Miss World 1999
Miss World 1999, the 49th edition of the Miss World pageant, was held on 4 December 1999 at the Olympia Hall in London, United Kingdom. The pageant was hosted by model Melanie Sykes; the 1999 pageant attracted 94 delegates from all over the world. The 1999 pageant marked the first time that Scotland and Wales fielded their respective delegates. At the end of the event, Miss India Yukta Mookhey went on to win the Miss World 1999 crown at 22; the preliminary swimsuit competition was held in Malta. She was crowned by her predecessor Linor Abargil of Israel. Protesters gathered outside the event, decrying it as a "sexist cattle market". Scotland Wales British Virgin Islands, Curaçao, Chinese Taipei did not compete for unknown reasons. Denmark - Miss Denmark 1999, Zahide Bayram did not participate due to undisclosed reasons. Mauritius - Miss Mauritius 1999, Micaella L'Hortalle did not participate due to lack of sponsorship. Namibia - Miss Namibia 1999, Vaanda Katjiuongua did not participate due to lack of sponsorship.
Northern Ireland - Miss Northern Ireland 1999, Zöe Salmon withdrew at the last minute because the organizers couldn't apply for UK separate entry on time due to the Northern Ireland peace process. Bosnia & Herzegovina – Alisa Sisic - She was dethroned of her Miss Bosnia & Herzegovina 1999 crown due to her nude pictorials at Sarajevo Daily - Dnevni Avaz without her permission that made the organizers revoke her title. Philippines – Miriam Quiambao. Miriam Quiambao was to represent Philippines in the Miss World 1999 pageant but was replaced by Lalaine Edson. Miriam Quiambao, Philippines representative to the Miss Universe 1999 finished as 1st runner-up. Honduras, Madagascar and Uruguay introduced themselves in their native languages; this is the first time. England - Nicola Willoughby, still represented as United Kingdom in Miss World because of Northern Ireland's last-minute withdrawal. Pageantopolis – Miss World 1999
Toliara is a city in Madagascar. It is the capital of the Atsimo-Andrefana region, located 936 km southwest of national capital Antananarivo; the current spelling of the name was adopted in the 1970s, reflecting the orthography of the Malagasy language. Many geographic place names, assigned French spellings during the colonial period, were altered following Malagasy independence in 1960; the city has a population of 156,710 in 2013. As a port town it acts as a major import/export hub for commodities such as sisal, hemp, cotton and peanuts. In the 17th century, French buccaneers landed in the bay of St. Augustine near the Tropic of Capricorn, founded the city to maintain commercial relations, it was not until the colonial period, after 1897, when the city grew: with the efforts of Joseph Gallieni to install French administrative services isolated on the island of Nosy Ve, to form the regional capital. Tulear grew with wide avenues and public monuments. Toliara has seen a population boom over the last two decades, due to a rural exodus that has brought over 200,000 citizens into urban centers in the region.
The Vezo, nomadic fishermen, are the indigenous ethnic group. Today they are being dominated by migrants from the South which make up more than half of the urban population. To these are added migrants from other urban regions, occupying positions in government and the private sector. Toliara's cathedral is the archiepiscopal seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Toliara, one of five in the country the Diocese of Tuléar since 1957, renamed with the city in 1989, promoted in 2003 to Metropolitan archbishopric. Regional cultural highlights include: The Ifaty beach near Tulear is famous for its water and sands; the Museum of Arts and Traditions of the South of Madagascar presents the life and funerary art of the people in the area. The Regional Museum of the University of Toliara: this museum has a small ethnological collection and a huge egg of Aepyornis; the Museum of the Sea, founded by Professor Rabesandratana, is hosted by the Oceanographic Institute and covers the local aquatic flora and fauna, including a coelacanth caught in 1995 near Anakao.
The Antsokay Arboretum: Established in 1980 at the initiative of the Swiss amateur botanist Petignat Hermann. This arboretum covers an area of 52 hectares, with more than 920 plant species, radiated tortoises and chameleons. A locally known shell market, on the waterfront, behind the French Alliance, sells shells and various handicraft products; the University of Toliara is the oldest center for higher education, founded in 1971 after the decentralization of the University of Madagascar center. The university campus is located in Maninday 5 km east of the city, teaches Humanities and Social Science, Science and Management; the University of Toliara's Faculty for Teacher Training and Institute of Agriculture and Hydrology is working with the NGO Big Red Earth to explore educational innovations in the areas of agriculture, civic engagement, sustainable development. The Fisheries and Marine Sciences Institute welcomes students from diverse backgrounds, offers advanced training in fisheries and the marine and coastal environment.
