Sharnbrook Academy Sharnbrook Upper School, is a large, rural academy school located in Sharnbrook, a village in the English county of Bedfordshire. Built in 1975, the school now has over 1900 students and around 300 staff, includes a large sixth form founded in 1978 of around 650 students; the school is popular and is oversubscribed, with some parents resorting to moving house into Sharnbrook's catchment area to guarantee their children a place at the school. Quite a sizeable proportion of sixth form students join the school in Year 12, having completed their compulsory education at other schools. Most students join the school in Year 7 where they are aged 10 to 11, they take GCSE exams, in year 11, after which some students will leave to attend a technical college or an alternative sixth form. Most, however and join the sixth form, where they are joined by a large number of students who have completed their GCSEs at other schools and have moved to Sharnbrook for their final two years at school.
At the beginning of the 2003 to 2004 academic year, Sharnbrook introduced vertical tutoring, a pastoral system in which each tutor group has students from each year group, from Year 9 to Year 13. In contrast all UK secondary schools organise their tutor groups horizontally, with the school population divided into National Curriculum year groups, each form or tutor group has students from only one year group; the school's senior management now share their expertise in running a vertical system by running workshops and seminars for headteachers, senior managers and pastoral leaders from around the UK. To accommodate the new vertical tutor groups, a House system was devised, comprising six houses, one of which every student is a member. Most of the staff are assigned to a house; each house contains fourteen tutor groups and is led by a Head of House and an Assistant Head of House, titles which are sometimes abbreviated to HOH and AHOH, respectively. Traditional Heads of Year still exist, although their role has diminished with the arrival of Heads of House.
The houses are named after medieval manors of Sharnbrook village. The houses and their associated colours are displayed in the adjacent table. Art rooms and gallery, including a photographic darkroom and a specialist digital suite. AstroTurf sports pitch Climbing wall Dance studio Interactive whiteboards Main Hall and Sports Hall Music centre, incorporating two recording studios and a spacious music tech room Paula Radcliffe Community Sports Centre Playing fields Sixth form centre, built in 1999 Tennis courts Television studio, edit suites and a Radio Studio Drama StudiosThe school hosted its own Farm onsite for many years. In late 2009 plans were confirmed for the construction of a new science centre, with construction due to begin early 2010; the centre was completed in November 2010. In 2011 there was a large project which included, but was not limited to, a new library, dining room and another refurbished dining room. Sharnbrook Upper School Media Department offers students the role of studio hands in the "Broadcast Team".
The group is responsible for the running of the school broadcast system, which replaces the traditional whole school assembly. The broadcast is filmed, live, in a special television studio and gallery, situated in the heart of the media department. Sharnbrook is a Training School, a Partnership Promotion School, a Beacon School and has received the Artsmark Gold and Sportsmark awards from the Arts Council England and Sport England, respectively. Sharnbrook was granted specialist school status as a media Arts College. On 1 February 2011, Sharnbrook Upper School formally gained academy status; the school day ends at 3.15 pm. The 2015/16 academic year saw the introduction of a reduced Tuesday to allow teachers to cope with changing specifications; the catchment area for Sharnbrook Upper School includes the parishes of Bletsoe and Keysoe, Carlton and Chellington, Clapham and Shelton, Felmersham and Radwell, Harrold and Souldrop, Little Staughton and Yielden, Stevington, Milton Ernest, Odell, Pertenhall, Podington and Farndish, Turvey, Riseley and Wymington.
