City of Liverpool (New South Wales)
The City of Liverpool is a local government area to the south-west of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The area encompasses 305.5 square kilometres and its administrative centre is located in the suburb of Liverpool. The Mayor of the City is Cr. Wendy Waller, a member of the Labor Party; the following suburbs and localities are located within the City of Liverpool At the 2016 census there were 204,326 people in the Liverpool local government area, of these 49.6 per cent were male and 50.4 per cent were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.5 per cent of the population. The median age of people in the City of Liverpool was 33 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 22.7 per cent of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 10.4 per cent of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 51.8 per cent were married and 11.0 per cent were either divorced or separated. Population growth in the City of Liverpool between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 7.14 per cent and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 census, population growth was 9.44 per cent.
At the 2016 census, the population in the City increased by 13.24 per cent. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same period, being 8.8 per cent, population growth in the Liverpool local government area was higher than the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Liverpool was lower than the national average. At the 2016 census, the area was linguistically diverse, with a higher than average proportion where two or more languages are spoken; the proportion of residents who stated a religious affiliation with Islam was in excess of four times the national average. Liverpool City Council is composed of eleven Councillors, including the Mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office; the Mayor is directly elected while the ten other Councillors are elected proportionally as two separate wards, each electing five Councillors. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, the makeup of the Council, including the Mayor, is as follows: The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election by ward, is: It is one of the oldest urban settlements in Australia, founded in 1810 as an agricultural centre by Governor Lachlan Macquarie.
He named it after Robert Banks Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool, the Secretary of State for the Colonies and the British city of Liverpool upon which some of the city's architecture is based. Liverpool is at the head of navigation of the Georges River and combined with the Great Southern Railway from Sydney to Melbourne reaching Liverpool in the late 1850s, Liverpool became a major agricultural and transportation centre as the land in the district was productive. A large army base was established in Liverpool during World War I, exists to this day as the Holsworthy Barracks. There are a number of other military establishments in neighbouring Moorebank; until the 1950s, Liverpool was still a satellite town with an agricultural economy based on poultry farming and market gardening. However the tidal surge of urban sprawl which engulfed the rich flatlands west of Sydney known as the Cumberland Plain soon reached Liverpool, it became an outer suburb of metropolitan Sydney with a strong working-class presence and manufacturing facilities.
Liverpool became renowned for its vast Housing Commission estates housing thousands of low-income families after the slum clearance and urban renewal programs in inner-city Sydney in the 1960s. The Liverpool central business district has become the major commercial centre of south-west Sydney, as it includes many shopping centers and high-rise office buildings. Within the City of Liverpool area there are natural environment areas; these include the Georges River, Chipping Norton Lakes and other bushland areas which are part of Western Sydney Parklands. A shooting centre in the area was used as part of the 2000 Olympic Games, Warwick Farm Racecourse is used as a track for horse race meetings in Sydney. A significant part of the City's land area is still devoted to smallhold agriculture, though this is being enveloped by urban sprawl. Liverpool's road transport facilities include the Hume Highway, the Cumberland Highway, the M5 motorway, the M7 motorway; the local government area is connected to the Sydney Trains commuter rail network on the Airport, Inner West & South and Cumberland lines.
These services use the Main Southern railway line through the Liverpool local government area. The Liverpool–Parramatta T-way bus rapid transit line links the City of Liverpool with the City of Parramatta; the City of Liverpool is home to the largest municipal library in Australia, a large teaching hospital, two technical colleges and many shopping centres and office buildings. Industries include a large cable factory, a telephone manufacturer, pharmaceutical laboratories and cold storage plants. List of local government areas in New South Wales Local government areas of New South Wales Liverpool City Council website
Alexander Mair was an Australian politician and served as the Premier of New South Wales from 5 August 1939 to 16 May 1941. Born in Melbourne, Mair worked in various businesses there before moving to Albury, New South Wales where he went on to be a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for fourteen years. In 1932, Mair was re-elected a further four times, he rose through the cabinet of Bertram Stevens' United Australia Party government, becoming an Assistant Minister in April 1938, Minister for Labour and Industry in June and Colonial Treasurer in October. A staunch supporter of Stevens throughout his Premiership, Mair became his successor as Premier in August 1939 following Stevens' defeat in a no-confidence motion moved by renegade Minister, Eric Spooner. Becoming Premier at a difficult time for the government, Mair's leadership was marked by his unification of his fractious party, the reining-in of government expenditure and increased taxes to reduce debt, new labor laws to reduce unemployment.
