Margot Elisabeth Wallström is a Swedish politician, member of the Swedish Social Democratic Party. She has served as Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Minister for Nordic Cooperation since October 2014, she served as the first United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict from 2010 to 2012, as Vice-President of the European Commission and European Commissioner for Institutional Relations and Communication Strategy from 2004 to 2010, European Commissioner for the Environment from 1999 to 2004, Minister for Consumer Affairs from 1988 to 1991 and Member of the Riksdag for Värmland from 1982 to 1999. Born in Skellefteå, Wallström is a high school graduate without academic degrees. In 1973, she started her career as a banking clerk at the Alfa Savings bank in Karlstad, she worked there from 1977 to 1979, as an accountant from 1986 to 1987. Wallström was the CEO of a regional TV network in Värmland, Sweden from 1993 to 1994. Before taking up her appointment as EU Commissioner she was executive vice-president of Worldview Global Media in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Wallström has had a long career in politics in the Swedish parliament, the Swedish government, the European Commission. At 25, she was elected to parliament, she was Environment Commissioner from 1999 to 2004, in the Swedish government she was Minister for Consumer Affairs and Youth from 1988 to 1991, Minister for Culture from 1994 to 1996, Minister for Social Affairs from 1996 to 1998. During her time in office, Wallström pushed the European Commission's initial proposal for REACH, a regulation requiring manufacturers of industrial chemicals to test and register their products with the European Chemicals Agency before they can be used. In 2004, she approved the importation of a genetically modified corn from the United States for animal feed after a six-year moratorium, arguing in a statement that the corn produced by biotechnology company Monsanto, known as NK603 maize, had been rigorously tested and was considered “as safe as any conventional maize.” In 2004, Wallström became the first member of the European Commission to operate a blog.
The comments section of her site became a hotspot for arguments concerning the policies of the European Union. After the rejection of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe by French and Dutch voters, Wallström pushed forward her "plan D" to reconnect Citizens with the Union, her work on such platforms, including the backing of the oneseat.eu petition, has given her a good reputation in some quarters being dubbed "the Citizens Commissioner" – but has earned her names like "the Propaganda Commissioner" as well from political opponents. The Economist listed her among the least effective commissioners in 2009. In 2006, Wallström presented her a plan to transform the EU's Europe by Satellite video-broadcast service into an EU news agency. Following Sweden's 2006 election, in which the Social Democratic Party lost power, former Prime Minister Göran Persson announced his withdrawal from politics in March 2007. Wallström was regarded as the favourite candidate to succeed Persson as Social Democratic party leader, but made clear that she did not wish to be considered for the position.
The post instead went to Mona Sahlin. Between 2006 and 2007, Wallström served as member of the Amato Group, a group of high-level European politicians unofficially working on rewriting the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe into what became known as the Treaty of Lisbon following its rejection by French and Dutch voters. After the election of Mona Sahlin as party leader, Wallström accepted a membership in a group working to develop political strategies for the upcoming election to the European Parliament in 2009; the membership in this group was considered by Swedish liberal Carl B Hamilton to constitute a breach of the oath every member of the European Commission gives, which states that any member of the commission should work for the community's best interest with no influence from politicians. European Commission spokespeople Mikolaj Dowgielewicz and Pia Ahrenkilde-Hansen stated that her new assignment was not in conflict with her commissioner position. In December 2006, Wallström was voted the most popular woman in Sweden, beating royals and athletes in a survey carried out by ICA-kuriren and Sifo.
In the previous year she had attained second place. Wallström was modest in response stating that "it might be because I'm so far away". On 16 November 2007, Margot Wallström, became Chair of the Council of Women World Leaders Ministerial Initiative; this position was held by former U. S. Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright. On 31 January 2010, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, announced at the African Union summit in Ethiopia his intention to nominate Wallström as his first United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict; as a reaction, Wallström said that she felt "honoured" and "humble" to have been chosen for the job, which she started in April 2010. In August 2010, Ban sent Wallström to the Democratic Republic of the Congo to help investigate claims that rebel fighters raped more than 150 women and baby boys over four days within miles of a UN base in the country. Wallström addressed the United Nations Security Council in a September 2010 session on the use of sexual violence as a weapon by both rebel militias and government troops in the eastern provinces of the DRC.
