Gammel Strand is a street and public square in central Copenhagen, Denmark. On the south side it borders on the Slotsholmens Canal while the side is lined by a row of brightly coloured houses from the 18th and 19th century. Across the canal, Thorvaldsens Museum and Christiansborg Palace are seen on the island Slotsholmen, the art gallery Kunstforeningen and the Ministry of Culture are the most notable institutions facing the street. Gammel Strand used to be the site of a natural harbour and it was around this harbour that Copenhagen was founded as a small fishing and trading settlement in the 11th century. However, archeological finds show that the beach at that time was located further inland. The area was marshy and boats were pulled up on the beach. Later land reclamations moved the coastline and a proper harbour developed, Gammel Strand became the site of a fish market, known for the women who would sit in the square at all seasons to sell their fish. Also known as Skovserkoner because they would buy their fish in the fishing village Skovshoved north of Copenhagen.
They were recognized by their characteristic white scarves, in the end space became too scarce and in 1958 a new fish market opened in South Harbour. Most of the buildings along Gammel Strand was completedly destroyed in the Copenhagen Fire of 1795 and it began in a coal and timber storage at Gammelholm, and spread to the area around St. Nicolas Church before moving along Gammel Strand to the area around Gammeltorv and Nytorv. In the following years the houses were rebuilt, most of the houses have been rebuilt and extended with an extra story over the years and exhibit a multitude of different styles. In spite of this the overall impression is very harmonic and Gammel Strand is today considered one of the pret delightful urban spaces in Copenhagen, the oldest house in the street is No.48. Built in 1750 to the design of Philip de Lange, it survived the fire of 1795 without severe damage, in 1796 it was extended with an extra story. Today it houses the Kunstforeningen art gallery, ved Stranden Gammel Strand on indenforvoldene. dk
Royal Library, Denmark
The Royal Library in Copenhagen, Denmark, is the national library of Denmark and the university library of the University of Copenhagen. It is the largest library in the Nordic countries and it contains numerous historical treasures, and a copy of all works printed in Denmark since the 17th century are deposited there. Thanks to extensive donations in the past, the library holds nearly all known Danish printed works back to and including the first Danish book, the library was founded in 1648 by King Frederik III, who contributed a comprehensive collection of European works. It was opened to the public in 1793, in 1989, it was merged with the prestigious Copenhagen University Library. In 2005, it was merged with the Danish National Library for Science and Medicine, now the Faculty Library of Natural, the official name of the organization as of 1 January 2006 is The Royal Library, the National Library of Denmark and the Copenhagen University Library. In 2008, the Danish Folklore Archive was merged with the Royal Library and it is open to anyone above the age of 18 with a genuine need to use the collections.
Special rules apply for use of rare and valuable items, the annual circulation is 11,400,000 loans. The members are 32,196 active users, the annual budget, 394M Danish Kroner, including building expenses and maintenance. The old building of the Slotsholmen site was built in 1906 by Hans Jørgen Holm, the central hall is a copy of Charlemagnes Palace chapel in the Aachen Cathedral. In 1999, a new building adjacent to the old one was opened at Slotsholmen, the Black Diamond building was designed by Danish architects schmidt hammer lassen. Named for its cover of black marble and glass, the Black Diamond building houses a concert hall in addition to the library. This new building was opened 1999 and it is formed by two black cubes that are slightly tilted over the street. In the middle of them, there is an eight storey atrium whose walls are white and wave-shaped, the atriums exterior wall is made of glass, so, you can see the sea, and, on the opposite shore, you can see Christianshavns luxury buildings.
Three bridges connect the Black Diamond with the old part of the Royal Library, in the ceiling of the big bridge, there is a huge painting by Danish painter Per Kirkeby. The Royal Library acquires Danish books through legal deposit, the holdings include an almost complete collection of all Danish printed books back from 1482. In 2006, legal deposit was extended to publications and now the library harvests four electronic copies of the Danish Internet each year. Commonly called the Hamburg Bible or the Bible of Bertoldus, a richly illuminated Bible in three large volumes made for the Cathedral of Hamburg in 1255. The 89 illuminated initials in the book are both as expressions of medieval art and as sources to the craft and history of the medieval book
Ministry of Finance (Denmark)
The Ministry of Finance of Denmark (Danish Finansministeriet]] is a ministry in the Government of Denmark. Among other things, it is in charge of the government budget, paying government employees, the current Finance Minister of Denmark is Kristian Jensen. The Ministry of Finance was established on November 24,1848, in 1968, the Ministry of Finance was split into the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of State payroll and pension services. The latter was repealed on October 11,1971, and the area was transferred to the newly created Budget Ministry, Agency for the Modernisation of Public Administration The Agency for Digitisation The Agency for Governmental Management Agency for Governmental IT Services Official website in English
Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts
The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts has provided education in the arts for more than 250 years, playing its part in the development of the art of Denmark. The Royal Danish Academy of Portraiture and Architecture in Copenhagen was inaugurated on 31 March 1754 and its name was changed to the Royal Danish Academy of Painting and Architecture in 1771. The building boom resulting from the Great Fire of 1795 greatly profited from this initiative, in 1814 the name was changed again, this time to the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. It is still situated in its building, the Charlottenborg Palace. The School of Architecture has been situated in former naval buildings on Holmen since 1996, the academy is larger and better funded than the Jutland Art Academy and Funen Art Academy, which offer similar programs. It teaches and conducts research on the subjects of painting, architecture, photography, the academy is under the administration of the Danish Ministry of Culture. The academy’s School of Architecture offers education in the fields of design and restoration and landscape planning and industrial, graphic.
