Los Angeles Times
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper, published in Los Angeles, since 1881. It has the fourth-largest circulation among United States newspapers, is the largest U. S. newspaper not headquartered on the East Coast. The paper is known for its coverage of issues salient to the U. S. West Coast, such as immigration trends and natural disasters, it has won more than 40 Pulitzer Prizes for its coverage of other issues. As of June 18, 2018, ownership of the paper is controlled by Patrick Soon-Shiong, the executive editor is Norman Pearlstine. In the nineteenth century, the paper was known for its civic boosterism and opposition to unions, the latter of which led to the bombing of its headquarters in 1910; the paper's profile grew in the 1960s under publisher Otis Chandler, who adopted a more national focus. In recent decades, the paper's readership has declined and it has been beset by a series of ownership changes, staff reductions, other controversies. In January 2018, the paper's staff voted to unionize, in July 2018 the paper moved out of its historic downtown headquarters to a facility near Los Angeles International Airport.
The Times was first published on December 4, 1881, as the Los Angeles Daily Times under the direction of Nathan Cole Jr. and Thomas Gardiner. It was first printed at the Mirror printing plant, owned by Jesse Yarnell and T. J. Caystile. Unable to pay the printing bill and Gardiner turned the paper over to the Mirror Company. In the meantime, S. J. Mathes had joined the firm, it was at his insistence that the Times continued publication. In July 1882, Harrison Gray Otis moved from Santa Barbara to become the paper's editor. Otis made the Times a financial success. Historian Kevin Starr wrote that Otis was a businessman "capable of manipulating the entire apparatus of politics and public opinion for his own enrichment". Otis's editorial policy was based on civic boosterism, extolling the virtues of Los Angeles and promoting its growth. Toward those ends, the paper supported efforts to expand the city's water supply by acquiring the rights to the water supply of the distant Owens Valley; the efforts of the Times to fight local unions led to the October 1, 1910 bombing of its headquarters, killing twenty-one people.
Two union leaders and Joseph McNamara, were charged. The American Federation of Labor hired noted trial attorney Clarence Darrow to represent the brothers, who pleaded guilty. Otis fastened a bronze eagle on top of a high frieze of the new Times headquarters building designed by Gordon Kaufmann, proclaiming anew the credo written by his wife, Eliza: "Stand Fast, Stand Firm, Stand Sure, Stand True." Upon Otis's death in 1917, his son-in-law, Harry Chandler, took control as publisher of the Times. Harry Chandler was succeeded in 1944 by his son, Norman Chandler, who ran the paper during the rapid growth of post-war Los Angeles. Norman's wife, Dorothy Buffum Chandler, became active in civic affairs and led the effort to build the Los Angeles Music Center, whose main concert hall was named the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in her honor. Family members are buried at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery near Paramount Studios; the site includes a memorial to the Times Building bombing victims. The fourth generation of family publishers, Otis Chandler, held that position from 1960 to 1980.
Otis Chandler sought legitimacy and recognition for his family's paper forgotten in the power centers of the Northeastern United States due to its geographic and cultural distance. He sought to remake the paper in the model of the nation's most respected newspapers, notably The New York Times and The Washington Post. Believing that the newsroom was "the heartbeat of the business", Otis Chandler increased the size and pay of the reporting staff and expanded its national and international reporting. In 1962, the paper joined with The Washington Post to form the Los Angeles Times–Washington Post News Service to syndicate articles from both papers for other news organizations, he toned down the unyielding conservatism that had characterized the paper over the years, adopting a much more centrist editorial stance. During the 1960s, the paper won four Pulitzer Prizes, more than its previous nine decades combined. Writing in 2013 about the pattern of newspaper ownership by founding families, Times reporter Michael Hiltzik said that: The first generations bought or founded their local paper for profits and social and political influence.
