Miss Universe 1991
Miss Universe 1991, the 40th Miss Universe pageant, was held on May 1, 1991 at the Aladdin Theatre for the Performing Arts in Las Vegas, United States. Lupita Jones of Mexico crowned by Mona Grudt of Norway. Seventy-three contestants competed in the 1991 Miss Universe pageant. Bulgaria Ghana Romania Last competed in 1952: United KingdomLast competed in 1978: NicaraguaLast competed in 1984: Namibia - competed for the first time after the country's independence was given in 1990. Last competed in 1985: YugoslaviaLast competed in 1986: Cook IslandsLast competed in 1988: LebanonLast competed in 1987: PanamaLast competed in 1989: Belgium Brazil Curaçao Luxembourg United States Virgin Islands Venezuela - Jackeline Rodríguez Philippines - Maria Lourdes Gonzalez replaced Anjanette Abayari, not a Philippine citizen. Venezuela - Sharon Luengo - The Director of Miss Venezuela pageant, Osmel Souza wanted to send her to Miss Universe due to the delay of the Miss Venezuela 1991 contest, but the Miss Universe Organization rejected her as a contestant due to her 2nd runner-up position at Miss World 1990, they decided to select the Venezuelan delegate for Miss Universe 1991 under a special commission.
Soviet Union – The winner of Miss USSR 1990, Maria Kezha, was underage after February 1. Aruba – the Miss Aruba 1991 pageant was delayed and their 1991 winner, Jerusha Rasmijn, was sent to Miss Universe 1992. Australia - due to lack of sponsorship and funding Austria - Christine Heiss Denmark - Sharon Givskav - due to lack of sponsorship and funding, she went to Miss World 1991 instead. Egypt - no contest. England - Competed as United Kingdom or Great Britain since then. Gibraltar - Sarah Yeats Greenland - Bibiane Holm and went to Miss World 1991 instead Honduras - Claudia Mercedes Caballero Portugal - Carla Lopes Da Costa Caldeira Scotland - Competed as United Kingdom or Great Britain since then. Switzerland - Priscilla Leimgruber Wales - Competed as United Kingdom or Great Britain since then. Kenya - Aisha Wawira Lieberg - due to lack of sponsorship and funding, she went to Miss Universe 1992 instead. New Zealand - Adele Valerie Kenny Holland began competing as Netherlands. Great Britain began competing as United Kingdom for the first time "Miss Universe 1991".
Pageantopolis.com. Archived from the original on February 7, 2012. Official website
Prahova County is a county of Romania, in the historical region Muntenia, with the capital city at Ploiești. In 2011, it had a population of 762,886 and the population density was 161/km², it is Romania's third most populated county, having a population density double that of the country's mean. Romanians - 97.74% Romas, others. The county received an inflow of population; this county has a total area of 4,716 km². The relief is split in equal parts between the mountains, the hills and the plain. In the North side there are mountains from the southern end of the Eastern Carpathians - the Curvature Carpathians group; the two groups are separated by the Prahova River Valley. The south side of the county is a plain, on the North West side of the Romanian Plain; the main river is the eponymous Prahova River. It flows from the mountains, through the Prahova Valley collecting many other rivers - the Doftana River, the Teleajen River and others. Buzău County in the East. Dâmbovița County in the West. Brașov County in the North.
Ialomița County and Ilfov County in the South. The area contains the main oil reserves in Romania, with a longstanding tradition in extracting and refining the oil; the county is industrialised, more than 115,000 people being involved in industrial activities. It contributes to over 8% of the country's industrial production; some of the biggest international corporations like Coca-Cola, Unilever, InBev, Johnson Controls, Weatherford, Michelin and others have invested in the recent years. The predominant industries in the county are: Oil industry - 50% of the county's industrial production. Oil extracting equipment. Chemical industry. Rubber industry. Mechanical components industry. Food and beverages industry. Textile industry. Agriculture is developed - in the southern part extensive agriculture and the hills area is well suited for wines and fruit orchards. In total it realises about 3% of the country's agricultural production; the Prahova Valley is one of the areas with the highest tourist potential in the country having one of the best tourism facilities in Romania.
