Czech Miss is a national beauty pageant in the Czech Republic. Czech Miss was established in 2005 and is organized and produced by Michaela Maláčová, Miss Czechoslovakia 1991 and director of Miss Marketing s.r.o. From 2005-09, the pageant selected a winner to represent the country in Miss Universe, a first runner up participated in the Miss Earth pageant. In 2010, Czech Miss and its rival pageant, Miss Czech Republic merged under the direction of Maláčová, two winners were selected; the winner of Czech Miss 2010 competed in Miss Universe 2010 and Czech Miss World 2010 vied in Miss World 2010, while the first runner up competed in Miss Earth 2010 pageant. Since 2011 the pageant has selected three winners: Czech Miss, Czech Miss World, Czech Miss Earth to compete in Miss Universe, Miss World, Miss Earth respectively. Since 2016, the pageant no longer crowns Czech Miss World. In 2012, Czech Miss pageant produced an international winner for the first time when Tereza Fajksová won Miss Earth 2012 in the Miss Earth pageant.
Czech Miss sends delegates to participate in the Big Four international beauty pageants including a minor international pageant. Note that the year designates the time Czech Miss has acquired that particular pageant franchise
Miss Bolivia is a national beauty pageant in Bolivia. The contest was founded in 1959 and Gloria Suárez de Limpias has been the event's director since 1979; as of 2010, Bolivia has not won a Miss Miss World title. A three-hour parade is held annually on August 5. Bolivian TV channel Unitel broadcasts it to the rest of Latin America, cable broadcasts are available in the United States. For one month, there are several preliminary events and presentations regarding the main parade. By general rule, three major crowns are given each year, in this order: Miss Bolivia Universo goes to Miss Universe, Miss Bolivia Mundo to Miss World, Miss Bolivia Internacional to the Miss International contest. One of these three titleholders participates in Reina Hispanoamericana, owned by Promociones Gloria, the same group that organizes the Miss Bolivia pageant. In 2010, the third title was awarded to the Miss Earth representative, called Miss Bolivia Earth. Besides the titleholders, there are four additional runner-up positions.
Representatives are chosen for Miss Tourism Queen International and Miss Continente Americano. On June 4, 2015 Miss Bolivia Team has announced to split their national pageant into two - Miss Bolivia Universe and Miss Bolivia; the idea behind dividing the two pageants is to meet the requirements of the Miss World Organization. The following women have represented Bolivia in the Big Four international beauty pageants, the four major international beauty pageants for women; these are Miss World, Miss Universe, Miss International and Miss Earth.. On occasion, when the winner does not qualify for either contest, a runner-up is sent. Between 1975 and 2014 the first runner-up of Miss Bolivia represented Bolivia at the Miss World pageant; the Promociones Gloria decided to set its new pageant to crown a representative to Miss World in 2015. Since the winner of Miss Bolivia Mundo represents her country at the Miss World pageant. On occasion, when the winner does not qualify for either contest, a runner-up is sent.
Between 1969 and 2014 the second runner-up of Miss Bolivia represented Bolivia at the Miss International pageant. Since 2015 after the committee divided pageant into two pageants, the Miss Bolivia Internacional selects by the first runner-up of Miss Bolivia pageant. Between 2001 and 2014 the third runner-up of Miss Bolivia represented Bolivia at the Miss Earth pageant. Began in 2015 the second runner-up of Miss Bolivia will go to Miss Earth pageant. Mister Bolivia Miss Bolivia official site www.missbolivia.org
Miss Guyana is the national competition in Guyana where the Titleholder/National Winner represents Guyana at the Miss World competition. Guyana first placed at the Miss World competition in 1966, the first of six consecutive placements from semifinalist to top 3 finish from 1966 to 1971; the Miss Guyana trademark is under Natasha Martindale directorship. Since 1966 Miss Guyana was known as the Independent Queen whose winners represented Guyana at the Miss World contest; the first Miss Guyana was Umblita Van Sluytman from Georgetown. She became Guyana's first representative at the Miss World competition in London, in November 1966. A UPI photograph of her dancing on a table in her navel-baring, minimal costume for the pageant was published in many newspapers, she placed as a semifinalist. 1967: Shakira Baksh, the 1967 Miss Guyana, went on to become a runner-up at the Miss World 1967 pageant. Baksh married British actor Michael Caine six years becoming his second wife. 2009: Imarah Radix was named Miss Guyana World in 2009 and went on to compete at the Miss World 2009 pageant in South Africa.
