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Minnette Gersh Lenier

Minnette Ella Gersh Lenier was a teacher and professional magician who used stage magic to improve students' reading and learning skills. Minnette Lenier received a Bachelor of Arts in 1967 from San Fernando Valley State College, was a Graduate Student at the University of Southern California, she received a Master of Arts in 1968 from the University of Iowa, a PhD in 1971 from the University of Southern California, with a thesis entitled Theodore Roosevelt's Communication Strategies In The Presidential Campaign Of 1912. As a reading specialist, Lenier worked with students at Compton Community College and at other Southeast Los Angeles area schools, as well as in the Los Angeles Unified School District. Lenier was on the faculty of Los Angeles Pierce College. Lenier began taking magic lessons in 1966 with the magician Jules Lenier, whom she married, she performed professionally at the Magic Castle, earned over half her living through magic, had the distinction of being one of the few female performing magicians.

Minnette Lenier used stage magic in the classroom to elevate student interest in the subject matter and worked with remedial reading students. Lenier's stage magic, a concrete task, showed students that everyone has perceptual difficulties at times and that misperception can bring enjoyment. Lenier gave optical illusions to everyone in class to examine, would discuss how people are fooled in general, how the problems students have in reading could be solved. Lenier proved to students that to be fooled is not to be stupid, she allowed students to bring the illusions home so they could try them on other people to demonstrate that everyone is deceived by their eyes. Lenier noted that this gives students the opportunity to be successful with others because they have the correct answers to the illusions. Lenier used magic not only with gifted students as well; these students are bored in their classes and Lenier discovered that learning magic is a mind-expanding activity for them. Minnette Lenier died of cardiac arrest in her home in Woodland Hills, California on February 7, 2011.

Keys to a powerful vocabulary. Prentice Hall. 1993. ISBN 0-13-668955-8. Academic reading with active critical thinking. Wadsworth Pub. Co. 1996. ISBN 0-534-22020-7. College reading with active critical thinking. Wadsworth Pub. Co. 1997. ISBN 0-534-26472-7. Keys to college success: Reading and study improvement. Prentice Hall. 1998. ISBN 0-13-270935-X


Birkirkara is a town in the central region of Malta. It is the second most populous on the island, with 23,034 inhabitants as of March 2018; the city consists of four autonomous parishes: Saint Helen, Saint Joseph, Our Lady of Mount Carmel and Saint Mary. The city's motto is In hoc signo vinces, its coat of arms is a plain red cross, surmounted by a crown. Birkirkara means "cold water" or "running water"; this is attributed to the valley in the town. The name was written as Birchircara, as influenced by Italian spelling which traditionally does not use the letter'K', it is abbreviated as B'kara/Kara. Birkirkara is situated in a valley, from where its name is derived, it is known for flooding on heavy stormy days. Several projects have been proposed; the area has received embellishment works from time to time. Birkirkara is one of Malta's oldest towns and received mention in the 1436 Ecclesiastical Report mentioning the existing parishes in Malta and Gozo, from which Birkirkara emerged as the largest parish.

Various parishes and suburbs developed out of Birkirkara over the years, including Sliema, St. Julian's, Msida, Ħamrun in the 19th century and Santa Venera in the early 20th century. In more recent years, San Ġwann and the hamlet of Ta' l-Ibraġ hived off Birkirkara to form part of the new parish and locality of Swieqi in 1993. There are many places of interest in Birkirkara, which may not be either preserved nor protected, amongst them the Old Railway Station, today located within a public garden. Trains were used as means of transportation across the island until the Railway's closure happened in 1931. Other town features include the Wignacourt Aqueduct built in the 17th Century, St Helen's Basilica, housing Malta's largest church bell. Birkirkara's main religious feast is that of St Helen, celebrated on 18 August if it falls on a Sunday, or on the first Sunday after that date; the main event of the celebration is a procession with a large wooden statue carved by the Maltese master-sculptor Salvu Psaila.

Notably, this is the only procession on the island carried out in the morning. The procession leaves the basilica at 8:00 a.m. and returns to it at 10:45 am. The statue is lifted to shoulder-height by a group of townsmen and is carried through the main streets of the town. Birkirkara has grown into an important commercial centre as well as a densely populated residential area; some prominent buildings in the area are Dar Pirotta, Dar Papa Franġisku, Roxy Cinema, Birkirkara Tower, Tal-Wejter Tower, the Wignacourt Aqueduct, Villa Lauri, Villa Chelsea, Saint Helen Palace, Band Clubs, Political Clubs, the Birkirkara Civic Centre, Ta' Ganu Windmill, amongst others. The Birkirkara Law Courts were built in the 19th century and the building has been converted into a house; as a busy town, Birkirkara has a high incidence of car accidents, topping the list for the third quarter of 2016. There are numerous commercial outlets including Smart Supermarket and complex. Birkirkara features a Csa Mediterranean climate under the Köppen climate classification.