Their children enjoyed both profits and influence, but as the families grew larger, the generations found that only one or two branches got the power, everyone else got a share of the money. The coupon-clipping branches realized that they could make more money investing in something other than newspapers. Under their pressure the companies split apart, or disappeared. That's the pattern followed over more than a century by the Los Angeles Times under the Chandler family; the paper's early history and subsequent transformation was chronicled in an unauthorized history Thinking Big, was one of four organizations profiled by David Halberstam in The Powers That Be. It has been the whole or partial subject of nearly thirty dissertations in communications or social science in the past four decades; the Los Angeles Times began a decline with Los Angeles itself with the decline in military production at the end of the Cold War. It faced hiring freezes in 1991-1992. Another major decision at the same time was to cut the range of circulation.
They cut circulation in California's Central Valley, Nevada and the San Diego ed
You Can't Take It with You (play)
You Can't Take It with You is a comedic play in three acts by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart; the original production of the play premiered on Broadway in 1936, played for 838 performances. The play won the 1937 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, was adapted for the screen as You Can't Take It with You, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture and Best Director; the play is popular among theater programs of high school institutions, has been one of the 10 most-produced school plays every year since amateur rights came available in 1939. The story takes place in the large house of a batty New York City family. Various characters in the lives of the Vanderhof-Sycamore-Carmichael clan are introduced in the first act; the patriarch of the family, Grandpa Vanderhof, is an eccentric old man who keeps snakes and has never paid his income tax. Penelope "Penny" Vanderhof Sycamore is his daughter, is married to Paul Sycamore, a tinkerer who manufactures fireworks in the basement with the help of his assistant, Mr. De Pinna, who used to be the family's iceman.
One of Paul and Penny's two daughters is Essie Sycamore Carmichael, a childish candymaker who dreams of being a ballerina. Essie is married to Ed Carmichael, a xylophone player who lives with them and helps distribute Essie's candies. Ed is an amateur printer. Paul and Penny's other daughter Alice Sycamore is quite the only "normal" family member, she has an office job and is sometimes embarrassed by the eccentricities of her family, yet deep down, she still loves them. In addition, the Vanderhof-Sycamore-Carmichael clan employs a maid, dating Donald, a handyman who performs odd jobs for the Sycamores. Essie tells Grandpa Vanderhof that some letters have arrived for him from the "United States Government," but that she misplaced them. Shortly afterwards, Alice comes home and announces that she has fallen in love with a young man with whom she works, Tony Kirby, the son of the company's executive. Before going upstairs to change, Alice tells her family that he will be coming over shortly to take her on a date.
The entire family is still joyfully discussing her boyfriend. Penny answers the door and greets the man standing there, thinking he must be Tony, but only after forcing the stranger to shake hands with the entire family do they realize that he is not Alice's boyfriend: he is a tax investigator, his name is Wilbur C. Henderson, he is investigating Grandpa for his evasion of income tax; when Henderson asks Grandpa why he owed twenty-four years of back income tax, Grandpa states he never believed in it, that the government wouldn't know what to do with the money if he did pay it. Henderson becomes infuriated by Grandpa's answers to his questions. Henderson spots Grandpa's snakes, runs out of the house in fear, but not before promising Grandpa that he will hear, one way or another, from the United States government; the real Tony Kirby arrives, Alice is nervous that her eccentric family will scare him away, so she attempts to leave with him on their date. As they attempt to leave, Mr. Boris Kolenkhov, Essie's eccentric Russian ballet instructor and makes chitchat with the family, complaining about the Revolution.
During this discussion and Tony make their escape. The rest of the family sit down for dinner; that night and Tony come back late from their date and have a glass of wine and Tony makes a toast. Though it is revealed that they both love each other very much, Alice has doubts as to whether a marriage of Tony and Alice's families could work out well. Tony insists that, if they love each other, it shouldn't matter, but Alice ignores him and tearfully shouts that it just would never work, she divulges how Grandpa could have been "a rich man," but instead, he had an epiphany one day and rode the elevator right back down to the lobby of his building and quit work. Alice explains. In the course of their conversation, interrupted by Essie and Ed and Donald at one point, Tony wins Alice over, they agree to get married. Paul comes up from the basement and tells Alice to watch his latest firework masterpiece, she lovingly says: "It's the most beautiful red fire in the world..." The second act takes place a few days later.
