Eric Anthony Roberts is an American actor. His career began with a leading role in King of the Gypsies, for which he received his first Golden Globe Award nomination, he was again recognized by the Golden Globes for his interpretation of Paul Snider in Bob Fosse's Star 80. Roberts' performance in Runaway Train, as prison escapee Buck McGeehy, earned him a nomination for a third Golden Globe and a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. In a career spanning over forty years, Roberts has amassed more than 500 credits, including Raggedy Man, The Pope of Greenwich Village, The Specialist, Cecil B. Demented, National Security, A Guide to Recognizing Your Saints, The Dark Knight, The Expendables and Inherent Vice, his varied television work includes three seasons with the sitcom Less than Perfect, as well as recurring roles on the NBC drama Heroes and the CBS soap opera The Young and the Restless, as well as Saved by the Light, the legal drama Suits, Fox's The Finder, as The Master in the 1996 Doctor Who television movie.
His sisters Julia Roberts and Lisa Roberts Gillan, daughter Emma Roberts have acting careers. Roberts was born in Biloxi, Mississippi, to Betty Lou Bredemus and Walter Grady Roberts, one-time actors and playwrights, who met while touring a production of George Washington Slept Here for the armed forces. In 1963, they co-founded the Atlanta Actors and Writers Workshop in Atlanta, off Juniper Street in Midtown, they ran a children's acting school in Georgia while they were expecting Julia. Roberts' mother became a church secretary and real estate agent, his father, a vacuum cleaner salesman. Roberts' younger siblings, Julia Roberts and Lisa Roberts Gillan, are actors. Roberts' parents filed for divorce in 1971 and it was finalized early in 1972. Eric stayed with his father Walter in estranged from his sisters. Walter died of cancer in March 1977. Lisa and Betty moved to Smyrna, after the divorce. In 1972, Betty married Michael Motes, had a daughter with him in 1976, Nancy Motes, who died February 9, 2014, at age 37, of an apparent drug overdose.
Motes was abusive and unemployed. In 1983, Betty divorced Motes, citing cruelty and stating that marrying him was the biggest mistake of her life. Roberts is of English, Irish, Welsh and Swedish descent. Roberts got his start on the now-defunct NBC daytime soap opera Another World originating the role of Ted Bancroft from February 14, 1977, to June 17, 1977. Roberts received Golden Globe Award nominations for his early starring roles in King of the Gypsies and Star 80, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in 1985 for his role as the escaped convict Buck in the film Runaway Train. In 1987, he won the Theatre World Award for his Broadway debut performance in Burn This. Roberts' other starring roles included Paul's Case, Raggedy Man, The Pope of Greenwich Village, The Coca-Cola Kid, Nobody's Fool, Best of the Best, By the Sword, Best of the Best 2, The Immortals, La Cucaracha and Stiletto Dance, he had major supporting roles in the films Final Analysis, The Specialist, Shannon's Rainbow.
He played the Archangel Michael in The Prophecy II. In 1996, he appeared in the Doctor; when SFX listed previous Masters in Doctor Who, the magazine said of Roberts: "Out-acted by a CGI snake in the same production." In a darkly comic touch, the onscreen wife of Roberts' human character, killed by her newly possessed husband, is played by his real-life wife. He co-starred in the 1996 television miniseries version of In Cold Blood, in the role of Perry Smith, he starred in C-16 for its entire 1997 to 1998 run. He starred opposite John Ritter in the movie Tripfall in 1998, his recent projects include A Guide to Recognizing DOA: Dead or Alive and Royal Kill. He appeared in The Dark Knight as Sal Maroni, a Gotham City Mafia boss who hires The Joker to kill the titular superhero and a renegade mob accountant. Roberts co-starred on the ABC situation comedy Less than Perfect, he appeared in an episode of CSI: Miami as Ken Kramer, a murderer on death row convicted of killing a young couple. Another notable TV appearance was the episode "Victims" of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit where he played Sam Winfield, a former cop turned vigilante.
