State Council of the People's Republic of China
The State Council, constitutionally synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954, is the chief administrative authority of the People's Republic of China. It is chaired by the premier and includes the heads of each of the cabinet-level executive departments; the council has 35 members: the premier, one executive vice premier, three other vice premiers, five state councilors, 25 additional ministers and chairs of major agencies. In the politics of the People's Republic of China, the Central People's Government forms one of three interlocking branches of power, the others being the Communist Party of China and the People's Liberation Army; the State Council directly oversees the various subordinate People's Governments in the provinces, in practice maintains membership with the top levels of the Communist Party of China. The State Council meets every six months. Between meetings it is guided by a Standing Committee; the standing committee includes the premier, one executive vice premier, three vice premiers, five other state councilors.
The vice-premiers and state councilors are nominated by the premier, appointed by the president with National People's Congress' approval. Incumbents may serve two successive five-year terms; each vice premier oversees certain areas of administration. Each State Councilor performs duties as designated by the Premier; the secretary-general heads the General Office which handles the day-to-day work of the State Council. The secretary-general has little power and should not be confused with the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China; each ministry supervises one sector. Commissions outrank ministries and set policies for and coordinate the related activities of different administrative organs. Offices deal with matters of ongoing concern. Bureaus and administrations rank below ministries. In addition to the 25 ministries, there are 38 centrally administered government organizations that report directly to the state council; the heads of these organizations attend full meetings of the state committee on an irregular basis.
The State Council is formally responsible to the NPC and its Standing Committee in conducting a wide range of government functions both at the national and at the local levels, nominally acts by virtue of the NPC's authority. There has been at least one case where the NPC has outright rejected an initiative of the State Council and a few cases where the State Council has withdrawn or modified a proposal in response to NPC opposition; the State Council and the Communist Party of China are tightly interlocked. With rare exceptions, State Councilors are high-ranking members of the CPC. Although, as Party members, they are supposed to follow Party instructions, because they tend to be senior members of the Party they have substantial influence over what those instructions are; this results in a system, unlike the Soviet practice in which the Party controlled the State. Rather, the Party and State are fused at this level of government; the members of the State Council derive their authority from being members of the state, while as members of the Party they coordinate their activities and determine key decisions such as the naming of personnel.
There were attempts to separate the party and state in the late 1980s under Zhao Ziyang and have the Party in charge of formulating policy and the State Council executing policy, but these efforts were abandoned in the early 1990s. As the chief administrative organ of government, its main functions are to formulate administrative measures, issue decisions and orders, monitor their implementation; the State Council is the functional center of state power and clearinghouse for government initiatives at all levels. With the government's emphasis on economic modernization, the State Council acquired additional importance and influence; the State Council controls the Ministry for National Defense but does not control the People's Liberation Army, instead controlled by the Central Military Commission. Secretary-General of the State Council Deputy Secretary-Generals of the State Council State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission, established in 2003 General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China State Administration of Taxation State Administration for Market Regulation National Radio and Television Administration General Administration of Sport National Bureau of Statistics China International Development Cooperation Agency National Healthcare Security Administration Counselor's Office of the State Council National Government Offices Administration the "Government Offices Administration of the State Council" National Press and Publication Administration, additional name "National Copyright Administration", a name reserved by the Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China National Religious Affairs Administration, a name reserved by the United Front Work Department of the Communist Party of China Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office of the State Council State Council Research Office Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council, a name reserved by the United Front Work Department of the Communist Party of China Taiwan Affai
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China
The National Emblem of the People's Republic of China contains in a red circle a representation of Tiananmen Gate, the entrance gate to the Forbidden City, where Mao declared the foundation of the People's Republic of China in 1949. Above this representation are the five stars found on the national flag; the largest star represents the Communist Party of China, while the four smaller stars represent the four social classes as defined in Maoism. The emblem is described as being "composed of patterns of the national flag":... The red color of the flag symbolizes revolution and the yellow color of the stars the golden brilliant rays radiating from the vast red land; the design of four smaller stars surrounding a bigger one signifies the unity of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China —China Yearbook 2004 The outer border of the red circle shows sheaves of wheat and the inner sheaves of rice, which together represent agricultural workers. At the center of the bottom portion of the border is a cog-wheel that represents industrial workers.
