Ministry of Environment (Denmark)
Ministry of the Environment of Denmark is the Danish ministry in charge of near all matters concerning Environmental issues in Denmark. The head office is in Copenhagen. Created in 1971 as the Ministry of Pollution Combating, it changed its name in 1973 to the current Ministry of the Environment. However, from 1994 to 2005 it was known as the Ministry of Environment and Energy, as the ministry was merged with the Ministry of Energy. In 2005, the energy sector was detached again and the ministry reverted to the old name. In a press release on 21 March 2007, the ministry announced that it would be hosting the COP-15 summit in 2009. COP 15 took place in Copenhagen from 7 December to 18 December 2009. Danmarks Miljøportal Geodatastyrelsen Naturstyrelsen. Miljøstyrelsen Natur- og Miljøklagenævnet Wind power in Denmark Minister for the Environment Ministry of the Environment
Denmark the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, is bordered to the south by Germany; the Kingdom of Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand and the North Jutlandic Island; the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2, land area of 42,394 km2, the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2, a population of 5.8 million. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea. Denmark and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.
The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until Denmark -- Norway. Beginning in the 17th century, there were several devastating wars with the Swedish Empire, ending with large cessions of territory to Sweden. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands and Iceland. In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945. An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present welfare state model with a developed mixed economy; the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy, which had begun in 1660.
It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy. The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs. Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948. Denmark negotiated certain opt-outs, it is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, the United Nations. Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and developed countries in the world. Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the country ranks in some metrics of national performance, including education, health care, protection of civil liberties, democratic governance and human development; the country ranks as having the world's highest social mobility, a high level of income equality, is among the countries with the lowest perceived levels of corruption in the world, the eleventh-most developed in the world, has one of the world's highest per capita incomes, one of the world's highest personal income tax rates.
The etymology of the word Denmark, the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as one kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centered on the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, the name of the people, from a word meaning "flat land", related to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave"; the -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with probable references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are runestones believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth; the larger stone of the two is popularly cited as Denmark's "baptismal certificate", though both use the word "Denmark", in the form of accusative ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚢᚱᚴ tanmaurk on the large stone, genitive ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚱᚴᛅᚱ "tanmarkar" on the small stone.
The inhabitants of Denmark are there called "Danes", in the accusative. The earliest archaeological findings in Denmark date back to the Eem interglacial period from 130,000–110,000 BC. Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC; the Nordic Bronze Age in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot. During the Pre-Roman Iron Age, native groups began migrating south, the first tribal Danes came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, in the Roman Iron Age; the Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, Roman coins have been found in Denmark. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron; the tribal Danes came from the east Danish islands and Scania and spoke an early form of North Germanic.
Historians believe that before their arrival, most of Jutland and the nearest islands were settled by tribal J
Ministry of Health (Denmark)
The Danish Ministry of Health is responsible for healthcare policy in Denmark. First created as an independent ministry in 1926, it has at various times been combined with the Ministry of the Interior as the Ministry of Interior and Health, most in 2010–2011, has had various names. From June 2015 to November 2016 its official name was the Ministry of the Aged; the current Minister of Health is Ellen Trane Nørby. The ministry oversees all aspects of healthcare in Denmark, including hospitals, medical treatments, patient rights, healthcare data collection and medical and research ethics; the ministry was first created in 1926, since has several times been merged with the Ministry of the Interior and re-established under various official names. In modern times it was first re-established in September 1987, with responsibilities drawn in part from other ministries, including oversight over foodstuffs, anti-narcotics and anti-alcohol efforts, education of medical personnel, health care in Greenland—some of these were reassigned—and was recombined with the Ministry of the Interior in November 2001.
