Kingman is a city in and the county seat of Mohave County, United States. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city is 28,068, the nearby communities of Butler and Golden Valley bring the Kingman area total population to over 45,000. Kingman is located 85 miles southeast of Las Vegas and about 165 miles northwest of the state capital, Phoenix. Lt. Edward Fitzgerald Beale, a U. S. Navy officer in the service of the U. S. Army Corps of Topographical Engineers, was ordered by the U. S, War Department to build a federal wagon road across the 35th Parallel. His secondary orders were to test the feasibility of the use of camels as pack animals in the southwestern desert, Beale traveled through the present day Kingman in 1857 surveying the road and in 1859 to build the road. Beales Wagon Road became part of Highway 66 and Interstate Highway 40, remnants of the wagon road can still be seen in White Cliffs Canyon in Kingman. Kingman, was founded in 1882, when Arizona was still Arizona Territory, the Mohave County seat originally was located in Mohave City from 1864 to 1867.
The portion of Arizona Territory west of the Colorado River was transferred to Nevada in 1865 after Nevadas statehood, the remaining territory of Pah-Ute County became part of Mohave County. Its seat was moved to Hardyville in 1867, the county seat transferred to the mining town of Cerbat in 1873, to Mineral Park near Chloride in 1877. During World War II, Kingman was the site of a U. S. Army Air Force airfield, the Kingman Army Airfield was founded at the beginning of WW II as an aerial gunnery training base. It became one of the USAAFs largest, training some 35,000 soldiers, the airfield and Kingman played a significant role in this important era of Americas history. Following the war, the Kingman Airfield served as one of the largest, Kingman experienced growth as several major employers moved into the vicinity. In 1953 Kingman was used to detain those men accused of practicing polygamy in the Short Creek raid, in 1955, Ford Motor Company established a proving ground in nearby Yucca, Arizona at the former Yucca Army Airfield.
The location of a General Cable plant at what was to become the Kingman Airport Industrial Park provided an employment base as well. Kingman is located at 35°12′30″N 114°1′33″W, at 3,333 feet in elevation, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.0 square miles, all of it land. Kingman sits on the edge of the Mojave Desert, but is located in a cold semi-arid climate instead of the desert. The BSk climate type receives slightly more precipitation than the BWh hot desert climate found to the south and west, the higher elevation contributes to winter cold and occasional snowfall. Summer daytime highs reach above 90 °F frequently, but rarely exceed 107 °F, summertime lows usually remain between 60 to 70 °F
A ghost town is an abandoned village, town, or city, usually one that contains substantial visible remains. Some ghost towns, especially those that preserve period-specific architecture, have become tourist attractions, writing about, and photographing ghost towns is a minor industry. The town of Plymouth on the Caribbean island of Montserrat is a ghost town that is the de jure capital of Montserrat and it was rendered uninhabitable by volcanic ash from an eruption. The definition of a ghost town varies between individuals, and between cultures, lindsey Baker, author of Ghost Towns of Texas, defines a ghost town as a town for which the reason for being no longer exists. Some believe that any settlement with visible tangible remains should not be called a ghost town, others say, whether or not the settlement must be completely deserted, or may contain a small population, is a matter for debate. Generally, the term is used in a sense, encompassing any. The American author Lambert Florins preferred definition of a ghost town was simply a shadowy semblance of a former self, a town can be abandoned when it is part of an exclusion zone due to natural or man-made causes.
Ghost towns may result when the activity or resource that created a boomtown is depleted or the resource economy undergoes a bust. Boomtowns can often decrease in size as fast as they initially grew, all or nearly the entire population can desert the town, resulting in a ghost town. The dismantling of a boomtown can often occur on a planned basis, modular buildings can be used to facilitate the process. A gold rush would often bring intensive but short-lived economic activity to a remote village, in other cases, the reason for abandonment can arise from a towns intended economic function shifting to another, nearby place. This happened to Collingwood, Queensland in Outback Australia when nearby Winton outperformed Collingwood as a centre for the livestock-raising industry. The railway reached Winton in 1899, linking it with the rest of Queensland, the Middle East has many ghost towns that were created when the shifting of politics or the fall of empires caused capital cities to be socially or economically unviable, such as Ctesiphon.
