Kasumigaseki is a district in Chiyoda Ward in Tokyo, Japan. It is the location of most of Japan's cabinet ministry offices; the name is used as a metonym for the Japanese government bureaucracy, as opposed to Nagatachō, which refers to the elected government or the legislative branch. Kasumigaseki Station was one of the stations affected during the Tokyo subway sarin attack. 2nd Bldg. of the Central Common Government OfficeJapan Transport Safety Board National Public Safety Commission Fair Trade Commission Coast Guard Patent Office Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Ministry of Economy and Industry Ministry of Finance Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Justice Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Tourism Ministry of Health and Welfare Ministry of Education, Sports and Technology Ministry of the Environment Public Security Intelligence Agency National Police Agency Financial Services Agency Agency for Cultural Affairs National Personnel Authority Board of Audit of Japan Tokyo Metropolitan Police HQ Tokyo High Court and Intellectual Property High Court Tokyo District Court, Summary Court and Family Court Japan Post headquarters Kasumigaseki Building - Tokyo's first high-rise office buildingThe Asian Development Bank Institute has its head office on the 8th floor of the Kasumigaseki Building.
On the same floor, the Asian Development Bank has its Japan offices. Kasumigaseki Common Gate - Twin tower buildings adjacent to the Kasumigaseki Building. New Kasumigaseki Building Nipponkoa Insurance Building Kasumigaseki Station Sakuradamon Station Toranomon Station Japan Post Holdings has its headquarters in Kasumigaseki. Tokuyama Corporation has its headquarters in Kasumigaseki Common Gate West Tower and PricewaterhouseCoopers has offices on the 15th floor of the Kasumigaseki Building. In the Kasumigaseki Building has its headquarters the Lixil Group Corporation. At different points of time All Nippon Airways and Mitsui Chemicals had their headquarters in the Kasumigaseki Building. In July 1978, when Nippon Cargo Airlines first began, it operated within a single room inside All Nippon Airways's space in the Kasumigaseki Building. At one time Cantor Fitzgerald had an office in the Toranomon Mitsui Building in Kasumigaseki. History of Kasumigaseki
The Japan Exchange and Teaching Programme, or JET Programme, is a Japanese government initiative that brings college graduates—mostly native speakers of English—to Japan as Assistant Language Teachers and Sports Education Advisors in Japanese kindergartens, junior high and high schools, or as Coordinators for International Relations in local governments and boards of education. JET Programme participants are collectively called JETs. Participants come from a total of 40 countries; as of July 1, 2014, 4,476 participants were employed on the programme, making it the world's largest exchange teaching programme. Of that number, about half are from the United States, with Canada, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and South Africa making up the majority of JET participants. Holders of Japanese passports may participate in the programme, but must renounce their Japanese citizenship to do so; the focus of the programme is on English language learning and teaching, so about 90% of the participants on the programme are ALTs.
The number of alumni totals over 57,000 from 54 different countries. The English Teaching Recruitment Programme was started in 1978 and was for British university graduates; this programme became known as the "British English Teachers Scheme". American teaching assistants were added under the "Monbusho English Fellows Program" beginning in 1977; as more countries were included, the programmes were folded into a single entity, the JET Programme, in 1987. It offers university graduates positions for full-time jobs as either an Assistant Language Teacher in elementary and secondary schools, a Sports Exchange Advisor whose role is to assist with sports training and the planning of sports related projects, or a Coordinator for International Relations in selected local government offices in Japan, its aims were revised to "increase mutual understanding between the people of Japan and the people of other nations, to promote internationalisation in Japan's local communities by helping to improve foreign language education, to develop international exchange at the community level".
The total number of JET participants decreased from a high of 6,273 in 2002 down to 4,330 in 2011 before stabilizing. The total number of JETs' is 5,528, as of July 2018; the programme is run by three ministries: the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. The programme is administered by CLAIR, has an annual budget of over 45 billion yen. There is an organization called The Association of Japan Exchange and Teaching that provides support for the Programme participants and facilitates communication with the JET Programme sponsors. AJET has a number of publications to assist with teaching in Japan; some notable publications include Foxy Phonics. AJET is not an official JET organization, it has no official ties with CLAIR. Applicants must: hold a Bachelor's degree. Prospective participants must submit a detailed application including a statement of purpose and self-reported medical form in November or December of the year before their departure; those who pass stage one of the process are invited to interviews which are conducted in major cities in February.