In her speech, she demonstrated that the rapes in the North Kivu and South Kivu pro
Speaker of the Riksdag
The speaker of the Riksdag is the presiding officer of the national unicameral legislature in Sweden. The Riksdag underwent profound changes in 1867, when the medieval Riksdag of the Estates was abolished; the new form of the Riksdag included each with its own speaker. Since the de facto introduction of parliamentarism in 1917, the Riksdag has properly functioned as the institution to which the Prime Minister and the Government are held accountable. In 1971 the institution was transformed into a unicameral legislature with 350 members, reduced to 349 in 1976 to avoid parliamentary deadlocks. Since 1975, in accordance with the Instrument of Government of 1974, it is the speaker and no longer the Monarch who appoints and dismisses the Prime Minister; the current speaker is Andreas Norlén, who has held the gavel since September 2018. The speaker is the head and presiding officer of the Riksdag, is elected by the chamber as the first order of business when the Riksdag re-convenes following a general election.
As such the speaker coordinates the work that takes place in the Riksdag. The office is mandated in the Swedish constitution and the duties of the office are set out on the Instrument of Government and the Riksdag Act; the speaker does not take part in the debates, nor does the speaker participate in the parliamentary committees. While the Speaker is one of the elected representatives of the Riksdag, the speaker is expected to remain unbiased and objective with regards to the political issues that are debated; the speaker has no vote in the Riksdag, but the incumbent could use their vote as a member of the Riksdag if a tie appears. The position of speaker is the second highest. In terms of protocol, the Monarch outranks the speaker. However, since that position is hereditary a person cannot be elected to become the monarch; the Speaker outranks the Prime Minister of Sweden. One of the more important aspects of the work of the speaker is to head negotiations concerning the forming of a new government in case there is a shift of power after an election.
The speaker can dismiss a prime minister, voted out of office, which happened for the first time on 25 September 2018. After the negotitions, the speaker proposes the new prime ministerial candidate to the chamber, following a positive vote, the speaker signs the commission on behalf of the Riksdag; the Prime Minister appoints and dismisses their own cabinet ministers, forming the Government, without the involvement of the Speaker. In case of either a voluntary resignation or a vote of no confidence, the letter of resignation of a prime minister is handed to the speaker. In most other parliamentary systems, including other constitutional monarchies, these duties are instead handled by the head of state. Relieving the Swedish Monarch from exercise of political powers, although not the key objective from the outset, became an important part on the constitutional reform in the 1970s; the speaker is assisted by three deputy speakers who are elected by the chamber. Traditionally, the second and fourth largest parties gets to name of one of their members for these offices.
There is some disagreement whether the largest party or the leading party of the largest party bloc should hold the speakership. Unlike the speaker, the deputy speakers are not replaced by an alternate and remain members of the Riksdag with voting rights. In case all adult members of the Swedish Royal Family who are in the line of succession to the Throne, as prescribed in the Act of Succession, are out of the country, the Speaker assumes the role of Regent ad interim; this would be the case if they were all to decease. The Speaker chairs the Riksdag Board, which deliberates on the organisation of the work of the Riksdag, directs the work of the Riksdag Administration and decides upon matters of major significance concerning the international contacts programme; the Speaker chairs the War Delegation. Marshal of the Realm County Governors of SwedenHistorical predecessor Lantmarskalk, the presiding officer of the Estate of the Nobility in the Riksdag of the Estates before 1866; the Instrument of Government, in English, The Riksdag.
Retrieved on 2012-11-13. The Speaker - At the Riksdag
Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
Carl XVI Gustaf is the King of Sweden. He ascended the throne on the death of his grandfather, King Gustaf VI Adolf, on 15 September 1973, he is the youngest child and only son of Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. His father died on 26 January 1947 in an airplane crash in Denmark when Carl Gustaf was nine months old. Upon his father's death, he became second in line to the throne, after his grandfather, the Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf. Following the death of King Gustaf V in 1950, Gustaf Adolf ascended the throne and thus Carl Gustaf became Sweden's new crown prince and heir apparent to the throne at the age of four. A short while after he became king in 1973, the new 1974 Instrument of Government took effect, formally stripping Carl XVI Gustaf of any role in the legislative process, several other duties accorded to a head of state, such as the formal appointment of the prime minister, signing off legislation, being commander-in-chief of the nation's military.