Alice has invited Tony, his father, his mother over for dinner the next evening, it is the only thing on the entire family's mind. Alice runs around the house telling her family to try to act as normal as possible. Penny has brought actress Gay Wellington over to read over Penny's latest play, but Gay becomes drunk, passes out onto the living room couch after looking at the snakes. Ed returns from distributing Essie's candies, worried; when Mr. De Pinna looks out the window, he sees no one other than a man walking away. Ed is still sent out by Essie to deliver more candies. Paul and Mr. De Pinna are downstairs the whole time making fireworks. Mr. De Pinna comes up from the basement carrying a painting that Penny had started of him as a discus thrower. Mr. De Pinna asks if Penny would finish it and she agrees, she leaves to put on her painting gear and Mr. De Pinna leaves to put on his costume. At the same time, Mr. Kolenkhov begins Essie's ballet lesson. Ed provides accompanying music on the xylophone.
Rheba runs out of the kitchen cleaning. Grandpa takes this time to feed the snakes. In the midst of all this hullabaloo, Tony appears in the doorway with Mrs. Kirby. Before them is the entir
Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County in the Los Angeles metropolitan area of Southern California, United States, 12 miles northwest of downtown Los Angeles. The population at the 2010 census was 103,340. Billed as the "Media Capital of the World" and only a few miles northeast of Hollywood, numerous media and entertainment companies are headquartered or have significant production facilities in Burbank, including Warner Bros. Entertainment, The Walt Disney Company, Nickelodeon Animation Studios, The Burbank Studios, Cartoon Network Studios with the West Coast branch of Cartoon Network, Insomniac Games; the Hollywood Burbank Airport was the location of Lockheed's Skunk Works, which produced some of the most secret and technologically advanced airplanes, including the U-2 spy planes that uncovered the Soviet Union missile components in Cuba in October 1962. Burbank consists of two distinct areas: a downtown/foothill section, in the foothills of the Verdugo Mountains, the flatland section; the city was referred to as "Beautiful Downtown Burbank" on Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.
The city was named after David Burbank, a New Hampshire–born dentist and entrepreneur who established a sheep ranch there in 1867. The city of Burbank occupies land, part of two Spanish and Mexican-era colonial land grants, the 36,400-acre Rancho San Rafael, granted to Jose Maria Verdugo by the Spanish Bourbon government in 1784, the 4,063-acre Rancho Providencia created in 1821; this area was the scene of a military skirmish which resulted in the unseating of the Spanish Governor of California, his replacement by the Mexican leader Pio Pico. Remnants of the military battle were found many years in the vicinity of Warner Bros. Studio when residents dug up cannonballs. Dr. David Burbank purchased over 4,600 acres of the former Verdugo holding and another 4,600 acres of the Rancho Providencia in 1867 and built a ranch house and began to raise sheep and grow wheat on the ranch. By 1876, the San Fernando Valley became the largest wheat-raising area in Los Angeles County, but the droughts of the 1860s and 1870s underlined the need for steady water supplies.
A professionally trained dentist, Burbank began his career in Maine. He joined the great migration westward in the early 1850s and, by 1853 was living in San Francisco. At the time the American Civil War broke out he was again well established in his profession as a dentist in Pueblo de Los Angeles. In 1867, he purchased Rancho La Providencia from David W. Alexander and Francis Mellus, he purchased the western portion of the Rancho San Rafael from Jonathan R. Scott. Burbank's property reached nearly 9,200 acres at a cost of $9,000. Burbank would not acquire full titles to both properties until after a court decision known as the "Great Partition" was made in 1871 dissolving the Rancho San Rafael, he became known as one of the largest and most successful sheep raisers in southern California, as a result, he closed his dentistry practice and invested in real estate in Los Angeles. Burbank later owned the Burbank Theatre, which opened on November 27, 1893, at a cost of $150,000. Though the theater was intended to be an opera house, instead it staged plays and became known nationally.
