Ministry for Development of North Eastern Region

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Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region
Emblem of India.svg
Agency overview
Formed September, 2001
Jurisdiction IndiaRepublic of India
Headquarters Vigyan Bhavan Annexe, Maulana Azad Road, New Delhi -110 011.
Annual budget 3,000 crore (US$450 million) (2018-19 est.)[1]
Minister responsible
Website mdoner.gov.in

The Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (MDoNER) is a Government of India ministry, established in September 2001, which functions as the nodal Department of the Central Government to deal with matters related to the socio-economic development of the eight States of Northeast India, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim.[2] It acts as a facilitator between the Central Ministries/ Departments and the State Governments of the North Eastern Region in the economic development including removal of infrastructural bottlenecks, provision of basic minimum services, creating an environment for private investment and to remove impediments to lasting peace and security in the North Eastern Region.

The current, Minister of Development of North Eastern Region is Jitendra Singh (Minister of state, Independent Charge).[3]

Functions and responsibilities[edit]

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The Department of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) was created in 2001 and was accorded the status of a full-fledged ministry on May 2004, the ministry is mainly concerned with the creation of infrastructure for economic development of North-Eastern region.

Main activities/functions of the DoNER.

  • Non Lapsible Central Pool of Resources (NLCPR)[4]
  • North Eastern Council (NEC)
  • Coordination with the Central Ministries and the State Governments of the NE states.
  • Capacity Building
  • Advocacy and Publicity
  • International Cooperation
  • Enterprises of the Department

Organisations[edit]

The ministry has following organisations functioning under it:[5]

  • North Eastern Council (NEC)
  • North Eastern Development Finance Corporation Ltd.(NEDFI)
  • North Eastern Regional Agricultural Marketing Corporation Limited (NERAMAC)
  • The Sikkim Mining Corporation Limited. (SMC)
  • North Eastern Handlooms and Handicrafts Development Corporation (NEHHDC)

Ministers of state (Independent Charge)[edit]

Northeast India connectivity projects[edit]

Commerce with South and East Asian nations accounts for almost 45% of India's foreign trade.[7][8] Myanmar and ASEAN nations are part of India's Look East policy.[9][10][11] India is part of ASEAN+6, Asia Cooperation Dialogue, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Asian Clearing Union, Asian Development Bank, Bangladesh Bhutan India Nepal Initiative, BIMSTEC, East Asia Summit, Mekong-Ganga Cooperation, SAARC, South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Asian Highway Network and the Trans-Asian Railway network.[12][13]

Major initiatives covered are Transport between India and Bangladesh, Bangladesh–India border, India-Myanmar barrier, Bhutan–India border, McMahon Line, etc.

Roads[edit]

International roads[edit]

NE has 5,000km border with Nepal, Bhutan, China, Bangladesh and Myanmar while being isolated and connected to rest of India by 20km narrow chicken-neck Siliguri Corridor.[14]

Strategic National Highways (NH)[edit]

13,500 km were NH out of total 3,76,819 km of road length in NE (March 2012).[14]

  • Funding:
    • Total approved (A+B): 626,000 million (US$9.3 billion) (till Dec 2017).[17][18]
    • A. 326,000 million (US$4.9 billion) 3,840 km approved and 135,000 million (US$2.0 billion) 1,266 km completed (2014 to Dec 2017).[17][18][19]
      • 53,000 million (US$790 million) additional funding released to ensure completion by March 2023 of current NE NH projects by plugging the gap, on 100% centre-funding basis, instead of usual 90:10 centre-state funding mechanism (Dec 2017).[18]
    • B. 300,000 million (US$4.5 billion) additional approved under Bharatmala for NE NH (Dec 2017).[17][18]

Other roads[edit]

  • North Eastern Council inter-state projects and roads:[31]
    • 47 new inter-state roads of 1,666 km costing 50,000 million (US$750 million), of which 4 were taken within plan ending March 2017.[14]
    • 2014 to Dec 2017:[17][18]
      • 23,090 million (US$340 million) projects executed,
      • 5,790 million (US$86 million) to 9,690 million (US$140 million) rise in the annual budget.
      • 56 to 138 increase in the number of projects, incl. Bramputra Study Centre established to research river ecosystem.

Railway[edit]

Air[edit]

Airports development[edit]

NER Airports[34] map, development plan and status. Indian government was upgrading 12 non-operational airports into operational airports in NE (May 2017, worked started in 8 airports in 2014).[35][36] LGBIA Guwahati will operate as the inter-regional hub and Agartala Airport, Dibrugarh Airport and Imphal Airport will operate as intra-regional hubs by extending runways and apron, and by building terminal building and maintenance hangars at these airports.[36] 3 new greeenfield under-construction airports are Itanagar Holangi Airport, Pakyong Airport (Sikkim) and Chiethu Airport (Nagaland).[36]

Airports development phase-I (fy2016-17 to fy2019-20)[edit]

Airports Authority of India (AAI) will spend 25,000 million (US$370 million or €320 million) between 2018-2020, including the following will be completed by 2019-20 (c. Dec 2017):[37][38]

Airports development phase-II (fy2018-19 to -)[edit]

Centre govt will invest further 80,000 million (US$1.2 billion or €1.0 billion) to develop more NR airports.[38] Several advanced landing ground heliports will be upgraded from to the dual army-civilian airports.[38] Likely includes the following:[40][35][36]

Flights[edit]

Among Airports in Northeast India, following were connected under UDAN

UDAN flights[edit]

UDAN Phase-I flights started at Shillong Airport, Dimapur Airport, Imphal International Airport, Silchar Airport, Lengpui Aizawl Airport and Agartala Airport.[38]

UDAN Phase-II flights started at TBA?

