was named after Colonel Upton L. Boyce, who lived at the nearby Tuleyries estate and, influential in persuading the railroad to pass through Clarke County. Previous to the current railroad station, there was a much smaller one located on the same side of the tracks but right along the Millwood Turnpike; the railroad was upgrading some of their railroad stations during the early 1910s and were going to replace the original station in Boyce. The new building was to be a small wooden one, sit along the west side of the tracks at its intersection with the Millwood Turnpike. According to local tradition and some historical accounts, the citizens of Boyce wanted a larger, more ornate building and wanted it to be located on the east side of the tracks, they raised money on their own and gave it to the Norfolk and Western to upgrade to a larger station. A December 11, 1912, article in The Clarke Courier entitled "New Depot for Boyce" states: "The public spirit of the citizens of Boyce has again scored a victory.
Some time ago the N & W Railway Company announced that it would erect a new passenger station at Boyce. "The plans submitted by the railway company did not suit the Boyce people, they at once started a movement to secure a better piece of ground in order that a more pretentious station might be erected. "The old buildings have been removed from the Page-Manning lot, work on a new and commodious passenger station, of concrete construction, will be started at once. "This is the spirit. "The Boyce people are quick to go down in their pockets and contribute to any and every cause which will advance their town...." The train station was completed in late 1913. A November 26, 1913, article in The Clarke Courier states: "The new N & W station, with fine concrete platforms, promenade, long train shed, electric-lighted throughout, with all modern conveniences for the comfort of patrons, is a great addition to the town." In a December 23, 1914, article in The Clarke Courier, entitled "The Hustling Town of Boyce," the railroad station is described: "...water is now piped to the ma
Carter Hall (Millwood, Virginia)
Carter Hall was the Millwood, Virginia, USA estate of Lt. Col. Nathaniel Burwell, it is located off Virginia Route 255 northeast of Millwood. The estate includes a grand plantation house, a great lawn, terraced gardens, has panoramic views in all directions, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Nathaniel Burwell inherited a 5,800-acre estate from his father Carter Burwell, of Carter's Grove, James City County, had a mansion built during 1792–1800. George Burwell inherited the estate in 1814 and added the large portico, "by tradition" ascribed to a design of William Thornton, architect of the United States Capitol, it served as headquarters for Stonewall Jackson during part of the American Civil War, was raided and sacked by Union troops during the war. Stonewall Jackson used another house, in Lexington, Virginia, as headquarters during 1861–1862, established headquarters at Carter Hall during Fall of 1862. Jackson "declined George Burwell's invitation to stay in the house, camping instead with his men on the grounds.
During his stay General Jackson permitted his surgeon, Dr. William McGuire, to perform a cataract operation on George Burwell on the portico."It was a home for Burwell's cousin Edmund Randolph, Governor of Virginia, United States Attorney General and Secretary of State under George Washington, was invited to pass his retirement with Colonel Burwell. Carter Hall has a five-bay central block built of local limestone with a central hall flanked by rooms extending the full depth of the house; the flanking two-bay wings have pediment gable ends and the outermost, single-story wings are of a single bay with pediment ends. The house was remodeled in 1930 for its new owner Gerard Lambert "under the direction of the fashionable New York architect, H. T. Lindeberg," and a four-level terraced garden designed by landscape architect Wade Muldoon was added in 1948; the stucco was removed from the exterior to expose the stone. In the house the central hall and east room were combined into a single space and the original wainscoting was replaced with richly-detailed neo-Georgian details based on woodwork at Shirley Plantation, Virginia.