2009: In the United Kingdom in 2009, a gynaecologist was accused of giving an orgasm to a patient who claimed to be a former Miss Guyana World winner, but the patient denied having made this claim. 2010: Aletha Shepherd, Miss Guyana World 2010, went on to compete in the Miss Asia Pacific World pageant the following year, from which she withdrew after being sexually harassed by the pageant's sponsors and racially discriminated against by the judges. 2012: Arti Cameron, a pre-medical student, was crowned Miss Guyana World. That July, Cameron appeared at the JRG Bikini Under the Bridge Fashion Show in New York City, New York, United States, it is traditional for beauty queens to be tall in order to better showcase their legs, but Cameron was one of several contestants at Miss World 2012 who were petite. 2013: Natasha Martindale took over the leadership of the Miss Guyana World pageant, replacing Ken Chung who had filled that role. 2014: Rafieya Husain was crowned Miss World Guyana 2014 on May 26, 2014.
The 22-year-old scooped the top prize at the event held at the National Cultural Centre. Speaking after collecting her prize, Rafieya promised to work with various organisations to fight the scourge of domestic violence, by tackling it from the grassroot level. In addition, she is optimistic that she has what it takes to bring home the Miss World crown in the year; the 1st runner up was Atisha Gaskill, with Denicia Williams 2nd runner up. Color key
St. George's, Grenada
St. George's is the capital of Grenada; the town is on a horseshoe-shaped harbor. St. George's is a popular Caribbean tourist destination; the town has developed in recent years, while preserving its history and natural environment. The town is home of St. George’s University School of Medicine and it is where the country's international airport is located, Maurice Bishop International Airport; the main exports are cocoa bean cacao and mace spice. It has a moderate tropical climate. Nutmegs are a key crop, followed by spices such as cocoa, cloves, vanilla and ginger. St. George's was founded by the French in 1650 when "La Grenade" was by Jacques Dyel du Parquet, the governor of Martinique; the French began their colonization with a series of skirmishes that exterminated the island's native Carib population. In 1666, a wooden fortification was constructed by French colonists on a promontory overlooking Grenada's natural harbour and named Fort Royale. In 1705, work started on a new star fort on the same site, with four stone-built bastions, to the design of Jean de Giou de Caylus, the Chief Engineer of the "Islands of America" the French West Indies.
It was completed in 1710. Meanwhile, the original colonial settlement at the eastern edge of the harbour called Saint Louis after King Louis IX of France known as Port Louis, was found to be subject to flooding and malaria, so a new town was constructed called Ville de Fort Royal; when the island was ceded to Great Britain by the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the new administration renamed it Saint George's Town, after the patron saint of England and Fort Royal was renamed Fort George, after King George III. On the 1 November 1775 there was a fire in the town of St. George's known as the great fire of St George's. After the great fire of 1771, most of the boarding houses on Granby Street were moved to Gouyave. Following the withdrawal of Bridgetown, Barbados, in the mid-1880s, St. George's went on to become the replacement capital of the former colony of the British Windward Islands; the Tikal was the first art cater shop in Grenada and it was opened in December 1959. Grenada achieved independence from Britain in 1974.
Following a leftist coup in 1983, the island was invaded by U. S. troops and a pro USA government was reinstated. In 2004, St. George's and the rest of Grenada was battered by Hurricane Ivan; the hurricane left significant destruction across the island and crippled much of the island's infrastructure. It was estimated that some 90% of the island's homes had sustained damage and the nutmeg trees, which are key to Grenada's economy, were devastated. A year with the help of international donors Grenada had experienced a significant turn around in rebuilding efforts. By 2007, Grenada had participated as planned in the hosting of the 2007 Cricket World Cup. Now St. George's is one of the top 10 Yacht destination. Carnival takes place the second week in August; this festival celebrates the emancipation of slaves. The Sunday night celebrations continue into the early morning hours on Monday. On Monday a carnival pageant is held on stage at Queen's Park, where costumes and calypso queens are judged. On Tuesday, St. George's vibrates to the sounds of the calypso steel bands as they parade through the streets.
