Athanasia "Sia" Anagnostopoulou is a left-wing Greek politician and academic, the Alternate Minister of Education and Religious Affairs in the Second Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras. From 18 July to 28 August 2015, she served as the Alternate Minister for European Affairs in the First Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras. Anagnostopoulou is an associate professor of history at the Panteion University, has been a visiting professor at the New York University, the University of Cyprus and the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences. Anagnostopoulou was born in Patras in 1959, she attended the 4th Lyceum of Patras before moving to Athens. Anagnostopoulou studied at the Department of Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies, of the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Athens, she continued her studies in Paris. Firstly, a degree in Turkish language and culture from the Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, secondly a DEA in Histoire et Civilisations from the Pantheon-Sorbonne University.
She completed her PhD in history at the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences in 1993. Anagnostopoulou taught for nine years, from 1995 to 2004, at the Turkish and Middle Eastern Studies Department of the University of Cyprus, since 2004 she has taught in the Panteion University’s Political Science and History Department, she is an Associate Professor of History at the Panteion. She has taught, as a visiting professor, at many universities in Europe and America, she has published extensively, she was a visiting professor at New York University in 2000, at the University of Cyprus from 2008 to 2009, at the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences in 2011. Her main research interests are nationalism in Greece and Cyprus, colonialism in Cyprus. From 2000 to 2003, Anagnostopoulou headed the Cypriot Foreign Ministry's research team on issues concerning Turkey and the Turkish-Cypriot community, she is on the Board of the Greek Contemporary Social History Archives, is on the editorial board of The History, an academic journal.
Anagnostopoulou was elected as a Syriza Member of the Hellenic Parliament for Achaea at the January 2015 Greek legislative election. She sits on the Standing Committee on National Defense and Foreign Affairs and on the Committee on European Affairs. On 18 July 2015, Anagnostopoulou was appointed as the Alternate Minister for European Affairs, succeeding Nikolaos Chountis who resigned on 13 July. Following the appointment of the Second Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras, Anagnostopoulou was made the Alternate Minister of Education and Religious Affairs. Anagnostopoulou can speak four languages fluently: Greek, French and English; the Turkish Modernization: The Tortuous Path of Kemalism The Passage from the Ottoman Empire to the Nation-States: The Case of Greece and Cyprus Asia Minor: The Greek Orthodox Communities, 19th Century - 1919, ISBN 9603444200 "The Complexities of Greek Nationalism in its Cypriot Version" "The ‘Nation’ of the Rum Sings of the Sultan: The Many Faces of Ottomanism" "The Europeanisation and de-Europeanisation of Islam", "The Complexities of Greek Nationalism and Turkish Cypriots for their Release" "1919-1922: The Ethnarchismos of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in the Frame of the Great Idea" "Bin Yasa Padisahimiz: The Millet-i Rum Singing the Praises of the Sultan in the Framework of Helleno-Ottomanism" "The problem of identities in the second half of the 20th century in Cyprus", References: Faculty page at Panteion University Author page on Scopus Personal blog
Christos Spirtzis is a Greek engineer and centre-left independent politician. Since 28 January 2015 he has been the Alternate Minister of Infrastructure and Networks in the government of Alexis Tsipras. Born 1969 in Athens and raised in the nearby Ampelokipoi, Spirtzis studied Electrical engineering at the Democritus University of Thrace. In 1999 he was appointed a member of the Economic and Social Committee of Greece, a post he would hold until 2008. One year in 2000, Spirtzis was elected to the executive committee of the Technical Chamber of Greece. In 2007, he became vice president responsible for energy, employment, licensing, ethics in representation, the databank. In September 2010, he was promoted to the post of the president of the chamber. Presiding over the Democratic Coalition of Technicians, he was re-elected as president of TEE in 2013, he chairs the Hellenic National Committee at the World Energy Council. Spirtzis, described as a "child" of social-democratic PASOK, however wasn't hesitant to clash with his party in opposing the Memorandum.
