Fantine is a fictional character in Victor Hugo's 1862 novel Les Misérables. She is a young orphaned grisette in Paris. After he abandons her, she is forced to look after Cosette, on her own. A pretty and naïve girl, Fantine is forced by circumstances to become a prostitute, selling her hair and front teeth, losing her beauty and health; the money she earns is sent to support her daughter. Fantine became an archetype of devoted motherhood. Due to her status as an orphan, Hugo never labels her with a surname, she has been portrayed by many actresses in stage and screen versions of the story and has been depicted in works of art. Hugo introduces Fantine as one of four beautiful girls attached to wealthy students. "She was called Fantine because she had never been known by any other name..." Hugo describes her as having, "gold and pearls for her dowry. He elaborates: "Fantine was beautiful, without being too conscious of it.... She was beautiful in the two ways -- rhythm. Style is the form of the ideal, rhythm is its movement."
Fantine is passionately in love with one of a quartet of students. One day, the four men invite their four lovers on an outing, they finish the day at a restaurant, only for the women to be abandoned by the men with a goodbye note. While the other three girls take it in good humor and laugh it off, Fantine feels heartbroken. Tholomyès had fathered their illegitimate daughter Cosette, Fantine is left to care for her alone. By the time Cosette is three, Fantine arrives at Montfermeil and meets the Thénardiers who are owners of an inn, she asks them to care for Cosette. They agree to do. Fantine's only will to live is keeping Cosette alive, she becomes a worker in Mayor Madeleine's factory in her hometown of Montreuil-sur-Mer, has a public letter-writer compose her letters to the Thénardiers for her because she is illiterate. However, she is unaware that the Thénardiers abuse Cosette and have forced her to be a slave for their inn, she is unaware that the letters they send to her requesting financial help for Cosette are their own fraudulent way to extort money from her for themselves.
Fantine is fired by a meddlesome supervisor, Madame Victurnien, without the knowledge of the mayor, when she finds out that Fantine is an unwed mother. Fantine begins earning twelve sous a day while Cosette's lodging costs ten, her overworking causes her to become sick with a fever. She rarely goes out, fearing the disgrace she would face from the townspeople; the Thénardiers send a letter stating they need ten francs so they can "buy" a woolen skirt for Cosette. To buy the skirt herself, Fantine sold, she says to herself "My child is no longer cold, I have clothed her with my hair." However, she soon begins to despise the mayor for her misfortunes. She takes on a lover, only for him to beat her and abandon her; the Thénardiers send another letter saying they need forty francs to buy medicine for Cosette who has become "ill." Desperate for the money, Fantine sells them. Meanwhile, Fantine's health and her own lodging debts worsen while the Thénardiers' letters continue to grow and their financial demands become more costly.
In order to continue to earn money for Cosette, Fantine becomes a prostitute. During a January evening, a dandy called Bamatabois heckles her and shoves snow down the back of her dress when she ignores him. Fantine ferociously attacks him. Javert, the town's police inspector arrests her while Bamatabois sneaks away, she begs to be let go. Valjean arrives to help Fantine. Dismissing the act, Valjean orders Javert to free Fantine. Valjean comes to find out the reasons why she attacked Bamatabois, he feels sorry for the innocent Fantine and Cosette, tells her that he will retrieve Cosette for her. He sends Fantine to the hospital. After Valjean reveals his true identity at Champmathieu's trial, he goes back to see Fantine at the hospital, she asks about Cosette, the doctor lies to her saying that Cosette is at the hospital but cannot see Fantine until her health improves. She is appeased by this, mistakenly thinks that she hears Cosette laughing and singing, she and Valjean see Javert at the door. Valjean tries to ask Javert for three days to obtain Cosette, but he loudly refuses.
