Phil Silvers was an American entertainer and comedic actor, known as "The King of Chutzpah". He starred in The Phil Silvers Show, a 1950s sitcom set on a U. S. Army post. Born Philip Silver or Philip Silversmith on May 11, 1911, in Brooklyn, New York, in the working-class Brownsville section, he was the eighth and youngest child of Russian Jewish immigrants and Sarah Silver, his siblings were Lillian, Jack, Pearl and Reuben Silver. His father, a sheet metal worker, helped build the early New York skyscrapers. Silvers began entertaining aged 11, when he would sing in theaters when the film projector broke down, to the point where he was allowed to keep attending the same movie theater free of charge, to sing through any future breakdowns. By age 13, he was working as a singer in the Gus Edwards Revue, worked in vaudeville and as a burlesque comic. Silvers next worked in short films for the Vitaphone studio, such as Ups and Downs, on Broadway, where he made his début in the short-lived show Yokel Boy in 1939.
Critics raved about Silvers, hailed as the bright spot in the mediocre play. The Broadway revue High Kickers was based on his concept, he made his feature film début in Hit Parade of 1941 in 1940. Over the next two decades, he worked as a character actor for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 20th Century Fox, in such films as All Through the Night with Humphrey Bogart. Around the same time, he played a scene with W. C. Fields in Tales of Manhattan, cut from the original release, but restored decades in home video issues. Silvers appeared in Lady Be Good, Coney Island, Cover Girl, with Gene Kelly and Rita Hayworth, Summer Stock; when the studio system began to decline, he returned to the stage. Silvers wrote the lyrics for Frank Sinatra's "Nancy". Although he was not a songwriter, he wrote the lyrics while visiting composer Jimmy Van Heusen; the two composed the song for Van Heusen's writing partner Johnny Burke, for his wife Bessie's birthday. Substituting Sinatra's little daughter's name Nancy at her birthday party, the trio pressed the singer to record it himself.
The song was a staple in Sinatra's live performances. Towards the end of the Second World War, Silvers entertained the troops during several successful overseas USO tours with Sinatra. Silvers scored a major triumph in Top Banana, a Broadway show of 1952. Silvers played the egocentric, always-busy star of a major television show. Silvers won a Tony Award for his performance, he repeated the role in the 1954 film version, released in 3-D. According to the documentary on the DVD of It's a Mad, Mad, Mad World, Silvers was not a traditional comedian: he was a comic actor. Silvers never did stand-up, out of character, he was not known for cracking jokes. Silvers became a household name in 1955 when he starred as Sergeant Ernest G. Bilko in You'll Never Get Rich retitled The Phil Silvers Show; the military comedy became a television hit, with the opportunistic Bilko fast-talking his way through one obstacle after another. In 1958, CBS switched the show to be telecast on Friday nights and moved the setting to Camp Fremont in California.
A year the show was off the schedule. Silvers returned to Broadway in the musical Do Re Mi in December 1960, receiving a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical. Stanley Green wrote, "It was blessed by offering two outstanding clowns in Phil Silvers as the pushiest of patsies and Nancy Walker." Throughout the 1960s, he appeared in films such as It's a Mad, Mad, Mad World and 40 Pounds of Trouble. He was featured in Marilyn Monroe's last film, the unfinished Something's Got to Give. In the 1963–1964 television season, he appeared as Harry Grafton, a factory foreman interested in get-rich-quick schemes, much like the previous Bilko character, in CBS's 30-episode The New Phil Silvers Show, with co-stars Stafford Repp, Herbie Faye, Buddy Lester, Elena Verdugo as his sister and her children, played by Ronnie Dapo and Sandy Descher. In 1967, he starred as a guest in one of the British Carry On films, Follow That Camel, a Foreign Legion parody in which he played a variation of the Sergeant Bilko character, Sergeant Nocker.