In November 2007 it again became an independent ministry under the name Ministerium for Sundhed og Forebyggelse, taking on some responsibilities from the Family Ministry, dissolved. In 2010 the combined Ministry of Interior and Health was again reconstituted, but the following year the Ministry of the Interior was included in a new Ministry of the Economy and the Interior while the Ministry of Health once more became the Ministry for Health and Prevention. In June 2015 it was renamed the Ministry of Health and the Aged, acquired some responsibilities from the Social- og Indenrigsministeriet, the combination of the Ministry of Social Affairs and the Ministry of the Interior, created at the same time. In November 2016, under Lars Løkke Rasmussen's third government, it became a separate ministry once more. 1926–1929: Minister for Sundhedsvæsenet Viktor Rubow Venstre November 1947: Minister for Byggeri og Sundhedsvæsen Johannes Kjærbøl, Social Democrats 1987–1988: Sundhedsminister Agnete Laustsen, Conservative People's Party 1988–1989: Sundhedsminister Elsebeth Kock-Petersen, Venstre 1989–1993: Sundhedsminister Ester Larsen, Venstre 1993–1994: Sundhedsminister Torben Lund, Social Democrats 1994–1996: Sundhedsminister Yvonne Herløv Andersen, Centre Democrats 1996–1998: Indenrigs- og sundhedsminister, Birte Weiss, Social Democrats 1998–2000: Sundhedsminister Carsten Koch, Social Democrats 2000: Sundhedsminister Sonja Mikkelsen, Social Democrats 2000–2001: Sundhedsminister Arne Rolighed, Social Democrats 2001–2007: Indenrigs- og sundhedsminister Lars Løkke Rasmussen, Venstre 2007–2010: Minister for sundhed og forebyggelse Jakob Axel Nielsen, Conservative People's Party 2010–2011: Indenrigs- og sundhedsminister Bertel Haarder, Venstre 2011–2014: Minister for sundhed og forebyggelse Astrid Krag Kristensen, Socialist People's Party 2014–2015: Minister for sundhed og forebyggelse Nick Hækkerup, Social Democrats 2015 – 2016: Sundheds- og ældreminister Sophie Løhde, Venstre 2016 – present: Sundhetsminister Ellen Trane Nørby, Venstre 1987 – 1995: Jørgen F. Varder 1995 – 2005: Ib Valsborg 2005 – 2008: Christian Schønau 2008 – 2011: Kristian Wendelboe 2011: Jesper Fisker 2011 – present: Per Okkels List of Danish government ministries Healthcare in Denmark Official website English website
Coat of arms of Denmark
The national coat of arms of Denmark consists of three pale blue lions passant wearing crowns, accompanied by nine red lilypads, all in a golden shield. It is the coat of arms of the House of Estridsen, the dynasty which provided the Kings of Denmark between 1047 and 1412; the current design was introduced in 1819, under Frederick VI. There had been no distinction between the "national" and the "royal" coat of arms. Since 1819, there has been a more complex royal coat of arms of Denmark separate from the national coat of arms; the oldest known depiction of the insignia dates from a seal used by King Canute VI c. 1194. The oldest documentation for the colours dates from c. 1270. The lions faced the viewer and the number of hearts was not regulated and could be much higher; the "heart" shapes represented waterlily pads. The current design was adopted in 1819 during the reign of King Frederick VI who fixed the number of hearts to nine and decreed that the heraldic beasts were lions facing forward. A rare version exists from the reign of king Eric of Pomerania in which the three lions jointly hold the Danish banner, in a similar fashion as in the coat of arms of the former South Jutland County.
Until c. 1960, Denmark used both a "small" and a "large" coat of arms, similar to the system still used in Sweden. The latter symbol held wide use within e.g. by the Foreign Ministry. Since this time, the latter symbol has been classified as the coat of arms of the royal family, leaving Denmark with only one national coat of arms, used for all official purposes; the crown on the shield is a heraldic construction based on the crown of King Christian V, not to be confused with the crown of King Christian IV. The main difference from the real crown is that the latter is covered with table cut diamonds rather than pearls. Both crowns, other royal insignia, are located in Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen; the blazon in heraldic terms is: Or, three lions passant in pale Azure crowned and armed Or langued Gules, nine hearts Gules. This insignia is identical to the coat of arms of Estonia and the greater coat of arms of Tallinn which can both be traced directly back to King Valdemar II and the Danish rule in northern Estonia in 1219-1346.
The main differences are as follows: In the Danish coat of arms the lions are crowned, face forward, accompanied by nine hearts. In the Estonian coat of arms, the "leopards" face the viewer, they are not crowned, no hearts are present; the coat of arms of Tallinn resembles the Estonian arms, but the leopards in the former arms are crowned with golden crowns similar to the ones in the Danish arms. It shows great similarities with the contemporary insignia of England's Richard the Lionheart and the current arms of the German state of Baden-Württemberg; the Danish coat of arms has been the inspiration for the coat of arms of the former Duchy of Schleswig, a former Danish province. The hearts of the coat of arms appear in the coat of arms of the German district of Lüneburg; the Royal Coat of Arms is more complex. The current version was established by royal decree 5 July 1972; the shield is quartered by a silver cross fimbriated in red, derived from the Danish flag, the Dannebrog. The first and fourth quarters represent Denmark by three crowned lions passant accompanied by nine hearts.