Sharnbrook Upper School, along with its feeder middle and lower schools, form part of the North Bedfordshire Schools Trust. 7 of the schools were awarded school trust statuses in April 2007, with further schools in the Sharnbrook catchment were awarded trust status in 2008. The schools in bold are middle schools, whose pupils move to Sharnbrook after Year 8. Underneath each feeder middle school are the lower schools that feed them; this pyramid of schools constitutes NBST of Bedford LEA. Margaret Beaufort Middle School, Riseley Eileen Wade Lower School, Upper Dean John Gibbard Lower School, Sharnbrook Kymbrook Lower School, Keysoe Riseley Lower School, Riseley Thurleigh Lower School, Thurleigh Harrold Priory Middle School, Harrold Carlton Lower School, Carlton Christopher Reeves VA Lower School, Podington Harrold Lower School, Harrold St Lawrence Lower School, Wymington Turvey Lower School, Turvey Lincroft Middle School, Oakley Bromham Lower School, Bromham Milton Ernest Lower School, Milton Ernest Pinchmill Lower School, Felmersham Oakley Lower School, Oakley Ursula Taylor Lower School, Clapham Jack Collison, Footballer Jane Elliott and academic Oliver Gavin, Corvette Racing Driver Cal Henderson, software architect and web developer Matt Jackson, professional fo
Milton Ernest Hall
Milton Ernest Hall is a large grade I listed country house in the village of Milton Ernest, England. It now serves as a nursing home, it was built in 1853–58 for Benjamin Helps Starey on the site of a decaying earlier house by church architect William Butterfield. Constructed in limestone in a Gothic Revival style, the main block is L-shaped with projecting gables and a high, steep roof containing several dormer windows; the property passed through several hands before being sold in 1906 to Lord Ampthill. During the First World War the hall became the home of two of the sons of King George V. After the war it was restored to the Starey family. During the Second World War the hall was used as a base for Special Operations Executive, a small grass landing strip being laid in the grounds. In 1944 it became the United States Eighth Air Force's support command headquarters. A plaque at the Hall honours the members of the United States Eighth Air Force who were stationed there; the plaque reads: IN MEMORY OF ALL THE PERSONNEL WHO SERVED IN WORLD WAR II AT MILTON ERNEST HALL HEADQUARTERS USAAF EIGHTH AIR FORCE SERVICE COMMAND STATION 608 1943-1946, ALSO MAJOR GLENN MILLER & THE BAND OF THE ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE WHO WERE STATIONED HERE FROM JULY TO DECEMBER 1944 After the US Air Force vacated the Hall, it remained empty until 1968, when Ludwik Dobrzański purchased the property along with the surrounding grounds for £15,000.
The family lived at the Hall until it was sold in 1971. In 1984 the hall was converted to a nursing home. In the fields adjoining is a grade II listed brick and tile hexagonal dove-cote
Bromham is a village and civil parish in Bedfordshire, west of the town of Bedford. It is within commuting distance of London via Bedford railway station. Bromham is the enclosed meadow on which the broom or the dyers' weed grew. If so, the cultivation of much more than a thousand years since the name was given, has eradicated these plants. Another theory as to the origin of the village's name is Bruna's homestead and was first recorded as Bruneham in the Domesday Book of 1086. Other variants including Bruham, Bramham, Brunham, Brynham, Bronham, Broam and Burnham; the modern spelling is first recorded in 1227. The land formed part of the Barony of Bedford held by the Beauchamps. After the Battle of Evesham, in which John de Beauchamp fell fighting on the side of the barons, the manor was held for a time by Prince Edward, but afterward divided among the Beauchamp female heirs. Bromham afterward passed successively into the hands of the Mowbrays, the Latimers, the Nevilles, the Passelowes, the Wildes and the Dyves.
Early in the 18th century, the manor was bought by Sir Thomas Trevor, afterward created Lord Trevor, whose mother was a daughter of John Hampden, the patriot. Three of his sons succeeded to the title. One of them – the third Lord Trevor – married Sir Richard Steele's daughter; the Trevors became connected through marriage with the Rice family and at the death of the late Miss Rice Trevor the estate passed to the Wingfields. It has a number of notable features including a flour watermill, a church, St Owen's, a medieval bridge over the River Great Ouse that, until 1986, carried the main A428 road over the river on 26 arches; the watermill is referred to in the Domesday Book of 1086 and the Vikings navigated the Great Ouse a long time ago. The mill was extensively restored in 1980 by Warwickshire millwrights Gormley and Goodman to the extent that it was able to grind wheat for flour again for the first time that year since it ceased work in 1939. Alterations to the weir below the mill's leat shortly afterwards caused a reduction to the height of the head-race, resulting in poorer performance from the mill's impulse water-wheel.
