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Minutemen (band)

Minutemen were an American punk rock band formed in San Pedro, California in 1980. Composed of guitarist/vocalist D. Boon, bassist/vocalist Mike Watt, drummer George Hurley, Minutemen recorded four albums and eight EPs before Boon's death in an automobile accident in 1985, they were noted in the California punk community for a philosophy of "jamming econo"—a sense of thriftiness reflected in their touring and presentation—while their eclectic and experimental attitude was instrumental in pioneering alternative rock and post-hardcore. Minutemen began when D. Boon and Mike Watt met at age 13. Watt was walking through a park in their hometown of San Pedro, California when Boon, playing a game of "army" with other boys, fell out of a tree right next to him and found that his friends, one named Eskimo, must have ditched him. Both boys shared a passion for music. At first, Watt did not know the difference between standard guitars; the pair started playing music together covering songs from artists they admired.

In the summer of 1973 Watt and Boon formed the Bright Orange Band, with Boon's brother Joe on drums. In 1976 they discovered punk; the next year, the two joined. Following Starstruck's disbandment and Watt met drummer George Hurley and formed The Reactionaries with vocalist Martin Tamburovich. After the Reactionaries disbanded and Watt formed Minutemen in January 1980. Watt has said. In the documentary We Jam Econo, Watt states that the name was a play on "minute". After a month with no drummer, during which Boon and Watt wrote their first songs, the band rehearsed and played a couple of early gigs with local welder Frank Tonche on drums; the group had wanted George Hurley to join, but he had joined a hardcore punk band called Hey Taxi! with Michael Ely and Spider Taylor after the Reactionaries disbanded. Tonche quit the group, citing a dislike of the audience the band drew, Hurley took over as drummer in June 1980, their first live gig was as an opening band for Black Flag. Greg Ginn of Black Flag and SST Records produced Minutemen's first 7" EP, Paranoid Time, which solidified their eclectic style.

Like most punk bands at the time, the band sold the EP at their shows and at a few local record stores. It became a minor hit with the hardcore scene, they settled on their music style on their first LP, The Punch Line, toured around America promoting the album. Their third EP and fourth overall release was Bean-Spill, their second LP, What Makes a Man Start Fires?, gained attention from the alternative and underground press. They continued touring extensively; this tour strengthened their place as one of the most well-known acts in the hardcore scene. In 1983 they released their third LP, Buzz or Howl Under the Influence of Heat. Minutemen's anti-rockist eclecticism was best exemplified on 1984's double album Double Nickels on the Dime. Though still somewhat obscure to mainstream audiences, Double Nickels has been cited as one of the more innovative and enduring albums of the 1980s American rock underground. On Double Nickels, they co-wrote some songs with other musicians, notably Henry Rollins, Chuck Dukowski, Joe Baiza.

In 1985 they released Project: Mersh. Though the album sounded more mainstream, it sold poorly compared to Double Nickels due to the negative reaction to such a commercial album from within the underground community, they continued touring, by the time of their final album, 3-Way Tie, they decided to take a small break. They played their last tour with R. E. M.. Their final concert was in Charlotte, North Carolina on December 13, 1985. On December 22, 1985, Boon was killed in a van accident. Watt fell into a deep depression after his friend's death, but was convinced to continue performing by Sonic Youth; this put an end to the band's plans to record a half studio/half live triple album with the working title 3 Dudes, 6 Sides, Half Studio, Half Live. The live tracks were to be based on the ballots that they handed out and as a way to counteract bootlegging. A year however and Hurley compiled various live recordings, based on the ballots, released as Ballot Result. In addition, Richard Meltzer had sent Watt lyrics for ten songs for an album on which he was going to collaborate.

This project titled Spielgusher, was completed and released in January 2012 on clenchedwrench. Following Boon's death and Hurley intended to quit music altogether, but encouraged by Minutemen fan Ed Crawford, they formed Firehose in 1986 and have both formed solo projects since Minutemen disbanded. Watt has created four acclaimed solo albums, recorded four with now-former-wife Kira Roessler as the duo Dos, recorded three others as part of the punk jazz jam band Banyan with Stephen Perkins, Nels Cline, Money Mark Nishita, contributed on "Providence" off Sonic Youth's album Daydream Nation and "In the Kingdom No. 19" and "Bubblegum" off EVOL, toured as a member of Porno for Pyros in 1996 and J Mascis and the Fog in 2000 and 2001, became

Gmina Potworów

Gmina Potworów is a rural gmina in Przysucha County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. Its seat is the village of Potworów, which lies 18 kilometres north-east of Przysucha and 82 km south-west of Warsaw; the gmina covers an area of 81.89 square kilometres, as of 2006 its total population is 4,288. Gmina Potworów contains the villages and settlements of Dąbrowa Goszczewicka, Długie, Dłuska Wola, Grabowa, Grabowska Wola, Kacperków, Kozieniec, Łojków, Mokrzec, Podgóry, Pólka, Potworów, Potworów PGR, Rdzów, Rdzuchów, Rdzuchów-Kolonia, Wir, Wir Stary, Wir-Kolonia, Wirówek, Wymysłów, Żabia Wólka and Zachatka. Gmina Potworów is bordered by the gminas of Klwów, Przytyk, Radzanów, Rusinów and Wyśmierzyce. Polish official population figures 2006

Owen Teale

Owen Teale is a Welsh actor known for his role as Ser Alliser Thorne in the HBO fantasy TV series Game of Thrones. Trained at the Guildford School of Acting, Teale made his television debut in The Mimosa Boys in 1984. in 1985, he appeared in the Doctor Who serial Vengeance on Varos as "Maldak". His film debut was in War Requiem in 1989, he appeared in Knights of God, Great Expectations, Boon before being cast as Will Scarlet in the 1991 film Robin Hood. He went on to appear in such series as Dangerfield, The Thin Blue Line and the long-running Belonging, Spooks and Murphy's Law, he appeared as Lophakin in the 1999 adaptation of The Cherry Orchard, opposite Charlotte Rampling as Ranevskaya and Alan Bates as Gayev. He played the infamous Nazi judge Roland Freisler in Conspiracy. In 2005, he played a lead role in Marian, Again, in which he was the abusive husband of Harrison's eponymous character, he did voice over narration for "Tales from the Green Valley", one of several farm series he has done for the BBC.

In 2006, he appeared in the Torchwood episode "Countrycide". In 2006 he had a role in the HBO UK TV movie Tsunami: The Aftermath. In 2007, he guest-starred in the Doctor. In the same year, he starred in The Last Legion. In 2011, Teale appeared as Ser Alliser Thorne in Game of Thrones, the HBO TV adaptation of George R. R. Martin's novel series A Song of Ice and Fire, replacing at short notice Derek Halligan, he reprised this role in Season 4, Season 5, Season 6. In 2012, he played Dai in the comedy-drama series Stella and Robert Holland, the fictional UK Foreign Secretary, in the drama series Kidnap and Ransom, he played Chief Superintendent Osborne in the BBC police drama Line of Duty. Teale was born in North Cornelly, Wales, he has been married twice: to Dilys Watling and to Sylvestra Le Touzel. He has three children, he lived in Hall Drive, North Cornelly and went to school in Cynffig Comprehensive School in Kenfig Hill. Locally he was known as Nigel Teale. Teale won the 1997 Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play for his performance as Torvald opposite Janet McTeer in Ibsen's A Doll's House.

Owen Teale at the Internet Broadway Database Owen Teale on IMDb Owen Teale