In 2000 it set up the National Oceanographic Data Centre. Toliara has a Technical School and two grammar schools and religious schools such as Sacred Heart College, Tsianaloke Mahavatse, the School of Notre Dame, a French international school, Collège Etienne de Flacourt, which serves école primaire and collège. Fiherena no maha-Toliara "the Fiherena is the soul of Toliara" Toliara tsy miroro "Toliara never sleeps" The port played a key role during the "boom corn" years in the 1980s and 90s. Today, the arrival of migrants contributing to agricultural production and livestock supplying the city markets with food, has contributed to the development of small informal businesses: among the Mahafale and Masikoro communities; the city specializes in the import and export of various products including sisal, rice and soap. Production of sea salt thrives, from landscaped places in coastal areas; the Bay of Toliara houses one of Madagascar's oil exploration sites. The sea floor is rich in ground salt.
More Canadian companies begin operation of the ilmenite in the region of Tolanaro. Beyond this mining and production, the industrial sector has declined in recent decades, Tourism is a promising sector, thanks to the climate and natural assets of the hinterland. Calm shallow seas and shallow support scuba diving, Toliara remains a main destination for tours to southern Madagascar. Toliara is located on a broad coastal plain, surrounded by dunes and mangroves, near the Tropic of Capricorn in the Mozambique Channel. A nearby barrier reef is 3 km wide; the beach area is extended by an underwater beach along the continental shelf that slopes seaward. To the north lies the Delta Fiherenana. Toliara is nicknamed the "City of the Sun" because it has a hot climate and is semi-arid, with less than 400 mm annual rainfall; the city is swept by a strong prevailing wind, the Tsio Katimo. The colonial legacy is still vi
Miss World is the oldest running international beauty pageant. It was created in the United Kingdom by Eric Morley in 1951. Since his death in 2000, Morley's widow, Julia Morley, has co-chaired the pageant. Along with Miss Universe, Miss International and Miss Earth, this pageant is one of the Big Four international beauty pageants—the most coveted beauty titles when it comes to international pageant competitions; the current Miss World is Vanessa Ponce of Mexico, crowned on 8 December 2018 in Sanya, China. She is the first Mexican woman to win Miss World. In 1951, Eric Morley organised a bikini contest as part of the Festival of Britain celebrations that he called the Festival Bikini Contest; the event was popular with the press, was dubbed "Miss World" by the media. The swimsuit competition was intended as a promotion for the bikini which had only been introduced onto the market, and, still regarded as immodest; when the 1951 Miss World pageant winner, Kerstin "Kiki" Hakansson from Sweden, was crowned in a bikini, it added to the controversy.
The pageant was planned as a Pageant for the Festival of Britain, but Eric Morley decided to make the Miss World pageant an annual event. Morley registered the "Miss World" name as a trademark, all future pageants were held under that name. However, because of the controversy arising from Håkansson's crowning in a bikini, countries with religious traditions threatened not to send delegates to future events, the bikini was condemned by the Pope. Objection to the bikini led to its replacement in all future pageants with what was accepted as more modest swimwear, from 1976 swimsuits were replaced by evening gowns for the crowning. Håkansson remains the only Miss World crowned in a bikini. In Miss World 2013 all participants wore a one-piece swimsuit plus a traditional sarong below the waist as a compromise with local culture. Morley announced the Miss World winners in the order No. 3, No. 2 and No. 1. This avoids the anticlimax if Nos. 2 and 3 are announced after the winner. In 1959, the BBC started broadcasting the pageant.
The pageant's popularity grew with the advent of television. During the 1960s and 1970s, Miss World would be among the most watched programs of the year on British television. However, in 1970, the Miss World contest in London was disrupted by women's liberation protesters armed with flour bombs, stink bombs, water pistols. More than 18 million people watched the pageant at its peak during the early 1980s. In the 1980s, the pageant repositioned itself with the slogan Beauty With a Purpose, with added tests of intelligence and personality. However, there have been various objections to the contest. Although it still "enjoys success worldwide", it was no longer broadcast on BBC with the last mainstream broadcast on UK television in 1988. ITV's Thames Television took over the UK broadcasting rights between 1980 and 1988. During the early 1990s, there was a decline in the popularity of mainstream television broadcasts of the event after it became "increasingly unfashionable" in the late 1980s; the pageant returned on satellite channel Sky One in 1997, before moving to Channel 5 for three years.
