The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is a cabinet-level ministry of the Japanese government responsible for the country's foreign relations. The ministry was established by the second term of the third article of the National Government Organization Act, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Establishment Act. According to the law, its chief is a member of the cabinet, "its mission is to aim at improvement of the profits of Japan and Japanese nationals, while contributing to maintenance of peaceful and safe international society, through an active and eager measure, both to implement good international environment and to keep and develop harmonic foreign relationships". Under the 1947 constitution, the cabinet exercises primary responsibility for the conduct of foreign affairs, subject to the overall supervision of the National Diet; the Prime Minister is required to make periodic reports on foreign relations to the Diet, whose upper and lower houses each have a foreign affairs committee. Each committee reports on its deliberations to plenary sessions of the chamber.
Ad hoc committees are formed to consider special questions. Diet members have the right to raise pertinent policy questions—officially termed interpellations—to the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Prime Minister. Treaties with foreign countries require ratification by the Diet; as head of state, the Emperor performs the ceremonial function of receiving foreign envoys and attesting to foreign treaties ratified by the Diet. As the chief executive and constitutionally the dominant figure in the political system, the Prime Minister has the final word in major foreign policy decisions; the Minister for Foreign Affairs, a member of the cabinet, acts as the Prime Minister's chief adviser in matters of planning and implementation. The Minister is assisted by two vice ministers: one in charge of administration, at the apex of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs structure as its senior career official, the other in charge of political liaison with the Diet. Other key positions in the ministry include members of the ministry's Secretariat, which has divisions handling consular, emigration and cultural exchange functions, the directors of the various regional and functional bureaus in the ministry.
The ministry's staff includes an elite career foreign service corps, recruited on the basis of a competitive examination and thereafter trained by the ministry's Foreign Service Training Institute. The handling of specific foreign policy issues is divided between the geographic and functional bureaus to minimize overlap and competition. In general, bilateral issues are assigned to the geographic bureaus, multilateral problems to the functional bureaus; the Treaties Bureau, with its wide-ranging responsibilities, tend to get involved in the whole spectrum of issues. The Information Analysis and Planning Bureau engages in comprehensive and coordinated policy investigation and planning. Long a profession of high social prestige, diplomatic service from the Meiji period through World War II was a preserve of the upper social strata. In addition to formal qualifications, important prewar requirements for admission were proper social origin, family connections, graduation from Tokyo Imperial University.
After World War II, these requirements were changed as part of democratic reform measures but foreign service continued to be a regarded career. Most career foreign service officers had passed the postwar Higher Foreign Service Examination before entry into the service. Many of these successful examinees were graduates of the prestigious Law Faculty of the University of Tokyo. All ambassadorial appointments since the 1950s have been made from among veteran diplomats. Diplomacy in postwar Japan was not a monopoly of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Given the overriding importance of economic factors in foreign relations, the ministry worked with the Ministry of Finance on matters of customs, international finance, foreign aid; the Ministry of Foreign Affairs consulted other agencies, such as the Defense Agency, the Fair Trade Commission, the Japan Export-Import Bank, the Japan External Trade Organization, the Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund, the Overseas Technical Cooperation Agency. On many issues affecting the country's foreign economic activities—and thus its diplomatic relations as well—the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and sometimes MITI and the Ministry of Finance were known to favor liberalizing import restrictions.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries and other domestic ministries, took a more protectionist stand, evidently because of pressures from special interest groups. The vital importance of foreign affairs expanded to affect every aspect of national life in postwar Japan, the multiplicity of agencies involved in external affairs continued to be a source of confusion and inefficiency in the formulation of foreign policy, yet as the postwar generation of leaders and policymakers began to assume a greater role in government decision making and as public attitudes on foreign policy issues matured, there were indications that foreign affairs were being conducted on the basis of a more stable consensus. The current Minister for Foreign Affairs is Tarō Kōno. Minister's Secretariat Chief of Protocol Press Secretary / Director-General for Press and Public Relations Public Diplomacy Department Foreign Policy Bureau Disarmament, Non-Proliferation and Science Department Asian and Oceanian Affai
Kristina Rachel García is an American-born Dominican footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder for Great Neck South High School and as a forward for the Dominican Republic women's national team. García has verbally committed to the Stony Brook Seawolves to join them in 2021. García has appeared for the Dominican Republic at the 2020 CONCACAF Women's Olympic Qualifying Championship qualification. García was born in the United States to a Dominican mother, her father has played in the El Salvador national football team. "Kristina García". Global Sports Archive. Retrieved 13 February 2020. Kristina García on Instagram
Pat Hartnett is an Irish hurling selector and former player. His league and championship career with the Cork senior team spanned eleven seasons from 1984 to 1994. Born in Midleton, County Cork, Hartnett first played competitive hurling at St. Colman's College in Fermoy. Here he was a member of the senior team. Hartnett lined out with University College Cork, winning a Fitzgibbon Cup medal in 1985. Hartnett first appeared for the Midleton club at juvenile and underage levels, winning county under-21 championship medals, he joined the club's senior team and won an All-Ireland medal in 1988. Hartnett won two Munster medals and four county senior championship medals. In spite of never having played minor hurling for Cork, Hartnett made his debut on the inter-county scene at the age of nineteen when he was selected for the Cork under-21 team, he enjoyed two championship seasons with the under-21 team, winning an All-Ireland medal as a non-playing substitute in 1982. Hartnett subsequently joined his brother, John, on the Cork senior team, making his debut during the 1984 championship.