In the same year, he was guest starred on The L Word as Gabriel McCutcheon, the father of Shane McCutcheon. In early January 2007, Roberts starred in the two-part miniseries Pandemic as the mayor of Los Angeles. Roberts voiced the Superman villain Mongul in the animated series Justice League, reprised his role in Justice League Unlimited in the episode "For the Man Who Has Everything", he performed the voice of Dark Danny in Nickelodeon's Danny Phantom. He appeared in the first season of Heroes as an associate of Mr. Bennet, he reprised the role in the third-season episode "Villains" and in the fourth-season "The Wall". In 2002 Roberts portrayed an FBI detective in Ja Rule's music video for his song "Down Ass Bitch", as well as its sequel "Down 4 U". Roberts appeared in The Killers' music video for their song "Mr. Brightside" and "Miss Atomic Bomb" as well as in the music videos for Mariah Carey's "We Belong Together" and "It's Like That". In 2006, he appeared in the
Edward Ernest "Judge" Reinhold, Jr. is an American actor who has starred in several Hollywood movies, such as Ruthless People, Fast Times at Ridgemont High and Daddy's Dyin': Who's Got the Will?, both trilogies for Beverly Hills Cop and The Santa Clause. Reinhold was born in Wilmington, the son of Regina Celeste and Edward Ernest Reinhold, Sr. a trial lawyer. He was raised in Fredericksburg, until his family moved to Martin County, prior to his junior year in high school, he attended Palm Beach Community College. His father nicknamed him "Judge" when he was just two weeks old because as a baby he looked stern, like a judge. Reinhold has appeared in more than 60 films, his first appearance on screen was in the Wonder Woman episode "Amazon Hot Wax", in which he played Jeff Gordon, a singer who gets caught up in an extortion ring in the music business. He had a lead role in the movie Running Scared and a support part in the comedy Stripes, a big hit, he was one of many names in the flop comedy Pandemonium.
Reinhold's first major film role was as high school senior Brad Hamilton in Fast Times at Ridgemont High, along with then-unknown actors Sean Penn, Phoebe Cates, Forest Whitaker, Jennifer Jason Leigh, Nicolas Cage. "I thought my career would take off after that role," Reinhold said later. "Instead, Sean's career took off."Reinhold had small roles in The Lords of Discipline, Gremlins and he appeared in an uncredited role in Pat Benatar's music video for "Shadows of the Night". Reinhold's career started to gain momentum when he played Detective Billy Rosewood, the junior police detective sent to trail Eddie Murphy's character, in Beverly Hills Cop; the film's huge success led to Reinhold being given starring roles in Roadhouse 66, Head Office and Off Beat, but none of them was successful. However, Ruthless People, where he had a support role, was a big hit; that year he said in an interview, "In my movies I portray this'Everyman' persona, someone everybody can empathize with. People can identify with a guy like me."Reinhold tried to get financing for a film based on Carl Hiaasen's best-selling novel Tourist Season, but it was never made.
Instead, he appeared in Beverly Hills Cop II, another large success. Reinhold was given the lead in Vice Versa. Vice Versa flopped. "That was the end of my highfalutin Hollywood career," Reinhold said later. "That's when the phone stopped ringing." He developed a reputation for being difficult on set. "I was spoiled, I was arrogant," said Reinhold of this period later. "I was demanding, had an overblown image of who I was and got a reputation for being difficult. And rightfully so." Reinhold moved to Santa Fe. "It was a difficult time," he said. "I don't know if you've had this experience where all of your friends know something about you, but it comes as a total and complete shock to you. And you have to face it, it was an painful thing for me--to recognize and take responsibility for the damage that I'd done... It's been a profound change for me, I'm grateful for it," he said. "If Vice Versa had become a success, I might not have dealt with any of this, I'm not sure where I would be now."He had supporting roles in Rosalie Goes Shopping and Daddy's Dyin': Who's Got the Will? and the lead in Enid Is Sleeping and Zandalee.
