Whitewater is a city in Walworth and Jefferson counties in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. Located near the southern portion of the Kettle Moraine State Forest, Whitewater is the home of the University of Wisconsin–Whitewater; as of the 2010 census, the city's population was 14,390. Of this, 11,150 were in Walworth County, 3,240 were in Jefferson County. Whitewater was founded at the confluence of Whitewater Creek and Spring Brook, named for the white sand in their beds. A gristmill was built on Whitewater creek, the resulting pond now called Lake Cravath; the town grew when the first railroad line in Wisconsin passed through in 1853, but struggled when the two largest employers left town. Whitewater was a New England settlement; the original founders of Whitewater consisted of settlers from New England. These people were "Yankees", to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s, they were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s.
Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal. When they arrived in what is now Whitewater nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie, the New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes, they brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as staunch support for abolitionism and a passion for education, establishing many schools as well. They were members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian. Due to the second Great Awakening some of them had converted to Methodism before moving to what is now Whitewater. Whitewater, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history. Whitewater is located at 42°50′6″N 88°44′10″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.06 square miles, of which, 8.76 square miles is land and 0.30 square miles is water. Most of the city lies in Walworth County.
As of the census of 2010, there were 14,390 people, 4,766 households, 1,781 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,642.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 5,113 housing units at an average density of 583.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 88.0% White, 3.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.5% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.5% of the population. There were 4,766 households of which 18.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.2% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 62.6% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age in the city was 21.9 years. 11.9% of residents were under the age of 18.
The gender makeup of the city was 50.7% male and 49.3% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 13,437 people, 4,132 households, 1,685 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,923.5 people per square mile. There were 4,340 housing units at an average density of 621.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.25% White, 2.34% African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.48% from other races, 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.50% of the population. There were 4,132 households out of which 19.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.5% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 59.2% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00. In the city, the population was spread out with 12.5% under the age of 18, 53.2% from 18 to 24, 15.7% from 25 to 44, 9.8% from 45 to 64, 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,600, the median income for a family was $48,185. Males had a median income of $33,078 versus $22,431 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,965. About 10.6% of families and 27.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over. Whitewater has a council-manager form of government; the city manager is Cameron Clapper. The municipal judge is Richard Kelly. Whitewater's Common Council is made up of one member from each of the five districts in the city and two members-at-large; the Common Council meets on the first and third Tuesdays of the month at City Hall, with its meetings being broadcast live on Whitewater Public Television. Annual events in Whitewater include "Freeze Fest" in January, the Bridal Fair, Farm Toy Show in February, Maxwell Street Day and the 4th of July Celebration in July.
The Minneiska Water Ski Shows perform in the summer on Whitewater Lake. Departing from the Highway 12 crossing of the Ice Age Trail, group biking tours depart several times a week from the area. September through April, Youn
The Apprentice (U.S. TV series)
The Apprentice is an American reality television program that judges the business skills of a group of contestants. It has run in various formats across fifteen seasons since January 2004 on NBC; the Apprentice was created by British-born American television producer Mark Burnett. Billed as "The Ultimate Job Interview," the show features fourteen to eighteen business people who compete over the course of a season, with one contestant eliminated per episode. Contestants are split into two "corporations", with one member from each volunteering as a project manager on each new task; the corporations complete business-related tasks such as selling products, raising money for charity, or creating an advertising campaign, with one corporation selected as the winner based on objective measures and subjective opinions of the host and his advisors who monitor the teams' performance on tasks. The losing corporation attends a boardroom meeting with the show's host and their advisors to break down why they lost and determine who contributed the least to the team.
Episodes ended with the host eliminating one contestant from the competition, with the words "You're fired!" Seven of the show's seasons featured aspiring, but otherwise unknown, businesspersons who would vie for the show's prize, a one-year $250,000 starting contract to promote one of Donald Trump's properties. There have been eight seasons of The Celebrity Apprentice since 2008. In this format, several celebrities would participate to win money for their chosen charities, with the final prize being a large donation to the celebrity's charity and the title of "Apprentice". A reboot of this format, The New Celebrity Apprentice, aired in January 2017; the U. S. series originated a franchise of international television shows collectively known as The Apprentice, which has had over 20 local versions. Real estate tycoon Donald Trump was the show's host for the first fourteen seasons. After he declared his candidacy for the presidency, NBC announced that actor and former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger would become the new host of The Celebrity Apprentice, starting January 2017.