Eric Morley died in 2000, his wife, succeeded as chairwoman of the Miss World organisation. The first black African Miss World winner, Agbani Darego of Nigeria, was crowned in 2001; as part of its marketing strategy, Miss World came up with a "Vote For Me" television special during that edition, featuring the delegates behind the scenes and on the beach, allowing viewers to either phone in or vote online for their favourites. It sells its Talent, Beach Beauty and Sports events as television specials to broadcasters. ITV broadcast the 2001 pageant from South Africa on digital channel ITV2, with the special airing a week earlier on the main ITV channel. In 2002 the pageant was slated for the capital city of Nigeria to host its final; this choice was controversial, as a northern Nigerian woman, Amina Lawal, was awaiting death by stoning for adultery under Sharia law there, but Miss World chose to use the publicity surrounding its presence to bring greater global awareness and action to Amina's plight.
In the Miss World 2014 ceremony, Aishwarya Rai was crowned Most Successful Miss World by the Miss World Organisation. She attended the celebration with her husband Abhishek Bachchan, daughter Aaradhya and mother Brinda Rai, it has been broadcast on local TV channel London Live since 2014. The Miss World Organization owns and manages the annual Miss World Finals, a competition that has grown into one of the world's biggest. Since its launch in 1951, the Miss World organisation has raised more than £250 million for children's charities that help disabled and underprivileged children. Miss World is franchised in more than 100 countries. Miss World, Limited is a held firm, thus figures for its earnings and charitable contributions are not publicly available; the Miss World pageant has been the target of many controversies since its inception. In 1970, feminist protesters threw flour bombs during the live event at London's Royal Albert Hall, momentarily alarming the host, Bob Hope; the 1973 winner, Marjorie Wallace, was stripped of her title on 8 March 1974, because she had failed to fulfill the basic requirements of the job.
The Miss World organizers did not elect someone to serve in her place. In 1976, several countries went on a boycott, because the pageant included both a Caucasian and African representative for South Africa. South Africa competed for the last time in 1977, before returning in 1991 as Apartheid disintegrated; the 1980 winner Gabriella Brum of Germany resigned one day after winning claiming her boyfriend disapproved. A few days it
Antsiranana, named Diego-Suarez prior to 1975, is a city in the far north of Madagascar. Antsiranana is the capital of Diana Region, it had an estimated population of 115,015 in 2013. The bay and city used the name Diego Suarez, named after Diogo Soares, a Portuguese navigator who visited the bay in 1543–44. In the 1880s, the bay was coveted by France. After the first Franco-Hova War, Queen Ranavalona III signed a treaty on December 17, 1885 granting France a protectorate over the bay and surrounding territory, as well as the islands of Nosy-Be and Ste. Marie de Madagascar; the colony's administration was subsumed into that of Madagascar in 1896. The Second Pacific Squadron of Imperial Russia anchored and was resupplied at Diego-Suarez on its way to the Battle of Tsushima in 1905. In 1942, Diego Suárez was the primary objective of Operation Ironclad, the starting point of the Allied invasion and capture of Madagascar; the Allies were concerned that Japan would pressure Vichy France into granting use of Madagascar, as they had with French Indo-China during the previous year, determined that the island should not be made a base for the interception of Allied shipping.
Diego Suarez, with its superb harbour and a concentration of government officials, was selected as the initial invasion point. The Japanese responded with an attack by midget submarines on the British naval forces in the harbour, damaging the battleship HMS Ramillies and sinking an oil tanker. France continued to use the city as a military base after Malagasy independence in 1960 until the socialist revolution of 1973. Antsiranana is situated on Antsiranana Bay, one of the largest deep-water harbours in the Indian Ocean, but the remote location, until a bad road to the south, rendered it unimportant for freight traffic. Arrachart Airport provides communication with other parts of Madagascar. Lycée Français Diego Suarez, or Lycée Français Sadi-Carnot, is a French international school in Antsiranana, it was the Collège français Sadi Carnot. The climactic scenes of the alternative history novel The Madagaskar Plan are set in the city. Antsiranana Bay Decauville railway at Diégo Suarez Atlantis Loved Kilimanjaro at Archive.today Diego Suarez review
Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south; the kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", it is called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands; the four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one; the population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest. 90.7 % of people live in cities. About 13.8 million people live in the capital of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people. Archaeological research indicates; the first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD.