Reinhold starred in the Canadian hard rock band Harem Scarem's 1992 music video "Honestly" as the male love interest. In 1992, he said, "I've learned a lot in the past three years. It's been pretty painful, but I'm grateful for all of it,'cause I've grown up more in the past three years than I have in my whole life." In 1994, Reinhold appeared in The Santa Clause. He has reprised the role of Dr. Neal Miller for the Santa Clause sequels. Reinhold was nominated for an Emmy for a role on Seinfeld in which he played the infamous "close talker" who developed an obsession with Jerry's parents, he has been seen in Steven Spielberg's epic miniseries Into the West and replaced Charles Grodin in two direct-to-video movies in the Beethoven film series. Reinhold appeared in the 2008 political satire Swing Vote. Reinhold has been referred to in film and television in reference to his first name. In the film Fanboys, Billy Dee Williams appears as a courtroom judge named "Judge Reinhold". In the Becker episode "Trials and Defibrillations", the presiding judge is called Judge Reinhold.
In Arrested Development, playing himself, appears as the judge of a fictional court show, a parody of such series as The People's Court, Lauren Lake's Paternity Court, Judge Judy and Judge Mathis. Reinhold voiced his own portrayal in Clerks: The Animated Series, in which he was portrayed as a courtroom judge. Reinhold was arrested at Dallas Love Field airport on December 8, 2016, for disorderly conduct after objecting to a patdown from security shortly after he was released from the hospital following an adverse reaction to a medication, he spent ten hours in jail, accepted a deferred adjudication agreement where charges would be dismissed in 90 days. Judge Reinhold on IMDb Judge Reinhold
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia. As the most populous city in the province, the 2016 census recorded 631,486 people in the city, up from 603,502 in 2011; the Greater Vancouver area had a population of 2,463,431 in 2016, making it the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada. Vancouver has the highest population density in Canada with over 5,400 people per square kilometre, which makes it the fifth-most densely populated city with over 250,000 residents in North America behind New York City, San Francisco, Mexico City according to the 2011 census. Vancouver is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse cities in Canada according to that census. 30% of the city's inhabitants are of Chinese heritage. Vancouver is classed as a Beta global city. Vancouver is named as one of the top five worldwide cities for livability and quality of life, the Economist Intelligence Unit acknowledged it as the first city ranked among the top-ten of the world's most well-living cities for five consecutive years.
Vancouver has hosted many international conferences and events, including the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, UN Habitat I, Expo 86, the World Police and Fire Games in 1989 and 2009. In 2014, following thirty years in California, the TED conference made Vancouver its indefinite home. Several matches of the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup were played in Vancouver, including the final at BC Place; the original settlement, named Gastown, grew up on clearcuts on the west edge of the Hastings Mill logging sawmill's property, where a makeshift tavern had been set up on a plank between two stumps and the proprietor, Gassy Jack, persuaded the curious millworkers to build him a tavern, on July 1, 1867. From that first enterprise, other stores and some hotels appeared along the waterfront to the west. Gastown became formally laid out as a registered townsite dubbed Granville, B. I.. As part of the land and political deal whereby the area of the townsite was made the railhead of the Canadian Pacific Railway, it was renamed "Vancouver" and incorporated shortly thereafter as a city, in 1886.
By 1887, the Canadian Pacific transcontinental railway was extended westward to the city to take advantage of its large natural seaport to the Pacific Ocean, which soon became a vital link in a trade route between the Orient / East Asia, Eastern Canada, Europe. As of 2014, Port Metro Vancouver is the third-largest port by tonnage in the Americas, 27th in the world, the busiest and largest in Canada, the most diversified port in North America. While forestry remains its largest industry, Vancouver is well known as an urban centre surrounded by nature, making tourism its second-largest industry. Major film production studios in Vancouver and nearby Burnaby have turned Greater Vancouver and nearby areas into one of the largest film production centres in North America, earning it the nickname "Hollywood North"; the city takes its name from George Vancouver, who explored the inner harbour of Burrard Inlet in 1792 and gave various places British names. The family name "Vancouver" itself originates from the Dutch "Van Coevorden", denoting somebody from the city of Coevorden, Netherlands.