The main tourist destinations are: On the Prahova Valley: The Sinaia Resort. The Bușteni Resort; the Azuga Resort. The Bucegi Mountains. On the Teleajen River Valley: The Vălenii de Munte Resort. Cheia. Slănic; the Zăganul Mountains The Ciucaș Mountains. On the Doftana River Valley: The Telega Resort. Valea Doftanei; the Gârbova Mountains. The city of Ploiești; the city of Câmpina. The Prahova County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 37 counselors, with the following party composition: Prahova County has 2 municipalities, 12 towns and 90 communes Municipalities Câmpina - population: 32,935 Ploiești - capital city, its capital was Ploiești. The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Prahova County, except the town of Mizil and several nearby villages that were in Buzău County. In addition to the current county's territory, the interwar county contained several communes in its western part in Dâmboviţa County, some territory northwest of Predeal, now in Braşov County.
The county was divided into seven administrative districts: Plasa Câmpina, headquartered at Câmpina Plasa Drăgănești, headquartered at Drăgănești Plasa Filipești, headquartered at Filipești Plasa Ploiești, headquartered at Ploești Plasa Sinaia, headquartered at Sinaia Plasa Urlați, headquartered at Urlați Plasa Văleni, headquartered at Văleni Subsequently, the county established three more districts:Plasa Câmpu, headquartered at Câmpu Plasa Podgoria, headquartered at Podgoria Plasa Vărbilău, headquartered at Vărbilău According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 477,750 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 95.0% Romanians, 1.5% Gypsies, 0.9% Jews, 0.8% Hungarians, 0.7% Germans, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 96.0% Eastern Orthodox, 1.2% Roman Catholic, 1.0% Jewish, 0.6% Lutherans, 0.5% Greek Catholic, as well as other minorities. In 1930, the county's urban population was 105,098 inhabitants, comprising 88.8% Romanians, 3.5% Jews, 1.9% Hungarians, 1.7% Germans, 1.4% Romanies, as well as other minorities.
From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 89.2% Eastern Orthodox, 3.6% Jewish, 3.3% Roman Catholic, 1.5% Lutheran, 1.3% Greek Catholic, 0.6% Reformed, as well as other minorities. Prahova River Prahova Valley
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U. S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U. S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U. S. and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico; the "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state seal.
The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the desert and mountains of the Big Bend; the term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state; the state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846.
A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, joined the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton and oil. Before and after the U. S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative, it was though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century.
As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U. S. in state export revenue since 2002, has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world; the name Texas, based on the Caddo word táyshaʼ "friend", was applied, in the spelling Tejas or Texas, by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves the Hasinai Confederacy, the final -s representing the Spanish plural. The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. During Spanish colonial rule, in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevo Reino de Filipinas "New Kingdom of the Philippines", or as provincia de los Tejas "province of the Tejas" also provincia de Texas, "province of Texas", it was incorporated as provincia de Texas into the Mexican Empire in 1821, declared a republic in 1836.
The Royal Spanish Academy recognizes both spellings and Texas, as Spanish-language forms of the name of the U. S. State of Texas; the English pronunciation with /ks/ is unetymological, based in the value of the letter x in historical Spanish orthography. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja "rooftile", the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements. A 1760s map by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin shows a village named Teijas on Trinity River, close to the site of modern Crockett. Texas is the second-largest U. S. state, with an area of 268,820 square miles. Though 10% larger than France and twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Zambia. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers; the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the south.
The Red River forms a natural border with Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east; the Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, Moldova to the east, it has a predominantly temperate-continental climate. With a total area of 238,397 square kilometres, Romania is the 12th largest country and the 7th most populous member state of the European Union, having 20 million inhabitants, its capital and largest city is Bucharest, other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Brașov. The River Danube, Europe's second-longest river, rises in Germany's Black Forest and flows in a general southeast direction for 2,857 km, coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania's Danube Delta; the Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include Moldoveanu Peak, at an altitude of 2,544 m. Modern Romania was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia.