Birkirkara features dry hot summers. The city's temperature varies from 10.3 to 30.7 °C during the course of a year. The current Birkirkara local council members are: Joanne Debono Grech Rita Borg Michael Fenech Adami Kaylocke Buhagiar Liam Gauci Josianne Cardona Gatt Mark Abdilla Anthony Buttigieg John Mary Calleja Herbert Conti John Mizzi Marie Claire Zammit John Borg Carmen Grech Our Lady of Mount Carmel Parish Church, Triq Fleur-de-Lys, Fleur-de-Lys Our Lady, Mother of the Church Parish Church, Triq il-Graffiti Navali, Swatar St. Joseph the Worker Parish Church, Triq il-Bwieraq St. Helen's Parish Church, Triq is-Santwarju St. Mary's Parish Church, Triq il-Knisja l-Qadima Our Lady of Victory Parish Church, Triq il-Vitorja Birkirkara Local Council, Triq Tumas Fenech Birkirkara District Police Station, Triq il-Kbira Birkirkara Malta Labour Party Club, Triq Fleur-de-Lys Birkirkara Partit Nazzjonalista Club, Triq Fleur-de-Lys Birkirkara Branch Post Office, Triq il-Wied Birkirkara Sub-Post Offices at: Triq Mannarino.

The latter is, however surpassed by Birkirkara F. C. led by Adrian Delia. Birkirkara F. C. have a good record in UEFA Europa League when compared to other Maltese teams, having beaten West Ham United F. C. at a point, only to be eliminated from 2015–16 UEFA Europa League on penalties. Birkirkara eliminated Heart of Midlothian in the 2016–17 UEFA Europa League; the financial regulator of Malta, the Malta Financial Services Authority, has its headquarters in Birkirkara. Birkirkara is twinned with: Grosseto, Italy Birkirkara Football Club Birkirkara Ultras 1997 Birkirkara St. Jo

Mapula Motlanthe

Mapula Motlanthe is the former First Lady of South Africa and the ex-wife of former President of South Africa and Robben Island prisoner Kgalema Motlanthe. Mapula Mopate spoke Tswana. Mapula started their relationship with Kgalema Motlanthe during the apartheid years and they married in 1977, their children are Kgomotso. She worked as a radiographer in Leratong Hospital in Mogale City, their first child was born in 1972. After their marriage she lived with her husband's family and their second child, her husband was arrested and sent to Robben Island. Whilst he was in prison she gave birth to a daughter, Ntabiseng. Ntabiseng was not told that she had a different father until she was 21. In 2008 ANC president and President of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki resigned as the president of South Africa. Kgalema Motlante was chosen by the NEC to become the 4th democratic and 3rd post-Apartheid president of South Africa. Motlanthe was sworn in as president at the Union Buildings in Pretoria, Mapula became the first lady of the country.

In 2009 Kgalema Motlante was succeeded by former Deputy President of South Africa Jacob Zuma, as the new South African President, Kgalema was chosen to become the country deputy president. Mapula and Kgalema started to divorce in 2011, in 2014 they came to an amicable settlement, she received two houses. She and her husband had been separated for a number of years

Capital punishment in the Philippines

Capital punishment in the Philippines has a varied history and is suspended as of 2006. Capital punishment was legal after independence and increased in use under the Ferdinand Marcos regime. After the fall of Marcos, there was a moratorium on capital punishment from 1987 to 1999, followed by a resumption in executions from 1999 to 2006, followed - in turn - by a law ending the practice. Filipinos have mixed opinions about the death penalty, with many opposing it on religious and humanitarian grounds, while advocates see it as a way of deterring crimes. During Spanish colonial rule, the most common methods of execution were death by firing squad and garrotte. Death by hanging was another popular method. A prominent example is the national hero, José Rizal, executed by firing squad on the morning of December 30, 1896, in the park that now bears his name. In 1926, the electric chair was introduced by the United States' colonial Insular Government, making the Philippines the only other country to employ this method.

The last colonial-era execution took place under Governor-General Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. in February 1932. There were no executions under Manuel L. Quezon, the first President of the Commonwealth; the capital crimes after regaining full sovereignty in July 1946 were murder and treason. However, no executions took place until April 1950, when Julio Gullien was executed for attempting to assassinate President Manuel Roxas. Other notable cases includes Marciál "Baby" Ama, electrocuted at the age of 16 on October 4, 1961, for murders committed while in prison for lesser charges. Ama notably became the subject of the popular 1976 film, Bitayin si... Baby Ama!. Former Governor of Negros Occidental, Rafael Lacson, 22 of his allies, were condemned to die in August 1954 for the murder of a political opponent. Lacson was never executed. In total, 51 people were electrocuted up to 1961. Execution numbers climbed under President Ferdinand Marcos, who himself was sentenced to death in 1939 for the murder of Julio Nalundasan—the political rival of his father, Mariano.