St. George's has a humid tropical savanna climate; the average temperature is about 30 °C. There are two seasons: the'dry' season is from January to May and the'rainy' season lasts for the rest of the year. There are short spells of rain in the dry period but they last no more than 5 minutes or so. Gray clouds over the mountains are the first sign of rain. Nutmeg and mace come from the fruit of the aromatic Myrristica fragrans tree; the alien tree was adopted as from March 1967 to the Spice Island. The tree is an evergreen with dark green leaves and small yellow flowers, grows up to 12 meters tall, it continues to do so for up to 40 years. The fruit looks like an apricot and when ripe, slit to reveal a walnut-sized seed. Covering the shell of the seed are lacy, red-orange strips, which are mace, inside the shell is the seed itself - nutmeg, it is used extensively for cooking to enhance the flavor of cakes, desserts and sauces. This comes from the inner bark of the cinnamon tree. Whole or ground, it is a popular household spice internationally.
It is used to flavor cakes. This dried flavored flower bud, whole or ground is used at home to season hams, meats, mincemeat pies, turtle preserves and pickles. From June to December, cuttings from the tops of cane are laid in holes about five inches deep by five feet square covered with soil; as the cane grows taller, fertilizer is used. Between planting and harvesting, corn, peas and other crops are cultivated. January to May, the ripe cane are delivered to the mill to be ground. Boiling and clarifying the cane juice is the next operation; the juice is strained after grinding and taken to the clarifying copper to be boiled.. Lime is added to speed up the operation; the liquid sugar is put into coolers for about 14 hours. The molasses is drained off and taken to the still house to be made into rum. Private boats and yachts can complete customs and immigration processing in St. George's and Prickly Bay, Lance Aux Epines as well as in Carriacou. Travelers passing through Grenada are required to have a passport.
Those whose travel involves stay over in other countries, shou
The Caribbean Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere. It is bounded by Mexico and Central America to the west and south west, to the north by the Greater Antilles starting with Cuba, to the east by the Lesser Antilles, to the south by the north coast of South America; the entire area of the Caribbean Sea, the numerous islands of the West Indies, adjacent coasts, are collectively known as the Caribbean. The Caribbean Sea is one of the largest seas and has an area of about 2,754,000 km2; the sea's deepest point is the Cayman Trough, between the Cayman Islands and Jamaica, at 7,686 m below sea level. The Caribbean coastline has many gulfs and bays: the Gulf of Gonâve, Gulf of Venezuela, Gulf of Darién, Golfo de los Mosquitos, Gulf of Paria and Gulf of Honduras; the Caribbean Sea has the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef. It runs 1,000 km along the coasts of Mexico, Belize and Honduras; the name "Caribbean" derives from the Caribs, one of the region's dominant Native American groups at the time of European contact during the late 15th century.
After Christopher Columbus landed in the Bahamas in 1492, the Spanish term Antillas applied to the lands. During the first century of development, Spanish dominance in the region remained undisputed. From the 16th century, Europeans visiting the Caribbean region identified the "South Sea" as opposed to the "North Sea"; the Caribbean Sea had been unknown to the populations of Eurasia until 1492, when Christopher Columbus sailed into Caribbean waters on a quest to find a sea route to Asia. At that time the Western Hemisphere in general was unknown to most Europeans, although it had been discovered between the years 800 and 1000 by the vikings. Following the discovery of the islands by Columbus, the area was colonized by several Western cultures. Following the colonization of the Caribbean islands, the Caribbean Sea became a busy area for European-based marine trading and transports, this commerce attracted pirates such as Samuel Bellamy and Blackbeard; as of 2015 the area is home to borders 12 continental countries.
The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Caribbean Sea as follows: On the North. In the Windward Channel – a line joining Caleta Point and Pearl Point in Haïti. In the Mona Passage – a line joining Cape Engaño and the extreme of Agujereada in Puerto Rico. Eastern limits. From Point San Diego Northward along the meridian thereof to the 100-fathom line, thence Eastward and Southward, in such a manner that all islands and narrow waters of the Lesser Antilles are included in the Caribbean Sea as far as Galera Point. From Galera Point through Trinidad to Galeota Point and thence to Baja Point in Venezuela. Note that, although Barbados is an island on the same continental shelf, it is considered to be in the Atlantic Ocean rather than the Caribbean Sea; the Caribbean Sea is an oceanic sea situated on the Caribbean Plate. The Caribbean Sea is separated from the ocean by several island arcs of various ages; the youngest stretches from the Lesser Antilles to the Virgin Islands to the north east of Trinidad and Tobago off the coast of Venezuela.