The dining room is the only room to retain significant portions of its original fittings. Carter Hall was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. Acquired in 1978 it is a conference center owned by Project Hope; the organization on November 27, 2018 placed the center with 87-acres on the market for $12,000,000 Stonewall Jackson Headquarters, Virginia Carter Hall, Clarke County, one photo at Virginia DHR Historic American Buildings Survey No. VA-358, "Carter Hall, State Route 723 vicinity, Clarke County, VA", 2 photos, 2 data pages, supplemental material
Virginia the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. Virginia is nicknamed the "Old Dominion" due to its status as the first English colonial possession established in mainland North America and "Mother of Presidents" because eight U. S. presidents were born there, more than any other state. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna; the capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2018 is over 8.5 million. The area's history begins with several indigenous groups, including the Powhatan. In 1607 the London Company established the Colony of Virginia as the first permanent New World English colony. Slave labor and the land acquired from displaced Native American tribes each played a significant role in the colony's early politics and plantation economy.
Virginia was one of the 13 Colonies in the American Revolution. In the American Civil War, Virginia's Secession Convention resolved to join the Confederacy, Virginia's First Wheeling Convention resolved to remain in the Union. Although the Commonwealth was under one-party rule for nearly a century following Reconstruction, both major national parties are competitive in modern Virginia; the Virginia General Assembly is the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World. The state government was ranked most effective by the Pew Center on the States in both 2005 and 2008, it is unique in how it treats cities and counties manages local roads, prohibits its governors from serving consecutive terms. Virginia's economy has many sectors: agriculture in the Shenandoah Valley. S. Department of Defense and Central Intelligence Agency. Virginia has a total area of 42,774.2 square miles, including 3,180.13 square miles of water, making it the 35th-largest state by area. Virginia is bordered by Maryland and Washington, D.
C. to the north and east. Virginia's boundary with Maryland and Washington, D. C. extends to the low-water mark of the south shore of the Potomac River. The southern border is defined as the 36° 30′ parallel north, though surveyor error led to deviations of as much as three arcminutes; the border with Tennessee was not settled until 1893, when their dispute was brought to the U. S. Supreme Court; the Chesapeake Bay separates the contiguous portion of the Commonwealth from the two-county peninsula of Virginia's Eastern Shore. The bay was formed from the drowned river valleys of the James River. Many of Virginia's rivers flow into the Chesapeake Bay, including the Potomac, Rappahannock and James, which create three peninsulas in the bay; the Tidewater is a coastal plain between the fall line. It includes major estuaries of Chesapeake Bay; the Piedmont is a series of sedimentary and igneous rock-based foothills east of the mountains which were formed in the Mesozoic era. The region, known for its heavy clay soil, includes the Southwest Mountains around Charlottesville.
The Blue Ridge Mountains are a physiographic province of the Appalachian Mountains with the highest points in the state, the tallest being Mount Rogers at 5,729 feet. The Ridge and Valley region includes the Great Appalachian Valley; the region includes Massanutten Mountain. The Cumberland Plateau and the Cumberland Mountains are in the southwest corner of Virginia, south of the Allegheny Plateau. In this region, rivers flow northwest, into the Ohio River basin; the Virginia Seismic Zone has not had a history of regular earthquake activity. Earthquakes are above 4.5 in magnitude, because Virginia is located away from the edges of the North American Plate. The largest earthquake, at an estimated 5.9 magnitude, was in 1897 near Blacksburg. A 5.8 magnitude earthquake struck central Virginia on August 2011, near Mineral. The earthquake was felt as far away as Toronto and Florida. 35 million years ago, a bolide impacted. The resulting Chesapeake Bay impact crater may explain what earthquakes and subsidence the region does experience.