The Church of St Owen is located in the village. The parish is for the greater part enclosed in a bend in the Great Ouse, it touches the parishes of Oakley, Kempston, Stevington and at its western point, Turvey, it is to the west of Bedford. St Owen's Church website Village website Bromham Mill Bromham section of the Victoria County History of Bedfordshire online Bromham Baptist Church website
Fire services in the United Kingdom
The fire services in the United Kingdom operate under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland. Emergency cover is provided by over fifty agencies; these are known as a fire and rescue service, the term used in modern legislation and by government departments. The older terms of fire brigade and fire service survive in informal usage and in the names of a few organisations. England and Wales have local fire services which are each overseen by a fire authority, made up of representatives of local governments. Fire authorities have the power to raise a Council Tax levy for funding, with the remainder coming from the government. Scotland and Northern Ireland have centralised fire services, so their authorities are committees of the devolved parliaments; the total budget for fire services in 2014-15 was £2.9 billion. Central government maintains national standards and a body of independent advisers through the Chief Fire and Rescue Adviser, created in 2007, while Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services provides direct oversight.
The devolved government in Scotland has HMFSI Scotland. Firefighters in the United Kingdom are allowed to join unions, the main one being the Fire Brigades Union, while chief fire officers are members of the National Fire Chiefs Council, which has some role in national co-ordination; the fire services have undergone significant changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process, propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational procedures in the light of terrorism attacks and threats. See separate article History of fire safety legislation in the United Kingdom Comprehensive list of recent UK fire and rescue service legislation: Fire services are established and granted their powers under new legislation which has replaced a number of Acts of Parliament dating back more than 60 years, but is still undergoing change. 1938: Fire Brigades Act 1938. This Act provided for centralised co-ordination of fire brigades in Great Britain and made it mandatory for local authorities to arrange an effective fire service.
1947: Fire Services Act 1947 This Act transferred the functions of the National Fire Service to local authorities. Now repealed in England and Wales by Schedule 2 of the Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004. 1959: Fire Services Act 1959 This Act amended the 1947 Act. It was repealed in Wales along with the 1947 Act. 1999: Greater London Authority Act 1999 This act was necessary to allow for the formation of the Greater London Authority and in turn the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority. In 2002, there was a series of national fire strikes, with much of the discontent caused by the aforementioned report into the fire service conducted by Prof Sir George Bain. In December 2002, the Independent Review of the Fire Service was published with the industrial action still ongoing. Bain's report led to a change in the laws relating to firefighting. 2002: Independent Review of the Fire Service published 2004: Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004 only applying to England and Wales. 2006: The Regulatory Reform Order 2005 This piece of secondary legislation or statutory instrument replaces several other acts that dealt with fire precautions and fire safety in premises, including the now defunct process of issuing fire certificates.
It came into force on 1 October 2006. The DfCLG has published a set of guides for non-domestic premises: 2006: The Government of Wales Act 2006 gave the National Assembly for Wales powers to pass laws on "Fire and rescue services. Promotion of fire safety otherwise than by prohibition or regulation." But does not prevent future legislation being passed by the UK government which applies to two or more constituent countries. There are further plans to modernise the fire service according to the Local Government Association, its website outlines future changes, specific projects: "The aim of the Fire Modernisation Programme is to adopt modern work practices within the Fire & Rescue Service to become more efficient and effective, while strengthening the contingency and resilience of the Service to react to incidents. " The fire service in England and Wales is scrutinised by a House of Commons select committee. In June 2006, the fire and rescue service select committee, under the auspices of the Communities and Local Government Committee, published its latest report.