According to The Description of the National Emblem of the People's Republic of China, these elements taken together symbolise the revolutionary struggles of the Chinese people since the May Fourth Movement and the coalition of the proletariat which succeeded in founding the People's Republic of China. On July 10, 1949 the government held a public competition for the design of the national emblem, however no satisfactory designs were selected. Therefore, on September 27, 1949, the First Plenary Session of CPPCC decided to invite designers for the proposals of the national emblem and two groups from two universities were selected in September 1949. Three proposals were selected for the first round discussion: The designers from China Central Academy of Fine Arts, Zhang Ding, Zhang Guangyu, Zhou Lingzhao and Zhong Ling, handed out their proposals with 5 variations on September 25, 1949; the symbolism of their first design was: The red star symbolizes Communism and the Communist party of China.
The cog and wheat/rice symbolizes unification of industrial peasants. The rising earth with China in red symbolizes the socialist revolution in China and the world revolution ideal on Asian counties. 31 rays behind the earth symbolizes the 31 provincial administrative divisions at that time. The name of the People's Republic of China is written on the red ribbon below; the design was based on their design of the emblem of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, was influenced by Socialist heraldry of the Eastern Bloc. The designers from the Department of Architecture at Tsinghua University, Liang Sicheng, Lin Huiyin, Mo Zongjiang, Zhu Changzhong, Li Zongjin and Gao Zhuang, handed their proposal on October 30, 1949. According to their proposal, the design was a mixture of traditional Chinese culture and Maoist New Democratic Revolution ideals; the design imitated the style of mirrors in Han dynasty. The disc was made of a symbol of peace and unity. Decorative carvings on the disc was in Tang dynasty style.
The stars from national flag and a cog were placed in the center of the disc, surrounded by wheats, symbolizing unity of working class and socialism. The red ribbon tied a smaller jade ring; the other proposal by Zhang Ding, Zhang Guangyu, Zhou Lingzhao, was a perspective depiction of Tian'anmen gate. First round proposals of the national emblem Members of the first CPPCC committee discussed these three proposals on June 10, 1950; the result of the discussion was, the China Central Academy of Fine Arts proposal was too colorful that would be regarded as trademarks, proposal from Tsinghua University was regarded as bourgeoisie that contains many traditional symbols. The committee suggested two groups to include the Tian'anmen Gate, a symbol of Chinese revolution, the location of May Fourth Movement and foundation ceremony of the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949. Two groups worked on a second round proposals; the second proposal from Tsinghua University standardized the design of the Tian'anmen Gate on the emblem and selected red and yellow as the main colors.
Their proposal was selected and the design was standardized and simplified by Gao Zhuang. This design was made the national emblem on 20 September 1950 by the Central People's Government. Second round proposals of the national emblem National standard of China: GB 15093-2008 specifies the construction and color of the national emblem. In April 15, 1985, Taiyuan City announced its emblem, becoming the first city in the People's Republic of China to have a city emblem. Hong Kong and Macao have each its own emblem; the National People's Congress have passed the standardized use of the two special administrative regions' emblems. Twelve Symbols national emblem Flag of China March of the Volunteers Tiananmen Socialist heraldry Emblem of East Turkestan Emblem of Tibet
Wang Yi (politician)
Wang Yi is a Chinese diplomat and politician. He served as China's Vice Foreign Minister, Ambassador to Japan and Director of the Taiwan Affairs Office, he has served as the Foreign Minister since March 2013 and the State Councilor since March 2018. Wang was born in Beijing. After graduating from high school in September 1969, he was sent to Northeast China, he subsequently served in the Northeast Construction Army Corps in Heilongjiang Province for eight years. In December 1977, Wang returned to Beijing, in the same year was enrolled in the department of Asian and African Languages of Beijing International Studies University, he studied the Japanese language at the institution, graduating in February 1982 with a bachelor's degree. He's known to speak fluent Japanese. Wang's wife is the daughter of Qian Jiadong, the secretary of Zhou Enlai, he has a daughter. Upon graduation from university, Wang was sent to the Asian section of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, where he began his career as a diplomat.