Fantine frantically asks where she is. Javert impatiently yells at Fantine to be silent, additionally, tells her Valjean's true identity. Shocked by these revelations, she falls back on her bed and dies. Valjean walks to Fantine, whispers to her and kisses her hand. After Valjean is taken into custody, Fantine's body is unceremoniously thrown into a public grave. On, after escaping imprisonment, Valjean rescues Cosette and raises her on Fantine's behalf. Fantine has been interpreted as a holy prostitute figure who becomes a quintessential mother by sacrificing her own body and dignity for the purpose of securing the life of her child, she is an example of what has been called "the cliché of the saved and saintly prostitute that pervades nineteenth-century fiction", found in the writings of Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Leo Tolstoy and Charles
Sarah Brightman is an English classical crossover soprano, songwriter, actress and musician. Brightman has sung in many languages including English, French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and Catalan. Brightman began her career as a member of the dance troupe Hot Gossip and released several disco singles as a solo performer. In 1981, she made her West End musical theatre debut in Cats and met composer Andrew Lloyd Webber, whom she married, she went on to star in several West End and Broadway musicals, including The Phantom of the Opera, where she originated the role of Christine Daaé. Her original London cast album of Phantom was released in CD format in 1987 and sold 40 million copies worldwide, making it the biggest-selling cast album ever. After retiring from the stage and divorcing Lloyd Webber, Brightman resumed her music career with former Enigma producer Frank Peterson, this time as a classical crossover artist, she has been credited as the creator and remains among the most prominent performers of this genre, with worldwide sales of more than 35 million albums and two million DVDs, establishing herself as the world's best-selling soprano.
Brightman's 1996 duet with the Italian tenor Andrea Bocelli, "Time to Say Goodbye", topped the charts all over Europe and became the highest and fastest-selling single of all-time in Germany, where it stayed at the top of the charts for 14 consecutive weeks and sold over three million copies. It subsequently became an international success, selling 12 million copies worldwide, making it one of the best-selling singles of all-time, she has collected over 180 platinum record awards in 38 different countries. In 2010, she was named by Billboard the fifth most influential and best-selling classical artist of the 2000s decade in the US and according to Nielsen SoundScan, she has sold 6.5 million albums in the country. Brightman is the first artist to have been invited twice to perform the theme song at the Olympic Games, first at the 1992 Barcelona Olympic Games where she sang "Amigos Para Siempre" with the Spanish tenor José Carreras with an estimated global audience of a billion people, 16 years in 2008 in Beijing, this time with Chinese singer Liu Huan, performing the song "You and Me" to an estimated four billion people worldwide.
In 2012, Brightman was appointed as the UNESCO Artist for Peace for the period 2012–2014, for her "commitment to humanitarian and charitable causes, her contribution, throughout her artistic career, to the promotion of cultural dialogue and the exchanges among cultures, her dedication to the ideals and aims of the Organization". Since 2010, Brightman has been Panasonic's global brand ambassador. In 2014, she began training for a journey to the International Space Station postponed until further notice, citing personal reasons. Brightman was awarded the decoration'Cavaliere' in the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic on 2 June 2016 and a Honorary Doctorate from the University of Hertfordshire in 2018, in recognition of her outstanding contributions to music and theater. Brightman is the eldest of six children of businessman Grenville Geoffrey Brightman and Paula Brightman, née Hall, her younger siblings are Nicola, Jay and Amelia. She was raised in Little Gaddesden near Berkhamsted, England.
At the age of three she began taking piano classes. She went on to perform in local festivals and competitions. At age 11, she auditioned for the Tring Park School for the Performing Arts, a school specialising in performing arts, she received her education at Elmhurst Ballet School, the Arts Educational School in Chiswick, West London, the Royal College of Music. In 1973, at the age of 13, Brightman made her theatrical debut in the musical I and Albert at the Piccadilly Theatre, playing one of Queen Victoria's daughters. In 1976 she was recruited into Arlene Phillips' troupe Hot Gossip in 1977; the group had a disco hit in 1978 with "I Lost My Heart to a Starship Trooper", which sold half a million and reached number six on the UK charts. She was briefly with Pan's People after they parted with their host show Top of the Pops in 1976. Brightman, now solo, released more disco singles under her own label, Whisper Records, such as "Not Having That!" and a cover of the song "My Boyfriend's Back".
In 1979, Brightman appeared on the soundtrack of the film "The World Is Full of Married Men" and sang the song "Madam Hyde". In 1981, Brightman auditioned for the new musical Cats, by composer Andrew Lloyd Webber, was cast as Jemima. After a year in Cats, Brightman took over from Bonnie Langford as Kate in The Pirates of Penzance at the Drury Lane Theatre and appeared as Tara Treetops in Masquerade, a musical based on Kit Williams's book of the same title. In that year she left to play the title role in Nightingale. Enticed by a rave review, Webber went to watch her in the show one evening and was impressed by her performance. Though she had appeared in his musical Cats, Webber had not singled Brightman out as a great talent; the two married in 1984, Brightman appeared in Lloyd Webber's subsequent musicals including The Phantom of the Opera and Song and Dance, as well as the mass Requiem, written and composed for Lloyd Webber's father. In 1985, Brightman's recording of "Pie Jesu" was a strong commercial success, selling 25,000 copies on the first day of release and peaking at number 3, despite the lyrics being in Latin.