This arc was formed by the collision of the South American Plate with the Caribbean Plate and includes active and extinct volcanoes such as Mount Pelee, the Quill on Sint Eustatius in the Caribbean Netherlands and Morne Trois Pitons on Dominica. The larger islands in the northern part of the sea Cuba, Hispaniola and Puerto Rico lie on an older island arc; the geological age of the Caribbean Sea is estimated to be between 160 and 180 million years and was formed by a horizontal fracture that split the supercontinent called Pangea in the Mesozoic Era. It is assumed the proto-caribbean basin existed in the Devonian period. In the early Carboniferous movement of Gondwana to the north and its convergence with the Euramerica basin decreased in size; the next stage of the Caribbean Sea's formation began in the Triassic. Powerful rifting led to the formation of narrow troughs, stretching from modern Newfoundland to the west coast of the Gulf of Mexico which formed siliciclastic sedimentary rocks. In the early Jurassic due to powerful marine transgression, water broke into the present area of the Gulf of Mexico creating a vast shallow pool.
The emergence of deep basins in the Caribbean occurred during the Middle Jurassic rifting. The emergence of these basins marked the beginning of the Atlantic Ocean and contributed to the destruction of Pangaea at the end of the late Jurassic. During the Cretaceous the Caribbean acquired the shape close to that seen today. In the early Paleogene due to Marine regression the Caribbean became separated from the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean by the land of Cuba and Haiti; the Caribbean remained like this for most of the Cenozoic until the Holocene when rising water levels of the oceans restored communication with the Atlantic Ocean. The Caribbean's floor is composed of sub-oceanic sediments of deep red clay in the deep basins and troughs. On continental slopes and ridges calcareous silts are found. Clay minerals having been deposited by the mainland river Orinoco and the Magdalena River. Deposits on th
Miss Brasil Pageant is a beauty contest, held since 1954 between winners of the pageants in the states of Brazil. The winner of Miss Brazil competes in the Miss Universe; the Miss Brazil, Brazil itself, are responsible for one of the most successful campaigns in history of Miss Universe, with two winners and several runners-up, finalists and semifinalists. It was considered one of the best organized and most successful beauty pageants during the 1950s and 1960s and is believed that much of the fame of the beauty of Brazilian women comes from this; the current Miss Brazil, is from the state of Júlia Horta. Competition to win the crown of Miss Brasil began in the 1920s, following a trend throughout the world during that period. A famous controversy occurred when Miss Brasil 1929 competed in the International Pageant of Pulchritude, known as "Miss Universe" in the 1930s, but failed to place in the competition, much less win; the angered Brazilians hosted their own international pageant in 1930 leading to two separate "Miss Universe" titles that year, not related to the modern Miss Universe competition created in 1952.
In the Brazilian "Miss Universe", Miss Brasil won the title while in the other competition in the USA, Miss United States received the crown of Miss Universe 1930. These competitions, like many others in the world, were discontinued as the Great Depression and World War II diverted the world's attention; the modern Miss Brasil pageant was created in 1954 in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The first edition of Miss Brasil, won by Bahia's representative Martha Rocha, was sponsored by the Folha de S. Paulo newspaper. In the following year, Brazilian media businessman and journalist Assis Chateaubriand took the rights to the Miss Brasil pageant, when the winners qualified to the Miss Universe, Miss World and Miss International pageants; the magnate who created Diários Associados, was responsible for promotion of the national beauties until 1980, when the network Rede Tupi was lost its concession by order of Haroldo de Mattos, Brazilian minister of Communications at the time, due to its bankruptcy. The Miss Brasil first four editions were held in Palácio Quitandinha, Petrópolis.