In September 1989, he was served there for five years. When he returned to China in March 1994, Wang was appointed as vice section chief of the Asian section of the Ministry and was promoted to section chief the next year. From August 1997 to February 1998, Wang was a visiting scholar at the Institute of Foreign Relations of Georgetown University in the United States. Soon after his return, he was promoted to assistant minister and the director of office of policy research. From September 1999, Wang studied international relations at China Foreign Affairs University and obtained a doctor's degree. In February 2001, Wang was elevated to deputy Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in charge of Asian affairs, he was the youngest deputy Minister. In September 2004, Wang was appointed as China's Ambassador to Japan, he served in this post until September 2007. In June 2008, Wang succeeded Chen Yunlin as the director of Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council of the PRC. On 16 March 2013, Wang was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs after he was approved by the Congress.
Wang initiated a significant state visit to the Middle East in December 2013 to visit Israel and Palestine. He discussed with leaders of both countries the importance of the nuclear agreement with Iran and the importance of the continued peace talks, saying "War does not solve the problems. Violence increases the hatred; the peace talks are the appropriate and the only path." In November 2017, he expressed 3 points to improve Syria's situation. In June 2014, during the China-Arab summit in Beijing, Foreign Minister Wang met his Somali counterpart Abdirahman Duale Beyle to discuss bilateral cooperation between China and Somalia; the meeting was held at the Chinese foreign ministry center and focused on trade and reconstruction. Among the issues discussed were the various Chinese development projects that are in the process of being implemented in Somalia. Beyle indicated that the Chinese authorities are slated to broaden their support for Somalia, which would serve to create new employment opportunities.
Additionally, Wang commended the Somali federal government on its peace-building efforts. He reaffirmed the close diplomatic ties between both territories, recalling China's recognition of the nascent Somali Republic in 1960 and Somalia's subsequent campaigning which helped the lawful Chinese government resume its position on the United Nations Security Council. On the evening of April 15th, 2018, Foreign Minister Wang Yi was received by his Japanese counterpart Taro Kono, on the first such official visit of a Foreign Minister of China to Japan since November 2009. During a joint news conference in Ottawa on the 1st June 2016, with Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs Stéphane Dion, Wang responded to Canadian reporter Amanda Connolly of online news site IPolitics over a question she raised regarding human rights in China, saying "Your question was full of prejudice against China and an arrogance that comes from I don’t know where; this is unacceptable to me". Wang Yi said. In March 2018, Wang was appointed as the State Councilor.
In July 2016, Wang became an internet celebrity on the Chinese micro-blog Sina Weibo. A fan club on Weibo devoted to Wang has more than 130,000 followers. During Wang's current Foreign Ministry leadership he has achieved diplomatic recognition from Panama in 2017 as well as getting the Dominican Republic and El Salvador to switch over as well in 2018. List of foreign ministers in 2017 List of current foreign ministers Official website Appearances on C-SPAN
China the People's Republic of China, is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering 9,600,000 square kilometers, it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau. China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations, in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, beginning with the semi-legendary Xia dynasty in 21st century BCE. Since China has expanded, re-unified numerous times. In the 3rd century BCE, the Qin established the first Chinese empire; the succeeding Han dynasty, which ruled from 206 BC until 220 AD, saw some of the most advanced technology at that time, including papermaking and the compass, along with agricultural and medical improvements.
The invention of gunpowder and movable type in the Tang dynasty and Northern Song completed the Four Great Inventions. Tang culture spread in Asia, as the new Silk Route brought traders to as far as Mesopotamia and Horn of Africa. Dynastic rule ended in 1912 with the Xinhai Revolution; the Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949, when the Communist Party of China established the People's Republic of China, a unitary one-party sovereign state on Mainland China, while the Kuomintang-led government retreated to the island of Taiwan. The political status of Taiwan remains disputed. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China's economy has been one of the world's fastest-growing with annual growth rates above 6 percent. According to the World Bank, China's GDP grew from $150 billion in 1978 to $12.24 trillion by 2017. Since 2010, China has been the world's second-largest economy by nominal GDP and since 2014, the largest economy in the world by purchasing power parity.