The rise of condominium investment caused for real estate bubbles leads to a ghost town, as real estate prices rise, such examples include China and Canada, where housing is often used as an investment rather than for habitation. Railroads and roads bypassing or no longer reaching a town can create a ghost town. This was the case in many of the ghost towns along Ontarios historic Opeongo Line, some ghost towns were founded along railways where steam trains would stop at periodic intervals to take on water. Amboy, California was part of one series of villages along the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad across the Mojave Desert. River re-routing is another factor, one example being the towns along the Aral Sea, Ghost towns may be created when land is expropriated by a government and residents are required to relocate
Mohave Valley, Arizona
Mohave Valley is a census-designated place in Mohave County, United States. The population was 13,694 at the 2000 census and it is geographically connected to Needles, Fort Mohave and Bullhead City, Arizona. The first recorded European to come through Mohave Valley was Melchor Díaz and he documented his travels in northwestern Mohave County in 1540. He recounts meeting a large population of natives who referred to themselves as the Pipa Aha Macav, from Aha Macav came the shortened name Mojave. While Mohave Valley and Mohave County use the modern English spelling, both are correct, and both are pronounced Moh-hah-vee. Mohave Valley is located at 34°57′25″N 114°35′5″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 45.4 square miles, of which,45.3 square miles of it is land and 0.2 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 13,694 people,5,217 households, the population density was 302.6 people per square mile. There were 6,672 housing units at a density of 147. 4/sq mi.
The racial makeup of the CDP was 90. 79% White,0. 45% Black or African American,2. 34% Native American,0. 94% Asian,0. 12% Pacific Islander,3. 26% from other races, and 2. 10% from two or more races. 11. 98% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,19. 0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the family size was 2.94. In the CDP, the population was out with 24. 6% under the age of 18,5. 7% from 18 to 24,25. 8% from 25 to 44,27. 4% from 45 to 64. The median age was 41 years, for every 100 females there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.9 males, the median income for a household in the CDP was $34,321, and the median income for a family was $38,897. Males had an income of $29,719 versus $21,271 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $16,287, about 7. 9% of families and 11. 0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15. 5% of those under age 18 and 6. 1% of those age 65 or over.
Agriculture constitutes a portion of Mohave Valleys economy. Main crops are cotton and alfalfa, children from Mohave Valley attend Mohave Valley Elementary School District
Chloride is a onetime silver mining camp in Mohave County, and is considered the oldest continuously inhabited mining town in the state. Chloride has a ZIP Code of 86431, in 2000, the population of the 86431 ZCTA was 352, Chloride is located on the southwest flank of the Cerbat Mountains northwest of Kingman, Arizona. Grasshopper Junction is four miles to the west on US Route 93, prospectors first located mineral resources in the area in the 1840s, including silver, lead and turquoise. Chloride was founded about 1863, but mining was not widespread until the 1870s after a treaty was signed with the Hualapai Indians. The railway from Kingman, called the Arizona and Utah Railway, was inaugurated on August 16,1899 - the last silver spike was driven by Miss May Krider. The town eventually grew to a peak of around 5,000 inhabitants, by 1917 the population had fallen to 2,000, and by 1944 it was nearly a ghost town. American author Louis LAmour visited Chloride sometime between 1927 and 1929 after the Weepah, Nevada goldrush, where he had bought, and sold, during his visit the town of Chloride caught fire.
Lamour assisted the citizens in a bucket brigade that ultimately failed to stop most of the town from burning to the ground. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Chloride has a desert climate. Chloride travel guide from Wikivoyage Chloride Chamber of Commerce Community website Chloride entry from Desert USA Photo gallery from Western Mining History
Colorado City, Arizona
Colorado City is a town in Mohave County, United States, and is located in a region known as the Arizona Strip. According to the 2010 census, the population of the town was 4,821, at least three Mormon fundamentalist sects are said to have been based there. The Council of Friends membership desired a remote location where they could practice plural marriage, on July 26,1953, Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle sent troops into the settlement to stop polygamy in what became known as the Short Creek raid. The two-year legal battle that became a public relations disaster that damaged Pyles political career. The FLDS changed the name of the community to Colorado City, in January 2004, the local FLDS fundamentalist leader, Warren Jeffs, expelled a group of 20 men, including the mayor, and gave their wives and children to other men. Jeffs, now a convicted sexual predator, stated he was acting on the orders of God, observers stated that this was the most severe split to date within the community other than the split between Colorado City and Centennial Park.