The Three Crowns are interpreted as a symbol of the former Kalmar Union. The silver ram on blue represents the Faroe Islands and the coloured polar bear represents Greenland; the centre escutcheon, two red bars on a golden shield, represents the House of Oldenburg. When the senior branch of this dynasty became extinct in 1863, the crown passed to Prince Christian of the cadet branch Glücksburg, whose descendents have reigned in Denmark since; the House of Glücksburg continues the use of the arms of the old Oldenburg dynasty, the symbol is still referred to by its old association. Two woodwoses act as supporters, this element can be traced back to the early reign of the Oldenburg dynasty. Similar supporters were used in the former arms of Prussia; the shield features the insignias of the Order of the Dannebrog and the Order of the Elephant around it. The shield and supporters are framed by a royal ermine robe, surmounted by a royal crown. A blazon in heraldic terms is: A shield quartered by a cross Argent fimbriated Gules and fourth quarter Or, three lions passant in pale Azure crowned and armed Or langued Gules, nine hearts Gules.
Overall an escutcheon Or two bars Gules the whole surrounded by the Collars of the Order of the Dannebrog and the Order of the Elephant. Supporters two woodwoses armed with clubs Proper standing on a pedestal. All surrounded by a mantle Gules doubled Ermine crowned with a royal crown and tied up with tasseled strings Or; the royal coat of arms has since c. 1960 been reserved for use by the Monarch, the royal family, the Royal Guards and the royal court
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Denmark)
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark and its overseas representations are in charge of the Kingdom of Denmark's foreign policy and relations. Among these tasks are policy towards the Arctic Council, European Union, Nordic Council, development aid, trade policy and legal affairs in relation to the outside world; the ministry services five distinct ministers: the Foreign Minister, the Minister for Nordic Cooperation, the Minister for Trade and Investment, the Minister for European Affairs and the Minister for Development Cooperation. The Ministry is led by the Head of four Directors; the Ministry of Foreign Affairs first became its own institution in 1770 as the Foreign Service Department and was renamed The Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1848. Before the diplomatic tasks were handled by brief individual missions, but the increasing complexity of diplomatic affairs necessitated the creation of a larger organization; the Ministry employs thousands of people at home and abroad.
Its official role is to further Danish interests in a way that furthers the freedom and well-being of Danish citizens abroad, while working for peace and stability in the world. In practice, the organization helps Danish companies in their export markets and Danish citizens in emergency situations abroad through close cooperation between the headquarters on Asiatisk Plads in Copenhagen and the representations abroad. Accusations have surfaced that several high-profile Danish companies had been bribing various Iraqi government and United Nations officials in connection with the UN Oil-for-Food Programme. According to a UN investigation, more than 2200 companies were involved in the bribery, among these 22 Danish companies, 17 of which are being investigated since 2005 by the State Prosecutor for Serious Economic Crime under the Ministry of Justice; some of these companies have since tried to pass on the blame to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, alleging that they were encouraged by government officials to participate in the widespread corruption.
The allegations have held sway in the media and among the liberal-conservative government's opposition in Parliament, who have criticized the Ministry's unwillingness to comment the case openly. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has worked together with the State Prosecutor to clarify any issues to absolve itself of blame. In 2007, after several classified documents were leaked to the press, the Ministry decided to release its answers to the questions posed by the State Prosecutor in an effort to protect its employees. Danish diplomatic missions UN City Official website The Ministry answers the Special Prosecutor regarding the Oil-For-Food Programme
Minister of Foreign Affairs (Denmark)
The Danish Minister for Foreign Affairs is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. The minister is in charge of international relations; the current Minister for Foreign Affairs is Anders Samuelsen. List of Danish foreign ministers The Minister for Foreign Affair's homepage at the website of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Danish Ministry of Transport
The Danish Ministry of Transport is the Danish ministry in charge of coordinating and realizing the transport politics of Denmark. The Ministry is headed by a Permanent Secretary; the Ministry of Transport employs 140 staff. The daily administration and handling of tasks and assignments on transport are carried out by a number of institutions, executive agencies, corporations and boards. Counting every institution and every corporation the Ministry employs around 40.000 people The Ministry of Transport was founded in 1892 under the name Ministry for Public Works. In 1987 it changed name to Ministry of Traffic, though known as Ministry of Traffic and Communication during 1988 to 1989. In 2005 the energy sector was detached from Ministry of the Environment and attached to the Ministry of Traffic. In turn, the name was changed to Ministry of Energy. Wind power in Denmark Official ministry website