Producer Peter Rogers employed him to ensure the Carry On films' success in America, though Silvers' presence did not ensure the film's success on either side of the Atlantic. His salary was £30,000, the largest Carry On salary only met by the appearance of Elke Sommer in Carry On Behind. Silvers was offered the leading role of conniving Roman slave Pseudolus in the Broadway musical comedy A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum. Silvers declined, the role went instead to Zero Mostel, so successful in the role that he repeated the role in the 1966 film version. By this time, Silvers realized his error, agreed to appear in the film as a secondary character, flesh merchant Marcus Lycus; when actor-producer Larry Blyden mounted a Broadway revival of Forum in 1972, he wanted Phil Silvers to play the lead, this time Silvers agreed. The revival was a hit and Silvers became the first leading actor to win a Tony Award in a revival of a musical. Silvers guested on The Beverly Hillbillies, various TV variety shows such as The Carol Burnett Show, Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In and The Dean Martin Show.
He appeared as curmudgeonly
Mrs Henderson Presents
Mrs Henderson Presents is a 2005 British biographical film written by American playwright Martin Sherman and directed by Stephen Frears. It stars Judi Dench, Bob Hoskins, Kelly Reilly, Pop Idol winner Will Young in his acting debut; the film tells the true story of Laura Henderson, an eccentric British socialite who invested her money to create the Windmill Theatre in London during World War II. Eccentric 70-year-old widow Mrs Laura Henderson purchases the Windmill Theatre in London, as a post-widowhood hobby and appoints autocratic manager Vivian Van Damm. In 1937, they start a continuous variety revue called "Revudeville", but after other theatres in London copy this innovation, they begin losing money. Mrs Henderson suggests they add female nudity, similar to the Moulin Rouge in Paris, unprecedented in the United Kingdom; the Lord Chamberlain reluctantly allows this under the condition that the nude performers remain immobile, so the performances can be considered art, the equivalent of nude statues in museums.
Because the theatre's auditorium is below street level it is safe during the bombing of London, performances continue. The performers bravely go on with the show during frightening bombing raids, the posed nude girls resume their poses, after ducking, as the whole theatre is shaken and the scene flats all round them sway when a bomb lands close by. Maureen, one of the cast, becomes involved at Mrs Henderson's instigation with a young soldier, one of the audience regulars. Maureen becomes pregnant and receives word that after Paul is demobilised, he intends to return to his girlfriend, she becomes upset about how it will affect her life, hands in her notice. Before the issue is resolved, she is killed by a bomb while leaving the theatre. Other scenes depict life in the theatre during the period. Mrs Henderson and Mr Van Damm clash and squabble, but show great appreciation for each other; the authorities want the theatre to close because of the danger of crowds gathering in the street outside the theatre.
Mrs Henderson argues: for soldiers going to die in the war this is their last chance, for many of the young soldiers their only chance, to see female nudity. She reflects on the death of her son in the First World War, how he may never have seen a naked girl except on a French postcard he'd been carrying when he died in a gas attack; the film's closing credits explain that, on her death in 1944, Mrs Henderson bequeathed the theatre to Mr Van Damm. Judi Dench as Laura Henderson Bob Hoskins as Vivian Van Damm Will Young as Bertie Christopher Guest as Lord Cromer Kelly Reilly as Maureen Toby Jones as Gordon Thelma Barlow as Lady Margot Conway Anna Brewster as Doris Rosalind Halstead as Frances Sarah Solemani as Vera Natalia Tena as Peggy Sir Thomas Allen as Eric Woodburn Richard Syms as Ambrose Samuel Barnett as Paul The film received positive reviews. At Rotten Tomatoes, 68% of the critics gave the film a positive review out of 141 reviews; the website Future Movies described the film as "very funny and charming".
Roger Ebert reacted positively to the film, saying "Mrs Henderson Presents is not great cinema, neither was the Windmill great theater, but they both put on a good show." The film won four minor awards and was nominated for 26, among them four BAFTA Awards including Best Original Screenplay, two Academy Awards, three Golden Globe Awards, eight British Independent Film Awards. In June 2014, it was first revealed by producer John Reid that a musical adaption of the film was in the works, with a workshop taking place the same year. On 16 October 2014, the musical was confirmed and it was announced that the show would receive its world premiere in summer 2015, with a view to a West End transfer; the musical is directed by and has a book by Terry Johnson, based on an original screenplay by Martin Sherman, with choreography by Andrew Wright, set design by Tim Shortall, costume design by Paul Wills, lighting by Ben Ormerod and magic consultancy by Scott Penrose. Music by George Fenton and Simon Chamberlain and lyrics by Don Black.