The new instrument explicitly limits the king to ceremonial functions and, among other things, to be informed of affairs of state. As head of the House of Bernadotte Carl Gustaf has been able to make a number of government-supported decisions about the titles and positions of its members; the king's heir apparent, after passage on 1 January 1980 of a new law establishing absolute primogeniture, is Crown Princess Victoria, the eldest child of the King and his wife, Queen Silvia. Before the passage of that law, Crown Princess Victoria's younger brother, Prince Carl Philip, was the heir apparent, as of his birth in May 1979. Carl XVI Gustaf is the longest-reigning monarch in Swedish history, having surpassed King Magnus IV's reign of 44 years and 222 days on 26 April 2018. Carl Gustaf was born on 30 April 1946 at 10:20 in Haga Palace in Stockholm County, he was the youngest of five children and the only son of Sweden's Prince Gustaf Adolf and Princess Sibylla. He was christened at the Royal Chapel on 7 June 1946 by the Archbishop of Erling Eidem.
He was baptised in Charles XI's baptismal font, which stood on Gustav III's carpet and he lay in Charles XI's cradle with Oscar II's crown beside him. The same christening gown in white linen batiste which the prince carried had been worn by his father in 1906 and would be worn by his three children, his godparents were the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Denmark, the Crown Prince of Norway, Princess Juliana of the Netherlands, the King of Sweden, the Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Sweden, Count Folke and Countess Maria Bernadotte af Wisborg. Prince Carl Gustaf was given the title of the Duke of Jämtland, his father, Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten was killed in an airplane crash on 26 January 1947, at Copenhagen Airport. His father's death had left the nine-month-old prince second in line for the throne, behind his grandfather Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf; when his paternal great-grandfather Gustaf V died in 1950, the four-year-old prince became the heir apparent of Sweden.
Carl Gustaf was seven years old before he was told about his father's death, he expressed his feelings about growing up without knowing his father in a speech in 2005. His earliest education was received at the Royal Palace; the young prince was sent to Broms school, on to Sigtuna boarding school. After graduating from high school in 1966, Carl Gustaf completed two and a half years of education in the Swedish Army, the Royal Swedish Navy, the Swedish Air Force. During the winter 1966-1967 he took part in a round-the-world voyage with the mine-laying vessel Älvsnabben; the Crown Prince received his commission as an officer in all three services in 1968 rising to the rank of captain and lieutenant, before his ascension to the throne. He completed his academic studies in history, political science, tax law, economics at Uppsala University and Economics at Stockholm University. To prepare for his role as the head of state, Crown Prince Carl Gustaf followed a broad program of studies on the court system, social organisations and institutions, trade unions, employers' associations.
In addition, he studied the affairs of the Riksdag and Ministry for Foreign Affairs. The Crown Prince spent time at the Swedish Mission to the United Nations and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, worked at a bank in London and at the Swedish Embassy in there, at the Swedish Chamber of Commerce in France, at the Alfa Laval Company factory in France. In 1970 he represented the King at the head of the Swedish delegation to the World Exposition in Osaka, Japan. Since his youth the present monarch has been a strong supporter of the Scout Movement in Sweden. On 15 September 1973, Carl Gustaf became King of Sweden upon the death of his grandfather, Gustaf VI Adolf. On September 19, he took the required regal assurance during an extraordinary meeting of the cabinet. Afterwards, he appeared before the parliament, diplomatic corps, etc. in the Hall of State at the Royal Palace where he gave a speech. Both the cabinet meeting and ceremony at the Hall were broadcast live on television.