Lifestyle mogul Martha Stewart hosted the one-season spin-off The Apprentice: Martha Stewart in 2005. The Apprentice is a game show featuring season-long competitions; each season begins with a new group of contestants vying to earn a place in one of the organizations run by the host. The contestants have come from business backgrounds in various enterprises, the backgrounds including real estate, restaurant management, management consulting and marketing. During the show, the contestants live in a "penthouse suite", in New York City; the candidates are divided into two teams, treated as "corporations" within the show. These corporations select a name; each week, the teams are assigned a task and required to select one of their members to lead the team as "project manager", to take responsibility for organizing the team and making executive decisions. Tasks are business oriented and tend to highlight one of several business skills. Tasks most revolve around sales and marketing. During the tasks, the teams are visited by one of the host's "advisors" for that week.
Tasks lasted for one or two days. After the completion of the task, the teams meet with the host and his two advisers in "the boardroom". Boardroom meetings proceed in three stages. In the preliminary stage, all of the remaining candidates on both teams gather in the boardroom to be briefed on the task by the host and his advisors. Team members are asked about whether there were any strong or weak players. Teams are sometimes asked to comment on products produced by the opposing team. At the end of this stage, the host or his advisors reveal the results of the task and announce which team was the winner; the winning team wins a reward and are excused from the boardroom while the losing team returns to the boardroom for an elimination. In seasons, winning teams have been permitted to view the next stage of the boardroom on the TV in their suite; the entire losing team are confronted with their loss. They are interrogated as to the reasons for their loss and which players contributed to it or failed at the task.
For the final stage of the boardroom meeting, the project manager is asked to select a certain number of teammates to bring back into the final-stage boardroom meeting. The remaining teammates return to the suite while the project manager and the selected teammates step out of the boardroom momentarily so the host can consult with his advisors. Upon returning to the boardroom for the final stage, the host and his advisors continue interrogating the remaining players about their loss; the project manager is sometimes further interrogated about his or her choice of teammates to bring back into the boardroom. At least one project manager and/or remaining teammate is "fired" at the host's discretion, leaves the show; the host has broad discretion to fire candidates outside of this usual process, including firing multiple candidates at a time. The eliminated contestants are shown leaving the boardroom with their luggage and entering a taxi cab, during which they are given time to recount on their elimination, shown over the episode's credits.
When only three or four candidates (depending o
Peachtree City, Georgia
Peachtree City is the largest city in Fayette County, United States. As of the 2016 United States Census, it had a population of 35,186. Peachtree City is located in South Metro Atlanta. Peachtree City is located in western Fayette County in the southern Atlanta metro area, it is bordered to the north by the city of Tyrone. It is crossed by Georgia State Route 74 and Georgia State Route 54. SR 54 leads east 10 miles to Fayetteville, the county seat, southwest 17 miles to Luthersville. Newnan is 12 miles to the west via SR 54 and SR 34. SR 74, the Joel Cowan Parkway, runs through the west side of Peachtree City, leading north 6 miles to Tyrone and 11 miles to Interstate 85 near Fairburn. Downtown Atlanta is 31 miles to the north via SR 74 and I-85. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Peachtree City has a total area of 25.4 square miles, of which 24.6 square miles is land and 0.93 square miles, or 3.57%, is water. The city is in the watershed of Line Creek, which forms the western city boundary and county line, is a south-flowing tributary of the Flint River.
Peachtree City has three lakes. Lake Kedron to the north is a reservoir. Lake Kedron is owned by the Fayette County Authority, is managed so as to keep Lake Peachtree full whenever there is a lack of rain and still allow for recreational use of the lake during droughts. Lake Kedron is not afforded any recreational use except for fishing. Lake McIntosh, the newest lake, close to Planterra, has now reached full pool. Shakerag Hill, with an elevation of 980 feet, is the highest point in the city and sits on the eastern border at the intersection of GA Hwy 54 and Robinson Road. Peachtree City has a system of golf cart paths which spider across the town and provide a secondary means of access to any destination within city limits; these multi-use paths stretch for more than 90 miles throughout the city. Many places of business have specially designated golf cart parking spaces; the Peachtree City Police Department has several golf carts used to patrol along these paths. Over 9,000 households own a golf cart, use them as an extra vehicle for local transportation.