Other flights[edit]

2014-2017 NEC plan proposes to work towards starting the following flights:[14]

Waterways[edit]

International NE waterways[edit]

Inland National waterways in NE[edit]

Power[edit]

As of December 2017, 98,650 million (US$1.5 billion or €1.3 billion) power transmission grid project approved in 2014 is being implemented of which 2,540 km lines already laid, and 16 hydro power projects of 5676 MW being implemented and additional 694 MW projects already implemented.[17][18]

Tourism[edit]

Projects include approval of 2,070 million (US$31 million or €26 million) in 2016 to prevent erosion of world's largest riverine island of Majuli, development of Spiritual Circuit in Manipur, Tourist Circuit in Sikkim, Tribal Circuit in Nagaland and Umiam Lake in meghalaya (Dec 2017 update).[17][18]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.indiabudget.gov.in/ub2018-19/eb/sbe23.pdf
  2. ^ "About us". DONER. 
  3. ^ "New Ministers assume office; PM to hold 1st meeting of expanded cabinet". The Indian Awaaz. AMN. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  4. ^ NLCPR
  5. ^ Organisations DoNER.
  6. ^ List of ministers in Narendra Modi's government, [Economic Times]]
  7. ^ India's Look East Policy
  8. ^ Sino-Indian relations
  9. ^ "Vietnam among pillars of India's "Look East" policy". english.vietnamnet.vn. Vietnam News Agency. 18 November 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Modi govt to give greater push to India's Look East Policy, says Sushma Swaraj". Firstpost. 2014-08-25. Retrieved 2014-09-10. 
  11. ^ "Sushma Swaraj tells Indian envoys to Act East and not just Look East". The Economic Times. 26 August 2014. 
  12. ^ India's "Look East" Policy Pays Off
  13. ^ India's Look East Policy (2)
  14. ^ a b c d e NEC Final plan 2017.
  15. ^ NLCPR
  16. ^ SARDP-NE
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h Live PM Modi in Meghalaya, Mizoram and North East, Financial Express, 16 Dec 2017.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i PM Modi approves new central scheme to plug infras gaps for the Northeast, Economic Times, 16 Dec 2017.
  19. ^ Arunachal Dy CM Lays Foundation Stone of Bridge over Bari River, North East Today, 11 Dec 2017.
  20. ^ "Indian Government Plans Highway Along Disputed China Border". Ankit Panda. thediplomat.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "Govt planning road along McMohan line in Arunachal Pradesh: Kiren Rijiju". Live Mint. Retrieved 2014-10-26. 
  22. ^ Is hectic highway building in Arunachal Pradesh leading to more landslides?, Scroll, 14 July 2017.
  23. ^ Transarunachal highway upgraded, Indian Express.
  24. ^ Northeast border roads
  25. ^ "73 roads of operational significance being built along China border: Kiren Rijiju", The Economic Times, 18 July 2017.
  26. ^ Sushant Singh, "China border roads hobbling, 12 years later, 21 of 73 ready", Indian Express, 11 July 2017.
  27. ^ India building bridges in Arunachal for LAC access, Economic Times, 18 Dec 2017.
  28. ^ "For year-round border security, India plans tunnels on China border.", Economic Times, 6 November 2017.
  29. ^ "Voyants bagged Independent Engineer Services in Arunachal Pradesh"
  30. ^ Lessons from Sisen and laptap, Arunachal Times, 14 Nov 2017.
  31. ^ NEC roads
  32. ^ PMGSY NER
  33. ^ NER railways
  34. ^ NER Airports
  35. ^ a b 12 airports in Northeast India set to get a boost, North East Today, 14 may 2017.
  36. ^ a b c d Government Considering Setting up of Three Greenfield Airports in Northeast, NDTV, 13 Aug 2014.
  37. ^ a b c d e Steps taken to strengthen North East states air connectivity: Authority of India, Economic Times, 18 Dec 2017.
  38. ^ a b c d e f Northeast airports facelift: Government may invest Rs 8,000 crore more, Economic Times, 20 Dec 2017.
  39. ^ Guwahati airport to be upgraded for international operations, Economic Times, 19 Dec 2017.
  40. ^ China border upgrade: 6 airports in Arunachal, Indian Express, 2015.
  41. ^ NER Waterways
  42. ^ Potential NER Waterways