When the Second World War broke out in September 1939, Mair mobilised the state towards the war effort but found it difficult to communicate his message to the voters. He served as Premier until losing the May 1941 election to the Labor Party under William McKell, losing 20 seats. Remaining as Opposition Leader, with the UAP shattered, Mair became leader of the new Democratic Party and was involved in the negotiations to unite the broken conservative parties and form the Liberal Party in 1945; when Reginald Weaver died in November 1945, only months after becoming the first leader of the Liberal Party in New South Wales, Mair was selected to succeed him. Mair remained as leader, he was unsuccessful and thereafter retired back to Melbourne, where he died in 1969, aged 79. Alexander Mair was born on 25 August 1889 in the Melbourne suburb of North Carlton, the eldest child of Victorian-born parents Alexander Mair, a timber and steel merchant, his wife Florence Mair. Mair was educated at Wesley College, where he excelled in sports, later at Bradshaw's Business College.
Upon leaving education, Mair was employed in his father's company, Alexander Mair & Co, timber and steel merchants. On 29 October 1913, Mair married Grace Lennox at the Scots' Church and together had two sons and Sandy, a daughter, Margaret; when his father died in that year, Mair took charge of the company, which expanded into hardware. He involved himself in every facet of the company visiting overseas suppliers. However, a bout of influenza in the 1919 epidemic and subsequent asthma led him to withdraw from business. In 1922 he sold the steelyard and in 1925 sold the rest of the company's other assets to James McEwan & Co. Pty Ltd, serving as a director of the latter until 1927. In 1928, Mair purchased'Rockwood', a grazing property outside of Albury, New South Wales, where the Mairs raised sheep and cattle as well as grain. Mair first entered politics at the 11 June 1932 election, when he stood as the United Australia Party candidate for the local seat of Albury in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly.
The election campaign was noted for having occurred not long after the dismissal of Premier Jack Lang, was affected by violence by the right-wing New Guard. Despite this, Mair gained the seat from Joseph Fitzgerald. Despite only gaining 30.65% of the primary vote to Fitzgerald's 40.07%, Mair was able to secure the seat with Country Party preferences, on a 58-41% margin. As the local member, Mair became interested in helping those affected by the Great Depression and fulfilled his election promise to give most of his parliamentary salary to the poor in his own electorate, a practice which he continued until 1938. Serving on the backbench, Mair was noted for being a strong supporter of Premier Bertram Stevens at a time when party discipline within the UAP was non-existent. Mair soon built up a reputation for being a loyal, yet strongly independent member of parliament, a powerful debater in the House. At the May 1935 election, Mair was returned in his seat with an increased margin of 59.03%. In 1937, he visited Britain with his wife for the coronation of King George VI and attempted to enter the Soviet Union, in an attempt to study the social problems associated with a communist system, as a sailor on a Norwegian ship, but was refused entry.
At the March 1938 election, Mair was returned with a reduced margin of 57.76%. On this occasion, Mair was appointed to Premier Stevens' new cabinet as an Assistant Minister on 13 April 1938, he served in this capacity for ten weeks until 1 June 1938, when he was promoted as the Minister for Labour and Industry, vacated by the death of his predecessor, John Dunningham. Despite serving only a brief time in this portfolio, Mair was successful, gaining a reputation as understanding and sympathetic to worker's views, leading to the resolution of several industrial disputes, he served until 13 October. Upon taking office, Mair proposed drastic cuts in expenditure to bring the budget back into balance, to find new sources of taxation income; as part of this, he issued a circular to all government Ministers to declare any expenditure over £3000 to Treasury for approval. All complied except Deputy Leader and Minister for Public Works and Local Government, Eric Spooner, who sought to undermine confidence in Stevens' leadership.