China is the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army and second-largest defense budget; the PRC is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council as it replaced the ROC in 1971, as well as an active global partner of ASEAN Plus mechanism. China is a leading member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, WTO, APEC, BRICS, the BCIM, the G20. In recent times, scholars have argued that it will soon be a world superpower, rivaling the United States; the word "China" has been used in English since the 16th century. It is not a word used by the Chinese themselves, it has been traced through Portuguese and Persian back to the Sanskrit word Cīna, used in ancient India."China" appears in Richard Eden's 1555 translation of the 1516 journal of the Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa. Barbosa's usage was derived from Persian Chīn, in turn derived from Sanskrit Cīna.
Cīna was first used including the Mahābhārata and the Laws of Manu. In 1655, Martino Martini suggested that the word China is derived from the name of the Qin dynasty. Although this derivation is still given in various sources, it is complicated by the fact that the Sanskrit word appears in pre-Qin literature; the word may have referred to a state such as Yelang. The meaning transferred to China as a whole; the origin of the Sanskrit word is still a matter of debate, according to the Oxford English Dictionary. The official name of the modern state is the "People's Republic of China"; the shorter form is "China" Zhōngguó, from zhōng and guó, a term which developed under the Western Zhou dynasty in reference to its royal demesne. It was applied to the area around Luoyi during the Eastern Zhou and to China's Central Plain before being used as an occasional synonym for the state under the Qing, it was used as a cultural concept to distinguish the Huaxia people from perceived "barbarians". The name Zhongguo is translated as "Middle Kingdom" in English.
Archaeological evidence suggests that early hominids inhabited China between 2.24 million and 250,000 years ago. The hominid fossils of Peking Man, a Homo erectus who used fire, were discovered in a cave at Zhoukoudian near Beijing; the fossilized teeth of Homo sapiens have been discovered in Fuyan Cave in Hunan. Chinese proto-writing existed in Jiahu around 7000 BCE, Damaidi around 6000 BCE, Dadiwan from 5800–5400 BCE, Banpo dating from the 5th millennium BCE; some scholars have suggested. According to Chinese tradition, the first dynasty was the Xia, which emerged around 2100 BCE; the dynasty was considered mythical by historians until scientific excavations found early Bronze Age sites at Erlitou, Henan in 1959. It remains unclear whether these sites are the remains of the Xia dynasty or of another culture from the same period; the succeeding Shang dynasty is the earliest to be confirmed by contemporary records. The Shang ruled the plain of the Yellow River in eastern China from the 17th to the 11th century BCE.
Their oracle bone script
History of the Communist Party of China
This article details the history of the Communist Party of China. Marxist ideas started to spread in China after the 1919 May Fourth Movement. In June 1920, Comintern agent Grigori Voitinsky was sent to China, where he met Li Dazhao and other reformers. While in China, Voitinsky financed the founding of the Socialist Youth Corps; the Communist Party of China was founded by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao in the French concession of Shanghai in 1921 as a study society and an informal network. Informal meetings were held in China in 1920 as well as overseas; the official beginning of the Communist Party of China began with the 1st Congress held in Shanghai and Jiaxing in July 1921. The congress was composed of 13 men; the birth of the party was declared. The formal and unified name Zhōngguó the final agenda was carried out; the key delegates in the congress were Li Dazhao, Chen Duxiu, Chen Gongbo, Tan Pingshan, Zhang Guotao, He Mengxiong, Lou Zhanglong and Deng Zhongxia. Mao Zedong was present at the first congress as one of two delegates from a Hunan communist group.