The theatre featured famous actors of the time including Fay Bainter and Marjorie Rambeau, until it had deteriorated into a burlesque house. When the area that became Burbank was settled in the 1870s and 1880s, the streets were aligned along what is now Olive Avenue, the road to the Cahuenga Pass and downtown Los Angeles; these were the roads the Native Americans traveled and the early settlers took their produce down to Los Angeles to sell and to buy supplies along these routes. At the time, the primary long-distance transportation methods available to San Fernando Valley residents were stagecoach and train. Stagecoaching between Los Angeles and San Francisco through the Valley began in 1858; the Southern Pacific Railroad arrived in the Valley in 1876, completing the route connecting San Francisco and Los Angeles. A shrewd businessman, foreseeing the value of rail transport, Burbank sold Southern Pacific Railroad a right-of-way through the property for one dollar; the first train passed through Burbank on April 5, 1874.
A boom created by a rate war between the Santa Fe and Southern Pacific brought people streaming into California shortly thereafter, a group of speculators purchased much of Burbank's land holdings in 1886 for $250,000. One account suggests Burbank may have sold his property because of a severe drought that year, which caused a shortage of water and grass for his livestock. 1,000 of his sheep died due to the drought conditions. The group of speculators who bought the acreage formed the Providencia Land and Development Company and began developing the land, calling the new town Burbank after its founder, began offering farm lots on May 1, 1887; the townsite had Burbank Boulevard/Walnut Avenue as the northern boundary, Grandview Avenue as the southern boundary, the edge of the Verdugo Mountains as the eastern boundary and Clybourn Avenue was the western border. The establishment of a water system in 1887 allowed farmers to irrigate their orchards and provided a stronger base for agricultural development.
The original plot of the new townsite of Burbank extended from what is now Burbank Boulevard on the north, to Grandview Avenue in Glendale, California on the south, from the top of the Verdugo Hills on the east to what is now known as Clybourn Avenue on the west. At the same time, the arrival of the railroad provided immediate access for the farmers to bring crops to market. Packing houses and warehouses were built alo
Stand-up comedy is a comic style in which a comedian performs in front of a live audience speaking directly to them. The performer is known as a comic, stand-up comic, comedienne, stand-up comedian, or a stand-up. In stand-up comedy, the comedian gives the illusion that they are dialoguing, but in actuality, they are monologuing a grouping of humorous stories and one-liners called a shtick, routine, or set; some stand-up comedians use props, magic tricks to enhance their acts. Stand-up comedy is stated to be the "freest form of comedy writing", regarded as an "extension of" the person performing; the improvisation of stand-up is compared to jazz music. A comedian's process of writing is likened to the process of song writing. A comedian's ability to tighten their material has been likened to crafting a samurai sword; some of the main types of humor in stand-up comedy include observational comedy, blue comedy, dark comedy, clean comedy, cringe comedy. Alternative stand-up comedy deviates from the traditional, mainstream comedy by breaking either joke structure, performing in an untraditional scene, or breaking an audience's expectations.
Stand-up comedy is performed in corporate events, comedy clubs and pubs, neo-burlesques and theatres. Outside live performance, stand-up is distributed commercially via television, DVD, CD and the internet, it can take an amateur comedian about 10 years to perfect the technique needed to be a professional comedian. As the name implies, "stand-up" comedians perform their material while standing, though this is not mandatory. Similar acts performed while seated can be referred to as "sit-down comedy". "Comedians are more to exhibit psychotic traits" than the average person. In stand-up comedy, from the time the audience enters the building, their feedback is instant and crucial for the comedian's act. Audiences expect a stand-up comedian to provide four to six laughs per minute, a performer is always under pressure to deliver the first two minutes. A stand-up comedy show may be one comedian. A traditional format features an opening act known as a host, compère, master of ceremonies, or "opener" who, for 10-12 minutes warms up the crowd, interacts with audience members, makes announcements, introduces the other performers.