Most were removed for failing to follow Jeffs rules, or for dating women without his permission, many of these expelled men and boys were very naïve and sheltered, often wound up homeless in nearby towns such as Hurricane, Utah and St. George, Utah. Jeffs was placed on the FBIs Ten Most Wanted list and eventually arrested on August 28,2006, Most of the property in the town was owned by the United Effort Plan, a real estate trust of the FLDS. In 2007 the state authorities began dismantling church ownership of Colorado City lands, the FLDS church retaliated and indoctrinated their followers against the state, believing they were being targeted because of their beliefs. The FLDS followers became further secluded as a result, Most of the remaining FLDS view their leader, Warren Jeffs, as a martyr. On April 6,2010, law enforcement officials in Mohave County, the warrants were served on government officials and departments, including the Town Manager, David Darger, as well as Colorado Citys fire chief.
Firefighter Glen Jeffs indicated that the warrants referenced misuse of funds, the Cookes were awarded $5.2 million for religious discrimination. The Cooke family moved to the Short Creek area in 2008 but were refused access to utilities by the towns of Colorado City, Colorado City is located at 36°59′22″N 112°58′41″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has an area of 10.5 square miles. The hottest day on record has been July 5,1985 with 108 °F, rainfall is lowest from April to June, but is never particularly high on average, though during strong extratropical low pressure systems, as much as 5 inches may occasionally fall during a month. The wettest year has been 1998 with 26.36 inches, though only 2005 has otherwise received over 20 inches, whilst the driest year since 1963 has been 2009 with 6.45 inches. Snowfall is relatively light, the most in a month was in January 1982 with 29.0 inches, the highest daily snow depth was however on February 2,1979 with 13 inches. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,334 people,444 households, the population density was 317.3 people per square mile
Hackberry is an unincorporated community in Mohave County, United States. Hackberry is located on Arizona State Route 6623 miles northeast of Kingman, Hackberry has a post office which serves 68 residential mailboxes with ZIP code 86411. A former mining town, Hackberry takes its name from the Hackberry Mine which was named for a tree in a nearby spring. Prospector Jim Music helped develop the Hackberry Silver Mine in 18a 75, mining of various metals developed the town, sending it from boom to bust based on fluctuating commodity prices. The Indianapolis Monroes Iron Clad Age of June 12,1886 includes an article titled They Changed the Minds of Several referring to an educated miner from the area. Watts writes from Hackberry, The books you sent me last year have changed the minds of several to whom I loaned them and it is a pity that liberal books and papers cannot be more generally circulated and read. If they could be we should soon have more outspoken, honest men that would dare to speak their true sentiments, based on an article taken from the July 24,1909 edition of the Mohave County Miner out of Kingman, Arizona, JJ Watts was an old prospector.
The man was supposed to be J. J. Watts, william Grant, the Hackberry merchant, this week received a letter from B. F. Watts, of Marshall, conveying the information that J. J. Watts died at Lander, last winter, the man who was killed by the Indians is believed to be a stranger that came to Kingman and was lured to the mountains by the Indians by a story of a lost mine that they had found in that section. The man was killed by Willietopsy and his sons, so it is reported by the other Indians, by 1919, infighting between the mines owners had become litigation and the ore was beginning to be depleted. The mine closed, Hackberry briefly almost became a ghost town, various service stations in town served U. S. Route 66 travellers after the highway came to town in 1926, all were shut down after Interstate 40 in Arizona bypassed the town. Interstate 40s 69-mile path between Kingman and Seligman diverges widely from the old 82-mile Highway 66 segment between these points, leaving Hackberry stranded sixteen miles from the new highway, Hackberry Road would not even be given an off-ramp.
John Grigg operated a Union 76 service station on Route 66 in Hackberry from the 1920s until his death in 1967, the Northside Grocery and its Conoco station were among the last to close, in 1978. Hackberry almost became a ghost town again, but members of the Grigg family have lived there since the 1890s, six generations of the Grigg family are buried in the Hackberry cemetery. In 1992, itinerant artist Bob Waldmire re-opened the Hackberry General Store as a Route 66 tourism information post and souvenir shop on the former Northside Grocery site. The store remains in operation with a collection of cars from the heyday of U. S. Route 66 in Arizona, in 2008
The Cerbat Mountains is a mountain range in Mohave County in northwest Arizona immediately north of Kingman. The Cerbat Mountains and the White Hills adjacent north, are the ranges between the Detrital Valley west, and the Hualapai Valley east. It is a 23 mi long range trending slightly northwest-southeast, a series of peaks can be found towards the southern end of the range, including Packsaddle Mountain at 6,431 feet, and Cherum Peak at 6,983 feet. The northern section of the Cerbat Mountains is composed mostly of the Mount Tipton Wilderness, the Dolan Springs community is at the base of the wilderness on the northwestern side of the Cerbat Mountains. The Mineral Park mine, a copper and turquoise mine, is located in the Cerbat Mountains 14 miles northwest of Kingman. List of mountain ranges of Arizona List of LCRV Wilderness Areas
A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city. The size definition for what constitutes a town varies considerably in different parts of the world, the word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, and the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the meaning of the word. An early borrowing from Celtic *dunom, in English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a community that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more specifically those of the wealthy, in Old Norse tun means a place between farmhouses, and is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian. If there was any distinction between toun and burgh as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs, for example, Edina Burgh or Edinburgh was built around a fort and eventually came to have a defensive wall.