When Chateaubriand's media group assumed the promotion of pageant, it was massified nationally by its magazines and newspapers coverages in the now defunct O Cruzeiro and O Jornal. All national winners of the pageant in this period were placed into Miss Universe pageant, held in Long Beach, California in the United States. Miss Brazil's golden era began in 1958, when the pageant was moved from Petrópolis to the Federal District at the time, Rio de Janeiro. Rio Grande do Sul's Iêda Maria Vargas and Bahia's Martha Vasconcellos were winners of the 1963 and 1968 editions of Miss Universe; the same year that Vasconcellos was crowned, Guanabara State's Maria da Gloria Carvalho nabbed the Miss International title, while in 1971, Lucia Tavares Petterle was elected Miss World. Adalgisa Colombo and Rejane Vieira Costa were 1st runners up at Miss Universe in 1958 and 1972 respectively.. Due to a fire in a part of Maracanãzinho's structure, the Miss Brazil 1970 pageant winner, Guanabara State's Eliane Fialho Thompson was crowned in an event edition held only one time in Pavilhão de São Cristóvão, in a Carioca northern zone district.
Its edition was the first nationally televised by Rede Tupi via a microwave system powered by Embratel. In 1973, due to lack of public and media interest, possible feminist protests, organizers moved the site to Ginásio Presidente Médici in the country's capital, Brasília; the Miss Brasil 1972 pageant was the last held in Maracanãzinho's dependencies. When the Miss Brasil pageant moved to the federal capital, Brasília, lack of public interest continued from 1973 to last edition in the city, held in 1980. In the 1976 pageant, Helena Rubinstein cosmetics company retired its sponsorship of the Miss Brasil event. So, Catalina Swimwear brand continued its support to organization for some years until the mid-1980s, when the event broadcasting rights were assumed by SBT. All Brazilian presidents of the period received the Miss Brasil state contestants in the Alvorada Palace days before the final nights, hosted by its coordinator at the time, Paulo Max, actress Marly Bueno and telecasted by Tupi and its O&O, TV Brasília.
When the channels of defunct Tupi were redistributed for media businessman and TV animator Sílvio Santos and Russian-Brazilian journalist and owner of Manchete magazine Adolpho Bloch groups, on April 23, 1981, the new network SBT owned the Miss Brasil until 1989. For the Miss Brasil pageant the 1980s was known the most tacky period, by opinion of some fans and television critics; the last top 5 obtained by a Brazilian representative in Miss Universe was in 1981, by the Rio de Janeiro candidate in national pageant, Adriana Alves de Oliveira. Because of the lack of ratings and announcers, SBT retired the promotion of Miss Brasil in April 1990, after the country had not participated in Miss Universe 1990. In this period, Miss Brazil pageant was held in separate pageants for Miss Universe, Miss World and Miss International. SBT telecast to same state pageants, nationwide in Programa Sílvio Santos and locally by th
Vivian Charlott Burkhardt is a beauty queen who represented Grenada in Miss World 2007 in Sanya, People's Republic of China, where she placed as one of the semi-finalists. Having graduated from The TA Marryshow Community College with an Associate Degree in Natural Science, she has completed her studies as a pre-med student at St. George's University, she received her bachelor's degree in Basic Medical Science, completed her MD at St. George's University. Vivian, half Grenadian and half German, was born in Germany and moved to the island of Grenada when she was 15 years old, she knows some French. Among her major interests are alternative energy and the environment. Grenada won Miss World 1970 with Jennifer Hosten. On April 2, 2007 at Saint George's, in Grenada, in a pageant produced by Mrs. Hosten, Vivian Charlott Burkhardt was crowned Miss Grenada World 2007: Winner: Vivian Burkhardt 1st Runner up: Renee Moses 2nd Runner up: Crystal McLawrence 3rd Runner up: Michelle Minors 4th Runner up: Alyssa BierzynskiThe announcement was made before an audience at the G.
B. S. S. Hon, Brenda Hood, Minister for Tourism and the Performing Arts, performed the official crowning ceremony. Vivian won two special awards: Miss Fitness and People's Choice. Grenada last participated in Miss World 1996. Vivian represented Grenada at Miss World Contest in China in November 2007, together with 105 other contestants from all over the world, she placed among the top 16 semi-finalists. Earlier she had been named among the top 21 finalists for Miss World Beach Beauty fast-track event. Vivian Burkhardt, has spent some time with an F1 driver of McLaren-Mercedes; the couple spent time at Cannes where Vivian appeared on covers of magazines where she walked on the famed Red Carpet. After this period, she returned to the Caribbean for some family commitments. Semi-finalist of Miss World 2007 - Image