The explorer's ancestors came to England "from Coevorden", the origin of the name that became "Vancouver". Archaeological records indicate that Aboriginal people were living in the "Vancouver" area from 8,000 to 10,000 years ago; the city is located in the traditional and presently unceded territories of the Squamish and Tseil-Waututh peoples of the Coast Salish group. They had villages in various parts of present-day Vancouver, such as Stanley Park, False Creek, Point Grey and near the mouth of the Fraser River. Europeans became acquainted with the area of the future Vancouver when José María Narváez of Spain explored the coast of present-day Point Grey and parts of Burrard Inlet in 1791—although one author contends that Francis Drake may have visited the area in 1579; the explorer and North West Company trader Simon Fraser and his crew became the first-known Europeans to set foot on the site of the present-day city. In 1808, they travelled from the east down the Fraser River as far as Point Grey.
The Fraser Gold Rush of 1858 brought over 25,000 men from California, to nearby New Westminster on the Fraser River, on their way to the Fraser Canyon, bypassing what would become Vancouver. Vancouver is among British Columbia's youngest cities. A sawmill established at Moodyville in 1863, began the city's long relationship with logging, it was followed by mills owned by Captain Edward Stamp on the south shore of the inlet. Stamp, who had begun logging in the Port Alberni area, first attempted to run a mill at Brockton Point, but difficult currents and reefs forced the relocation of the operation in 1867 to a point near the foot of Dunlevy Street; this mill, known as the Hastings Mill, became the nucleus. The mill's central role in the city waned after the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1880s, it remained important to the local economy until it closed in the 1920s. The settlement which came to be called Gastown grew around
Frederick Reginald Ironside, known as Michael Ironside, is a Canadian actor. He has worked as a voice actor, film director, screenwriter in movie and television series in various Canadian and American productions, he is best known for playing villains and "tough guy" heroes, though he has portrayed sympathetic characters. Ironside is a method actor. Ironside was born in Toronto, the son of Robert Walter Ironside and Patricia June Ironside, his father was his mother a housewife. He is of English and Scottish descent, is one of five children. Ironside attended the Ontario College of Art in Toronto and at age 15 wrote a play, The Shelter, which won the first prize in a university contest, he won the Senior writing award at Riverdale Collegiate Institute in 1967. In a January 2010 interview, Ironside stated in response to a question about his many roles in science fiction films that he has always been a big fan of science fiction and received science fiction short-story collections from his grandfather that he kept in a shoebox under his bed.
He said his favorite science fiction novels are Dune by Frank Herbert and "anything involving adventure". Ironside specializes in playing tough-guys. One of his first roles was as evil telepath Darryl Revok in Scanners, an early film by David Cronenberg, he played the role of a serial killer, Colt Hawker, in the 1982 slasher film Visiting Hours, directed by Jean-Claude Lord, appeared as Miler Crane in The A-Team episode "Taxicab Wars". His breakthrough role was as cynical anti-hero Ham Tyler in the television miniseries V: The Final Battle, he is known for his roles in Top Gun as Naval Aviator Lieutenant Commander Rick "Jester" Heatherly, Extreme Prejudice as Major Paul Hackett, Watchers as a conscience-free mutant assassin, Total Recall as Richter, the murderous henchman of Ronny Cox's villain Cohaagen. Ironside played the villainous General Katana in the science fiction sequel Highlander II: The Quickening and, after a brief stint in ER's inaugural season, he was tapped to replace Roy Scheider as captain of the high-tech submarine seaQuest in the third season of seaQuest DSV as Captain Oliver Hudson.
