Roller hockey is a form of hockey played on a dry surface using wheeled skates. Most professional inline hockey games take place on an outdoor sport court. Otherwise, any dry surface can be used to host a game a roller rink, macadam, or cement; the term "Roller hockey" is used interchangeably to refer to three variant forms chiefly differentiated by the equipment used. There is traditional "Roller hockey", played with quad skates and a ball, "Inline hockey", played with inline skates and puck and "Skater hockey", played with quad skates or inline skates and plastic ball. Combined, roller hockey is played in nearly 60 countries worldwide. Roller hockey is played on both quad skates and inline skates, have different rules and equipment, involve different types of skating but share the category and name of roller hockey. Roller hockey is played using traditional quad roller skates, affording greater maneuverability to the player - this results in games filled with fancy footwork, tight maneuvering, is more similar to football or basketball.
The stick is less the same as in bandy and shinty. Roller hockey bears close resemblance to ice hockey and is played on inline skates, uses an ice hockey stick and includes a lot of fast "racing back and forth" action. Inline hockey goalies use a glove called a catcher to catch shots made on goal, a flat square, mitt called a blocker, used to deflect shots on goal; the Quad hockey goalie uses a flat batting glove that provides rebound characteristics when blocking a shot on goal. Quad hockey is a variation of roller hockey. Roller hockey is the overarching name for a rollersport that has existed long before inline skates were "re-invented" in the 70s. Roller hockey has been played on quad skates, in sixty countries worldwide and so has many names worldwide. Sometimes the sport is called Quad Hockey, Hóquei em Patins, Rollhockey, International Style Ball hockey, Rink hockey, Hockey Su Pista, Hoquei sobre Patins, Hockey sobre Patines, Rulleskøjtehockey, Rullbandy and Hardball hockey, depending on which region of the world it is played.
Roller hockey was a demonstration rollersport in the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. Inline hockey is a variation of roller hockey similar to ice hockey, from which it is derived, it is referred to by many names worldwide, including Ball Hockey, Inline hockey, Roller hockey, Longstick hockey, Deck hockey, Road hockey, Street hockey and Skater hockey depending on which region of the world in which it is played. Like ice hockey, inline hockey is a contact sport therefore, it is similar to ice hockey in that teamwork and aggressiveness are needed. Excepting the use of inline roller skates in lieu of ice skates, the equipment of inline roller hockey is similar to that of ice hockey; the game is played by two teams, consisting of four skaters and one goalie, on a dry rink divided into two halves by a center line, with one net at each end of the rink. When played more informally, the game takes place on a smooth asphalt surface outdoors; the game is played in three 15-minute periods or if it is higher standard it's played 20-minutes in each of the three periods.
The game rules differ from ice hockey in a few simple ways: there is no icing and it is played in a 4 on 4 player format instead of 5 on 5. Speaking, only competitive-level inline hockey is bound by the governing body's rules. Recreational hockey leagues may make modifications to certain aspects of the rules to suit local requirements. Roller hockey is a growing sport in Britain with teams cropping up all over the country; the fact that it can be played on any dry surface means that it can be played in any leisure center. Most competitive youth hockey teams play in tournaments; the tournaments vary depending on location, but a typical bracket system is used. Teams travel to different locations around their state, sometimes going out of state. There are inner state tournaments and out of state tournaments. There are national tournaments competitive teams compete for; the World Skate is the international association that organize the biggest roller hockey world championship. Over twenty national teams participate in these two events.
