Jorge Triaca Jr.
Jorge Alberto Triaca Jr. is an Argentine economist. Appointed by Mauricio Macri, he is the current Minister of Labour and Social Security of Argentina since 10 December 2015. Jorge Triaca Jr. was born in Buenos Aires on March 30, 1974. He is the son of union and political leader Jorge Alberto Triaca, Sr.. He graduated from the University of Saint Andrés with a degree in economic sciences in 1996, subsequently obtained a master's degree in Public Policy from University Torcuato di Tella, with his thesis on the process of market regulation. Triaca began his career as a consultant working on economic and labor projects such as BID ARG 826/OC-AR "Reform of the Public administration", answering to the Ministry of Economy and Works and Public Services, Project PNUD 94/001 "Reform of the Productive Sector" for the National Ministry of Work and Social Security, he was involved with development programs for the United Nations and the Inter-American Bank of Development, with themes of work and disability.
He is an activist of integration and equal opportunity employment. From 1998 through 2000, he coordinated the UNDP project ARG 98/033 " Occupational Program Support for People with Disabilities" created by the Department of Employment and Training of the National Ministry of Labour and Social Security. Between 2002 and 2003 Triaca joined the Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Nation in the Office of the Undersecretary of Coordination and Budgetary Assessments in the Credit Coordination with International Organizations. Triaca directed the Odysseus Foundation's Area Youth Project between 2003 and 2004. In addition, he was from 2005 to 2009 CEO of the Thinking Foundation, dedicated to the analysis and formulation of public policies to develop long-term national plans. Trica has been within the political sphere of Mauricio Macri since 2003. In 2009 he was elected national deputy for the City of Buenos Aires by the PRO, retaining his seat in 2013 elections, he has worked in the national assembly of the Party, contributing to the candidacy of Miguel del Sel in the province of Santa Fe.
Because of his familial ties, he has served as a channel of regular dialogue between the PRO and employers and trade unionists. In his capacity as a national deputy, Triaca has authored numerous bills related to the economy and security. Mauricio Macri has designated Triaca as Minister of Work, within the cabinet of his government that began on 10 December 2015. In January 2018 an audio was leaked where Triaca insults an employee of his; the woman was fired without notice, without receiving compensation and insults through WhatsApp. In addition, she worked as a Delegate of the Intervention in the SOMU union, placed there by Triaca; the minister admitted the facts in his Twitter account
National Congress of Argentina
The Congress of the Argentine Nation is the legislative branch of the government of Argentina. Its composition is bicameral, constituted by a 72-seat Senate and a 257-seat Chamber of Deputies; the Congressional Palace is located at the western end of Avenida de Mayo. The Kilometre Zero for all Argentine National Highways is marked on a milestone at the Congressional Plaza, next to the building; the Argentine National Congress is the Chamber of Deputies. The ordinary sessions span is from March 1 to November 30. Senators and deputies enjoy parliamentary immunity during their mandates, which may be revoked by their peers if a senator or deputy is caught in flagrante, in the midst of committing a crime; the Congress is in charge of setting customs, which must be uniform across the country. It rules the Central Bank of Argentina, manages internal and external debt payment, the value of national currency, it rules the legal codes on Civil, Penal, Minery and Social Welfare affairs, all of which cannot be in contradiction with the respective provincial codes.
Any changes on national or provincial limits, or the creation of new provinces, ought to be allowed by the Congress. The Congress is entitled to approve or reject every international treaty that Argentina signs with other states or international organizations; when approved, the treaties acquire priority over ordinary legislation. Declarations of war and the signing of peace, as well as the mobilization of the national troops, within or outside of the Argentine territory must be allowed by the Congress. From 1976 to 1983, the Congressional Palace of Argentina housed the CAL, a group of officers from the three Armed Forces. Commissioned to review and discuss laws before they were issued by the Executive Branch, they served a succession of de facto military presidents during the National Reorganization Process. In practice, this became a mechanism to detect and discuss the differences between the three commanders-in-chief of the Army and Air Force regarding a specific project; the CAL was established by the Acta del Proceso de Reorganización Nacional, the guiding document for the military government established after the coup d'état of March 24, 1976.