Following the ceremonies, he appeared on the balcony to acknowledge gathered crowds. At the cabinet meeting, the King declared that his name would be Carl XVI Gustaf and that his title would be King of Sweden, he adopted, "For Sweden – With the times" as h
2014 European Parliament election in Sweden
European Parliament elections in Sweden took place on 25 May 2014. At the election, twenty Members of the European Parliament were from the Swedish constituency. In the election, voters choose members of registered Swedish parties whose elected members form political groups in the European Parliament, together with members of parties from other Member States with the same political affiliation. Moderate Party Anna Maria Corazza Bildt Gunnar Hökmark Christofer FjellnerCentre Party Fredrick FederleyLiberal People's Party Marit Paulsen Cecilia WikströmChristian Democrats Lars AdaktussonSocial Democrats Marita Ulvskog Olle Ludvigsson Jytte Guteland Jens Nilsson Anna HedhLeft Party Malin BjörkGreen Party Isabella Lövin Peter Eriksson Bodil Ceballos Max AnderssonSweden Democrats Kristina Winberg Peter LundgrenFeminist Initiative Soraya Post Distribution of Sweden's mandate during the previous election, Turnout was 45.53% in 2009
Lotta Johnsson Fornarve
Lotta Johnsson Fornarve is a Swedish politician for the Left Party. She has been a member of the Riksdag, the Swedish parliament, since 2014. Before that, she was a member of the Municipal council (Sweden]|municipal councils in Linköping Municipality and Oxelösund Municipality. Since September 2018 she serves as the Second Deputy Speaker of the Riksdag. Lotta Johnsson Fornarve at the Riksdag website
Supreme Court of Sweden
The Supreme Court of Sweden is the supreme court and the third and final instance in all civil and criminal cases in Sweden. Before a case can be decided by the Supreme Court, leave to appeal must be obtained, with few exceptions, leave to appeal can be granted only when the case is of interest as a precedent; the Supreme Court consists of 16 Justices who are appointed by the government, but the court as an institution is independent of the Riksdag, the Government is not able to interfere with the decisions of the court. All judicial power was vested in the Monarch, but in 1614 Gustavus Adolphus instituted Svea Hovrätt and authorized it to issue sentences in his name; those not satisfied with sentencing were able to turn directly to the monarch, appeals were handled by the Justice Department of the Privy Council, a committee of that council. Under the rule of King Gustav III, the noble Privy Council was suspended in 1789 after the Riksdag of the estates introduced an addition to the instrument of government from 1772 called the Union and Security Act.
After the Riksdag ended the King on May 19 instituted the King's Supreme Court to handle legal matters. There were twelve judges of the court, half of, to be nobles and half commoners. While in session, no more than eight judges could serve at the same time, with equal numbers of nobles and commoners. In the court the king held two votes, as well as the deciding vote in case of a tie. However, this voting right was never exercised, except on the centennial of the court, when King Oscar II took part in the decision of one case. Under the 1809 Instrument of Government, the judges of the Supreme Court became salaried civil servants, with the title of Councillor of Justice; the earlier Lord High Steward or Justiciar became the new Minister of State for Justice and the foremost member of the court in 1809, but when the modern government ministries were created in 1840, this minister of justice were separated from the court. In 1844 the requirement on equal numbers of noblemen and commoners in service as judges of the court was dropped.
In 1909 the Supreme Administrative Court and the Council on Legislation were created to assume certain tasks, handled by the Supreme Court. The Supreme Administrative Court assumed responsibility for ruling on administrative cases and the Legal Council received the responsibility for judicial review. At the same time the monarch lost voting power in the court; the right to appeal cases to the Supreme Court was limited for the first time in 1915. A special dispensation was required before trying a minor criminal case. Dispensation was to be given when there was a ruling that could become a precedent, in 1945 this requirement was extended to all cases. In 1948, the legal procedure was supplemented with oral proceedings and to satisfy the need for additional space the Supreme Court was moved in 1949 from the Royal Palace to the Bonde Palace on Stadsholmen. By the Instrument of Government of 1974 the Supreme Court discontinued the practice to award sentencing in the name of the Swedish monarch, as well as announcing them at the Royal Palace where they were adorned with the royal seal.
The current Councillors of Justice of the Supreme Court of Sweden, followed by year of appointment: Anders Eka, Chairman Gudmund Toijer, Chairman of Chamber Ann-Christine Lindeblad Kerstin Calissendorff Johnny Herre Agneta Bäcklund Ingemar Persson Svante O. Johansson Dag Mattsson Lars Edlund Sten Andersson Stefan Johansson Petter Asp Malin Bonthron Eric M. Runesson Official website