Metropolitan Stadium was a sports stadium that once stood in Bloomington, just outside Minneapolis. The Minneapolis Millers minor league baseball team played at Met Stadium from 1956 to 1960; the Minnesota Twins and the Minnesota Vikings played at the "Met" from 1961 to 1981. The North American Soccer League soccer team Minnesota Kicks played there from 1976 to 1981; the area where the stadium once stood is now the site of the Mall of America. Beginning in 1953, inspired by the Boston Braves' move to Milwaukee, Gerald Moore, the president of the Minneapolis Chamber of Commerce, led the drive to lure a Major League team to Minnesota by constructing a modern stadium built to Major League specifications. After the rejection of numerous sites, a stadium committee appointed by Moore approved a 160-acre plot of farmland in Bloomington; the stadium would replace Nicollet Park as the home of the American Association's Minneapolis Millers. The site was equidistant from the downtowns of Minneapolis and St. Paul, it was believed this would be the best location for a prospective Major League team.
After a plan by architects Thorshov & Cerny won approval, groundbreaking was scheduled to begin on June 20, 1955. The construction was delayed, when the owners of the property on which the stadium would be built on began a protest, claiming they had not yet been paid. One of these owners created a barricade of farm equipment along his property line that ran directly through where the stadium's infield would be; the dispute was settled in time for the groundbreaking to move forward as planned. Many spectators and dignitaries attended the groundbreaking, including Minneapolis mayor Eric G. Hoyer and several members of the Minneapolis Millers. On February 7, 1956, an accident occurred on the construction site when a portable heater used to cure concrete exploded in the stadium's basement. After $50,000 of repairs and a three-week delay in construction, Metropolitan Stadium opened in time to hold its first game, a minor league contest between the Millers and the Wichita Braves on April 24 of that year.
In the 1950s, major league owners Calvin Griffith and Horace Stoneham called the stadium the finest facility in the minors. Under major league rules of the time, the Giants owned the major league rights to the Minneapolis area. Negotiations were held with Griffith's Washington Senators, as well as the Cincinnati Reds, Cleveland Indians, Philadelphia Athletics. However, the Giants chose to follow the Brooklyn Dodgers to the west coast at the urging of Dodgers owner Walter O'Malley, who owned the Millers' crosstown rivals, the St. Paul Saints. San Francisco had long been home to the Pacific Coast League's San Francisco Seals, the top farm team of the Boston Red Sox; as part of the deal, the Millers' parent team became the Red Sox, who had no plans to move anywhere in the foreseeable future. Multiple exhibition games featuring Major League teams were held at the Met at this time; the latter game brought 15,990 fans to the stadium, including Calvin Griffith, who described the stadium as "terrific."
In October 1960, Calvin Griffith announced that his Washington Senators would move to Metropolitan Stadium and became the Minnesota Twins. The Twins played their first home game on April 1961 with a loss to the new Washington Senators; the Millers and their perennial crosstown rival St. Paul Saints were promptly folded by Major League Baseball. To ready the stadium for the Twins, a $9 million renovation increased the seating capacity from about 22,000 to over 30,000 by the completion of the Twins' inaugural season. During the Twins' first 10 seasons at the Met, they outdrew the average American League team each year; the National Football League was interested in placing a team at the Met. Conversations were had with Violet Bidwill Wolfner, owner of the Chicago Cardinals, about moving her team to the stadium; the Cardinals moved two of their regular season home games against the Philadelphia Eagles and New York Giants to Bloomington for the 1959 NFL season. A preseason football game was held each year at the Met from 1956 to 1960.
September 15, 1956 Pittsburgh Steelers 14 Philadelphia Eagles 12 September 21, 1957 Green Bay Packers 10 Pittsburgh 10 September 21, 1958 Chicago Cardinals 31 Green Bay 24 September 20, 1959 Green Bay 13 Pittsburgh 10 September 11, 1960 Green Bay 28 Dallas Cowboys 23 Finally, the Met got a football team when the American Football League announced Minneapolis- St. Paul as one of its charter cities for the 1960 AFL season. However, the NFL persuaded the team's owners to pull out of the AFL in January 1960 and join the NFL as an expansion team in 1961; the NFL team was named the Minnesota Vikings. As it turned out, the year's delay worked to the Vikings' benefit, as by the Twins had moved in and the Met had been expanded to befit its status as a big-league stadium. (The Chicago Cardin
Cunnilingus is an oral sex act performed by a person on the female genitalia. The clitoris is the most sexually sensitive part of the human female genitalia, its stimulation may result in female sexual arousal or orgasm. Cunnilingus can be sexually arousing for participants and may be performed by a sexual partner as foreplay to incite sexual arousal before other sexual activities or as an erotic and physically intimate act on its own. Like most forms of sexual activity, oral sex can be a risk for contracting sexually transmitted infections. However, the transmission risk for oral sex HIV transmission, is lower than for vaginal or anal sex. Oral sex is regarded as taboo, but most countries do not have laws which ban the practice. Heterosexual couples do not regard cunnilingus as affecting the virginity of either partner, while lesbian couples do regard it as a form of virginity loss. People may have negative feelings or sexual inhibitions about giving or receiving cunnilingus or may refuse to engage in it.