The school has nine departments, four research institutes and six affiliated research centres. The undergraduate course, leading to the Bachelor of Architecture diploma, in 2011, the Wall Street Journal named Ingels the Innovator of the Year for architecture. Hansen Medal Thorvaldsen Medal Eckersberg Medal Thorvald Bindesbøll Medal N. L. Høyen Medal The School of Visual Arts C. C
Philip de Lange
Philip de Lange was a leading Dutch-Danish architect who designed many different types of building in various styles including Dutch Baroque and Rococo. Philip de Lange was probably born near Strasbourg and was trained as a mason in the Netherlands and he arrived in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1729 where he quickly gained a reputation as an architect and master builder. De Lange married twice, first with Jacomine Pieters in the Hague, de Lange created a large number of works of various types including civil and military buildings, country houses, factories and parks. The Dutch Baroque influence in his work can, for example, be seen in the premises he built for Ziegler. While initially he appears to have been struck by Ewert Janssens earlier work, he seems to have been influenced by Elias Häusser. Like Krieger, he participated strongly in creating fine bourgeois dwellings in Copenhagen and his most notable achievements include the Headquarters of the Asiatic Company in Christianshavn, the Masting Crane on Holmen and Stephen Hansens Mansion in Helsingør.
He adapted Glorup Manor on Funen to the Baroque style adding a magnificent mansard roof, for almost 30 years, de Lange was the leading master builder at the Holmen Naval Station. Among other things, he constructed 24 Nyboder two-storey houses from 1754 to 1756, de Lange is remembered above all for his fine, simple buildings in the classical Rococo style. A good example is Damsholte Church on the island of Møn, architecture of Denmark Wedell Mansion Elling, Philip de Lange. 1931,48 pp. Rikke Tønnes, Stephen Hansens palæ - Bygherren - Arkitekten Philip de Lange - Livet i og omkring et helsingørsk handelshus, Arkitektens Forlag,1997,228 pp
Danmarks Designskole is an institution under the Ministry of Science and Higher Education. The Danish Design School traces its roots back to the foundation of the Tegne- og Kunstindustriskolen in 1875 and it changed from being an independent institution to functioning under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture. In 2007 -2009, it hosted the Copenhagen Institute of Interaction Design, the Design School moved to a new campus on Holmen in Copenhagen due to the merger. The educational programme spans 5 years, divided into a 3-year bachelor programme, the school carries out both basic as well as practice based and applied research, and is a member of the Danish national Center for Design Research. In 2010 the school merged with the Glass and Ceramic School on The Island of Bornholm, and is now offering a three-year programme in ceramic and glass
Ministry of Defence (Denmark)
The Danish Ministry of Defence is a ministry in the Danish government. It is the secretariat of the Danish Defence Minister, the Ministry of Defence was established following the Danish defence law of May 27,1950, about the central structure of the military of Denmark. This combined the two ministries, Ministry of War and the Marine ministry. The Minister of Defence had already created in 1905 as the head of both ministries, though still with branch chiefs as administrators. This new Ministry can though trace its history back to 1660, a similar command had previously been created for the Navy, the Admiralty of 1655. The War collegium changed name to Krigskancelliet in 1679 and to Generalitets- og Kommisariatskollegiet, likewise Adam Wilhelm Moltke became the first Marine minister, while the Admiralty changed into the Marine ministry on April 21,1848
Royal Academy of Music, Aarhus/Aalborg
The school is under the patronage of His Royal Highness Crown Prince Frederik. The headquarters of the Royal Academy of Music is situated in Aarhus, in a designed by architectural firm C. F. Møller Architects. It was built as an extension of Musikhuset Aarhus, the Aarhus Concert Hall, the new headquarters for the Royal Academy of Music, North Denmark in Aalborg was completed in 2014 and is called Musikkens Hus. It was partially designed by the Scandinavian branch of architectural firm Coop Himmelbau, Royal Academy of Music offers graduate level studies in areas such as music teaching, and solo and professional musicianship. The programmes have been given the highest status, both nationally and internationally and this means that they measure up to the best comparable courses on offer abroad. The programmes aim to students for careers as professional musicians. The emphasis of the teaching is on work with an instrument or the voice, but there is ensemble playing. For those studying to become teachers, particular importance is attached to music pedagogy.
Since 2008 Det Jyske Musikkonservatorium has made a name for itself as having rejected the Danish musician Goodiepals ideas about Radical Computer Music. In a direct response, Goodiepal declared a five step Gentlemans War on the stupidity of modern computer music, homepage of the academy in english