Children aged twelve or over may operate a cart on Peachtree City cart paths with a parent, grandparent or guardian in the front seat. Unaccompanied fifteen-year-olds with valid Georgia learner's permits are allowed to operate golf carts alone. Students at McIntosh High School are encouraged to drive family golf carts to school because of limited car parking. In 2015, Starr's Mill High School opened a golf-cart specific lot; the golf cart paths are used by cyclists and pedestrians as a safer alternative to the side of the road. In February 2003, Golf Digest magazine discussed the traffic congestion caused by use of golf carts in the city. Atlanta Regional Airport known as Falcon Field, is a general aviation airport that provides chartered air service. Since 1987, it has grown from having about 60 aircraft based at the airport to about 165; the runway holds up to 60,000 pounds of aircraft. It serves Peachtree City's business residents, but serves as a place of entertainment for people interested.
There is a viewing area provided for the public to watch aircraft land. The airport hosts many events throughout the year, including the Great Georgia Air Show; the airport is the location of a National Weather Service radar station, Southeast River Forecast Center, Weather Forecast Office, which serves 96 counties in northern and central Georgia. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport provides commercial service and is located 25 miles northeast of Peachtree City via Georgia State Route 74 and Interstate 85. Peachtree City was designated a foreign-trade zone by the U. S. Customs Service. In the U. S. a foreign-trade zone is a site in or near a U. S. Customs port of entry, designated free of customs entry procedures. Timeline: In 1957, Flat Creek was dammed to create Lake Peachtree. In 1959, Joel Cowan established the city's network of golf cart paths. In 1965, the Peachtree City volunteer fire department was created; the one-car Peachtree City police department was created as well. In 1968, Falcon Field airport was founded by Joel Cowan as Peachtree City-Falcon Field.
Peachtree City Elementary School opened as well. In 1972, Peachtree City was granted its own ZIP code. In 1974, the Peachtree City Public Library opened; the Georgia state legislature passed legislation permitting golf carts to be operated on city streets. In 1975, Peachtree City was named "one of America's best suburbs" by Ladies' Home Journal magazine. In 1976, Peachtree City got its own telephone exchange. Residents had to dial "8" to reach Atlanta, which remained the case until digital equipment was installed in 1988. In 1976, Frederick Brown Jr. Amphitheater was built as a Bicentennial project and opened to the public with the production "The MacIntosh Trail", which told the story of Creek Chief William McIntosh and the Trail of Tears; when further funding was not forthcoming the project went into foreclosure. Peachtree City purchased the amphitheater at the courthouse steps in 1977. In 1979, the first traffic light within city limits was installed at the intersection of Georgia State Route 54 and Georgia State Route 74.
In 1981, McIntosh High School opened. In 1983, Peachtree City held a free music festival to celebrate the opening of several new shops a
Homecoming is the tradition of welcoming back former students and members and celebrating an organization's existence. It is a tradition in many high schools and churches in the United States and Canada. Homecoming is an annual tradition in the United States. People, high schools, colleges come together in late September or early October, to welcome back alumni and former residents, it is built around a central event, such as a banquet or dance and, most a game of American football, or, on occasion, ice hockey, or soccer. When celebrated by schools, the activities vary widely. However, they consist of a football game played on a school's home football field, activities for students and alumni, a parade featuring the school's choir, marching band, sports teams, the coronation of a homecoming queen. A dance follows the game or the day following the game; when attached to a football game, homecoming traditionally occurs on the team's return from the longest road trip of the season. The game itself, whether it be football or another sport, will feature the home team playing a weaker opponent.
The game is supposed to be an "easy win" and thus weaker schools will sometimes play lower division schools. The tradition of homecoming has its origin in alumni football games held at colleges and universities since the 19th century. Many schools including Baylor, Southwestern and Missouri have made claims that they held the first modern homecoming; the NCAA, Trivial Pursuit, Jeopardy!, references from the American TV drama NCIS give the title to the University of Missouri's 1911 football game during which alumni were encouraged to attend. It was the first annual homecoming centered on a football game. In 1891, the Missouri Tigers first faced off against the Kansas Jayhawks in the first installment of the Border War, the oldest college football rivalry west of the Mississippi River until the teams stopped playing each other in 2012; the intense rivalry took place at neutral sites in Kansas City, until a new conference regulation was announced that required intercollegiate football games to be played on collegiate campuses.