Influence from other regions China, followed by periods of isolation from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shōguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma – and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism; the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation led by SCAP, the sovereign state of Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.
Japan is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, the G20, is considered a great power. Its economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity, it is the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. Japan benefits from a skilled and educated workforce. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a developed country with a high standard of living and Human Development Index, its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, but is experiencing issues due to an aging population and low birthrate. Japan is renowned for its historical and extensive cinema, influential music industry, video gaming, rich cuisine and its major contributions to science and modern technology; the Japanese word for Japan is 日本, pronounced Nihon or Nippon and means "the origin of the sun".
The character nichi means "sun" or "day". The compound therefore means "origin of the sun" and is the source of the popular Western epithet "Land of the Rising Sun"; the earliest record of the name Nihon appears in the Chinese historical records of the Tang dynasty, the Old Book of Tang. At the end of the seventh century, a delegation from Japan requested that Nihon be used as the name of their country; this name may have its origin in a letter sent in 607 and recorded in the official history of the Sui dynasty. Prince Shōtoku, the Regent of Japan, sent a mission to China with a letter in which he called himself "the Emperor of the Land where the Sun rises"; the message said: "Here, I, the emperor of the country where the sun rises, send a letter to the emperor of the country where the sun sets. How are you". Prior to the adoption of Nihon, other terms such as Yamato and Wakoku were used; the term Wa is a homophone of Wo 倭, used by the Chinese as a designation for the Japanese as early as the third century Three Kingdoms period.
Another form of Wa, Wei in Chinese) was used for an early state in Japan called Nakoku during the Han dynasty. However, the Japanese disliked some connotation of Wa 倭, it was therefore replaced with the substitute character Wa, meaning "togetherness, harmony"; the English word Japan derives from the historical Chinese pronunciation of 日本. The Old Mandarin or early Wu Chinese pronunciation of Japan was recorded by Marco Polo as Cipangu. In modern Shanghainese, a Wu dialect, the pronunciation of characters 日本; the old Malay word for Japan, Japun or Japang, was borrowed from a southern coastal Chinese dialect Fukienese or Ningpo – and this Malay word was encountered by Portuguese traders in Southeast Asia in the 16th century. These Early Portuguese traders brought the word
First Lady of Madagascar
The First Lady of Madagascar is the title attributed to the wife of the President of Madagascar. The country's current first lady is Voahangy Rajaonarimampianina, wife of President Hery Rajaonarimampianina, who had held the position since January 25, 2014. There has been no First Gentlemen of Madagascar to date. First Lady of the Republic of Madagascar
Miss World 2000
Miss World 2000, the 50th edition of the Miss World pageant, was held on 30 November 2000 at the Millennium Dome in London, United Kingdom. The pageant's swimsuit segment was filmed in the Maldives; the pageant was the first since the death of pageant owner Eric Morley, whose widow Julia Morley assumed responsibility for the event. The pageant had the highest number of Miss World participants ever; this was surpassed in 2003. The pageant was won by Priyanka Chopra of India, at the age of 18, she was crowned by her predecessor Yukta Mookhey from India. She is the second consecutive winner from her country. Internationally, Chopra reigned alongside Miss Universe 2000 titleholder Lara Dutta and Miss Asia Pacific 2000 titleholder Dia Mirza, both of India. A total of 95 contestants participated in Miss World 2000. Denmark – Cecilie Elisa Dahlstrøm Russia – Ekaterina Izmail - Dethroned of her crown due to marriage Mexico Jacqueline Bracamontes - She won Nuestra Belleza Mundo México 2000 and supposed to represent Mexico at Miss World that year, however she decided to enter Nuestra Belleza Mexico 2000 and won the contest, but as she won 2 contests Lupita Jones president of Nuestra Belleza México, decides to appoint Paulina Flores Arias - to compete at Miss World 2000.
Moldova - Miss Moldova 2000, Irina Babusenko didn't go to Miss World 2000 due to her being underage. She was replaced by her 1st runner up Mariana Moraru. Guyana - No contest. Latvia – Miss Latvia 1999, Dina Kalandarova withdrew at the last minute due to personal reasons, she competed in Miss World 2001 instead. Seychelles - No contest. St. Maarten – No contest. Swaziland - No contest. Thailand – No contest. Zambia - No contest. Pageantopolis – Miss World 2000