The show's premiere production began previews at the Theatre Royal in Bath, on 15 August 2015, with its official opening night coming on 26 August, for a limited run until 25 September 2015. Rehearsals began on 7 July 2015. On 6 March 2015, initial casting was announced with the news that Janie Dee would play the role of Laura Henderson with Emma Williams playing Maureen. Further notable casting included Ian Bartholomew as Vivian Van Mark Hadfield as Arthur. On 7 July 2015, it was revealed that Janie Dee had withdrawn from the production prior to rehearsals due to personal reasons and that Tracie Bennett would replace her in the role of Laura Henderson. Following completion of the musical's tryout in Bath, it was announced that the show would transfer to the Noel Coward Theatre in London's West End with an official opening night of 16 February 2016 following previews from 9 February; the majority of the cast reprised their roles with the exceptions of Mark Hadfield, replaced in the role of Arthur by former EastEnders actor Jamie Foreman, Graham Hoadly, replaced in the role of Lord Cromer by Robert Hands and Jane Milligan, replaced in the role of Lady Conway by Liz Ewing.
Official website Mrs Henderson Presents at Box Office Mojo Mrs Henderson Presents on IMDb Mrs Henderson Presents at Rotten Tomatoes
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, it was the longest and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline; the Great Depression started in the United States after a major fall in stock prices that began around September 4, 1929, became worldwide news with the stock market crash of October 29, 1929. Between 1929 and 1932, worldwide gross domestic product fell by an estimated 15%. By comparison, worldwide GDP fell by less than 1% from 2008 to 2009 during the Great Recession; some economies started to recover by the mid-1930s. However, in many countries the negative effects of the Great Depression lasted until the beginning of World War II; the Great Depression had devastating effects in countries both poor. Personal income, tax revenue and prices dropped, while international trade plunged by more than 50%.
Unemployment in the U. S. rose to 25% and in some countries rose as high as 33%. Cities around the world were hit hard those dependent on heavy industry. Construction was halted in many countries. Farming communities and rural areas suffered as crop prices fell by about 60%. Facing plummeting demand with few alternative sources of jobs, areas dependent on primary sector industries such as mining and logging suffered the most. Economic historians attribute the start of the Great Depression to the sudden devastating collapse of U. S. stock market prices on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. However, some dispute this conclusion and see the stock crash as a symptom, rather than a cause, of the Great Depression. After the Wall Street Crash of 1929 optimism persisted for some time. John D. Rockefeller said "These are days. In the 93 years of my life, depressions have gone. Prosperity has always returned and will again." The stock market turned upward in early 1930. This was still 30% below the peak of September 1929.
Together and business spent more in the first half of 1930 than in the corresponding period of the previous year. On the other hand, many of whom had suffered severe losses in the stock market the previous year, cut back their expenditures by 10%. In addition, beginning in the mid-1930s, a severe drought ravaged the agricultural heartland of the U. S. By mid-1930, interest rates had dropped to low levels, but expected deflation and the continuing reluctance of people to borrow meant that consumer spending and investment were depressed. By May 1930, automobile sales had declined to below the levels of 1928. Prices in general began to decline, although wages held steady in 1930. A deflationary spiral started in 1931. Farmers faced a worse outlook. At its peak, the Great Depression saw nearly 10% of all Great Plains farms change hands despite federal assistance; the decline in the U. S. economy was the factor. Frantic attempts to shore up the economies of individual nations through protectionist policies, such as the 1930 U.