The term cunnilingus is derived from the Latin words for the vulva and the verb "to lick". There are numerous slang terms for cunnilingus, including drinking from the furry cup, carpet munching, muff-diving. Additional common slang terms used are giving lip service, or tipping the velvet, it is popularly known in the urban community as dining at the Y or DATY. A person who performs cunnilingus may be referred to as a cunnilinguist. General statistics indicate that 70-80% of women require direct clitoral stimulation to achieve orgasm. Shere Hite's research on human female sexuality reports that, for most women, orgasm is achieved by cunnilingus because of the direct clitoral stimulation that may be involved during the act. A person who performs cunnilingus on someone might be referred to as the giving partner, the other person as the receiving partner. During the activity, the receiving female's partner may use fingers to open the labia majora to enable the tongue to better stimulate the clitoris, or the female may separate the labia for her partner.
Separating the legs wide would usually open the vulva sufficiently for the partner to orally reach the clitoris. Some sex manuals recommend beginning with a gentler, less focused stimulation of the labia and the whole genital area; the tip, blade, or underside of the tongue may be used, so might the nose, chin and lips. Movements can be slow or fast, regular or erratic, firm or soft, according to the participants' preferences; the tongue can be inserted into the vagina, either moving. The performing partner may hum to produce vibration. Cunnilingus may be accompanied by the use of a sex toy. Women may consider personal hygiene before practicing oral sex important, as poor hygiene can lead to bad odors, accumulation of sweat and micro-residue, which the giving partner may find unpleasant; some women trim pubic hair, which may enhance their oral sex experience. Autocunnilingus, cunnilingus performed by a female on herself, may be possible, but an unusually high degree of flexibility is required, which may be possessed only by contortionists.
Any position which offers a sex partner oral access to a female's crotch area is suitable for cunnilingus, including: Doggy style: the female crouches on all fours, while her partner performs oral sex from behind or from below. Face-sitting: the female sits on or above the partner's face. In this position she has more control over her body movements and can guide her partner or auto-stimulate against the partner's face. Missionary: the female lies on her back, with her legs spread, pulled up to her chest, on her partner or raised; the female can lie on any surface, such as a table, etc. Mutual stimulation: such as in the 69 position. Sitting: the female sits on a chair or uses some other support. Spreadeagle: similar to the missionary position except that the arms and legs are spread wide, that physical restraints may be used. Standing: the female stands while her partner is either sitting or on the knees. However, in this position the clitoris is more difficult to stimulate orally; the female may hold onto furniture for support.
Chlamydia, human papillomavirus, herpes and other sexually transmitted infections, can be transmitted through oral sex. Any sexual exchange of bodily fluids with a person infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, poses a risk of infection. Risk of STI infection, however, is considered lower for oral sex than for vaginal or anal sex, with HIV transmission considered the lowest risk with regard to oral sex. Furthermore, the documented risk of HIV transmission through cunnilingus is lower than that associated with fellatio, vaginal or anal intercourse. There is an increased risk of STI if the receiving partner has wounds on her genitals, or if the giving partner has wounds or open sores on or in his or her mouth, or bleeding gums. Brushing the teeth, flossing, or undergoing dental work soon before or after performing cunnilingus can increase the risk of transmission, because all of these activities can cause small scratches in the lining of the mouth; these wounds when they are microscopic, increas
Daunte Rachard Culpepper is a former American football quarterback who played in the National Football League for 11 seasons with the Minnesota Vikings. He played college football at the University of Central Florida and was drafted 11th overall by the Vikings in the 1999 NFL Draft. A three-time Pro Bowl selection during his seven seasons with the Vikings, Culpepper's most successful season came in 2004 in which he set a then-single season record for the most total yardage produced by a quarterback in NFL history at 5,123. However, Culpepper suffered a serious knee injury the following season that ended his Vikings career. After his injury, he played sparingly in the NFL for the Miami Dolphins, Oakland Raiders, Detroit Lions, his professional career concluded after one season with the Sacramento Mountain Lions of the United Football League. Culpepper was born to a single mother, Barbara Henderson, the sister of former NFL linebacker Thomas "Hollywood" Henderson. While his mother was pregnant with him, she was serving time for armed robbery.