Following a 1994 reform of the Constitution, the Senate was expanded from 48 members to 72 members, whereby the party garnering second place in elections for Senator would be assured the third seat for the corresponding province. Opening of regular sessions of the National Congress of Argentina Argentine National Congress Palace List of current Argentine Senators List of current Argentine Deputies Politics of Argentina List of legislatures by country "National Constitution of Argentina". Constitution of Argentina. Archived from the original on 2004-06-17; the official website of Congress Satellite picture by Google Maps
Carlos Alfonso Tomada is an Argentine Peronist politician who served as the Minister of Labor and Social Security. Tomada was appointed by former President Néstor Kirchner, reappointed by President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. Tomada was born in the Palermo neighborhood of Buenos Aires to a family with a history of involvement in politics: his mother, a teacher, was a Socialist and daughter of a Socialist member of the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, his father was a Peronist lawyer, he played rugby for the Gimnasia y Esgrima de Buenos Aires club, at the Colegio Nacional de Buenos Aires. He enrolled at the University of Buenos Aires, was active in the Peronist Youth, earned a law degree in 1973, he and his wife, married in 1971 and had two sons. As a lawyer and trade unionist he has been involved in issues of employment and labor rights, he served as consultant to the International Labour Organization, the United Nations Development Programme, the Friedrich Ebert Foundation from 1986 onward, from 1987 to 1989, served was National Director of Labor Relations.
Tomada was named Professor of Labor Relations at his alma mater in 1988, served as Department Dean, taught at the National University of La Matanza. Retaining his teaching post, he served a labor law advisor to the CGT, the nation's largest trade union, from 1989 to 1992, he acted as a labor dispute mediator in subsequent years, in 1997, was invited to the First World Summit of Labor Mediation. President Eduardo Duhalde appointed Tomada Secretary of Labor in 2002, he was a founding member of the Calafate Group, a think tank organized with Governor Néstor Kirchner in 1998, on May 25, 2003, he was sworn into the Cabinet in his current post as Minister of Labor and Social Security by the newly elected President Kirchner. Tomada headed the Front for Victory party list in 2007 for the election of National Deputies representing the city of Buenos Aires, he was elected in October 2007. Serving both Kirchner administrations in this capacity, he became the longest-serving cabinet member since the advent of Kirchnerism in 2003.
His tenure was highlighted by the August 2004 establishment of the National Council on Employment and Minimum Wages, which he presides and which periodically sets minimum wages and other labor guidelines. High inflation further underscored the importance of the council, which took part in numerous collective bargaining talks between management and organized labor. Tomada served as President of the ILO Administrative Council in 2005 and 2006, remained active in the ILO afterward, he announced his candidacy for Mayor of Buenos Aires in 2011 as a FpV candidate. Tomada instead became the running mate to FpV nominee Daniel Filmus, their ticket was defeated in a July runoff election by incumbent Mayor Mauricio Macri. Labor and Social Security Ministry 2011 Campaign website
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship is the Argentine government ministry which oversees the foreign relations of Argentina. The Ministry's Department of Worship has several directorates; the Registry Directorate maintains the National Register of Religions, which compiles the mandatory registrations of all churches and religious communities, other than those of the Catholic Church. The Directorate General for Catholic Worship, is the main liaison for the government of Argentina with the Catholic Church, by far the largest religious body in Argentina, it maintains relations with the archbishops, the bishop's conference and with the various monastic orders. The department awards individuals and organizations that, through their work, have encouraged rich ecumenical and interreligious dialogue. Foreign relations of Argentina List of Foreign Ministers of Argentina Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship
Ministry of Defense (Argentina)