There are other tournaments located in the U. S but played by players all around the world. Narch and Statewars are two Nationwide tournaments of every skill age group. In skater hockey, the sport is governed in Europe by the International Inline-Skater hockey Federation. Many of the same brands that make ice hockey equipment make roller hockey skates including Bauer, Mission and many more. There are some brands that specialize in roller hockey like el Leon de Oro, Alkali and Mission. Other rink hockey brands include Reno, TVD, Meneghini and Azemad. Hockey Floor hockey Floorball Inline hockey International Roller Sports Federation Roller hockey Roller hockey Roller hockey at the 1992 Summer Olympics Roller Hockey International Street Hockey USA Roller Sports Mundo do Hóquei
Bauer Hockey is one of the leading manufacturers of ice hockey equipment and recreational skates and apparel. Bauer produces helmets, sticks, shin guards, shoulder pads, elbow pads, as well as goalie equipment. Bauer developed and manufactured hockey skates prior to 1990, when it acquired the hockey assets of Cooper Canada Ltd. Bauer operates as a unit of Peak Achievement Athletics Inc. of New Hampshire. In 1927, the Bauer family, owners of Western Shoe Company, established the Bauer Skate company as it is known today in Kitchener, Ontario. Bauer was the first hockey company to begin producing hockey skates in which the blade was permanently secured to the boot; the boot and blade were made by Bauer. This innovation changed the industry. In years following, Bauer Skate's top line was marketed under the trade name "Bauer Supreme"; the company was further popularized by the prominence of Bobby Bauer, a family member and Hockey Hall of Fame member who starred for the Boston Bruins in the 30s and 40s.
In the 1960s, the company paid superstar Bobby Hull to endorse their skates. This move, the introduction soon after of the TUUK chassis, ushered in a new era for the company. In the early 1970s, Jim Roberts of the Canadiens, began wearing the now famous TUUK blade. High-profile teammates Steve Shutt and Jacques Lemaire soon followed; the success of this blade chassis was such that by 1995, the various Canstar skate brands had a 70% NHL market share while their TUUK and ICM holders combined for a 95% share. In 1994, Bauer began producing the perforated TUUK chassis, the piece of equipment that connects the steel blade to the actual boot of the skate; this revolutionized the sport of hockey because it allowed skates to be made lighter, as well as more durable. In 1994, the parent company of Bauer, became a wholly owned subsidiary of Nike. In 2006, beginning with the release of the Nike Bauer Supreme One90, the company's products were rebranded as Nike Bauer; this was the first time Nike had used a partner brand name on a product.
Nike sold the company to investors Roustan, Inc. and Kohlberg & Co. on February 21, 2008 and the company was once again known as Bauer. On September 25, 2008, Bauer announced the purchase of rival Mission-Itech. Mission and Itech gear was rebranded as Bauer beginning in 2009. Timeline: 1927 Ray Charles Bauer of Kitchener starts Western Shoe Company and the Bauer Canadian Skate company. 1933 Company develops the first skate with the blade attached to boot. 1965 Bauer becomes a division of shoe giant Greb Industries. 1974 Warrington Products, controlled by Bronfman family, buys Greb. 1975 Company launches the TUUK blade holder. 1981 Ski and skate boot entrepreneur Icaro Olivieri merges his company with Warrington. 1988 Olivieri and investment group executes leveraged buyout of struggling Warrington and renames it Canstar Sports, focussing on hockey equipment. 1992 Hockey star Eric Lindros joins Bauer team. 1995 Nike buys Bauer's parent company, for $395 million. 1997 Bauer introduces a better helmet with dual density foam.
2005 Company develops. 2008 Quebec-based Roustan Inc. and U. S.-based private equity firm Kohlberg & Co. purchase Nike's Bauer assets for $200 million. 2010 Bauer buys Maverik Lacrosse. 2011 Bauer Performance Sports listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange, now PSG. 2011 Alex Ovechkin signs Long-Term Global Partnership with Bauer Hockey 2012 BPS acquires Cascade for lacrosse equipment and Inaria for sports apparel. 2013 BPS acquires Combat Sports for composite softball bats. 2014 BPS acquires Easton for baseball/softball equipment making them the world's largest team sports equipment suppliers. 2014 Lists on New York Stock Exchange with name change to Performance Sports Group. 2016 PSG acquires Easton Hockey equipment business. 2016 Bauer's parent company Performance. 2017 Bauer's new parent company is Peak Achievement Athletics Inc.. Micron Official website
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points. The sport is known to be fast-paced and physical, with teams consisting of six players each: one goaltender, five players who skate up and down the ice trying to take the puck and score a goal against the opposing team. Ice hockey is most popular in Canada and eastern Europe, the Nordic countries and the United States. Ice hockey is the official national winter sport of Canada. In addition, ice hockey is the most popular winter sport in Belarus, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Slovakia and Switzerland. North America's National Hockey League is the highest level for men's ice hockey and the strongest professional ice hockey league in the world; the Kontinental Hockey League is much of Eastern Europe. The International Ice Hockey Federation is the formal governing body for international ice hockey, with the IIHF managing international tournaments and maintaining the IIHF World Ranking.
