click links in text for more info

Ministry of Culture and Tourism (Turkey)

The Ministry of Culture and Tourism is a government ministry of the Republic of Turkey, responsible for culture and tourism affairs in Turkey. Revolving fund management of the ministry is carried by DÖSİMM. On January 25, 2013, Ömer Çelik was appointed as minister following a cabinet change succeeding Ertuğrul Günay, in office since 2008. One of the responsibilities of the ministry is the preservation of manuscripts, so they are available and accessible to researchers. In promoting the country, the ministry created promotional films for the country. In 2015, the ministry gained controversy after axing a scene from a $4 million-dollar promotional involving Julianne Moore due to her "poor acting". Ruhsar Demirel, of the Nationalist Movement Party, asked social affairs minister Ayşenur İslam: "How reasonable do you find promoting Turkey with the body of such names and women? How do you find, as a woman, giving plenty of money to a Hollywood star to promote Turkey, as if it were the 19th century?", other politicians criticised her for a "depressive persona".

In 2017, alongside Turkish Airlines and Turkish tourism companies, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism helped finance Non-Transferable, a romantic comedy film produced by Brendan Bradley. In June 2018, the Ministry has sent a directive to the head of the excavations team in Turkey notifying them that according to a new regulation, 51 percent of archeological excavation teams led by foreign crews should consist of Turkish nationals, the key posts in excavations such as archeologist, art historian, restaurateur and photographer, should be reserved for Turkish citizens. Media related to Ministry of Culture at Wikimedia Commons Official site Tourism portal Tourism Strategy of Turkey - 2023

1st Cavalry Division (Kingdom of Yugoslavia)

The 1st Cavalry Division was a horsed cavalry formation of the Royal Yugoslav Army that formed part of the Yugoslav 1st Army Group during the German-led Axis invasion of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in April 1941. It was established in 1921, soon after the creation of the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes. In peacetime, the division consisted of two cavalry brigades commanding a total of four regiments, but its wartime organisation specified one cavalry brigade commanding two or three regiments, along with divisional-level combat and support units. Along with the rest of the Yugoslav Army, the 1st Cavalry Division began mobilising on 3 April 1941, was still engaged in that process three days when the Germans began an air campaign and a series of preliminary operations against the Yugoslav frontiers. By the end of the following day, the division's cavalry brigade headquarters and all of the division's cavalry regiments had been detached for duty with other formations of the 1st Army Group; the divisional headquarters and divisional-level units remained in the vicinity of Zagreb until 10 April, when they were given orders to establish a defensive line southeast of Zagreb along the Sava River, with infantry and artillery support.

The division had only begun to deploy for this task when the German 14th Panzer Division captured Zagreb. The divisional headquarters and all attached units were captured by armed Croat fifth column groups, or surrendered to German troops; the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes was created with the merger of Serbia and the South Slav-inhabited areas of Austria-Hungary on 1 December 1918, in the immediate aftermath of World War I. The Army of the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes was established to defend the new state, it was formed around the nucleus of the victorious Royal Serbian Army, as well as armed formations raised in regions controlled by Austria-Hungary. Many former Austro-Hungarian officers and soldiers became members of the new army. From the beginning, much like other aspects of public life in the new kingdom, the army was dominated by ethnic Serbs, who saw it as a means by which to secure Serb political hegemony; the army's development was hampered by the kingdom's poor economy, this continued during the 1920s.

In 1929, King Alexander changed the name of the country to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, at which time the army was renamed the Royal Yugoslav Army. The army budget remained tight, as tensions rose across Europe during the 1930s, it became difficult to secure weapons and munitions from other countries. At the time World War II broke out in September 1939, the VKJ had several serious weaknesses, which included reliance on draught animals for transport, the large size of its formations; these characteristics resulted in slow, unwieldy formations, the inadequate supply of arms and munitions meant that the large Yugoslav formations had low firepower. Generals better suited to the trench warfare of World War I were combined with an army, neither equipped nor trained to resist the fast-moving combined arms approach used by the Germans in their invasions of Poland and France; the weaknesses of the VKJ in strategy, equipment and supply were exacerbated by serious ethnic disunity within Yugoslavia, resulting from two decades of Serb hegemony and the attendant lack of political legitimacy achieved by the central government.