Coal mining takes place in the three mountainous regions at 45 distinct coal beds near Mesozoic basins. Over 64 million tons of other non-fuel resources, such as slate, sand, or gravel, were mined in Virginia in 2018; the state's carbonate rock is filled with more than 4,000 caves, ten of which are open for tourism, including the popular Luray Caverns and Skyline Caverns. The climate of Virginia is humid subtropical and becomes warmer and more humid farther south and east. Seasonal extremes vary from average lows of 26 °F in January to average highs of 86 °F in July; the Atlantic Ocean has a strong effect on southeastern coastal areas of the state. Influenced by the Gulf Stream, coastal weather is subject to hurricanes, most pronouncedly near the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. In spite of its position adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean the coastal areas have a significant continental influence with quite large temperature differences between summ
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Berryville is an incorporated town in and the county seat of Clarke County, United States. The population was 4,185 at the 2010 census, up from 2,963 at the 2000 census. Berryville was founded at the intersection of the Winchester Charlestown Road; the land was first granted by the Crown to Captain Isaac Pennington in 1734, George Washington surveyed it on October 23, 1750. In 1754 Pennington sold it to Colonel John Hite. According to legend, Daniel Morgan would engage in combat with young toughs at the intersection, having first piled large stones nearby to use as ammunition in case of need; because of this story, a rowdy tavern nearby, the area was first given the informal name of "Battle Town". Hite sold the tract in 1765 to Major Charles Smith. Smith named his estate "Battle Town", on the site of the former tavern he built a clapboard homestead; this structure still stands on what is now Main Street and is now known as "The Nook". Daniel Morgan returned to the area after distinguishing himself in the Revolution, living at Saratoga, at Soldier's Rest.
He was one of the frequent patrons of the new tavern. Major Smith's son, John Smith, in 1797 sold 20 acres of his inheritance to Benjamin Berry and Sarah Stribling, who divided it into lots for a town, it was established as the town of Berryville on January 15, 1798. By 1810, the town had at least 25 homes, three stores, an apothecary, two taverns, an academy, it was not much larger when it was designated as the county seat of newly formed Clarke County in 1836. An 1855 gazetteer described it as "a small town" that "has some trade, contains an academy and 1 or 2 churches."During the Civil War, Confederate General Jubal A. Early had his headquarters in the town. Not long afterward the Battle of Berryville was fought in and around the town during the Valley Campaigns of 1864; the railroad reached the town in the 1870s. Virginia governor and U. S. senator Harry F. Byrd long resided in Berryville. A state senator in 1916, he built a log cabin named "Westwood" in Berryville at a family-owned orchard; the cabin was constructed from chestnut logs prior to the chestnut blight.
In 1926, Byrd purchased Rosemont, an estate adjacent to his family's apple orchards in Berryville. He moved there with his family after his term as governor ended in 1929. Berryville is located in the northern Shenandoah Valley, 11 miles east of Winchester and 5 miles south of the West Virginia border. U. S. Route 340 passes through the center of town, leading northeast 12 miles to Charles Town, West Virginia, southwest 22 miles to Front Royal. Virginia State Route 7 bypasses Berryville along its northern border as a four-lane freeway, leading west to Winchester and east across the Blue Ridge Mountains 24 miles to Leesburg. According to the United States Census Bureau, Berryville has a total area of 2.3 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,963 people, 1,239 households, 783 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,648.3 people per square mile. There were 1,312 housing units at an average density of 729.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 84.54% White, 13.60% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.13% from other races, 1.05% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.32% of the population. There were 1,239 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.8% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.90. In the town, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $39,871, the median income for a family was $52,176. Males had a median income of $38,750 versus $26,531 for females; the per capita income for the town was $20,337. About 4.1% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.
Berryville is located at the intersection of U. S. Route 340 and Virginia State Route 7. US 340 passes through the center of town, extending southwest to Front Royal and northeast to Charles Town. SR 7 bypasses the town just to the north, extending east to Leesburg. US 340 connects to Interstate 66 near Front Royal while SR 7 has a junction with Interstate 81 near Winchester. While SR 7 now bypasses downtown Berryville, SR 7 Business still passes through via Main Street; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Berryville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. J & L Pie Co. - Established in 1899 Clarke County High School Holy Cross Abbey - Trappist monastery Soldier's Rest - 1769 Historic Rosemont Manor - former home of Governor and U. S. Senator Harry F. Byrd In addition to Soldier's Rest, the Berryville Historic District, Chapel Hill, Cool Spring Battlefield, Glendale Farm, Josephine City School, Long Marsh Run Rural Historic District, Old Clarke County Courthouse, Smithfield Farm, Wickliffe C