With classical music permeating the Lloyd Webber household, Lloyd Webber was moved to write the Requiem Mass as a tribute to his father. Its Manhattan premier
Yukiko Okada was a Japanese idol and winner of the talent show Star Tanjō! in Tokyo, Japan. Okada was born on the second daughter of the Satō family; the family moved to Nagoya. In elementary school, Okada loved to read comic books, she was a talented artist. In junior high school, Okada wanted to become a singer and applied for every possible audition, anything from major productions to the smallest talent recruitment, hoping to become a star, she was rejected every time until she was accepted to a TV talent program, Star Tanjō! on Nippon Television – similar to Star Search - which she won in March 1983. On April 21, 1984, Okada released her first single, "First Date", she was known as "Yukko", a common abbreviation for the name "Yukiko" in the Japanese language. That year, Okada won Rookie of the Year, was awarded the 26th Japan Record Awards Grand Prix Best New Artist Award for her third single, "-Dreaming Girl- Koi, Hajimemashite". Okada played the leading role in her first television drama Kinjirareta Mariko, in 1985.
Her 1986 single "Kuchibiru Network", written by Seiko Matsuda and composed by Ryuichi Sakamoto, reached number one on the Oricon weekly singles chart dated February 10, 1986. On April 8, 1986, Okada was found with a slashed wrist in her gas-filled Tokyo apartment, crouching in a closet and crying, she was discovered by a rescue team called in by the apartments manager after other residents noticed the smell of gas. Okada's manager arrived and took her to the nearby Kitano Aoyama Hospital, where her injuries were treated and was brought to the Sun Music Building. While Fudaka, the manager of the building and the staff were discussing how to avoid a media scandal, Okada ran up to the stairs, took off her shoes and jumped from the seven story building, resulting in instant death; the reason for the suicide is still unknown, though it's been speculated it was due to Okada wanting a relationship with Tōru Minegishi, who had rejected her. This is due to Okada saying "I thought of someone" when replying to why she tried to kill herself at her apartment and to her manager discovering notes written by Okada describing her longing to be with Minegishi.
Some of these notes ended with: "I wanted to see him again" and "My heart has nowhere else to go."Her fans were shocked and shattered from her untimely death. It resulted in many copycat suicides in Japan, soon christened with the neologism "Yukiko Syndrome". Okada was cremated and her remains were interred in a family vault at a Buddhist temple in Jomanji, Japan. "First Date" Glico's Cafe Jelly jingle "Little Princess" "Dreaming Girl-Koi, Hajimemashite" Glico's "Special Chocolate" jingle "Futari Dake no Ceremony" Toshiba's "Let's Chat" jingle "Summer Beach" Glico's Cafe Jelly jingle "Kanashii Yokan" "Love Fair" Glico's Cecil Chocolate jingle "Kuchibiru Network" Kanebo's lipstick commercial "Hana no Image" "Believe in You" Cinderella ) Okurimono Fairy Jyūgatsu no Ningyo Okurimono II Venus Tanjō Okurimono III All Songs Request Yukiko Okada on Myspace Yukiko Okada at Find a Grave
Crossover is a term applied to musical works or performers who appeal to different types of audience, for example by appearing on two or more of the record charts which track differing musical styles or genres. If the second chart combines genres, such as a "Hot 100" list, the work is not a crossover. In some contexts the term "crossover" can have negative connotations associated with cultural appropriation, implying the dilution of a music's distinctive qualities to appeal to mass tastes. For example, in the early years of rock and roll, many songs recorded by African-American musicians were re-recorded by white artists such as Pat Boone in a more toned-down style with changed lyrics, that lacked the hard edge of the original versions; these covers were popular with a much broader audience. In practice crossover results from the appearance of the music in question in a film soundtrack. For instance, Sacred Harp music experienced a spurt of crossover popularity as a result of its appearance in the 2003 film Cold Mountain, bluegrass music experienced a revival due to the reception of 2000's O Brother, Where Art Thou?.