Although applications are accepted from people living in Japan, there are no interviews offered in-country. Applicants must interview in their home country. Interviews are conducted in English or in the language of applicant's country, but part of the interview will be conducted in Japanese if the applicant indicated Japanese ability on their application, or if they are a CIR applicant; the interview is conducted by a panel of three people, consisting of former JETs and members of Japanese government and consulate organizations. The interviews last 20 minutes. Interviewees are offered a position, rejected, or become "Alternates". Once offered a position, applicants must formally submit their rejection of the offer. In addition, they must provide the results of a recent physical examination, performed by a physician within the last three months, they must submit detailed contact information so that the programme can send them materials and information as the departure date draws nearer. Participants learn of their placement details during May through July just before their departure date of late July or early August.
Alternates may receive short notice, sometimes only a few weeks, if a placement becomes available. A small group of alternates arrives together in late August and other individual alternates arrive at other times throughout the fall. Applicants who withdraw from the program after receiving placement notification are ineligible to reapply the following year. Applicants are required to dep
National Spiritual Mobilization Movement
The National Spiritual Mobilization Movement was an organization established in the Empire of Japan as part of the controls on civilian organizations under the National Mobilization Law by Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe. Representatives from 74 nationalist organizations were assembled at the Prime Minister's residence in October 1937, were told that their organizations were now part of the "Central League of the Spiritual Mobilization Movement," headed by Admiral Ryokitsu Arima and under the joint supervision of the Ministry of Home Affairs and Ministry of Education; the purpose of the Movement would be to rally the nation for a total war effort against China in the Second Sino-Japanese War. Konoe ordered another 19 nationalist organizations to join the League; this movement and other policies were part of "New Order", promulgated on 3 November 1938, a holiday marking emperor Meiji's birthday. Apart from public calls for increased patriotism, the National Spiritual Mobilization Movement spanned some concrete programs like Boosting Production service to the Nation, Increasing Crops Service to the Nation and Student Volunteers Corps Service to the Nation.
It was moreover part of a general move made by the Shōwa regime to control the information which had begun in 1936 with the establishment of the Cabinet Information Committee which launched two official magazines: the Shūhō in November 1936 and the Shashin Shūhō. The purpose of these was "to ensure that the content and purport of the policies inaugurated by the Government are disseminated to the general citizenry and understood by them". Konoe's successor, Prime Minister Kiichiro Hiranuma, turned the movement over to General Sadao Araki in January 1939, who revitalized it by having it sponsor public rallies, radio programs, printed propaganda and discussion seminars at tonarigumi neighborhood associations. Famous public figures were recruited to provide lectures on the virtues of thrift and hard work, to disseminate a sense of national pride in the Japanese kokutai; the League was abolished on 20 December 1945 by the American occupation authorities after the surrender of Japan. League of Diet Members Believing the Objectives of the Holy War Imperial Rule Assistance Association SourcesBuckley, Sandra.
Encyclopedia of Contemporary Japanese Culture. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-14344-6. Duus, Peter; the Cambridge History of Japan. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-22357-1
Cabinet Secretariat (Japan)
The Cabinet Secretariat is an agency in the Japanese government, headed by the Chief Cabinet Secretary. It organizes the Cabinet's public relations, coordinates ministries and agencies, collects intelligence for the government, organizes miscellaneous other tasks for the Cabinet, including the Prime Minister's office and residence. Chief Cabinet Secretary 3 Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretaries 3 Assistant Chief Cabinet Secretaries Offices and departments 4 separate department heads in: the Cabinet Public Relations Office, the Cabinet Intelligence and Research Office, the National Security Secretariat and the Cabinet Affairs Office Official website
Cabinet Office (Japan)
The Cabinet Office is an agency of the Cabinet of Japan. It is responsible for handling the day-to-day affairs of the Cabinet; the Cabinet Office is formally headed by the Prime Minister. There are three State Ministers and three Parliamentary Vice-Ministers in the Cabinet Office. Cabinet Office National Public Safety Commission National Police Agency Consumer Affairs Agency Financial Services Agency Fair Trade Commission Food Safety Commission Personal Information Protection Commission Imperial Household Agency Cabinet Office Full outline and structure
Lehigh University is a private research university in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. It was established in 1865 by businessman Asa Packer, its undergraduate programs have been coeducational since the 1971–72 academic year. As of 2019, the university had 1,942 graduate students. Lehigh has four colleges: the P. C. Rossin College of Engineering and Applied Science, the College of Arts and Sciences, the College of Business and Economics, the College of Education; the College of Arts and Sciences is the largest, which consists of 35% of the university's students. The university offers a variety of degrees, including Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Master of Arts, Master of Science, Master of Business Administration, Master of Engineering, Master of Education, Doctor of Philosophy. Lehigh has produced Pulitzer Prize winners, Fulbright Fellows, members of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and of the National Academy of Sciences, National Medal of Science winners. On April 5, 1986, a 19-year-old Lehigh freshman was murdered in her dorm room.