In July 1939, Stevens and Mair attempted to prevent Spooner's disruptive tactics by creating a committee of four, consisting of Mair, Stevens and Country Party Leader
John Brophy "Jack" Renshaw AC was an Australian politician. He was Labor Premier of New South Wales from 30 April 1964 to 13 May 1965, he was the first New South Wales Premier born in the 20th century. Jack Renshaw was born on 8 August 1909 near Wellington in central New South Wales, his parents were Ann Renshaw. When he was six his parents took up a selection near the town of Binnaway. Five years his father died in a farm accident, leaving his widow to raise eight children. Following Ann Renshaw's remarriage the family prospered and came to own a fuel depot and station agency and butchery in the town. Renshaw was educated at Binnaway Central School, Patrician Brothers at Orange, Holy Cross College at Ryde in north-western Sydney. After leaving school at the age of 14 he helped to run the family dairy property at Hampden Park, helped operate a milk run out of Binnaway. Renshaw joined the Binnaway branch of the Australian Labor Party in 1930, soon held office in the branch, he served on the state and federal electorate councils in the area, including as President of the Gwydir Electorate Council from 1939 to 1949.
He was active in local government, serving as an councillor in the Coonabarabran Shire Council from 1937 to 1944. From 1939 to 1941 he was Shire President, becoming the youngest shire president in Australia at the time, he resigned as Shire President in May 1941 following his election to state Parliament. During the late 1930s he held a position on the Northern Executive of the Wheat Growers' Union. In 1939 he was rejected due to a defect in his eyesight. Renshaw was encouraged to run for state parliament in the local seat of Castlereagh by William Scully, the federal member for Gwydir, after Renshaw had worked as campaign director for him, he was supported by the Premier, William McKell, who realised that Renshaw's strong local identity and links to the farming community would help him in an election. Renshaw stood in the 1941 election, winning the seat from the Country Party member, Alfred Yeo, who had held Castlereagh for the previous nine years. From 1945 to 1950 Renshaw was a member of the central executive of the NSW ALP. Renshaw was appointed Secretary for Lands in 1950 under Premier James McGirr.
Relying upon his strong knowledge of agricultural and rural issues, he aggressively prosecuted the case for Labor's policy of compulsory resumption of large properties so that they could be subdivided. At the time it was believed the land was being under-utilised by land speculators and large agricultural companies and that closer settlement would promote the development of rural districts and solve post-war food shortages; the policy was opposed by the wealthier graziers, represented in part by the Country Party and the United Farmers' Association. Impressed by his handling of the closer settlement debate, the new Premier Joe Cahill promoted Renshaw to Secretary for Public Works in 1952, he became Minister for Local Government in 1953 transferring from Public Works to Minister for Highways in 1956. Renshaw went on to serve as Deputy Premier from 1959 to 1964, Treasurer from 1959 to 1965, he served as Minister for Lands from 1960 to 1961, Minister for Agriculture from 1961 to 1962 and Minister for Industrial Development and Decentralisation from 1962 to 1965.
When Heffron retired in April 1964, Renshaw became Premier. This tenure proved to be no more than a stopgap for a party seen as tired and unfocused after being in office since 1941. Of the 16 members in Renshaw's cabinet, six were aged 65 years or more, most had been in cabinet during Labor's entire quarter-century run in government. Renshaw waited as long as he could before calling an election for 1 May 1965; the Liberal leader, Bob Askin used the slogan "Twenty-four years of Labor misrule." Renshaw found it difficult to connect with urban voters, his problems in adjusting to the new pressures of television only exacerbated his electoral failings. By contrast, Askin showed substantial skill with the TV medium. At the election, Labor suffered a nine-seat swing against it; the Coalition garnered the support of two conservative independents, allowing Askin to become Premier. For the first time in 24 years, the ALP was out of office in New South Wales. With his federal party colleagues having been in opposition since 1949, Renshaw is to date the last Labor Premier who did not encounter a Labor Prime Minister during his time in office.