The second definition of an opener is applied when the opening act of a traveling comedian may perform a 25-minute set. The "showcase" format consists of several acts who perform for equal lengths of time, typical in smaller clubs such as the Comedy Cellar, or Jongleurs, or at large events where the billing of several names allows for a larger venue than the individual comedians could draw. A showcase format may still feature an MC. Many smaller venues hold open mic events, where anyone can take the stage and perform for the audience; this offers an opportunity for amateur performers to hone their craft and to break into the profession, or for established professionals to work on their material. Industry scouts will sometimes go to watch open mics. Breaking into the business requires "10 minute" of "A" material. Roadhouses start booking people for "20 minutes of'A' material". "A" material means getting a big laugh at least "75% of the time". "Bringer shows" are open mics that require amateur performers to bring a specified number of paying guests to receive stage time.
Some view this as exploitation. The guests have to pay a cover charge and there is a minimum number of drinks that must be ordered; these shows have a "showcase" format. Different comedy clubs have different requirements for their bringer shows. Gotham Comedy Club in New York City, for example has ten-person bringers, while Broadway Comedy Club in New York City has six-person bringers. In the'90s, the New York Comedy Club had pre-shows. In metropolitan areas, bringer shows may give comedians better exposure than open mics, because there is better audience turnout; this is an unpaid, five-to-ten-minute time slot, an audition to get booked for paid gigs. In stand-up comedy, a "canned" joke is made of a "premise...point of view" and "twist" ending. A joke contains the least amount of information necessary to be conveyed and laughed at. Most of stand-up comedy's jokes are the juxtaposition of two incongruous things. According to the founding editor of The Onion, there are eleven types of jokes. Stand-up comedians will deliver their jokes in the form of a typical joke structure, using comedic timing to deliver the setup and the punch line.
Stand-ups will frame their stories as having happened "recently." The comedian's delivery of a joke—the pause, inflection, "ener," and look—is "everything". Comedians include taglines (dependent punchlines that
Leslie Townes Hope, known professionally as Bob Hope, was an American stand-up comedian, actor, dancer and author. With a career that spanned nearly 80 years, Hope appeared in more than 70 short and feature films, with 54 feature films with Hope as star, including a series of seven "Road" musical comedy movies with Bing Crosby as Hope's top-billed partner. In addition to hosting the Academy Awards show 19 times, more than any other host, he appeared in many stage productions and television roles, was the author of 14 books; the song "Thanks for the Memory" was his signature tune. Hope was born in the Eltham district of southeast London, UK, arrived in the United States with his family at the age of four, grew up in the Cleveland, area. After a brief career as a boxer in the late 1910s, he began his career in show business in the early 1920s as a comedian and dancer on the vaudeville circuit, before acting on Broadway. Hope began appearing on radio and in films starting in 1934, he was praised for his comedic timing, specializing in one-liners and rapid-fire delivery of jokes which were self-deprecating.
He helped establish modern American stand-up comedy. Celebrated for his long career performing in United Service Organizations shows to entertain active duty American military personnel, making 57 tours for the USO between 1941 and 1991, Hope was declared an honorary veteran of the U. S. Armed Forces in 1997 by an act of the United States Congress, he appeared in numerous specials for NBC television starting in 1950, was one of the first users of cue cards. Hope participated in the sports of golf and boxing and owned a small stake in his hometown baseball team, the Cleveland Indians. Hope retired in 1997, died at the age of 100 in 2003, at his home in the Toluca Lake neighborhood of Los Angeles. Hope, the fifth of seven sons, was born in Eltham, County of London, in a terraced house on Craigton Road in Well Hall where there is now a blue plaque in his memory, his English father, William Henry Hope, was a stonemason from Weston-super-Mare and his Welsh mother, was a light opera singer from Barry, Vale of Glamorgan, who worked as a cleaner.