The backlash against unreported crimes on numerous campuses across the country led to the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act. The Clery Act requires that colleges reveal information regarding crime on their campuses.20 years after the federal Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act took effect, thought leaders on campus safety came to Lehigh to discuss critical safety issues for colleges and universities. The event, "Proceeding in Partnership: The Future of Campus Safety," was held on the Lehigh campus in September 2011, was co-sponsored by Security on Campus, founded by Connie and Howard Clery following the death of their daughter, Jeanne Clery; the conference represented the first cooperative effort between Lehigh and the organization since Jeanne Clery's death. Located in the Lehigh Valley, the university is a 70-mile drive from Philadelphia, an 85-mile drive from New York City. Lehigh encompasses 2,350 acres, including 180 acres of recreational and playing fields and 150 buildings comprising four million square feet of floor space.
It is organized into three contiguous campuses on and around South Mountain, including: the Asa Packer Campus, built into the northern slope of the mountain, is Lehigh's original and predominant campus. In May 2012, Lehigh became the recipient of a gift of 755 acres of property in nearby Upper Saucon Township from the Donald B. and Dorothy L. Stabler Foundation; the gift from the estate of the long-time benefactor allowed the university to expand its footprint to now comprise 2,350 acres across all its campuses, to consider its long-term potential uses. U. S. News & World Report ranked Lehigh tied for 53rd among national universities in its 2019 edition of "Best Colleges"; the Economist ranked Lehigh 7th among national universities in its 2015 ranking of non-vocational U. S. colleges ranked by alumni earnings above expectation. Entrepreneur Magazine and The Princeton Review named Lehigh the 24th best undergraduate college for entrepreneurship in 2012; the Wall Street Journal in June 2010 ranked Lehigh as number 12 in the nation for return on investment when comparing the average career earnings of a graduate to the cost of an education.
Lehigh has appeared in several international university rankings. The university ranked 301–350 overall in the 2013–2014 Times Higher Education World University Rankings, 401–500 overall in the 2012 edition of the Academic Ranking of World Universities, 551-600 overall in the 2013 QS World University Rankings. U. S. News & World Report classifies Lehigh's selectivity as "Most Selective." For the Class of 2022, Lehigh received 15,623 applications and accepted 3,418. Per Lehigh's school newspaper, 2022 marked the most selective year with a 19% acceptance rate for regular decision applicants. Lehigh's average class size is 27 students; the undergraduate student-to-faculty ratio is 10:1. Lehigh University offers undergraduate enrollment in all colleges but the College of Education: the P. C. Rossin School of Engineering and Applied Science, the College of Business and Economics, the College of Arts and Sciences. Students are able to take courses or major/minor in a subject outside of their respective college.
The university operates on a semester system. Graduates of Lehigh's engineering programs invented the escalator and founded Packard Motor Car Company and the companies that built the locks and lockgates of the Panama Canal. Other notable alumni include Lee Iacocca. Tau Beta Pi, the renowned engineering honor society, was founded at Lehigh. In 2012, BusinessWeek ranked Lehigh's College of Business and Economics 31st in the nation among undergraduate business programs. Lehigh's finance program is strong, ranked as 7th overall undergraduate finance program in the nation by BusinessWeek; the accounting program is strong, ranked as the 21st best undergraduate program in the nation by BusinessWeek. Additionally, US News & World Report ranked Lehigh's part-time MBA 20th in the nation in 2018 rankings. Entrepreneur Magazine and The Princeton Review named Lehigh the 24th best undergraduate college for entrepreneurship in 2012. Based in Maginnes Hall, Lehigh offers a variety of visual arts programs. In particular, it has many music programs, including a marching ba