Renshaw suffered a second and still more severe electoral defeat at the hands of Askin in 1968. He resigned soon after this election, was succeeded by former Deputy Premier Pat Hills. Renshaw remained an important figure both in the state parliament and in Labor's ruling circles. After that he was the state's Agent-General in London, holding that office till 1983. On 12 November 1942 Renshaw married Hilda May Wall, at Elizabeth Bay. Wall died in April 1964, just weeks, his second wife, whom he married on 11 April 1966 at Holy Cross Catholic Church, was Marjorie Mackay née Nolan. He died at the age of 77 in 1987 in the northern Sydney suburb of Northbridge. In the Australia Day Honours of 1979, he was named a Companion of the Order of Australia. John Renshaw Drive, a section of road in the Hunter Region, adjoining the Pacific Highway is named in Renshaw's honour. Jack Renshaw Bridge across the Castlereagh River a
City of Randwick
The City of Randwick is a local government area in the eastern suburbs of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Established in 1859, Randwick is the second-oldest local government area in New South Wales, after the City of Sydney, it comprises an area of 36 square kilometres and as at the 2016 census had a population of 140,660. The Mayor of the City of Randwick is Cr. Kathy Neilson, a member of NSW Labor, elected on 26 September 2018. Suburbs and localities in the City of Randwick are: These localities are serviced by Randwick Council: Indigenous Australian history in the area dates back tens of thousands of years; the local people at the time of colonisation were the Cadigal of the Dharug language group. European settlement led to the deaths of many Cadigal via introduced diseases or in conflict with settlers; the surviving Cadigal were pushed to the fringes of settlement. By the mid-nineteenth century, the original tribal groupings had been destroyed; the name Randwick comes from the village of Randwick in Gloucestershire, birthplace of the district's first mayor Simeon Henry Pearce.
The area was home to a few wealthy landowners and the poor residents of several shantytowns until the 1880s, when the coming of trams from Sydney brought extensive suburban development. This development continued with new tram lines opening up most of the city for subdivision by the early 1900s; the New South Wales University of Technology opened at Kensington in 1949 on the site of Kensington Racecourse becoming the University of New South Wales. A 2015 review of local government boundaries recommended that the City of Randwick merge with the Waverley and Woollahra councils to form a new council with an area of 58 square kilometres and support a population of 274,000. Following an independent review, in May 2016 the NSW Government sought to dismiss the Council and force its amalgamation with Woollahra and Waverley councils. Woollahra Council instigated legal action claiming that there was procedural unfairness and that a KPMG report at the centre of merger proposals had been "misleading"; the matter was heard before the NSW Court of Appeal who, in December 2016, unanimously dismissed Woollahra Council's appeal, finding no merit in its arguments that the proposed merger with Waverley and Randwick councils was invalid.
In July 2017, the Berejiklian government decided to abandon the forced merger of the Woollahra and Randwick local government areas, along with several other proposed forced mergers. At the 2016 census, there were 140,660 people in the Randwick local government area, of these 49.2% were male and 50.8% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.5% of the population. The median age of people in the City of Randwick was 34 years. Children aged 0–14 years made up 14.9% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 13.4% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 38.5% were married and 9.1% were either divorced or separated. Population growth in the City of Randwick between the 2001 Census and the 2006 census was 1.10%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% population growth in Randwick local government area was lower than the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Randwick was higher than the national average.
Randwick City Council is composed of fifteen Councillors elected proportionally as five separate wards, each electing three Councillors. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office; the Mayor is elected for a two-year term, with the Deputy Mayor for one year, by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 9 September 2017, the makeup of the Council is as follows: The current Council, elected in 2017, in order of election by ward, is: The City of Randwick has a number of heritage-listed sites, including those listed under the New South Wales Heritage Register: Centennial Park, 3R Oxford Street: Centennial Park Reservoir Centennial Park, 5R Oxford Street: Woollahra Reservoir Coogee, 45-51 Beach Street: Cliffbrook Coogee, Grant Reserve: McIver Women's Baths Coogee, 4b Neptune Street: Wylie's Baths Kensington, 85 Todman Avenue: Carthona La Perouse, Bare Island Fort La Perouse, 46 Adina Avenue: La Perouse Mission Church La Perouse, 1-39 Bunnerong Road: Chinese Market Gardens Little Bay, 