Worldwide, there are ice hockey federations in 76 countries. In Canada, the United States, Nordic countries, some other European countries the sport is known as hockey. Ice hockey is believed to have evolved from simple stick and ball games played in the 18th and 19th century United Kingdom and elsewhere; these games were brought to North America and several similar winter games using informal rules as they were developed, such as "shinny" and "ice polo". The contemporary sport of ice hockey was developed in Canada, most notably in Montreal, where the first indoor hockey game was played on March 3, 1875; some characteristics of that game, such as the length of the ice rink and the use of a puck, have been retained to this day. Amateur ice hockey leagues began in the 1880s, professional ice hockey originated around 1900; the Stanley Cup, emblematic of ice hockey club supremacy, was first awarded in 1893 to recognize the Canadian amateur champion and became the championship trophy of the NHL. In the early 1900s, the Canadian rules were adopted by the Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace, the precursor of the IIHF and the sport was played for the first time at the Olympics during the 1920 Summer Olympics.
In international competitions, the national teams of six countries predominate: Canada, Czech Republic, Russia and the United States. Of the 69 medals awarded all-time in men's competition at the Olympics, only seven medals were not awarded to one of those countries. In the annual Ice Hockey World Championships, 177 of 201 medals have been awarded to the six nations. Teams outside the "Big Six" have won only five medals in either competition since 1953; the World Cup of Hockey is organized by the National Hockey League and the National Hockey League Players' Association, unlike the annual World Championships and quadrennial Olympic tournament, both run by the International Ice Hockey Federation. World Cup games are played under NHL rules and not those of the IIHF, the tournament occurs prior to the NHL pre-season, allowing for all NHL players to be available, unlike the World Championships, which overlaps with the NHL's Stanley Cup playoffs. Furthermore, all 12 Women's Olympic and 36 IIHF World Women's Championships medals were awarded to one of these six countries.
The Canadian national team or the United States national team have between them won every gold medal of either series. In England, field hockey has been called "hockey" and what was referenced by first appearances in print; the first known mention spelled as "hockey" occurred in the 1773 book Juvenile Sports and Pastimes, to Which Are Prefixed, Memoirs of the Author: Including a New Mode of Infant Education, by Richard Johnson, whose chapter XI was titled "New Improvements on the Game of Hockey". The 1573 Statute of Galway banned a sport called "'hokie'—the hurling of a little ball with sticks or staves". A form of this word was thus being used in the 16th century, though much removed from its current usage; the belief that hockey was mentioned in a 1363 proclamation by King Edward III of England is based on modern translations of the proclamation, in Latin and explicitly forbade the games "Pilam Manualem, Pedivam, & Bacularem: & ad Canibucam & Gallorum Pugnam". The English historian and biographer John Strype did not use the word "hockey" when he translated the proclamation in 1720, instead translating "Canibucam" as "Cambuck".
According to the Austin Hockey Association, the word "puck" derives from the Scottish Gaelic puc or the Irish poc. "... The blow given by a hurler to the ball with his camán or hurley is always called a puck." Stick-and-ball games date back to pre-Christian times. In Europe, these games included the Irish game of hurling, the related Scottish game of shinty and versions of field hockey. IJscolf, a game resembling colf on an ice-covered surface, was popular in the Low Countries between the Middle Ages and the Dutch Golden Age, it was played with a wooden curved bat, a wooden or leather ball and two poles, with t