To renew excitement in the rivalry, ensure adequate attendance at the new location, celebrate the first meeting of the two teams on the Mizzou campus in Columbia, Mizzou Athletic Director Chester Brewer invited all alumni to "come home" for the game in 1911. Along with the football game, the celebration included a spirit rally with bonfire; the event was a success, with nearly 10,000 alumni coming home to take part in the celebration and watch the Tigers and Jayhawks play to a 3–3 tie. The Missouri annual homecoming, with its parade and spirit rally centered on a large football game is the model that has gone on to take hold at colleges and high schools across the United States. At least two collegiate homecoming celebrations predate the University of Missouri football game homecoming event: Southwestern University, in Georgetown, TX and Baylor University, in Waco, TX. By multiple historical accounts, Southwestern held the first homecoming on record on Wednesday, April 21, 1909 in San Gabriel Park.
Former students raised funds, provided homes and served a barbecue supper, decorated the town buildings. Members of the senior class waited tables. Northern Illinois University has one of the longest-celebrated homecoming traditions in the country; the alumni football game played on Oct. 10, 1903, began NIU's homecoming tradition. Baylor's homecoming history dates back to November 1909 and included a parade, reunion parties, an afternoon football game, a tradition that continued and celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2009. There was a gap between 1910 and 1915 when there was no homecoming event, however there has been continuity since 1915; the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign first held its homecoming event in 1910, celebrating the 100th anniversary in 2010. This event was held annually except for 1918, when it was cancelled because of the influenza epidemic; the homecoming court is a representative group of students that, in a coeducational institution, consists of a king and queen, prince and princess.
In a single-sex institution, the homecoming court will consist of only a king and a prince or a queen and a princess, although some schools may choose to join with single-gender schools of the other gender to elect the homecoming court jointly. The king and queen are students completing their final years of study at their school, while the prince and princess are underclassmen with a prince/princess for each grade; some high schools have chosen to add categories, such as duke and duchess, to extend the representation of students to include a category in which students with special needs are elected. In high school, 17 - or 18-year-old students in their final year are represented by a queen. Local rules determine when the homecoming queen are crowned. Sometimes, the big announcement comes at a pep rally, school assembly, or public ceremony one or more days before the football game. Other schools crown their royalty at a dance, or other school event; the previous year's king and queen are invited back to crown their successors.
If they are absent for whatever reason, someone else—usually, another previous king or queen, a popular teacher, or other designated person—will perform those duties. T
University of California, Los Angeles
The University of California, Los Angeles is a public research university in Los Angeles. It became the Southern Branch of the University of California in 1919, making it the third-oldest undergraduate campus of the 10-campus University of California system, it offers 337 graduate degree programs in a wide range of disciplines. UCLA enrolls about 31,000 undergraduate and 13,000 graduate students and had 119,000 applicants for Fall 2016, including transfer applicants, making the school the most applied-to of any American university; the university is organized into six undergraduate colleges, seven professional schools, four professional health science schools. The undergraduate colleges are the College of Science; as of 2017, 24 Nobel laureates, three Fields Medalists, five Turing Award winners, two Chief Scientists of the U. S. Air Force have been affiliated with UCLA as researchers, or alumni. Among the current faculty members, 55 have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences, 28 to the National Academy of Engineering, 39 to the Institute of Medicine, 124 to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
The university was elected to the Association of American Universities in 1974. UCLA is considered one of the country's Public Ivies, meaning that it is a public university thought to provide a quality of education comparable with that of the Ivy League. In 2018, US News & World Report named UCLA the best public university in the United States. UCLA student-athletes compete as the Bruins in the Pac-12 Conference; the Bruins have won 126 national championships, including 116 NCAA team championships, more than any other university except Stanford, who has won 117. UCLA student-athletes and staff won 251 Olympic medals: 126 gold, 65 silver, 60 bronze. UCLA student-athletes competed in every Olympics since 1920 with one exception and won a gold medal in every Olympics the U. S. participated in since 1932. In March 1881, the California State Legislature authorized the creation of a southern branch of the California State Normal School in downtown Los Angeles to train teachers for the growing population of Southern California.
The Los Angeles branch of the California State Normal School opened on August 29, 1882, on what is now the site of the Central Library of the Los Angeles Public Library system. The facility included an elementary school where teachers-in-training could practice their technique with children; that elementary school is related to the present day UCLA Lab School. In 1887, the branch campus became independent and changed its name to Los Angeles State Normal School. In 1914, the school moved to a new campus on Vermont Avenue in East Hollywood. In 1917, UC Regent Edward Augustus Dickson, the only regent representing the Southland at the time, Ernest Carroll Moore, Director of the Normal School, began to lobby the State Legislature to enable the school to become the second University of California campus, after UC Berkeley, they met resistance from UC Berkeley alumni, Northern California members of the state legislature, Benjamin Ide Wheeler, President of the University of California from 1899 to 1919, who were all vigorously opposed to the idea of a southern campus.