However, NBC cancelled the series after only thirteen episodes with Ironside as the star. In 1992, he starred as M. Emmet Walsh's brother in David Winning's thriller Killer Image. In 1997, Ironside was reunited with Total Recall director Paul Verhoeven for Starship Troopers, he appeared in The Machinist. He starred in the film Chaindance as a small-time crook, unable to make it on the outside, paired up with a handicapped man. Ironside starred as Resistance General Hugh Ashdown in Terminator Salvation, reunited with his co-star from The Machinist, Christian Bale, he voiced comic book villain Darkseid in Superman: The Animated Series and its sequel, Justice League. In one episode of The New Batman Adventures, he voiced Batman in a Batman: The Dark Knight Returns sequence. Another part he played in the DC Comics universe was Lois Lane's father, General Sam Lane in three episodes of Smallville, he has worked in video games as the voice of Tom Clancy's character Sam Fisher in the Splinter Cell games and is cast as the Global Defense Initiative's Lieutenant General Jack Granger in Command & Conquer 3: Tiberium Wars.
Ironside signed a five-year deal to portray Captain Jonas Trager in the SpaceWorks Television science fiction series, Ice Planet but the show was not produced. In 2009, he starred in The Beacon under the direction of Michael Stokes. In 2010, Ironside guest starred in Episode 1 of Burn Notice. In 2011, Ironside appeared in the film: X-Men: First Class, he appeared in Justified playing a supporting role as a Detroit hitman the following year. He voiced the role of Ultra Magnus in season 3 of the Transformers Prime Beast Hunters television series in 2013. Ironside appeared in Walker, Texas Ranger as The Chairman whose plan was to eliminate high level agencies such as the FBI, Texas Rangers, etc. In 2015 he appeared in the television series The Flash as the father of Captain Cold. In 2015, he starred as the main villain Zeus in the cult hit film Turbo Kid. Ironside is married to Karen Marls Dinwiddie. Michael and Karen have two daughters: Findlay Ironside, he has survived both prostate cancer. Michael Ironside on IMDb Michael Ironside at AllMovie
Science fiction is a genre of speculative fiction dealing with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, extraterrestrials in fiction. Science fiction explores the potential consequences of scientific other various innovations, has been called a "literature of ideas." "Science fiction" is difficult to define as it includes a wide range of concepts and themes. James Blish wrote: "Wells used the term to cover what we would today call'hard' science fiction, in which a conscientious attempt to be faithful to known facts was the substrate on which the story was to be built, if the story was to contain a miracle, it ought at least not to contain a whole arsenal of them."Isaac Asimov said: "Science fiction can be defined as that branch of literature which deals with the reaction of human beings to changes in science and technology." According to Robert A. Heinlein, "A handy short definition of all science fiction might read: realistic speculation about possible future events, based solidly on adequate knowledge of the real world and present, on a thorough understanding of the nature and significance of the scientific method."Lester del Rey wrote, "Even the devoted aficionado or fan—has a hard time trying to explain what science fiction is," and that the reason for there not being a "full satisfactory definition" is that "there are no delineated limits to science fiction."
Author and editor Damon Knight summed up the difficulty, saying "science fiction is what we point to when we say it." Mark C. Glassy described the definition of science fiction as U. S. Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart did with the definition of pornography: "I know it when I see it." Science fiction had its beginnings in a time when the line between myth and fact was arguably more blurred than the present day. Written in the 2nd century CE by the satirist Lucian, A True Story contains many themes and tropes that are characteristic of contemporary science fiction, including travel to other worlds, extraterrestrial lifeforms, interplanetary warfare, artificial life; some consider it the first science-fiction novel. Some of the stories from The Arabian Nights, along with the 10th-century The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter and Ibn al-Nafis's 13th-century Theologus Autodidactus contain elements of science fiction. Products of the Age of Reason and the development of modern science itself, Johannes Kepler's Somnium, Francis Bacon's New Atlantis, Cyrano de Bergerac's Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon and The States and Empires of the Sun, Margaret Cavendish's "The Blazing World", Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Ludvig Holberg's Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum and Voltaire's Micromégas are regarded as some of the first true science-fantasy works.