Committee report The committee's brief is described on its website: The Communities and Local Government Committee is appointed by the House of Commons to examine the expenditure and policy of the Department for Communities and Local Government and its associated bodies. Government response This document, the subsequent government response in September 2006, are important as they outlined progress on the FiReControl, efforts to address diversity and the planned closure of HMFSI in 2007 among many issues. Both documents are interesting as they refer back to Professor Bain's report and the many recommendations it made and continue to put forward the notion that there is an ongoing need to modernise FRSs. For example, where FRSs were inspected by HMFSI, much of this work is now carried out by the National Audit Office. Fire Control On 8 February 2010 the House of Commons Communities and Local Governm
Borough of Bedford
Bedford is a unitary authority area with borough status in the ceremonial county of Bedfordshire, England. Its council is based at the county town of Bedfordshire; the borough contains one large urban area, the 71st largest in the United Kingdom that comprises Bedford and the adjacent town of Kempston, surrounded by a rural area with many villages. 75% of the borough's population live in the Bedford Urban Area and the five large villages which surround it, which makes up less than 6% of the total land area of the Borough. The borough is the location of the Wixams new town development, which received its first residents in 2009; the District of Bedford was formed on 1 April 1974 as a merger of the existing borough of Bedford, along with Kempston urban district and Bedford Rural District. In 1975 the district was granted a royal charter granting borough status as North Bedfordshire; the borough was renamed as Borough of Bedford in 1992. Over half of the former municipal borough of Bedford is unparished.
However, Brickhill is a parish, Queens Park as well as Cauldwell & Kingsbrook elect their own urban community councils, which have similar functions to parish councils. The rest of the district including Kempston is parished; the Department for Communities and Local Government have reorganised Bedfordshire's administrative structure as part of the 2009 structural changes to local government in England, meaning that Bedford Borough Council became a unitary authority in April 2009. This means Bedford Borough has assumed responsibility in areas such as education, social services and transport which were provided by Bedfordshire County Council. Unlike most English districts, Bedford's council is led by a directly elected mayor of Bedford, Dave Hodgson since 16 October 2009; the first elections for the new unitary Bedford Borough Council were held on 4 June 2009 when 36 councillors in addition to the mayor were elected. Since an electoral review which came into effect for the local elections in 2011, Bedford Borough has had 40 councillors in addition to the mayor.
Since the 2011 elections, Bedford Borough Council’s executive committee is headed by the mayor and includes 9 members from the Liberal Democrat, Labour and Independent groups, only one Independent Member sits in opposition. From 2009 to 2011, Independents were included in the executive committee, while Conservative members sat in opposition on the council; the urban part of the borough consisting of most of the Bedford/Kempston Urban Area is divided into 13 wards, some of which are civil parishes: The wards and constituent civil parishes in the rural part of the borough are as follows: List of places in Bedfordshire St Paul's Church, Bedford Bedford Borough Website
Eighth Air Force
The Eighth Air Force is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force's Air Force Global Strike Command. It is headquartered at Louisiana; the command serves as Air Forces Strategic – Global Strike, one of the air components of United States Strategic Command. The Eighth Air Force includes the heart of America's heavy bomber force: the B-2 Spirit stealth bomber, the B-1 Lancer supersonic bomber, the B-52 Stratofortress heavy bomber aircraft. Established on 22 February 1944 by the redesignation of VIII Bomber Command at RAF Daws Hill in High Wycombe, the Eighth Army Air Force was a United States Army Air Forces combat air force in the European Theater of World War II, engaging in operations in the Northern Europe AOR, it was the largest of the deployed combat Army Air Forces in numbers of personnel and equipment. During the Cold War, 8 AF was one of three Numbered Air Forces of the United States Air Force's Strategic Air Command, with a three-star general headquartered at Westover AFB, Massachusetts commanding USAF strategic bombers and missiles on a global scale.
Elements of 8 AF engaged in combat operations during the Korean War. Eighth Air Force is one of two active duty numbered air forces in Air Force Global Strike Command. Eighth Air Force, with headquarters at Barksdale AFB, in the Bossier City – Shreveport, metro area, supports U. S. Strategic Command, is designated as U. S. Strategic Command's Task Force 204, providing combat-ready forces to the president; the mission of "The Mighty Eighth" is to safeguard America's interests through strategic deterrence and global combat power. Eighth Air Force controls long-range nuclear-capable bomber assets throughout the United States and overseas locations, its flexible and nuclear deterrence mission provides the capability to deploy forces and engage enemy threats from home station or forward positioned, any time. The 8th Air Force motto is "Peace Through Strength." The Eighth Air Force team consists of more than 16,000 Regular Air Force, Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve professionals operating and maintaining a variety of aircraft capable of deploying air power to any area of the world.