In some cases, town is a name for city or village. Sometimes, the town is short for township. A places population size is not a determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, as in India at least until recent times, in the United Kingdom, there are historical cities that are far smaller than the larger towns. Some forms of settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be clearly non-rural. Towns often exist as governmental units, with legally defined borders. In the United States these are referred to as incorporated towns, in other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be unincorporated. Note that the existence of a town may be legally set forth through other means. In the case of planned communities, the town exists legally in the form of covenants on the properties within the town. Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age, although there is no official use of the term for any settlement. In Albanian qytezë means small city or new city, while in ancient times small residential center within the walls of a castle
A mining community, known as a mining town or a mining camp, is a community that houses miners. Mining communities are created around a mine or a quarry. Throughout the continental United States and Alaska, valuable minerals were discovered, the miners would usually settle a site and make home of tents and shacks, that miners built by hand. Eventually mining buildings such as smelters or stamp mills would be constructed followed by cabins, stores, a community would naturally be born with the settling of women and children and existed as long as precious metal could be dug from the area. Sometimes the geographical location of a community or the various American railroads would ensure a communitys existence after all the valuable minerals were gone. Many American mining communities became ghost towns though others have become prominent cities, a settlement usually can only be considered a mining community if a mine exists directly at the settlement or within the immediate area and if the population relies on the mine economically.
Smelter towns, built for smeltering ore extracted from mines, are considered a type of mining community, book features pg.147 about what is necessary for a settlement to have in order to be considered a mining town
Lake Havasu City, Arizona
Lake Havasu City is a city in Mohave County, United States. According to 2010 census, the population of the town is 52,527 people and it is served by Lake Havasu City Airport. Lake Havasu City is geographically isolated from the cities in Mohave County and is the southernmost community of Greater Las Vegas. The community first started as an Army Air Corps rest camp during World War II on the shores of Lake Havasu. In 1958, Robert P. McCulloch purchased 3,353 acres of property on the east side of the lake along Pittsburgh Point, after four years of planning, McCulloch Properties acquired another 13,000 acres of federal land in the surrounding area. Lake Havasu City was established on September 30,1963 by a resolution of the Mohave County Board of Supervisors as the Lake Havasu Irrigation and Drainage District, the city was incorporated in 1978. The London Bridge crosses a channel that leads from Lake Havasu to Thompson Bay. It was bought for US $2.5 million from the City of London when the bridge was replaced in 1968, the bridge was disassembled, and the marked stones were shipped to Lake Havasu City and reassembled for another US $7 million.
Since its inauguration on October 5,1971, it has attracted thousands of visitors each year, McCulloch gave an acre of land to London. When Lake Havasu City wanted to use land for a visitors center. Lake Havasu City is a destination for a wide range of people. During the spring months, the community is joined by university students during Spring Break, with its reputation as a party community, Lake Havasu has twice been featured during MTVs Spring Break coverage. For boaters, March to September are the months on Lake Havasu. During the winter months, the community is joined by retirees from colder regions of the country, during this period, multiple events are held on McCulloch Boulevard. Lake Havasu City is located at 34°29′24″N 114°18′32″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 43.1 square miles. The only surface access to Lake Havasu City is by road via Arizona State Route 95, who designed Disneyland, was hired by Robert McCulloch to lay out Lake Havasus unique road system.