Other attendees included Dong Biwu, Li Hanjun, Li Da, Chen Tanqiu, Liu Renjing, Zhou Fohai, He Shuheng, Deng Enming. Two representatives from the Comintern were present, one of them being Henk Sneevliet. Notably absent at this early point were future leaders Li Lisan and Qu Qiubai. In August 1922, Sneevliet called a surprise special plenum of the central committee. During the meeting Sneevliet proposed that party members join the Kuomintang on the grounds that it was easier to transform the Nationalist Party from the inside than to duplicate its success. Li Dazhao, Cai Heshen and Gao Yuhan opposed the motion, whereupon Sneevliet invoked the authority of the Comintern and forced the CPC to accept his decision. Under the guidance of the Comintern, the party was reorganized along Leninist lines in 1923, in preparation for the Northern Expedition; the nascent party was not held in high regard. Karl Radek, one of the five founding leaders of the Comintern, said in November 1922 that the CPC did not enjoy a high reputation in Moscow.
Moreover, the CPC was divided into two camps, one led by Deng Zhongxia and Li Dazhao on the more moderate "bourgeois, national revolution" model and the other by Zhang Guotao, Lou Zhanglong, He Mengxiong and Chen Duxiu on the anti-imperialism side. Mikhail Markovich Borodin negotiated with Sun Yat-sen and Wang Jingwei the 1923 KMT reorganization and the CPC's incorporation into the newly expanded party. Borodin and General Vasilii Blyukher worked with Chiang Kai-shek to found the Whampoa Military Academy; the CPC's reliance on the leadership of the Comintern provided a strong indication of the First United Front's fragility. The death of Sun Yat-sen in 1925 created great uncertainty regarding who would lead the party, whether they would still work with the Communists. Despite the tensions, the Northern Expedition led by the Kuomintang, with participation of the CPC made quick gains in overthrowing the warlord government. In 1927, as the Northern Expedition approached Shanghai, the Kuomintang leadership split.
The left-wing of the Kuomintang, based in Wuhan, kept the alliance with the Communists, while Chiang Kai-shek in Nanjing grew hostile to them and launched a campaign against them. This happened after the capture of Shanghai, which occurred with the Communists and Kuomintang still in alliance. André Malraux's novel, Man's Fate, is based on these events; the anti-communist drive became general. As Chiang Kai-shek consolidated his power, various revolts continued, Communist armed forces created a number of'Soviet Areas'; the largest of these was led by Zhu De and Mao Zedong, who established Soviet Republic of China in some remote areas within China through peasant riots. A number of KMT military campaigns failed, but in the meantime the party leadership were driven out of Shanghai and moved to Mao's base, sidelining him. Chiang Kai-shek launched a further campaign; the CPC started the Long March to search for a new base. During the Long March, the party leadership re-examined its policy and blamed their failure on the CPC military leader Otto Braun, a German sent by Comintern.
During the Long March, the native Communists, such as Mao Zedong and Zhu De gained power. The Comintern and Soviet Union. Lost control over the CPC, they settled in Shaanxi. The Western world first got a clear view of the main base of the Communist Party of China through Edgar Snow's Red Star Over China. Snow was the first person to present Mao as the main leader - he was seen as just a guerilla leader and as second to Zhu De. During the Second Sino-Japanese war, the CPC and KMT were temporarily in alliance to fight their common enemy; the Communist government moved from Bao'an to Yan'an in December 1936. The Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army became army groups belonging to the national army, the Soviet Republic of China changed its name as a special Shaan-Gan-Ning administration region; however the army and the region controlled by CPC remained independent from the KMT's government. In eight years, the CPC membership increased from 40,000 to 1,200,000 and its military forces - from 30,000 to one million in addition to more than one million militia support groups.
It is a well accepted i
Li Keqiang is a Chinese politician, the current Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China. An economist by trade, Li is China's head of government as well as one of the leading figures behind China's Financial and Economic Affairs, Foreign Affairs, National Security and Deepening Reforms, he is the second-ranked member of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, the de facto top decision-making body of the country. Li is a major part of the "fifth generation of Chinese leadership" along with General secretary Xi Jinping. Li was named the World's 12th Most Powerful Person by the Forbes list of The World's Most Powerful People in 2015 and 2016. Li rose through the ranks through his involvement in the Communist Youth League. From 1998 to 2004, Li served as the province's party secretary. From 2004 to 2007 he served as the Party Secretary of Liaoning, the top political office in the province. From 2008 to 2013, Li served as the first-ranked Vice-Premier under then-Premier Wen Jiabao, overseeing a broad portfolio which included economic development, price controls, climate change, macroeconomic management.