1430 Anzac Parade: Prince Henry Site Malabar, 1250 Anzac Parade: Long Bay Correctional Centre Malabar, Franklin Street: Malabar Headland Randwick, Centennial Park, Moore Park, Queens Park Randwick, 124 Alison Road: Randwick Post Office Randwick, 162 Alison Road: Randwick Presbyterian Church Randwick, 102-108 Avoca Street: St Jude's Church, Randwick Randwick, 211-215 Avoca Street: Corana and Hygeia Randwick, 128 Belmore Road: Sandgate Randwick, 60 Bundock Lane: Electricity Substation No. 341 Randwick, 66 Frenchmans Road: Venice Randwick, 17 Gilderthorpe Avenue: Hooper Cottage Randwick, 16-18 Milford Street: Nugal Hall Randwick, 2S Frances Street: Electricity Substation No. 349 Randwick, 43 St Marks Road: Rathven Randwick, 43 St Pauls Street: Ritz Cinema, Sydney Randwick, 18-20 Stanley Street: Emanuel School, Australia Randwick, 26-42 The Avenue: Avonmore Terrace Randwick, 29-39 Young Street: Big Stable Newmarket Randwick City Council website Randwick City Tourism
Lieutenant Colonel Sir Michael Frederick Bruxner was an Australian politician and soldier, serving for many years as leader of the Country Party in New South Wales. Born in the north of the state, Bruxner was educated at The Armidale School and started studies at University of Sydney but dropped out to take up employment as a grazier and station agent in Tenterfield. After serving in the Citizen Military Forces from 1911, Bruxner enlisted into the Australian Light Horse upon the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. Serving with distinction in Gallipoli and Palestine, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and awarded the Distinguished Service Order. Returning to Australia in 1919, Bruxner sold his business and joined the Progressive Party, being elected to the Parliament of New South Wales for Northern Tablelands at the 1920 election. Bruxner came to political prominence when he led the rural "True Blues" faction of the Progressive Party that went against their Leader's decision to form a coalition in Sir George Fuller's short-lived government in 1921.
Bruxner emerged as the leader of the reduced Progressive Party, which consisted of the members of his faction, but they joined with Fuller's Nationalists to form government in 1922. Bruxner became involved in the New England New State Movement. Bruxner resigned the party leadership, now for the renamed Country Party, at the end of 1925. At the 1927 election, with the abandonment of proportional representation, he won the new seat of Tenterfield unopposed. Bruxner was included in new Premier Thomas Bavin's cabinet as Minister for Local Government, which included the responsibility for transport, he served. In April 1932 Bruxner was elected again as the new Country Party Leader, which he would hold continuously until 1958; when Sir Philip Game dismissed Jack Lang and called upon the Leader of the Opposition Bertram Stevens to form a caretaker government in 1932, Stevens formed a coalition with Bruxner's Country Party and Bruxner was named as the first Deputy Premier of New South Wales. Bruxner was sworn in as Minister for Transport and resumed his former Local Government portfolio.
Bruxner worked with his long-time friend and Minister for Education David Drummond, to establish the New England University College in 1938, to become the University of New England. Bruxner was central in ensuring Alexander Mair became Premier after Stevens was defeated in the house in August 1939; the Coalition lost government at the 10 May 1941 election and Bruxner would never again serve in government. The rest of Bruxner's parliamentary career was to be on the opposition benches, leading the Country Party through five more elections and through the instability of the larger opposition parties that united as the Liberal Party. On 6 May 1958, Bruxner formally resigned as Leader of the Country Party, having served continuously in that role since 1932, he continued to serve in his capacity as Member for Tenterfield for one more term before retiring from politics before the 1962 election. Bruxner was Knighted as a KBE in 1962, thereafter served in various capacities on boards and continued his passion for horses before his death aged 88 on 28 March 1970.
Bruxner was born in Tabulum, near the Clarence River in Northern New South Wales, the second son of English-born grazier Charles Augustus Bruxner and his wife Sarah Elizabeth Barnes. Bruxner was educated in private tuition but was soon sent as a boarder first at St Mark's Crescent School in Darling Point, Sydney and to The Armidale School, where he became School Captain in 1900. From 1901 to 1903, he studied arts and law at the University of Sydney while resident at St Paul's College, but was expelled for non-attendance of lectures. Returning to home to work as a grazier, Bruxner moved to Tenterfield and set up business as a Stock and station agent, he purchased "Roseneath", a grazing property near Tenterfield, where he bred Hereford cattle. On 17 June 1908 at Christ Church, Kiama, he married Winifred Catherine Hay Caird. Bruxner became vice-president of the local agricultural society and of the Cricket and Rugby clubs in Tenterfield. Being a racehorse owner, Bruxner rose to be President of the Tenterfield Jockey Club from 1909 to 1911.