Culpepper was adopted when he was a day old and raised as one of more than 15 children of the late Emma Lewis Culpepper, who worked in the correctional facility where his mother was held. They lived in Ocala, where Culpepper attended Vanguard High School, he played football, coached by Alex Castaneda, one of five finalists for the 2000 NFL High School Football Coach of the Year Award, as well as basketball and baseball. After his senior season in 1994, he was named Mr. Football in the state of Florida. In 2007, Culpepper was named to the FHSAA's All-Century Team that listed the top 33 football players in the state of Florida's 100-year history of high school football. Near the end of his high school team's state basketball championship game, the referee called traveling on Culpepper when he was driving for the game-winning lay-up. Since Culpepper has celebrated his football touchdowns by moving his hands in the motion that a basketball referee makes when calling traveling known as "the roll".
Culpepper was drafted in the 26th round by the New York Yankees in the 1995 Major League Baseball Draft but did not sign and chose to attend college. He struggled to get into college, because of low SAT scores. Marquee football schools, such as the University of Miami and University of Florida, backed off from recruiting him when it was assumed he would not qualify; the University of Central Florida, offered to tutor him and help him achieve the necessary scores, he was able to qualify. Although the big college programs returned to recruit him, as a show of loyalty, Culpepper enrolled at UCF. Although he had a love for baseball, Culpepper committed to play football at UCF as a quarterback, he rewrote all of the school's quarterback records 30 in all, many held by Darin Slack since 1987. He set an NCAA record for single-season completion percentage at 73.6%, breaking a 15-year-old mark set by Steve Young. This record would stand until Colt McCoy finished the 2008 season with a completion percentage of 77.6%.
Culpepper accomplished a feat equaled by only two others in NCAA history when he topped the 10,000-yard passing mark and the 1,000-yard rushing mark in his career. He finished his career sixth on the NCAA's all-time total offense list for all divisions with 12,459 yards and was responsible for 108 career touchdowns. After his junior season, he was being lured out of the collegiate ranks to enter the draft and join the NFL, but instead returned to UCF to graduate and play his senior year. UCF posted a 9 -- 2 record, losing only to Auburn. Passing Rushing Culpepper was drafted eleventh overall in the first round of the 1999 NFL Draft by the Minnesota Vikings. In his first year Culpepper played in one game, rushing three times for six yards and not throwing a pass. In 2000 he was named Minnesota’s starting quarterback, he led the Vikings to victory in the first seven games of the season, helped them finish 11–5 and advance to the NFC Championship game, where they were blown out by the New York Giants 41–0.
During the season, Culpepper passed for 33 touchdowns and 16 interceptions. He rushed for 470 yards and seven touchdowns. One of Culpepper's most notable moments was against the Buffalo Bills when he threw a pass across his body and the field to Randy Moss for a 39-yard touchdown pass, although the pass was at least 60 total yards. At the end of the year, he was selected to his first Pro Bowl. Randy Moss, wide receiver for the Vikings, said that Culpepper was one of the most talented quarterbacks he has seen following the 2000 season. Culpepper struggled over the next two seasons beginning in 2001 throwing 14 touchdowns to 13 interceptions; the Vikings finished the season 5–11. Culpepper started all 11 games in which he appeared, missing the final five games of the season with a knee injury he suffered in a game against the Pittsburgh Steelers on December 2, he completed 60 percent of his passes or better in nine of his 11 outings, including twice when he surpassed the 70.0 mark and had a passer rating of 100.0 better in two contests where the Vikings were 1–1 in those games.