The new state named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. Following World War I, when Romania fought on the side of the Allied powers, Bessarabia, Transylvania as well as parts of Banat, Crișana, Maramureș became part of the sovereign Kingdom of Romania. In June–August 1940, as a consequence of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact and Second Vienna Award, Romania was compelled to cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, Northern Transylvania to Hungary. In November 1940, Romania signed the Tripartite Pact and in June 1941 entered World War II on the Axis side, fighting against the Soviet Union until August 1944, when it joined the Allies and recovered Northern Transylvania. Following the war, under the occupation of the Red Army's forces, Romania became a socialist republic and member of the Warsaw Pact. After the 1989 Revolution, Romania began a transition back towards a market economy; the sovereign state of Romania is a developing country and ranks 52nd in the Human Development Index.
It has the world's 47th largest economy by nominal GDP and an annual economic growth rate of 7%, the highest in the EU at the time. Following rapid economic growth in the early 2000s, Romania has an economy predominantly based on services, is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy, featuring companies like Automobile Dacia and OMV Petrom, it has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, part of NATO since 2004, part of the European Union since 2007. An overwhelming majority of the population identifies themselves as Eastern Orthodox Christians and are native speakers of Romanian, a Romance language. Romania derives from the Latin romanus, meaning "citizen of Rome"; the first known use of the appellation was attested to in the 16th century by Italian humanists travelling in Transylvania and Wallachia. The oldest known surviving document written in Romanian, a 1521 letter known as the "Letter of Neacșu from Câmpulung", is notable for including the first documented occurrence of the country's name: Wallachia is mentioned as Țeara Rumânească.
Two spelling forms: român and rumân were used interchangeably until sociolinguistic developments in the late 17th century led to semantic differentiation of the two forms: rumân came to mean "bondsman", while român retained the original ethnolinguistic meaning. After the abolition of serfdom in 1746, the word rumân fell out of use and the spelling stabilised to the form român. Tudor Vladimirescu, a revolutionary leader of the early 19th century, used the term Rumânia to refer to the principality of Wallachia."The use of the name Romania to refer to the common homeland of all Romanians—its modern-day meaning—was first documented in the early 19th century. The name has been in use since 11 December 1861. In English, the name of the country was spelt Rumania or Roumania. Romania became the predominant spelling around 1975. Romania is the official English-language spelling used by the Romanian government. A handful of other languages have switched to "o" like English, but most languages continue to prefer forms with u, e.g. French Roumanie and Swedish Rumänien, Spanish Rumania, Polish Rumunia, Russian Румыния, Japanese ルーマニア.
1859–1862: United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia 1862–1866: Romanian United Principalities or Romania 1866–1881: Romania or Principality of Romania 1881–1947: Kingdom of Romania or Romania 1947–1965: Romanian People's Republic or Romania 1965–December, 1989: Socialist Republic of Romania or Romania December, 1989–present: Romania Human remains found in Peștera cu Oase, radiocarbon dated as being from circa 40,000 years ago, represent the oldest known Homo sapiens in Europe. Neolithic techniques and agriculture spread after the arrival of a mixed group of people from Thessaly in the 6th millenium BC. Excavations near a salt spring at Lunca yielded the earliest evidence for salt exploitation in Europe; the first permanent settlements appeared in the Neolithic. Some of them developed into "proto-cities"; the Cucuteni–Trypillia culture—the best known archaeological culture of Old Europe—flourished in Muntenia, southeastern Transylvania and northeastern Moldavia in the 3rd m
Miss Universe 2012
Miss Universe 2012, the 61st Miss Universe pageant, was held on 19 December 2012 at The AXIS, Las Vegas, United States. Leila Lopes of Angola crowned her successor Olivia Culpo of the United States at the end of the event. 89 contestants competed in this year's pageant, same as last year. The Dominican Republic negotiated with the Miss Universe Organization to organize the pageant in Punta Cana but was not granted the hosting rights due to the country not being able to fulfill the requirements asked by the Miss Universe Organization; the backing out of the Dominican Republic caused the Miss Universe Organization to host the pageant in Las Vegas, Nevada in December deviating from the customary mid-year scheduling of the pageant. The following 89 women competed for the title of Miss Universe 2012: Carlos Anaya Beverly Frank Duane Gazi Michael Greenwald Jimmy Nguyen Corinne Nicolas Amy Sadowsky Crystle Stewart – Miss USA 2008 from Texas– Source: Nigel Barker – Fashion photographer and the host of The Face Diego Boneta – Singer and songwriter from Mexico Scott Disick – Businessman and reality star of Keeping Up With the Kardashians Brad Goreski – Fashion stylist and reality star of It's a Brad, Brad World Claudia Jordan – Miss Rhode Island Teen USA 1990 & Miss Rhode Island USA 1997 Masaharu Morimoto – Chef and star of Iron Chef and Iron Chef America from Japan Ximena Navarrete – Miss Universe 2010 from Mexico Pablo Sandoval – Professional baseball player from Venezuela Lisa Vanderpump – Reality star of The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills Kerri Walsh Jennings – Professional beach volleyball player and triple gold medalist in Summer Olympics Gabon Lithuania Canada – Sahar Biniaz was replaced by Adwoa Yamoah, the 1st runner-up of Miss Universe Canada 2012 because the original winner, had to withdraw due to a foot injury.