Indeed, Isaac Asimov and Carl Sagan considered Somnium the first science-fiction story. Following the 18th-century development of the novel as a literary form, Mary Shelley's books Frankenstein and The Last Man helped define the form of the science-fiction novel. Brian Aldiss has argued. Edgar Allan Poe wrote several stories considered science fiction, including "The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall" which featured a trip to the Moon. Jules Verne was noted for his attention to detail and scientific accuracy Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea which predicted the contemporary nuclear submarine. In 1887, the novel El anacronópete by Spanish author Enrique Gaspar y Rimbau introduced the first time machine. Many critics consider H. G. Wells one of science fiction's most important authors, or "the Shakespeare of science fiction." His notable science-fiction works include The Time Machine, The Island of Doctor Moreau, The Invisible Man, The War of the Worlds. His science fiction imagined alien invasion, biological engineering and time travel.
In his non-fiction futurologist works he predicted the advent of airplanes, military tanks, nuclear weapons, satellite television, space travel, something resembling the World Wide Web. In 1912, Edgar Rice Burroughs published A Princess of Mars, the first of his three-decade-long planetary romance series of Barsoom novels, set on Mars and featuring John Carter as the hero. In 1926, Hugo Gernsback published the first American science-fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, in which he wrote: By'scientifiction' I mean the Jules Verne, H. G. Wells and Edgar Allan Poe type of story—a charming romance intermingled with scientific fact and prophetic vision... Not only do these amazing tales make tremendously interesting reading—they are always instructive, they supply knowledge... in a palatable form... New adventures pictured for us in the scientifiction of today are not at all impossible of realization tomorrow... Many great science stories destined to be of historical interest are still to be written...
Posterity will point to them as having blazed a new trail, not only in literature and fiction, but progress as well. In 1928, E. E. "Doc" Smith's first published work, The Skylark of Space, written in collaboration with Lee Hawkins Garby, appeared in Amazing Stories. It is called the first great space opera; the same year, Philip Francis Nowlan's original Buck Rogers story, Armageddon 2419 appeared in Amazing Stories. This was followed by the first serious science-fiction comic. In 1937, John W. Campbell became editor of Astounding Science Fiction, an event, sometimes conside
The Cold War was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union with its satellite states, the United States with its allies after World War II. A common historiography of the conflict begins between 1946, the year U. S. diplomat George F. Kennan's "Long Telegram" from Moscow cemented a U. S. foreign policy of containment of Soviet expansionism threatening strategically vital regions, the Truman Doctrine of 1947, ending between the Revolutions of 1989, which ended communism in Eastern Europe, the 1991 collapse of the USSR, when nations of the Soviet Union abolished communism and restored their independence. The term "cold" is used because there was no large-scale fighting directly between the two sides, but they each supported major regional conflicts known as proxy wars; the conflict split the temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany and its allies, leaving the USSR and the US as two superpowers with profound economic and political differences. The capitalist West was led by the United States, a federal republic with a two-party presidential system, as well as the other First World nations of the Western Bloc that were liberal democratic with a free press and independent organizations, but were economically and politically entwined with a network of banana republics and other authoritarian regimes, most of which were the Western Bloc's former colonies.
Some major Cold War frontlines such as Indochina and the Congo were still Western colonies in 1947. The Soviet Union, on the other hand, was a self-proclaimed Marxist–Leninist state led by its Communist Party, which in turn was dominated by a totalitarian leader with different titles over time, a small committee called the Politburo; the Party controlled the state, the press, the military, the economy, many organizations throughout the Second World, including the Warsaw Pact and other satellites, funded communist parties around the world, sometimes in competition with communist China following the Sino-Soviet split of the 1960s. The two worlds were fighting for dominance in low-developed regions known as the Third World. In time, a neutral bloc arose in these regions with the Non-Aligned Movement, which sought good relations with both sides. Notwithstanding isolated incidents of air-to-air dogfights and shoot-downs, the two superpowers never engaged directly in full-scale armed combat. However, both were armed in preparation for a possible all-out nuclear world war.