S. Smoot–Hawley Tariff Act and retaliatory tariffs in other countries, exacerbated the collapse in global trade. By 1933, the economic decline had pushed world trade to one-third of its level just four years earlier. Change in economic indicators 1929–32 The two classical competing theories of the Great Depression are the Keynesian and the monetarist explanation. There are various heterodox theories that downplay or reject the explanations of the Keynesians and monetarists; the consensus among demand-driven theories is that a large-scale loss of confidence led to a sudden reduction in consumption and investment spending. Once panic and deflation set in, many people believed they could avoid further losses by keeping clear of the markets. Holding money became profitable as prices dropped lower and a given amount of money bought more goods, exacerbating the drop in demand. Monetarists believe that the Great Depression started as an ordinary recession, but the shrinking of the money supply exacerbated the economic situation, causing a recession to descend into the Great Depression.
Economists and economic historians are evenly split as to whether the traditional monetary explanation that monetary forces were the primary cause of the Great Depression is right, or the traditional Keynesian explanation that a fall in autonomous spending investment, is the primary explanation for the onset of the Great Depression. Today the controversy is of lesser importance since there is mainstream support for the debt deflation theory and the expectations hypothesis that building on the monetary explanation of Milton Friedman and Anna Schwartz add non-monetary explanations. There is consensus that the Federal Reserve System should have cut short the process of monetary deflation and banking collapse. If they had done this, the economic downturn would have been much shorter. British economist John Maynard Keynes argued in The General Theory of Employment and Money that lower aggregate expenditures in the economy contributed to a massive decline in income and to employment, well below the average.
In such a situation, the economy reached equilibrium at low levels of economic activity and high unemployment. Keynes' basic idea was simple
Rags Ragland was an American comedian and character actor. Ragland was born on August 23, 1905, in Louisville, Kentucky, to parents Adam Joseph Ragland and Stella Petty; as a youth, he worked as a truck driver and movie projectionist in Kentucky. He was married to Sabina Elizabeth Vanover and they had one child, a son named John Griffin Ragland, before they divorced in 1926; the following year, at the age of 22, Ragland moved to Los Angeles. Ragland made his show business reputation in burlesque, he became known for his wild ad-libs, unpredictable intrusions into other comics' acts, a "healthy off-stage libido". He worked his way up to "top banana" at Minsky's, the dominant burlesque house. Minsky striptease star Georgia Sothern remembered him fondly in her 1971 memoir, saying she considered Ragland a close friend and the funniest comedian the Minskys had produced, his longtime performing partner Phil Silvers referred to Ragland in his autobiography as "my favorite comic". After burlesque in its classic style died, Ragland made his way to films.
He playing good-natured oafs with a knack for fracturing the English language. He became a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer contract player beginning with 1942's Panama Hattie, reprising a role he played on Broadway. Ragland appeared in around two dozen MGM light musicals, he gained popularity as Red Skelton's cohort in the "Whistling" movies. His final film appearance was in the drama The Hoodlum Saint. After returning from an alcoholic bender with Orson Welles in Mexico in 1946, Ragland was scheduled to revive his New York nightclub act with friend Phil Silvers at the Copacabana, he was hospitalized. Good friend Frank Sinatra called in a specialist, but the doctors determined that Ragland's liver and kidneys were destroyed from years of alcohol abuse. After falling into a coma, he died, of uremia. Silvers and Sinatra were by his bedside. Many Hollywood celebrities attended Ragland's funeral – Sinatra sang at the service and Silvers delivered the eulogy. In a gesture of friendship and respect, Sinatra left the set of his movie It Happened in Brooklyn, flew to New York, unexpectedly showed up to take Ragland's spot with Silvers at the Copacabana debut.
Sinatra and Silvers did the routines. The show brought down the house, it ended with Silvers saying in tears, "May I take a bow for Rags." The audience was silent. Rags Ragland on IMDb Rags Ragland at Find a Grave
The Night They Raided Minsky's
The Night They Raided Minsky's is a 1968 musical comedy film directed by William Friedkin and produced by Norman Lear. Contrary to the film’s opening comments, this is a fictional account of the invention of the striptease at Minsky's Burlesque in 1925; the film is based on the novel by Rowland Barber, published in 1960. Rachel Schpitendavel, an innocent Amish girl from rural Pennsylvania, arrives in New York's Lower East Side hoping to make it as a dancer. Rachel's dances are based on Bible stories, she auditions at Minsky's Burlesque. But Billy Minsky and the show's jaded straight man, Raymond Paine, concoct a plan to foil moral crusader Vance Fowler, intent on shutting down the theater. Minsky publicizes Rachel as the notorious Madamoiselle Fifi, performing the "dance that drove a million Frenchmen wild." This will invite a raid by the police. But Billy will let Rachel perform her innocuous Bible dances, thus humiliating Fowler. During the run-up to her midnight performance and his partner, show Rachel the ropes of burlesque, they both fall for her in the process.
