The Minor Planet Center is the official worldwide organization in charge of collecting observational data for minor planets, calculating their orbits and publishing this information via the Minor Planet Circulars. Under the auspices of the International Astronomical Union, it operates at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, part of the Center for Astrophysics along with the Harvard College Observatory; the MPC runs a number of free online services for observers to assist them in observing minor planets and comets. The complete catalogue of minor planet orbits may be downloaded. In addition to astrometric data, the MPC collects light curve photometry of minor planets. A key function of the MPC is helping observers coordinate follow up observations of possible near-Earth objects via its NEO web form and blog; the MPC is responsible for identifying, alerting to, new NEOs with a risk of impacting Earth in the few weeks following their discovery. The Minor Planet Center was set up at the University of Cincinnati in 1947, under the direction of Paul Herget.
Upon Herget's retirement on June 30, 1978, the MPC was moved to the SAO, under the direction of Brian G. Marsden. From 2006 -- 2015, the director of the MPC was Timothy Spahr; as of February 2015, the Minor Planet Center is headed by interim director Matthew Holman. The MPC periodically releases astrometric observations of minor planets, as well as of comets and natural satellites; these publications are the Minor Planet Circulars, the Minor Planet Electronic Circulars, the Minor Planet Supplements. An extensive archive of publications in a PDF format is available at the Minor Planet Center's website; the archive's oldest publication dates back to 1 November 1977. Minor Planet Circulars, established 1947, is a scientific journal, published by the Minor Planet Center on the date of each full moon, when the number of reported observations are minimal due to the brighter night sky; the Circulars contain astrometric observations and ephemerides of minor planets and certain natural satellites. The astrometric observations of comets are published in full, while the minor planet observations are summarised by observatory code.
New numberings and namings of minor planets, as well as numberings of periodic comets and natural satellites, are announced in the Circulars. New orbits for comets and natural satellites appear in the Circulars; the Minor Planet Electronic Circulars are published by the Minor Planet Center. They contain positional observations and orbits of unusual minor planets and all comets. Monthly lists of observable unusual objects, observable distant objects, observable comets and the critical list of numbered minor planets appear on these circulars. Daily Orbit Update MPECs, issued every day, contain new identifications and orbits of minor planets, obtained over the previous 24 hours; the Minor Planets and Comets Supplement is published on behalf of IAU's Division F by the Minor Planet Center. The Minor Planets and Comets Orbit Supplement is published on behalf of IAU's Division F by the Minor Planet Center. Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams International Astronomical Union Circular List of minor-planet groups List of minor planets List of minor planets § Main index Meanings of minor planet names Minor Planet Center, homepage Minor Planet Center Publication Archive, all published circulars since 1977 MPCORB, The MPC Orbit Database The Minor Planet Center Status Report, Matthew J. Holman, 8 November 2015 Recent MPECs, list of most published Minor Planet Electronic Circulars Asteroid Hazards, Part 1: What Makes an Asteroid a Hazard? on YouTube Asteroid Hazards, Part 2: The Challenge of Detection on YouTube Asteroid Hazards, Part 3: Finding the Path on YouTube
Glen MacWilliams, was an American cinematographer. Born in California, MacWilliams started his career in the silent days, he worked in the United Kingdom for much of the 1930s, working on several musicals with Jessie Matthews. He returned to the US in the 1940s where he worked extensively for 20th Century Fox, filming Laurel and Hardy's first two films for the studio and worked with Alfred Hitchcock on Lifeboat in 1944, he had worked with Hitchcock on one occasion in Britain. He worked in television on such shows as Highway Patrol, Wanted: Dead or Alive, The Untouchables and My Living Doll before he retired in the mid-1960s. Glen MacWilliams on IMDb
The 2004 Alabama Crimson Tide football team represented the University of Alabama during the 2004 NCAA Division I-A football season. This was the team's 72nd season in the SEC; the Crimson Tide were led by head coach Mike Shula, entering his second season as head coach. They began their season with trying to improve from a 4–9 record from the 2003 season; the 2004 squad finished the season with a record of 6–6 following a loss to Minnesota in the Music City Bowl. The team began the 2004 season at 3–0 with blowout victories over Utah State and Western Carolina; the Tide's starting quarterback Brodie Croyle was injured during the Western Carolina game and lost for the season. Without him, the team struggled to find consistent offense against SEC opponents Arkansas and South Carolina; the team rebounded to have multiple blowouts victories in three of the next four games, only losing to rival Tennessee. The season ended on a three-game slide, losing to rivals LSU and Auburn losing in the Music City Bowl to Minnesota.