Attempts to address the disunity came too late to ensure. Fifth column activity was a serious concern, not only from the Croatian nationalist Ustaše but from the country's Slovene and ethnic German minorities; the 1st Cavalry Division was established soon after the creation of the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes, was part of the army order of battle formalised in 1921, at which time it consisted of four regiments. According to regulations issued by the VKJ in 1935, the 1st Cavalry Division was headquartered in Zagreb during peacetime, was under the control of Cavalry Command in Belgrade, as was the 2nd Cavalry Division, located in southeastern Yugoslavia at Niš; the division's units were manned by a mixture of part-time personnel. In peacetime, the 1st Cavalry Division comprised: Headquarters 1st Cavalry Brigade in Čakovec near Zagreb Headquarters 2nd Cavalry Brigade in Subotica in the Banat north of Belgrade 2nd Cavalry Regiment, based in Virovitica on the Drava river in Slavonia 3rd Cavalry Regiment, based in Subotica 6th Cavalry Regiment, based in Zagreb 8th Cavalry Regiment, based in Čakovec The wartime organisation of the Royal Yugoslav Army was laid down by regulations issued in 1936–37, which introduced a requirement to raise a third cavalry division for war service.

The strength of a cavalry division was 6,000–7,000 men. The theoretical war establishment of a mobilised Yugoslav cavalry division was: headquarters and headquarters company a cavalry brigade consisting of 2 or 3 cavalry regiments an artillery battalion of four batteries, one of, motorised and equipped with 47 mm anti-tank guns a bicycle-mounted infantry battalion with three rifle companies and one machine gun company a signals squadron a bridging squadron equipped with pontoons a chemical platoon a divisional cavalry battalion consisting of two cavalry squadrons, a machine gun squadron, an engineer squadron and a bicycle company logistics units, including a transport battalionEach cavalry regiment was to consist of four cavalry squadrons, a machine gun squadron, an engineer squadron. Shortly before the war, an abortive attempt was made to motorise the 1st Cavalry Division, but this was stymied by a lack of motor transport and the division remain

Cut River (Mackinac County, Michigan)

Cut River is a small, short river in the Upper Peninsula of the U. S. state of Michigan. The 4-mile river runs along the boundary between Hendricks Township and Moran Township, with the mouth on Lake Michigan about two miles east of Epoufette and about four miles west of Brevort, it drains part of the Little Brevoort wetland through a steep-sided limestone gorge into northern Lake Michigan. The river's drainage is located within the Lake Superior State Forest and is administered by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Cut River is notable for two features: The Cut River Bridge, carrying U. S. Highway 2 over the Cut River close to its mouth, is one of the longest truss arch bridges in the United States, is the eighth longest bridge in Michigan. Completed in 1947, the bridge is 641 feet long, rises 140 feet above the base of the gorge. Parking is available at both ends of the bridge, there is a pedestrian footpath on the north side of the bridge, offering a good view of the gorge. Locals call the bridge "the million dollar bridge over a two-bit creek."The Cut River gorge is well adapted to growth of mature sugar maple specimens.