Cyprus – Ntaniella Kefala was replaced by Ioánna Yiannakoú the 2nd runner-up of Star Cyprus 2012 for undisclosed reasons. Dominican Republic – Carola Durán was dethroned after reports surfaced of a previous marriage in 2009, she was replaced by Dulcita Lynn Lieggi the 1st runner-up of Miss Republica Dominicana 2012. Estonia – Kätlin Valdmets was replaced by Natalie Korneitsik, the 1st runner-up of Eesti Miss Estonia 2012 pageant due to Katlin not being able to travel to participate. France – Delphine Wespiser due to Miss Universe 2012 conflicting with Miss France 2013, held on 8 December, she was replaced by Marie Payet, the 2nd runner-up of Miss France 2012. Gabon – Marie-Noëlle Ada was replaced by Channa Divouvi, the 1st runner-up of Miss Gabon 2011 due to Marie being unable to attend both the pageant and Miss Gabon 2012. India – Urvashi Rautela resigned due to an age controversy, she was replaced by Shilpa Singh, the 1st runner-up of I Am She 2012. Urvashi Rautela won Miss Diva 2015 and represented India at Miss Universe 2015 where she was unplaced.
New Zealand – Avianca Böhm was replaced by Talia Bennett, the 1st runner-up of Miss Universe New Zealand 2012, after her New Zealand citizenship application was denied. Aruba – Liza Nerelyn Helder was appointed as "Miss Universe Aruba 2012" after Marinus Wegereef, acquired the franchise and became the new national director of Miss Universe in Aruba. Curaçao – Monifa Jansen was appointed to represent Curaçao after she couldn't compete in 2011 because she didn't meet the minimum age requirement. Denmark – Josefine Hewitt was appointed as "Miss Universe Denmark 2012" after a casting call took place. Germany – Alicia Endemann was appointed as "Miss Universe Germany 2012" by Kim Kotter, national director of Miss Universe in Germany. Haiti – Christela Jacques was appointed as "Miss Universe Haiti 2012" after a casting call took place. Lithuania – Greta Mikalauskyte was appointed to represent Lithuania, she was the 1st runner up at the Miss Lithuania 2012 pageant. Netherlands – Nathalie den Dekker was appointed as "Miss Universe Netherlands 2012" by Kim Kotter, national director of Miss Universe in the Netherlands.
She competed at Miss World 2012, where she placed in the Top 15. Peru – Nicole Faverón was appointed as "Miss Universe Peru 2012", she was the 1st runner up at the Miss Peru 2011 pageant. Serbia – Branislava Mandic was appointed to represent Serbia, she was the 2nd runner up at the Miss Serbia 2011 pageant. Vietnam – Lưu Thị Diễm Hương was appointed to represent Vietnam by Unicorp; the permission was granted by the Ministry of Culture of Vietnam, which authorizes the international representation of the nation in events of any kind. Luu Thi Diem Huong got divorced, she was married in 2011, she lied to Unicorp. Luu Thi Diem Huong is the first Miss Vietnam who competed at Miss Universe. Egypt – Egypt didn't send a delegate because there were no sponsors for the 2012 pageant. Kazakhstan – Ainur Toleuova withdrew because she didn't meet the minimum age requirement. Portugal - The Miss Universe Portugal 2012 was not held due to losing the franchise until 2013. Portugal will returned to Miss Universe in 2014.