The Ministry of Defense of Argentina is a ministry of the national executive power that deals with everything related to the country's national defense. It works at the Libertador Building, at Paseo Colón 250, Buenos Aires; as of July 2017 the minister of Defense is Oscar Aguad. Traditionally the minister of Defense, as the Joint chiefs of Staff which traces back its origin to 1948 had a minor role in all armed forces activities, relegating key decisions to the respectives chiefs of staff. A major change came into effect on 12 June 2006 when President Néstor Kirchner brought into effect the Defense Law, passed in 1988 as a means to modernize the doctrine of the armed forces and define their role, although successive governments had failed to put it into effect; the law states that the armed forces will only be used against foreign aggression, reduces the powers of the heads of the armed services, centralizing whole operational and acquisitions decisions under the authority of the minister of Defense through the Armed Forces Joint General Staff emphasizing Jointness Estado Mayor Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas: Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces Secretaría de Estrategia y Asuntos Militares: Strategy and Military Affairs Secretary Secretaría de Planeamiento: Planning Secretary Secretaría de Asuntos Internacionales de la Defensa: Defense Foreign Affairs Secretary Dirección Nacional de Inteligencia Estratégica Militar: National Directory for Military Intelligence Dirección Nacional de Derechos Humanos y el Derecho Internacional Humanitario: National Directory for Human Rights CITEDEF Industrial Complex: The 2014 military budget is US$10.000.000.000.
Argentine defense industry Argentine Armed Forces Defence diplomacy Official website Joint chiefs off Staff
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
Cristina Elisabet Fernández de Kirchner, sometimes referred to by her initials CFK, is an Argentine lawyer and politician, who served as President of Argentina from 2007 to 2015. She was the second woman to serve as President of Argentina, the first directly elected female president, the first woman re-elected to the office. Ideologically a Peronist and social democrat, she was a member of the Justicialist Party, with her political approach being characterised as Kirchnerism. Born in La Plata, Buenos Aires Province, she studied law at the University of La Plata, moved to Patagonia with her husband Néstor Kirchner upon graduation, she was elected to the provincial legislature. She was elected national senator in 1995, had a controversial tenure, while her husband was elected governor of Santa Cruz Province. In 1994, she was elected to the constituent assembly that amended the Constitution of Argentina, she was the First Lady from 2003 to 2007. Néstor Kirchner did not run for reelection. Instead, Cristina Kirchner was the candidate for the Front for Victory party, becoming president in the 2007 presidential election.
Her first term of office started with a conflict with the agricultural sector, her proposed taxation system was rejected. After this she nationalized private pension funds, fired the president of the Central Bank; the price of public services remained subsidised, the country lost its self-supply of energy, she renationalized energy firm YPF as a result. Her government implemented measures such as the application of universal allocation per child, the re-nationalization of pension funds, the Conectar Igualdad program, the increase in the budget for science and research, a new media law and the broadening of LGBT rights, including same-sex marriage and the Gender Identity Law. According to the World Bank, the middle class doubled in Argentina during her term, she carried out policies in pursuit of human rights, such as the trials of military personnel involved in the Dirty War. There have been more than 500 people sentenced, 1,000 convicted, in a process, unprecedented in Latin America. Several corruption scandals took place and she faced several demonstrations against her rule.
She was charged for low price sales of dollar futures and was indicted for obstructing the investigation into the 1994 AMIA Bombing. In 2018, she was indicted for corruption on charges alleging that her administration had accepted bribes in exchange for public works contracts, she is a Senator for Buenos Aires Province. Cristina Fernández was born on 19 February 1953 at Tolosa, a suburb of La Plata, capital of the Buenos Aires Province, she is the daughter of Ofelia Esther Wilhelm. Eduardo Fernández, a bus driver, was anti-Peronist and Wilhelm was a Peronist union leader. Wilhelm was a single mother. Fernández moved into her house when Cristina was two years old. Most details about her childhood such as her elementary school are unknown, she attended high school at Popular Misericordia schools. She began her college studies at the University of La Plata, she studied psychology for a year dropped it and studied law instead. She met fellow student Néstor Kirchner in 1973, he introduced her to political debates.