Over the course of the next ten years, he won two All-Ireland medals, beginning with a lone triumph in his debut season in 1984 before adding a second winners' medal in 1986. Hartnett won four Munster medals and one National Hurling League medal. After being chosen on the Munster Munster inter-provincial team for the first time in 1985, Hartnett was an automatic choice on the starting fifteen for three consecutive seasons. During that time he won one Railway Cup medal. After being involved in team management and coaching with the Midleton under-21 hurling team, Hartnett was appointed as a selector to the Cork minor team in 2014, he became a senior selector as part of Kieran Kingston's management team in 2015. University College CorkFitzgibbon Cup: 1985MidletonAll-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship: 1988 Munster Senior Club Hurling Championship: 1983, 1987 Cork Senior Hurling Championship: 1983, 1986, 1987, 1991CorkAll-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship: 1984, 1986 Munster Senior Hurling Championship: 1984, 1985, 1986, 1992 National Hurling League: 1992-93 All-Ireland Under-21 Hurling Championship: 1982 Munster Under-21 Hurling Championship: 1982MunsterRailway Cup: 1985
The Brink of Law is a TVB modern action series broadcast in January 2007. Tong Chi-Ko is the source of his father's pride. However, his father is addicted to gambling, much to the displeasure of his wife and daughter, ends up with a dangerous amount of debt; when the father and son spend a day watching a horse race together, Tong Chi-Ko meets Tung Yat-Tsun, a veterinarian and the nephew of the head of an affluent corporation. They become good friends. Unknown to Yat-Tsun, his uncle, Tung Chin-Long, is involved with rigging horse races. Tung Chin-Long's wife, Sung Gam-Chi, proves to be dangerous in insuring the safety of her family for the future of her favoured older son Tung Yat-Long, her younger son, Tung Yat-Chiu, ends up being a selfish troublemaker and her niece, Sung Ka-Yee, reveals herself to be manipulative and two-faced. Tong Chi-Ko's father commits suicide after mistakenly believing his wife and daughter left him because he was unwilling to stop gambling and unable to get out of debt.
On the same day Chi-Ko learns. Things become worse when Tong Chin-Long's younger son frames Chi-Ko with possession of illegal drugs, which Yat-Chiu had planned to use on Chi Ko's sister, Tong Chi-Man. Chi-Ko loses his licence to practice law, but is able to find work as a legal advisor for Nicholas, Tung Chin-Long's fashion company, with help from Yat-Tsun. Chi Ko runs into his high school lover Tsui Wing who had left to Canada when they were young and had not been in contact since, they start a budding relationship. Yan Heung-Ming, a police officer, arrests Tung Chin-Long's brother-in-law for bookmarking business. Sung Gam-Chi seeks revenge for her brother by hiring an assassin to kill Ming. One day, Tsun sees his mother at Nicolas, she had come to see Tung Chin-Long to get money from him to help with her new husband's financial troubles. Tsun overhears their conversation that Chin-Long had raped her while he was drunk, that Tsun is his son; when Tsun's father, Tung Chin-Pang, hears of this, he has a fierce fight with Chin-Long.
Gam-Chi thinks that Tsun wants to take Chin-Long's fortune away from her dearest son Long, paralyzed from a skiing accident, hires an assassin to kill Tsun. Fearing for Tsun's safety, Chin-Pang decides to relocate to New York with him, with the excuse that he will only undergo surgery for his heart there. Chin-Long quarrels with Chin-Pang for taking his son away from him, it triggers Chin-Pang's heart attack. Chin-Long deliberately fails to give Chin-Pang his medicine, Chin-Pang dies. Wing and Chi-Ko break up for a period, only to get back together. Ka-Yee pretends to fall for Yat-Long. Gam-Chi is half-unhappy. Soon Chi-Ko finds out the true identity of Wing and is recruited by Madam Wong, to go undercover and reveal Gam-Chi and Chin-Long's suspected bookkeeping and underground firearms business. 40th TVB Anniversary Awards "Best Drama" "Best Actress in a Leading Role" "Best Actress in a Leading Role" "Best Actor in a Supporting Role" "Best Actor in a Supporting Role" "My Favourite Female Character Role" TVB.com The Brink of Law - Official Website K for TVB.net The Brink of Law - Episodic Synopsis and Screen Captures
Good Thang is the second album by American funk band Faze-O, released in 1978. Good Thang - 7:38 Who Loves You - 12:20 Space People - 4:31 Party Time - 5:10 Love Me Girl - 5:05 Funky Lady - 5:55 Keith Harrison - Vocals, ARP & Minimoog synths, Clavinet and Fender Rhodes electric piano, percussion Ralph "Love" Aikens, Jr. - Lead Guitar, Talk Box and Backing Vocals Frederick Tyrone Crum - Bass Robert Neal, Jr. - Percussion and Backing Vocals Roger Parker - Drums, Percussion Eddie "Bongo" Brown - Bongos Allejo Poveda - Latin Percussion Billy Beck - Keyboards Clarence "Satch" Satchell - Tenor Saxophone, Trumpet Jack Kramer - Trumpet Clarence Willis - Rhythm Guitar
Manassas is a train station in Manassas, Virginia. Built by the Southern Railway in 1914, today serves as the penultimate station along the Virginia Railway Express Manassas Line, as well as a stop on Amtrak's Cardinal and Northeast Regional trains, it is located at 9431 West Street. The city bought the depot from Norfolk Southern Railway in the 1990s and renovated it under the direction of The Manassas Museum System. Workers restored the original 1914 paint colors, repointed brick, laid new plaster, overhauled mechanical systems and installed reproductions of original doors and light fixtures. A tile roof similar to the original was installed; the $575,000 project was completed in 1997. Today the depot has a waiting room and houses a tourist information center and the James & Marion Payne Memorial Railroad Exhibition Gallery; the station features on the cover of Manassas' 1972 self-titled double album. The image depicts musicians Chris Hillman and Stephen Stills standing on the north end of the then-Southern Railway depot.