Classical crossover broadly encompasses both classical music that has become popularized and a wide variety of popular music forms performed in a classical manner or by classical artists. It can refer to collaborations between classical and popular performers, as well as music that blends elements of classical music with popular music. Pop vocalists and musicians, opera singers, classical instrumentalists, rock groups perform classical crossover. Although the phenomenon was long common in the music world, the name "classical crossover" was coined by record companies in the 1980s, it has acquired its own Billboard chart. Particular works of classical music have become popular among individuals who listen to popular music, sometimes appearing on non-classical charts; some classical works that achieved crossover status in the twentieth century include the Canon in D by Johann Pachelbel, the Symphony No. 3 by Henryk Górecki, the second movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 21, K. 467. Such popularity has been assisted by the use of classical music in advertising campaigns.
For example, the long-running British Airways advertisements familiarised a large viewing public with the song Aria by New Age artist Yanni a piece itself based on a duet from the opera Lakmé, by Léo Delibes. Another means of generating vast popularity for the classics has been through their use as inspirational anthems in sports settings; the aria "Nessun Dorma" from Puccini's Turandot Luciano Pavarotti's version, has become indissolubly linked with soccer. Within the classical recording industry, the term "crossover" is applied to classical artists' recordings of popular repertoire such as Broadway show tunes. Two examples of this are Lesley Garrett's excursions into musical comedy and José Carreras's recording West Side Story, as well as Teresa Stratas' recording Showboat. Soprano Eileen Farrell is considered to be one of the first classical singers to have a successful crossover recording with her 1960 album I've Got a Right to Sing the Blues. A popular pioneering figure in classical crossover was classically trained tenor and film star Mario Lanza, although the term "crossover" did not yet exist at the time of his greatest popularity in the 1950s.
Signed to RCA Victor as an artist on its premium Red Seal label, Lanza's albums appealed to more than just classical music audiences. His recording of "Be My Love" from his second film, The Toast of New Orleans, hit Number One on the Billboard pop singles chart in February 1951 and sold more than two million copies, a feat no classical artist before or since has achieved. Lanza recorded two other million-selling singles that made Billboard's top ten, "The Loveliest Night of the Year" and "Because You're Mine". Five of Lanza's albums hit Number One on Billboard's pop album chart between 1951 and 1955; the Great Caruso was the first and to date is the only recording composed of operatic arias to reach Number One on the U. S. pop album charts. The Student Prince, released in 1954, was Number One for 42 weeks. Arguably another early pioneer of crossover was the twentieth century composer Kurt Weill. A writer of avant garde serious music, his collaborations with playwright Bertolt Brecht on projects such as The Threepenny Opera gave an early indication of his interest in writing in an accessible, popular musical style.
This trend in his work came to full fruition in life in the United States, where he switched to writing the scores for Broadway musicals such as Knickerbocker Holiday and One Touch of Venus. Some of the hits from those shows, such as September Song and Speak Low, are better remembered than the musicals from which they came; the first Three Tenors concert in 1990 was a landmark in which Luciano Pavarotti, José Carreras and Plácido Domingo brought a combination of opera, Neapolitan folksong, musical theatre and pop to a vast television audience. This laid the foundations for the modern flourishing of classical crossover; the aspiration of classical singers to appeal to a wide pop audience is exemplified by the career of Rhydian. Classically trained, Rhydian appeared in the UK version of the pop talent show X Factor, his four albums and subsequent appearances have straddled pop, musical theatre and religious television fields. This applies to classically trained instrumentalists, such as Vanessa Mae, Escal
Minato is a special ward in Tokyo, Japan. It is called Minato City in English, it was formed in 1947 as a merger of Akasaka and Shiba wards following Tokyo City's transformation into Tokyo Metropolis. The modern Minato ward exhibits the contrasting Shitamachi and Yamanote geographical and cultural division; the Shinbashi neighborhood in the ward's northeastern corner is attached to the core of Shitamachi, the original commercial center of Edo-Tokyo. On the other hand, the Azabu and Akasaka areas are representative Yamanote districts; as of 1 July 2015, it has an official population of 243,094, a population density of 10,850 persons per km2. The total area is 20.37 km2. Minato hosts a large number of embassies, it is home to various domestic companies, including Honda, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation, NEC, Sony and Toshiba, as well as the Japanese headquarters of a number of multi-national firms, including Google and Goldman Sachs. Minato is located southwest of the Imperial Palace and has boundaries with the special wards of Chiyoda, Chūō, Kōtō, Shinagawa and Shinjuku.