There were heated political controversies at the time caused by the decline of the Argentine Revolution military government, the return of the former president Juan Perón from exile, the election of Héctor Cámpora as president of Argentina, the early stages of the Dirty War. She became influenced by Peronism, left-wing politics, anti-imperialism. Despite the presence of sympathizers of the Montoneros guerrillas in La Plata, the Kirchners had never been involved themselves. Cristina and Néstor married in a civil ceremony on 9 May 1975, her mother got them administrative jobs at her union. The 1976 Argentine coup d'état took place the following year. Cristina proposed to move to Río Gallegos, Néstor's home city, but he delayed their departure until his graduation on 3 July 1976. Cristina had not yet graduated when they moved to Río Gallegos and completed the remaining subjects with distance education. There have been claims made that she never graduated, that she may have worked as a lawyer without having a degree.
This idea was proposed by the constitutionalist Daniel Sabsay, fueled by the reluctance of the National University of La Plata to release her degree. She registered at the Tribunal Superior de Justicia of Santa Cruz in 1980, the Comodoro Rivadavia's chamber of appeals in 1985 and worked as an attorney for the Justicialist Party in 1983. There are logs of minor cases where she acted as a lawyer; the claim has been sent to trial four times, the judges Norberto Oyarbide, Ariel Lijo, Sergio Torres, Claudio Bonadio all ruled that she has a degree. Néstor established a law firm that Cristina joined in 1979; the firm worked for banks and financial groups that filed eviction lawsuits, which had a growing rate at the time because the 1050 ruling of the Central Bank had increased the interest rates for mortgage loans. The Kirchners acquired twenty-one land lots at cheap prices, their law firm defended military personnel accused of committing crimes during the Dirty War. Forced disappearances were common at the time, but unlike other lawyers the Kirchners never signed a habeas corpus.
Julio César Strassera, prosecutor in the 1985 Trial of the Juntas against the military, criticized the Kirchners' lack of legal actions against the military, considered their interest in the issue a form of hypocrisy. Cristina Kirchner wa
Ministry of the Treasury (Argentina)
The Ministry of the Treasury of the Argentine Nation is a ministry and the treasury of the Argentine federal government. The current Minister of the Treasury is Nicolás Dujovne; the Argentine Ministry of the Treasury has, since the building's 1939 inaugural, been based in a 14-story Rationalist office building designed by local architect Carlos Pibernat. The Economy Ministry building was built on a 0.57 ha Montserrat neighborhood lot facing the Casa Rosada presidential office building to the north, the Defense Ministry to the east – a government building designed by Pibernat. The building's lobby was decorated with murals painted by the architect's brother, Antonio Pibernat, a post-impressionist painter influenced by the naturalist Barbizon School; the post has existed on a formal basis since the 1826 inaugural of Bernardino Rivadavia, who named lawmaker Salvador María del Carril as the nation's first official Ministro de Hacienda. The office became among the most powerful in Argentine Government during the generation after 1880, when English Argentine investment, foreign trade, immigration spurred development.
Customs collections and the Central Bank were among the responsibilities placed under the Economy Ministry's aegis, successive ministers' policies were enacted through presidential decrees. Its influence grew further when it absorbed the cabinet post of Minister of Public Works in 1991, to help facilitate Economy Minister Domingo Cavallo's privatizations initiative, and, in turn, divested oversight over the nation's goods-producing sectors with the 2008 designation of the Production Ministry by President Cristina Kirchner, in a bid to improve strained relations with the country's agrarian sector following the 2008 Argentine government conflict with the agricultural sector over export tariffs; the Ministry of the Treasury was appropriated a US$1.7 billion operational budget in 2009, employed over 4,000 staffers. Argentina Economy of Argentina Ministry of Economy - Official ministry portal Argentina.gov.ar - Official national portal Gobierno Electrónico - Official government website Presidencia de la Nación - Official presidential website