Culpepper’s rushing total ranked third among NFL QBs, trailing only Pittsburgh’s Kordell Stewart and Philadelphia’s Donovan McNabb. His most notable performance during this campaign occurred during the 20–16 comeback win over the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. On the run, Culpepper barreled into Derrick Brooks and Shelton Quarles, but was the first player up after the 8-yard score. Culpepper continued to struggle in 2002, throwing 18 touchdowns to 23 interceptions an
Bryant Douglas McKinnie is a former American football offensive tackle. He played college football for the University of Miami, where he was twice recognized as an All-American; the Minnesota Vikings drafted him with the seventh overall pick in the 2002 NFL Draft, he has played for the Baltimore Ravens and Miami Dolphins of the National Football League. McKinnie was born in New Jersey, he attended Woodbury High School in Woodbury, New Jersey, played high school football for the Woodbury Thundering Herd. McKinnie played college football for two years at Lackawanna College in Pennsylvania. There, he gained 70 pounds and switched from his high school position as defensive lineman to offensive tackle. After junior college, he received a scholarship to transfer to the University of Miami and play for the Miami Hurricanes football team. After redshirting in 1999, McKinnie started his junior and senior years at left tackle for the Hurricanes. During his college career, he was an extraordinary blocking tackle, not allowing a sack on a quarterback against opposition such as future NFL star Dwight Freeney from Syracuse.
McKinnie was, penalized for holding Freeney on one play, a rare blemish on his memorable season. McKinnie received first-team All-American honors in 2000, was recognized as a unanimous first-team All-American in 2001. In 2001, McKinnie was the winner of the Outland Trophy, finished 8th overall in voting for the Heisman Trophy, was the CNN Sports Illustrated "Player of the Year" and a key part of the Hurricanes' 2001 National Championship. At Miami, he was roommates with future NFL tight end Jeremy Shockey. In the September 2006 issue of FHM magazine, McKinnie was one of five University of Miami alumni prominently featured in an article titled: "University of Miami Hit Squad: The Hurricanes are Taking Over the NFL. Deal with it." In the article, McKinnie said: "If you put together a team made up of guys playing in the NFL who come from the University of Miami, we'd be playing in the Super Bowl this season. And I think we'd win." Bryant was inducted into the University of Miami Sports Hall of Fame as part of the Class of 2012.
McKinnie was selected seventh overall by the Minnesota Vikings in the 2002 NFL Draft. McKinnie started every game for Minnesota from 2003 to 2007, had a streak of 80 consecutive games started. After a 2009 loss against the Arizona Cardinals, it was reported by Tony Boselli on the Dan Patrick show that McKinnie accidentally tipped off the Vikings offensive game plan to the Cardinals, he said. "He would have one of his legs back a little bit further". In 2010, McKinnie allowed a sack that injured Brett Favre and stopped his consecutive regular season start streak at 297 games. McKinnie was selected to his first NFL Pro Bowl following the 2009 season, but didn't play in the game due to injuries in his feet and left ankle, as well as an illness he was enduring at the time; because he was not up-front with the league about these issues, the NFL front office forced him to forfeit his $22,500 check and re-pay $4,285 for other expenses. In the summer of 2011, McKinnie was placed on the Vikings' non-football injury list for showing up to camp out of shape, according to The Star Tribune.
He had finished the prior season at 360 pounds and claimed he was going to hire a trainer in the offseason to help him lose some weight. He had been taking tennis lessons from Venus Williams during that time and claimed that the lessons were long and tired him out, he was released on August 2, 2011. After former University of Miami teammate Ed Reed vouched for him as a strong player, McKinnie signed with the Baltimore Ravens on August 24, 2011. McKinnie saw limited playing time during the 2012 regular season, but he would go on to start at left tackle every play during the Ravens' 2012–13 NFL Playoffs run that culminated with a 34–31 Super Bowl victory over the San Francisco 49ers. McKinnie tested free agency for a little over a month following the 2012 season, but the Ravens signed him on May 2, 2013 to a two-year deal valued at up to $7 million. On October 21, 2013, The Ravens traded McKinnie to the Miami Dolphins for a conditional late-round draft pick for the 2015 NFL draft. McKinnie was signed to take over at left tackle for the Dolphins, who had problems with pass protection all season at the tackle positions.