However, David Prescott Barrows, the new President of the University of California, did not share Wheeler's objections. On May 23, 1919, the Southern Californians' efforts were rewarded when Governor William D. Stephens signed Assembly Bill 626 into law, which transformed the Los Angeles Normal School into the Southern Branch of the University of California; the same legislation added the College of Letters and Science. The Southern Branch campus opened on September 15 of that year, offering two-year undergraduate programs to 250 Letters and Science students and 1,250 students in the Teachers College, under Moore's continued direction. Under University of California President William Wallace Campbell, enrollment at the Southern Branch expanded so that by the mid-1920s the institution was outgrowing the 25 acre Vermont Avenue location; the Regents searched for a new location and announced their selection of the so-called "Beverly Site"—just west of Beverly Hills—on March 21, 1925 edging out the panoramic hills of the still-empty Palos Verdes Peninsula.
After the athletic teams entered the Pacific Coast conference in 1926, the Southern Branch student council adopted the nickname "Bruins", a name offered by the student council at UC Berkeley. In 1927, the Regents renamed the Southern Branch the University of California at Los Angeles. In the same year, the state broke ground in Westwood on land sold for $1 million, less than one-third its value, by real estate developers Edwin and Harold Janss, for whom the Janss Steps are named; the campus in Westwood opened to students in 1929. The original four buildings were the College Library, Royce Hall, the Physics-Biology Building, the Chemistry Building, arrayed around a quadrangular courtyard on the 400 acre campus; the first undergraduate classes on the new campus were held in 1929 with 5,500 students. After lobbying by alumni, faculty and community leaders, UCLA was permitted to award the master's degree in 1933, the doctorate in 1936, against continued resistance from UC Berkeley. A timeline of the history can be found on its website, as well
Glassboro, New Jersey
Glassboro is a borough in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 18,579, reflecting a decline of 489 from the 19,068 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,454 over the 15,614 counted in the 1990 Census. What is now Glassboro was formed as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 11, 1878, from portions of Clayton Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Elk Pitman. Glassboro was incorporated as a borough on March 1920, replacing Glassboro Township; the borough was named for its glass industry. Glassboro is home to Rowan University, founded in 1923 and known as Glassboro State College, the site of the Glassboro Summit Conference in 1967 between U. S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin. Glassboro's early history was built on the manufacturing of glass; the town was first established in 1779 by Solomon Stanger as "Glass Works in the Woods". In 1958, due to 20 years of municipal neglect of the sanitary infrastructure of the predominantly Black neighborhoods of Elsmere and Lawns, a typhoid fever epidemic broke out.
The Glassboro Summit Conference between U. S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin took place in Glassboro. Johnson and Kosygin met for three days from June 23 to June 1967, at Glassboro State College; the location was chosen as a compromise. Kosygin, having agreed to address the United Nations in New York City, wanted to meet in New York. Johnson, wary of encountering protests against the Vietnam War, preferred to meet in Washington, D. C, they agreed on Glassboro. The amicable atmosphere of the summit was referred to as the "Spirit of Glassboro," although the leaders failed to reach agreement on limiting anti-ballistic missile systems. On June 19, 1986, Ronald Reagan became the first sitting president to speak at a high school graduation when he spoke at the Glassboro High School commencement ceremonies. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 9.221 square miles, including 9.184 square miles of land and 0.037 square miles of water.
Unincorporated communities and place names located or within the borough include Elsemere. Glassboro borders Elk Township, Clayton Borough, Monroe Township, Washington Township, Pitman Borough, Mantua Township and Harrison Township; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Glassboro has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 18,579 people, 6,158 households, 3,971.910 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,022.9 per square mile. There were 6,590 housing units at an average density of 717.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 72.25% White, 18.67% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 2.87% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.12% from other races, 2.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.42% of the population. There were 6,158 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.5% were non-families.
22.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.13. In the borough, the population was spread out with 19.4% under the age of 18, 26.4% from 18 to 24, 21.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.4 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 95.0 males. The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $54,795 and the median family income was $67,171. Males had a median income of $49,695 versus $43,489 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $23,108. About 9.3% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 19,068 people, 6,225 households, 4,046 families residing in the borough.