William and Avis married in April 1891 and lived at 12 Greenwood Street in Barry before moving to Whitehall, to St George, Bristol. In 1908, the family emigrated to the United States, they passed through Ellis Island, New York before moving on to Cleveland, Ohio. From age 12, Hope earned pocket money by busking—public performing to solicit contributions, singing and performing comedy, he entered numerous dancing and amateur talent contests as Lester Hope, won a prize in 1915 for his impersonation of Charlie Chaplin. For a time, he attended the Boys' Industrial School in Lancaster, as an adult donated sizable sums of money to the institution. Hope had a brief career as a boxer in 1919, he had three wins and one loss, he participated in a few staged charity bouts in life. Hope worked as a lineman in his teens and early 20s, he had a brief stint at Chandler Motor Car Company. In 1921, while assisting his brother Jim in clearing trees for a power company, he was sitting atop a tree that crashed to the ground, crushing his face.
Deciding on a show business career and his girlfriend at the time signed up for dancing lessons. Encouraged after they performed in a three-day engagement at a club, Hope formed a partnership with Lloyd Durbin, a friend from the dancing school. Silent film comedian Fatty Arbuckle saw them perform in 1925 and found them work with a touring troupe called Hurley's Jolly Follies. Within a year, Hope had formed an act called the Dancemedians with George Byrne and the Hilton Sisters, conjoined twins who performed a tap dancing routine in the vaudeville circuit. Hope and Byrne had an act as Siamese twins as well, danced and sang while wearing blackface until friends advised Hope he was funnier as himself. In 1929, Hope informally changed his first name to "Bob." In one version of the story, he named himself after race car driver Bob Burman. In another, he said he chose the name because he wanted a name with a "friendly'Hiya, fellas!' Sound" to it. In a 1942 legal document, his legal name is given as Lester Townes Hope.
After five years on the vaudeville circuit, Hope was "surprised and humbled" when he failed a 1930 screen test for the French film production company Pathé at Culver City, California. In the early days, Hope's career included appearances on stage in vaudeville shows and Broadway productions, he began performing on the radio in 1934 with NBC radio, switched to television when that medium became popular in the 1950s. He began doing regular TV specials in 1954, hosted the Academy Awards nineteen times from 1939 through 1977. Overlapping with this was his movie career, spanning 1934 to 1972, his USO tours, which he conducted from 1941 to 1991. Hope signed a contract with Educational Pictures of New York for six short films; the first was a comedy. He was not happy with it, told newspaper gossip columnist Walter Winchell, "When they catch Dillinger, they're going to make him sit through it twice." Although Educational Pictures dropped his contract, he soon signed with Warner Brothers, making movies during the day and performing in Broadway shows in the evenings.
Hope moved to
Here's Lucy is an American sitcom starring Lucille Ball. The series co-starred her long-time partner Gale Gordon and her real-life children Lucie Arnaz and Desi Arnaz Jr.. It was broadcast on CBS from 1968 to 1974, it was Ball's third network sitcom following The Lucy Show. Though The Lucy Show was still hugely popular during the 1967–68 season, finishing in the top five of the ratings, Ball opted to end that series at the end of that season, as there were enough episodes for syndicated reruns, as she had just sold Desilu Productions, to Gulf & Western. Ball, who had stated that she did not wish to continue to star in a show that she no longer owned made it known that she did not wish to continue to star in a show unless her two children agreed to co-star, thus an new show was written for this purpose. Doris Singleton, Carolyn Appleby from I Love Lucy, has said she was going to be a series regular on the show as Harry Carter's secretary, but the idea was dropped when Lucy brought her children on board with the show.