The ward was founded on 15 March 1947 with the merger of Akasaka and Shiba Wards. The name minato means "harbour". Minato is governed by Mayor Masaaki Takei, an Independent supported by all major parties except the Japanese Communist Party; the city legislative assembly is dominated by the Liberal Democratic Party. Minato mayoral election, 2008 Jikei University School of Medicine Nishi Shinbashi campus Kanazawa Institute of Technology Graduate school. Mita Junior High School opened in 2001 after the merger of Minato Junior High School and Shibahama Junior High School; the local public high schools are operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education. Akasaka High School Mita High School Roppongi High School Shiba Commercial High School There are a variety of private schools, including: Keio Girls Senior High School Keiō Chutobu Junior High School Shiba Junior and Senior High School Azabu Junior and Senior High School Friends School, a Quaker school established in 1887. Meiji Gakuin Senior High School in Shirokane Russian Embassy School in Tokyo in Azabudai The city operates the Minato Library, the Mita Library, the Azabu Library, the Akasaka Library, the Takanawa Library, the Konan Library.
The metropolis operates the Tokyo Metropolitan Library Central Library in Minato. The library opened in 1973. Companies with headquarters in Minato include Air Nippon, All Nippon Airways, ANA & JP Express, All Nippon Airways Trading, Asmik Ace Entertainment, Cosmo Oil Company, Daicel,Dentsu, Fuji Xerox, Haseko, Hazama Ando, Japan Tobacco, Kaneka Corporation, Konami, KYB Corporation, Kyodo News, Mitsubishi Motors, Mitsui Chemicals, Mitsui O. S. K. Lines, Mitsui Oil Exploration Company, NEC, Nippon Sheet Glass, NYK Line, Obayashi Corporation, Oki Electric Industry, Pizza-La, The Pokémon Company, Toraya Confectionery, Sato Pharmaceutical, Sega Sammy Holdings, Sigma Seven, Sony, SUMCO, Toraya Confectionery, Toyo Suisan, TV Tokyo, WOWOW, Yazaki. In addition ANA subsidiary Air Japan has some offices in Minato; the Japanese division of CB&I, the Japanese division of Aramark and Aim Services, Google Japan, Yahoo! Japan, the main Japanese offices of Hanjin and Korean Air are located there. Air France operates an office and ticketing counter in the New Aoyama Building in Minato.
The Japanese division of Deutsche Post, DHL. Air France's Minato office handles Aircalin-related inquiries. Air China has operations in the Air China Building in Minato. Asiana Airlines operates a sales office on the sixth floor of the ATT New Tower Building. Hawaiian Airlines has its Japan offices in the Eagle Hamamatsuchō Building in Minato. Iran Air has its Tokyo office in Akasaka. Japanese companies that had headquarters in Minato include Air Next, Asatsu, Jaleco Holding, Toa Domestic Airlines,On 22 December 2008 operations of Seiko Epson's Tokyo sales office began at Seiko Epson's Hino Office in Hino, Tokyo. Operations were at the World Trade Centre in Minato. Several countries operate their embassies in Minato. Kiribati Mauritius North Macedonia Tuvalu Akasaka: A large residential and commercial area in northern Minato which includes the Akasaka Palace and surrounding gardens, TBS radio and television studios, Ark Hills complex, National Art Center, the embassy of the United States. Aoyama: Home to Aoyama Cemetery, one of Tokyo's largest graveyards, the Chichibunomiya Rugby Stadium.