Each side had a nuclear strategy that discouraged an attack by the other side, on the basis that such an attack would lead to the total destruction of the attacker—the doctrine of mutually assured destruction. Aside from the development of the two sides' nuclear arsenals, their deployment of conventional military forces, the struggle for dominance was expressed via proxy wars around the globe, psychological warfare, massive propaganda campaigns and espionage, far-reaching embargoes, rivalry at sports events, technological competitions such as the Space Race; the first phase of the Cold War began in the first two years after the end of the Second World War in 1945. The USSR consolidated its control over the states of the Eastern Bloc, while the United States began a strategy of global containment to challenge Soviet power, extending military and financial aid to the countries of Western Europe and creating the NATO alliance; the Berlin Blockade was the first major crisis of the Cold War. With the victory of the Communist side in the Chinese Civil War and the outbreak of the Korean War, the conflict expanded.
The USSR and the US competed for influence in Latin America and the decolonizing states of Africa and Asia. The Soviets suppressed the Hungarian Revolution of 1956; the expansion and escalation sparked more crises, such as the Suez Crisis, the Berlin Crisis of 1961, the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, the closest the two sides came to nuclear war. Meanwhile, an international peace movement took root and grew among citizens around the world, first in Japan from 1954, when people became concerned about nuclear weapons testing, but soon in Europe and the US; the peace movement, in particular the anti-nuclear movement, gained pace and popularity from the late 1950s and early 1960s, continued to grow through the'70s and'80s with large protest marches and various non-parliamentary activism opposing war and calling for global nuclear disarmament. Following the Cuban Missile Crisis, a new phase began that saw the Sino-Soviet split complicate relations within the Communist sphere, while US allies France, demonstrated greater independence of action.
The USSR crushed the 1968 Prague Spring liberalization program in Czechoslovakia, while the US experienced internal turmoil from the civil rights movement and opposition to the Vietnam War, which ended with the defeat of the US-backed Republic of Vietnam, prompting further adjustments. By the 1970s, both sides had become interested in making allowances in order to create a more stable and predictable international system, ushering in a period of détente that saw Strategic Arms Limitation Talks and the US opening relations with the People's Republic of China as a strategic counterweight to the Soviet Union. Détente collapsed at the end of the decade with the beginning of the Soviet–Afghan War in 1979; the early 1980s were another period of elevated tension, with the Soviet downing of KAL Flight 007 and the "Able Archer" NATO military exercises, both in 1983. The United States increased diplomatic and economic pressures on the Soviet Union, at a time when the communist state was suffering from economic stag
Antonio Sabàto Jr.
Antonio Sabàto Jr. is an Italian-American model and politician. Sabàto first found fame in the 1990s, posing as an underwear model for Calvin Klein and appearing as Jagger Cates on the soap opera General Hospital from 1992 to 1995. By the early 2000s, Sabàto's career had started to wane, most of his acting credits attributed to guest appearances, reality TV, low budget films. In recent years, Sabàto has received attention in the media for his involvement in politics, he ran unsuccessfully for U. S. Congress against incumbent Democratic Congresswoman Julia Brownley for California's 26th district in the 2018 elections. Sabàto was born in a Leap Day, his father is Antonio Sabàto Sr.. His mother, Yvonne Kabouchy, is a realtor from Prague, is of Czech and Ashkenazi Jewish heritage, he has a sister named Simonne. Sabàto and his family moved to the United States from Italy in 1985 and he became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1996, he received his high school diploma from Palisades Charter High School in California.