Slovenia – The main national pageant organizers "Delo Revije", a magazine company, lost the franchise license due to company's bankruptcy filed in 2011. Turks and Caicos U. S. Virgin Islands Miss Universe had been struggling to find a venue for this year's pageant. In March 2012, it was announced that the pageant would be moved to December because the broadcaster NBC could not broadcast the pageant at the same time as the 2012 Summer Olympics and the United States presidential election. In April 2012, it was announced. In July 2012, the Bangladeshi president announced that they will withdraw the host nation and will not host the pageant because they will find a new host in August, it was rumored that Guadalajara of Mexico, Isla
A beauty pageant or beauty contest is a competition that has traditionally focused on judging and ranking the physical attributes of the contestants, although most contests have evolved to incorporate personality traits, intelligence and answers to judges' questions as judged criteria. The term refers to contests for women such as the Big Four international beauty pageants; the organizers of each pageant may determine the rules of the competition, including the age range of contestants. The rules may require the contestants to be unmarried, be "virtuous", "amateur", available for promotions, besides other criteria, it may set the clothing standards in which contestants will be judged, including the type of swimsuit. Beauty pageants are multi-tiered, with local competitions feeding into the larger competitions. For example, the international pageants have thousands of local competitions. Child beauty pageants focus on beauty, sportswear modelling and personal interviews. Adult and teen pageants focus on makeup and gowns, swimsuit modelling, personal interviews.
A winner of a beauty contest is called a beauty queen. The rankings of the contestants are referred to as placements. Possible awards of beauty contests include titles, tiaras or crowns, scepters, savings bonds and cash prizes; however and teen pageants have been moving more towards judging speaking. Some pageants award college scholarships, to multiple runners-up. European festivals dating to the medieval era provide the most direct lineage for beauty pageants. For example, English May Day celebrations always involved the selection of a May Queen. In the United States, the May Day tradition of selecting a woman to serve as a symbol of bounty and community ideals continued, as young beautiful women participated in public celebrations. A beauty pageant was held during the Eglinton Tournament of 1839, organized by Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton, as part of a re-enactment of a medieval joust, held in Scotland; the pageant was won by Georgiana Seymour, Duchess of Somerset, the wife of Edward Seymour, 12th Duke of Somerset, sister of Caroline Norton, she was proclaimed as the "Queen of Beauty".
Entrepreneur Phineas Taylor Barnum staged the first modern American pageant in 1854, but his beauty contest was closed down after public protest. Beauty contests became more popular in the 1880s. In 1888, the title of'beauty queen' was awarded to an 18-year-old Creole contestant at a pageant in Spa, Belgium. All participants had to supply a photograph and a short description of themselves to be eligible to enter and a final selection of 21 was judged by a formal panel; such events were not regarded as respectable. Beauty contests came to be considered more respectable with the first modern "Miss America" contest held in 1921; the oldest pageant still in operation today is the Miss America pageant, organized in 1921 by a local businessman as a means to entice tourists to Atlantic City, New Jersey. The pageant hosted the winners of local newspaper beauty contests in the "Inter-City Beauty" Contest, attended by over one hundred thousand people. Sixteen-year-old Margaret Gorman of Washington, D. C. was crowned Miss America 1921, having won both the popularity and beauty contests, was awarded $100.
In May 1920, promoter C. E. Barfield of Galveston, Texas organized a new event known as "Splash Day" on the island; the event featured a "Bathing Girl Revue" competition as the centerpiece of its attractions. The event was the kick-off of the summer tourist season in the city and was carried forward annually; the event became known outside of Texas and, beginning in 1926, the world's first international contest was added, known as the International Pageant of Pulchritude. This contest is said to have served as a model for modern pageants, it featured contestants from England, Russia and many other nations and the title awarded at the time was known as "Miss Universe". The event was discontinued in the United States in 1932 because of the Depression; the popularity of the Miss America pageant prompted other organizations to establish similar contests in the 1950s and beyond. Some were significant; the Miss World contest started in 1951, Miss Universe started in 1952 as did Miss USA. Miss International started in 1960.