Atago Shrine, the highest point in all 23 wards of Tokyo. Azabu: One of Tokyo's more upscale residential areas, home to many embassies. Fushimi Sanpō Inari Jinja: A Shinto shrine in Shiba 3-chōme. Hamamatsuchō: Hamamatsucho Station is the terminal for the Tokyo Monorail to Haneda Airport. Mita: Home to Keio University and a large number of small Buddhist temples; the National Art Center, Tokyo is a museum that opened in 2007. Odaiba: One of Tokyo's most popular entertainment areas, featuring the Fuji TV studios, Palette Town sho
Les Misérables (musical)
Les Misérables, colloquially known in English-speaking countries as Les Mis, is a sung-through musical based on the 1862 novel of the same name by French poet and novelist Victor Hugo. The musical premiered in Paris in 1980, has music by Claude-Michel Schönberg and original French-language lyrics by Alain Boublil and Jean-Marc Natel. An English-language libretto was written by Herbert Kretzmer; the London production has run continuously since October 1985, making it the longest-running musical in the West End and the second longest-running musical in the world after the original Off-Broadway run of The Fantasticks. Set in early 19th-century France, Les Misérables is the story of Jean Valjean, a French peasant, his desire for redemption after serving nineteen years in jail for having stolen a loaf of bread for his sister's starving child. Valjean decides to break his parole and start his life anew after a bishop inspires him by a tremendous act of mercy, but he is relentlessly tracked down by a police inspector named Javert.
Transformed by the bishop's generosity, Valjean's restored humanity moves him to adopt the orphaned girl Cosette and makes a vow to her dying mother that he will protect her with his life. Still pursued by Javert, he must lead a cautious life in Paris. Along the way, Valjean and a slew of characters are swept into a revolutionary period in France, where a group of young idealists attempt to overthrow the government at a street barricade. Les Misérables was released as a French-language concept album, the first musical-stage adaptation of Les Misérables was presented at the Palais des Sports in 1980. However, the production closed after three months due to that expiry of the booking contract. In 1983, about six months after producer Cameron Mackintosh had opened Cats on Broadway, he received a copy of the French concept album from director Peter Farago. Farago had been impressed by the work and asked Mackintosh to produce an English-language version of the show. Reluctant, Mackintosh agreed. Mackintosh, in conjunction with the Royal Shakespeare Company, assembled a production team to adapt the French musical for a British audience.
After two years in development, the English-language version opened in London on 8 October 1985, by the Royal Shakespeare Company at the Barbican Centre the London home of the RSC. The success of the West End musical led to a Broadway production. Critical reviews for Les Misérables were negative. At the opening of the London production, The Sunday Telegraph's Francis King described the musical as "a lurid Victorian melodrama produced with Victorian lavishness" and Michael Ratcliffe of The Observer considered the show "a witless and synthetic entertainment", while literary scholars condemned the project for converting classic literature into a musical. Public opinion differed: the box office received record orders; the three-month engagement sold out, reviews improved. The London production has run continuously since October 1985, making it the second longest-running musical in the world after The Fantasticks, the second longest-running West End show after The Mousetrap, the longest-running musical in the West End.
In 2010, it played its ten-thousandth performance at Queen's Theatre. On 3 October 2010, the show celebrated its 25th anniversary with three productions running in London: the original production at the Queen's Theatre; the Broadway production opened 12 March 1987 and ran until 18 May 2003, closing after 6,680 performances. It was the second-longest at the time; the show was nominated for 12 Tony Awards and won eight, including Best Musical and Best Original Score. Subsequently, numerous tours and international and regional productions have been staged, as well as concert and broadcast productions. Several recordings have been made. A Broadway revival opened in 2006 at the Broadhurst Theatre and closed in 2008, a second Broadway revival opened in 2014 at the Imperial Theatre and closed in September 2016; the show was placed first in a BBC Radio 2 listener poll of Britain's "Number One Essential Musicals" in 2005, receiving more than forty percent of the votes. A film version directed by Tom Hooper was released at the end of 2012 to positive reviews as well as numerous awards nominations, winning three Academy Awards, three Golden Globe Awards and four British Academy Film Awards.