In his first game on October 27 against the New England Patriots, he was noted to play sluggishly, as he had in his final games with the Baltimore Ravens. McKinnie ended the year. In October 2005, McKinnie was charged with a misdemeanor for his involvement in the Minnesota Vikings boat party scandal. On May 26, 2006, McKinnie pleaded guilty to disorderly conduct and being a public nuisance on a watercraft in connection with the Love Boat scandal, he agreed to perform 48 hours of community service. Vikings owner Zygi Wilf said, in addition to community service, he would participate in numerous service events this season. On September 9, 2006, the NFL announced that it would fine McKinnie and fellow Viking Fred Smoot one game check for the incident. For McKinnie, it amounted to $41,000. A day after the fine was levied, he was given a raise and a seven-year extension of his contract worth $48 million. In February 2008 McKinnie was arrested and charged with aggravated battery, disorderly conduct and resisting arrest without violence after a street brawl outside a Miami nightclub.
Miami police said McKinnie spit in the face of a bouncer when he was removed from the club after heading across the stre
History of the Minnesota Vikings
This article details the history of the Minnesota Vikings, an American football club of the National Football League. Professional football history in the Twin Cities began in the 1920s. A new professional team in the area did not surface again until August 1959, when three Minneapolis businessmen – Bill Boyer, H. P. Skoglund and Max Winter – were awarded a franchise in the new American Football League; the ownership group, along with Bernard H. Ridder Jr. forfeited its AFL membership and were awarded the National Football League's 14th franchise with play to begin in 1961 on January 28, 1960. Ole Haugsrud was added to the NFL team ownership because of an agreement he had with the NFL since the 1920s when he sold his Duluth Eskimos team back to the league; the agreement allowed him 10% of any future Minnesota team. Bill Boyer served as the team president from 1960 to 1964. Joe Thomas was hired as head scout. Minnesota's first management team was led by general manager Bert Rose, appointed as GM on August 5, 1960.
In an article on August 6, 1960, in the Minneapolis Tribune, it was reported that the team would use the name "Minnesota" instead of "Minneapolis–St. Paul"; the article stated that several nicknames were suggested for the team, including "Chippewas", "Miners", "Vikings" and "Voyageurs". The team was named the Minnesota Vikings on September 27, 1960. From the start, the Vikings embraced an energetic marketing program that produced a first-year season ticket sales of nearly 26,000 and an average home attendance of 34,586, about 85 percent of the 40,800-seat capacity of Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Met Stadium capacity was increased to 47,900. On January 18, 1961, the Vikings named Norm Van Brocklin as head coach after Winnipeg Blue Bombers head coach Bud Grant turned down the job; the Vikings' trademark horned helmet and purple-and-gold uniforms were designed by Los Angeles Examiner cartoonist Karl Hubenthal. Bert Rose and Norm Van Brocklin both knew Hubenthal from their days in Los Angeles—Rose having served as the Rams' public relations director, Van Brocklin having played as their quarterback.
Rose, an alumnus of the University of Washington, instructed Hubenthal to produce a uniform using the same colors as his alma mater. Hubenthal composed the Vikings' original Norseman logo; the team has retained the basic elements of all those designs to the present day. The Vikings played their first game, an exhibition game, against the Dallas Cowboys on August 5, 1961; the game was played at Howard Wood Field in South Dakota. The Vikings won their first regular-season game, defeating the Chicago Bears 37–13 on the opening day of 1961. Rookie Fran Tarkenton replaced starting quarterback George Shaw to throw four touchdown passes and run for another to lead the upset; the expansion team lost its next seven games on its way to a 3–11 record. The team's second season in 1962 was the first, to date, only season in franchise history in which the team failed to win at least three games, it is the worst season by regular season winning percentage in Vikings' history. Rose resigned from his position as GM on June 1, 1964.
Jim Finks, then-general manager of the Calgary Stampeders, was named his successor on September 11, 1964. The Vikings had their first winning season in 1964, finishing with 5 losses and 1 tie; the 1964 season is remembered by fans for a game played at San Francisco against the 49ers in which defensive end Jim Marshall picked up a fumble and ran it to the wrong end zone. He instead had scored a safety for the 49ers; the Vikings did go on to win the game, 27–22. 1964 was the only season that the Vikings wore white jerseys at home games. This led to confusion; the game started with both teams wearing white jerseys. The Vikings retrieved their purple jerseys from Midway Stadium in Saint Paul; the Vikings changed from white jerseys to purple jerseys on the sidelines. That led to the Vikings wearing all-purple uniforms. Max Winter became the team president in 1965; the Vikings played their first regular season night game and first regular season non Sunday game, when they played the New York Giants Saturday night October 9, 1965 at Met Stadium.