Here's Lucy was produced by Lucille Ball Productions. Desilu's successor Paramount Television co-produced the first season, but sold its stake in the show to Ball afterwards. Unlike most sitcoms of the era, Here's Lucy was filmed before a live audience. However, a laugh track was still used to fill any gaps in missed punchlines; the live format was requested by Ball herself, as she performed better in the presence of an audience. The program's premise changed from The Lucy Show. Unlike Ball's character on the previous program — Lucy Carmichael, who lived in New York and moved to California — in her third sitcom, Ball's character of Lucy Carter was living in Los Angeles, once again bore a name containing "ar" in tribute to her ex-husband Desi Arnaz. In this new incarnation, Lucy was a widow with two children named Kim and Craig, played by her real life children, Lucie Arnaz and Desi Arnaz Jr.. She was employed at "Carter's Unique Employment Agency" by her bachelor brother-in-law Harry, played by Gale Gordon in a role similar to his Mr. Mooney role from The Lucy Show.
Mary Jane Croft, a regular featured player on the last three seasons of The Lucy Show became a semi-regular on the new series. Character actress Vanda Barra, who had played small parts on The Lucy Show, was added to this sitcom and was upgraded. Towards the end of the run of Here's Lucy, Barra became part of the ensemble cast. Ball's longtime costar Vivian Vance made six guest appearances as Vivian Jones through the series' run; the series was created by Milt Josefsberg and Bob O'Brien in 1968. They wanted to comically present the "generation gap" struggle between a working mother and her two independent teenagers, they wanted change this time around and to escape the shows for which Lucy had been so well known. They touched upon current events; the writers interviewed Lucie and Desi Jr. to allow a more realistic approach to how teenagers acted. In addition, they were given free rein to choose the names for their respective characters. Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor guest-starred in the 1970 third season opener, in a storyline involving their famous diamond, which becomes stuck on Lucy's finger.
Ball and Burton did not get along, as he found Ball's rigid perfectionism grating. Another noteworthy episode was "Lucy Visits Jack Benny." In addition to Benny, Jackie Gleason made a surprise cameo reprising his role of bus driver Ralph Kramden. During its run, Here's Lucy featured a number of famous guest stars, many of whom were Ball's real-life friends playing themselves, including Ann-Margret, Milton Berle, Carol Burnett, George Burns, Johnny Carson, Petula Clark, Eva Gabor, Helen Hayes, Dean Martin, Eve McVeagh, Vincent Price, Tony Randall, Buddy Rich, Joan Rivers, Ginger Rogers, Dinah Shore, Danny Thomas, Lawrence Welk, Flip Wilson, Shelley Winters, Donny Osmond and Patty Andrews. Ball appeared as herself in an episode in which Lucy Carter enters a Lucille Ball look-alike contest; this episode, designed to cross-promote Ball's current film Mame, enabled Ball to appear on screen with herself. Mary Treen was cast as Mary Winters in the series finale, the 1974 episode "Lucy Fights the System".
At the end of the third season, Desi Arnaz, Jr. decided to leave the series to pursue a movie acting career. His character of Craig returned in the fifth-season episode "Lucy and Joe Namath', but after that he never again appeared on the show although Craig was referred to from time to time. With Desi Jr.'s absence, Lucie Arnaz's character of Kim became more a prominent part of the program as well as a strong comedic foil for both Ball and Gordon. During the fourth season, the producers proposed a spin-off of the show for Kim, titled The Lucie Arnaz Show; the show would have Kim and her friend, Sue live in their own apartment in a building run by Lucy's brother, Herb Hinkley, over protective of Kim. The show was a back-door pilot; the pilot was anticipated to be picked up as a weekly series. The week before this installment aired, Vivian Vance m
Archie Bunker's Place
Archie Bunker's Place is an American sitcom produced as a spin-off continuation of All in the Family that aired on CBS from September 23, 1979, to April 4, 1983. While not as popular as its predecessor, the show maintained a large enough audience to last for four seasons, until its cancellation in 1983. In its first season, the show performed so well that it knocked Mork & Mindy out of its new Sunday night time slot. Although the Bunker home continued to be featured, the last four episodes of All in the Family were set in the title's neighborhood tavern in Astoria, Queens which Archie Bunker purchased in the series' eighth-season premiere. During the first season as Archie Bunker's Place, Bunker takes on a Jewish partner, Murray Klein, when co-owner Harry Snowden decides to sell his share of the business. Early in the first season, to increase business and Murray build a restaurant onto the bar; the regular patrons include Barney Hefner, Hank Pivnik, Edgar Van Ranseleer. Archie Bunker's Place was the sounding board for Archie's views, support from his friends, Murray's counterpoints.