Miss Asia Pacific International started in 1968. The Miss Black America contest started in 1968 in response to the exclusion of African American women from the Miss America pageant; the Miss Universe Organization started the Miss Teen USA in 1983 for the 14-19 age group. Miss Earth started in 2001, which channels the beauty pageant entertainment industry as an effective tool to promote the preservation of the environment; these contests continue to this day. The requirement for contestants to wear a swimsuit was a controversial aspect of the various competitions; the controversy was heightened with the increasing popularity of the bikini after its introduction in 1946. The bikini was banned for the Miss America contest in 1947 because of Roman Catholic protesters; when the Miss World contest started in 1951, there was an outcry when the winner was crowned in a bikini. Pope Pius XII condemned the crowning as sinful, countries with religious traditions threatened to withdraw delegates; the bikini was banned for other contests.
It was not until the late 1990s that they became permitted again, but still generated controversy when finals were held in countries where bikinis were disapproved. For example, in 2003, Vida Samadzai from Afghanistan caused
Dâmbovița County is a county of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Târgoviște. In 2011, it had a population of 518,745 and the population density was 127/km², it is one of the most densely populated counties in Romania. Romanians – 96% Roma, others; the county is named after the Dâmbovița River, a name of Slavic origin, derived from Дъб, dămb, meaning "oak", as it once flowed through the oak forests of the Wallachian Plain. Dâmbovița county has a total area of 4,054 km²; the county's landscape has three main forms. In the north there are mountains from the Southern Carpathians group – the Bucegi Mountains and the Leaotă Mountains. In the center there are the sub-Carpathian hills and the southern area is part of the Romanian Plain; the county's main river gives it its name: the Dâmbovița River. The Ialomița River flows in the county's northern and eastern regions, while the Argeș River flows in the south. Ilfov County and Prahova County in the East. Argeș County in the West. Brașov County in the North.
Teleorman County and Giurgiu County in the South. One of the biggest steel factories in Romania is located In Târgoviște. Oil is extracted and refined the county; the predominant industries in the county are: Metallurgical industry. Oil extraction equipment. Food industry. Home appliances. Textile industry. Chemical industry. Construction materials industry; the main tourist destinations are: The city of Târgoviște – the ancient capital of Muntenia. The Pucioasa Resort; the Ialomița River Valley – Peștera Ialomicioarei. Glod, a small village in this area, was used to represent Kazakhstan in the filming of the mockumentary movie Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan; the Dâmbovița County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition: Dâmbovița County 2 municipalities, 5 towns and 82 communes Municipalities Moreni Târgoviște – county seat. The county included a large part of the present county.
It was bordered to the west by the counties of Muscel and Arges, to the north by Braşov County, to the east by Prahova County, to the south by the counties of Ilfov and Vlașca. The county was divided administratively into six districts: Plasa Finta, headquartered at Finta Plasa Găești, headquartered at Găești Plasa Pucioasa, headquartered at Pucioasa Plasa Târgoviște, headquartered at Târgoviște Plasa Titu, headquartered at Titu Plasa Voinești, headquartered at VoineștiSubsequently, the territory of the county was reorganized into eight districts by the abolition of Plasa Finta and the establishment of three new districts in its place: Plasa Bilciurești, headquartered at Bilciurești Plasa Bogați, headquartered at Bogați Plasa Ghergani, headquartered at Ghergani According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 309,676 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 96.9% Romanians, 2.1% Romanies, 0.2% Jews, 0.2% Hungarians, 0.1% Germans, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 98.9% Eastern Orthodox, 0.3% Roman Catholic, 0.3% Jewish, 0.1% Adventist, 0.1% Greek Catholic, as well as other minorities.
In 1930, the county's urban population was 33,398 inhabitants, comprising 63.2% Romanians, 2.0% Jews, 1.3% Romanies, 1.2% Hungarians, 0.5% Greeks, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 94.8% Eastern Orthodox, 2.1% Jewish, 1.5% Roman Catholic, 0.6% Greek Catholic, 0.3% Calvinist, 0.3% Lutheran, as well as other minorities