In November of that year, the volatile Van Brocklin quit one day after the team had been eliminated from the postseason in a 41–21 defeat to the Baltimore Colts, but came back 24 hours later. Two months after that brief departure, Van Brocklin signed a new contract that would keep him with the franchise through 1970, but quit for good, abruptly announcing his departure on February 11, 1967, saying he had lost control of the team, the Vikings once again pursued the services of Bud Grant, still with Winnipeg; this time, Grant accepted the Vikings' offer and became the new Vikings head coach on March 10, 1967. On March 7, 1967, Fran Tarkenton was traded to the New York Giants for a first- and second-round draft choice in 1967, a first-round choice in 1968, a second-round choice in 1969. With these picks, Minnesota selected Clinton Jones and Bob Grim in 1967, Ron Yary in 1968, Ed White in 1969. During the late 1960s, the Vikings were building a powerful defense known as the Purple People Eaters, led by Alan Page, Carl Eller, Gary Larsen, J
Florida is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive, the 3rd-most populous, the 8th-most densely populated of the U. S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States; the Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. Tallahassee is the state's capital. Florida's $1.0 trillion economy is the fourth largest in the United States. If it were a country, Florida would be the 16th largest economy in the world, the 58th most populous as of 2018. In 2017, Florida's per capita personal income was ranking 26th in the nation; the unemployment rate in September 2018 was 3.5% and ranked as the 18th in the United States. Florida exports nearly $55 billion in goods made in the 8th highest among all states.
The Miami Metropolitan Area is by far the largest urban economy in Florida and the 12th largest in the United States with a GDP of $344.9 billion as of 2017. This is more than twice the number of the next metro area, the Tampa Bay Area, which has a GDP of $145.3 billion. Florida is home to 51 of the world's billionaires with most of them residing in South Florida; the first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida upon landing there in the Easter season, known in Spanish as Pascua Florida. Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845, it was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, racial segregation after the American Civil War. Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues; the state's economy relies on tourism and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century.
Florida is renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, as a popular destination for retirees. Florida is the flattest state in the United States. Lake Okeechobee is the largest freshwater lake in the U. S. state of Florida. Florida's close proximity to the ocean influences many aspects of daily life. Florida is a reflection of multiple inheritance. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, continues to attract celebrities and athletes, it is internationally known for golf, auto racing, water sports. Several beaches in Florida have emerald-colored coastal waters. About two-thirds of Florida occupies a peninsula between the Gulf of the Atlantic Ocean. Florida has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States 1,350 miles, not including the contribution of the many barrier islands. Florida has a total of 4,510 islands; this is the second-highest number of islands of any state of the United States.
It is the only state that borders both the Gulf of the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the state is characterized by sedimentary soil. Florida has the lowest high point of any U. S. state. The climate varies from subtropical in the north to tropical in the south; the American alligator, American crocodile, American flamingo, Roseate spoonbill, Florida panther, bottlenose dolphin, manatee can be found in Everglades National Park in the southern part of the state. Along with Hawaii, Florida is one of only two states that has a tropical climate, is the only continental state with either a tropical climate or a coral reef; the Florida Reef is the only living coral barrier reef in the continental United States, the third-largest coral barrier reef system in the world. By the 16th century, the earliest time for which there is a historical record, major Native American groups included the Apalachee of the Florida Panhandle, the Timucua of northern and central Florida, the Ais of the central Atlantic coast, the Tocobaga of the Tampa Bay area, the Calusa of southwest Florida and the Tequesta of the southeastern coast.
Florida was the first region of the continental United States to be visited and settled by Europeans. The earliest known European explorers came with the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. Ponce de León spotted and landed on the peninsula on April 2, 1513, he named the region Florida. The story that he was searching for the Fountain of Youth is mythical and only appeared long after his death. In May 1539, Conquistador Hernando de Soto skirted the coast of Florida, searching for a deep harbor to land, he described seeing a thick wall of red mangroves spread mile after mile, some reaching as high as 70 feet, with intertwined and elevated roots making landing difficult. The Spanish introduced Christianity, horses, the Castilian language, more to Florida. Spain established several settlements with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano established a settlement at present-day Pensacola, making it the first attempted settlement in Florida, but it was abandoned by 1561.