A notorious triple execution took place in May 1972, when Jaime José, Basilio Pineda, Edgardo Aquino were electrocuted for the 1967 abduction and gang-rape of young actress Maggie dela Riva. The state ordered. Under the Marcos regime, drug trafficking became punishable by death by firing squad, such as the case with Lim Seng, whose execution in January 15, 1973, was ordered broadcast on national television. Future President and then-Chief of the Philippine Constabulary General Fidel V. Ramos was present at the execution; the electric chair was used until 1976, when execution by firing squad replaced it as the sole method of execution. Under Marcos' 20-year authoritarian rule, countless more people were summarily executed, tortured or disappeared for opposition to his rule. After Marcos was deposed in 1986, the newly drafted 1987 Constitution prohibited the death penalty but allowed the Congress to reinstate it "hereafter" for "heinous crimes"; when the Philippines had the death penalty, male inmates condemned to death were held at New Bilibid Prison and female inmates condemned to death were held at Correctional Institution for Women.

The death chamber for inmates to be electrocuted was in Building 14, within the Maximum Security Compound of New Bilibid. The Bureau of Corrections Museum served as the lethal injection chamber. President Fidel V. Ramos promised during his campaign that he would support the re-introduction of the death penalty in response to increasing crime rates; the new law, drafted by Ramos, was passed in 1993. This law provided the use of the electric chair. In 1996, Republic Act 8177 was passed, prescribing the use of lethal injection as the method of carrying out capital punishment. Executions resumed in 1999, starting with Leo Echegaray, put to death by lethal injection under Ramos' successor, Joseph Estrada, marking the first execution after the reinstatement of the death penalty; the next execution saw an embarrassing mishap when President Estrada decided to grant a last-minute reprieve, but failed to get through to the prison authorities in time to stop the execution. Following on a personal appeal by his spiritual advisor, Bishop Teodoro Bacani, Estrada called for a moratorium in 2000 to honor the bimillenial anniversary of Christ's birth.

Executions were resumed a year later. Estrada's successor, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, was a vocal opponent of the death penalty and approved a moratorium on the carrying out of capital punishment; this prohibition was formalized into a full law when the Congress passed Republic Act 9346 in 2006. The next year, the Philippines became a party to the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights regarding the abolition of the death penalty. President Arroyo controversially pardoned many prisoners during her presidency, including a 2009 pardon for all remaining felons convicted for the 1983 assassination of former Senator and opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr. On April 15, 2006, the sentences of 1,230 death row inmates were commuted to life imprisonment, in what Amnesty International believes to be the "largest commutation of death sentences". Capital punishment was again suspended via Repu


Exactis LLC is a data broker established in 2015 and based in the U. S state of Florida; the firm handles business and consumer data in an effort to refine targeted advertising. Exactis became notable in June 2018, after a discovery by cybersecurity researcher Vinny Troia detailed how the organization made nearly 340 million detailed records about individual people available on a publicly accessible server, leaving those people at heightened risk of being impersonated, profiled or otherwise exploited through social engineering; the information has since been protected and removed from the public. However, the leak is notable due to the breadth of data, exposed, surpassing the Equifax breach which had exposed 145 million customers' personal data the year prior. Exactis had accumulated some or all of its information without the knowledge or explicit consent of the data subjects

Glebe House (Arlington, Virginia)

The Glebe House, built in 1854–1857, is a historic house with an octagon-shaped wing in Arlington County, Virginia. The Northern Virginia Conservation Trust holds a conservation easement to help protect and preserve it; the name of the house comes from the property's history as a glebe, an area of land within an ecclesiastical parish used to support a parish priest. In this case, the glebe was established by the Church of England before the American Revolutionary War. A historical marker that the Arlington County government erected near the house in 1969 states that the glebe was a 500-acre farm that was:... provided for the rector of Fairfax Parish, which included both Christ Church and the Falls Church. The Glebe House, built in 1775, stood here, it was rebuilt in 1820, as a hunting lodge. Distinguished persons who have occupied the house include the Rev. Bryan Fairfax, John Peter Van Ness, Clark Mills, Caleb Cushing, Frank Ball; the house is listed on the Virginia Landmarks Register by the Virginia Department of Historic Resources, with number 000-0003.

The National Park Service listed the house on the National Register of Historic Places on February 23, 1972. The Arlington County Board designated the building to be a local historic district on January 7, 1984; the house is located near Glebe Road, a major road through Arlington County, which takes its name from the historic glebe lands of Fairfax Parish. Glebe Cushing House Museum and Garden, Massachusetts — a National Historic Landmark and another home of diplomat Caleb Cushing Caleb Cushing House and Farm, Massachusetts List of Arlington County Historic Districts Northern Virginia Conservation Trust