This air power includes the heart of America's heavy bomber force, deploying the B-1 Lancer, B-2 Spirit and the B-52 Stratofortress. The Mighty Eighth's B-52 force consists of 76 bombers assigned to two active duty wings, the 2d Bomb Wing at Barksdale AFB, Louisiana and the 5th Bomb Wing at Minot AFB, North Dakota, one reserve wing, the 307th Bomb Wing at Barksdale AFB, Louisiana; the B-2 force consists of 20 bombers assigned to the active duty 509th Bomb Wing along with the Missouri Air National Guard's associate 131st Bomb Wing at Whiteman AFB, Missouri. The B-1 force consists of 62 bombers assigned to the active duty 7th Bomb Wing at Dyess AFB, Texas and the 28th Bomb Wing at Ellsworth AFB, South Dakota; the 131st Bomb Wing is operationally-gained by AFGSC and 8 AF from the Air National Guard, while the 307th Bomb Wing is operationally-gained from Air Force Reserve Command and 10th Air Force. Major General James Dawkins Jr. was named Commander of 8th Air Force on August 20, 2018, after having served as the Deputy Director for Nuclear, Homeland Defense, Current Operations on the Joint Staff at the Pentagon, Washington, D.
C. For additional history and lineage, see United States Air Forces in EuropeThe history of Eighth Air Force begins on 2 January 1942 with its activation at Savannah Army Air Base, Georgia. In quick order, on 5 January, Major General Carl Spaatz assumed command of HQ Eighth Air Force at Bolling Field, Washington, DC. On 8 January the order activating the "U. S. Air Forces in the British Isles" was announced. On 12 May, the first contingent of USAAF personnel arrived in England to join the Eighth Air Force. On 15 June, Spaatz arrived in England to establish the Headquarters of Eighth Air Force at Bushy Park, 15 miles WSW of London. Eighth Air Force was the command and control organization over its operational components: VIII Bomber Command Strategic bombardment using heavy, 4-engined bombers. VIII Fighter Command Provide fighter escort of heavy bombersVIII Air Support Command Provide reconnaissance, troop transport, tactical bombardment using twin-engine medium bombers. VIII Air Service Command Service and logistical support.
VIII Bomber Command was activated at Langley Field, Virginia, It was reassigned to Savannah Air Base, Georgia on 10 February 1942. An advanced detachment of VIII Bomber Command was established at RAF Bomber Command Headquarters at RAF Daws Hill England on 23 February in preparation for its units to arrive in the United Kingdom from the United States; the first combat group of VIII Bomber Command to arrive in the United Kingdom was the ground echelon of the 97th Bombardment Group, which arrived at RAF Polebrook on 9 June 1942. Regular combat operations by the VIII Bomber Command began on 17 August 1942, when the 97th Bombardment Group flew 12 B-17Es on the first VIII Bomber Command heavy bomber mission of the war from RAF Polebrook, attacking the Rouen-Sotteville marshalling yards in France. During World War II, the offensive air forces of the United States Army A
Bletsoe is a village and civil parish in Bedfordshire, England. It is on the A6, about eight miles north of Bedford; the village has the former site of Bletsoe Castle and a church. Nearby places are Sharnbrook, Milton Ernest, Thurleigh, Odell and Swineshead; the nearest town to Bletsoe is Rushden, over the border in Northamptonshire. The small hamlet of Bourne End is part of the civil parish. In 1086, Bletsoe parish was within the ancient hundred of Buckelowe; the parish was added to the Hundred of Willey. Bletsoe Castle was the birthplace of Margaret Beaufort, she was the mother of Henry VII and grandmother of Henry VIII. Bletsoe pages at the Bedfordshire and Luton Archives and Records Service