In the series, after Murray remarries and leaves for San Francisco, Archie finds a new business partner, Gary Rabinowitz, whose views were liberal, in contrast to Archie's political conservatism. Carroll O'Connor as Archie Bunker, a blue-collar worker whose ignorant stubbornness tends to cause his arguments to self-destruct. By the time of Archie Bunker's Place, the character has mellowed somewhat and is no longer as explicitly bigoted as he had been during All in the Family agreeing to go into business with Murray, Jewish, becoming close friends with him. Jean Stapleton continued to play Archie's wife Edith Bunker; the show featured Edith five times during the first 14 episodes of the first season, but Stapleton decided to leave the series late in 1979. The writers and producers addressed Stapleton's departure in the Season 2 premiere, explaining that Edith had died of a stroke. Archie reflected on his wife's death and began dating again. Martin Balsam as Murray Klein. Murray was Archie's Jewish partner, who held liberal views similar to those of Archie's son-in-law Michael Stivic.
Unlike Mike, Murray was patient with Archie's views. Danielle Brisebois as Stephanie Mills, the 10-year-old Jewish daughter of Edith's step-cousin, Floyd Mills. Archie and Edith take Stephanie in after her father, a chronic, unemployed drunk, abandoned her during the final season of All in the Family. Stephanie loved to sing and dance, her talents were showcased in several episodes. Celeste Holm as Estelle Harris, Stephanie's wealthy grandmother, who would be at odds with Archie over his rearing of Stephanie. Allan Melvin as Barney Hefner, Archie's best friend and a regular at the bar, their friendship was first established in 1972 during an episode of All in the Family. He was married to a woman named Mabel. Blanche left Barney numerous times before the couple divorced in 1979, Barney was ordered to pay alimony. Danny Dayton as Hank Pivnik, another regular, he first appeared in 1976 on All in the Family. Hank disappeared with no explanation given after the 1979–1980 season. Bill Quinn as Edgar Van Ranseleer, a blind patron and regular at the bar.
He was never referred to by his first name. His first appearance was in 1978 on All in the Family. Jason Wingreen as Harry Snowden, Archie's former business partner, who continued to work at the tavern as a bartender. Another holdover character from All in the Family, which Wingreen joined in 1976. Abraham Alvarez and Joe Rosario as Jose Perez and Raoul Rosario, two Latin-American immigrants employed as assistant cooks at Archie's bar. Archie learns they are illegal immigrants after they refuse to give a statement to police after having witnessed a mugging. Anne Meara as Veronica Rooney, the cook at Archie Bunker's Place, she made wisecracks and gave Archie a hard time. She insisted that Archie hire her gay nephew Fred as a waiter to help him pay for law school, she was an alcoholic and pined to reconcile with her ex-husband, but knew it wasn't going to happen. Meara appeared sporadically throughout the show's third season and left the show before the fourth and final season. Dean Scofield as Fred Rooney, a gay waiter, Veronica's nephew.
Barbara Meek as Ellen Canby. Ellen was a black housekeeper, hired by Archie after Edith's death, she took care of Stephanie, helped keep Archie's tongue in check. Though Archie still harbored some prejudice toward black people by the time she arrived on the scene, he respected Ellen and was grateful for the job she did in helping to raise Stephanie. Denise Miller, who joined the cast in 1981 as Archie's 18-year-old niece, Barbara Lee "Billie" Bunker. Billie—who worked as a waitress at Archie Bunker's Place—was the daughter of Archie's estranged brother Fred, her principal love interest was Gary Rabinowitz. Barry Gordon, another 1981 addition to the cast as Jewish lawyer and business manager Gary