His parents are divorced. Sabàto was featured on the cover of erotic magazine Playgirl in April 1993. Represented in Los Angeles by fashion agent, Omar Albertto, Sabàto first gained attention as a Calvin Klein underwear model in 1996. In 1990 he appeared in Janet Jackson's "Love Will Never Do" music video along with actor Djimon Hounsou, a former CK underwear model. In 2013, Sabato was named the international celebrity spokesperson for AnastasiaDate, an online mail-order bride website which connects wealthy American older men with Eastern European women. Moving into acting, from 1992 through 1995 he appeared on the soap opera General Hospital, the science fiction series Earth 2 and on the prime time soap opera Melrose Place. Throughout the late 1990s, he starred in various TV movies and direct-to-video films, as well as a supporting role in the 1998 feature film. In 2003 he played the protagonist's lover Pablo in the movie Testosterone filmed in Argentina with Sonia Braga, David Sutcliffe, Jennifer Coolidge, Celina Font and Leonardo Brezicki.
From 2005 to 2006, Sabàto played Dante Damiano on the daytime soap opera The Bold and the Beautiful, in 2008, Sabàto reprised his role of Jagger Cates on the second season of General Hospital: Night Shift. Sabàto made an appearance on Bones as a bouncer from a Jersey Shore club in season 6, episode 3, "The Maggots in the Meathead" in 2010. In 2013 he played Father Zaragosa in the television series The League. In 2016, Sabàto was contracted to be a Chippendales dancer for a special engagement in June at the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas. In 2005, Sabàto appeared on But Can They Sing?, a celebrity reality singing competition on VH1, coming in 5th place. He competed in the 2008 NBC competition Celebrity Circus, he noted during the show that both his mother's father had been circus performers. In August 2009, Sabàto starred in My Antonio, a reality show on VH1 in which female contestants competed to win his heart; the show notably featured Sabàto's ex-wife, Tully Jensen, as one of the contestants, his mother appeared on the show, providing advice.
The show's winner was Brooke Barlow. Sabàto and his family appeared on ABC's Celebrity Wife Swap on January 31, 2012, his then-fiancé Cheryl Moana Marie Nunes traded places on the show with WWE wrestler Mick Foley's wife, Colette Foley. Sabàto competed on season 19 of Dancing with the Stars in 2014, he was paired with professional dancer Cheryl Burke, they finished in 8th place. Since 2014, Sabàto has served as the host of a 30-minute long syndicated home remodeling show, Fix It and Finish It. On Monday, May 8, 2017, Sabàto filed paperwork with the Federal Election Commission announcing plans to run for the 26th district Congressional seat in California as a Republican against incumbent Democrat Julia Brownley, he came in second place in the jungle primary with 22.4% of the vote, advancing to face Brownley in the General Election. He lost the election on November 6, 2018. Regarding illegal immigration, Sabàto has said, "There should be no shortcuts for those who don't want to pay or wait", he supports Trump's wall on the southern border, has said, "We need a wall."Sabàto has made many harsh statements regarding former U.
S President Barack Obama, including saying he has "no guts," accusing him of destroying the U. S. economy, asserting that Obama should be arrested and sent to the Guantanamo Bay detention camp. The former Democrat has implied that Obama is the reason he left the Democratic Party. For several years, Sabàto has maintained that, in his opinion, Obama is not a Christian but a Muslim; the first instance of such a claim came in 2016, when Sabàto, after making a speech at the Republican National Convention, told ABC News "I don't believe he follows the God that I love and the Jesus that I love," and "If you follow his story, if you read his book, if you understand about Obama, I mean, that's not a Christian name, is it?" When pressed for evidence to back up his claims, Sabàto answered that it's "in his heart." Two years in 2018, he reaffirmed his belief that Obama is a Muslim when appearing on The View, saying "If he's not a Muslim, we should call him President Barry," and falsely claimed that "What I was saying was, he changed his name to Obama because he followed the Islam religion when he was growing up so, I felt that once you're in that religion, you stay for the rest of your life."Sabàto endorsed Donald Trump for President in 201