Lake Havasu City does not have a public transit system, private shuttles provide transportation to Las Vegas and Laughlin, Nevada
The Hohokam were an ancient Native American culture centered in the present US state of Arizona. The Hohokam are one of the four cultures of the American Southwest. Variant spellings in current, official usage include Hobokam, according to the National Park Service Website, Hohokam is an Oodham word used by archaeologists to identify a group of people who lived in the Sonoran Desert. According to local tradition, the Hohokam may be the ancestors of the historic Pima. Recent academic research focused on the Sobaipuri, ancient ancestors of the modern Pima, Hohokam, a term borrowed from the Oodham language, is used to define an archaeological culture that existed from the beginning of the common era to about the middle of the 15th century. As an abstract construct, this culture was centered on the middle Gila and this is referred to as the Hohokam Core Area, as opposed to the Hohokam Peripheries, or adjacent regions into which the Hohokam Culture extended. Collectively, the Core and Peripheries formed what is referred to as the Hohokam Regional System, the Hohokam extended into the Mogollon Rim region.
This prehistoric group from the Early Agricultural Period grew corn, lived year round in sedentary villages, the Hohokam used the waters of the Salt and Gila Rivers and constructed an assortment of simple canals combined with weirs in their various agricultural pursuits. These were constructed using relatively simple excavation tools, without the benefit of advanced engineering technologies, and achieved drops of a few feet per mile, balancing erosion and siltation. Over 70 years of research has revealed that the Hohokam cultivated varieties of cotton, maize, beans. Late in the Hohokam Chronological Sequence, they used extensive dry-farming systems, primarily to grow agave for food. But, by the century, a distinct Hohokam architectural tradition emerged. Hohokam burial practices varied over time, the primary method employed was flexed inhumation, similar to the tradition used by the southern Mogollon culture, located immediately to the east. Although the particulars of the practice changed somewhat, the Hohokam cremation tradition remained dominant until around 1300, at this time, extended inhumation, similar to that used by the Salado tradition to the north and northeast, was quickly adopted.
Also, many of the details of the late Hohokam burial patterns were similar to the tradition practiced by the historic Tohono. This section provides an outline of the Hohokam chronological sequence. As an archaeological construct, the HCS uses a culture history-based period/phase scheme designed to provide a narrative of what has been perceived as a sequence of significant cultural change. Overall, the reason the HCS is confusing is that two primary methods of expressing this information are used, and within context, a vast plethora of theoretical variants have been posited
Oatman is a town in the Black Mountains of Mohave County, United States. Oatmans population grew to more than 3,500 in the course of a year, Oatman has the ZIP code 86433, the Tabulation Area had a population of 128 at the 2000 census. She was traded to Mohave Indians, who adopted her as a daughter and had her face tattooed in the custom of the tribe and she was released in 1855 near the current site of the town. The boom of 1915-17 gave Oatman all the characters and characteristics of any gold rush boomtown, for about a decade, the mines of Oatman were among the largest gold producers in the American West. In 1921, a burned down many of Oatmans smaller buildings. Built in 1902, the Oatman Hotel remains the oldest two-story adobe structure in Mohave County and it is especially famous as the honeymoon stop of Clark Gable and Carole Lombard after their wedding in Kingman on March 18,1939. Gable fell in love with the area and returned often to play poker with the miners, the Gable-Lombard honeymoon suite is one of the hotels major attractions.
The other is Oatie the Ghost, flours body was not discovered until two days after his death, upon which it was hastily buried in a shallow grave near where he was found. Oatman was fortunate insofar as it was located on busy U. S. Route 66 and was able to cater to travelers driving between Kingman and Needles, California. Yet even that advantage was short-lived, as the town was bypassed in 1953 when a new route between Kingman and Needles was built. By the 1960s, Oatman was all but abandoned, though normally gentle, the burros are in fact wild and signs posted throughout Oatman advise visitors to exercise caution. The burros are descended from pack animals turned loose by early prospectors, weekends in Oatman can see anything from classic car rallies to mock Wild West shootouts right down the middle of old Route 66. Independence Day celebrations include a contest, known as the Oatman Egg Fry, Oatman is fiercely proud of its Route 66 heritage and replicas of 66s black-on-white U. S. highway shield are posted all over the town.
Route 66 souvenirs abound and many tourists have pasted autographed one-dollar bills on the walls and ceiling of the Oatman Hotels bar, estimates of the number of bills run into the thousands. From Laughlin, Needles or Bullhead City, Oatman is a drive on State Route 95 to its intersection with Boundary Cone Road in Fort Mohave. About 10 miles east of SR95, Boundary Cone Road meets with old 66, Oatman is only about four miles from there. Oatman has a desert climate, significantly cooler in both summer and winter than the Colorado River lowlands to the west. In summer, while the Colorado River Valley may be sweltering in temperatures well above 100 °F, Oatman is often 10 or more degrees cooler