In 1565, the settlement of St. Augustine was established under the leadership of admiral and
Kevin Williams (defensive tackle)
Kevin Williams is a former American football defensive tackle. He was drafted by the Minnesota Vikings ninth overall in the 2003 NFL Draft, he played college football at Oklahoma State. Williams attended Oklahoma State University, where he was a mainstay on the Oklahoma State Cowboys football team's defensive front, starting 42 games during his career, he recorded 160 tackles, 38 tackles for loss, 18.5 sacks during his career and was an integral part of a team that improved from 3-8 with 1 win in the conference in 2000 to an 8-5 overall record with a 5-3 conference mark in 2002. The Cowboys' Houston Bowl appearance in 2002 was only the second time in 14 years that OSU made it to a bowl game. After an outstanding performance during the Senior Bowl, Williams went from a marginal first round choice to a possible top 12 pick for the 2003 NFL Draft in most scouts' estimation. However, he was considered a “classic one-year wonder” and compared to Gerard Warren by Stewart Mandel of Sports Illustrated.
Others considered Williams "a more natural end" and suggested a move to the edge in the NFL. The Vikings were slotted as the 7th team for the 1st round of the draft, but when their 15 minutes on the clock expired, two other teams rushed in and made selections before Minnesota got to choose Williams. In 2003, Williams was one of the top impact rookie defenders in team history and led the Vikings with 10.5 sacks, the 2nd-most sacks by a Vikings rookie behind Keith Millard's 11.0 in 1985. He was a consensus All-Rookie team honoree having started opening 12 games of the season at left defensive end and moved inside to start at nose tackle for the final 4 games, he set the Vikings rookie record with 3.0 sacks in season finale at Arizona on December 28. Williams was named NFC Defensive Rookie of the Month when he had 18 tackles, 5.0 sacks, a forced fumble and an interception in the 4-game stretch and joined Carl Eller and Al Noga as the only rookie defensive ends in team history to start the season opener when he debuted in the lineup at Green Bay September 7 and joined defensive end Lance Johnstone as players with 10.0+ sacks, the first time in Vikings history since 1993 when Chris Doleman and John Randle accomplished the feat.
Williams compiled 11.5 sacks in 2004, 4 in 2005, 5 in 2006. Williams played under tackle in the Minnesota Vikings 4-3 defense, with teammate Pat Williams manning the nose tackle position, they were known collectively as the "Williams Wall" as well as the "Williams Wrecking Crew" due to their physical presence at the line of scrimmage, an attribute that helped them lead the Vikings to the best rushing defense in the league for three consecutive seasons. On December 23, 2006, the Minnesota Vikings signed him to a new 7-year contract extension that could reach $50 million with incentives, the contract included $16 million in guaranteed money. In 2007, during the NFL Kickoff game, Williams intercepted Atlanta Falcons quarterback Joey Harrington and ran 54 yards for a touchdown in the 1st quarter; this was the Vikings' first TD for the 2007 season. In week 14 of the same season, Williams intercepted San Francisco 49ers quarterback Trent Dilfer and returned the pick for a touchdown in the 1st quarter.
It was William's second interception touchdown of the season. On December 2, 2008, he received a four-game suspension for use of a diuretic, which can be used a masking agent for steroid use, it is believed. Williams, along with Pat Williams, appealed the suspension to a Minnesota federal court; the case review had been ongoing through the entire 2009 and 2010 NFL seasons, but in 2011, he was suspended for only 2 games under the rules of the new Collective Bargaining Agreement. On June 12, 2014, Williams signed a one-year contract with the Seattle Seahawks in excess of $2 million, he would play all 16 games for the Seahawks that season, recording 30 tackles, 3 sacks, 2 pass deflections, 6 tackles for loss on the #1 defense in points allowed in the league. Williams played in his first career Super Bowl in Super Bowl XLIX. In the Super Bowl, Williams recorded 3 tackles, but the Seahawks lost 28–24 to the New England Patriots; the New Orleans Saints signed Williams to a one-year contract on June 12, 2015.
He blocked an extra point during the Saints Week 12 matchup against the Carolina Panthers. Stephone Anthony returned it for two points, becoming the first person to do so. On July 27, 2016, Williams signed a one-day contract with the Minnesota Vikings before announcing his retirement from professional football. Williams married in June 2005 to Tasha, who ended her collegiate basketball career in 2006 as a senior at Louisiana Tech and helped the Lady Techsters to the NCAA Tournament, earning all-conference honors. Kevin earned his degree in the spring of 2003 from Oklahoma State. Minnesota Vikings Bio Seattle Seahawks bio