Given his Youth League experience, Li has been considered a political ally of former leader Hu Jintao. Li assumed the post of Premier in 2013, has facilitated the Chinese government's shifting of priorities from export-led growth to a greater focus on internal consumption. Li has been a major force behind the implementation of the "comprehensively deepening reforms" announced in the fall of 2013. Made in China 2025 is a strategic plan issued by Li and his cabinet in May 2015. Li Keqiang was born on 1 July 1955 in Anhui province, his father was a local official in Anhui. Li graduated from Hefei No.8 Senior High School in 1974, during the Cultural Revolution, was sent for rural labour in Fengyang County, where he joined the Communist Party of China and made his way in becoming the party head of the local production team. He was awarded the honour of Outstanding Individual in the Study of Mao Zedong Thought during this time. Li refused his father's offer of grooming him for the local county's party leadership and entered the School of Law at Peking University, where he received his LLB and became the president of the university's student council.
He earned a Doctor of Philosophy in economics in 1995, the prominent economist Li Yining was his doctoral advisor. His doctoral dissertation was awarded China's highest prize in economics. In 1982, Li became the Communist Youth League secretary at Peking University, he entered the top leadership of the national organization of the Communist Youth League in 1983 as a member of its secretariat, has worked with former Party General Secretary Hu Jintao, who rose through the ranks of the CYL since. Li became the organization's First Secretary in 1993 and served until 1998, he is a representative member of the first generation to have risen from the CYL leadership. Li became the youngest Chinese provincial governor in June 1998 when he was appointed governor of Henan at the age of 43. According to provincial officials working with him at the time, Li refused to participate in any banquets or large fancy events not related to government activities. During his time as governor, a public sense of his "bad luck" grew due to the occurrence of three major fires in the province.
Li is known to be outspoken and led economic development in Henan, transforming the poor inland region into an attractive area for investment. Li did not spend time pursuing superficial projects, he trekked through all regions of the province trying to search for a comprehensive solution to its growing problems. Henan jumped in national GDP rankings from 28th in the early 1990s to 18th in 2004, when Li left Henan. However, his government was ineffective at curbing the HIV/AIDS epidemic, affecting the rural areas of the province. Li was transferred to work as the Party Secretary in Liaoning in December 2004, taking on the top political office of the province. There he is known for the "Five-points to one Line" project, where he linked up Dalian and Dandong, as well as a series of other ports into a comprehensive network to improve trade flow. With his Youth League experience and his association with paramount leader Hu Jintao, Li was seen from early on in Hu's term as a contender to succeed Hu when his term as party leader ends in 2012.
Li gained membership to the Politburo Standing Committee at 17th Party Congress held in October 2007. He was succeeded in his provincial party chief post by Governor Zhang Wenyue. While Li's political future seemed promising, he was outranked on the Standing Committee by Xi Jinping, who had just left his role as party chief of Shanghai to join the central leadership ranks in Beijing; this rank order ostensibly signaled that it would be Xi, not Li, who would succeed Hu as party General Secretary and President. At the 2008 National People's Congress, Li was elected Vice-Premier, first in rank, reinforcing the speculation that Li would become Premier and was being groomed to succeed then-Premier Wen Jiabao. During his first term in the PSC between 2007 and 2012, Li took on the most important portfolios in the Chinese government, including economic development, government budgets and resources, the environment, health, ostensibly to prepare him for his upcoming premiership, he became the head of central commissions overseeing the Three Gorges Dam and the South-North Water Transfer Project, as well as the leader of steering committees in charge of health care reform, food safety, AIDS-related work.
In addition, Li was the principal lieute
Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China
The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China and one of the country's most important cabinet posts. The Minister is a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. According to the Constitution of the People's Republic of China, the Minister is nominated by the Premier and confirmed by the National People's Congress or its Standing Committee. Official English website of the PRC Ministry of Foreign Affairs