He was commissioned as a Justice of the Peace in 1914. Bruxner started his military career when he was commissioned as a second lieutenant on 11 September 1911 in the 6th Australian Light Horse, Citizen Military Forces, redesignated the 5th the following year; when the First World War broke out in September 1914, Bruxner joined up soon after on 10 October 1914 with the 6th Light Horse Regiment in the Australian Imperial Force. Promoted to captain, Bruxner was sent with his unit to take part in the Gallipoli Campaign, being wounded several times. In 1916, he commanded the 6th during part of the Battle of Romani and served with distinction in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign, for which he was mentioned in despatches twice. On 30 May 1917 was appointed by the President of France, Raymond Poincaré, as a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur "in recognition of distinguished services during the campaign". In 1917, Bruxner was appointed to General Headquarters and rose to be assistant adjutant and quartermaster-general of the ANZAC Mounted Division.
For his service he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and appointed as a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order in 1919. In July 1919, he returned Australia and was discharged a month in August. Bruxner returned to Tenterfield, sold his stock and station agency and went back to his property as a grazier, they raised a family, having a daughter, Helen E
Municipality of Leichhardt
The Municipality of Leichhardt was a local government area in the inner-west region of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It is about 10 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district. On 12 May 2016, Leichhardt merged with Marrickville Council and the Municipality of Ashfield to form the Inner West Council; the Mayor of the Leichhardt Municipal Council was Cr. Darcy Byrne, a member of Labor Party. Suburbs in the Municipality of Leichhardt were: At the 2011 Census, there were 52,198 people in the Leichhardt local government area, of these 47.4% were male and 52.6% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.0% of the population. The median age of people in the Municipality of Leichhardt was 37 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 16.8% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 10.3% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 40.9% were married and 12.6% were either divorced or separated. Population in the Municipality of Leichhardt between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census decreased by 20.2%.
This was due to an alteration of the boundary between Leichhardt and the Sydney local government areas that took effect in 2003. The suburbs of Glebe, Forest Lodge and parts of Annandale were transferred from Leichhardt to the City of Sydney. In the subsequent five years from the 2006 Census to the 2011 Census, population growth was 7.02%. When compared with total population growth of Australia in the most recent Census, being 8.32%, population growth in the Leichhardt local government area was lower than the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the Municipality of Leichhardt was higher than the national average; as at the 2011 Census, the Municipality of Leichhardt had double the national and state average of people who spoke Italian at home. Leichhardt Municipal Council was composed of twelve Councillors elected proportionally as four separate wards, each electing three Councillors. All Councillors were elected for a fixed four-year term of office, with the Mayor elected annually by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council.
The last election was held on 8 September 2012, the final makeup of the Council was as follows: The Municipality of Leichhardt stands on land that traditionally belonged to the Gadigal and Wangal people, of the Eora nation. It has a long cultural heritage and a special beauty that comes from its Sydney Harbour location and its old suburb origins. Leichhardt is named after the Prussian explorer Ludwig Leichhardt, who in the 1840s was feted for his 4,800 kilometres expedition in search of an overland route from southern Queensland to Port Essington, a British settlement on the far northern coast of Australia, 300 kilometres to the north of the modern city of Darwin, he famously vanished without trace on his attempt to cross the continent from the Darling Downs to the Swan River Colony on the Western Australia coast. Leichhardt was proclaimed a municipality in 29 December 1871. In 1893, the East Ward of the Municipality became the Borough of Annandale. In 1949, it was merged with the municipalities of Balmain.
In 1967, the municipal boundary was altered to include parts of Camperdown. In 2003, the municipal boundary was again changed, to exclude the Annandale Foreshore and Forest Lodge, which are now part of the City of Sydney. Since the middle of the 20th century, Leichhardt has been a centre for Sydney's Italian community. Leichhardt is home to the first non-government women's health centre to be established in Australia. On International Women's Day 1974, the Leichhardt Women's Community Health Centre opened as a result of grass-roots lobbying from women in the community and Sydney's Women's Liberation Movement. Funded through Federal Government funds, the centre is now funded by the NSW Health and continues to run multi-disciplinary health care clinics and health education from its base in Leichhardt and in outreach locations throughout Sydney's inner west. A 2015 review of local government boundaries recommended that the Municipality of Leichhardt merge with the Municipality of Ashfield and the Marrickville Council to form a new council with an area of 35 square kilometres and support a population of 186,000.