After the January 2015 legislative election, Spirtzis was appointed Alternate Minister of Infrastructure and Networks by the Syriza-led government of Alexis Tsipras. He was sworn in on 28 January 2015, one day than most ministers, as the Council of State had to approve the merging of ministries first. Announcing that the government would stop the privatization of fourteen regional airports, he said: "The central position of the government is to stop the privatizations of infrastructure which serve and can help the development of the country." Official website
Yannis Dragasakis is a Greek politician and the current Deputy Prime Minister of Greece. He served as Deputy Prime Minister from 27 January to 28 August 2015, he is a member of the Greek Parliament for the Coalition of the Radical Left for the Athens B constituency. Dragasakis was born in the village of Anatoli, Crete, he studied political science and economics at London School of Economics and has worked as a researcher and adviser in different companies in Europe. He was a member of the mission of the Greek Parliament in the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, he was a prominent member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Greece until 1991 when he resigned to join Synaspismos, became one of their founding members. He became a member of Syriza. Dragasakis was first elected as a Member of the Hellenic Parliament in 1989 for the Coalition of the Left of Movements and Ecology, in the constituency of Chania, he was re-elected in 1996 for Athens B.
At all subsequent elections, he has been re-elected. On 13 November 1989, he was appointed Alternate Minister of National Economy in the Ecumenical Cabinet of Xenophon Zolotas, served in this role until 13 February 1990, when he was removed in a cabinet reshuffle. On 7 October 2008, he was elected as Deputy Speaker of the Hellenic Parliament, the first Deputy Speaker from Syriza's parliamentary group, he served for a one-year period, but was elected again in 2012, serving the whole legislative period until December 2014. Dragasakis is one of the "economic quartet" of Syriza, the four main economists responsible for their economic policy, alongside Euclid Tsakalotos, Giorgos Stathakis and John Milios. Following the January 2015 legislative election, Syriza formed a coalition government with ANEL. Alexis Tsipras, the leader of Syriza, became Prime Minister, in turn appointed Dragasakis as Deputy Prime Minister. In March 2015, Dragasakis co-authored an article in the Financial Times with Yanis Varoufakis and Euclid Tsakalotos that asked Greece's creditors to give them a chance.
After Yanis Varoufakis, the Minister of Finance, resigned on 6 July, Dragasakis was named as a potential successor. Varoufakis was succeeded by Euclid Tsakalotos. Dragasakis speaks English as well as Greek, he has two daughters and Rinio. Friends have described him as "rigid and inflexible in terms of socialist perspective", but tactical as he "the realism of everyday life", he has been described as "grounded in reality". Official website CV and office terms of Yannis Dragasakis at the Hellenic Parliament
Dimitris Tzanakopoulos is a Greek politician and a lawyer. He is the Government Spokesperson of the Hellenic Republic, he was born in Athens in 1982. His older brother, Antonios Tzanakopoulos, is an Associate Professor at the University of Oxford, while his younger sister, Maria Tzanakopoulou, is a Teaching Fellow at University College London. Tzanakopoulos graduated from the Athens Law School with a Bachelor of Laws degree and a Master’s degree in Philosophy of Law, he is a PhD candidate in Legal Theory at the University of London. He has published academic articles in the ` Law and Critique' journal, he was elected secretary of the SYRIZA Youth organization in 2005. In 2012 he was appointed legal adviser to SYRIZA’s parliamentary office and in 2015 he became director general of Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras office. Since November 2016, he is Minister of Government Spokesperson. Biography Official twitter account Official facebook account
First National Assembly at Epidaurus
The First National Assembly of Epidaurus was the first meeting of the Greek National Assembly, a national representative political gathering of the Greek revolutionaries. The assembly opened in December 1821 at Piada, it was attended by representatives from regions involved in the revolution against Ottoman rule. The majority of the representatives were local notables and clergymen from the Peloponnese, Central Greece and the islands. In addition, a number of Phanariotes and academics attended. However, a number of prominent revolutionaries, including Alexander Ypsilantis and the most prominent military leaders were absent. Of the 59 representatives at the assembly, 20 were landowners, 13 were ship-owners, 12 were intellectuals, 4 were military leaders, 3 were archpriests, 3 were merchants, with and 4 others; the assembly passed a number of important documents, including: The Provisional Regime of Greece, sometimes translated as Temporary Constitution of Greece, which included a Declaration of Independence.