The population density was 2,071.3 people per square mile. There were 6,555 housing units at an average density of 712.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 74.5% White, 19.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.5% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population. There were 6,225 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.0% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family si
St. John's University (New York City)
St. John's University is a private Catholic university in New York City. Founded and run by the Congregation of the Mission in 1870, the school was located in the neighborhood of Bedford–Stuyvesant in the borough of Brooklyn. In the 1950s, the school was relocated to its current site at Utopia Parkway in Queens. St. John's has campuses in Staten Island and Manhattan in New York City and overseas in Rome, Italy. In addition, the university has a Long Island Graduate Center in Hauppauge, along with academic locations in Paris and Limerick, Ireland; the university is named after Saint John the Baptist. St. John's is organized into six graduate schools. In 2016, the university had 4,647 graduate students. St. John's offers more than 100 bachelor and doctoral degree programs as well as professional certificates. St. John's University was founded in 1870, by the Vincentian Fathers of the Roman Catholic Church in response to an invitation by the first Bishop of Brooklyn, John Loughlin, to provide the underprivileged youth of the city with an intellectual and moral education.
St. John's Vincentian values stem from the ideals and works of St Vincent de Paul, the patron saint of Christian charity. Following the Vincentian tradition, the university seeks to provide an education that encourages greater involvement in social justice and service; the Vincentian Center for Church and Society, located on the university's Queens campus serves as "a clearinghouse for and developer of Vincentian information, poverty research, social justice resources, as an academic/cultural programming Center."The English translation of the Greek on the original seal of the University is "a lamp burning and shining" or "a lamp shining brightly" a reference to St. John the Baptist. St. John's University was founded as the College of St. John the Baptist at 75 Lewis Avenue, in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. Ground was broken for St. John's College Hall, the university's first building, on May 28, 1868; the cornerstone was laid on July 25, 1869. The building was opened for educational purposes on September 5, 1870.
Beginning with the law school in 1925, St. John's started founding other schools and it became a university in 1933. In April 1936, St. John's bought the Hillcrest Golf Club's 100 acres of land for about $500,000, with the intention of moving the school to the new site. Under the terms of the sale, the golf club continued to operate on the site for a few years. On February 11, 1954, St. John's broke ground on a new campus in Queens, on the former site of the Hillcrest Golf Club. During the official groundbreaking ceremony, the shovel used was the same shovel that had broken ground on the original campus in 1868; the following year, the original school of the university, St. John's College, moved from Bedford-Stuyvesant to the new campus; the high school, now St. John's Prep, took over its former buildings and moved to its present location in the Hillcrest-Jamaica sections in Queens. Over the next two decades, the other schools of the university, which were located at a separate campus at 96 Schermerhorn Street in Downtown Brooklyn, moved out to the new campus in Queens.
The last of the schools to relocate to Queens moved there in 1972, bringing an end to the Downtown Brooklyn campus of the university. In 1959, the university established a Freedom Institute to provide lectures and programs that would focus, in the words of university president Rev. John A. Flynn, focus "attention on the dangers of communism threatening free institutions here and abroad," with Arpad F. Kovacs of the St. John's history department as its director; the university hired the noted historian Paul Kwan-Tsien Sih to establish an Institute of Asian Studies in 1959, set up a Center for African Studies under the directorship of the economic geographer Hugh C. Brooks; the university received praise from Time Magazine in 1962 for being a Catholic university that accepted Jews with low household income. St. John's was the defendant in a lawsuit by Donald Scheiber for discrimination after being removed because he was Jewish; the court ruled against St. John's University in this lawsuit. Time ranked St. John's as "good−small" on a list of the nation's Catholic universities in 1962.
The St. John's University strike of 1966-1967 was a protest by faculty at the university which began on January 4, 1966, ended in June 1967; the strike began after 31 faculty members were dismissed in the fall of 1965 without due process, dismissals which some felt were a violation of the professors' academic freedom. The tension of that year was noted in Time Magazine stating, "cademically, has never ranked high among Catholic schools; the strike ended without any reinstatements, but led to the widespread unionization of public college faculty in the New York City area. In 1970 arbitrators ruled. On January 27, 1971, the New York State Board of Regents approved the consolidation of the university with the former Notre Dame College a private women's college and the Staten Island campus of St. John's University became a reality. Classes began in the fall of 1971, combining the original Notre Dame College with the former Brooklyn campus of St. John's, offering undergraduate degrees in liberal arts and education.