On 12 May 2016 Leichhardt Council was dissolved and merged with neighbours Municipality of Ashfield and Marrickville Council to form the Inner West Council. Leichhardt Park, which includes the Leichhardt Park Aquatic Centre is in Lilyfield, as is Leichhardt Oval in Mary Street, the homeground of the Wests Tigers; the Bay Run around Iron Cove is a popular bicycling and running track, passing along the foreshore of Lilyfield and Rozelle, linking to paths along Hawthorne Canal on the western border of Leichhardt. Callan Park in Lilyfield, bordering Iron Cove, offers open space for walking and passive recreation. Pioneer Memorial Park in Norton St, has gardens and paths for passive recreation, it is built on the site of Balmain Cemetery. Illoura, Ballast Point and Yarulbin Parks have superb Harbour locations in the Balmain Peninsular. ^a Census data for 2001 contains information for the suburbs of Glebe, Forest Lodge and parts of Annandale that were transferred from Leichhardt to the City of Sydney in 2003.
Leichhardt Municipal Council website
Tweed Shire is a local government area located in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, Australia. The shire is located adjacent to the border with Queensland; the shire, administered from the town of Murwillumbah, covers an area of 1,321.0 square kilometres, has existed as a local government entity since 1947. It was named for the Tweed River, it is the location of the jungle used in the U. K. TV series I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here! The current Mayor of Tweed Shire Council is Cr. Katie Milne of The Greens; the European history of the Tweed Shire began in 1823 when the Tweed River was discovered by John Oxley. After sheltering on Cook Island, Oxely travelled 11 kilometres up river. In 1828, Captain H. J. Rous explored 50 kilometres up the river. Settlers began to arrive in 1828, the first of which were the cedar getters, who came to harvest Great Red Cedars and send them back to England. During the height of the cedar logging industry, the Tweed Valley was one of the wealthiest districts in Australia.
The Municipality of Murwillumbah was created on 25 May 1902, held its first meeting on 22 August 1902, at which Peter Street was elected its first Mayor. The Shire of Tweed, with its primary centre of population at Tumbulgum on the Tweed River, came into being in the surrounding area on 7 March 1906 with the enactment of the Local Government Act 1906. On 1 January 1947, the two amalgamated to form Tweed Shire; the Tweed Shire has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Murwillumbah, Casino-Murwillumbah railway: Murwillumbah railway station High Conservation Value Old Growth forest Tweed Heads Tweed Coast Murwillumbah Towns Other localities At the 2011 census, there were 85,105 people in the Tweed local government area, of these 48.2 per cent were male and 51.8 per cent were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.5 per cent of the population, higher than the national and state averages of 2.5 per cent. The median age of people in the Tweed Shire area was 45 years, higher than the national median of 37 years.
Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 17.8 per cent of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 22.9 per cent of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 47.5 per cent were married and 15.3 per cent were either divorced or separated. Population growth in the Tweed Shire area between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 7.45 per cent. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78 per cent and 8.32 per cent population growth in the Tweed local government area was marginally higher than the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the Tweed Shire area was lower than the national average. At the 2011 census, the proportion of residents in the Tweed local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Saxon exceeded 80 per cent of all residents. In excess of 59 per cent of all residents in the Tweed Shire nominated a religious affiliation with Christianity at the 2011 census, higher than the national average of 50.2 per cent.
Meanwhile, as at the census date, compared to the national average, households in the Tweed local government area had a lower than average proportion where two or more languages are spoken. In May 2005, the Governor of New South Wales dismissed the Tweed Shire Council following a public inquiry that found the Council was improperly influenced by developers involved in a property boom in the area; the inquiry was commissioned by the Minister for Local Government, Tony Kelly, following community concern about the way planning decisions were made. The Minister appointed the Director-general of the Department of Local Government, Garry Payne, former Sydney Lord Mayor Lucy Turnbull and former Tweed Shire councillor, Max Boyd as Administrators for the ensuing three years. Tweed Shire Council is composed of seven Councillors elected proportionally as one entire ward; the Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council.
The most recent election was held on 29 October 2016, the makeup of the Council is as follows: The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election, is