click links in text for more info

Minho Province

Minho was a former province of Portugal, established in 1936 and dissolved in 1976. It consisted with its capital in the city of Braga. Today, the area would include the districts of Viana do Castelo. Minho has substantial Celtic influences and shares many cultural traits with neighbouring Galicia in Northwestern Spain; the region was part of the Roman Province and early Germanic medieval Kingdom of Gallaecia. Historical remains of Celtic Minho include Briteiros Iron Age Hillfort, the largest Gallaecian native stronghold in the Entre Douro e Minho region, in North Portugal; the University of Minho, founded in 1973, takes its name from the former province. Minho is famous as being the wine Vinho Verde. Braga Guimarães. Viana do Castelo Viana do Lima. Barcelos Fafe Minho River Gallaecia Ave Subregion Peneda-Gerês National Park


Polycarpic plants are those that flower and set seeds many times before dying. A term of identical meaning is iteroparous. Polycarpic plants are able to reproduce multiple times due to at least some portion of its meristems being able to maintain a vegetative state in some fashion so that it may reproduce again; this type of reproduction seems to be best suited for plants who have a fair amount of security in their environment as they do continuously reproduce. In reference to life-history theory, plants will sacrifice their ability in one regard to improve themselves in another regard, so for polycarpic plants that may strive towards continued reproduction, they might focus less on their growth. However, these aspects may not be directly correlated and some plants, notably invasive species, do not follow this general trend and show a long lifespan with frequent reproduction. To an extent, there does seem to be an importance of the balance of these two traits as one study noted how plants that had a short lifespan as well as plants that had a long lifespan and had little reproductive success were not found in any of the nearly 400 plants included in the study.

Due to their reduced development, it has been noted how polycarpic plants have less energy to reproduce than monocarpic plants throughout their lifetimes. In addition, as its lifespan increases, the plant is subject to more inconveniences due to its age, thus might focus more towards adapting to it, resulting in less energy the plant is able to spend on reproduction. One trend, noticed throughout some studies is how quicker lifespans impact how the plants expend their energy towards reproduction. However, the specific structure of polycarpic strategies depends on the specific plant and all polycarpic plants do not seem to have a uniform pattern of how energy is expended on reproduction; these strategies are not concrete and these strategies are subject to being impacted by the random environmental factors or other functions of the plant itself. The threat of competition might be influential in how polycarpic plants choose to reproduce; some studies show that while the competition itself may not be impactful, the plants can still be subject to danger through concerns such as diseases and more.

If polycarpic plants are faced with competition, there are many ways they might respond to it such as focusing more on growth than reproduction in the hopes that they would overcome the competition to reproduce, or, on the other hand, the threat of elimination of the species might be too large that the plant focuses more on reproduction, but this would impact their development, diminishing both their ability to grow and reproduce. This study reports that when pressured, the polycarpic plant seems to focus more on reproduction, which may help them against competition as it allows them to become less overwhelmed. Herbaceous plants will choose to focus on reproduction while woody plants will endure it as woody plants are able to endure more as well as live longer than herbaceous plants, which have a shorter lifespan, would. Monocarpic

1918 East Cavan by-election

The 1918 East Cavan by-election was a parliamentary by-election held for the United Kingdom House of Commons constituency of East Cavan on 20 June 1918. The election was caused by the death of the sitting member, Samuel Young of the Irish Parliamentary Party, it had been clear for a long time that a by-election was for Young was 96 years old and had been in poor health. Within days of his death, the party's founder and former leader Arthur Griffith was nominated as its candidate; the political climate was tense. Having won four by-elections in 1917 - in North Roscommon, South Longford, East Clare and Kilkenny City - Sinn Féin had appeared to be winning a majority of support of the nationalist population. However, since the beginning of the year the Irish Parliamentary Party had won three seats - South Armagh, Waterford City and East Tyrone - in by-elections. With the Irish Convention – boycotted by Sinn Féin – about to present its report on proposals for implementing self-government for Ireland, there was a possibility that Sinn Féin support might be receding.

At this point the British government made what is now regarded as a catastrophic misjudgement. With losses mounting on the Western Front, Prime Minister David Lloyd George decided to tie proposals for self-government to the extension of conscription to Ireland; the backlash among the Nationalist population was strong. On the day of Young's death, an Anti-Conscription Committee was formed in Dublin, which included Griffith and John Dillon, newly elected leader of the IPP; the next day Sinn Féin took the seat of Tullamore in an uncontested by-election, the IPP candidate having withdrawn in the interest of national unity. On 23 April, a one-day general strike brought the country to a halt. Dillon now called for Griffith to stand aside in favour of a neutral candidate, Mayor of Dublin Laurence O'Neill, described his refusal to do so as'wanton provocation'. Griffith, unpopular with the IPP because of his many years of criticisms of what he saw as their excessive moderation, was attacked in the pages of the Freeman's Journal, which supported the Party.

"No other choice could have been calculated to add bitterness to the contest", Dillon commented. Catholic Church leaders without success. J. F. O'Hanlon, a member of Cavan Urban District Council, was nominated as candidate of the IPP. Griffith began the campaign energetically, visiting the constituency five times in just over three weeks; the situation took a new turn on 17 May, when the Viceroy, Lord French, ordered the arrest of a number of Sinn Féin leaders, including Griffiths, citing an alleged'German Plot'. This brought about a wave of sympathy from the public, it was now Dillon's turn to face demands for his candidate to withdraw, he refused, saying it "would be taken as a sign of weakness of the Irish Parliamentary Party were they to withdraw their candidate". Griffith won the support of others including the Irish Parliamentary Party's MPs for North Meath, Patrick White and Cork City, William O'Brien; the campaign focused on economic issues, with the IPP supporters arguing that they had achieved increases in the price of flour, Sinn Féin claiming responsibility for a rise in old age pensions.