The Assembly elected a five-member executive on 15 January 1822, presided over by Alexandros Mavrocordatos. The executive in turn appointed the first government; the first legislature had 33 members. Another characteristic of the First National Assembly is the absence of any reference in the Constitution to the Filiki Eteria, although Dimitrios Ypsilantis, brother of Alexandros Ypsilantis and official representative of the Filiki Eteria, was appointed president of the legislature, a body controlled by the local notables
Prime Minister of Greece
The Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic, colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Greece, is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet. The incumbent prime minister is Alexis Tsipras, who took office on 21 September 2015; the prime minister's official seat is the Maximos Mansion in the centre of Athens. The office is described as Prime Minister or President of the Government; this is the reason why the prime minister is addressed as "Mr. President"; the prime minister is appointed by the President of Greece. According to Article 37 of the Greek Constitution, the President shall appoint the leader of the political party with the absolute majority of seats in the parliament as prime minister. If no party has the absolute majority, the president shall give the leader of the party with a relative majority an exploratory mandate in order to ascertain the possibility of forming a government enjoying the confidence of parliament. If this possibility cannot be ascertained, the President shall give the exploratory mandate to the leader of the second largest party in Parliament, if this proves to be unsuccessful, to the leader of the third largest party in parliament.
Each exploratory mandate shall be in force for three days. If all exploratory mandates prove to be unsuccessful, the President summons all party leaders, if the impossibility to form a cabinet enjoying the confidence of the parliament is confirmed, he shall attempt to form a cabinet composed of all parties in parliament for the purpose of holding parliamentary elections. If this fails, he shall entrust the president of the Supreme Administrative Court or of the Supreme Civil and Criminal Court or of the Court of Auditors to form a cabinet as accepted as possible to carry out elections after he dissolves Parliament. Therefore, the election of members of a certain party to parliament is the equivalent to a vote for that party's leader for prime minister. Before taking office, the Prime Minister is sworn-in at a religious ceremony inside the Presidential Mansion. Prime Ministers are sworn in by the Archbishop of Athens, the head of the Church of Greece; the Archbishop begins with a few prayers and the Kyrie Eleison, the Prime Minister-Elect places his hand on the Bible placed in between two lit candles, all on a table between him and the Archbishop.
Following after the Archbishop, the Prime Minister-Elect recites the oath: The Archbishop recites a few more blessings, the participants make the sign of the cross three times. The Archbishop congratulates the new Prime Minister, who shakes hands with the President before the pertinent documents are signed. In 2015 Alexis Tsipras, a self-proclaimed atheist, became the first Prime Minister to opt for a secular affirmation instead of the traditional religious oath, he was sworn in by President Karolos Papoulias instead of the Archbishop of Athens, and, in place of the above oath, recited the affirmation: He shook hands with the President, who congratulated him, before proceeding to sign the official documents as normal. When Tsipras assumed the premiership again, on 21 September 2015, President Prokopis Pavlopoulos decided that the affirmation had to be more formal, as it follows: The Maximos Mansion has been the official seat of the Prime Minister of Greece since 1982, it is located near Syntagma Square.
Although the building contains the offices of the Head of the Greek Government, it is not used as the residence of the Prime Minister. During the Greek War of Independence, different regions of Greece that were free of Ottoman control began establishing democratic systems for self-government, such as the Peloponnesian Senate. Meanwhile, a series of overarching National Assemblies, such as the First National Assembly at Epidaurus, met from time-to-time to provide overall coordination; the First Assembly elected a 5-member executive council, headed by Alexandros Mavrokordatos. The Executive continued to govern Greece until 1828, when Ioannis Kapodistrias assumed the governance of the state as "Governor of Greece"—simultaneously head of state and of the government. Kapodistrias was assassinated in 1831 and his government, presided over by his brother Augustinos, collapsed the following year, it was replaced by a series of collective governmental councils, which lasted until 1833, when Greece became a monarchy.
In 1832, Greece's nascent experiment with democracy was ended and a monarchy was established with the underage Bavarian Prince Otto as king. The government was led by a regency council made up of Bavarians; the president of this council, Count Josef Ludwig von Armansperg was the de facto head of government under Otto. Otto dismissed his Bavarian advisers and wielded power as an absolute monarch as head of state and his own head of government. King Otto's reign as an absolute monarch came to an end when agitators for a constitution rose up in the 3 September Revolution in 1843. Otto was forced to grant a constitution and Andreas Metaxas took power. However, two factors maintained significant power for the crown: the Greek party structure was weak and client-based and the monarch was free to select any member of parliament to form a government. In 1862, Otto was deposed and the Greek