The bridge and footpath, which rise just above treetop level, offer good views of the gorge during the autumn color season. Hiking trails descend from both ends of the bridge down into the river valley, with a spur to the Lake Michigan shoreline, it should not be confused with the natural waterway that runs between Higgins Lake and Houghton Lake in the lower peninsula of Michigan, called "Cut River"

Lori Berenson

Lori Helene Berenson is an American convicted felon, who served a 20-year prison sentence for collaboration with a terrorist organization in Peru in 1996. Berenson worked with the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement, a group accused of trying to overthrow the Peruvian government by force, is considered a terrorist organization by the Peruvian government; the MRTA was placed on the U. S. State Department's official "terrorist organization" list from 1997–2001, her arrest and conviction, the circumstances surrounding her trials, drew considerable attention in both the United States and Peru. After securing press credentials for herself and a photographer, after visiting Peru's Congress to interview some of its members and attend sessions where she took notes and sketched a seating plan, Berenson was arrested on a public bus along with the photographer, her photographer turned out to be the wife of a top MRTA leader, a fact which Berenson stated she was unaware of at that time. The MRTA is alleged to have intended to use the information to seize lawmakers and exchange the hostages for imprisoned MRTA members.

The house she rented in Lima was found to contain an arsenal of weapons and ammunition, together with armed guerrillas who violently resisted capture. She denied knowing of the presence of either the weaponry or the guerrillas, she denied knowing that the documents she prepared would be used for terrorism. In 2011 she admitted that she had known that her associates were MRTA members and she said: "It might not have been intentional, but the bottom line is: I did collaborate with them." In the same interview she maintained that she had not been aware that weapons were being amassed in the upper floors of her house which she had sublet to the MRTA members, she maintained that she was unaware that violent actions were being planned at the Congress, stating that "at that time in Fujimori's dictatorship, Congress was the only place that there was some sort of democratic process."Shortly after her arrest, she made an angry statement, alleging that the MRTA was not a terrorist group, but was instead a revolutionary movement.

After she was tried in 1996 by a military tribunal with a hooded judge and sentenced to life imprisonment, Berenson became "a cause celebre for human rights campaigners and a symbol for leftwing social activists around the world", except in Peru, where parties and newspapers across the political spectrum condemned her actions, criticized the unwillingness of European and American media progressive ones, to apply the label'terrorist' to first world citizens. Although publicly known judges had been killed in Peru by the MRTA, other elements of her trial were considered to be both violations of human rights and lacking in impartiality, provoking controversy in the United States and other countries. In particular, she was denied the right to examine the government's evidence and witnesses, she was sentenced to life in prison without parole. In 2000, following a change of government in Peru, her conviction was overturned and she received a new trial, she was sentenced to 20 years in prison. She served 15 years, was granted conditional release in May 2010.

In August 2010, an appeals court ordered that Berenson be rearrested and required to serve out the remainder of her sentence. On November 5, 2010, a Peruvian judge ordered. While on parole, she was required to remain in Peru. In December 2015, after completing her sentence, Berenson returned to New York to live with her family. Berenson was raised in New York City to Rhoda and Mark Berenson, both college professors. After graduating from LaGuardia High School of Music and Art, she enrolled at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the fall of 1987. On her web site, she states that she volunteered for soup kitchens and blood banks and worked as a mother's helper in the Hamptons as a teenager. While an undergraduate at MIT, she volunteered with the Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador, she dropped out of MIT in 1988 as a sophomore majoring in archeology and anthropology and continued to volunteer for CISPES. She went to El Salvador and became secretary and translator for Leonel González, a leader of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front, during negotiations that achieved peace in 1992.

FMLN was at that time an umbrella organization associated with various leftist guerrilla organizations and the Salvadoran Communist Party and working to overthrow the Salvadoran military dictatorship. FMLN transitioned during the peace process. González is the President of El Salvador. After political reconciliation came to El Salvador, Berenson moved to Peru. During her travels and political activities, she claims she was supported by a trust fund established for her by her parents. In Peru, Berenson met members of the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement, a group that had committed numerous terrorist attacks in Peru including kidnapping, bank robberies, hostage taking, assassinations. Berenson, denied until 2011 knowing that they were MRTA members. Berenson co-rented a large house in Lima in an upscale neighborhood. Much of the house was used as a safe house by MRTA operatives, with up to 15 of them occupying their part of the residence. Berenson claimed to be unaware of the connection and to have moved out some months prior to her arrest.