At one meeting, there were reports of mud and eggs being thrown at speakers supporting O'Hanlon. Griffith's fellow Vice-President in Fr. Michael O'Flanagan, defying his Bishop's censure, came to Cavan and gave a speech at Ballyjamesduff on Sunday 26 May; this oration became known as'Father O'Flanagan's Suppressed Speech' and was proscribed by the censor. Sinn Féin published the speech. Reports shortly before the voting suggested it would be close-run: "Both sides express confidence in the result", The Times reported, "but it is admitted that the Nationalist candidate has improved his chances considerably in the past fortnight"; when the votes were counted, Griffith was elected with 3,785 votes as against 2,581 for O'Hanlon. In keeping with his party's abstentionist policy, Griffith refused to take his seat at Westminster, he was re-elected for the seat in the general election of 1918. It seems clear that the threat of conscription was a major factor in Sinn Féin's victory, along with the'German Plot' arrests.

Without them, Dillon argued, his party would have won a decisive majority. Michael Laffan writes that the victory "enabled Sinn Féin to regain its momentum of 1917 and to recover from its setbacks in the three recent campaigns"

Iestyn Polson

Iestyn Polson is an English music producer, songwriter and mixer best known for his work with David Gray, Patti Smith and David Bowie. From London, Polson is based in New York City. Iestyn Polson grew up in London and formed his first band at age 11. Polson learned to play multiple instruments throughout his childhood and became interested in record production. Through engineering in studios in London, Polson was introduced to singer/songwriter David Gray, compiling demos at the time; the two began working together resulting in the multi-platinum selling album White Ladder. The album was made for less than $5,000 in the UK singer-songwriter's London apartment, combines Gray's now signature sound of electronic grooves and acoustic folk. Polson used custom loops and samples programmed and sequenced with an Akai sampler. Iestyn has collaborated with David Gray on every album since including the most recent forthcoming album. In addition to Polson's collaboration with Gray, he has produced and engineered albums for Simple Kid, David Bowie, David Usher, Patti Smith, James Maddock.

Iestyn Polson is represented by Global Positioning Services in Santa Monica and New York City. Http://


WPKX is a commercial AM radio station licensed to Rochester, New Hampshire that broadcasts a sports radio format supplied from Fox Sports Radio. The station is owned by iHeartMedia, Inc. and serves the Portsmouth-Dover-Rochester media market heard in Southern Maine. WPKX broadcasts at 5000 watts around the clock from a transmitter off Route 108 in Rochester. To protect other stations on 930 kHz, WPKX uses a directional antenna at night. WPKX signed on in 1947 as WWNH. A 1,000 watt daytimer, the station boosted power to 5,000 watts in 1954 and added night service, with the same power in 1967. WWNH was an easy listening station by 1971, it became a contemporary station in 1974. An FM sister station, WWNH-FM was added October 21, 1979. Strafford Broadcasting Corporation sold WWNH to Salmanson Communications Partners in 1987. Salmanson changed the call letters to WKOS and the format to adult standards, via the AM Only service from Transtar Radio Networks. Another sale, this time to Bear Broadcasting Company, followed in 1990.

In 1994, WZNN was again sold, this time to Precision Media, owner of WMYF and WERZ. However, although WZNN and WMYF simulcast a local morning show, the station could not air the Stardust programming WMYF aired the remainder of the day, as WZNN's signal overlapped with that network's Lakes Region affiliate, WASR. Precision Media sold its stations in the market to American Radio Systems in 1997. ARS soon applied to transition WZNN to an expanded band allocation on 1700 kHz, with proposed call letters WAYU, it sold WZNN and WAYU, along with its other Seacoast properties, to Capstar Broadcasting in the midst of a merger with CBS Radio. Capstar converted WZNN and WMYF to a simulcast of Manchester sister station WGIR in September 1998, with 930 taking the WGIN callsign soon afterward. Along with the WGIR simulcast came an affiliation with NBC Radio, subsequently phased out by Westwood One in favor of CNN Radio. A few months Capstar merged with fellow Hicks, Tate & Furst subsidiary Chancellor Media to form AMFM Broadcasting, which itself announced a merger with Clear Channel Communications several months afterward.

In the meantime, plans for WAYU were abandoned, its construction permit was canceled on December 22, 2000. The station picked up Fox News Radio in the mid-2000s after Clear Channel signed a larger agreement with the service. In April 2011, WGIN dropped the WGIR simulcast and began to simulcast WMYF. Most of the syndicated programming heard on WGIN is now carried on sister station WQSO. In 2013, the simulcast with WMYF ended and WPKX shifted to Fox Sports Radio. Most of WPKX's programming is provided by Fox Sports Radio; the station carries play-by-play of the Boston Bruins, the New Hampshire Fisher Cats (in contrast to WMYF's broadcasts of the Portland Sea Dogs, the New Hampshire Wildcats. Official website Query the FCC's AM station database for WPKX Radio-Locator Information on WPKX Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WPKX

St Michael and All Angels' Church, Lesnewth

St Michael and All Angels’ Church, Lesnewth is a Grade II* listed parish church in the Church of England in Lesnewth, Cornwall. The church dates from the 12th century. With the exception of the tower, it was rebuilt between 1865 and 1866 by James Piers St Aubyn at a cost of £700; the contractor was Cann. The church is in the Boscastle and Tintagel group of parishes which includes: St Symphorian's Church, Forrabury St Merteriana's Church, Minster St Materiana's Church, Tintagel St Denis’ Church, Otterham St Julitta's Church, St Juliot The Holy Family Church, Treknow St Piran's Church, Trethevy St Petroc's Church, Trevalga