This season marks the first time since 1958 in which Alabama was absent from the rankings every week. Source: Rolltide.com All-time Football Results: 2004 Season Alabama opened the 2004 season by defeating the Utah State Aggies 48–17. Brian Bostick scored the first Alabama points of the game with his 28-yard field goal. On the ensuing Aggies possession, Roman Harper intercepted a Travis Cox and returned it to the Utah State 21-yard line. Two plays Brodie Croyle threw a 19-yard touchdown pass to Clint Johnston to give the Crimson Tide a 10–0 lead; the Aggies responded in the first with a 35-yard Cox touchdown pass to Kevin Robinson to cut the score to 10–7. In the second quarter, Kenneth Darby scored for Alabama on a 29-yard run and Ben Chaet connected on a 44-yard field goal for Utah State to make the halftime score 17–10. On the third play of the second half, Simeon Castille intercepted a Cox pass and returned it 31-yards for his first career touchdown. After the Alabama defense forced a punt on the ensuing Aggies drive, Croyle threw a 57-yard touchdown strike to Keith Brown on the Crimson Tide's first offensive play of the second half to give them a 31–10 lead.
After a 32-yard Bostick field goal extended the Alabama lead to 34–10, the Aggies responded with their final points of the game on a 21-yard Cox touchdown pass to Chris Forbes. The Crimson Tide closed the game with a pair of fourth-quarter touchdowns; the first came on a one-yard Tim Castille run and the second on a seven-yard Ray Hudson run in the 48–17 Alabama victory. Alabama opened conference play by defeating their long-time rival, the Ole Miss Rebels 28–7. After a scoreless first, the Crimson Tide took a 14–0 halftime lead after scoring a pair of second-quarter touchdowns. Tim Castille scored first on a one-yard run and Tyrone Prothro scored second on a 15-yard Brodie Croyle touchdown pass. Alabama extended their lead to 21–0 in the third quarter when Ray Hudson scored hist first of two touchdowns on a 13-yard Croyle pass. After the Rebels scored their only points of the game on a six-yard Eric Rice touchdown reception from Ethan Flatt, Alabama responded on the following drive with a 46-yard Hudson touchdown run to make the final score 28–7.
In the game, Hudson ran for 116 yards, D. J. Hall and Keith Brown became the first freshman receivers to start for Alabama since Ozzie Newsome in 1974. Alabama won their third straight game to open the season against the Division I-AA Western Carolina Catamounts 52–0. In the 2004 edition of the Iron Bowl, the Crimson Tide took a 6–0 lead at halftime over favored Auburn, but fell 21–13 to the Tigers. Alabama took a 6 -- 0 halftime lead on field goals of 22-yard by Brian Bostick. Auburn responded in the second half with 21 consecutive points to take a 21–6 lead. Touchdowns were scored by Cadillac Williams on a five-yard run, on a 32-yard Jason Campbell pass to Courtney Taylor and on a two-yard Ronnie Brown run. Alabama scored their only touchdown late in the fourth on an 18-yard Spencer Pennington touchdown pass to D. J. Hall to make the final score 21–13 after a failed onside kick. After finishing the regular season with an overall record of 6–5, the Crimson Tide accepted an invitation to play in the Music City Bowl on December 4.
Their appearance was the second for Alabama in the game, marked the first all-time meeting against the Minnesota Golden Gophers on the gridiron and a return to postseason play for the Crimson Tide following a two-year bowl ban imposed by the NCAA. Led by running backs Marion Barber III and Laurence Maroney who each rushed for over 100 yards, Minnesota defeated Alabama 20–16; the Crimson Tide scored first when Spencer Pennington threw a two-yard touchdown pass to Le'Ron McClain for a 7–0 Alabama lead. Minnesota tied the game in the first on a defensive touchdown; the score happened after Anthony Montgomery forced a Pennington fumble, recovered in the endzone by Keith Lipka. The Gophers took a 17–7 lead in the second quarter after a five-yard Barber touchdown run and a 27-yard Rhys Lloyd field goal; the Crimson Tide responded with a one-yard McClain touchdown run to cut the Minnesota lead to 17–14 at halftime. The second half was dominated by both defenses with Minnesota only managing to score on a 24-yard Lloyd field goal in the third and Alabama only scoring on a safety in the fourth to make the final score 20–16