Meanwhile, Rachel's stern father, who objects to her Bible dances, arrives in search of his daughter. The film climaxes when Rachel takes the stage after her father has called her a whore and she realizes that the Minskys are just using her, her father tries to drag her off-stage, but she pulls away and accidentally tears a slit in her dress. The sold-out crowd spurs her on and Rachel begins to enjoy her power over the audience and starts to strip, she looks into the wings and sees Raymond, who senses a raid and the end of an era, leaving the theater for good. Rachel calls and throws out her arms to him, inadvertently dropping the front of her dress and baring her breasts. Fowler blows the police rush the stage and close down the show. A madcap melee follows. In the end, most of the cast members are loaded into a paddy wagon, including Rachel's bewildered father. Jason Robards as Raymond Paine Britt Ekland as Rachel Elizabeth Schpitendavel Norman Wisdom as Chick Williams Forrest Tucker as Trim Houlihan Harry Andrews as Jacob Schpitendavel Joseph Wiseman as Louis Minsky Denholm Elliott as Vance Fowler Elliott Gould as Billy Minsky Jack Burns as Candy Butcher Bert Lahr as Professor Spats In his book Minsky's Burlesque, Morton Minsky wrote, "As for April 20, 1925, the day that the raid on which the book was based took place, it was hardly epochal in the history of burlesque, but it did turn out to be a prelude to much greater troubles...
Anyway, the raid story was fun, but the raid itself was one of dozens to which we had become accustomed. Minsky's theater, the National Winter Garden on Houston Street, was raided for the first time in 1917 when Mae Dix absentmindedly began removing her costume before she reached the wings; when the crowd cheered, Dix returned to the stage and continued removing her clothing to wild applause. Billy Minsky ordered the "accident" repeated every night; this began an endless cycle. Whenever they went too far, they were raided. According to Morton Minsky, Mademoiselle Fifi was a woman named Mary Dawson, from Pennsylvania. Morton suggests that his brother, persuaded Dawson to expose her breasts in order to create a sensation. By 1925, it was permissible for girls in legitimate shows staged by Ziegfeld, George White and Earl Carroll—as well as burlesque—to appear topless as long as they didn't move. Mademoiselle Fifi stripped to the waist, but moved, triggering the raid. "Although the show in general had been tame," he wrote, "Fifi's finale and the publicity that soon followed the raid ensured full houses at the soon-to-be opened theater uptown."
In 1975, Dawson 85, refuted the legend. "I was never a stripteaser. I never did anything risque", she said that novelist Rowland Barber "just put all that in the book to make it better." She wasn't at the theater that night. Her father was a policeman and a straitlaced Quaker, although he never came to New York City and never led a raid on one of the Minsky burlesque houses. In April 1961, producer Leonard Key outbid several others for the stage rights to Rowland Barber's book. At that time it was reported to be the highest price paid for such rights, that the novel would be adapted by screenwriter Edward Chodorov. In the year, Key had enlisted screenwriter Julius J. Epstein. At these early stages, Sammy Cahn as well as Johnny Mercer and Henry Mancini were rumored to do the music; the show never found financial backing before the option for the stage rights ran out two years in 1963. Norman Lear and Bud Yorkin bought the film rights in September 1965. Lear announced that production would start in the fall of 1966.
Dick Shawn was being considered for the "lead role" in July 1966. However, filming didn't begin until a year on October 8, 1967. On May 23, 1967, the Los Angeles Times reported that William Friedkin was set
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr