Casalvecchio Siculo is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 170 kilometres east of Palermo and about 35 kilometres southwest of Messina. Church of Santi Pietro e Paolo d’Agrò, one of the most important structures in the Agrò river valley and in the Metropolitan City of Messina; the current structure was built by Roger II of Sicily in 1117 and remade in 1172. It is characterized by a mix of Byzantine and Norman styles; the exterior appearance resembles that of a fortress, with two towers flanking the facade. The interior has two aisles. Mother church dating 1117 but rebuilt in the 17th century
Giardini Naxos is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Messina on the island of Sicily in southern Italy. It is situated on the coast of the Ionian Sea on a bay which lies between Cape Taormina and Cape Schisò. Since the 1970s it has become a seaside-resort. Founded by Thucles the Chalcidian in 734 BC, Naxos was never a powerful city, but its temple of Apollo Archegetes, protecting deity of all the Greek colonies, gave it prominence in religious affairs. Leontini and Catania were both colonized from here. Hippocrates, tyrant of Gela, captured it in 494 BC, its opposition to Syracuse led to its capture and destruction in 403 BC at the hands of Dionysius the tyrant, after it had supported Athens during that city's disastrous Sicilian Expedition. Though the site continued to be inhabited, most activity shifted to neighbouring Tauromenium. In 1544, following the raids by corsair, Kheir-ed-Din, several military buildings were constructed to protect Cape Schisò from the Barbary pirates who continued to attack and plunder the coastal villages.
These were Schisò Castle, rebuilt from an earlier 13th-century castle, Schisò fort, Vignazza Tower. The latter is a quadrangular watchtower which served to patrol the coast south of Port Schisò. Vignazza Tower is located in the Recanati area of Giardini Naxos. Prior to the early 1970s, Giardini Naxos was a quiet fishing village. Now it is a tourist destination, its attractions including beaches, the panoramic view of the bay and surrounding hills, its small fishing port, it attracts Italians alike, many of whom own summer residences in the comune. The seafront is lined with hotels, smaller pensions, pubs and pizzerias; the town of Taormina is situated in the hills above Giardini Naxos and can be accessed by car and bus. Giardini Naxos has several churches and an archaeological park. Official website
Metropolitan City of Messina
The Metropolitan City of Messina is a metropolitan city in Sicily, Italy. Its capital is the city of Messina, it comprises the city of Messina and other 107 municipalities. According to Eurostat the FUA of the metropolitan area of Messina had in 2014 277,584 inhabitants, it was first created by the reform of local authorities and established by the regional law 15 August 2015. The metropolitan city borders with the Metropolitan City of Palermo, the Metropolitan City of Catania and the Province of Enna. Part of its territory includes the Metropolitan area of the Strait of Messina, shared with Reggio Calabria. Province of Messina Strait of Messina metropolitan area Metropolitan City of Messina official website
Itala is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 180 kilometres east of Palermo and about 20 kilometres southwest of Messina. Itala borders the following municipalities: Alì, Alì Terme, Messina, Scaletta Zanclea. Official website
Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto
Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto is a town and comune of about 50,000 inhabitants in the north coast of Sicily, Italy, 40 kilometres from Messina towards Palermo. It belongs to the Metropolitan City of Messina. In the area corresponding to the current municipal area were the following ancient settlements were identified: Settlement and necropolis of the Bronze Age and Iron Age, in Maloto locality. Settlement and necropolis, from around the 10th century BC, in Pizzo Lando. Settlement and necropolis of ancient Greek or Hellenistic times, assigned to 8th century BC, in Oliveto locality. Settlement and necropolis of Sicani/Greek origins, dating from around the 6th and 5ht centuries BC, in Sant'Onofrio locality. In 265 BC, the Battle of Longano between the army of Hiero II of Syracuse and the Mamertines under the command of the leader Cione took place in this area; the exact assignment of the place in the absence of identifiable cause remains earthquakes or floods or diversion of water courses, there are several hypotheses that place the event along the courses of the rivers bordering the "Mela" or "Patrì", other in the vicinity of the mythical city: "Longane" or "Abacena", however settlements related to the same conflict.
Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto lies in the plain that slopes to the north close to the lush hills and the chain of Peloritani mountains, overlooking the Gulf of Patti in the Tyrrhenian Sea on the part near the Aeolian Islands in a portion of coast between the Milazzo peninsula to the east and to the west promontory of Tindari. The most creditable hypothesis for the roots to its name lies in the domination of the Crown of Aragon and in the five hundred year history of Spanish Sicily, flowing together with the Kingdom of Naples under the jurisdiction of the Crown of Spain; the same analogy have identified the first conquerors from County of County of Barcelona. The oldest part of the town, Pozzo di Gotto, owes its name to the digging of a well for irrigation in cultivated lands located between the rivers Idria and Longano, belonging to Nicholas Goto as described in Vulgar Latin in a document dated 1463: "... Nicolao de Gotho... in quo Puzzo de Gotho...". In 1571 Pozzogottesi obtained from the Grand Court of the Archbishop of Messina permission to elect their chaplain stationed in Saint Vitus no longer depend from Archpriest of Milazzo.
Gained recognition, has advanced the redemption request to the Court of Madrid against the oppressive power of Milazzo under whose jurisdiction Pozzo di Gotto depended politically and physically by providing a distant hamlet, a bond that will be permanently discontinued 22 May 1639, ratified by royal decree Viceroy under the reign of Philip IV of Spain, assumes the title "Libera et Realis Civitas Putei de Gotho". The village in the west of the river Longano in turn under the jurisdiction of Castroreale and had followed the example of the neighboring community, rebelling against the jurors castrensian doing in the Church to recognize its independence. Notarial deeds dating back to 1522 in Castroreale report the name of the district or hamlet of "Barsalona", a name to be attributed to the presence in the baptismal books of Pozzo di Gotto the name of "Graziosa Barsalona", on the other hand is supported the thesis that the name of the location has been given by Iberian sailors having recognizing the remarkable similarity of the two territories.
The autonomy of the village of Barcellona was accepted by the Sicilian Parliament, recognized by the King on 15 May 1815 and ratified in Wien 28 February 1823, by King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies. The administrative union decreed 5 January 1835, comes into force on 1 June 1836 at the behest of King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies, deciding that the new municipality formed by the merger of the two ancient districts bore the full name of Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto. Are discarded by the King all the advanced options of names derived from the word "Longano", receiving the unanimous appreciation, on the other hand the initial goodwill will turn into hatred and resentment towards the monarch as a result of criminal actions undertaken throughout the province in Milazzo and Messina, which earned him the nickname of "King Bomb"; the city soon established covered a certain role with significant contributions to the definitive expulsion of the House of Bourbon from the province and the whole of Sicily and effective input in all the events included in the process of unification of constituting Kingdom of Italy.
The procession of Varette which takes place on Friday, when for parade through the streets of the city at the same time two processions consist of twenty-six Vare depicting the mysteries of the Passion, Easter Rites included in the "Santa Sumana". The thirteenth-century village of Castroreale, home to a tower from a medieval castle built by King Frederick II of Aragon, is located nearby. Giuseppa Bolognara Calcagno, freedom fighter of the Risorgimento Emilio Fede, journalist Carmelo Freni journalist, director Emilio Isgrò, artist Leonardo Vitale, Mafia pentito Francesca Chillemi, Miss Italia 2003 Duomo of Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto History of Roman Catholicism in Italy Official website Selected Civil Records Births, Deaths
Gioiosa Marea is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about 130 kilometres east of Palermo and about 60 kilometres west of Messina. Gioiosa Marea borders the following municipalities: Montagnareale, Piraino, Sant'Angelo di Brolo. Guido Natoli Official website