The musical's emblem is a picture of the waif Cosette sweeping the Thénardiers' inn. It is cropped to a head-and-shoulders portrait, superimposed on the French flag; the image is based on an etching by Gustave Brion based on the drawing by Émile Bayard. It appeared in several of the novel's earliest French-language editions. In 1815 France, prisoners work at hard labour. After 19 years in prison, Jean Valjean, "prisoner 24601", is released on parole by the prison guard Javert. By law, Valjean must display a yellow ticket of leave; as a convict, Valjean is shunned wherever he goes and cannot find regular work with decent wages or lodging, but the Bishop of Digne offers him food and shelter. Desperate and embittered, Valjean steals the Bishop's silver and flees, he is captured by the police, but rather than turn him in, the Bishop lies and tells the police that the silver was a gift, giving Valjean a pair of silver candlesticks in addition
Ashita no Nadja
Ashita no Nadja, is a romance anime with 50 episodes of 24 minutes installments, produced by Toei Animation and aired between February 2, 2003 and January 25, 2004. In 2009, William Winckler Productions produced two all-new English-dubbed movie versions edited from the original series. Producer William Winckler, known for Tekkaman: The Space Knight, wrote and directed the English films, which are seen on broadband in Japan. A manga version, written by Izumi Todo and drawn by Yui Ayumi, was serialized by Kodansha in the manga magazine Nakayoshi from March 2003 to February 2004, collected in two bound volumes. Nadja is an orphan who lives in early 20th-century England. Nadja is called by the orphanage's owner, to receive a package delivered to her; the gifts sent for her thirteenth birthday are a diary. She is told in the accompanying letter, she joins a traveling street performance act called the Dandelion Troupe in search of her mother after a fire breaks out in her orphanage. She travels the world, finding many friends along the way that teach her things about herself having to learn the truth about her parentage and discovering her own destiny.
Nadja Applefield Voiced by: Ami KoshimizuNadja Applefield is a Franco-Austrian sunny, charming girl, with a talent for dancing and making friends wherever she goes. Though she is young, she shoulders responsibility quite well taking care of the younger children at the orphanage. On the other hand, she is impulsive to the point of foolhardiness and trusting, which leads others to take easy advantage of her and abuse her if the right buttons are pressed, her biggest dream is to someday be reunited with her mother. Halfway through the series she departs for England leaving Dandelion Troupe to look for witnesses, after finding out that the imposter was Rosemary. Early in the series, she meets the Harcourt twins and Keith, she feels attached to Francis and once mistook Keith for Francis. Halfway through the series, she seems to be falling in love with Keith, as Francis tells him though she doesn't confess or seems unaware of her true feelings, she is forced to choose between them romantically. Near the end of the series, she chooses Francis over Keith because she thought that he was the first person to help her.
Indeed, the first person to help her was Keith. Since she is confused about her feelings, she chooses Francis, but comes to realize the one that she loves is Keith. Francis is the one. At the end, she rejoined the Dandelion Troupe, it is hinted. Interestingly, she is popular among the males of the show, with Francis, Christian, Oliver, TJ, Fernando all developing crushes on her. Nadja was given to Miss Applefield to raise when she was a baby, her only possession at the time being an elaborated heart-shaped brooch. Nadja grew up at the orphanage believing; the gown was worn by Nadja's mother at her first ball, the diary was her mother's colorful description of all the people she met and danced with at that ball. Nadja is amazed by this gift, stunned to discover that her mother might be alive out there somewhere; when bad men arrive to steal the brooch away from Nadja, she leaves the Applefield orphanage and begins a career as a dancer with the travelling Dandelion Troupe. Her true date of birth is unknown by Nadja herself, but she claims it to be on March 25.
George Haskill Voiced by: Kazuya IchijoGeorge is vigorous and trusting. He is the unofficial head of the Dandelion Troupe and a good friend to Raphael, the free-spirited troubador. George is leader of the Dandelion Troupe. George is gruff and macho, he is superstitious and addicted to treasure hunting, cannot turn down maps offered to him. His treasure hunting passion has dragged the Troupe off course in their travels several times, it is unclear if his treasure hunting exploits have yielded treasure, but George is always keen on going after the next treasure on the horizon. Anna Petrova / Granny Voiced by: Hisako KyoudaA mysterious, kindly Russian old lady who makes extravagant hats or hair ornaments for dukes and nobles, she knitted a dress for Nadja as soon as she tried to join the troupe, it is that she is the primary source of income for the Dandelion Troupe, along with donations. Anna is a mysterious character: she is sort of a grandmotherly figure for everyone in the Troupe, yet none of them are sure just how old she is.
Anna sews all the costumes for the Troupe and she operates the phonograph mounted on the top of the car. She's very good at handling money, always getting discounts and lower prices. Anna has a side business of making fashionable hats for noblewomen, the Dandelion car must detour so Anna can deliver a hat to a buyer. In fact and Francis meet each other thanks to Anna delivering a hat for Francis' aunt, Emma