Berenson obtained press credentials for herself and her photographer to the Congress of Peru, papers which were reported by the media to be "false journalist cre

Avesta (locality)

Avesta is a locality and the seat of Avesta Municipality in Dalarna County, with 11,949 inhabitants in 2015. The name is first found in 1303 as "Aghastadhum". Aghe is of similar origin as the word å, meaning stream, in this case the Avestafors, a tributary of the river Dalälven. Stadhum was dative plural of a word of similar origin as stead, or farm. In the Scandinavian Middle Ages there was a blast furnace at the location. In 1636 the construction of a giant copper mine was initiated near the Avesta fors; the town Avesta received partial privileges in 1641 as a town under the city of Falun, in 1644 a copper mint was built. However, the privileges were withdrawn in 1688 due to complaints of competition from its neighbour Falun. Copper coins were continued to be minted until 1831, the copper works was in function until 1869. Full city rights were regranted in 1919; the designated coat of arms depict the signs for iron. The town is located by the Dalecarlia River; the railway junction Krylbo is situated in Avesta.

The following sports clubs are located in Avesta: Avesta AIK Masarna Skogsbo-Avesta IF Retired NHL defenceman Nicklas Lidström Tony Rickardsson Counter-Strike: Global Offensive player Jesper'JW' Wecksell Scar Symmetry

Red Panzer

Red Panzer is the name used by four different comic book supervillains who have appeared in books published by DC Comics as adversaries of Wonder Woman as well as Donna Troy during her time as a member of the Titans. The Helmut Streicher version of Red Panzer first appeared in Wonder Woman #228 and was created by Martin Pasko and José Delbo; the second Red Panzer first was created by Phil Jiminez. The third Red Panzer first appeared in Titans #5 and was created by Devin Grayson and Mark Buckingham; the Justin version of Red Panzer first appeared in Titans #12 and was created by Devin Grayson and Mark Buckingham. Nazi Helmut Streicher captured Batman and Green Lantern prior to the formation of the Justice Society, he donned body armor and fought Wonder Woman during World War II. The armor has been worn by three modern successors of Streicher; the next Red Panzer was a neo-Nazi bent on upholding his beliefs on white supremacy. When his son was born, his coloring betrayed his bloodline, it was revealed that Red Panzer's wife had African American blood in her.

Horrified at learning this, Red Panzer murdered his wife. His son was raised in foster homes. Inspired by the Golden Age Red Panzer, he was a simple-minded neo-Nazi villain, killed during a battle with Wonder Woman and Troia; because of his alleged "black blood" from his mother's side, the child, to take up the name Red Panzer was put away for adoption by his neo-Nazi father. As a teen, he learned that his father, as the Red Panzer, was killed during a battle with Wonder Woman and Troia. Vowing revenge, the boy joined Vandal Savage's Tartarus team, he was killed by H. I. V. E. Leader Damien Dahrk; the teen named Justin was a self-styled anarchist, recruited into the criminal H. I. V. E. by Damien Dahrk. During a clash with Vandal Savage's Tartarus team, the then-current Red Panzer was killed and Savage offered Justin the armor. Justin accepted though he did not want to become a Nazi; this Red Panzer served with Tartarus for a brief time before the team disbanded due to cooperation difficulties. Justin has since relocated to Zandia and was one of a number of criminals seen in battle against Young Justice and their allies.

During the recent events chronicled in Infinite Crisis, Red Panzer was one of many superhuman criminals who joined the villainous Society organized by Alexander Luthor, Jr. Red Panzer is sent, along with other villains, on a murderous rampage throughout Gotham City. Most of Red Panzer's abilities are part of his costume, he is armed with a cannon on his arm and his body armor is an indestructible shell. The second and third Red Panzers gathered personal armies of neo-Nazis. List of Wonder Woman enemies The Unofficial Red Panzer I Biography The Unofficial Red Panzer II Biography The Unofficial Red Panzer III Biography The Unofficial Red Panzer IV Biography